75,565 results match your criteria thorax

Balloon expandable aortic stent-graft for the treatment of aortic aneurysm and rupture in a dog.

J Vet Emerg Crit Care (San Antonio) 2021 Sep 23. Epub 2021 Sep 23.

Department of Small Animal Surgery, The Veterinary Teaching Hospital, Koret School of Veterinary Medicine, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, Israel.

Objective: To describe the successful placement of an aortic stent graft in a dog suffering from aortic aneurysm and rupture.

Case Summary: A 4-year-old neutered female mixed breed dog weighing 25 kg was presented with a chief complaint of acute onset of weakness and respiratory distress. On presentation, the dog was lateral and unresponsive, hypothermic, tachycardic, and tachypneic. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Different perceptions of thorax anatomy and hand placement for chest compressions among healthcare professionals and laypersons: Implications for cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

Resusc Plus 2021 Sep 29;7:100138. Epub 2021 Jun 29.

Department of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Health, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark.

Aim: The European Resuscitation Council guidelines recommend that the hand position for chest compressions is obtained by "placing the heel of your hand in the centre of the chest". Importantly, guidelines are based on a study on healthcare professionals being extrapolated to laypersons. This study explored whether healthcare professionals and laypersons differ in anatomical knowledge necessary for obtaining the correct hand position for chest compressions and understanding of European Resuscitation Council guideline recommendations in the absence of a demonstration. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Contribution of neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio to the diagnostic efficiency of computed tomography and polymerase chain reaction in COVID-19 patients.

SAGE Open Med 2021 18;9:20503121211046416. Epub 2021 Sep 18.

Faculty of Medicine, Namik Kemal University, Tekirdağ, Turkey.

Background: 6.5% of the country's population was diagnosed with COVID-19 disease. Computed tomography scanning and polymerase chain reaction tests are considered reliable methods for the detection of COVID-19. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Cardiovascular events in perimembranous ventricular septal defect with left ventricular volume overload: a French prospective cohort study (FRANCISCO).

Cardiol Young 2021 Sep 23:1-6. Epub 2021 Sep 23.

Department of Pediatric Cardiology, centre de competence M3C, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Charles Nicolle, Rouen, France.

The long-term prospective multi-centre nationwide (French) observational study FRANCISCO will provide new information on perimembranous ventricular septal defect with left ventricular overload but no pulmonary hypertension in children older than 1 year. Outcomes will be compared according to treatment strategy (watchful waiting, surgical closure, or percutaneous closure) and anatomic features of the defect. The results are expected to provide additional guidance about the optimal treatment of this specific population, which is unclear at present. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Spontaneous pneumomediastinum incidence and clinical features in non-intubated patients with COVID-19.

Clinics (Sao Paulo) 2021 20;76:e2959. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Department of Family Medicine, Bursa Yuksek Ihtisas Training and Research Hospital, Health Sciences University, Bursa, Turkey.

Objectives: To evaluate the presentation characteristics and disease course of seven patients with COVID-19 who spontaneously developed pneumomediastinum without a history of mechanical ventilation.

Methods: A total of seven non-intubated patients with COVID-19, of age ranging from 18-67 years, who developed spontaneous pneumomediastinum between 01 April and 01 October 2020 were included in the study. Patients' demographic data, clinical variables, and laboratory values were examined. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Hemophagocytic Lymphohistiocytosis in a Patient With Familial Mediterrean Fever and Miliary Tuberculosis: A Case Report.

Mod Rheumatol Case Rep 2021 Sep 22. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

Istanbul University-Cerrahpasa, Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty, Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Rheumatology, Istanbul, Turkey.

Hemophagocytic Lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a lethal complication of several infections especially viral origin. M.Tuberculosis infection can also lead HLH, yet it is an uncommon trigger. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Significant Liver Atrophy Due to Vascular Compromise Associated With Adult Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia.

Cureus 2021 Aug 13;13(8):e17158. Epub 2021 Aug 13.

Transplant Unit, Department of Surgery, Atal Bihari Vajpayee Institute of Medical Sciences (ABVIMS) and Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital (RMLH), Delhi, IND.

Diaphragmatic hernia in adults is mostly post-traumatic in origin, and rarely congenital. In both situations, the right side is less commonly involved due to the protection offered by the liver and earlier closure of the right pleuroperitoneal canal. A congenital diaphragmatic hernia may present in adulthood with multi-visceral contents, of which the liver is an extremely rare content, mentioned only in a few previous reports. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

[Redo Operation for Mediastinal Tumor].

Kyobu Geka 2021 Sep;74(10):839-844

Department of Surgery, Division of Thoracic Surgery, Shimane University Faculty of Medicine, Izumo, Japan.

The mediastinum contains large blood vessels, airways, and spinal cord, which are anatomically important parts of the human body because they survive by injury, obstruction, and compression, and are involved in activities of daily living( ADL). Therefore, even benign tumors have been indicated for aggressive surgical intervention. Dissection procedures from these anatomically important structures is extremely risky and difficult in reoperation for recurrence of mediastinal tumors, so careful consideration and attention must be paid to the surgical indications and methods. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Development and prospective validation of a spatial dose pattern based model predicting acute pulmonary toxicity in patients treated with volumetric arc-therapy for locally advanced lung cancer.

Radiother Oncol 2021 Sep 18. Epub 2021 Sep 18.

Department of Radiation Oncology, University Hospital, Brest, France; LaTIM UMR 1101 INSERM, University Brest, Brest, France.

Introduction: (Chemo)-radiotherapy is the standard treatment for patients with locally advanced lung cancer (LALC) not accessible to surgery. Despite strict application of dose constraints, acute toxicities such as acute pulmonary toxicity (APT) remain frequent, and may impact treatment's compliance and patients' quality of life. Previously, on a population treated with intensity-modulated photon therapy or passive scattering proton therapy, spatial dose patterns associated with APT were identified in the lower lungs, especially in the posterior right lung. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

AEOL 10150 Alleviates Radiation-induced Innate Immune Responses in Non-human Primate Lung Tissue.

Health Phys 2021 Oct;121(4):331-344

Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21201.

Abstract: To study the molecular and cellular mechanisms of radiation-induced lung injury (RILI) in a non-human primate model, Rhesus macaques were irradiated with lethal doses of radiation to the whole thorax. A subset of the irradiated animals was treated with AEOL 10150, a potent catalytic scavenger of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species. Lung tissues were collected at necropsy for molecular and immunohistochemical (IHC) studies. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
October 2021

Rate of lung function decline slows in the 3 years after targeted lung denervation in COPD.

Respir Med 2021 Sep 14;188:106604. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Department of Pulmonary Diseases, University of Groningen, University Medical Centre Groningen, Groningen, the Netherlands; Groningen Research Institute for Asthma and COPD, University of Groningen, University Medical Centre Groningen, Groningen, the Netherlands.

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Still's disease: a rare condition, in a patient of unusual age.

Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc 2020 ;58(4):517-521

Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Centro Médico Nacional La Raza, Hospital de Especialidades "Dr. Antonio Fraga Mouret", Departamento de Medicina Interna. Ciudad de México, México.

IntroducciÓn: Cuando inicia en el adulto, la enfermedad de Still es de mayor prevalencia en caucásicos y entre los 16 y 35 años. De etiología desconocida, se asocia a HLA-II, DR2, 4 y 7, y Bw35. El comienzo de los síntomas es agudo, con fiebre en agujas, asociada a exantema en las extremidades y el tronco, maculopapular, eritematoso y evanescente, pruriginoso, con fenómeno de Koebner. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2020

Immediate changes in chest mobility and trunk muscle activity during pelvic tilt following different trunk muscle exercises.

J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil 2021 Sep 17. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Jindo Osteopathic Council Athlete, Saitama, Japan.

Background: Given the characteristics of the superficial trunk muscles that cross the chest and pelvis, their excessive contraction might limit chest mobility.

Objective: To examine the immediate effects of two types of trunk muscle exercises on chest mobility and trunk muscle activities.

Methods: Fourteen healthy men (age: 21. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Live Imaging of Myogenesis in Indirect Flight Muscles in .

Dagan Segal

Bio Protoc 2017 Jul 5;7(13):e2377. Epub 2017 Jul 5.

Department of Molecular Genetics, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel.

The indirect flight muscles (IFMs) are the largest muscles in the fly, making up the bulk of the adult thorax. IFMs in are generated during pupariation by fusion of hundreds of muscle precursor cells (myoblasts) with larval muscle templates (myotubes). Prominent features, including the large number of fusion events, the structural similarity to vertebrate muscles, and the amenability to the powerful genetic techniques of the system make the IFMs an attractive system to study muscle cell fusion. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Thoracoabdominal duplication with hematochezia as an onset symptom in a baby: A case report.

World J Clin Cases 2021 Aug;9(24):7261-7268

Department of Surgery, Children's Hospital of Fudan University, National Children's Medical Center, Shanghai 201102, China.

Background: Alimentary tract duplication is a rare congenital disease that may occur in any part of the alimentary tract, whereas thoracoabdominal duplications only account for approximately 2% of all alimentary tract duplication cases. Many symptoms, including abdominal pain, abdominal distension, vomiting, gastrointestinal bleeding, chest discomfort, chest pain, and shortness of breath, may be present in patients with abdominal or thoracic duplication.

Case Summary: A 10-mo-old infant, with a free previous medical history, was admitted to our hospital with melena three times in 6 d. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Clinical Features, Radiological Findings, and Treatment Outcomes in Patients with Pulmonary Nocardiosis: A Retrospective Analysis.

Cureus 2021 Aug 17;13(8):e17250. Epub 2021 Aug 17.

Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Jodhpur, IND.

Introduction Lack of specific clinical features makes the diagnosis of pulmonary nocardiosis difficult. A high index of suspicion is required for diagnosis especially in cohorts with pre-existing risk factors. This study aimed to study the clinical and radiological characteristics and outcomes in patients with pulmonary nocardiosis. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Real-time CEUS-guided biopsy revealing a littoral cell angioma of the spleen after inconclusive CT and MRI findings.

J Ultrason 2021 Aug 9;21(86):e244-e247. Epub 2021 Sep 9.

Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Corporate Member of Freie Universität Berlin, Humbold-Universität zu Berlin, and Berlin Institute of Health, Department of Radiology, Berlin, Germany.

The aim of this case report is to present real-time CEUS-guided biopsy for diagnosing rare benign splenic pathologies after inconclusive findings on cross-sectional imaging. We present the case of a 50-year-old male patient who received a contrast-enhanced computed tomography scan of the thorax during the evaluation for lung transplant due to lung fibrosis, with incidental finding of disseminated hypodense splenic lesions. During follow-up imaging, the patient did not tolerate a complete MRI examination, and two acquired pulse sequences did not confirm the final diagnosis. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Peritoneal mesothelioma with invasion of the urinary bladder 20 years post radiation therapy for colon adenocarcinoma.

J Surg Case Rep 2021 Sep 15;2021(9):rjab392. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Department of Urology, Mater Dei Hospital, Msida, Malta.

We present the case of a 66-year-old male with a history of iatrogenic bladder injury and radiation therapy for colon adenocarcinoma 20 years prior. A computed tomography of the thorax, abdomen and pelvis, reported a presacral mass with invasion to the bladder, ureters and lymph nodes. An initial bladder biopsy was histologically inconclusive. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Heart and Aorta Anomalies in Turner Syndrome and Relation with Karyotype.

Acta Endocrinol (Buchar) 2021 Apr-Jun;17(1):124-130

Istanbul University - Department of Pediatric Endocrinology, Fatih, Istanbul, Turkey.

Objectives: Turner Syndrome (TS) is associated with a high risk of cardiac anomalies and cardiovascular disease. We aimed to evaluate patients with TS (n=33) for cardiac and aortic pathology using thorax magnetic resonance angiography (MRA).

Subjects And Methods: Clinical findings, karyotypes, echocardiogram (ECHO) findings and thorax MRA results were evaluated. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
October 2021

[Patient transport and networks for use of extracorporeal life support].

Z Herz Thorax Gefasschir 2021 Sep 15:1-8. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Herzchirurgische Klinik und Poliklinik, Klinikum der LMU, Marchioninistr. 15, 81377 München, Deutschland.

New technologies and continuous further development of extracorporeal support systems have expanded the range of applications of extracorporeal life support (ECLS) in recent years. In addition to use in cardiogenic shock or resuscitation, the number of requests for the transfer of unstable patients from peripheral hospitals are increasing. Organizational challenges such as the establishment of networks and structured team training for all parties involved mean that the ECLS team is quickly available to reach the patient. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Diagnostic Value of F-Fluorodeoxyglucose Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography in Prosthetic Pulmonary Valve Infective Endocarditis.

JACC Cardiovasc Imaging 2021 Sep 8. Epub 2021 Sep 8.

Bordeaux University Hospital (CHU), Department of Pediatric and Adult Congenital Cardiology, Pessac, France; IHU Liryc, Electrophysiology and Heart Modeling Institute, Fondation Bordeaux Université, Pessac-Bordeaux, France; INSERM, Centre de recherche Cardio-Thoracique de Bordeaux, U1045, Bordeaux, France.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess the diagnostic performances of F-fluorodeoxyglucose (F-FDG) positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) in congenital heart disease (CHD) patients with pulmonary prosthetic valve or conduit endocarditis (PPVE) suspicion.

Background: PPVE is a major issue in the growing CHD population. Diagnosis is challenging, and usual imaging tools are not always efficient or validated in this specific population. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Does body size influence mating success? A morphometric study of two (Diptera: Tephritidae) fruit fly species.

Bull Entomol Res 2021 Sep 20:1-13. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

El Colegio de la Frontera Sur (ECOSUR), Carretera Antiguo Aeropuerto, C.P. 30700, Tapachula, Chiapas, México.

Male mating success depends on various traits and factors, and correctly identifying these traits can be key in the context of pest management. For tephritid pests, controlled through the sterile insect technique (SIT) traits, such as male size, can be manipulated through mass-rearing procedures. Thus, it is particularly important to understand whether male size can favor mating success. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Distinct genetic architectures underlie divergent thorax, leg, and wing pigmentation between Drosophila elegans and D. gunungcola.

Heredity (Edinb) 2021 Sep 18. Epub 2021 Sep 18.

Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

Pigmentation divergence between Drosophila species has emerged as a model trait for studying the genetic basis of phenotypic evolution, with genetic changes contributing to pigmentation differences often mapping to genes in the pigment synthesis pathway and their regulators. These studies of Drosophila pigmentation have tended to focus on pigmentation changes in one body part for a particular pair of species, but changes in pigmentation are often observed in multiple body parts between the same pair of species. The similarities and differences of genetic changes responsible for divergent pigmentation in different body parts of the same species thus remain largely unknown. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Comparison of cervical motion restriction and interface pressure between two cervical collars.

Clin Biomech (Bristol, Avon) 2021 Sep 10;89:105482. Epub 2021 Sep 10.

MORE Foundation, 18444 N 25(th) Ave. Suite 110, Phoenix, AZ 85023, USA. Electronic address:

Background Cervical collar treatment is widespread amongst a broad range of ages and conditions. However, these devices are associated with a known correlation between collar usage and adverse effects such as pressure ulcers, infections, exacerbated spinal injury, and higher morbidity. The objective of this study was to determine if the ability of a newly developed DJO Procare XTEND 174 collar to restrict cervical spine motion was similar to that of the previously studied Össur Miami J collar and to determine if this was done while producing similar tissue interface pressures. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

How and why do bees buzz? Implications for buzz pollination.

J Exp Bot 2021 Sep 19. Epub 2021 Sep 19.

Biological and Environmental Sciences, University of Stirling, Stirling, Scotland, United Kingdom.

Buzz pollination encompasses the evolutionary convergence of specialised floral morphologies and pollinator behaviour in which bees use vibrations (floral buzzes) to remove pollen. Floral buzzes are one of several types of vibrations produced by bees using their thoracic muscles. Here I review how bees can produce these different types of vibrations and discuss the implications of this mechanistic understanding for buzz pollination. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Use of Tranexamic Acid in Traumatic Resuscitation in a Prehospital Setting: A Case Report.

Air Med J 2021 Sep-Oct;40(5):359-362. Epub 2021 Jun 25.

Helicopter Emergency Medical Services, Military Firefighters Corps of the Federal District, Brasília, Brazil. Electronic address:

This study describes the use of tranexamic acid associated with other measures in the initial approach to contain bleeding in a situation of hemorrhagic shock in a trauma patient. The case describes the care of a young man with multiple thorax punctures by a melee weapon, quickly progressing to a condition of severe shock, in addition to the action of a helicopter emergency medical team supporting the patient's transportation from a low-complexity emergency care unit to a specialized unit. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

European and US Real-World Treatment Patterns in Patients with Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Mutation-Positive Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer: A Retrospective Medical Record Review.

Drugs Real World Outcomes 2021 Sep 17. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Johns Hopkins Sidney Kimmel Cancer Center, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Background: Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) are the preferred first-line (1L) therapy for EGFR mutation-positive (EGFRm) advanced/metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

Objective: Our objective was to describe real-world treatment patterns and T790M testing practices in patients with 1L disease progression (Europe/USA) following treatment with first- or second-generation EGFR-TKIs.

Methods: This was a retrospective, non-interventional medical record review of patients with EGFRm locally advanced/metastatic NSCLC from routine clinical practice (EGFR-TKI initiation: 1 January 2015 to 31 December 2017; follow-up: last available medical record). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Efficacy and Safety of Ticagrelor Monotherapy by Clinical Presentation: Pre-Specified Analysis of the GLOBAL LEADERS Trial.

J Am Heart Assoc 2021 Sep 17;10(18):e015560. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Department of Medicine and Institute of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation Applied Health Research CentreLi Ka Shing Knowledge Institute of St. Michael's HospitalUniversity of Toronto Canada.

Background The optimal duration of dual antiplatelet therapy after coronary drug-eluting stent placement in adults with stable coronary artery disease (SCAD) versus acute coronary syndromes (ACS) remains uncertain. Methods and Results This was a prespecified subgroup analysis of the GLOBAL LEADERS trial. Participants were randomly assigned 1:1 to the experimental or reference strategy, stratified by ACS (experimental, n=3750; reference, n=3737) versus SCAD (experimental, n=4230; reference, n=4251). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

A Thoracic Endometriosis-Related Catamenial Hemopneumothorax in a Woman With Premature Ovarian Failure.

Cureus 2021 Aug 11;13(8):e17110. Epub 2021 Aug 11.

Internal Medicine, Detroit Medical Center Sinai-Grace Hospital, Detroit, USA.

Endometriosis is the presence of endometrial glands and stroma outside the uterine cavity. It is usually confined to the pelvis, particularly the ovaries, cul-de-sac, broad ligaments, and uterosacral ligaments, but it can also expand outside the pelvis. The thorax is among the common extrapelvic locations. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Development and Characterization of a Chest CT Atlas.

Proc SPIE Int Soc Opt Eng 2021 15;2021. Epub 2021 Feb 15.

Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Vanderbilt University, Nashville TN, USA 37235.

A major goal of lung cancer screening is to identify individuals with particular phenotypes that are associated with high risk of cancer. Identifying relevant phenotypes is complicated by the variation in body position and body composition. In the brain, standardized coordinate systems (e. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
February 2021