153,036 results match your criteria times visual

The Processing Characteristics of Bodily Expressions under the Odor Context: An ERP Study.

Behav Brain Res 2021 Jul 27:113494. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

School of Psychology, Shanghai University of Sport, Shanghai, 200438, China. Electronic address:

The recognition of facial expressions has been shown to be influenced by contextual odors. The aims of this study were (1) to investigate whether odor has a similar effect on the recognition of bodily expressions, and (2) to analyze the time-course of such effects. Sixty-nine adults were randomized into three groups to identify bodily expressions (happy, fearful, and neutral) in three odor environments (pleasant odor, unpleasant odor, and no odor). Read More

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Feasibility of unilateral hemilaminectomy utilizing a Williams retractor for the resection of intradural-extramedullary spinal neoplasms.

Neurochirurgie 2021 Jul 27. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Tufts University School of Medicine, 145 Harrison Ave, Boston, MA 02111, United States; Department of Neurosurgery, Tufts Medical Center, 800 Washington St, Box 178, Boston, MA 02111, United States. Electronic address:

Background: While open approaches have historically been used in the surgical treatment of intradural-extramedullary spine tumors, minimally-invasive surgical (MIS) techniques are frequently applied to minimize post-operative complications associated with open surgery. Tubular retractor systems in particular have been employed in combination with the unilateral hemilaminectomy (UHL) approach. Here we describe the use of a Williams retractor as a safe and effective minimally-invasive alternative to tubular retractor systems with similar post-operative outcomes. Read More

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Cortical Motor Planning and Biomechanical Stability During Unplanned Jump-Landings in Males With ACL-Reconstruction.

J Athl Train 2021 Jul 30. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

*Goethe University, Frankfurt am Main, Germany.

Context: Athletes with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction exhibit increased cortical motor planning during simple sensorimotor tasks compared to healthy controls. This may interfere with proper decision-making during time-constrained movements elevating the re-injury risk.

Objective: To compare cortical motor planning and biomechanical stability during jump-landings between participants with ACL-reconstruction and healthy individuals. Read More

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Navigation of iliac crest graft harvest using markerless augmented reality and cutting guide technology: A pilot study.

Int J Med Robot 2021 Jul 30:e2318. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University Hospital RWTH Aachen, Pauwelsstraße 30, D-52074, Aachen, Germany.

Background: Defects of the facial skeleton often require complex reconstruction with vascularized grafts. This trial elucidated the usability, visual perception and accuracy of a markerless augmented reality (AR)-guided navigation for harvesting iliac crest transplants.

Methods: Random CT scans were used to virtually plan two common transplant configurations on ten iliac crest models, each printed four times. Read More

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Quality of referrals for glaucoma assessment: a cross-sectional survey of clinical data and outcomes.

Int Ophthalmol 2021 Jul 30. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

Department of Ophthalmology, Lahey Hospital and Medical Center, One Essex Center Drive, Peabody, MA, 01960, USA.

Purpose: This study assessed the completeness of clinical information provided by ophthalmological and optometric referrals to glaucoma specialists consulting for open-angle glaucoma (OAG).

Methods: A retrospective, cross-sectional study of 72 internal referrals for evaluation of OAG in a multispecialty group practice was performed. The quality of the referral was assessed based on: (1) the completeness of the clinical triad of intraocular pressure measurement, visual field (VF), and cup-to-disk ratio for each eye; (2) the availability of the data necessary to calculate an ocular hypertension treatment study (OHTS) score; and (3) the presence of retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) imaging by mean of optical coherence tomography. Read More

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Temporal vision: measures, mechanisms and meaning.

Kristian Donner

J Exp Biol 2021 Jul 30;224(15). Epub 2021 Jul 30.

Molecular and Integrative Biosciences Research Programme, Faculty of Biological and Environmental Sciences, University of Helsinki, 00014 Helsinki, Finland.

Time is largely a hidden variable in vision. It is the condition for seeing interesting things such as spatial forms and patterns, colours and movements in the external world, and yet is not meant to be noticed in itself. Temporal aspects of visual processing have received comparatively little attention in research. Read More

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Visual and Ocular Characteristics of eSports Participants.

Optom Vis Sci 2021 Jul;98(7):771-776

Human Performance Collaborative, The Ohio State University, Office of Research, Columbus, Ohio.

Significance: The popularity of competitive video game play is growing rapidly. Little is known about the ocular characteristics of esports participants. Refractive error and binocular measures in young adult gamers were similar to population norms. Read More

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Pre-participation Vision Screening and Comprehensive Eye Care in National Collegiate Athletic Association Athletes.

Optom Vis Sci 2021 Jul;98(7):764-770

Department of Optometry and Vision Science, School of Optometry, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama.

Significance: Pre-participation physical evaluation and its vision screenings have been the mainstay of medical clearance for competitive play for decades. The ability of screening to address athlete's sports-specific vision needs is unknown.

Methods: Fifty-eight intercollegiate football players consented to participate in a comprehensive, sports-specific eye examination in addition to the standard pre-participation vision screening. Read More

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Review: Approaches to Visual-motor Control in Baseball Batting.

Rob Gray

Optom Vis Sci 2021 Jul;98(7):738-749

Significance: This review evaluates model-based online approaches to visual-motor control in baseball batting in light of research studies on this topic.Throughout the history of research on baseball batting, there has been a presumptive winner in terms of how visual-motor control occurs for this complex skill. Because of the severe time constraints and the short duration of the action, it has been assumed that a baseball swing must involve model-based control. Read More

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Sensory coding and the causal impact of mouse cortex in a visual decision.

Elife 2021 Jul 30;10. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

UCL Queen Square Institute of Neurology, University College London, London, London, United Kingdom.

Correlates of sensory stimuli and motor actions are found in multiple cortical areas, but such correlates do not indicate whether these areas are causally relevant to task performance. We trained mice to discriminate visual contrast and report their decision by steering a wheel. Widefield calcium imaging and Neuropixels recordings in cortex revealed stimulus-related activity in visual (VIS) and frontal (MOs) areas, and widespread movement-related activity across the whole dorsal cortex. Read More

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Long-term stability of cortical ensembles.

Elife 2021 Jul 30;10. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

Department of Biological Sciences, Columbia University, New York, United States.

Neuronal ensembles, coactive groups of neurons found in spontaneous and evoked cortical activity, are causally related to memories and perception, but it still unknown how stable or flexible they are over time. We used two-photon multiplane calcium imaging to track over weeks the activity of the same pyramidal neurons in layer 2/3 of the visual cortex from awake mice and recorded their spontaneous and visually evoked responses. Less than half of the neurons were commonly active across any two imaging sessions. Read More

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Time course effect of corticospinal excitability for motor imagery.

Eur J Neurosci 2021 Jul 30. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

Division of Physical Therapy Science, Graduate Course of Health and Social Work, Kanagawa University of Human Services, Yokosuka, Kanagawa, Japan.

This study examined the effect of temporal changes in corticospinal excitability in motor imagery (MI) and the effect of real-time guides for MI on excitability changes. The MI task involved wrist flexion and motor evoked potentials using transcranial magnetic stimulation were recorded and examined from the flexor carpi radialis. Ballistic (momentary MI) and tonic (continuous MI) conditions were used, and the duration of each MI was different. Read More

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Take a picture! The role of visual methods in understanding psychiatric patient's everyday life.

Acta Biomed 2021 Jul 29;92(S2):e2021028. Epub 2021 Jul 29.


Background And Aim: Understanding the patient's experience of mental illness can foster better support for this population and greater partnership with healthcare professionals. This study aims to explore the application of visual methods in the psychiatric field and, in particular, the experience of people suffering from psychotic disorders because it is still an open question that has not been only partially empirically examined.

Methods: This qualitative study was conducted using two visual methods (auto-photography and photo-elicitation) associated with the narrative that emerged from an unstructured interview, in a clinical setting of adult Mental Health in Italy, between October 2019 and February 2020. Read More

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The glaucoma intensive treatment study: interim results from an ongoing longitudinal randomized clinical trial.

Acta Ophthalmol 2021 Jul 29. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Department of Clinical Sciences, Ophthalmology, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.

Purpose: The aim of the study was to determine the perimetric rate of glaucoma progression in the ongoing Glaucoma Intensive Treatment Study (GITS) after 3 years of follow-up.

Design: This is a randomized, two-centre, prospective open-labelled treatment trial for open-angle glaucoma (OAG).

Participants: The participants of this study were treatment-naive patients with newly diagnosed OAG, aged 46-78 years, with early to moderate glaucomatous visual field loss scheduled to be followed for 5 years within the study. Read More

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Clinical and radiological outcomes of endoscopic foraminoplasty and decompression assisted with preoperative planning software for lumbar foraminal stenosis.

Int J Comput Assist Radiol Surg 2021 Jul 29. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Department of Spine Surgery, Changzheng Hospital, Second Military Medical University, 415 Fengyang Road, Shanghai, 200003, People's Republic of China.

Purpose: To assess the clinical and radiological outcomes of using endoscopic foraminoplasty and decompression assisted with a preoperative planning software in the treatment of lumbar foraminal stenosis.

Methods: This retrospective study included 43 patients with lumbar foraminal stenosis (Jan 2018 and June 2019). These patients were divided into two groups. Read More

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Effects of age, word frequency, and noise on the time course of spoken word recognition.

Collabra Psychol 2020 23;6(1). Epub 2020 Nov 23.

Department of Otolaryngology, Washington University in St. Louis.

This study assessed the effects of age, word frequency, and background noise on the time course of lexical activation during spoken word recognition. Participants (41 young adults and 39 older adults) performed a visual world word recognition task while we monitored their gaze position. On each trial, four phonologically unrelated pictures appeared on the screen. Read More

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November 2020

The Epidemiological Profile of Open Globe Injuries and Prognostic Factors in a Tertiary Care Centre.

Cureus 2021 Jun 22;13(6):e15846. Epub 2021 Jun 22.

Ophthalmology, Pusat Perubatan Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala lumpur, MYS.

Purpose To describe the epidemiology of open globe injuries and its prognostic factors from the perspectives of a tertiary care centre in northern Malaysia. Methods A retrospective study of open globe injuries in a period of three years between June 2017 and May 2020. Patients presenting with open globe injuries were identified and recruited from hospital census. Read More

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Outcomes and Complications of Sutured Scleral-Fixated Foldable Intraocular Lens Implantation: A Retrospective Study of 5-Year Follow-Up.

J Ophthalmol 2021 16;2021:5525064. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Ophthalmology Department, Xiapu Funing County Hospital, Ningde 352000, China.

Purpose: To evaluate long-term outcomes and complications of sutured scleral-fixated foldable intraocular lens (IOL) implantation.

Design: Retrospective study.

Methods: Patients who underwent sutured scleral-fixated foldable IOL implantation using 10-0 polypropylene suture were followed up for at least 5 years at one Chinese tertiary hospital and two primary hospitals. Read More

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Expression and role of P-element-induced wimpy testis-interacting RNA in diabetic-retinopathy in mice.

World J Diabetes 2021 Jul;12(7):1116-1130

Department of Ophthalmology, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang 110004, Liaoning Province, China.

Background: As one of the major microvascular complications of diabetes, diabetic retinopathy (DR) is the leading cause of blindness in the working age population. Because the extremely complex pathogenesis of DR has not been fully clarified, the occurrence and development of DR is closely related to tissue ischemia and hypoxia and neovascularization The formation of retinal neovascularization (RNV) has great harm to the visual acuity of patients.

Aim: To investigate the expression of P-element-induced wimpy testis-interacting RNA (piRNA) in proliferative DR mice and select piRNA related to RNV. Read More

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The pictures who shall not be named: Empirical support for benefits of preview in the Visual World Paradigm.

J Mem Lang 2021 Dec 10;121. Epub 2021 Jul 10.

Dept. of Psychological and Brain Sciences University of Iowa.

A common critique of the Visual World Paradigm (VWP) in psycholinguistic studies is that what is designed as a measure of language processes is meaningfully altered by the visual context of the task. This is crucial, particularly in studies of spoken word recognition, where the displayed images are usually seen as just a part of the measure and are not of fundamental interest. Many variants of the VWP allow participants to sample the visual scene before a trial begins. Read More

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December 2021

Tubulointerstitial nephritis and uveitis in Northern Ireland.

Eye (Lond) 2021 Jul 29. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Belfast Health and Social Care Trust, Belfast, UK.

Objectives: This paper looks at patients with a diagnosis of tubulointerstitial nephritis and uveitis (TINU) presenting to the Northern Ireland regional adult and paediatric uveitis service in the Belfast Health and Social Care Trust. The demographic distribution, treatment required and the visual and renal outcomes of these patients are documented.

Methods: Data were collected retrospectively on 24 patients with TINU using the Northern Ireland Electronic Care Record, central pathology records alongside the adult and paediatric uveitis databases from 2011 to 2021. Read More

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Effects of Text Enhancement on Reduction of Look-Alike Drug Name Confusion: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

Qual Manag Health Care 2021 Jul 28. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

School of Design, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong, China (Dr Wang); Institute of Human Factors and Ergonomics, College of Mechatronics and Control Engineering, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen, China (Dr Tao); and School of Intelligent Systems Science and Engineering, Jinan University (Zhuhai Campus), Zhuhai, China (Dr Yan).

Background And Objectives: Drug name confusion induced by look-alike drug names represents a serious health care management problem in practice. Text enhancement by changing visual attributes of look-alike drug names has been proposed and widely applied in practice to mitigate drug name confusion. However, the effectiveness of text enhancement on reducing drug name confusion is yet to be determined. Read More

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Linear integration of sensory evidence over space and time underlies face categorization.

J Neurosci 2021 Jul 29. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Center for Neural Science, New York University, New York, NY 10003, USA

Visual object recognition relies on elaborate sensory processes that transform retinal inputs to object representations, but it also requires decision-making processes that read out object representations and function over prolonged time scales. The computational properties of these decision-making processes remain underexplored for object recognition. Here, we study these computations by developing a stochastic multi-feature face categorization task. Read More

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Isolated optic neuropathy due to folate deficiency with associated iron overload.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Jul 29;14(7). Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Clinical Sciences, Florida State University College of Medicine, Tallahassee, Florida, USA

Isolated optic neuropathy due to folate deficiency is rarely reported. Poor dietary practices, malabsorption, and tobacco/alcohol abuse are usually responsible. We examined a patient with blinding optic neuropathies and isolated folic acid deficiency. Read More

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Quantitative assessment of atherosclerotic plaque, recent progress and current limitations.

J Cardiovasc Comput Tomogr 2021 Jul 16. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY, USA.

An important advantage of computed tomography coronary angiography (CCTA) is its ability to visualize the presence and severity of atherosclerotic plaque, rather than just assessing coronary artery stenoses. Until recently, assessment of plaque subtypes on CCTA relied on visual assessment of the extent of calcified/non-calcified plaque, or visually identifying high-risk plaque characteristics. Recent software developments facilitate the quantitative assessment of plaque volume or burden on CCTA, and the identification of subtypes of plaque based on their attenuation density. Read More

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Are Hindfoot Procedures More Painful Than Forefoot?-A Prospective, Observational Study in Elective Foot and Ankle Surgery.

J Foot Ankle Surg 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Academic Team of Musculoskeletal Surgery (AToMS) Leicester General Hospital, Leicester, UK.

Pain after lower limb orthopedic surgery can be severe. Poorly controlled pain is associated with adverse outcomes. Peripheral nerve blocks (PNB) have become popular in foot and ankle surgery for their effective pain control and low complication rates. Read More

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The impact of video-assisted education on quality of life of women with breast cancer receiving chemotherapy treatment.

Contemp Nurse 2021 Jul 30:1-28. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

Prof. Dr., Phd, RN, Gazi University Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Nursing, Ankara, Turkey,

Background: The most common cancer in women worldwide is breast cancer and the incidence is increasing. The education given in this process will contribute to better cope with the problems that may be experienced and to improve self-management skills, thus to the improvement in the quality of life.

Aim/objectives: This study aimed to determine the effect of video-assisted education on quality of life of women with breast cancer who received chemotherapy treatment for the first time. Read More

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Survey of the operational status of twenty-six urban stormwater biofilter facilities in Sweden.

J Environ Manage 2021 Jul 26;297:113375. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Dept. of Civil, Environmental, and Natural Resources Engineering, Luleå Univ. of Technology, 97187, Luleå, Sweden. Electronic address:

This study evaluates the operational status of twenty-six biofilter facilities across nine cities in Sweden, with respect to their functional design criteria, engineered design features (filter media composition, hydraulic conductivity, and drawdown time), and includes a visual inspection of the biofilter components (pre-treatment, in/outlet structures, filter media, and vegetation). These indicators were used to examine the performance level of each biofilter in achieving their design objectives set by the operators. Furthermore, it was investigated whether the biofilter facilities had been properly maintained to meet the objectives. Read More

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Carotid Atherosclerosis and Longitudinal Changes of MRI Visual Rating Measures in Stroke Survivors: A Seven-Year Follow-Up Study.

J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis 2021 Jul 26;30(10):106010. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Bærum Hospital- Vestre Viken Hospital Trust, Department of Medicine, Drammen, Norway; Oslo Stroke Unit, Department of Neurology, Oslo University Hospital, Ullevål, Norway.

Objectives: We aimed to assess longitudinal changes in MRI measures of brain atrophy and white matter lesions in stroke and transient ischemic attack (TIA) survivors, and explore whether carotid stenosis predicts progression of these changes, assessed by visual rating scales.

Materials And Methods: All patients with a first-ever stroke or TIA admitted to Bærum Hospital, Norway, in 2007/2008, were invited in the acute phase and followed for seven years. Carotid ultrasound was performed during the hospital stay. Read More

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Semi-supervised learning with progressive unlabeled data excavation for label-efficient surgical workflow recognition.

Med Image Anal 2021 Jul 8;73:102158. Epub 2021 Jul 8.

Department of Computer Science and Engineering, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong; T Stone Robotics Institute, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong.

Surgical workflow recognition is a fundamental task in computer-assisted surgery and a key component of various applications in operating rooms. Existing deep learning models have achieved promising results for surgical workflow recognition, heavily relying on a large amount of annotated videos. However, obtaining annotation is time-consuming and requires the domain knowledge of surgeons. Read More

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