24 results match your criteria themes caffeine

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The effect of high-dose, short-term caffeine intake on the renal clearance of calcium, sodium and creatinine in healthy adults.

Br J Clin Pharmacol 2021 Apr 14. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

UniSA Clinical & Health Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide, SA, Australia.

The consumption of caffeine has been linked to osteoporosis, believed to be due to enhanced bone resorption as a result of increased calcium excretion in the urine. However, the amount of calcium in the urine may not necessarily reflect the true effect of caffeine on calcium clearance. This study therefore examined the impact of high-dose, short-term caffeine intake on renal clearance of calcium, sodium and creatinine in healthy adults. Read More

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Use of therapeutic caffeine in acute care postoperative and critical care settings: a scoping review.

BMC Anesthesiol 2021 Mar 31;21(1):100. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Department of Intensive Care Services, Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital and Faculty of Health, Queensland University of Technology (QUT), Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

Background: Caffeine is the most utilised psychoactive drug worldwide. However, caffeine withdrawal and the therapeutic use of caffeine in intensive care and in the perioperative period have not been well summarised. Our objective was to conduct a scoping review of caffeine withdrawal and use in the intensive care unit (ICU) and postoperative patients. Read More

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Registered Nurses' Experiences Taking Breaks on Night Shift: A Qualitative Analysis.

Workplace Health Saf 2021 Jun 29;69(6):252-256. Epub 2021 Jan 29.

Kootenai Medical Center.

Background: Fatigue mitigation strategies among night shift workers can include deliberate use of restful work breaks, taking naps, and consuming caffeine. However, nurses have frequently reported missing break opportunities, and the rationale for missed breaks remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to describe and interpret the lived experience of hospital night shift nurses taking breaks and the meaning of this phenomenon as it relates to the workplace. Read More

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Beyond taste and easy access: Physical, cognitive, interpersonal, and emotional reasons for sugary drink consumption among children and adolescents.

Appetite 2020 12 12;155:104826. Epub 2020 Aug 12.

Department of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Milken Institute School of Public Health, The George Washington University, 950 New Hampshire Avenue NW, Suite 200, Washington, DC, 20052, USA.

Consumption of sugary drinks is associated with the development of obesity and cardiometabolic diseases among children and adolescents. In addition to high added sugar content, many sugary drinks also contain caffeine. However, whether the combination of sugar and caffeine uniquely influences children's sugary drink intake is presently unknown. Read More

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December 2020

Perception of Breast Density Information Among Women in Miami, FL: a Qualitative Study.

J Cancer Educ 2020 Jun 6. Epub 2020 Jun 6.

Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of Miami, 1475 NW 12th Ave., Miami, FL, 33136, USA.

The US Food and Drug Administration has proposed requiring that all women undergoing mammography receive written information about their breast density. Past research suggests many women may misperceive the meaning of breast density. Additionally, women with dense breasts may not understand the risks and benefits of pursuing additional imaging studies. Read More

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Energy drinks consumption and perceptions among University Students in Beirut, Lebanon: A mixed methods approach.

PLoS One 2020 30;15(4):e0232199. Epub 2020 Apr 30.

Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon.

Background: Energy drinks (ED) are caffeine- and sugar-rich beverages with other ingredients that are marketed for their energy-boosting and performance-enhancing effects. The consumption of these drinks, with and without alcohol, is dramatically increasing worldwide, despite the reported side effects and potential harms to consumers. Few studies, to date, have explored the perceptions and experiences of young adults towards these beverages. Read More

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Parental Concerns about Child and Adolescent Caffeinated Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Intake and Perceived Barriers to Reducing Consumption.

Nutrients 2020 Mar 25;12(4). Epub 2020 Mar 25.

Department of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Milken Institute School of Public Health, The George Washington University, 950 New Hampshire Ave NW, Washington, DC 20052, USA.

Sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption contributes to obesity and chronic disease. SSB intake in children and adolescents remains well above recommendations and reducing intake is challenging. In addition to high sugar content, SSBs are the predominant source of caffeine among youth. Read More

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An experimental study on perceptions of energy drink ads among youth and young adults in Canada.

Appetite 2020 03 2;146:104505. Epub 2019 Nov 2.

School of Public Health and Health Systems, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON, N2L 3G1, Canada. Electronic address:

Current regulations in Canada prohibit the marketing of caffeinated energy drinks (CEDs) for use during sports, with alcohol, and by children. The study examined perceptions of CED ads in association with sports and alcohol use, as well as target age groups. An online survey was conducted in 2015 with youth and young adults aged 12-24 years (n = 2010). Read More

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Sleep-related attitudes, beliefs, and practices among an urban-dwelling African American community: a qualitative study.

Sleep Health 2019 08 11;5(4):418-425. Epub 2019 Jul 11.

Rush University Medical Center, Department of Preventive Medicine, 1700 W Van Buren St, Chicago, IL, USA 60612.

Objectives: Short sleep duration and poor sleep quality are more prevalent among African Americans (AAs) and may be a modifiable risk factor for cardiometabolic disorders. However, research is limited about sleep-related attitudes, beliefs, and practices among AAs. Our objective was to evaluate these practices and beliefs surrounding sleep among urban-dwelling AAs. Read More

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Caffeine in the Diet: Country-Level Consumption and Guidelines.

Nutrients 2018 Nov 15;10(11). Epub 2018 Nov 15.

Department of Preventive Medicine, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL 60611, USA.

Coffee, tea, caffeinated soda, and energy drinks are important sources of caffeine in the diet but each present with other unique nutritional properties. We review how our increased knowledge and concern with regard to caffeine in the diet and its impact on human health has been translated into food-based dietary guidelines (FBDG). Using the Food and Agriculture Organization list of 90 countries with FBDG as a starting point, we found reference to caffeine or caffeine-containing beverages (CCB) in 81 FBDG and CCB consumption data (volume sales) for 56 of these countries. Read More

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November 2018

The Benefits and Risks of Energy Drinks in Young Adults and Military Service Members.

Mil Med 2017 07;182(7):e1726-e1733

General Dynamics Health Solutions, The Defense and Veterans Brain Injury Center, 1335 East West Highway, 4th Floor, Silver Spring, MD 20910.

Introduction: Energy drinks (EDs) have become an integral part of the young adult, athletic, and military culture. Many athletes are convinced that EDs enhance performance, and service members as well as college students frequently use EDs as stimulants to counter sleep deprivation, or to improve academic performance. However, concerns have been raised by some military leaders about potential adverse effects of EDs. Read More

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Beliefs, Behaviors, and Contexts of Adolescent Caffeine Use: A Focus Group Study.

Subst Use Misuse 2017 07 12;52(9):1207-1218. Epub 2017 Jun 12.

c Department of Kinesiology and Health Education , University of Texas , Austin , Texas , USA.

Background: Caffeinated products are widely available to adolescents, and consumption of caffeine products-energy drinks and coffee in particular-is on the rise in this age group (Branum, Rossen, & Schoendorf, 2014). Yet, little is known about the psychosocial context of caffeine use. Previous studies on adolescent caffeine use have focused on caffeine's acute physiological effects, rather than the psychosocial contexts and beliefs regarding different types of caffeinated beverages (e. Read More

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Causes, consequences and countermeasures to driver fatigue in the rail industry: The train driver perspective.

Appl Ergon 2017 Apr 4;60:12-21. Epub 2016 Nov 4.

Central Queensland University, Appleton Institute for Behavioural Science, Australia.

Fatigue is an important workplace risk management issue. Within the rail industry, the passing of a stop signal (signal passed at danger; SPAD) is considered to be one of the most major safety breaches which can occur. Train drivers are very aware of the negative consequences associated with a SPAD. Read More

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Consumption of energy drinks by children and young people: a rapid review examining evidence of physical effects and consumer attitudes.

BMJ Open 2016 10 8;6(10):e010380. Epub 2016 Oct 8.

School of Medicine, Pharmacy and Health, Durham University Queen's Campus, Stockton-on-Tees, UK.

Objective: To examine patterns of energy drink consumption by children and young people, attitudes towards these drinks, and any associations with health or other outcomes.

Design: Rapid evidence assessment and narrative synthesis.

Data Sources: 9 electronic bibliographic databases, reference lists of relevant studies and searches of the internet. Read More

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October 2016

Development of a Food Safety and Nutrition Education Program for Adolescents by Applying Social Cognitive Theory.

Osong Public Health Res Perspect 2016 Aug 25;7(4):248-60. Epub 2016 Jun 25.

Department of Nutrition Education, Kyonggi University, Suwon, Korea.

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to develop an educational model regarding food safety and nutrition. In particular, we aimed to develop educational materials, such as middle- and high-school textbooks, a teacher's guidebook, and school posters, by applying social cognitive theory.

Methods: To develop a food safety and nutrition education program, we took into account diverse factors influencing an individual's behavior, such as personal, behavioral, and environmental factors, based on social cognitive theory. Read More

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The potential for cross-addiction in post-bariatric surgery patients: Considerations for primary care nurse practitioners.

J Am Assoc Nurse Pract 2016 Dec 11;28(12):675-682. Epub 2016 Jul 11.

Decker School of Nursing, Binghamton University/SUNY, Binghamton, New York.

Background And Purpose: Possible mental health issues for post-bariatric surgery patients include the development of cross-addictions after the rapid weight loss period. No validated screening tool to assess for possible cross-addictions exists. The main purpose of this study was to develop recommendations for modifying an existing addiction screening tool (the Shorter PROMIS Questionnaire) for use by primary care providers. Read More

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December 2016

The 'switch on-switch off model': Strategies used by nurses to mentally prepare and disengage from work.

Int J Nurs Pract 2016 Aug 7;22(4):356-63. Epub 2016 Jun 7.

Department of Educational and Social Policy, University of Macedonia, Greece.

There is considerable research on the experience of nurses during both their work and non-work time. However, we know relatively little about the strategies nurses use immediately before and immediately after their shift. This crossover period, from one shift to another, has critical impact for patient outcomes. Read More

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Vapor Store Owner Beliefs and Messages to Customers.

Nicotine Tob Res 2016 May 25;18(5):694-9. Epub 2015 Jun 25.

Department of Health and Exercise Science, University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK.

Introduction: Electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use is becoming increasingly popular but little is known about the role of the local vapor store in promoting use and influencing customer attitudes and beliefs about vaping.

Methods: Thirty-three vapor store owners were interviewed about their personal beliefs and attitudes about e-cigarettes and what they told customers about the health impact of using e-cigarettes. Interviews were recorded then transcribed, coded, and analyzed for themes. Read More

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Adolescent and young adult perceptions of caffeinated energy drinks. A qualitative approach.

Appetite 2013 Jun 16;65:132-8. Epub 2013 Feb 16.

Institute of Food, Nutrition and Human Health, Massey University, Albany, Auckland, New Zealand.

Understanding consumer attitudes towards foods remains critically important for manufacturers, retailers and governing bodies. Regulation within the food industry should therefore support food choice whilst protecting members of society. There have been concerns regarding beverages marketed as 'energy drinks' and the levels of caffeine in these drinks. Read More

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Awakening interest in the natural sciences - BASF's Kids' Labs.

Authors:
Cinthia Lang

Chimia (Aarau) 2012 ;66(11):848-50

BASF Schweiz AG Klybeckstrasse, Basel, Switzerland.

At BASF's Ludwigshafen headquarters, kids and young adults in grades 1-13 can learn about chemistry in the Kids' Labs. Different programs exist for different levels of knowledge. In the two 'Hands-on Lab H(2)O & Co. Read More

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A qualitative analysis of perceptions and barriers to therapeutic lifestyle changes among homeless hypertensive patients.

Res Social Adm Pharm 2013 Jul-Aug;9(4):467-81. Epub 2012 Jul 25.

Department of Pharmacotherapy and Outcomes Science, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23298, USA.

Background: Homeless individuals have higher rates of hypertension when compared to the general population. Therapeutic lifestyle changes (TLCs) have the potential to decrease the morbidity and mortality associated with hypertension, yet TLCs can be difficult for homeless persons to implement because of competing priorities.

Objectives: To identify: (1) Patients' knowledge and perceptions of hypertension and TLCs and (2) Barriers to implementation of TLCs. Read More

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Dietary supplements for athletes: emerging trends and recurring themes.

J Sports Sci 2011 ;29 Suppl 1:S57-66

School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough, UK.

Dietary supplements are widely used at all levels of sport. Changes in patterns of supplement use are taking place against a background of changes in the regulatory framework that governs the manufacture and distribution of supplements in the major markets. Market regulation is complicated by the increasing popularity of Internet sales. Read More

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Use of Legal Drugs by Psychiatric Outpatients: Benefits, Costs, and Change.

Cogn Behav Pract 1999 ;6(1):15-22

Syracuse University.

Caffeine, nicotine, and alcohol use by persons with a severe mental illness occurs frequently but is poorly understood. We used qualitative methods to elicit information regarding the functional relationships between legal substance use and its antecedents and consequences. This report summarizes responses provided by 37 psychiatric outpatients who participated in focus groups and key informant interviews regarding the use and functions of alcohol, caffeine, and nicotine. Read More

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January 1999

Alcohol and drug abuse in old age: a clinical perspective.

Subst Alcohol Actions Misuse 1982 ;3(6):353-68

The literature on elderly alcohol and drug use and abuse is reviewed. Factors in old age which influence usage patterns, risks, clinical presentations, diagnosis and treatment are emphasized. Several themes for clinical research are defined. Read More

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September 1983
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