35,214 results match your criteria thigh

Levofloxacin pharmacodynamics against Stenotrophomonas maltophilia in a neutropenic murine thigh infection model: implications for susceptibility breakpoint revision.

J Antimicrob Chemother 2021 Sep 20. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Center for Anti-Infective Research and Development, Hartford Hospital, Hartford, CT, USA.

Background: Levofloxacin displays in vitro activity against Stenotrophomonas maltophilia (STM); however, current susceptibility breakpoints are supported by limited data. We employed the murine neutropenic thigh infection model to assess levofloxacin pharmacodynamics against STM.

Methods: Twenty-six clinical STM were studied using the neutropenic murine thigh infection model. Read More

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September 2021

Salvage of a Near-Total Penile Amputation following Urinary Fistulization and Carbapenemase-Producing Infection with a Composite ALT Flap and Vascularized Fascia Lata.

Surg J (N Y) 2021 Jul 14;7(3):e237-e240. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Department of Urology, Centro Hospitalar Universitário São João, Faculty of Medicine, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal.

Reconstruction of complex penile defects is always challenging, as some defects are not possible to reconstruct with skin or mucosa grafts, and even local flaps may be precluded in complex wounds. We present a case of a 63-year-old otherwise healthy man, who underwent transurethral resection of the prostate for benign prostatic hyperplasia. After the procedure, he developed panurethral necrosis with consequent stricture. Read More

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Muscle Infarction Following Rapid Glycemic Control in a Patient With Diabetes-Associated Microvascular Disease.

Cureus 2021 Aug 14;13(8):e17182. Epub 2021 Aug 14.

Department of Internal Medicine IV, Systemic Immune-Mediated Diseases Unit (UDIMS), Hospital Professor Doutor Fernando Fonseca, Amadora, PRT.

We report a case of a 40-year-old African male with a history of diabetes mellitus with multiple microvascular complications, having recently initiated insulin treatment with a rapid decline in glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) concentration. The patient presented with a sudden onset of right thigh pain and swelling not associated with trauma. Blood work revealed elevated inflammatory markers. Read More

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Concomitant Gluteal and Thigh Compartment Syndrome Following Atraumatic Injury.

Cureus 2021 Aug 8;13(8):e17009. Epub 2021 Aug 8.

Surgery, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, New Orleans, USA.

Gluteal compartment syndrome is a rare diagnosis associated with pelvic trauma and subsequent surgical intervention. Herein, we discuss the case and management of gluteal and thigh compartment syndrome following prolonged immobilization secondary to alcohol. To our knowledge, we present the first case of concomitant gluteal and thigh compartment syndrome following atraumatic injury. Read More

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Influence of motor instruction words on body movements in step-over motions.

J Phys Ther Sci 2021 Sep 1;33(9):627-631. Epub 2021 Sep 1.

Department of Rehabilitation, Kyoto Kizugawa Hospital: 26-1 Hirakawanishirokutan, Jyoyo-shi, Kyoto 610-0101, Japan.

[Purpose] To quantitatively analyze the characteristics of movements evoked by certain motor instruction words on the basis of measurements of ankle elevation and related body movements in step-over motion tasks. [Participants and Methods] Sixty-one healthy adult participants were presented with motor instructions and asked to step over an obstacle in accordance with the instructions. The motor instructions were as follows: "Raise your XX (body part) up YY (expression)" in four combinations using "thigh" and "knee" for body part and "high" and "firmly" for expression. Read More

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September 2021

Comparative effect of dietary leaf and Butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) on carcass traits, meat quality, and oxidative stability of broiler chickens.

Kazeem D Adeyemi

J Food Sci Technol 2021 Nov 3;58(11):4359-4369. Epub 2021 Jan 3.

Department of Animal Production, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Ilorin, PMB 1515, Ilorin, Nigeria.

This study examined the impact of dietary supplementation of leaf powder (MLLP) and Butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) on carcass traits, physicochemical properties, and sensory attributes of different muscles in broiler chickens. Two hundred and forty 1-day old Arbor acre chicks were randomly allotted to either a negative control (NC), basal diet without additive; M-0.1, basal diet + 0. Read More

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November 2021

Invasive Mucormycosis Involving the Laryngopharynx After Bone Marrow Transplantation.

J Craniofac Surg 2021 Sep 17. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan, College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea.

Abstract: Invasive larynx or pharyngeal fungal infections are rare. We report an invasive fungal laryngopharyngitis patient who complained of a persistent sore throat after an allogenic bone marrow transplant and a haploidentical stem cell transplant. An antifungal gargle was used after finding necrotic changes extending from the right soft palate to the aryepiglottic fold. Read More

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September 2021

Late recanalization after complete occlusion of patent ductus arteriosus in a Pembroke Welsh Corgi with von Willebrand disease.

Vet Med Sci 2021 Sep 19. Epub 2021 Sep 19.

Department of Small Animal Surgery, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Azabu University, Sagamihara, Japan.

A 36-month-old female Pembroke Welsh Corgi with a cardiac murmur weighing 12.6 kg was referred to the Matsubara Animal Hospital cardiology service. Echocardiography revealed a patent ductus arteriosus. Read More

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September 2021

Including the Eccentric Phase in Resistance Training to Counteract the Effects of Detraining in Women: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

J Strength Cond Res 2021 Apr 5. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

Department of Biomedical Sciences for Health, University of Milan, Italy; School of Health and Sports Sciences, University of Suffolk, Ipswich, United Kingdom; Department of Neurological, Biomedicine and Movement Sciences, University of Verona, Verona, Italy; and CeRISM Research Center, University of Verona, Rovereto, Italy.

Abstract: Coratella, G, Beato, M, Bertinato, L, Milanese, C, Venturelli, M, and Schena, F. Including the eccentric phase in resistance training to counteract the effects of detraining in women: a randomized controlled trial. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2021-The current study compared the effects of concentric-based (CONC), eccentric-based (ECC), and traditional concentric-eccentric (TRAD) resistance training on muscle strength, mass, and architecture and the postdetraining retention of the training-induced effects in women. Read More

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Prevention and Management of Complications of Tissue Flaps.

Surg Clin North Am 2021 Oct 7;101(5):813-829. Epub 2021 Aug 7.

Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Surgery, Stanford University School of Medicine, 770 Welch Road, Suite 400, Stanford, CA 94305, USA; Hagey Laboratory for Pediatric Regenerative Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, 257 Campus Drive West, Stanford, CA 94305, USA; Department of Surgery, Stanford University School of Medicine, 257 Campus Drive West, GK103, Stanford, CA 94305, USA. Electronic address:

In this article, we discuss 4 common free flaps performed in reconstructive surgery: the anterolateral thigh flap, the radial forearm flap, the fibula flap, and the transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous/deep inferior epigastric perforator flap. Donor and recipient complications for each flap type and strategies on how to prevent and manage such complications are discussed. Read More

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October 2021

Acute Inflammatory, Anthropometric, and Perceptual (Muscle Soreness) Effects of Postresistance Exercise Water Immersion in Junior International and Subelite Male Volleyball Athletes.

J Strength Cond Res 2021 Sep 10. Epub 2021 Sep 10.

Australian Institute of Sport, Bruce, ACT, Australia; School of Medical and Health Sciences, Edith Cowan University, Joondalup, WA, Australia; Brumbies Rugby, Bruce, ACT, Australia; School of Medical Science and Menzies Health Institute QLD, Griffith University, Queensland, Australia; Center for Sport Research, School of Exercise & Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, Geelong, Victoria, Australia; Australian Catholic University, McAuley at Banyo, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia; Directorate of Psychology and Sport, University of Salford, Salford, Greater Manchester, United Kingdom; and New South Wales Institute of Sport, Sydney Olympic Park, New South Wales, Australia.

Abstract: Horgan, BG, West, NP, Tee, N, Drinkwater, EJ, Halson, SL, Vider, J, Fonda, CJ, Haff, GG, and Chapman, DW. Acute inflammatory, anthropometric, and perceptual (muscle soreness) effects of postresistance exercise water immersion in junior international and subelite male volleyball athletes. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2021-Athletes use water immersion strategies to recover from training and competition. Read More

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September 2021

The ACS-NSQIP surgical risk calculator is a poor predictor of postoperative complications in patients undergoing oncologic distal femoral replacement.

Knee 2021 Sep 15;33:17-23. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Mayo Clinic, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Rochester, MN, United States. Electronic address:

Background: Distal femur replacement (DFR) has become a preferred reconstruction for tumors involving the femur but is associated with known complications. The ACS-NSQIP surgical risk calculator is an online tool developed to estimate postoperative complications in the first 30-days, however, has not been used in patients undergoing DFR. The purpose of this study was determining the utility of the ACS-NSQIP calculator to predict postoperative complications. Read More

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September 2021

Experience in reconstruction of esophagus, epiglottis, and upper trachea due to caustic injuries in pediatric patients and establishment of algorithm.

Microsurgery 2021 Sep 18. Epub 2021 Sep 18.

Department of Plastic Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan.

Background: Unintentional swallowing of corrosive agents cause problems in the pediatric population. Swallowing dysfunction can be seen after injuring the pharynx and/or epiglottis which leads to the obstruction of esophagus. An algorithm was established taking into account the injury to the epiglottis and restoring gastrointestinal continuity with isolated or combine free and or supercharged jejunum flap, or supercharged colon transposition flap. Read More

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September 2021

The influence of testing positions and resistance locations on muscle activities during shoulder internal rotation strength measurements in young healthy adults.

J Orthop Sci 2021 Sep 14. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Upper Extremity Center of Joint Replacement & Endoscopy, Orthopedic Hokushin Hospital, Sapporo, Japan.

Background: Although some tests of shoulder internal rotator strength including subscapularis are commonly used in clinical practice, the differences in shoulder muscle activities other than subscapularis muscle among those tests are not well understood. The purpose of this study was to examine the activities of the superficial shoulder muscles in addition to internal rotation strength during two belly-press and three lift-off test positions.

Methods: Thirteen healthy young adult men (age 29. Read More

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September 2021

[Neoadjuvant Use of Isolated Limb Perfusion in Large Myxoid Liposarcoma of the Thigh: a Case Report].

Acta Chir Orthop Traumatol Cech 2021 ;88(4):321-324

Ústav patologie 1. lékařské fakulty Univerzity Karlovy a Fakultní nemocnice Na Bulovce, Praha.

Large unresectable STS presents a therapeutic challenge. Several options are being explored to avoid amputation without compromising the oncological outcome. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy delivers inconsistent and rather unsatisfactory results, preoperative radiotherapy compromises healing, hence it can impede adjuvant systemic treatment. Read More

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September 2021

Heterotopic Ossifications after Fractures of the Anterior Pelvic Segment: Overview of Morphology and Clinical Correlations.

Acta Chir Orthop Traumatol Cech 2021 ;88(4):253-259

Centre for Integrated Studies of the Pelvis, Third Faculty of Medicine, Charles University, Prague.

PURPOSE OF THE STUDY In certain patients after treated pelvic fractures, heterotopic ossifications can be observed in the area of the pubic bone, which protrude ventrally, and often also laterally and distally into surrounding soft tissues of the groin or even medially into the proximal thigh. These ossifications are shaped like sharp spikes of various lengths, which is why the authors refer to them as "spicules". In some patients, these ossifications are also associated with pain. Read More

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September 2021

"Pityriasis Rosea-like cutaneous eruption as a possible dermatological manifestation after Oxford-AstraZeneca vaccine: case report and brief literature review."

Dermatol Ther 2021 Sep 17:e15129. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Infectious Disease Specialist - Department of Infectiology Diagnosis - State Program - STI/AIDS Reference and Training Center of São Paulo, São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.

Pityriasis Rosea (PR) has been manifested in patients suffering from COVID-19 as well as after vaccine protocols against SARS-CoV-2. It has a possible association with the HHV-6B virus (roseola infantum) and can be controlled by antivirals such as acyclovir as well as by the amino acid L-Lysine that showed a positive result in reducing the number of lesions and healing time. The aim of this study was to report a case of PR after a second dose of Oxford-AstraZeneca, the adopted therapy and a brief literature review. Read More

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September 2021

Cooked broiler meat quality affected by different combination levels of Mediterranean medicinal plants.

Anim Biosci 2021 Aug 25. Epub 2021 Aug 25.

Department of Animal Production, Faculty of Agriculture, Mutah University, Karak 61710, Jordan.

Objective: This study was conducted to investigate the effects of adding oregano (Origanum syriacum L.) and germander (Teucrium polium L.) to poultry diets individually and/or in combination : 1) on cooked chicken meat quality and storage stability, 2) to compare this effect with those of the synthetic antioxidant butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) and with the normal basic diet (Control: without supplements). Read More

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Limb Tourniquet Holding Location: Model Results Fail to Translate to Human Results.

J Spec Oper Med 2021 ;21(3):30-35

Background: During strap pulling, how limb tourniquet sliding is prevented affects secured pressure achievement. Data from model setups indicated moving the Tactical Ratcheting Medical Tourniquet (Tac RMT; m2 inc.) holding loop location could be advantageous regarding strap-pulling pressure achievement. Read More

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September 2021

Usage of Accessory Anteromedial Portal for Anatomical Placement of Femoral Tunnel in Transportal Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: A Prospective Study.

Cureus 2021 Aug 11;13(8):e17095. Epub 2021 Aug 11.

Department of Orthopaedics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Raipur, Raipur, IND.

Background and objective The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) has an essential role in preserving the function and stability of the knee joint. It acts primarily to prevent anterior tibial translation. Arthroscopic ACL reconstruction using quadrupled hamstring graft is the widely practiced modality for treating ACL injuries nowadays. Read More

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An unusual presentation of hydatid cyst: A tight mass a case report with a literature review.

Radiol Case Rep 2021 Nov 8;16(11):3485-3490. Epub 2021 Sep 8.

Radiology department, Mohammed V Military Hospital, Rabat -Morocco.

Hydatidosis is a worldwide infectious disease caused by the larval form of a parasitic tapeworm of helminths affecting mainly the liver and lungs in cattle- and sheep-raising regions. Muscle localization remains extremely rare and its diagnosis is sometimes challenging. We report the case of a 45-year-old man presenting with a swelling of the left thigh gradually increasing in size. Read More

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November 2021

[Application of free-style perforator pedicled propeller flap to repair the wound after extensive resection of skin malignant tumor on the thigh].

Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi 2021 Sep;35(9):1177-1181

Department of Orthopaedics, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou Jiangsu, 215004, P.R.China.

Objective: To explore the effectiveness of free-style perforator pedicled propeller flap to repair the wound after extensive resection of skin malignant tumor on the thigh.

Methods: Between December 2016 and June 2019, 12 patients with skin malignant tumor on the thigh were treated. There were 9 males and 3 females, aged from 8 to 65 years (median, 38. Read More

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September 2021

[Comparison of femoral neck system and inverted triangle cannulated screws fixations in treatment of Pauwels typle femoral neck fractures].

Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi 2021 Sep;35(9):1111-1118

Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, the First Affiliated Hospital of USTC (Anhui Provincial Hospital), Hefei Anhui, 230001, P.R.China.

Objective: To compare the effectiveness of the femoral neck system (FNS) and inverted triangle cannulated screws (ITCS) for the treatment of Pauwels type Ⅲ femoral neck fractures.

Methods: The clinical data of 59 patients with Pauwels type Ⅲ femoral neck fractures treated between May 2019 and November 2020 were retrospectively analysed. The patients were divided into FNS group (28 cases) and ITCS group (31 cases) according to the different internal fixation. Read More

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September 2021

Retrospective Diagnosis of Malignant Struma Ovarii After Discovery of Pulmonary Metastasis.

AACE Clin Case Rep 2021 Sep-Oct;7(5):320-322. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Department of Medicine, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York.

Objective: Malignant struma ovarii diagnosis is challenging due to its benign histologic appearance and rarity. We present a case of struma ovarii determined malignant after pulmonary metastases were incidentally discovered.

Methods: A 29-year-old female with a history of benign struma ovarii presented to the emergency room with right lower abdominal pain. Read More

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Microsurgical vascular clamp injury causing arterial stenosis and subsequent free flap necrosis: A case report.

JPRAS Open 2021 Dec 10;30:110-115. Epub 2021 Aug 10.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, MedStar Georgetown University Hospital, 3800 Reservoir Road, NW, Bles Building 1st Floor, Washington, DC 20007, United States.

During microanastomosis, the recipient artery must be controlled both proximally and distally, so that the donor flap artery may be anastomosed. Bulldog vascular clamps are often used; however, these clamps may fail to occlude heavily calcified vessels characteristic of diabetes and end-stage renal disease. Alternative clamps may need to be utilized, with the attendant risk of vessel injury. Read More

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December 2021

Case series of two successful pelvic ring reconstructions using a pedicled anterolateral thigh flap.

JPRAS Open 2021 Dec 10;30:84-90. Epub 2021 Aug 10.

Division of Plastic Surgery, MetroHealth, Cleveland, OH, United States.

Open pelvic ring fractures can have devastating functional consequences including prolonged disability, chronic pain, infection, and even death. These injuries are uncommon but often involve soft tissue defects. Without early and appropriate coverage, patients are likely to sustain infection, which can be fatal. Read More

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December 2021

Do medial sural artery perforator flaps have better clinical outcomes compared to the rectus abdominis perforator (DIEAP) flap in reconstruction of glossectomy defects? A Prisma guided meta-analysis.

Ann Maxillofac Surg 2021 Jan-Jun;11(1):121-128. Epub 2021 Jul 24.

Unit of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dental Sciences, Institute of Medical Sciences Trauma Centre BHU, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Background: There is an increasing evidence for the use of thin flaps based on vascular perforators for reconstructive surgeries. The medial sural and deep inferior epigastric artery flaps offer versatility for the reconstruction of major defects of the head and neck.

Objectives: "Whether medial sural artery perforator (MSAP) flap or rectus abdominis perforator flap is better for the reconstruction of glossectomy defects in terms of functional outcome?"

Data Sources: PubMed, Cochrane Library, clinicaltrials. Read More

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Less-invasive Treatment for Group A Streptococcal Fasciitis with Rapid Antigen Detection Test and Collagen/Gelatin Sponge.

Plast Reconstr Surg Glob Open 2021 Sep 13;9(9):e3793. Epub 2021 Sep 13.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.

Patients with severe group A Streptococcus (GAS) induced necrotizing soft tissue infection sometimes develop Streptococcal toxic shock syndrome, which is a life-threatening condition with an extremely high fatality rate. Obtaining survival is the most important goal; however, an early diagnosis for debridement surgery and quick granulation formation for skin grafting surgery can better preserve the extremity functions. The patient was a 47-year-old man with a history of atopic dermatitis who presented with GAS-induced necrotizing soft tissue infection in his left lower extremity. Read More

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September 2021

Bidirectional associations between sedentary time and sleep duration among 12- to 14-year-old adolescents.

BMC Public Health 2021 Sep 15;21(1):1673. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Ghent University, Corneel Heymanslaan 10, 9000, Ghent, Belgium.

Background: The aim of this study was to investigate bidirectional associations between (prolonged) sitting time and sleep duration in 12- to 14-year-old adolescents using a between-subjects and within-subjects analyses approach.

Methods: Observational data were used from 108 adolescents (53% girls; mean age 12.9 (SD 0. Read More

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September 2021