6,727 results match your criteria thorax abdomen


Still's disease: a rare condition, in a patient of unusual age.

Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc 2020 ;58(4):517-521

Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Centro Médico Nacional La Raza, Hospital de Especialidades "Dr. Antonio Fraga Mouret", Departamento de Medicina Interna. Ciudad de México, México.

IntroducciÓn: Cuando inicia en el adulto, la enfermedad de Still es de mayor prevalencia en caucásicos y entre los 16 y 35 años. De etiología desconocida, se asocia a HLA-II, DR2, 4 y 7, y Bw35. El comienzo de los síntomas es agudo, con fiebre en agujas, asociada a exantema en las extremidades y el tronco, maculopapular, eritematoso y evanescente, pruriginoso, con fenómeno de Koebner. Read More

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January 2020

Thoracoabdominal duplication with hematochezia as an onset symptom in a baby: A case report.

World J Clin Cases 2021 Aug;9(24):7261-7268

Department of Surgery, Children's Hospital of Fudan University, National Children's Medical Center, Shanghai 201102, China.

Background: Alimentary tract duplication is a rare congenital disease that may occur in any part of the alimentary tract, whereas thoracoabdominal duplications only account for approximately 2% of all alimentary tract duplication cases. Many symptoms, including abdominal pain, abdominal distension, vomiting, gastrointestinal bleeding, chest discomfort, chest pain, and shortness of breath, may be present in patients with abdominal or thoracic duplication.

Case Summary: A 10-mo-old infant, with a free previous medical history, was admitted to our hospital with melena three times in 6 d. Read More

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Peritoneal mesothelioma with invasion of the urinary bladder 20 years post radiation therapy for colon adenocarcinoma.

J Surg Case Rep 2021 Sep 15;2021(9):rjab392. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Department of Urology, Mater Dei Hospital, Msida, Malta.

We present the case of a 66-year-old male with a history of iatrogenic bladder injury and radiation therapy for colon adenocarcinoma 20 years prior. A computed tomography of the thorax, abdomen and pelvis, reported a presacral mass with invasion to the bladder, ureters and lymph nodes. An initial bladder biopsy was histologically inconclusive. Read More

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September 2021

A comparison of PCR and ELISA methods to detect different stages of Plasmodium vivax in Anopheles arabiensis.

Parasit Vectors 2021 Sep 15;14(1):473. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Eck Institute for Global Health, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN, USA.

Background: In characterizing malaria epidemiology, measuring mosquito infectiousness informs the entomological inoculation rate, an important metric of malaria transmission. PCR-based methods have been touted as more sensitive than the current "gold-standard" circumsporozoite (CSP) ELISA. Wider application of PCR-based methods has been limited by lack of specificity for the infectious sporozoite stage. Read More

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September 2021

Robotic Surgery in Pediatric Oncology: Lessons Learned from the First 100 Tumors-A Nationwide Experience.

Ann Surg Oncol 2021 Sep 14. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Department of Pediatric Surgery and Urology, Hôpital Necker-Enfants Malades, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Paris, France.

Background: While robotics has become commonplace in adult oncology, it remains rare in pediatric oncology due to the rarity of childhood cancers. We present the results of a large nationwide experience with robotic oncology, with the aim of providing practical and feasible guidelines for child selection.

Methods: This was a prospective analysis performed over a period of 4 years. Read More

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September 2021

Transient and reversible reduction of stratum corneum filaggrin degradation products after allergen challenge in experimentally mite-sensitised atopic dogs.

Vet Dermatol 2021 Sep 14. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Synelvia, 516 rue Pierre et Marie Curie, Labège, F-31670, France.

Background: A defective skin barrier occurs in dogs with atopic dermatitis, and there is controversy over whether this defect pre-exists, or is secondary to allergic inflammation.

Objectives: To study if an allergen challenge decreases the natural moisturising factor (NMF), which contains the main filaggrin degradation products.

Animals: Four house dust mite (HDM)-sensitised adult atopic dogs from a research colony. Read More

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September 2021

F-BMS986192 PET imaging of PD-L1 in metastatic melanoma patients with brain metastases treated with immune checkpoint inhibitors. A pilot study.

J Nucl Med 2021 Sep 9. Epub 2021 Sep 9.

University Medical Center Groningen, Netherlands.

Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICI) targeting PD-1/PD-L1 frequently induces tumor response in metastatic melanoma patients. However, tumor response often takes months and may be heterogeneous. Consequently, additional local treatment for non-responsive metastases may be needed, especially in the case of brain metastases. Read More

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September 2021

Intraspecific and Interspecific Phenotypic Differences Confirm the Absence of Cryptic Speciation in Triatoma sordida (Hemiptera, Triatominae).

Am J Trop Med Hyg 2021 Sep 7. Epub 2021 Sep 7.

Universidade Estadual Paulista "Júlio de Mesquita Filho" (UNESP), Instituto de Biociências de Botucatu, Distrito de Rubião Junior, Botucatu, São Paulo, Brazil.

Triatoma sordida is an endemic Chagas disease vector in South America, distributed in Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay, and Uruguay. Chromosomal, molecular, isoenzimatic, and cuticular hydrocarbon pattern studies indicate cryptic speciation in T. sordida. Read More

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September 2021

Multi-band whole-body diffusion-weighted imaging with inversion recovery fat saturation: Effects of respiratory compensation.

Eur J Radiol Open 2021 26;8:100374. Epub 2021 Aug 26.

Department of Radiology, Aarhus University Hospital, Denmark.

Purpose: To prospectively compare artefacts and image quality in testicular stage I cancer patients using different combinations of breathing schemes and Multi-band (MB) in whole-body DWIBS at 1.5 T.Diffusion-Weighted whole-body Imaging with Background body signal Suppression (DWIBS) using inversion recovery (IR) fat saturation is a cornerstone in oncologic whole-body MRI, but implementation is restrained by long acquisition times. Read More

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Outcomes in patients with fractured ribs: middle aged at same risk of complications as the elderly.

N Z Med J 2021 Aug 13;134(1540):38-45. Epub 2021 Aug 13.

FRCS(Eng), FRACS; Consultant Colorectal and General Surgeon, Department of General Surgery, Northland District Health Board; Honorary Associate Professor, University of Auckland.

Aims: Rib fractures occur in up to 10% of hospitalised trauma patients and are the most common type of clinically significant blunt injury to the thorax. There is strong evidence that elderly patients have worse outcomes compared with younger patients. Evolving evidence suggests adverse outcomes start at a younger age. Read More

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Phase I Trial of Stereotactic MRI-guided Online Adaptive Radiation Therapy (SMART) for the Treatment of Oligometastatic Ovarian Cancer.

Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 2021 Aug 30. Epub 2021 Aug 30.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ.

Objective: SBRT is increasingly used to treat a variety of oligometastatic histologies, but few data exist for ovarian cancer. Ablative SBRT dosing is challenging in sites like the abdomen, pelvis, and central thorax due to proximity and motion of organs-at-risk. A novel radiation delivery method, stereotactic magnetic-resonance-guided online-adaptive radiotherapy (SMART), may improve SBRT's therapeutic index through enhanced soft-tissue visualization, real-time non-ionizing imaging, and ability to adapt to the anatomy-of-the-day, with the goal of producing systemic-therapy-free intervals. Read More

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Co-existent abdominoperitoneal tuberculosis with endometrial cancer: A diagnostic and surgical challenge.

Gynecol Oncol Rep 2021 Aug 14;37:100848. Epub 2021 Aug 14.

Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore.

The presence of abdominoperitoneal tuberculosis (APTB) complicates the diagnosis, staging and management of endometrial cancer. Lymph node involvement in APTB may mimic metastatic lymphadenopathy in patients with endometrial cancer. To our knowledge, there have only been 2 previous case reports on this topic. Read More

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Odds ratios for reclined seating positions in real-world crashes.

Accid Anal Prev 2021 Aug 28;161:106357. Epub 2021 Aug 28.

Institut für Verkehrssicherheit und Automatisierungstechnik, Technical University of Braunschweig, Germany.

It is widely believed that with higher levels of vehicle automation and especially with the advent of fully automatic vehicles, the currently typical forward-facing, upright position will give way to a more relaxed and reclined seating posture. Therefore, the current study investigates the influence of a reclined sitting position on crash injury severity by analyzing real-world crash data from the German in-depth accident study (GIDAS). We compared reclined to upright occupants and focused on effect sizes regarding odds ratios at different injury severity levels. Read More

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Zika Virus Potential Vectors among Mosquitoes from Hokkaido, Northern Japan: Implications for Potential Emergence of Zika Disease.

Pathogens 2021 Jul 24;10(8). Epub 2021 Jul 24.

School of Veterinary Medicine, Rakuno Gakuen University, Ebetsu, Hokkaido 069-8501, Japan.

The Zika virus (ZIKV) is a rapidly expanding mosquito-borne virus that causes febrile illness in humans. and are the primary ZIKV vectors; however, the potential vector competence of other mosquitoes distributed in northern Japan (Palearctic ecozone) are not yet known. In this study, the susceptibility to Zika virus infection of three mosquitoes distributed in the main city of the northern Japan and their capacities as vectors for ZIKV were evaluated. Read More

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Thoracic ganglioneuroma with extension into the epidural space.

Authors:
Zaid Aljuboori

Br J Neurosurg 2021 Aug 27:1-2. Epub 2021 Aug 27.

Department of Neurosurgery, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA.

A patient in their 30s presented with chronic right upper quadrant abdominal pain, nausea, bloating, and constipation. Her clinical exam was unremarkable, and computed tomography (CT) of the chest and abdomen which showed a large right-sided thoracic mass with extension into the thoracic spinal canal. A needle biopsy revealed a diagnosis of ganglioneuroma, the patient then underwent a combined approach for excision the tumor. Read More

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Refractory hypokalaemia and hypertension with metabolic alkalosis: an acute presentation of Cushing's disease secondary to a pituitary macroadenoma.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Aug 26;14(8). Epub 2021 Aug 26.

Diabetes and Endocrinology, Hull University Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust, Hull, UK.

A 68-year-old woman presented with right arm cellulitis, not responsive to oral antibiotics. Intravenous antibiotics were commenced, and an ultrasound scan confirmed a collection that was surgically drained. She developed refractory hypokalaemia with normal magnesium, no gastrointestinal losses and no iatrogenic cause. Read More

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Characterization of the ryanodine receptor gene in Encarsia formosa (Gahan) and its expression profile in response to diamide insecticides.

Pestic Biochem Physiol 2021 Oct 15;178:104921. Epub 2021 Jul 15.

Key Lab of Integrated Crop Pest Management of Shandong Province, College of Plant Health and Medicine, Qingdao Agricultural University, Qingdao 266109, PR China. Electronic address:

Ryanodine receptors (RyRs) are the targets of diamide insecticides, which have been identified and characterized in a dozen insect pests of Lepidoptera, Hemiptera, Diptera and Coleoptera, but limited attention has been paid to the RyR in parasitoid natural enemies. Without this knowledge, it will hinder our effective and efficient application using both parasitoid natural enemies and diamide insecticides simultaneously in the integrated pest management (IPM). In this study, the full-length cDNA of RyR was cloned from Encarsia formosa (EfRyR), a parasitic wasp used worldwide for the biological control of whitefly. Read More

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October 2021

Study of Morphological Features in Pre-Imaginal Honey Bee Impaired by by Means of Computer Tomography.

Insects 2021 Aug 11;12(8). Epub 2021 Aug 11.

Department of Agronomy, Kaposvár Campus, Hungarian University of Agriculture and Life Sciences, S. Guba Str. 40, H-7400 Kaposvár, Hungary.

The honey bee ( L. 1778) is an essential element in maintaining the diversity of the biosphere and food production. One of its most important parasites is , Anderson and Trueman, 2000, which plays a role in the vectoring of deformed wing virus (DWV) in honey bee colonies. Read More

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Screening Potential Reference Genes in with Real-Time Quantitative PCR Analysis under Different Experimental Conditions.

Genes (Basel) 2021 Aug 17;12(8). Epub 2021 Aug 17.

State Key Laboratory for Biology of Plant Diseases and Insect Pests, Institute of Plant Protection, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100193, China.

is one of the most significant invasive pests affecting tomato plants worldwide. RT-qPCR has emerged as one of the most sensitive and accurate methods for detecting gene expression data. The screening of stable internal reference genes is the most critical step for studying the molecular mechanisms of environmental adaptability. Read More

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Laparo-endoscopic combination for the safe extraction of an open safety pin in a 9-month-old child. Case report.

Ann Med Surg (Lond) 2021 Sep 13;69:102716. Epub 2021 Aug 13.

Pediatric Surgery Unit, Women's and Children's Health Department, University of Padua, Padova, Italy.

Introduction: and importance: Accidental ingestion of foreign bodies (FBs) is common among infants. In case of sharp FBs, the risk of accidental organ damage with potential life-threatening complications constitutes an absolute indication for removal. We present the case of a child, who, following the ingestion of an open safety pin, was successfully treated exclusively with minimally invasive techniques. Read More

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September 2021

Abdomen and thorax clinical anatomy: from viscera morphology and vascularization to epidural and caudal anesthetic techniques.

Surg Radiol Anat 2021 Sep;43(9):1401

Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, University of Lorraine, Avenue de la Forêt de Haye, 54505, Vandœuvre-lès-Nancy, France.

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September 2021

[Pelvic exenteration in patients with locally advanced, symptomatic castration-resistant prostate cancer].

Urologe A 2021 Aug 23. Epub 2021 Aug 23.

Klinik und Poliklinik für Urologie, Uro-Onkologie, spezielle urologische und roboter-assistierte Chirurgie, Universitätsklinikum Köln, Kerpener Str. 62, 50937, Köln, Deutschland.

Goal: The retrospective evaluation of clinical outcomes after palliative pelvic exenteration (PPE) in patients with subvesical and supravesical complications due to symptomatic locally advanced castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC).

Patients And Methods: In all, 84 patients with locally advanced and symptomatic CRPC underwent radical cystoprostatectomy (n = 71, 83.3%) or anterior and posterior exenteration (n = 13, 16. Read More

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Aggressive malignant phyllodes tumor of breast with omental metastases - A case report.

Breast Dis 2021 Apr 26. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Ida B Scudder Cancer Centre, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India.

Distant metastasis from malignant Phyllodes tumour (PT) is rare. They generally metastasize to the lung, bone, pleura, and liver. We present a very rare case of a 25-year-old woman with intraabdominal metastases from malignant phyllodes tumour of the breast. Read More

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Radiation Toxicity in Patients With Collagen Vascular Disease: A Meta-analysis of Case-Control Studies.

Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 2021 Aug 19. Epub 2021 Aug 19.

Loyola University Chicago, Stritch School of Medicine, Department of Radiation Oncology, Maywood, Illinois.

Purpose: Several retrospective series have reported that patients with collagen vascular disease (CVD) are at increased risk of radiation (RT) toxicity. However, the evidence is mixed, and many series lack control groups. We performed a meta-analysis including only case-cohort or randomized studies that examined the risk of RT toxicity for patients with CVD compared with controls. Read More

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A unique case of Fusobacterium nucleatum spondylodiscitis communicating with a pleural empyema through a fistula.

APMIS 2021 Aug 21. Epub 2021 Aug 21.

Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Zealand University Hospital, Roskilde, Denmark.

Species (spp.) belonging to the genus Fusobacterium are anaerobic commensals colonizing the upper respiratory tract, the gastrointestinal tract, and the genitals. Infections with Fusobacterium spp. Read More

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Minimizing table time in patients with claustrophobia using focused ferumoxytol-enhanced MR angiography (-FEMRA): a feasibility study.

Br J Radiol 2021 Sep;94(1125):20210430

Department of Radiological Sciences, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA and VA Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System, Los Angeles, California, United States.

Objectives: To assess the feasibility of a rapid, focused ferumoxytol-enhanced MR angiography (-FEMRA) protocol in patients with claustrophobia.

Methods: In this retrospective study, 13 patients with claustrophobia expressed reluctance to undergo conventional MR angiography, but agreed to a trial of up to 10 min in the scanner bore and underwent -FEMRA. Thirteen matched control patients who underwent gadolinium-enhanced MR angiography (GEMRA) were identified for comparison of diagnostic image quality. Read More

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September 2021

Is CT thorax, abdomen and pelvis a useful test in patients with weight loss?

J Med Imaging Radiat Oncol 2021 Aug 20. Epub 2021 Aug 20.

Department of Radiology, Beaumont Hospital, Dublin, Ireland.

Introduction: Unintentional weight loss is an important clinical problem. The role of CT is not firmly established in the workup of these patients. The aim of this study is to determine the diagnostic yield of CT Thorax, Abdomen and Pelvis (CT TAP) in patients with unexplained weight loss and to determine whether clinical or laboratory variables are associated with positive CT findings. Read More

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Layers of interstitial fluid flow along a "slit-shaped" vascular adventitia.

J Zhejiang Univ Sci B 2021 Aug;22(8):647-663

Institute of Computing Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China.

Interstitial fluid (ISF) flow through vascular adventitia has been discovered recently. However, its kinetic pattern was unclear. We used histological and topographical identification to observe ISF flow along venous vessels in rabbits. Read More

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Wandering parasite: endoscopic management of hydatid cysts of abdomen encroaching thorax.

Surg Endosc 2021 Aug 19. Epub 2021 Aug 19.

Grant Medical College and Sir JJ Group of Hospitals, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

Background: Minimal access surgery has opened avenues of hybrid approach for abdominal hydatid cysts extending into thorax. This approach of combined laparoscopy and thoracoscopy should be evaluated for its feasibility and efficacy.

Aim: Present prospective study was designed to highlight the feasibility and utility of endoscopic approach in the management of complex hydatid cyst of the liver and spleen extending into the thorax. Read More

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Cutaneous metastasis of cecum cancer with MSI-high and BRAFV600E mutation: a case report.

Surg Case Rep 2021 Aug 18;7(1):185. Epub 2021 Aug 18.

Department of Surgery, Hiroshima City Hiroshima Citizens Hospital, 7-33 Motomachi, Naka-ku, Hiroshima, 730-8518, Japan.

Background: Cutaneous metastases of colorectal cancer (CRC) are rare, occurring in 0.7% to 5% of cancer patients. Furthermore, the molecular subtypes of cutaneous metastasis of CRC are unclear. Read More

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