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Exploring awareness of obstetric fistula in Eastern and Northern Nigeria: perceived causes, symptoms, and availability of treatment services.

Glob Health Res Policy 2022 Aug 18;7(1):29. Epub 2022 Aug 18.

Maternal, Newborn and Child Health, Population Council, Nigeria, House 4, No 16 Mafemi Crescent, Off Solomon Lar Way, Utako, Abuja, Nigeria.

Background: Evidence suggests that there are approximately two female genital fistula cases per 1000 women of reproductive age in sub-Saharan Africa. It is estimated that more than 200,000 women are affected by fistula in Nigeria, primarily due to obstetric causes. Awareness has been indicated as a risk factor for the development of obstetric fistula. Read More

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How gender norms and 'good girl' notions prevent adolescent girls and young women from engaging with PrEP: qualitative insights from Zimbabwe.

BMC Womens Health 2022 Aug 16;22(1):344. Epub 2022 Aug 16.

Manicaland Centre for Public Health Research, Biomedical Research and Training Institute, Harare, Zimbabwe.

Background: Pre-exposure prophylaxis, or PrEP, has been hailed for its promise to provide women with user-control. However, gender-specific challenges undermining PrEP use are beginning to emerge. We explore the role of gender norms in shaping adolescent girls and young women's (AGYW) engagement with PrEP. Read More

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Barriers to abortion provision in primary care in New England, 2019-2020: A qualitative study.

Contraception 2022 Aug 12. Epub 2022 Aug 12.

Brigham and Women's Hospital, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 75 Francis St., Boston, MA, USA, 02115; Harvard Medical School, 25 Shattuck St, Boston, MA, USA, 02115.

Objective: To assess barriers to and facilitators of abortion provision among abortion-trained primary care providers.

Methods: We conducted 21 qualitative in-depth interviews with 20 abortion-trained family physicians and one internal medicine physician in five New England states. We dual-coded interviews, using a consensus method to agree upon final coding schema. Read More

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Workplace Violence in the Australian and New Zealand Midwifery Workforce: A Scoping Review.

J Nurs Manag 2022 Aug 15. Epub 2022 Aug 15.

School of Business and Law, CQUniversity Australia, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

Aim: To identify and map what is known about workplace violence involving midwives in Australia and New Zealand.

Background: Research from the United Kingdom demonstrates that workplace violence within maternity services is a pervasive issue with significant and wide-ranging clinical, individual, and organisational consequences. To date, little is known about this issue within Australian and New Zealand maternity services. Read More

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Clinical Targets and Attitudes Toward Implementing Digital Health Tools for Remote Measurement in Treatment for Depression: Focus Groups With Patients and Clinicians.

JMIR Ment Health 2022 Aug 15;9(8):e38934. Epub 2022 Aug 15.

Department of Psychological Medicine, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King's College London, London, United Kingdom.

Background: Remote measurement technologies, such as smartphones and wearable devices, can improve treatment outcomes for depression through enhanced illness characterization and monitoring. However, little is known about digital outcomes that are clinically meaningful to patients and clinicians. Moreover, if these technologies are to be successfully implemented within treatment, stakeholders' views on the barriers to and facilitators of their implementation in treatment must be considered. Read More

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The past, present, and future of research on neuroinflammation-induced mild cognitive impairment: A bibliometric analysis.

Front Aging Neurosci 2022 29;14:968444. Epub 2022 Jul 29.

School of Sports Sciences, Qufu Normal University, Qufu, China.

Background: Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is a precursor to dementia, and neuroinflammation in the brain is thought to be one of the main pathogenic mechanisms of MCI. However, the underlying neurobiological mechanisms have not been fully explored. The purpose of this study was to establish a visual model map of the articles in the field of neuroinflammation-induced MCI over the past 11 years to reveal the research hotspots and predict the future development trends in this field, which will help to promote the research and development for MCI. Read More

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Experiences of siblings to children with autism spectrum disorder.

Front Psychiatry 2022 25;13:959117. Epub 2022 Jul 25.

Department of Psychology, School of Human and Community Development, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is prevalent globally resulting in increased awareness and understanding of the disorder internationally and to a lesser extent in Southern African countries. This understanding has predominantly been in relation to the impact of the disorder on the neurodivergent child and family relations. Internationally, limited research has explored the impact on neurotypical siblings who have been raised alongside children diagnosed with ASD, with a dearth of such studies emerging from the South African context. Read More

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Australian Trends in Academic Literature Concerned With Family and Domestic Violence Perpetrators: A Bibliometric Literature Review.

Trauma Violence Abuse 2022 Aug 12:15248380221113786. Epub 2022 Aug 12.

Flinders University, Adelaide, SA, Australia.

In this article, we used a novel hybrid approach to review literature concerned with family and domestic violence (FADV) perpetrators. Our intention was to chart the research and publication activity of authors with Australian affiliation to identify homegrown evidence related to stopping the perpetration of violence. This involved systematic searching of literature from the Scopus electronic database, utilization of VOSviewer to sort keyword co-occurrences and authorship linking for 1,494 publication records over a 30-year period, and the review of 21 articles with perpetrator focus, identified from the 50 most cited publications. Read More

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Consumer-driven strategies towards a resilient and sustainable food system following the COVID-19 pandemic in Australia.

BMC Public Health 2022 Aug 12;22(1):1539. Epub 2022 Aug 12.

School of Health Sciences, University of Tasmania, Tasmania, Australia.

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic and associated public health restrictions temporarily disrupted food supply chains around the world and changed the way people shopped for food, highlighting issues with food systems resilience and sustainability. The aim of this study was to explore consumer-driven strategies towards a more resilient and sustainable food system in Australia, learning from experiences during the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Methods: During May-June 2020, a cross-sectional, online survey was conducted in Tasmania, Australia in a non-random sample of adults aged 18 years and over. Read More

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Eco-anxiety in children: A scoping review of the mental health impacts of the awareness of climate change.

Front Psychol 2022 25;13:872544. Epub 2022 Jul 25.

Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Université de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, QC, Canada.

Background: Youth are increasingly aware of the negative effects of climate change on the planet and human health, but this knowledge can often come with significant affective responses, such as psychological distress, anger, or despair. Experiencing major "negative" emotions, like worry, guilt, and hopelessness in anticipation of climate change has been identified with the term eco-anxiety. Emerging literature focuses on adults' experience; however, little is known about the ways in which children and youth experience eco-anxiety. Read More

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Systematic review on somatization in a transcultural context among teenagers and young adults: Focus on the nosography blur.

Front Psychiatry 2022 25;13:897002. Epub 2022 Jul 25.

APHP, Hôpital Cochin, Maison de Solenn, Paris, France.

Aims: Somatic complaints are a frequent cause for consultation in primary care. In a transcultural context, somatic complaints are typically associated with psychological distress. A recent review about somatic symptom disorders in adolescence showed some nosographic heterogeneity and outlined various etiological hypotheses (traumatic, environmental, or neurologic), separate from the cross-cultural considerations. Read More

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Trainee Therapists' Perceptions of a Blended Intervention to Promote Resilience after a Natural Disaster: A Qualitative Case Study.

J Clin Med 2022 Jul 27;11(15). Epub 2022 Jul 27.

Addictions and Mental Health Strategic Clinical Network, Alberta Children's Hospital, 28 Oki Drive NW, Calgary, AB T3B 6A8, Canada.

Background: Natural disasters happen in an increased frequency, and telemental health interventions could offer easily accessible help to reduce mental health symptoms experienced by survivors. However, there are very few programs offered to natural disaster survivors, and no research exists on therapists' experiences with providing blended interventions for natural disaster survivors.

Aims: Our qualitative case study aims to describe psychologists' experiences with an online, therapist-assisted blended intervention for survivors of the Fort McMurray wildfires in Alberta, Canada. Read More

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Investigating PTG in Cancer Patients: The Role of Time Dimension in the Experience of Personal Growth.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2022 Aug 4;19(15). Epub 2022 Aug 4.

Department of Human, Philosophical and Educational Sciences (DISUFF), University of Salerno, Via Giovanni Paolo II 132, 84084 Fisciano, Italy.

This study explored the experience of growth related to being a cancer patient by implementing a thematic analysis. An online questionnaire was completed by 69 patients narrating their growth experience related to cancer. Collected narratives were analyzed by running a deductive thematic analysis, starting from the five domains of the Post-Traumatic Growth Inventory (PTGI) and searching for the presence or absence of topics. Read More

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Patient-centered care in the emergency department: a systematic review and meta-ethnographic synthesis.

Int J Emerg Med 2022 Aug 11;15(1):36. Epub 2022 Aug 11.

Centre for Rural Health Studies, Discipline of Family Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Memorial University of Newfoundland and Labrador, St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada.

Background: Patient-centered care (PCC) is an emerging priority in many healthcare settings but lacks clarity in the emergency department (ED). It is of interest to know what PCC practices are most important to patients to better their experience. The objective of this study was to conduct a mixed-methods systematic review of PCC in the ED. Read More

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What Do Adolescents and Their Parents Need From Mental Health Integration in Primary Care? A Qualitative Exploration of Design Insights.

J Pediatr Health Care 2022 Aug 8. Epub 2022 Aug 8.

Assistant Investigator, Kaiser Permanente Washington Health Research Institute, and Department of Health Systems and Population Health, University of Washington, Seattle, WA.

Introduction: The design of integrated adolescent mental health care design should address needs and preferences of patients and parents/guardians.

Method: We conducted interviews and focus groups with adolescents aged 13-17 years who received care at Kaiser Permanente Washington in 2020 and interviews with parents of such adolescents. We sought to (1) understand the challenges of primary care-based mental health and substance use screening and care for adolescents and (2) identify program design solutions. Read More

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Early access to a cardio-oncology clinic in an Australian context: a qualitative exploration of patient experiences.

Cardiooncology 2022 Aug 9;8(1):14. Epub 2022 Aug 9.

Hunter Medical Research Institute, Level 4 West Wing, Lot 1, Kookaburra Cct, New Lambton Heights, Newcastle, NSW, 2305, Australia.

Background: Dedicated cardio-oncology services are emerging rapidly around the world in order to provide cardiovascular care (CV) for cancer patients. The perspectives of patients regarding their experience of cardiac surveillance during their cancer journey has not been qualitatively evaluated.

Methods: An interpretative qualitative study. Read More

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User Experience of the Co-design Research Approach in eHealth: Activity Analysis With the Course-of-Action Framework.

JMIR Hum Factors 2022 Aug 9;9(3):e35577. Epub 2022 Aug 9.

VITAM Centre de recherche en santé durable, Centre intégré universitaire de santé et de services sociaux de la Capitale-Nationale, Laval University, Québec, QC, Canada.

Background: The cocreation of eHealth solutions with potential users, or co-design, can help make the solution more acceptable. However, the co-design research approach requires substantial investment, and projects are not always fruitful. Researchers have provided guidelines for the co-design approach, but these are either applicable only in specific situations or not supported by empirical data. Read More

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Challenges of working from home during the COVID-19 pandemic for women in the UAE.

Authors:
Chokri Kooli

J Public Aff 2022 Jul 6:e2829. Epub 2022 Jul 6.

Telfer school of Management University of Ottawa Ottawa Ontario Canada.

This study explored the experiences of working from home among women in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) during the lockdown. Adopting the interpretative philosophical approach, this study conducts semi-structured interviews with sixteen (16) randomly selected women actively employed in different sectors in the UAE economy. The analysis was carried out using the thematic analysis to derive the themes and sub-themes emerging from the coded data. Read More

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Palliative paramedicine: Comparing clinical practice through guideline quality appraisal and qualitative content analysis.

Palliat Med 2022 Aug 8:2692163221110419. Epub 2022 Aug 8.

Northern Clinical School, The University of Sydney, St Leonards, NSW, Australia.

Background: Palliative care is an emerging scope of practice for paramedicine. The COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted the opportunity for emergency settings to deliver palliative and end-of-life care to patients wishing to avoid intensive life-sustaining treatment. However, a gap remains in understanding the scope and limitations of current ambulance services' approach to palliative and end-of-life care. Read More

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Emergency Department Communication in Persons Living With Dementia and Care Partners: A Scoping Review.

J Am Med Dir Assoc 2022 Aug;23(8):1313.e15-1313.e46

BerbeeWalsh Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI, USA.

Objectives: To synthesize published research exploring emergency department (ED) communication strategies and decision-making with persons living with dementia (PLWD) and their care partners as the basis for a multistakeholder consensus conference to prioritize future research.

Design: Systematic scoping review.

Settings And Participants: PLWD and their care partners in the ED setting. Read More

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Individual-level drivers of dietary behaviour in adolescents and women through the reproductive life course in urban Ghana: A Photovoice study.

Matern Child Nutr 2022 Aug 8:e13412. Epub 2022 Aug 8.

UMR MoISA (Montpellier Interdisciplinary centre on Sustainable Agri-Food Systems), CIRAD, CIHEAM-IAMM, INRAE, Institut Agro Montpellier, IRD, Montpellier, France.

Evidence on the individual-level drivers of dietary behaviours in deprived urban contexts in Africa is limited. Understanding how to best inform the development and delivery of interventions to promote healthy dietary behaviours is needed. As noncommunicable diseases account for over 40% of deaths in Ghana, the country has reached an advanced stage of nutrition transition. Read More

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Sailing through the COVID-19 Pandemic and Beyond: An Evidence-Based Analysis for Dental Healthcare and Practice.

Front Dent 2022 7;19:14. Epub 2022 Mar 7.

Department of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Dr. R. Ahmed Dental College and Hospital, Kolkata, India.

This integrative review aims to provide a consolidated evidence-based appraisal of the most up-to-date guidelines and recommendations of international public and professional health regulatory bodies in relation to preparedness framework for restructuring safe delivery of dental services amid and beyond the coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Most recent updated guidelines for dental professionals from major international health regulatory bodies were reviewed. PubMed, Google Scholar, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, WHO COVID-19 and LILACS databases, along with relevant preprints were searched, and citations were checked up to January 23, 2021. Read More

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Cocreation from Emerging Opportunities: Occupational Therapists' Perspectives on Supporting Older Persons, in Japan.

Occup Ther Int 2022 21;2022:5495055. Epub 2022 Jul 21.

Department of Neurobiology, Care Science and Society, Division of Occupational Therapy, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Introduction: Practices of occupational therapists, particularly those supporting older persons with physical impairments, remain overly focused on remediating impairments, and implementation of occupation-centered practices remains fraught with difficulties. In Japan, this issue exists across the continuum from acute care to rehabilitation settings and into the community. This is despite the existence of international models and frameworks that place occupation at the core of the profession. Read More

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Consumer motivations and desired product attributes for 2.0 plant-based products: a conceptual model of consumer insight for market-oriented product development and marketing.

SN Bus Econ 2022 1;2(8):115. Epub 2022 Aug 1.

Present Address: Department of Food Business and Development, Cork University Business School, University College Cork, Cork, Republic of Ireland.

The plant-based product (PBP) market sector is rapidly growing, but there is a noted lack of qualitative data examining consumers' perceptions of these products. This study aimed to examine consumers perceptions and usage of plant-based products and brands to further refine and extend our understanding of the different layers of contemporary plant-based consumption. Online consumer focus groups ( = 6) were used to gather qualitative data from consumers ( = 20) in Ireland and the United Kingdom. Read More

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Reflections on an emerging new science of mental disorders.

Authors:
Denny Borsboom

Behav Res Ther 2022 09 22;156:104127. Epub 2022 May 22.

University of Amsterdam, Netherlands. Electronic address:

This article reflects on the papers included in the Special Issue on The Network Approach and the Future of Clinical Psychology (Roefs, Jansen, & Fried, 2022). The emergence of major empirical research programs into symptom networks is discussed in relation to the research agenda involving the system dynamics of mental disorders. This research agenda is then related to major themes addressed in the special issue: the integration of empirical results into a larger theoretical framework, the role of mental representations and neurobiological factors, the problem of measurement error, and the presence of heterogeneity. Read More

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September 2022

Effective strategies in ending weight stigma in healthcare.

Obes Rev 2022 Aug 7:e13494. Epub 2022 Aug 7.

Division of Medicine, University College London, London, UK.

Weight stigma impacts negatively healthcare quality and hinders public health goals. The aim of this review was to identify strategies for minimizing weight bias among healthcare professionals and explore future research directions. An electronic search was performed in PubMed, PsycINFO and Scopus (until June 2020). Read More

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Automatic user sentiments extraction from diabetes mobile apps - An evaluation of reviews with machine learning.

Inform Health Soc Care 2022 Aug 5:1-20. Epub 2022 Aug 5.

Department of Health Science and Biostatistics, Swinburne University of Technology; Swinburne University, Melbourne, Australia.

Using diabetes mobile apps for self-management of diabetes is one of the emerging strategies for controlling blood sugar levels and maintaining the wellness of patients with diabetes. This study aims to develop a strategy for thematically extracting user comments from diabetes mobile apps to understand the concern of patients with diabetes. Hence, 2678 user comments obtained from the Google Play Store are thematically analyzed with Non-negative Matrix Factorization (NMF) to identify the themes for describing positive, neutral, and negative sentiments. Read More

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"": Experiences of LGBTQ+ with the Healthcare System in Saskatchewan, Canada.

J Homosex 2022 Aug 5:1-16. Epub 2022 Aug 5.

Schulich School of Medicine and Dentistry, Western University, London, Ontario, Canada.

This project aimed to explore the experiences of perceived mistrust and stigma by the LGBTQ+ members while accessing healthcare services in Saskatchewan, Canada. In partnership with local organization, a community-based participatory research (CBPR) approach was employed and, semi structured descriptive interviews were conducted. Sixteen participants ranging from age 20-60 were recruited and interviewed. Read More

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Structural Racism and Its Influence On Sexual and Reproductive Health Inequities Among Immigrant Youth.

J Immigr Minor Health 2022 Aug 5. Epub 2022 Aug 5.

Department of Health Promotion and Policy, School of Public Health and Health Sciences, University of Massachusetts Amherst. Arnold House, 715 North Pleasant Street, 01003, Amherst, MA, United States.

This community-based participatory research study explores the influence of structural racism on sexual and reproductive health (SRH) inequities among immigrant, including refugee, youth. We conducted interviews with emerging youth and youth service providers living in two communities in Massachusetts. Our results detail three major themes illustrating how structural racism influences SRH inequities among immigrant youth: (1) lack of culture-centered SRH supports for recently immigrated youth; (2) immigration enforcement and fear impacting access to adolescent SRH (ASRH) education and services; and (3) perceived ineligibility related to tenuous legal status as a barrier to accessing ASRH services. Read More

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'I think writing is everything': An exploration of the writing experiences of people with aphasia.

Int J Lang Commun Disord 2022 Aug 5. Epub 2022 Aug 5.

Division of Human Communication Development and Hearing, School of Health Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK.

Background: Written communication has become an increasingly important part of everyday life in social, educational and professional spheres. The substantial increase in writing via the internet and mobile technologies provides both an opportunity for social engagement and distinct challenges for people with aphasia. Within the current literature there has been limited research into the lived experiences of people with aphasia of their writing difficulties and how these affect their ability to communicate. Read More

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