83,916 results match your criteria thyroid cancer

Artificial intelligence in ultrasound.

Eur J Radiol 2021 Apr 12;139:109717. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Medical Ultrasound, Shanghai Tenth People's Hospital, Ultrasound Research and Education Institute, Tongji University School of Medicine, Tongji University Cancer Center, Shanghai Engineering Research Center of Ultrasound Diagnosis and Treatment, National Clnical Research Center of Interventional Medicine, Shanghai, 200072, PR China. Electronic address:

Ultrasound (US), a flexible green imaging modality, is expanding globally as a first-line imaging technique in various clinical fields following with the continual emergence of advanced ultrasonic technologies and the well-established US-based digital health system. Actually, in US practice, qualified physicians should manually collect and visually evaluate images for the detection, identification and monitoring of diseases. The diagnostic performance is inevitably reduced due to the intrinsic property of high operator-dependence from US. Read More

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Increased risk of secondary lung cancer in patients with tuberculosis: A nationwide, population-based cohort study.

PLoS One 2021 7;16(5):e0250531. Epub 2021 May 7.

Division of Clinical Pathology, Department of Pathology, Tri-Service General Hospital, National Defense Medical Center, Taipei, Taiwan.

Background: Tuberculosis (TB) presents a global threat in the world and the lung is the frequent site of metastatic focus. A previous study demonstrated that TB might increase primary lung cancer risk by two-fold for more than 20 years after the TB diagnosis. However, no large-scale study has evaluated the risk of TB and secondary lung cancer. Read More

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Open-Label, Single-Arm, Multicenter, Phase II Trial of Lenvatinib for the Treatment of Patients With Anaplastic Thyroid Cancer.

J Clin Oncol 2021 May 7:JCO2003093. Epub 2021 May 7.

The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX.

Purpose: Anaplastic thyroid cancer (ATC), an aggressive malignancy, is associated with a poor prognosis and an unmet need for effective treatment, especially for patients without mutations or or fusions. Lenvatinib is US Food and Drug Administration-approved for radioiodine-refractory differentiated thyroid cancer and has previously demonstrated activity in a small study of patients with ATC (n = 17). We aimed to further evaluate lenvatinib in ATC. Read More

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Associations between essential microelements exposure and the aggressive clinicopathologic characteristics of papillary thyroid cancer.

Biometals 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Anhui Medical University, Hefei, 230032, Anhui, China.

Aim of this study was to evaluate the association between multiple essential microelements exposure and the aggressive clinicopathologic characteristics of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). The concentrations of 10 essential microelements in urine [cobalt (Co), chromium (Cr), copper (Cu), iron (Fe), manganese (Mn), molybdenum (Mo), selenium (Se), strontium (Sr), zinc (Zn), and iodine (I)] were measured in 608 patients newly diagnosed with PTC, including 154 males and 454 females. Chi square test and Wilcoxon rank sum test were used to compare general characteristics among males and females. Read More

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NRAS Q61R Immunohistochemical Staining in Thyroid Pathology: Sensitivity, Specificity and Utility.

Histopathology 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Pathology, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY, USA.

Background: The diagnosis of thyroid neoplasms relies on the demonstration of histologic parameters that can be focal and prone to subjective interpretation. We evaluated the utility of NRAS Q61R immunohistochemistry (IHC) in the diagnosis of thyroid lesions after determining its specificity and sensitivity as a surrogate marker for RAS Q61R mutation.

Design: NRAS Q61R IHC was performed on 282 primary or metastatic thyroid lesions from 256 patients. Read More

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Lenvatinib-related renal microangiopathy: a case series.

Virchows Arch 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Pathology, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Tyrosine kinase inhibitors play an important role in the armamentarium against cancer. Lenvatinib is a multiple kinase inhibitor approved by the Food and Drugs Administration (FDA) for the treatment of advanced and radioresistant thyroid carcinomas and, in combination with everolimus, for renal cell carcinoma and unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma. The anti-tumoral activity is largely dependent on inhibition of neo-angiogenesis, and established side effects of anti-angiogenetic therapeutics include renal thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA). Read More

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CXCL1 Clone Evolution Induced by the HDAC Inhibitor Belinostat Might Be a Favorable Prognostic Indicator in Triple-Negative Breast Cancer.

Biomed Res Int 2021 17;2021:5089371. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Biomedical Research Institute, Shenzhen Peking University-The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology Medical Center, Shenzhen, Guangdong 518036, China.

Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is the most lethal subtype of breast cancer due to its lack of treatment options. Patients with TNBC frequently develop resistance to chemotherapy. As epigenetic-based antineoplastic drugs, histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACis) have achieved particular efficacy in lymphoma but are less efficacious in solid tumors, and the resistance mechanism remains poorly understood. Read More

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A Pro-Tumorigenic Effect of Heparanase 2 (Hpa2) in Thyroid Carcinoma Involves Its Localization to the Nuclear Membrane.

Front Oncol 2021 20;11:645524. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Carmel Medical Center, Haifa, Israel.

Activity of the endo-beta-glucuronidase heparanase, capable of cleaving heparan sulfate (HS), is most often elevated in many types of tumors, associating with increased tumor metastasis and decreased patients' survival. Heparanase is therefore considered to be a valid drug target, and heparanase inhibitors are being evaluated clinically in cancer patients. Heparanase 2 (Hpa2) is a close homolog of heparanase that gained very little attention, likely because it lacks HS-degrading activity typical of heparanase. Read More

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Lenvatinib-induced multiorgan adverse events in Hurthle cell thyroid cancer: A case report.

World J Clin Oncol 2021 Apr;12(4):272-281

Department of Medicine, King Faisal Specialist Hospital, Research Centre, Al Faisal University, Riyadh 12713, Saudi Arabia.

Background: The management of metastatic progressive radioiodine-resistant differentiated thyroid cancer remains challenging for clinicians. The availability of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs), sorafenib and lenvatinib, within the last decade has expanded treatment options; however, these lead to significant adverse effects, which may curtail their use.

Case Summary: We report the case of a 47-year-old female with Hurthle cell thyroid cancer who underwent total thyroidectomy followed by radioiodine ablation. Read More

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Increased incidence of malignancy in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism.

Turk J Med Sci 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Background: Primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) is a disease that is diagnosed more frequently and generally in the asymptomatic period, with the widely available biochemical tests. Evidence suggesting an association between PHPT and malignancy risk is increasing. Clarification of this association will be useful in PHPT for malignancy screening and management of patients with PHPT. Read More

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Dual thyroid ectopia with submental thyroid excision using Sistrunk procedure: A case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 Apr 27;82:105909. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Head and Neck Unit, Westmead Hospital, 166-174 Hawkesbury Road, Westmead, NSW 2145, Australia.

Introduction And Importance: Having two or more sites of simultaneous ectopic thyroid tissue is a rare phenomenon. Thyroid ectopia should be considered in congenital hypothyroidism where no eutopic thyroid gland is found.

Case Presentation: This case describes an incidental finding of dual ectopic thyroid tissue on computer tomography scan in an adult with known congenital hypothyroidism that was previously attributed to thyroid agenesis. Read More

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Potential gains: Comparison of a mono-isocentric three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3D-CRT) planning technique to hybrid intensity-modulated radiotherapy (hIMRT) to the whole breast and supraclavicular fossa (SCF) region.

J Med Radiat Sci 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Northern Sydney Cancer Centre, Royal North Shore Hospital, St Leonards, NSW, Australia.

Introduction: Until late 2018, standard of practice at the Northern Sydney Cancer Centre (NSCC) for breast and nodal treatment was a conformal mono-isocentric technique. A planning study comparing an existing mono-isocentric three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3D-CRT) planning technique to a hybrid intensity-modulated radiotherapy (hIMRT) approach for the whole breast and supraclavicular fossa (SCF) region was undertaken with the aim to improve plan quality by improving dose conformity/homogeneity across target volumes and reducing hotspots outside the target.

Methods: A cohort of 17 patients was retrospectively planned using the proposed hIMRT technique, keeping the same planning constraints as the original treated breast and SCF 3D-CRT plan and normalising the 3D-CRT plans to achieve minimum breast/SCF target coverage to compare organs at risk (OARs). Read More

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A Prognostic Risk Stratification Model to Identify Potential Population Benefiting From Postmastectomy Radiotherapy in T1-2 Breast Cancer With 1-3 Positive Axillary Lymph Nodes.

Front Oncol 2021 19;11:640268. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Department of Thyroid, Breast and Vascular Surgery, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, China.

Background And Objectives: To establish a prognostic stratification nomogram for T1-2 breast cancer with 1-3 positive lymph nodes to determine which patients can benefit from postmastectomy radiotherapy (PMRT).

Methods: A population-based study was conducted utilizing data collected from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database. Chi-square test or Fisher exact test was used to compare the distribution of characteristics. Read More

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TAP Test Image Dynamic Tracking Study after Thyroid Cancer Surgery and after Radiotherapy and Chemotherapy.

Comput Math Methods Med 2021 16;2021:8072126. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Weifang Brain Hospital Emergency Department, Shandong 261041, China.

Thyroid cancer is a relatively common endocrine gland malignant tumor; if improper treatment, there will be a high risk of recurrence or metastasis, and abnormal sugar chain glycoprotein (TAP) has a close relationship with the development of the disease; therefore, the purpose of this article is to discuss abnormal sugar chain glycoprotein (TAP) as thyroid cancer curative effect evaluation and radiation and chemotherapy after surgery clinical significance. In this paper, 95 patients with thyroid cancer diagnosed in a hospital were selected as the study objects and treated as the observation group. The clinical and follow-up data of the observation group were retrospectively analyzed. Read More

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Duration of Parathyroid Function Recovery in Patients With Protracted Hypoparathyroidism After Total Thyroidectomy for Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma.

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2021 19;12:665190. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Department of Ultrasound, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China.

Purpose: The aim of the present study is to investigate the time to recovery of parathyroid function in patients with protracted hypoparathyroidism at 1 month after total thyroidectomy of papillary thyroid carcinoma.

Materials And Methods: Adult patients who underwent total thyroidectomy for papillary thyroid cancer were included. Cases of long-term hypoparathyroidism were studied for recovery of parathyroid function during the follow-up. Read More

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Thyroid Stem Cells But Not Differentiated Thyrocytes Are Sensitive to Slightly Increased Concentrations of Heavy Metals.

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2021 19;12:652675. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Endocrinology, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Garibaldi-Nesima Medical Center, Catania, Italy.

Thyroid cancer incidence is markedly increased in volcanic areas where residents are biocontaminated by chronic lifelong exposure to slightly increased metals in the environment. Metals can influence the biology of living cells by a variety of mechanisms, depending not only on the dose and length of exposure but also on the type and stage of differentiation of target cells. We explored the effect of five heavy metals (Cu, Hg, Pd, W and Zn) at nanomolar concentrations (the biocontamination level in residents of the volcanic area in Sicily where thyroid cancer is increased) on stimulating the proliferation of undifferentiated (thyrospheres) and differentiated human thyroid cells. Read More

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Targeting a novel LncRNA SNHG15/miR-451/c-Myc signaling cascade is effective to hamper the pathogenesis of breast cancer (BC) in vitro and in vivo.

Cancer Cell Int 2021 Mar 31;21(1):186. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Department of Breast and Thyroid Surgery, The 3rd Affiliated Teaching Hospital of Xinjiang Medical University (Affiliated Cancer Hospital), Suzhou East Street No. 789, Xinshi District, Urumqi, 830011, Xinjiang, China.

Background: To our knowledge, LncRNA SNHG15 exerted its tumor-promoting effects to facilitate the development of breast cancer (BC), but there still needed more data to elucidate the potential underlying mechanisms.

Methods: We examined genes expression status by performing Real-Time qPCR and Western Blot analysis, and cellular functions, including cell proliferation, viability, apoptosis, mobility, were measured by using the CCK-8 assay, colony formation assay, trypan blue staining assay, flow cytometer (FCM), transwell assay and wound scratch assay, respectively. The predicted targeting sites in LncRNA SNHG15, miR-451 and c-Myc 3'UTR were validated by dual-luciferase reporter gene system assay. Read More

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Breast surgery for young women with early-stage breast cancer: Mastectomy or breast-conserving therapy?

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 May;100(18):e25880

Department of General Surgery.

Abstract: Whether breast-conserving therapy (BCT) should be chosen as a local treatment for young women with early-stage breast cancer is controversial. This study compared the survival benefits of BCT or mastectomy in young women under 40 with early-stage breast cancer and further explored age-stratified outcomes. This study investigated whether there is a survival benefit when young women undergo BCT compared with mastectomy. Read More

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Treatment strategies and predicting lymph node metastasis in elderly patients with papillary thyroid microcarcinoma.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 May;100(18):e25811

Department of Surgical Oncology, Shaanxi Provincial People's Hospital.

Abstract: This study aims to explore the prognostic variables for elderly papillary thyroid microcarcinoma (PTMC) patients as well as create a nomogram that could predict the occurrence of cervical lymph node metastasis (CLNM) on the basis of a large population database with high quality.A total of 5165 PTMC patients from Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database database were enrolled in the study. In the meantime, we retrospectively collected 205 PTMC patients who underwent thyroidectomy in our medical center as an external control to test the accuracy of the model. Read More

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Dietary Vitamin K Intake and the Risk of Pancreatic Cancer: A Prospective Study of 101695 American Adults.

Am J Epidemiol 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China.

No epidemiological studies have been conducted to assess the association of dietary vitamin K intake with the risk of pancreatic cancer. We used prospective data from the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal, and Ovarian Cancer Screening Trial between 1993 and 2009 to fill this gap. A total of 101695 subjects were identified. Read More

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Benefits and harms of hemithyroidectomy, total or near total thyroidectomy in 1-4cm differentiated thyroid cancer.

Clin Endocrinol (Oxf) 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Endocrinology and Diabetes, the First Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University, Xiamen, China.

Objective: For 1-4cm differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC), current ATA guideline recommended hemithyroidectomy (HT) as an acceptable alternative initial procedure to total or near total thyroidectomy (TT). The aim of this study was to evaluate benefits and harms of HT, TT in 1-4cm DTC.

Methods: In this retrospective cohort study, DTC patients who underwent initial thyroidectomy in a tertiary medical center were included. Read More

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CIP2A silencing alleviates doxorubicin resistance in MCF7/ADR cells through activating PP2A and autophagy.

Z Zhu Z Wei

Clin Transl Oncol 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Thyroid and Breast Department, Cangzhou Central Hospital, No.16 Xinhua West Rd, Cangzhou city, Hebei Province, 061000, China.

Background: Cancerous inhibitor of protein phosphatase 2A (CIP2A) plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of various types of cancer. Here, we investigated whether manipulating CIP2A abundance could enhance the treatment effects of doxorubicin in MCF-7/ADR cells.

Methods: CIP2A silencing was achieved by specific siRNAs. Read More

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Targeted radioimmunotherapy with the iodine-131-labeled caerin 1.1 peptide for human anaplastic thyroid cancer in nude mice.

Ann Nucl Med 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Nuclear Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital/Clinical Medical School, Guangdong Pharmaceutical University, Guangzhou, 510080, Guangdong, China.

Objective: The combination of two or more drugs with different mechanisms is a promising strategy for cancer treatment, and radioimmunotherapy (RIT) is a trending antitumor strategy. Radiotherapy (RT) can promote and activate antitumor immune effects, and immunotherapy can strengthen the effects of selective internal radiotherapy (SIRT); the RIT combination is synergistic and can overcome the adverse side effects of monotherapy. In this study, we developed a radioimmunoconjugate (RIC)-the iodine-131 (I)-labeled caerin 1. Read More

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Editorial: Time to Surgery and Thyroid Cancer Survival in the United States.

Ann Surg Oncol 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Surgery, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

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Weathering the Storm: Thyroid Storm Precipitated by Radioiodine Contrast in Metastatic Thyroid Carcinoma.

Cureus 2021 Mar 31;13(3):e14219. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Detroit Medical Center Sinai-Grace Hospital, Detroit, USA.

Thyroid storm is an extremely rare yet life-threatening medical emergency. It results from the decompensation of undiagnosed or undertreated hyperthyroidism in the presence of an acute stressor such as trauma to the thyroid, infections, acute iodine load, withdrawal from the antithyroid medication, or surgical procedures (including thyroid surgery). Clinical features of thyroid storm include hyperthermia, tachycardia, respiratory distress, gastrointestinal and hepatic symptoms, and central nervous system dysfunction. Read More

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PET/CT Variants and Pitfalls in Head and Neck Cancers Including Thyroid Cancer.

Semin Nucl Med 2021 May 1. Epub 2021 May 1.

Department of Radiology, St Vincent's University Hospital, Elm Park, Dublin 4, Ireland; UCD - SVUH PET CT Research Centre, St Vincent's University Hospital, Elm Park, Dublin 4, Ireland.

PET/CT imaging is a dual-modality diagnostic technology that merges metabolic and structural imaging. There are several currently available radiotracers, but F-FDG is the most commonly utilized due to its widespread availability. F-FDG PET/CT is a cornerstone of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma imaging. Read More

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Changes in Thyroid Stimulating Hormone Receptor Antibody Levels Following Total Thyroidectomy or Radioiodine Therapy in Patients with Refractory Graves' Disease.

Thyroid 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Samsung Medical Center, 36626, Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Medicine, Gangnam-gu, Seoul, Korea (the Republic of).

Background: The actions of thyrotropin-binding inhibitory immunoglobulins (TBIIs) against thyrotropin receptors in thyroid follicular cells have been studied as important etiological factors in Graves' disease (GD). The purpose of this study was to investigate changes in the TBII levels of patients undergoing total thyroidectomy (TTx) or radioactive iodine (RAI) therapy for GD refractory to antithyroid drugs (ATD).

Methods: We enrolled patients who underwent TTx or RAI for GD with previous ATD use between January 2011 and December 2017 at the Samsung Seoul Hospital in Seoul, Korea. Read More

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Analyses of the Association between Thyroid Cancer and Osteoporosis/Fracture Histories: A Cross-Sectional Study Using KoGES HEXA Data.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Apr 29;18(9). Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Hallym University College of Medicine, Anyang 14103, Korea.

(1) Background: The purpose of this study was to determine the association among thyroid cancer, osteoporosis and fracture history. (2) Methods: The data collected from 2004 through 2016 for the Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study were retrieved. For a total of 1349 participants with thyroid cancer and 163,629 control participants, the odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of osteoporosis and fracture history were evaluated using a logistic regression model. Read More

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Genetics of Familial Non-Medullary Thyroid Carcinoma (FNMTC).

Cancers (Basel) 2021 Apr 30;13(9). Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Unit of Medical Genetics, Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences; University of Bologna, 40138 Bologna, Italy.

Non-medullary thyroid carcinoma (NMTC) is the most frequent endocrine tumor and originates from the follicular epithelial cells of the thyroid. Familial NMTC (FNMTC) has been defined in pedigrees where two or more first-degree relatives of the patient present the disease in absence of other predisposing environmental factors. Compared to sporadic cases, FNMTCs are often multifocal, recurring more frequently and showing an early age at onset with a worse outcome. Read More

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