J Mem Lang 2021 Feb 18;116. Epub 2020 Sep 18.
Department of Psychology, Tufts University, Medford, MA USA.
During language comprehension, we routinely use information from the prior context to help identify the meaning of individual words. While measures of online processing difficulty, such as reading times, are strongly influenced by contextual predictability, there is disagreement about the mechanisms underlying this lexical predictability effect, with different models predicting different linking functions - (Reichle, Rayner & Pollatsek, 2003) or (Levy, 2008). To help resolve this debate, we conducted two highly-powered experiments (self-paced reading, N = 216; cross-modal picture naming, N = 36), and a meta-analysis of prior eye-tracking while reading studies (total N = 218). Read More