16,557 results match your criteria three italian


Factors influencing nursing students' intention to accept COVID-19 vaccination: A pooled analysis of seven European countries.

Nurse Educ Today 2021 Jun 10;104:105010. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Nursing, School of Health Sciences, Hellenic Mediterranean University, Crete, Greece. Electronic address:

Background: Experiencing the third wave of COVID-19 pandemic, high vaccination coverage by a safe and effective vaccine globally would be a great achievement. Acceptance of vaccination by nursing students is an important issue as they play a decisive role as future professionals in educating patients, counselling, and guiding them to the right clinical decision.

Objectives: To explore the intention of nursing students to get vaccinated for SARS-CoV-2 infection and the factors acting either as motivators or as barriers towards vaccination. Read More

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Breast reconstruction and radiation therapy: An Italian expert Delphi consensus statements and critical review.

Cancer Treat Rev 2021 May 27;99:102236. Epub 2021 May 27.

Group for Reconstructive and Therapeutic Advancements (G.RE.T.A.), Milan, Naples, Catania, Italy.

Breast conserving surgery (BCS) plus radiation therapy (RT) or mastectomy have shown comparable oncological outcomes in early-stage breast cancer and are considered standard of care treatments. Postmastectomy radiation therapy (PMRT) targeted to both the chest wall and regional lymph nodes is recommended in high-risk patients. Oncoplastic breast conserving surgery (OBCS) represents a significant recent improvement in breast surgery. Read More

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Estimating population genetics and forensic efficiency of the GlobalFiler PCR amplification kit in the population of Sardinia (Italy).

Gene 2021 Jun 11;794:145775. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Dept. of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Cagliari, 09042 Monserrato (Ca), Italy.

GlobalFiler is a new PCR amplification kit that includes 21 autosomal short tandem repeats and three sex-determining loci. In the present research, for the first time, the GlobalFiler kit was tested to analyze a sample of 500 unrelated individuals from 18 villages encompassing the entire area of Sardinia (Italy). We tested if the kit, which is a powerful tool in forensic studies, may also find application in the field of population genetics. Read More

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Dream Activity in Narcoleptic Patients During the COVID-19 Lockdown in Italy.

Front Psychol 2021 26;12:681569. Epub 2021 May 26.

Department of Medicine and Surgery, University of Parma, Parma, Italy.

Some studies highlighted that patients with narcolepsy type-1 (NT1) experience high lucid dream frequency, and this phenomenon has been associated with a creative personality. Starting from the well-known "pandemic effect" on sleep and dreaming, we presented a picture of dream activity in pharmacologically treated NT1 patients during the Italian lockdown. Forty-three NT1 patients completed a web-survey during Spring 2021 and were compared with 86 matched-controls. Read More

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Caregiver contribution to self-care and its associated variables among caregivers of ostomy patients: Results of a cross-sectional study.

J Clin Nurs 2021 Jun 13. Epub 2021 Jun 13.

Center for Nursing Research and Innovation, Vita-Salute San Raffaele University, Milan, Italy.

Aims And Objectives: To describe caregiver contribution (CC) to ostomy self-care and identify its associated variables among caregivers of ostomy patients.

Background: Self-care is essential for ostomy patients, but it can be difficult to perform. In these cases, caregivers play a key role in promoting self-care behaviours. Read More

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Preliminary outcomes of the cementless UNITED hip system for primary total hip arthroplasty at a minimum 2-year follow-up.

Eur J Orthop Surg Traumatol 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Hip Surgery Unit, Institute of Orthopaedics "Carlos E. Ottolenghi", Italian Hospital of Buenos Aires, 4247 Potosí St., C1199ACK, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Introduction: This study aimed to report the initial results of the cementless UNITED hip system in primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) with a minimum follow-up of 2 years.

Methods: We retrospectively studied a consecutive series of 203 cementless THAs in 180 patients operated between 2015-2017. We included 89 female and 91 male patients with a mean age of 67 (28 to 89) years. Read More

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Evaluating a social marketing campaign on healthy nutrition and lifestyle among primary-school children: A mixed-method research design.

Eval Program Plann 2021 Jun 1;89:101965. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Department of Marketing and International Business, Toulouse Business School, 1 Place Alphonse Jourdain - CS 66810, 31068, Toulouse Cedex 7, France. Electronic address:

Italy has one of the highest levels of childhood overweight and obesity in Europe. Therefore, preventing children from becoming overweight is a major public health challenge. Here, we used a mixed-method research approach - including a quasi-experimental design and three surveys - to create a formative evaluation of a social marketing campaign on healthy nutrition and lifestyle in Italian primary school children. Read More

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Acceptance and commitment therapy for high frequency episodic migraine without aura: Findings from a randomized pilot investigation.

Headache 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

UO Neurologia Salute Pubblica e Disabilità, Fondazione IRRCS Istituto Neurologico Carlo Besta, Milano, Italy.

Objective: We compared the incremental effects of adding acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) to pharmacological treatment as usual (TAU) in a sample of patients with high frequency episodic migraine without aura (HFEM), assessing impact on a spectrum of measures across multiple domains.

Background: Patients with HFEM are at risk of developing chronic migraine and medication overuse headache. ACT has been shown to be effective for the treatment of various chronic pain conditions, but little attention has been given to its therapeutic value in the management of recurring headaches. Read More

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Multimodality imaging of the ischemic right ventricle: an overview and proposal of a diagnostic algorithm.

Int J Cardiovasc Imaging 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Cardiovascular Diseases, University of Siena, Siena, Italy.

Right ventricular (RV) involvement is frequently detected in patients presenting with acute left ventricular myocardial infarction. The ischemic right ventricle carries a dismal outcome by predisposing the heart to arrhythmic events and mechanical or hemodynamic complications. A comprehensive RV evaluation by multimodality imaging could guide clinical practice but has always been a conundrum for the imagers. Read More

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Cognitive and behavioral associated changes in manifest Huntington disease: A retrospective cross-sectional study.

Brain Behav 2021 Jun 10:e02151. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Huntington and Rare Diseases Unit, Fondazione IRCCS Casa Sollievo della Sofferenza Hospital, San Giovanni Rotondo, Italy.

Introduction: Behavioral and cognitive changes can be observed across all Huntington disease (HD) stages. Our multicenter and retrospective study investigated the association between cognitive and behavioral scale scores in manifest HD, at three different yearly timepoints.

Methods: We analyzed cognitive and behavioral domains by the Unified Huntington's Disease Rating Scale (UHDRS) and by the Problem Behaviors Assessment Short Form (PBA-s), at three different yearly times of life (t0 or baseline, t1 after one year, t2 after two years), in 97 patients with manifest HD (mean age 48. Read More

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Surgeon-performed Ultrasound for the Staging of Acute Diverticulitis: Preliminary Results of a Prospective Study.

J Trauma Acute Care Surg 2021 Apr 8. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Robotic & Emergency Surgery Department, General and Emergency Surgery Division, A. Manzoni Hospital, ASST Lecco, Lecco, Italy Department of General Surgery, Cattinara University Hospital, Azienda Sanitaria Universitaria Giuliano Isontina, Trieste, Italy Department of General Surgery, Legnano Hospital, ASST Legnano, Legnano (MI), Italy Department of Radiology, Humanitas Research Hospital, Rozzano (MI), Italy Department of Radiology, Cattinara University Hospital, Azienda Sanitaria Universitaria Giuliano Isontina, Trieste, Italy.

Introduction: Although contrast-enhanced abdominal computed tomography (CEACT) is still considered the gold standard for the assessment of suspected acute diverticulitis, in recent years the use of point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) has been spreading more and more in this setting. The aim of this study is to compare CEACT to POCUS for the diagnosis and staging of suspected acute diverticulitis.

Methods: This is a prospective study conducted on 55 patients admitted to the Emergency Department of two Italian Hospitals with a clinical suspicion of acute diverticulitis between January 2014 and December 2017. Read More

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A novel Filobacterium sp can cause chronic bronchitis in cats.

PLoS One 2021 9;16(6):e0251968. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Centre for Veterinary Education, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia.

Background: Cilia-associated respiratory bacillus (CARB; now known as Filobacterium rodentium gen. nov., sp. Read More

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The Real-World Observational Prospective Study of Health Outcomes with Dulaglutide and Liraglutide in Type 2 Diabetes Patients (TROPHIES): Design and Baseline Characteristics.

Diabetes Ther 2021 Jun 7. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Lilly France SAS, Neuilly Sur Seine, France.

Introduction: The TROPHIES observational study enrolled patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) initiating their first injectable treatment with the glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor agonists (GLP-1 RAs) dulaglutide or liraglutide. This manuscript focuses on the study design, baseline characteristics of the enrolled population, and factors associated with GLP-1 RA choice.

Methods: TROPHIES is a prospective, observational, 24-month study conducted in France, Germany, and Italy. Read More

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Single-marker and haplotype-based genome-wide association studies for the number of teats in two heavy pig breeds.

Anim Genet 2021 Jun 6. Epub 2021 Jun 6.

Department of Agricultural and Food Sciences, Division of Animal Sciences, University of Bologna, Viale Fanin 46, Bologna, 40127, Italy.

The number of teats is a reproductive-related trait of great economic relevance as it affects the mothering ability of the sows and thus the number of properly weaned piglets. Moreover, genetic improvement of this trait is fundamental to parallelly help the selection for increased litter size. We present the results of single-marker and haplotypes-based genome-wide association studies for the number of teats in two large cohorts of heavy pig breeds (Italian Large White and Italian Landrace) including 3990 animals genotyped with the 70K GGP Porcine BeadChip and other 1927 animals genotyped with the Illumina PorcineSNP60 BeadChip. Read More

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Sudden shift to remote genetic counseling during the COVID-19 pandemic: Experiences of genetics professionals in Italy.

J Genet Couns 2021 Jun 6. Epub 2021 Jun 6.

Dipartimento di Scienze Mediche e Chirurgiche, Centro di Ricerca sui Tumori Ereditari, Università di Bologna, Bologna, Italy.

The 2020 COVID-19 pandemic has rendered in-person provision of genetic counseling impossible for prolonged periods in many countries, mandating a sudden shift to remote delivery. We used qualitative thematic analysis to explore Italian genetics professionals' experience with remote genetic counseling. Fourteen group and four individual interviews were conducted after participants had delivered one or more remote sessions via videoconference or on the telephone. Read More

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Maxillofacial surgical oncology during Covid-19 phase-1 and phase-2 of italian lockdown. Single centre experience.

Ann Ital Chir 2021 May 28;10. Epub 2021 May 28.

Aim: The aim of this retrospective study is to analyse the impact of Covid-19 on oncological surgical activity of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Unit of Magna Graecia University of Catanzaro, Italia.

Materials Of The Study: This single-centre study includes patients treated for head and neck cancer (HNC) during lockdown months of March, April, May 2020 (Phase-1) and October, November and December 2020 (Phase-2); the data were compared with the same months for the previous two-year period (2018-2019).

Results: 35 oncological surgeries were performed at our Maxillofacial Surgery Unit in 2020. Read More

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The Italian Questionnaire for Cancer Breakthrough Pain Diagnosis, a Multicenter Validation Study.

Pain Ther 2021 Jun 6. Epub 2021 Jun 6.

Department of Medicine and Surgery Sciences, University of Bologna, via Massarenti n. 9, 40138, Bologna, Italy.

Introduction: The literature lacks formally validated and reliable tools for the diagnosis of breakthrough cancer pain (BTcP). The Italian Questionnaire for BTcP diagnosis (IQ-BTP) is an 11-item questionnaire aimed at detecting potential-BTP and classifying it into three likelihood classes: high, intermediate, and low.

Methods: A multicenter, prospective, and observational study was designed to validate the IQ-BTP. Read More

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Efficacy of bracing in early infantile scoliosis: a 5-year prospective cohort shows that idiopathic respond better than secondary-2021 SOSORT award winner.

Eur Spine J 2021 Jun 6. Epub 2021 Jun 6.

ISICO (Italian Scientific Spine Institute), Milan, Italy.

Purpose: In conservative early onset scoliosis treatment, interest in bracing is growing because repeated general anaesthesia (required by casting) has been questioned for possible brain damages. We aimed to check the results in the medium term of bracing, comparing idiopathic (IIS) to secondary (SIS) infantile scoliosis.

Methods: We performed a retrospective study in a consecutive prospective cohort. Read More

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Analysis of honey environmental DNA indicates that the honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) trypanosome parasite Lotmaria passim is widespread in the apiaries of the North of Italy.

J Invertebr Pathol 2021 Jun 4:107628. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Department of Agricultural and Food Sciences, University of Bologna, Viale Giuseppe Fanin 46, 40127 Bologna, Italy. Electronic address:

Lotmaria passim is a trypanosomatid that infects honey bees. In this study, we established an axenic culture of L. passim from Italian isolates and then used its DNA as a control in subsequent analyses that investigated environmental DNA (eDNA) to detect this trypasonosomatid. Read More

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[How do Advanced Practice Nurses participate in building health policy projects?]

Prof Inferm 2021 Jan-Mar;74(1):3-12

Professor of Nursing Science, PhD, Prof. Dr., Responsible Clinical Area, Master nursing science University of applied Sciences and Arts of Southern Switzerland, Department of Business Economics, Health and Social Care, Switzerland Corresponing Author:

Introduction: Patients' needs and the change of health professionals' roles have led researchers to reflect about the involvement of nurses in care processes development, as well as health policies. Studies confirm how advanced nursing training promotes quality of care and reduces the costs of healthcare. The introduction of the Advanced Practice Nurses (APNs) could potentially be an added value also in the Swiss healthcare context, where this figure is positioning. Read More

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The Italian Consensus on minimally invasive simultaneous resections for synchronous liver metastasis and primary colorectal cancer: A Delphi methodology.

Updates Surg 2021 Jun 5. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Department of Surgery, Regional Hospital of Treviso, Treviso, Italy.

At the time of diagnosis synchronous colorectal cancer, liver metastases (SCRLM) account for 15-25% of patients. If primary tumour and synchronous liver metastases are resectable, good results may be achieved performing surgical treatment incorporated into the chemotherapy regimen. So far, the possibility of simultaneous minimally invasive (MI) surgery for SCRLM has not been extensively investigated. Read More

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RPE65-associated inherited retinal diseases: consensus recommendations for eligibility to gene therapy.

Orphanet J Rare Dis 2021 Jun 4;16(1):257. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Eye Clinic, Multidisciplinary Department of Medical, Surgical and Dental Sciences, University of Campania "Luigi Vanvitelli", Via S. Pansini, 5, 80131, Naples, Italy.

Background: This research aimed to establish recommendations on the clinical and genetic characteristics necessary to confirm patient eligibility for gene supplementation with voretigene neparvovec.

Methods: An expert steering committee comprising an interdisciplinary panel of Italian experts in the three fields of medical specialisation involved in the management of RPE65-associated inherited retinal disease (IRD) (medical retina, genetics, vitreoretinal surgery) proposed clinical questions necessary to determine the correct identification of patients with the disease, determine the fundamental clinical and genetics tests to reach the correct diagnosis and to evaluate the urgency to treat patients eligible to receive treatment with voretigene neparvovec. Supported by an extensive review of the literature, a series of statements were developed and refined to prepare precisely constructed questionnaires that were circulated among an external panel of experts comprising ophthalmologists (retina specialists, vitreoretinal surgeons) and geneticists with extensive experience in IRDs in Italy in a two-round Delphi process. Read More

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Safety and effectiveness of subcutaneously anchored securement for tunneled central catheters in oncological pediatric patients: A retrospective study.

J Vasc Access 2021 Jun 4:11297298211009364. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Surgical Oncology Unit, Bambino Gesù Children Hospital IRCCS, Rome, Italy.

Background: Proper securement of central venous catheters plays an important role in onco-hematological pediatric patients. A new subcutaneously anchored securement device has been recently introduced in the clinical practice, and it has been extensively used in children.

Method: In our study, we have retrospectively investigated the safety and the effectiveness of such device, reviewing the experience of three Italian pediatric oncological units. Read More

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Is My University Inclusive? Towards a Multi-Domain Instrument for Sustainable Environments in Higher Education.

Stud Health Technol Inform 2021 Jun;282:137-143

University of Trieste.

We present a pilot study on three Italian Universities using a multi-domain set of indicators for Inclusion. The indicators are expressed in the coding system of the International Classification of Functioning Disability and Health - ICF - (World Health Organization, 2001). We selected three medium-sized Italian Universities: Brescia, Trieste and Venice. Read More

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Albuminuric and non-albuminuric reduced eGFR phenotypes in youth with type 1 diabetes: Factors associated with cardiometabolic risk.

Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 2021 Mar 31. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Department of Translational Medical Science, Section of Pediatrics, Regional Center of Pediatric Diabetes, Federico II University of Naples, Naples, Italy.

Background And Aim: Albuminuria and reduced eGFR are hallmarks of Diabetic Kidney Disease in adults. Our aim was to analyze factors associated with albuminuric and non-albuminuric mildly reduced eGFR phenotypes in youths with type 1 diabetes.

Methods And Results: This multicenter cross-sectional study included 1549 youths (age 5-17 years) with type 1 diabetes enrolled at 14 Italian Pediatric Diabetes Centers. Read More

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A three-dimensional nerve guide conduit based on graphene foam/polycaprolactone.

Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl 2021 Jul 17;126:112110. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

ENEA Casaccia, Italian National Agency for New Technologies, Energy and Sustainable Economic Development, Rome, Italy. Electronic address:

In this study, a novel nerve guide conduit was developed, based on a three-dimensional (3D) graphene conductive core grown, by chemical vapor deposition (CVD) coupled with a polycaprolactone (PCL) polymer coating. Firstly, the monolithic 3D-graphene foam (3D-GF) was synthesized on Ni foam templates via inductive heating CVD, subsequently, Ni/Graphene samples were dipped successively in PCL and cyclododecane (CDD) solutions prior to the removal of Ni from the 3D-GF/PCL scaffold in FeCl. Our results showed that the electrical conductivity of the polymer composites reached to 25 S. Read More

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Seropositivity to canine tick-borne pathogens in a population of sick dogs in Italy.

Parasit Vectors 2021 Jun 2;14(1):292. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Bari, Valenzano, 70010, Bari, Italy.

Background: Canine vector-borne diseases (CVBDs) associated to ticks are among the most important health issues affecting dogs. In Italy, Ehrlichia canis, Anaplasma spp., Rickettsia conorii and Borrelia burgdorferi (s. Read More

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Does perceived wellness influence technical-tactical match performance? A study in youth international rugby using partial least squares correlation analysis.

Eur J Sport Sci 2021 Jun 2:1-24. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Leeds Beckett University, Carnegie Applied Rugby Research (CARR) centre, Carnegie School of Sport, Leeds, United Kingdom.

The purpose of this study was o determine the relationship between matchday wellness status and a technical-tactical performance construct during rugby match-play. One hundred and thirty-three male rugby union players (73 forwards and 60 backs) from five under-18 national squads who participated in the under-18 Six Nations competition completed a subjective wellness questionnaire on each matchday morning. Players subjectively rated each item (sleep quality, fatigue, muscle soreness, stress and mood) on a five-point Likert scale to calculate their daily wellness status (i. Read More

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Toward Mechanochromic Soft Material-Based Visual Feedback for Electronics-Free Surgical Effectors.

Adv Sci (Weinh) 2021 Jun 2:e2100418. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Center for Micro-BioRobotics, Italian Institute of Technology, Viale Rinaldo Piaggio 34, Pontedera (PI), 56025, Italy.

A chromogenically reversible, mechanochromic pressure sensor is integrated into a mininvasive surgical grasper compatible with the da Vinci robotic surgical system. The sensorized effector, also featuring two soft-material jaws, encompasses a mechanochromic polymeric inset doped with functionalized spiropyran (SP) molecule, designed to activate mechanochromism at a chosen pressure and providing a reversible color change. Considering such tools are systematically in the visual field of the operator during surgery, color change of the mechanochromic effector can help avoid tissue damage. Read More

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New DNA Methylation Signals for Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma Risk Assessment.

Cancers (Basel) 2021 May 27;13(11). Epub 2021 May 27.

Department of Medical Sciences, University of Turin, 10126 Turin, Italy.

Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is a rare and aggressive neoplasm. Patients are usually diagnosed when current treatments have limited benefits, highlighting the need for noninvasive tests aimed at an MPM risk assessment tool that might improve life expectancy. Three hundred asbestos-exposed subjects (163 MPM cases and 137 cancer-free controls), from the same geographical region in Italy, were recruited. Read More

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