17,098 results match your criteria three infusions


medRxiv 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Background: Severe COVID-19 pneumonia results from a hyperinflammatory immune response (cytokine storm, CS), characterized by GM-CSF mediated activation and trafficking of myeloid cells, leading to elevation of downstream inflammatory chemokines (MCP-1, IL-8, IP-10), cytokines (IL-6, IL-1), and other markers of systemic inflammation (CRP, D-dimer, ferritin). CS leads to fever, hypotension, coagulopathy, respiratory failure, ARDS, and death. Lenzilumab is a novel Humaneered anti-human GM-CSF monoclonal antibody that directly binds GM-CSF and prevents signaling through its receptor. Read More

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Effects of treatment refractoriness and brain-derived neurotrophic factor Val66Met polymorphism on antidepressant response to low-dose ketamine infusion.

Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Psychiatry, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, No. 201, Sec. 2, Shih-Pai Road, Beitou district, Taipei, 112, Taiwan.

Evidence suggests that levels of treatment refractoriness and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) rs6265 polymorphism are related to the antidepressant effects of conventional antidepressants and repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation. However, whether these factors are associated with the antidepressant effects of low-dose ketamine remains unclear. In total, 71 patients with treatment-resistant depression (TRD) were randomized to 0. Read More

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Evolution of the retinal function by flash-ERG in one child suffering from neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis CLN2 treated with cerliponase alpha: case report.

Doc Ophthalmol 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Service des Explorations Fonctionnelles, Hôpital Robert Debré, AP-HP, Paris, France.

Introduction: Neuronal ceroid lipofuscinoses (CLN) are neurodegenerative disorders among the most frequent, inherited as an autosomal recessive trait. Affected patients can present with progressive decline in cognitive and motor functions, seizures, a shortened life span and visual deficiency. CLN2 is one of the rare CLN that benefits from treatment by cerliponase alpha an enzyme replacement therapy. Read More

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Transplant-associated thrombotic microangiopathy and immune haematological complications following intestine-containing organ transplantation: experience from over 100 consecutive cases.

Br J Haematol 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Gastroenterology, Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Cambridge, UK.

Descriptions of passenger lymphocyte syndrome (PLS), immune cytopenias and transplant-associated thrombotic microangiopathy (TA-TMA) after intestine-containing transplants remain scarce. We describe our centre's experience of these complications from 2007 to 2019. Ninety-six patients received 103 transplants. Read More

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An exploration of the impact of ethanol diluent on breath alcohol concentration in patients receiving paclitaxel chemotherapy.

Cancer Chemother Pharmacol 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Medical Oncology, Beaumont Hospital, Dublin 9, Ireland.

Purpose: This study aimed to provide a better understanding of the impact of paclitaxel chemotherapy on breath alcohol in an Irish population.

Methods: Patients attending the Oncology Day Unit at Beaumont Hospital were invited to participate on the day of their treatment. The brand of paclitaxel used was Actavis Pharma Inc and contained 6 mg/mL paclitaxel in 50% Ethanol/ 50% Cremophor EL. Read More

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Abuse Potential of Synthetic Cannabinoids: AM-1248, CB-13, and PB-22.

Biomol Ther (Seoul) 2021 May 3. Epub 2021 May 3.

Department of Pharmacology, School of Pharmacy, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 16419, Republic of Korea.

Currently, the expanding recreational use of synthetic cannabinoids (SCBs) threatens public health. SCBs produce psychoactive effects similar to those of tetrahydrocannabinol, the main component of cannabis, and additionally induce unexpected pharmacological side effects. SCBs are falsely advertised as legal and safe, but in reality, SCB abuse has been reported to cause acute intoxication and addictive disorders. Read More

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A simulation study of high-flow versus normal-flow three-way stopcock for rapid fluid administration in emergency situations: A randomised crossover design.

Aust Crit Care 2021 Apr 26. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Department of Acute Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8655, Japan. Electronic address:

Background: Initial fluid resuscitation is presumed to be important for treating shock in the resuscitation phase. However, little is known how quickly and easily a physician could perform a rapid infusion with a syringe.

Objectives: We hypothesised that using a high-flow three-way stopcock (HTS) makes initial fluid resuscitation faster and easier than using a normal-flow three-way stopcock (NTS). Read More

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Intrauterine Blood Plasma Platelet-Therapy Mitigates Persistent Breeding-Induced Endometritis, Reduces Uterine Infections, and Improves Embryo Recovery in Mares.

Antibiotics (Basel) 2021 Apr 23;10(5). Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Department of Veterinary Surgery and Animal Reproduction, School of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science, São Paulo State University (UNESP), Botucatu, Sao Paulo 18618681, Brazil.

Microorganisms, including pathogenic or opportunistic bacteria and fungi, may gain access to the uterus during breeding, and infectious endometritis plays a major role in equine subfertility. This study aimed to assess the post-breeding inflammatory response, endometrial culture, and embryo recovery of mares susceptible to persistent breeding-induced endometritis (PBIE) treated with plasma-rich (PRP) or -poor (PPP) plasma. Mares ( = 12) susceptible to PBIE had three cycles randomly assigned to receive intrauterine infusions of lactate ringer solution (LRS, control), or autologous PRP or PPP pre- (-48 and -24 h) and post-breeding (6 and 24 h). Read More

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The Potential of Sun-Dried Grape Pomace as a Multi-Functional Ingredient for Herbal Infusion: Effects of Brewing Parameters on Composition and Bioactivity.

Antioxidants (Basel) 2021 Apr 10;10(4). Epub 2021 Apr 10.

Department of Anatomy-Histology-Embryology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ioannina, 45110 Ioannina, Greece.

Wine and by-products are essential elements of a Mediterranean diet and considered as a reservoir of bioactive compounds with various health effects. Grape pomace, an easily available natural material of low cost, shares a similar wealth of health benefiting bioactive phytochemicals. The objective of this study was to explore the utilization of grape pomace from Commandaria dessert wine as main ingredient for functional infusions. Read More

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The Effect of S. Y. Hu Extract and Its Fractions on Renal Morphology in Rats Fed with Normal and High-Cholesterol Diet.

Foods 2021 Apr 9;10(4). Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Department of Biostructure and Animal Physiology, Division of Histology and Embryology, Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Norwida 25, 50-375 Wroclaw, Poland.

Therapeutic properties of species are widely used in natural medicine. may become a potential substitute for (Yerba Mate). As a part of the preliminary safety verification of this European hybrid vs. Read More

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Extraction of phthalic acid esters from soft drinks and infusions by dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction based on the solidification of the floating organic drop using a menthol-based natural deep eutectic solvent.

J Chromatogr A 2021 Jun 2;1646:462132. Epub 2021 Apr 2.

Departamento de Química, Unidad Departamental de Química Analítica, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de La Laguna (ULL). Avda. Astrofísico Fco. Sánchez, s/n. 38206 San Cristóbal de La Laguna, España.; Instituto Universitario de Enfermedades Tropicales y Salud Pública de Canarias, Universidad de La Laguna (ULL). Avda. Astrofísico Fco. Sánchez, s/n. 38206 San Cristóbal de La Laguna, España. Electronic address:

In this work, a natural deep eutectic solvent (NADES) consisting of L-menthol and acetic acid in a 1:1 molar ratio has been applied as extraction solvent for the dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction based on the solidification of the floating organic drop (DLLME-SFO) of a group of nine phthalic acid esters (dipropyl phthalate, DPP; butyl benzyl phthalate, BBP; dibutyl phthalate, DBP; dicyclohexyl phthalate, DCHP; diisopentyl phthalate, DIPP; di-n-pentyl phthalate, DNPP; di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate, DEHP; diisononyl phthalate, DINP; and diisodecyl phthalate, DIDP) from three common infusions (camomile, pennyroyal mint, and linden teas) and three soft drinks (green tea, tonic, and lime and lemon drink), using dihexyl phthalate (DHP) and di-n-octyl phthalate (DNOP) as internal standards. After the DLLME-SFO procedure, analyses were carried out by high-performance liquid chromatography with UV detection. Method calibration showed good linearity for all the analytes and matrices, with determination coefficients (R) higher than 0. Read More

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Multiply restimulated human thymic regulatory T cells express distinct signature regulatory T-cell transcription factors without evidence of exhaustion.

Cytotherapy 2021 Apr 20. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Pediatrics, Division of Blood and Marrow Transplantation, University of Minnesota Cancer Center, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA. Electronic address:

Background Aims: Adoptive transfer of suppressive CD4+CD25+ thymic regulatory T cells (tTregs) can control auto- and alloimmune responses but typically requires in vitro expansion to reach the target cell number for efficacy. Although the adoptive transfer of expanded tTregs purified from umbilical cord blood ameliorates graft-versus-host disease in patients receiving hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for lymphohematopoietic malignancy, individual Treg products of 100 × 10 cells/kg are manufactured over an extended 19-day time period using a process that yields variable products and is both laborious and costly. These limitations could be overcome with the availability of 'off the shelf' Treg. Read More

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Sequential Organ Failure Assessment Score As a Predictor of Outcome in Sepsis in Pediatric Intensive Care Unit.

J Pediatr Intensive Care 2021 Jun 30;10(2):110-117. Epub 2020 Jul 30.

Department of Pediatric Intensive Care, St Johns Medical College and Hospital, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.

Sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score is used as a predictor of outcome of sepsis in the pediatric intensive care unit. The aim of the study is to determine the application of SOFA scores as a predictor of outcome in children admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit with a diagnosis of sepsis. The design involved is prospective observational study. Read More

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Vascular access device securement for oncology patients and those with chronic diseases.

Michelle L Hawes

Br J Nurs 2021 Apr;30(8):S20-S25

Research Consultant, Data to Wisdom Research Consulting, Bloomington, Indiana, USA.

This article presents three case studies, each discussing securement issues as they relate to the use of long-term vascular access devices from the perspectives of the clinician and the patient. The choice of securement should be weighed against the patient's activity level, duration of the line placement, infection risks and inevitable skin irritation caused by repeated replacement of adhesive securement. Living with a chronic illness requiring frequent infusions is difficult enough-worrying about the device being dislodged should not be an additional stressor. Read More

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Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) affects the activity of the gonadotrophic axis in sheep.

Horm Behav 2021 May 16;131:104980. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Department of Animal Physiology, The Kielanowski Institute of Animal Physiology and Nutrition, Polish Academy of Sciences, 05-110 Jabłonna, Poland.

This study aimed to examine the hypothesis that BDNF modulates the activity of the gonadotrophic axis in sheep. Central infusions of BDNF were administered to sexually mature Polish Merino sheep. The sheep were randomly divided into three groups: the control group received intracerebroventricular (ICV) infusions of the vehicle, the BDNF 10 group received ICV infusions of BDNF at 10 μg/480 μL/day, and the BDNF 60 group was infused with BDNF at 60 μg/480 μL/day. Read More

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Teprotumumab for patients with active thyroid eye disease: a pooled data analysis, subgroup analyses, and off-treatment follow-up results from two randomised, double-masked, placebo-controlled, multicentre trials.

Lancet Diabetes Endocrinol 2021 Apr 15. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Kellogg Eye Center-Michigan Medicine and University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

Background: Thyroid eye disease manifests inflammation and treatment-resistant proptosis and diplopia. Teprotumumab, an insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor inhibiting monoclonal antibody, was approved in the USA on Jan 21, 2020, on the basis of two randomised trials. In this analysis we evaluated the short-term and long-term aggregate response to teprotumumab from the two trials, focusing on proptosis and diplopia. Read More

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Pregnancies in kidney transplant recipients with complement gene variant-mediated thrombotic microangiopathy.

Clin Kidney J 2021 Apr 20;14(4):1255-1260. Epub 2020 Aug 20.

Department of Medicine III, Division of Nephrology and Dialysis, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.

Background: Pregnancies in patients with complement gene variant-mediated thrombotic microangiopathy (cTMA) are challenging, and pregnancies in such patients after kidney transplantation (KTX) are even more so.

Methods: We identified nine pregnancies following KTX of three genetically high-risk cTMA patients enrolled in the Vienna thrombotic microangiopathy cohort. Preventive plasma therapy was used in three pregnancies, and one patient had ongoing eculizumab (ECU) therapy during two pregnancies. Read More

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Clinical Utility of the Detection of the Loss of the Mismatched HLA in Relapsed Hematological Patients After Haploidentical Stem Cell Transplantation With High-Dose Cyclophosphamide.

Front Immunol 2021 25;12:642087. Epub 2021 Mar 25.

Department of Hematology, Gregorio Marañón General University Hospital, Madrid, Spain.

Haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (Haplo-HSCT) with high-dose cyclophosphamide (PTCy) has resulted in a low incidence of graft-vs.-host disease (GVHD), graft failure, and non-relapse mortality. However, post-transplantation relapse remains a common cause of treatment failure in high-risk patients. Read More

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Daidzein modulates cocaine-reinforcing effects and cue-induced cocaine reinstatement in CD-1 male mice.

Psychopharmacology (Berl) 2021 Apr 11. Epub 2021 Apr 11.

Integrative Pharmacology and Systems Neuroscience Research Group, Hospital del Mar Medical Research Institute (IMIM), Parc de Recerca Biomedica de Barcelona (PRBB), C/Dr. Aiguader 88, 08003, Barcelona, Spain.

Rationale: Cocaine addiction is a chronic relapsing disorder that lacks of an effective treatment. Isoflavones are a family of compounds present in different plants and vegetables like soybeans that share a common chemical structure. Previous studies have described that synthetic derivatives from the natural isoflavone daidzin can modulate cocaine addiction, by a mechanism suggested to involve aldehyde-dehydrogenase (ALDH) activities. Read More

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Effects of perioperative saphenous and sciatic nerve blocks, lumbosacral epidural or morphine-lidocaine-ketamine infusion on postoperative pain and sedation in dogs undergoing tibial plateau leveling osteotomy.

Vet Anaesth Analg 2021 May 4;48(3):415-421. Epub 2021 Mar 4.

Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA. Electronic address:

Objective: To compare the quality of postoperative analgesia and sedation after preoperative saphenous and sciatic nerve blockade, preoperative lumbosacral epidural injection and perioperative intravenous (IV) morphine, lidocaine and ketamine infusions in dogs undergoing stifle arthroscopy and tibial plateau leveling osteotomy (TPLO) under general anesthesia.

Study Design: Prospective, blinded, randomized, clinical comparison study.

Animals: A total of 45 dogs weighing 33. Read More

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Comparison of Repeated Doses of C-kit-Positive Cardiac Cells versus a Single Equivalent Combined Dose in a Murine Model of Chronic Ischemic Cardiomyopathy.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 Mar 19;22(6). Epub 2021 Mar 19.

Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Institute of Molecular Cardiology, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY 40292, USA.

Using a murine model of chronic ischemic cardiomyopathy caused by an old myocardial infarction (MI), we have previously found that three doses of 1 × 10 c-kit positive cardiac cells (CPCs) are more effective than a single dose of 1 × 10 cells. The goal of this study was to determine whether the beneficial effects of three doses of CPCs (1 × 10 cells each) can be fully replicated by a single combined dose of 3 × 10 CPCs. Mice underwent a 60-min coronary occlusion; after 90 days of reperfusion, they received three echo-guided intraventricular infusions at 5-week intervals: (1) vehicle × 3; (2) one combined dose of CPCs (3 × 10) and vehicle × 2; or (3) three doses of CPCs (1 × 10 each). Read More

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Tea as a Source of Biologically Active Compounds in the Human Diet.

Molecules 2021 Mar 9;26(5). Epub 2021 Mar 9.

Department of Commodity Science and Food Analysis, The Faculty of Food Sciences, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, 10-719 Olsztyn, Poland.

Due to the different levels of bioactive compounds in tea reported in the literature, the aim of this study was to determine whether commercially available leaf teas could be an important source of phenolics and selected minerals (copper, manganese, iron, zinc, magnesium, calcium, sodium, potassium) and if the differences in the content of these components between various types of tea are significant. It was found that both the amount of these compounds in tea and the antioxidant activity of tea infusions were largely determined by the origin of tea leaves as well as the processing method, which can modify the content of the studied components up to several hundred-fold. The group of green teas was the best source of phenolic compounds (110. Read More

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Standard Sedation and Sedation With Isoflurane in Mechanically Ventilated Patients With Coronavirus Disease 2019.

Crit Care Explor 2021 Mar 5;3(3):e0370. Epub 2021 Mar 5.

Department of Anesthesia, Critical Care and Pain Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA.

Objectives: To describe sedative and analgesic drug utilization in a cohort of critically ill patients with coronavirus disease 2019 and compare standard sedation with an alternative approach using inhaled isoflurane.

Design: This was a retrospective cohort study designed to compare doses of sedatives between ICU patients receiving standard IV sedation and patients receiving mixed sedation including inhaled isoflurane. Data were obtained from electronic medical records. Read More

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Administration of 3% Sodium Chloride Through Peripheral Intravenous Access: Development and Implementation of a Protocol for Clinical Practice.

Worldviews Evid Based Nurs 2021 Apr 30;18(2):147-153. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Harborview Medical Center, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.

Background: Patients with traumatic brain injury, cerebral edema, and severe hyponatremia require rapid augmentation of serum sodium levels. Three percent sodium chloride is commonly used to normalize or augment serum sodium level, yet there are limited data available concerning the most appropriate route of administration. Traditionally, 3% sodium chloride is administered through a central venous catheter (CVC) due to the attributed theoretical risk of phlebitis and extravasation injuries when hyperosmolar solution is administered peripherally. Read More

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Winning the Battle after Three Years of Suffering: A Case of a Refractory Pyoderma Gangrenosum Treatment Challenge.

Case Rep Rheumatol 2021 13;2021:8869914. Epub 2021 Mar 13.

Division of Rheumatology, Department of Internal Medicine, Reid Healthcare System, Indianapolis, IN, USA.

Pyoderma gangrenosum is an uncommon inflammatory disorder characterized by neutrophilic infiltration of the skin. It can present as skin papules or pustules that progress into painful ulcers. 30-40% of the cases are associated with other systemic diseases such as inflammatory bowel diseases, rheumatoid arthritis, and proliferative hematological disorders. Read More

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Ferric carboxymaltose treatment for iron deficiency anemia in children with inflammatory bowel disease: Efficacy and risk of hypophosphatemia.

Dig Liver Dis 2021 Mar 25. Epub 2021 Mar 25.

Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Foundation Trust, Great Ormond Street, WC1N 3HZ London, UK; Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine, UCL Institute of Child Health, 30 Guilford Street, London, UK. Electronic address:

Background: Although intravenous ferric carboxymaltose (FCM) is effective in treating iron deficiency anemia (IDA) in paediatric inflammatory bowel disease (pIBD), no data are available on its post-infusion related risks.

Aims: We assessed the efficacy of FCM and the rate of post-infusion hypophosphatemia in a large cohort of children with IBD and IDA.

Methods: All children with IBD with IDA treated with FCM over 5-year period were reviewed. Read More

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Distinct trajectories of antidepressant response to intravenous ketamine.

J Affect Disord 2021 05 9;286:320-329. Epub 2021 Mar 9.

Michael E. DeBakey VA Medical Center, 2002 Holcomb Boulevard, Houston, TX, 77030, USA; Baylor College of Medicine, Menninger Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, 1977 Butler Boulevard, Houston, TX, 77030, USA; The Menninger Clinic, 12301 S Main Street, Houston, TX, 77035, USA.

Background: The N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor antagonist ketamine is potentially effective in treatment resistant depression. However, its antidepressant efficacy is highly variable, and there is little information about predictors of response.

Methods: We employed growth mixture modeling (GMM) analysis to examine specific response trajectories to intravenous (IV) ketamine (three infusions; mean dose 0. Read More

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Strategies to prevent drug incompatibility during simultaneous multi-drug infusion in intensive care units: a literature review.

Eur J Clin Pharmacol 2021 Mar 25. Epub 2021 Mar 25.

Univ. Lille, CHU Lille, ULR 7365 - GRITA - Groupe de Recherche sur les formes Injectables et les Technologies Associées, F-59000, Lille, France.

Purpose: Drug protocols in intensive care units may require the concomitant administration of many drugs as patients' venous accesses are often limited. A major challenge for clinicians is to limit the risk of simultaneously infusing incompatible drugs. Incompatibilities can lead to the formation of particles and inactivation of drugs, whose consequences on the body have already been indicated. Read More

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Use of subcutaneous immunoglobulin in stiff person syndrome: Case series.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Mar;100(12):e25260

Johns Hopkins Hospital, Stiff Person Syndrome Center, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Introduction: Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) has been shown to be effective for the treatment of stiff person syndrome (SPS). However, some patients might not tolerate it. We report the tolerability profile of subcutaneous immunoglobulin (SCIg) in patients with SPS who did not tolerate IVIG. Read More

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Regenerative Surgery with Dental Implant Rehabilitation in a Haemophiliac Patient.

TH Open 2021 Jan 16;5(1):e104-e106. Epub 2021 Mar 16.

Department of Cardiac Thoracic and Vascular Sciences, Haemophilia Centre Unit of Coagulopathies, University Hospital of Padua, Padua, Italy.

This study aimed to describe the first case of regenerative surgery in haemophiliac implant. Patients with haemophilia often present dental problems. A multidisciplinary approach is suggested in case of dental surgeries to reduce the high bleeding risk. Read More

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January 2021