81,124 results match your criteria thromboembolism


Statin therapy and the incidence of thromboembolism and vascular events following liver transplantation.

Liver Transpl 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

Mayo Clinic Arizona, Phoenix, AZ, USA.

Statin therapy may reduce the risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE), which may impact solid organ transplant outcomes. We evaluated the incidence of VTE and other complications after liver transplantation stratified by hyperlipidemia status and statin use using a retrospective cohort study approach from a high-volume liver transplant center. We reviewed all primary orthotopic liver transplant (OLT) records from January 2014-December 2019 from our center. Read More

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Primary pulmonary artery sarcoma versus pulmonary thromboembolism: a multimodal imaging comparison.

J Thromb Thrombolysis 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Gonda Vascular Center, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN, 55905, USA.

Primary pulmonary artery sarcoma (PPAS) is a rare malignancy that is commonly mistaken for pulmonary embolism due to similarities in clinical presentation and radiographic findings. Distinct radiographic findings to help differentiate between the two diseases are highlighted in the case presented. (1) Several nuances in various imaging modalities have been identified to help distinguish pulmonary artery sarcoma from pulmonary thromboembolic disease. Read More

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Prevalence of Venous Thromboembolism Following Acute Spinal Cord Injury in an Urban Inner City Hospital.

Int J Spine Surg 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Temple University Department of Orthopedic Surgery and Sports Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Background: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is known to occur at high rates in patients who suffer spinal cord injury (SCI). Large population studies in the United States have shown a prevalence of approximately 4-5%, with some studies suggesting higher prevalence. While the specific mechanism behind increased VTE incidence in the SCI population is unknown, it is likely tied to immobility and functional decline. Read More

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Venous Thromboembolism among Noncritically Ill Hospitalized Children: Key Considerations for the Pediatric Hospital Medicine Specialist.

Semin Thromb Hemost 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Pediatrics, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland.

Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a leading cause of morbidity and preventable harm among noncritically ill hospitalized children. Several clinical factors relevant to the noncritically ill hospitalized child significantly increase the risk of VTE including the presence of central venous catheters, systemic inflammation, and prolonged immobilization. Although risk mitigation strategies have been described, the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of VTE require standardization of institutional practices combined with multidisciplinary collaboration among pediatric hospitalists, hematologists, and other care providers. Read More

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Timing of bleeding and thromboembolism associated with endoscopic submucosal dissection for gastric cancer in Japan.

J Gastroenterol Hepatol 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Gastroenterology, Kanazawa University Hospital.

Objective: This study aimed to reveal the timing of bleeding and thromboembolism associated with endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for early gastric cancer (EGC).

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 10,320 patients who underwent ESD for EGC during November 2013-October 2016. We evaluated overall bleeding rates and their inter-group differences. Read More

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The Impact of Anticoagulation on COVID-19 (SARS CoV-2) Patient Outcomes: A Systematic Review.

J Pharm Pract 2021 May 7:8971900211015055. Epub 2021 May 7.

Florida A&M University College of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Institute of Public Health, Davie, FL, USA.

Background: Emerging data suggest that coagulopathy, cytokine storm, and acute respiratory distress syndrome are associated with the 2019 coronavirus disease (COVID-19). The prevalence of hypercoagulable state in these patients is unknown, but appears to be higher compared to those with other critically ill patients. Elevated D-dimer, large blood vessels clots, deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary embolism and disseminated intravascular coagulation have been reported in patients diagnosed with COVID-19 either on admission or during hospitalization and may be predictors of poor outcomes. Read More

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Diagnostic Value of D-dimer in Detecting Pulmonary Embolism in Patients with Acute COPD Exacerbation.

Tanaffos 2020 Dec;19(4):371-379

Department of Internal Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

Background: Signs and symptoms of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacerbation may overlap with pulmonary embolism. Patients with acute COPD exacerbations have higher level of D-dimer which may D-dimer lead to false detection of pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE). In this study diagnostic value of D-dimer for diagnosis of pulmonary embolism during acute exacerbation in patients with COPD was investigated. Read More

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December 2020

Clinical Utility of Red Cell Distribution Width in Patients with Pleural Effusion.

Tanaffos 2020 Dec;19(4):364-370

Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

Background: The red cell distribution width (RDW) value has been recently recognized as a valuable biomarker in clinical practice. The RDW value has not been evaluated so far in patients with pleural effusion. Thus, this study aimed to investigate whether RDW could distinguish between exudative and transudative pleural effusions. Read More

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December 2020

Interplay between inflammation and thrombosis in cardiovascular pathology.

Nat Rev Cardiol 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Medizinische Klinik und Poliklinik I, University Hospital, LMU Munich, Munich, Germany.

Thrombosis is the most feared complication of cardiovascular diseases and a main cause of death worldwide, making it a major health-care challenge. Platelets and the coagulation cascade are effectively targeted by antithrombotic approaches, which carry an inherent risk of bleeding. Moreover, antithrombotics cannot completely prevent thrombotic events, implicating a therapeutic gap due to a third, not yet adequately addressed mechanism, namely inflammation. Read More

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Antiphospholipid antibodies in COVID-19: a meta-analysis and systematic review.

RMD Open 2021 May;7(2)

Department of Pulmonary/Critical Care, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan, USA

Background: Many studies reported high prevalence of antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) in patients with COVID-19 raising questions about its true prevalence and its clinical impact on the disease course.

Methods: We conducted a meta-analysis and a systematic review to examine the prevalence of aPL and its clinical impact in patients with COVID-19.

Results: 21 studies with a total of 1159 patients were included in our meta-analysis. Read More

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Influence of gender on the clinical outcomes of Asian non-valvular atrial fibrillation patients: insights from the prospective multicentre COOL-AF registry.

BMJ Open 2021 May 6;11(5):e043862. Epub 2021 May 6.

Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Mahidol University Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand.

Objective: To determine the effect of gender on clinical outcomes of Asian non-valvular atrial fibrillation patients.

Design: This is a cohort study.

Setting: 27 university and regional hospitals in Thailand. Read More

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Associations with thrombosis are stronger for antiphosphatidylserine/prothrombin antibodies than for the Sydney criteria antiphospholipid antibody tests in SLE.

Lupus 2021 May 6:9612033211014570. Epub 2021 May 6.

Division of Rheumatology, Department of Medicine Solna, Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.

Objectives: Antiphosphatidylserine/prothrombin complex antibodies (aPS/PT) are risk factors for thrombosis, yet further validation of their clinical relevance in different ethnic groups is required. We investigated the performance of aPS/PT of IgA/G/M isotypes among Sudanese and Swedish systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients.

Methods: Consecutive SLE patients/matched controls from Sudan (n = 91/102) and Sweden (n = 332/163) were included. Read More

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Safety Monitoring of the Janssen (Johnson & Johnson) COVID-19 Vaccine - United States, March-April 2021.

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2021 May 7;70(18):680-684. Epub 2021 May 7.

CDC COVID-19 Response Team.

On February 27, 2021, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued an Emergency Use Authorization (EUA) for Janssen (Ad.26.COV2. Read More

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Alterations of coagulation and fibrinolysis in patients with blunt splenic injury after splenic artery embolization.

J Clin Lab Anal 2021 May 6:e23801. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Emergency Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of USTC, Division of Life Sciences and Medicine, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, China.

Background: Thrombotic complications following splenectomy have been documented. However, there has been sparse literature regarding thrombotic complications following splenic artery embolization (SAE).The objective of this study was to determine changes in coagulation and fibrinolysis and assess the thrombotic risk after SAE in patients with blunt splenic injury (BSI). Read More

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Biopsy of an intracardiac paraganglioma in a dog using a fluoroscopically guided endovascular technique.

J Vet Intern Med 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Pathology, Microbiology, and Immunology, University of California-Davis, Davis, California, USA.

A 10-year-old female spayed mixed breed dog was evaluated for diarrhea and vomiting. Diagnostic imaging demonstrated the presence of an intracardiac mass. A modified Seldinger technique was used to access the right jugular vein, and an endomyocardial biopsy forceps was introduced through a sheath to obtain several biopsies. Read More

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Transplant-associated thrombotic microangiopathy and immune haematological complications following intestine-containing organ transplantation: experience from over 100 consecutive cases.

Br J Haematol 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Gastroenterology, Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Cambridge, UK.

Descriptions of passenger lymphocyte syndrome (PLS), immune cytopenias and transplant-associated thrombotic microangiopathy (TA-TMA) after intestine-containing transplants remain scarce. We describe our centre's experience of these complications from 2007 to 2019. Ninety-six patients received 103 transplants. Read More

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Homoarginine and methylarginines independently predict long-term outcome in patients presenting with suspicion of venous thromboembolism.

Sci Rep 2021 May 5;11(1):9569. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Preventive Cardiology and Preventive Medicine, Center for Cardiology, University Medical Center of the Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, Langenbeckstr. 1, 55131, Mainz, Germany.

Endogenous arginine derivatives homoarginine, asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) and symmetric dimethyarginine (SDMA) are independent mortality predictors in atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (CVD). Our study reports the first analysis, whether homoarginine, ADMA and SDMA predict venous thromboembolism (VTE) recurrence and overall mortality in patients with suspected acute VTE. We assessed serum levels of homoarginine, ADMA and SDMA by LC-MS/MS in 865 individuals from a prospective consecutive cohort of patients with clinical suspicion of VTE. Read More

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Arterial events, venous thromboembolism, thrombocytopenia, and bleeding after vaccination with Oxford-AstraZeneca ChAdOx1-S in Denmark and Norway: population based cohort study.

BMJ 2021 05 5;373:n1114. Epub 2021 May 5.

Pharmacovigilance Research Centre, Department of Drug Design and Pharmacology, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Objective: To assess rates of cardiovascular and haemostatic events in the first 28 days after vaccination with the Oxford-AstraZeneca vaccine ChAdOx1-S in Denmark and Norway and to compare them with rates observed in the general populations.

Design: Population based cohort study.

Setting: Nationwide healthcare registers in Denmark and Norway. Read More

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Screening for the presence of scleroedema adultorum of Buschke in patients with diabetes mellitus: newly diagnosed patients had a high prevalence of dyslipidaemia.

Lipids Health Dis 2021 May 5;20(1):47. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Rheumatology and Immunology, Medical School, University of Pécs, Akác u. 1, Pécs, H-7632, Hungary.

Background: Scleroedema adultorum of Buschke is a rare disorder characterized by fibromucinous thickening of the dermis that manifests mainly at the nape of the neck and on the upper back and shoulders. This study screened patients with diabetes mellitus for skin hardening caused by scleroedema adultorum of Buschke and characterized the clinical and laboratory findings in patients with newly identified cases, with a focus on lipid metabolism abnormalities and vascular complications.

Methods: Out of 113 consecutive patients with diabetes, 11 (9. Read More

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Prevalence of atrial fibrillation and outcomes in older long-term care residents: a systematic review.

Age Ageing 2021 May;50(3):744-757

Department of Cardiovascular and Metabolic Medicine, Institute of Life Course and Medical Sciences, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK.

Background: anticoagulation is integral to stroke prevention for atrial fibrillation (AF), but there is evidence of under-treatment in older people in long-term care (LTC).

Objective: to synthesise evidence on the prevalence and outcomes (stroke, mortality or bleeding) of AF in LTC and the factors associated with the prescription of anticoagulation.

Methods: studies were identified from Medline, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Scopus and Web of Science from inception to 31 October 2019. Read More

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The safety and effectiveness of salvianolate in preventing perioperative venous thromboembolism in China: A PRISMA-compliant meta-analysis based on RCTs.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 May;100(18):e25639

Department of Pharmacy, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University.

Background: Salvianolate, a common drug for stabilizing heart disease and Angina Pectoris, is considered to be off-label for preventing venous thromboembolism (VTE) or anticoagulation at present. However, many clinical studies have showed that salvianolate can effectively inhibit the deep-vein thrombosis (DVT) incidence, and prevent VTE of perioperative patients in the real world in China.

Objective: This analysis aimed to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of salvianolate in preventing VTE in perioperative patients. Read More

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Thromboembolic Complications of Vascular Catheters Used for Pediatric Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy: Prevalence in a Single-Center, Retrospective Cohort.

Pediatr Crit Care Med 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Perioperative Medicine and Intensive Care, Karolinska University Hospital, Huddinge, Stockholm, Sweden. Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Section of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden. Department of Pediatric Perioperative Medicine and Intensive Care, Astrid Lindgren Children's Hospital, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden. Department of Clinical Science Intervention and Technology (CLINTEC), Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Objectives: Pediatric venous thromboembolic events are commonly associated with in situ central venous catheters. The risk for severe venous thromboembolism increases if a larger portion of the vessel lumen is occupied by the central venous catheter. A functioning vascular catheter is required when the continuous renal replacement therapy is used in critically ill children. Read More

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[Postoperative venous thromboembolism prevention].

Authors:
Sylvia Haas

MMW Fortschr Med 2021 Mar;163(Suppl 1):46-53

ehemals Klinikum rechts der Isar TUM, München, München, Germany.

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Soluble P-selectin levels in patients with obstructive sleep apnea: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Internal Medicine, Cancer Hospital of the University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Zhejiang Cancer Hospital, Hangzhou, 310022, China.

Purpose: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients are at increased risk for cardiovascular disease, stroke, atherosclerosis, hypertension, and venous thromboembolism. Elevated soluble P-selectin (sP-selectin) levels are also associated with increased risk of above diseases. But whether sP-selectin levels in OSA patients are higher than their counterparts remain unclear, since previous studies yielded inconsistent results. Read More

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Real-world comparison of direct-acting oral anticoagulants and vitamin K antagonists in chronic kidney disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Expert Rev Hematol 2021 May 5:1-10. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Nephrology, Changxing People's Hospital, Huzhou, Zhejiang Province, P.R. China.

: No clear clinical guidelines exist on anticoagulant use for chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. We compared the efficacy and safety of direct-acting oral anticoagulants (DOACs) vs. vitamin K antagonists (VKA) in patients with CKD by pooling data from real-world observational studies. Read More

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Cerebral Venous Thrombosis in Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia with Severe COVID-19: a Case Report.

SN Compr Clin Med 2021 Apr 30:1-5. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Department of Medicine, Command Hospital, Kolkata, India.

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has brought an unprecedented upheaval in our health-care systems. Amongst the many challenges posed by the disease, increased risk of thromboembolism has presented a distinct new front for increased mortality and morbidity. While there are multiple documented evidences for the same, the exact mechanism, knowledge of groups at-risk, and mitigation strategies are evolving. Read More

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Acute Limb Ischemia as the Initial Severe Presentation in COVID-19.

Cureus 2021 Mar 31;13(3):e14226. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Cardiology, St. Joseph's University Medical Center, Paterson, USA.

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by the novel severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), is characterized by an overwhelming inflammatory response in a subset of patients, resulting in respiratory compromise, multiorgan failure, and death. A common complication seen in patients hospitalized with COVID-19 infections is the development of venous and arterial thromboemboli. This occurs especially in patients who suffer from severe respiratory or systemic manifestations on the COVID-19 spectrum of disease. Read More

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Post-operative oral chemoprophylaxis in patients undergoing hip arthroscopy mitigates VTE risk with a low side-effect profile.

J Hip Preserv Surg 2020 Aug 22;7(3):524-532. Epub 2020 Dec 22.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of the Witwatersrand, Charlotte Maxeke Johannesburg Academic Hospital, Parktown, Johannesburg, 2193, South Africa.

Hip arthroscopy (HA) has increased exponentially over the last decade. A recent systematic review found that the risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) is 2%. This was higher than previous reports which may have underestimated the true incidence of VTE in HA. Read More

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Knowledge, attitude, and practice regarding atrial fibrillation among primary care physicians: the potential role of postgraduate training.

Malays Fam Physician 2021 Mar 7;16(1):39-49. Epub 2021 Feb 7.

MFamMed (UM), FRACGP, FAMM. Professor, Department of Family Medicine, International Medical University, Seremban Campus, Seremban, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia.

Introduction: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is known to lead to stroke and thromboembolism, causing a five-fold increase in the risk of stroke and almost doubling the mortality rate. Optimal anticoagulant therapy is effective in reducing AF-related death. However, prescription of anticoagulants in AF in East Asian countries has been low, ranging from 0. Read More

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