3,253 results match your criteria tinnitus support

The Impact of Deployment and Combat Exposure on Physical Health Among Military Personnel: A Systematic Review of Incidence, Prevalence, and Risks.

Mil Med 2021 Jul 23. Epub 2021 Jul 23.

Expertcentre Force Health Protection, Military Healthcare Organisation, Ministry of Defence, Doorn 3941 PW, The Netherlands.

Objectives: The impact of deployment and combat on mental health of military personnel is well described. Less evidence is available to demonstrate and summarize the incidence, prevalence, and risks of these exposures on physical health. This study aims to (1) systematically review the available literature to determine the incidence and prevalence of physical health conditions among military personnel during and after deployment and (2) investigate the risks of deployment and combat exposure on physical health. Read More

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[Clinical analysis of the vascular pulsatile tinnitus associated with sigmoid sinus-mastoid].

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2021 May;35(5):410-415

Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery,the 980th Hospital of Joint Logistics Support Force of PLA,Shijiazhuang,050082,China.

To probe the clinical characteristics of diagnosis and therapy of vascular pulsatile tinnitus(PT) associated with sigmoid sinus-mastoid. Retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of the hospitalized 45 PT patients of an ear surgeon in one hospital between January 2013 to January 2020, and observed the effectiveness with surgery and non-surgery therapy. Surgical procedures include reconstruction the bone wall of sigmoid sinus by transmastoid approach and ligation of mastoid emissary vein. Read More

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Behavioral and Occupational Health in Military Firefighters: An Understudied Population.

Behav Modif 2021 Jul 22:1454455211033515. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Wilford Hall Ambulatory Surgical Center, San Antonio, TX, USA.

To our knowledge, no studies on health conditions in U.S. military firefighters exist. Read More

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Simulated transient hearing loss improves auditory sensitivity.

Sci Rep 2021 Jul 20;11(1):14791. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Neuroscience Lab, Experimental Otolaryngology, University Hospital Erlangen, Erlangen, Germany.

Recently, it was proposed that a processing principle called adaptive stochastic resonance plays a major role in the auditory system, and serves to maintain optimal sensitivity even to highly variable sound pressure levels. As a side effect, in case of reduced auditory input, such as permanent hearing loss or frequency specific deprivation, this mechanism may eventually lead to the perception of phantom sounds like tinnitus or the Zwicker tone illusion. Using computational modeling, the biological plausibility of this processing principle was already demonstrated. Read More

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Simultaneous treatment with pentoxifylline does not adversely affect the neurotrophic effects of brain-derived neurotrophic factor on spiral ganglion neurons.

Neuroreport 2021 Jul 19. Epub 2021 Jul 19.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, University Hospital Frankfurt, Goethe University, Frankfurt, Germany.

The hemorheologic drug pentoxifylline is applied for the treatment of sudden sensorineural hearing loss and tinnitus to improve cochlear microcirculation. Recent studies also suggest protective and trophic effects on neuronal cells. Because the preservation of sensorineural structures of the inner ear is fundamental for normal hearing and hearing restoration with auditory prostheses, pentoxifylline and neurotrophic factors such as brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) are promising candidates to treat degenerative disorders of the inner ear. Read More

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Change in EEG Activity is Associated with a Decrease in Tinnitus Awareness after rTMS.

Front Neurol Neurosci Res 2021 17;2. Epub 2021 May 17.

Department of Neurobiology and Developmental Sciences, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences USA.

Objective: To examine how 1Hz and 10Hz rTMS temporarily influence ratings of tinnitus loudness, annoyance, and awareness. The thalamocortical dysrhythmia (TCD) model of tinnitus was tested by examining changes in spectral power and coherence of resting state EEGs from baseline to each phase of treatment and correlating these data with change in tinnitus.

Methods: Nineteen participants completed a double-blind, placebo (sham rTMS) controlled, within-subjects study with crossover between the two active rTMS treatment conditions. Read More

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Restoration of Deafferentation Reduces Tinnitus, Anxiety, and Depression: A Retrospective Study on Cochlear Implant Patients.

Neural Plast 2021 24;2021:6678863. Epub 2021 Jun 24.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Huadong Hospital Affiliated with Fudan University, 200040, No. 221 West Yan'an Road, Jing An District, Shanghai, China.

Patients with profound bilateral deafness (BD) are prone to suffering from tinnitus, which further leads to psychological comorbidities and makes it more difficult for patients to communicate with people. This study was aimed at investigating the effect of cochlear implants (CIs) on tinnitus distress and psychological comorbidities in patients with profound BD. This multicenter retrospective study reviewed 51 patients with severe postlingual BD who underwent cochlear implantation; 49 patients underwent unilateral cochlear implantation, and 2 patients underwent bilateral cochlear implantation. Read More

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Modifiable lifestyle-related risk factors for tinnitus in the general population: An overview of smoking, alcohol, body mass index and caffeine intake.

Prog Brain Res 2021 20;263:1-24. Epub 2021 May 20.

Hearing Sciences, Mental Health and Clinical Neurosciences, School of Medicine, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom; National Institute for Health Research Nottingham Biomedical Research Centre, Nottingham, United Kingdom; Nottingham University Hospitals NHS Trust, Queens Medical Centre, Nottingham, United Kingdom; Heriot-Watt University Malaysia, Putrajaya, Wilayah Persekutuan Putrajaya, Malaysia.

Introduction: Tinnitus is a symptom and not a disease in its own right. A number of medical conditions are known to increase the risk of developing tinnitus. Most known risk factors are otological or neurological, but general health and lifestyle can also precipitate the condition. Read More

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Reducing the Impact of Tinnitus on Children and Adolescents' Lives: A Mixed-Methods Concept Mapping Study.

Int J Pediatr 2021 31;2021:5534192. Epub 2021 May 31.

Ear Science Institute Australia, Subiaco, Australia.

Objectives: To generate a conceptual framework describing what is done to reduce the impact of chronic tinnitus on the lives of children and adolescents.

Design: Views and experiences of 32 adults from two participant groups informed this concept mapping study: (i) a tinnitus group (adults who experienced tinnitus during childhood/adolescence, and primary carers of children/adolescents with tinnitus) and (ii) a clinicians' group (clinicians who provided care for children/adolescents with tinnitus). Participants produced statements describing what is done to reduce the impact of chronic tinnitus on the lives of children and adolescents who experience it. Read More

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Epidural Filling with Crystal-colloid Solution for Post Accidental Dural Puncture Headache: A Case Series.

Clin Invest Med 2021 06 14;44(2):E44-47. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Department of Anesthesiology, Chongqing Health Center for Women and Children, Chongqing, China.

Purpose: Post dural puncture headache (PDPH) is a common anesthetic complication caused by expected spinal puncture or accidental dural puncture during intraspinal anesthesia operation. The purpose of this study was to retrospectively analyze the clinical features and outcomes of parturients with accidental dural punctures (ADP).

Methods: (All cesarean sections at the Chongqing Health Center for Women and Children (Chongqing, China) carried out under neuraxial anesthesia from January 1, 2017 to December 31, 2018 were reviewed and data from 20 parturients with ADP were collected and analyzed. Read More

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International survey of audiologists during the COVID-19 pandemic: effects on the workplace.

Int J Audiol 2021 Jun 17:1-8. Epub 2021 Jun 17.

Ear Science Institute Australia, Subiaco, Western Australia, Australia.

Objective: This study surveyed the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on the audiology workplace.

Design: The study used a cross-sectional survey design for audiologists across the globe ( = 337) using an online survey (June-August 2020) focussing on changes to the workplace during the pandemic.

Results: Participants represented varied work settings and audiology services. Read More

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Efficacy of Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) for Tinnitus: A Retrospective Study.

Ear Nose Throat J 2021 Jun 15:1455613211016896. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Department of Hearing and Speech Science, Xinhua College, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China.

Objective: Current studies still find insufficient evidence to support the routine use of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in tinnitus. This study aimed to assess response of tinnitus to treatment with rTMS and identify factors influencing the overall response.

Methods: Between January 2016 and May 2017, 199 tinnitus patients were identified from a retrospective review of the electronic patient record at the Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hospital. Read More

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Transcranial photobiomodulation in the management of brain disorders.

J Photochem Photobiol B 2021 Aug 5;221:112207. Epub 2021 May 5.

ENT and Head & Neck Research Center, The Five Senses Health eInstitute, Iran University of Medical Sciences (IUMS), Tehran, Iran. Electronic address:

Transcranial photobiomodulation (tPBM) is the process of delivering light photons through the skull to benefit from its modifying effect. Brain disorders are important health problems. The aim of this review was to determine the existing evidence of effectiveness, useful parameters, and safety of tPBM in the management of traumatic brain injury, stroke, Parkinson, and Alzheimer's disease as the common brain disorders. Read More

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Intervention Planning for the Tinnitus E-Programme 2.0, an Internet-Based Cognitive Behavioral Intervention for Tinnitus.

Am J Audiol 2021 Jun 26;30(2):241-254. Epub 2021 May 26.

National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Nottingham Biomedical Research Centre, Hearing Sciences group, Division of Clinical Neuroscience, School of Medicine, University of Nottingham, United Kingdom.

Purpose The purpose of this study is to comprehensively describe the intervention planning process for the Tinnitus E-Programme 2.0, an Internet-based cognitive behavioral intervention for tinnitus. Method Theory-, evidence-, and person-based approaches to intervention development were used. Read More

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Cochlear implantation for tinnitus in adults with bilateral hearing loss: protocol of a randomised controlled trial.

BMJ Open 2021 05 18;11(5):e043288. Epub 2021 May 18.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands.

Introduction: Tinnitus is the perception of sound without an external stimulus, often experienced as a ringing or buzzing sound. Subjective tinnitus is assumed to origin from changes in neural activity caused by reduced or lack of auditory input, for instance due to hearing loss. Since auditory deprivation is thought to be one of the causes of tinnitus, increasing the auditory input by cochlear implantation might be a possible treatment. Read More

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Coping With Tinnitus During the COVID-19 Pandemic.

Am J Audiol 2021 Jun 12;30(2):385-393. Epub 2021 May 12.

Department of Speech and Hearing Sciences, Lamar University, Beaumont, TX.

Purpose The COVID-19 pandemic disrupted normal operations of health care services, broad sectors of the economy, and the ability to socialize freely. For those with tinnitus, such changes can be factors in exacerbating tinnitus. The purpose of this study was to determine tinnitus help-seeking behavior, which resources individuals utilized to cope during the pandemic, and what additional support is desired. Read More

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Systematic review of sound stimulation to elicit tinnitus residual inhibition.

Prog Brain Res 2021 13;262:1-21. Epub 2021 Mar 13.

First Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Hippocrateion General Hospital, Athens, Greece.

Background: Residual Inhibition is considered as tinnitus alteration immediately after exposure to sound. Its clinical significance and correlation with the pathophysiology and treatment prognosis of tinnitus remain enigmatic. The objective of this review is to critically appraise scientific evidence regarding the residual inhibition prevalence and how it is correlated with different sound stimuli. Read More

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Methodological Aspects of Randomized Controlled Trials for Tinnitus: A Systematic Review and How a Decision Support System Could Overcome Barriers.

J Clin Med 2021 Apr 16;10(8). Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Universität Regensburg, 93053 Regensburg, Germany.

Although a wide range of tinnitus management interventions is currently under research and a variety of therapeutic interventions have already been applied in clinical practice, no optimal and universal tinnitus treatment has been reached yet. This fact is to some extent a consequence of the high heterogeneity of the methodologies used in tinnitus related clinical studies. In this manuscript, we have identified, summarized, and critically appraised tinnitus-related randomized clinical trials since 2010, aiming at systematically mapping the research conducted in this area. Read More

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The Use of Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy and Corticosteroid Therapy in Acute Acoustic Trauma: 15 Years' Experience at the Czech Military Health Service.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 04 22;18(9). Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Maxillofacial Surgery, Military University Hospital, 16902 Prague, Czech Republic.

Background: Acute acoustic trauma (AAT) ranks, among others, as one common cause of inner ear function impairment, especially in terms of military personnel, who are at an increased exposure to impulse noises from firearms.

Aim Of This Study: 1. We wanted to demonstrate whether early treatment of AAT means a higher chance for the patient to improve hearing after trauma. Read More

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Time Since Injury as a Factor in Post-Concussion Symptom Reporting among Military Service Members with Blast-Related Concussion.

J Neurotrauma 2021 May 27. Epub 2021 May 27.

Medical Modeling, Simulation, and Mission Support Department, Naval Health Research Center, San Diego, California, USA.

Over the last decade, much research has been devoted to concussion among military personnel. Post-concussion symptoms after blast-related concussion are common, but it is unknown whether symptom reporting differs over time. This study's objective was to assess the relationship between time since injury and post-concussion symptom reporting. Read More

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Evidence of Cochlear Synaptopathy and the Effect of Systemic Steroid in Acute Idiopathic Tinnitus With Normal Hearing.

Otol Neurotol 2021 08;42(7):978-984

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Objective: To evaluate the electrophysiologic evidence of cochlear synaptopathy and the effects of systemic steroids in acute idiopathic tinnitus with normal hearing.

Study Design: Retrospective review of medical data.

Setting: Tertiary referral center. Read More

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Baseline audiological profiling of South African females with cervical cancer: an important attribute for assessing cisplatin-associated ototoxicity.

BMC Womens Health 2021 04 20;21(1):164. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Global Health, African Cancer Institute, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Stellenbosch University, P.O. Box 241, Cape Town, 8000, South Africa.

Background: Cisplatin is a popular antineoplastic agent used to treat cervical cancer in women from low and middle-income countries. Cisplatin treatment is associated with ototoxicity, often resulting in hearing loss. In light of this, it is crucial to conduct baseline audiological assessments prior to treatment initiation in order to evaluate the extent of cisplatin-associated-ototoxicity. Read More

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Identification of patient benefit from proton beam therapy in brain tumour patients based on dosimetric and NTCP analyses.

Radiother Oncol 2021 07 17;160:69-77. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

OncoRay - National Center for Radiation Research in Oncology, Faculty of Medicine and University Hospital Carl Gustav Carus, Technische Universität Dresden, Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden - Rossendorf, Germany; German Cancer Consortium (DKTK), partner site Dresden, and German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), Heidelberg, Germany; Department of Radiotherapy and Radiation Oncology, Faculty of Medicine and University Hospital Carl Gustav Carus, Technische Universität Dresden, Dresden, Germany. Electronic address:

Background: The limited availability of proton beam therapy (PBT) requires individual treatment selection strategies, such as the model-based approach. In this study, we assessed the dosimetric benefit of PBT compared to photon therapy (XRT), analysed the corresponding changes in normal tissue complication probability (NTCP) on a variety of available models, and illustrated model-based patient selection in an in-silico study for patients with brain tumours.

Methods: For 92 patients treated at two PBT centres, volumetric modulated arc therapy treatment plans were retrospectively created for comparison with the clinically applied PBT plans. Read More

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Cortical and subcortical gray matter changes in patients with chronic tinnitus sustaining after vestibular schwannoma surgery.

Sci Rep 2021 Apr 16;11(1):8411. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Department of Neurosurgery and Neurotechnology, Eberhard Karls University Hospital, Hoppe-Seyler-Straße 3, 72076, Tuebingen, Germany.

Tinnitus is attributed to partial sensory deafferentation resulting in a central maladaptive neuroplasticity. Unfortunately, the agent of deafferentation is usually unknown or irreversible. In patients with unilateral vestibular schwannoma (VS), however, the auditory nerve is affected by a benign tumor. Read More

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Using Big Data to Develop a Clinical Decision Support System for Tinnitus Treatment.

Curr Top Behav Neurosci 2021 Apr 11. Epub 2021 Apr 11.

First Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Hippokration General Hospital, Athens, Greece.

Tinnitus is a common symptom of a phantom sound perception with a considerable socioeconomic impact. Tinnitus pathophysiology is enigmatic and its significant heterogeneity reflects a wide spectrum of clinical manifestations, severity and annoyance among tinnitus sufferers. Although several interventions have been suggested, currently there is no universally accepted treatment. Read More

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Sound therapy can modulate the functional connectivity of the auditory network.

Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry 2021 Aug 7;110:110323. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Department of Radiology, Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100050, China. Electronic address:

The functional connectivity of the auditory network is considered to be important in the development of tinnitus. We hypothesized that sound therapy, as a commonly used effective treatment for tinnitus, can modulate the functional connectivity of the auditory network. In this prospective observational study, we recruited 27 tinnitus patients who had undergone 12 weeks of sound therapy and 27 matched healthy controls. Read More

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Suggestions for shaping tinnitus service provision in Western Europe: Lessons from the COVID-19 pandemic.

Int J Clin Pract 2021 Jul 8;75(7):e14196. Epub 2021 May 8.

Department of Translational Neurosciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Antwerp, Wilrijk, Belgium.

Background: Tinnitus severity has been exacerbated because of the COVID-19 pandemic and those with tinnitus require additional support. Such support should be informed by patient preferences and needs. The objective of this study was to gather information from individuals with tinnitus living in Europe to inform stakeholders of the (a) support they needed in relation to changes associated with the COVID-19 pandemic and (b) suggestions regarding tinnitus care for the future. Read More

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Tinnitus and Brain Stimulation.

Curr Top Behav Neurosci 2021 Apr 8. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University of Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany.

The pathophysiological mechanisms that underlie the generation and maintenance of tinnitus are being unraveled progressively. Based on this knowledge, a large variety of different neuromodulatory interventions have been developed and are still being designed, adapting to the progressive mechanistic insights in the pathophysiology of tinnitus. rTMS targeting the temporal, temporoparietal, and the frontal cortex has been the mainstay of non-invasive neuromodulation. Read More

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Neuroanatomic Volume Differences in Tinnitus and Hearing Loss.

Laryngoscope 2021 08 3;131(8):1863-1868. Epub 2021 Apr 3.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, California, U.S.A.

Objectives: To investigate neuroanatomic volume differences in tinnitus and hearing loss.

Study Design: Cross-sectional.

Methods: Sixteen regions of interest (ROIs) in adults (43 male, 29 female) were examined using 3Tesla structural magnetic resonance imaging in four cohorts: 1) tinnitus with moderate hearing loss (N = 31), 2) moderate hearing loss only (N = 15), 3) tinnitus with normal hearing (N = 17), and 4) normal hearing only (N = 13). Read More

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