12,245 results match your criteria thigh muscle


Usage of Accessory Anteromedial Portal for Anatomical Placement of Femoral Tunnel in Transportal Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: A Prospective Study.

Cureus 2021 Aug 11;13(8):e17095. Epub 2021 Aug 11.

Department of Orthopaedics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Raipur, Raipur, IND.

Background and objective The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) has an essential role in preserving the function and stability of the knee joint. It acts primarily to prevent anterior tibial translation. Arthroscopic ACL reconstruction using quadrupled hamstring graft is the widely practiced modality for treating ACL injuries nowadays. Read More

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An unusual presentation of hydatid cyst: A tight mass a case report with a literature review.

Radiol Case Rep 2021 Nov 8;16(11):3485-3490. Epub 2021 Sep 8.

Radiology department, Mohammed V Military Hospital, Rabat -Morocco.

Hydatidosis is a worldwide infectious disease caused by the larval form of a parasitic tapeworm of helminths affecting mainly the liver and lungs in cattle- and sheep-raising regions. Muscle localization remains extremely rare and its diagnosis is sometimes challenging. We report the case of a 45-year-old man presenting with a swelling of the left thigh gradually increasing in size. Read More

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November 2021

Retrospective Diagnosis of Malignant Struma Ovarii After Discovery of Pulmonary Metastasis.

AACE Clin Case Rep 2021 Sep-Oct;7(5):320-322. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Department of Medicine, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York.

Objective: Malignant struma ovarii diagnosis is challenging due to its benign histologic appearance and rarity. We present a case of struma ovarii determined malignant after pulmonary metastases were incidentally discovered.

Methods: A 29-year-old female with a history of benign struma ovarii presented to the emergency room with right lower abdominal pain. Read More

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Case series of two successful pelvic ring reconstructions using a pedicled anterolateral thigh flap.

JPRAS Open 2021 Dec 10;30:84-90. Epub 2021 Aug 10.

Division of Plastic Surgery, MetroHealth, Cleveland, OH, United States.

Open pelvic ring fractures can have devastating functional consequences including prolonged disability, chronic pain, infection, and even death. These injuries are uncommon but often involve soft tissue defects. Without early and appropriate coverage, patients are likely to sustain infection, which can be fatal. Read More

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December 2021

A new therapeutic approach with tocilizumab in a 39-year-old patient with recurrent diabetic myonecrosis.

Mod Rheumatol Case Rep 2021 Sep 10. Epub 2021 Sep 10.

Department of Rheumatology and Clinical Immunology, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany.

We report the case of a 39-year-old female patient with acute painful swelling of the left thigh and symmetric muscle weakness in both upper legs. The patient had a history of long-standing, poorly controlled type 1 diabetes which required dialysis. Serum inflammatory markers were highly elevated. Read More

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September 2021

Intra- and Extrathoracic Malignant Tracheoesophageal Fistula-A Differentiated Reconstructive Algorithm.

Cancers (Basel) 2021 Aug 27;13(17). Epub 2021 Aug 27.

Department of General, Vascular and Thoracic Surgery, RoMed Klinikum, 83022 Rosenheim, Germany.

Background: Tracheoesophageal fistulae (TEF) after oncologic resections and multimodal treatment are life-threatening and surgically challenging. Radiation and prior procedures hamper wound healing and lead to high complication rates. We present an interdisciplinary algorithm for the treatment of TEF derived from the therapy of consecutive patients. Read More

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Characteristics of the Passive Muscle Stiffness of the Vastus Lateralis: A Feasibility Study to Assess Muscle Fibrosis.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Aug 25;18(17). Epub 2021 Aug 25.

Faculty of Sport and Health Science, Ritsumeikan University, Shiga 525-8577, Japan.

Skeletal muscle fibrosis occurs with aging and has been suggested to impair muscle performance, thereby decreasing quality of life. Recently, muscle stiffness, a surrogate measure of muscle fibrosis, was noninvasively quantified as the shear modulus using ultrasound shear wave elastography (SWE) in humans. We aimed to investigate thigh muscle stiffness in females and males, respectively, across a broad range of ages by using SWE. Read More

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Evaluation of rehabilitation exercise effects by using gradation-based skeletal muscle echo intensity in older individuals: a one-group before-and-after trial study.

BMC Geriatr 2021 09 6;21(1):485. Epub 2021 Sep 6.

Research Center of Health, Physical Fitness & Sports, Nagoya University, Nagoya, Aichi, Japan.

Background: Higher muscle echo intensity (EI) reflects higher content of fat and/or connective tissue within skeletal muscle, eventually inducing lower muscle strength, physical dysfunction, and metabolic impairment. Continuous exercise decreases muscle EI in older individuals; however, it is not well understood how several months' rehabilitation exercise affects gradation-based EI. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of 6 months of rehabilitation exercise on gradation-based higher and lower EI in older men and women. Read More

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September 2021

The impact of nonoperative hip and core injuries on National Football League athlete performance.

Phys Sportsmed 2021 Sep 11:1-6. Epub 2021 Sep 11.

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Division of Sports Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States.

Objectives: Hip and core injuries are common in National Football League (NFL) athletes; however, the impact following injury remains unclear. The goal of this manuscript was to determine the impact of nonoperative hip and core injuries on return to play and performance.

Methods: NFL athletes who sustained a hip or core injury treated nonoperatively between 2010 and 2016 were identified. Read More

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September 2021

Symptomatic hernia of the thigh musculature requiring reconstruction: A rare late presenting sequela after fascial release for compartment syndrome.

Trauma Case Rep 2021 Oct 25;35:100528. Epub 2021 Aug 25.

Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, RI, United States of America.

Acute compartment syndrome (ACS) of the lower extremity is a surgical emergency, often secondary to severe crush injury, and requires immediate fascial release. In treatment of ACS, the underlying fascia is left unrepaired and the subsequent fascial defect does not generally cause negative consequences. Here, we present a 24-year-old man who developed symptomatic muscle herniation 3-years after undergoing fascial release secondary to ACS of the anterior thigh. Read More

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October 2021

Obturator internus and externus muscle abscess caused by methicillin-resistant in a 6-year-old boy: A case report.

SAGE Open Med Case Rep 2021 1;9:2050313X211044340. Epub 2021 Sep 1.

Teaching Hospital Karapitiya, Galle, Sri Lanka.

Obturator abscess is a rare condition in children which usually occurs commonly in tropical countries. Because of its rarity, vague symptomatology and a lack of focus about this condition, the diagnosis of obturator abscess is commonly delayed or missed. Hence, physicians should be familiar with this condition and have a high index of suspicion when a patient presents with fever, pain in the thigh, hip or abdomen and a limp on the affected side which are considered as the classic clinical triad of obturator abscess. Read More

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September 2021

Editorial Commentary: Blood Flow Restriction Therapy Continues to Prove Effective.

Arthroscopy 2021 09;37(9):2870-2872

Eagan, Minnesota.

Blood flow restriction (BFR) training continues to look promising to try and maintain muscle mass or to rebuild muscle mass and strength after injury or surgery. Because additional potential benefits include pain control, increased gene expression (leading to atrophy reduction), and muscle excitation, our use of the modality favors earlier over middle- or late-phase postoperative use. We initiate BFR therapy 2-14 days postoperatively, often with reduced cuff pressure in the first several sessions before increasing to the recommended therapeutic occlusion level. Read More

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September 2021

[Treatment of a patient with giant solitary fibrous tumor of the left hip].

Khirurgiia (Mosk) 2021 (9):93-99

Novosibirsk State Regional Clinical Hospital, Novosibirsk, Russia.

The authors report surgical treatment of a 59-year-old female with a giant solitary-fibrous tumor of the left hip. Previous excision of hip hemangioma was performed in 2016. Recurrent tumor with fast growth has occurred since 2018. Read More

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September 2021

[Tropical pyomyositis of the iliacus, obturator internus, piriformis and psoas major muscles in an immunocompetent patient with claudication].

Acta Ortop Mex 2021 Jan-Feb;35(1):80-84

Servicio de Ortopedia y Traumatología, Hospital Universitario «Dr. José Eleuterio González», Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León (UANL). Monterrey, Nuevo León, México.

Introduction: Pyomyositis is a term that denotes pyogenic infection usually primary skeletal muscle, associated with hematogenous dispersion due to transient bacteremia, or penetrating trauma, usually forming abscesses. Classically described frequently in tropical areas and predominantly affecting the lower limb musculature, however, in recent decades it has increasingly been associated with areas of temperate climates and relatively more frequently in immunosuppressed patients, being the patients under 30 years the most affected.

Clinical Case: Male of 15 years without relevant medical history. Read More

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September 2021

Assessment of post-surgical donor-site morbidity in vastus lateralis free flap for head and neck reconstructive surgery: An observational study.

ANZ J Surg 2021 Sep 3. Epub 2021 Sep 3.

Illawarra Shoalhaven Local Health District, Wollongong Hospital, Wollongong, New South Wales, Australia.

Background: Vastus lateralis (VL) can be used to reconstruct defects of the head and neck. Whilst the advantages are documented, donor-site morbidity is not well described. This study aimed to assess donor-site morbidity after VL flap harvest. Read More

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September 2021

Anatomical retraction of the semitendinosus muscle following harvest of the distal semitendinosus tendon for ACL reconstruction.

Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 2021 Sep 1. Epub 2021 Sep 1.

Sports Orthopedic Research Center - Copenhagen (SORC-C), Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Copenhagen University Hospital, Amager-Hvidovre Hospital, Kettegård Alle 30, 2650, Hvidovre, Amager, Denmark.

Purpose: Retraction of semitendinosus muscle has been reported after reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament with semitendinosus/gracilis-graft. However, very little data exist on the natural variation in side-to-side length symmetry. The purpose of this study was to investigate the side-to-side asymmetry of semitendinosus muscle length in individuals with ACL reconstruction (ACLR) using the semitendinosus/gracilis-graft compared to a group of healthy control subjects to establish the level of retraction that can confidently be ascribed the surgery. Read More

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September 2021

Increases in Integrin-ILK-RICTOR-Akt Proteins, Muscle Mass, and Strength after Eccentric Cycling Training.

Med Sci Sports Exerc 2021 Aug 31. Epub 2021 Aug 31.

Exercise Medicine Research Institute, Edith Cowan University, Australia School of Medical and Health Sciences, Edith Cowan University, Australia Department of Kinesiology & Community Health, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, IL Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, IL.

Purpose: Recently it has been suggested that a cellular pathway composed of integrin, integrin-linked kinase (ILK), rapamycin-insensitive companion of mTOR (RICTOR), and Akt may facilitate long-term structural and functional adaptations associated with exercise, independent of the mTORC1 pathway. Therefore, we examined changes in integrin-ILK-RICTOR-Akt protein in vastus lateralis (VL) before and after 8 weeks of eccentric cycling training (ECC) which was expected to increase muscle function and VL cross-sectional area (CSA).

Methods: Eleven men (23 ± 4 years) completed 24 sessions of ECC with progressive increases in intensity and duration, resulting in a 2-fold increase in work from the first three (75. Read More

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Dietary carnosic acid and seleno-compounds change concentrations of fatty acids, cholesterol, tocopherols and malondialdehyde in fat and heart of lambs.

Anim Nutr 2021 Sep 22;7(3):812-822. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

The Kielanowski Institute of Animal Physiology and Nutrition, Polish Academy of Sciences, 05-110 Jabłonna, Poland.

The aim of the current study was to evaluate the impact of carnosic acid (CA), selenised yeast (Se) and selenate (Se) supplemented to diets, including fish oil (FO) and rapeseed oil (RO), on the content of fatty acids, total cholesterol (TCh), tocopherols and malondialdehyde in the fat located between the thigh muscles and the heart in lambs. Twenty-four male Corriedale lambs were divided into 4 groups of 6 animals. Animals were fed a diet with FO and RO (the control diet) or experimental diets containing RO, FO and CA with/without Se (as Se or Se). Read More

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September 2021

Dietary supplementation with acidifiers improves the growth performance, meat quality and intestinal health of broiler chickens.

Anim Nutr 2021 Sep 16;7(3):762-769. Epub 2021 Jun 16.

State Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, College of Animal Science and Technology, China Agricultural University, Beijing, 100193, China.

This experiment was conducted to study the effects of dietary supplementation with acidifiers on the growth performance, meat quality, and intestinal health of broiler chickens. A total of 648 male Arbor Acres broiler chickens at 1 d old were randomly divided into 6 groups, and each group consisted of 6 replicates with 18 broilers per replicate. The dietary treatments were as follows: negative control (NC, the basal diet), NC + antibiotic (enramycin, 8 mg/kg, positive control [PC]), NC + phosphoric acid (PA, 0. Read More

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September 2021

Thigh tissue composition exhibits a curvilinear relationship with aging: A cross-sectional study.

J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact 2021 09;21(3):358-363

Department of Physiotherapy, School of Rehabilitation Sciences, The University of Jordan, Jordan.

Objectives: To explore whether quadratic model will better estimate the relationship between aging and thigh tissue composition in a cohort that range in age from young to older adults.

Methods: 51 healthy subjects participated in this investigation. All subjects underwent CT imaging for the thigh. Read More

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September 2021

Unusual intramuscular locations as a first presentation of hydatid cyst disease in children: a report of two cases.

BMC Pediatr 2021 08 31;21(1):371. Epub 2021 Aug 31.

Department of Diagnostic Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdullah University Hospital, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, 22110, Jordan.

Background: Hydatid disease is an endemic disease in many countries of the world including the Middle East. It mainly affects the liver and lungs. Intramuscular hydatid disease is rarely reported in children. Read More

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Agreement between methods and terminology used to assess the kinematics of the Nordic hamstring exercise.

J Sports Sci 2021 Aug 30:1-10. Epub 2021 Aug 30.

Sports Engineering Research Group (SERG), Advanced Wellbeing Research Centre (AWRC), Sheffield Hallam University, Sheffield, South Yorkshire, UK.

The Nordic hamstring exercise (NHE) is employed as a component of preventative training programmes to minimise hamstring strain injury risk. Variation in the methods and terminology used to assess the NHE makes comparison between studies difficult. We aimed to compare the utility of kinetic and kinematic metrics by comparing several collected concurrently. Read More

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Assessment of knee flexor muscles strength in patients with patellar instability and its clinical implications for the non-surgical treatment of patients after first patellar dislocation - pilot study.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2021 Aug 28;22(1):740. Epub 2021 Aug 28.

Clinic of Orthopaedic and Traumatology, Polish Mother's Memorial Hospital Research Institute, Rzgowska 281/289, 93-338, Lodz, Poland.

Background: Biomechanical studies indicate that during outward rotation of the tibia and the valgus knee joint position, the patella is shifted in the lateral direction. After first-time patellar dislocation, the dynamic position of the femur in relation to the tibia plays an important role in joint stability, because the medial stabilizer of the patella (mostly the MPFL) is damaged or inefficient. The most important factor in controlling the rotational movement of the tibia in relation to the thigh are the hamstring muscles. Read More

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Acute nontraumatic rhabdomyolysis in a Greyhound after albuterol toxicosis.

J Vet Emerg Crit Care (San Antonio) 2021 Aug 27. Epub 2021 Aug 27.

School of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Medical Sciences, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin, USA.

Objective: To describe the clinical features of rhabdomyolysis due to albuterol toxicosis in a Greyhound.

Case Summary: A 4-year-old neutered male Greyhound was presented for albuterol toxicosis leading to severe hypokalemia and respiratory paralysis. After 3 hours of mechanical ventilation, pigmenturia and marked enlargement, firmness, and pain of the left thigh muscles were noted. Read More

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Skeletal muscle metastasis from a gastrointestinal stromal tumor: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Aug;100(34):e27011

Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Hubei Cancer Hospital, Tongji Medical College, University of Science and Technology Huazhong, Wuhan, China.

Rationale: Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are the most common mesenchymal tumors of the gastrointestinal tract. Common sites for metastasis are the liver and peritoneum, whereas skeletal muscle metastases are rare.

Patient Concerns: A 59-year-old man with skeletal muscle metastasis was diagnosed during a period of adjuvant imatinib therapy following the recurrence of GIST of the small intestine. Read More

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Training Benefits and Injury Risks of Standing Yoga Applied in Musculoskeletal Problems: Lower Limb Biomechanical Analysis.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 08 9;18(16). Epub 2021 Aug 9.

Department of Sports Medicine, College of Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung 80708, Taiwan.

Standing yoga poses strengthen a person's legs and helps to achieve the goal of musculoskeletal rehabilitation, but inadequate exercise planning can cause injuries. This study investigated changes in the electromyogram and joint moments of force (JMOFs) of lower extremities during common standing yoga poses in order to explore the feasibility and possible injury risk in dealing with musculoskeletal problems. Eleven yoga instructors were recruited to execute five yoga poses (Chair, Tree, Warrior 1, 2, and 3). Read More

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Dietary Curcumin Improves Energy Metabolism, Brain Monoamines, Carcass Traits, Muscle Oxidative Stability and Fatty Acid Profile in Heat-Stressed Broiler Chickens.

Antioxidants (Basel) 2021 Aug 9;10(8). Epub 2021 Aug 9.

Department of Animal Wealth Development, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Zagazig University, Sharkia P.O. Box 44511, Egypt.

The aim of the present study was to elucidate the impacts of dietary curcumin supplementation on energy metabolism, brain monoamines and muscle oxidative stability in heat-stressed broilers. In total, 120 day-old chicks were allocated into three equal groups of four replicates. The first group (T) was maintained on a thermoneutral condition, while the second group (T) was subjected to 8 h of thermal stress (34 °C), and both groups fed the basal diet with no supplement. Read More

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Effects of Nutritional Restriction during Laying Period of Fat and Lean Line Broiler Breeder Hens on Meat Quality Traits of Offspring.

Animals (Basel) 2021 Aug 18;11(8). Epub 2021 Aug 18.

Institute of Animal Nutrition, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin 150030, China.

The offspring meat quality of hens undergoing a 25% dietary restriction treatment during the laying period were evaluated in fat and lean line breeder. A total of 768 female birds (384/line) were randomly assigned to four groups (12 replicates/group, 16 birds/replicates). Maternal feed restriction (MFR) and normal started at 27 weeks of age. Read More

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Hepatoprotective, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antiviral activities of silymarin against mayaro virus infection.

Antiviral Res 2021 Oct 23;194:105168. Epub 2021 Aug 23.

Programa de Pós Graduação Em Cie^ncias Biológicas, Núcleo de Pesquisas Em Cie^ncias Biológicas, NUPEB, Universidade Federal de Ouro Preto, Ouro Preto, Minas Gerais, Brazil; Departamento de Cie^ncias Biológicas, Universidade Federal de Ouro Preto, Ouro Preto, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Electronic address:

Infection caused by Mayaro virus (MAYV) is responsible for causing acute nonspecific fever, in which the majority of patients develop incapacitating and persistent arthritis/arthralgia. Mayaro fever is a neglected and underreported disease without treatment or vaccine, which has gained attention in recent years after the competence of Aedes aegypti to transmit MAYV was observed in the laboratory, coupled with the fact that cases are being increasingly reported outside of endemic forest areas, calling attention to the potential of an urban cycle arising in the near future. Thus, to mitigate the lack of information about the pathological aspects of MAYV, we previously described the involvement of oxidative stress in MAYV infection in cultured cells and in a non-lethal mouse model. Read More

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October 2021