849 results match your criteria tgct


Small RNAs in Seminal Plasma as Novel Biomarkers for Germ Cell Tumors.

Cancers (Basel) 2021 May 13;13(10). Epub 2021 May 13.

Department of Growth and Reproduction, Copenhagen University Hospital-Rigshospitalet, 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark.

Circulating miRNAs secreted by testicular germ cell tumors (TGCT) show great potential as novel non-invasive biomarkers for diagnosis of TGCT. Seminal plasma (SP) represents a biofluid closer to the primary site. Here, we investigate whether small RNAs in SP can be used to diagnose men with TGCTs or the precursor lesions, germ cell neoplasia in situ (GCNIS). Read More

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RNAscope CSF1 Chromogenic in situ Hybridization: A Potentially Useful Tool in the Differential Diagnosis of Tenosynovial Giant Cell Tumors.

Hum Pathol 2021 May 28. Epub 2021 May 28.

Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester MN. Electronic address:

Colony Stimulating Factor-1 (CSF1) up regulation and CSF1/Colony-stimulating factor 1 receptor (CSF1R) signaling pathway is central to the tumorigenesis of tenosynovial giant cell tumors (TGCT) of both localized (LTGCT) and diffuse (DTGCT) types, and has been demonstrated in a small number of malignant tumors (MTGCT) as well. In situ hybridization for CSF1 mRNA has been shown to be potentially useful in the diagnosis of TGCT, although only a relatively small number of cases have been studied. We studied CSF1 mRNA expression using RNAscope chromogenic in situ hybridization (CISH) in standard tissue sections from 31 TGCT and 26 non-TGCT, and in tumor microarray slides (Pantomics normal MN0341, Pantomics tumor MTU391, Pantomics melanoma MEL961). Read More

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Indications, feasibility and outcome of robotic retroperitoneal lymph node dissection for metastatic testicular germ cell tumours.

Sci Rep 2021 May 21;11(1):10700. Epub 2021 May 21.

Department of Urology and Paediatric Urology, Saarland University Medical Centre and Saarland University Faculty of Medicine, Homburg, Saar, Germany.

Data on robotic retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (R-RPLND) for metastatic testicular germ cell tumours (mTGCTs) are scarce and the use of R-RPLND itself is still under debate. The aim of our study was to evaluate the indications, feasibility and outcomes of R-RPLND, with special emphasis on differences between primary R-RPLND (pR-RPLND) and post-chemotherapeutic R-RPLND (pcR-RPLND) in mTGCTs. We retrospectively analysed the data of patients who underwent R-RPLND for mTGCT between November 2013 and September 2019 in two centres in Germany. Read More

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Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) is a candidate prognostic factor in testicular germ cell tumors as well as an indicator of immune function in the tumor microenvironment.

Bioengineered 2021 Dec;12(1):1939-1951

Department of Urology, The Affiliated Changzhou No. 2 People's Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Changzhou, China.

Testicular cancer is the most common malignant tumor in young men, and its incidence has increased in recent years. The tumor microenvironment (TME) plays a crucial role in the development and progression of tumors; however, the TME of testicular germ cell tumor (TGCT) is poorly understood. In this study, we downloaded information for 156 TGCT cases from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database, used the ESTIMATE method to determine immune and stromal scores, and used CIBERSORT to calculate the proportion of tumor-infiltrating immune cells (TICs). Read More

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December 2021

Tenosynovial giant cell tumor involving the cervical spine: A case report.

World J Clin Cases 2021 May;9(14):3394-3402

Department of Spine Surgery, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha 410008, Hunan Province, China.

Background: Tenosynovial giant cell tumors (TGCTs) are a frequent benign proliferative disease originating from the synovial membrane. However, TGCTs rarely occur in the spine. The purpose of this paper is to report a case of TGCT occurring in the cervical spine. Read More

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Serum Small RNA Sequencing and miR-375 Assay Do Not Identify the Presence of Pure Teratoma at Postchemotherapy Retroperitoneal Lymph Node Dissection.

Eur Urol Open Sci 2021 Apr 5;26:83-87. Epub 2021 Mar 5.

Department of Urology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA.

Existing tumor markers for testicular germ cell tumor (TGCT) cannot detect the presence of pure teratoma. Serum miRNAs have strong performance detecting other subtypes of TGCT. Previous reports suggest high levels of miR-375 expression in teratoma tissue. Read More

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β-Arrestin2 Inhibits the Apoptosis and Facilitates the Proliferation of Fibroblast-like Synoviocytes in Diffuse-type Tenosynovial Giant Cell Tumor.

Cancer Genomics Proteomics 2021 May-Jun;18(3 Suppl):461-470

Department of Sports Medicine, Peking University Third Hospital, Beijing, P.R. China;

Background/aim: Diffuse-type tenosynovial giant cell tumor (TGCT) is a rare benign proliferative synovial neoplasm of uncertain etiology, and the efficacy of surgical resection is not satisfactory. Therefore, there is an urgent need to explore the pathogenesis and identify novel therapeutic targets for TGCT.

Materials And Methods: Synovial tissues were collected from patients with TGCT and osteoarthritis (OA). Read More

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Pexidartinib improves physical functioning and stiffness in patients with tenosynovial giant cell tumor: results from the ENLIVEN randomized clinical trial.

Acta Orthop 2021 May 12:1-7. Epub 2021 May 12.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center and Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY, USA.

Background and purpose - The ENLIVEN trial showed that, after 25 weeks, pexidartinib statistically significantly reduced tumor size more than placebo in patients with symptomatic, advanced tenosynovial giant cell tumor (TGCT) for whom surgery was not recommended. Here, we detail the effect of pexidartinib on patient-reported physical function and stiffness in ENLIVEN.Patients and methods - This was a planned analysis of patient-reported outcome data from ENLIVEN, a double-blinded, randomized phase 3 trial of adults with symptomatic, advanced TGCT treated with pexidartinib or placebo. Read More

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Dataset of testicular germ cell tumors (TGCT) risk associated with serum polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) by age at diagnosis and histologic types.

Data Brief 2021 Jun 27;36:107014. Epub 2021 Mar 27.

School of Public Health, Brown University, Providence, RI 02903, USA.

In a population-based case control study of testicular germ cell tumors (TGCT), we reported a strong positive association between serum levels of Wolff's Group 1 (potentially estrogenic) polychlorinated biphenyl (PCBs) and risk of TGCT, and the observed associations were similar for both seminoma and non-seminoma. While the observed specific associations between TGCT and Wolff's Group 1 PCBs cannot be easily explained by bias or confounding, a question can still be asked, that is, could the relationship between PCBs and TGCT differ by age at diagnosis? PCBs tend to bioaccumulate, with more heavily chlorinated PCB congeners tending to have longer half-lives. Half-lives of PCB congeners were reported ranging from 4. Read More

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Chondroid tenosynovial giant cell tumour of the temporomandibular joint.

J Surg Case Rep 2021 Apr 24;2021(4):rjab155. Epub 2021 Apr 24.

Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Royal Perth Hospital, Perth, WA 6000, Australia.

Chondroid tenosynovial giant cell tumour (TGCT) is an extremely rare disease affecting the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). This report details the peri-operative findings and treatment with custom TMJ replacement of an initially misdiagnosed chondroid TGCT involving the TMJ. Read More

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The diffuse-type tenosynovial giant cell tumor (dt-TGCT) patient journey: a prospective multicenter study.

Orphanet J Rare Dis 2021 Apr 29;16(1):191. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands.

Background: Tenosynovial giant cell tumor (TGCT) is a rare, locally aggressive neoplasm arising from the synovium of joints, bursae, and tendon sheaths affecting small and large joints. It represents a wide spectrum ranging from minimally symptomatic to massively debilitating. Most findings to date are mainly from small, retrospective case series, and thus the morbidity and actual impact of this rare disease remain to be elucidated. Read More

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Targeting Cancer Stem Cells with Differentiation Agents as an Alternative to Genotoxic Chemotherapy for the Treatment of Malignant Testicular Germ Cell Tumors.

Cancers (Basel) 2021 Apr 23;13(9). Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Department of Biomedical Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA.

Testicular germ cell tumors (TGCTs) are exceptionally sensitive to genotoxic chemotherapy, resulting in a high cure rate for the young men presenting with these malignancies. However, this treatment is associated with significant toxicity, and a subset of malignant TGCTs demonstrate chemoresistance. Mixed nonseminomas often contain pluripotent embryonal carcinoma (EC) cells, the cancer stem cells (CSCs) of these tumors. Read More

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Histological Features of Sporadic and Familial Testicular Germ Cell Tumors Compared and Analysis of Age-Related Changes of Histology.

Cancers (Basel) 2021 Apr 1;13(7). Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Clinical Genetics Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Rockville, MD 20850, USA.

This study aimed to compare histological features of familial and sporadic testicular germ cell tumors (TGCTs) and surrounding parenchyma, since discriminating features might be etiologically relevant and clinically useful. The study of parenchyma was prompted by reports claiming a higher prevalence of testicular microlithiasis in familial cases. Histological features of TGCTs and surrounding parenchyma of 296 sporadic and 305 familial cases were compared. Read More

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Association between the Genetic Polymorphisms of , and with Chronic Hepatitis C Virus Infection in the Chinese Han Population.

Immunol Invest 2021 Apr 26:1-16. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Department of Cell Biology, Dalian Medical University, Dalian, Liaoning, China.

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a global public health burden. Chronic HCV infection leads to the development of fibrosis, cirrhosis, liver cancer, and liver failure over time. A total of 250 patients with chronic HCV infection and 299 healthy blood donors were recruited. Read More

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Bioinformatics and survival analysis of glia maturation factor-γ in pan-cancers.

BMC Cancer 2021 Apr 17;21(1):423. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Central Laboratory, the Fifth People's Hospital of Shanghai, Fudan University, Shanghai, 200240, China.

Background: Glia maturation factor-γ (GMFG) is reported to inhibit the actin nucleation through binding to the actin-related protein-2/3 complex (Arp2/3). Considering the main function of GMFG in actin remodeling, which is vital for immune response, angiogenesis, cell division and motility, GMFG is supposed to have important roles in tumor development, while up to now, only two studies described the role of GMFG in cancers. By investigating the clinical values of GMFG using The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) data and the functional mechanisms of GMFG through analyses of Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichments, this study was aimed to better understand the impact of GMFG in pan-cancers and to draw more attentions for the future research of GMFG. Read More

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SPOP suppresses testicular germ cell tumors progression through ubiquitination and degradation of DPPA2.

Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2021 Jun 13;557:55-61. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

The Affiliated Hospital of Medical School, Ningbo University, Ningbo, 315020, China; Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Zhejiang Key Laboratory of Pathophysiology, Medical School of Ningbo University, Ningbo, 315211, China. Electronic address:

Dysregulation of the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway is strongly associated with cancer initiation and progression. Speckle-type POZ(pox virus and zinc finger protein) protein(SPOP) is an adapter protein of CUL3-based E3 ubiquitin ligase complexes. Gene expression profiling from the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) suggests that SPOP is downregulated in testicular germ cell tumors (TGCTs), but the specific contribution of this protein remains to be explored. Read More

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Osteosarcoma Mimicking Tenosynovial Giant Cell Tumor of the Hip in a Pediatric Patient: A Case Report.

JBJS Case Connect 2021 04 13;11(2). Epub 2021 Apr 13.

University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Case: A 17-year-old boy presented to the clinic complaining of right hip pain after soccer participation. Clinical findings and imaging studies led to the diagnoses of femoroacetabular impingement and diffuse tenosynovial giant cell tumor (TGCT). Comprehensive arthroscopic management and biopsy revealed a diagnosis of osteosarcoma. Read More

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Analysis of the CAG tract length in the Androgen Receptor gene in Mexican patients with nonsyndromic cryptorchidism.

J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab 2021 Apr 12. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Laboratorio de Biología de la Reproducción, Instituto Nacional de Pediatría, Ciudad de México, México.

Objectives: Cryptorchidism is the most common genitourinary birth defect in live newborn males and is considered as an important risk factor for testicular germ cell tumors and infertility. The Androgen Receptor gene is important in this pathology due to its participation, mainly, in the inguinoscrotal phase of testicular descent. We determine the length of the CAG tract in the Androgen Receptor () gene in Mexican patients with nonsyndromic cryptorchidism. Read More

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Tenosynovial Giant-Cell Tumor Presenting as Septic Arthritis of the Knee.

J Am Acad Orthop Surg Glob Res Rev 2021 Apr 6;5(4). Epub 2021 Apr 6.

From the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Tripler Army Medical Center, Honolulu, HI (Dr. Lausé, Dr. Krul, Dr. Bottoni), and the Department of Orthopaedics, Walter Reed National Military Medical Center, Bethesda, MD (Dr. Baird).

Tenosynovial giant-cell tumor (TGCT) is an intraarticular giant-cell tumor of the synovial tissue and tendon sheaths which often mimics multiple conditions on presentation. This case report describes a previously asymptomatic 67-year-old man with preliminary clinical and laboratory evaluation suggestive of septic arthritis; however, arthroscopy revealed diffuse synovitis, and biopsy confirmed TGCT. To our knowledge, this is the first report of TGCT presenting as septic arthritis in an adult patient. Read More

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Differential methylation EPIC analysis discloses cisplatin-resistance related hypermethylation and tumor-specific heterogeneity within matched primary and metastatic testicular germ cell tumor patient tissue samples.

Clin Epigenetics 2021 Apr 6;13(1):70. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Cancer Biology and Epigenetics Group, IPO Porto Research Center (GEBC CI-IPOP), Portuguese Oncology Institute of Porto (IPO Porto) & Porto Comprehensive Cancer Center (P.CCC), R. Dr. António Bernardino de Almeida, 4200-072, Porto, Portugal.

Testicular germ cell tumors (TGCTs) are among the most common solid malignancies in young-adult men, and currently most mortality is due to metastatic disease and emergence of resistance to cisplatin. There is some evidence that increased methylation is one mechanism behind this resistance, stemming from individual studies, but approaches based on matched primary and metastatic patient samples are lacking. Herein, we provide an EPIC array-based study of matched primary and metastatic TGCT samples. Read More

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Between a Rock and a Hard Place: An Epigenetic-Centric View of Testicular Germ Cell Tumors.

Cancers (Basel) 2021 Mar 25;13(7). Epub 2021 Mar 25.

Department of Comparative Biosciences and the Carle Illinois College of Medicine and the Cancer Center of Illinois, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA.

Compared to many common solid tumors, the main genetic drivers of most testicular germ cell tumors (TGCTs) are unknown. Decades of focus on genomic alterations in TGCTs including awareness of a near universal increase in copies of chromosome 12p have failed to uncover exceptional driver genes, especially in genes that can be targeted therapeutically. Thus far, TGCT patients have missed out on the benefits of targeted therapies available to treat most other malignancies. Read More

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Management of tenosynovial giant cell tumour of the foot and ankle.

Bone Joint J 2021 Apr;103-B(4):788-794

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Nuffield Orthopaedic Centre, Oxford University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Oxford, UK.

Aims: Tenosynovial giant cell tumour (TGCT) is one of the most common soft-tissue tumours of the foot and ankle and can behave in a locally aggressive manner. Tumour control can be difficult, despite the various methods of treatment available. Since treatment guidelines are lacking, the aim of this study was to review the multidisciplinary management by presenting the largest series of TGCT of the foot and ankle to date from two specialized sarcoma centres. Read More

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RNA-Binding Proteins Play an Important Role in the Prognosis of Patients With Testicular Germ Cell Tumor.

Front Genet 2021 11;12:610291. Epub 2021 Mar 11.

Department of Urology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China.

Testicular germ cell tumors (TGCTs) are common urological neoplasms in young adult males. The outcome of TGCT depends on pathologic type and tumor stage. RNA-binding proteins (RBPs) influence numerous cancers via post-transcriptional regulation. Read More

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Thromboembolic events in metastatic testicular cancer treated with cisplatin-based chemotherapy.

World J Clin Oncol 2021 Mar;12(3):183-194

Division of Hematology/Oncology, Department of Medicine, UCI Medical Center, Orange, CA 92868, United States.

Background: Testicular germ cell tumor (TGCT) is the most curable solid tumor and most common cancer among men 18-39 years. While cisplatin-based chemotherapy has significantly lengthened the survival of patients with TGCT, it is associated with a high rate of thromboembolic events (TEE).

Aim: To summarize our single-center experience highlighting patients who were diagnosed with TGCT and received platinum-based chemotherapy, with special attention to those patients who suffered a TEE. Read More

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Diffuse-Type Tenosynovial Giant Cell Tumor Arising in the Temporomandibular Joint Extending to the External Auditory Canal: A Case Report and Literature Review.

Ear Nose Throat J 2021 Mar 23:1455613211002954. Epub 2021 Mar 23.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Asahikawa Medical University, Japan.

A 74-year-old Japanese woman with a 1-year history of right preauricular pain and a 2-month history of bleeding from the right ear was admitted to our department. Tumor was observed in the anterior wall in the right external auditory canal. Bony swelling of the right preauricular area was palpated. Read More

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Patient-Derived Tumor Xenografts Plus Ex Vivo Models Enable Drug Validation for Tenosynovial Giant Cell Tumors.

Ann Surg Oncol 2021 Mar 21. Epub 2021 Mar 21.

Department of Orthopedics, Orthopedic Research Institute, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China.

Introduction: Tenosynovial giant cell tumor (TGCT) is a locally aggressive tumor with colony-stimulating factor 1 receptor (CSF1R) signal expression. However, there is a lack of better in vivo and ex vivo models for TGCT. This study aims to establish a favorable preclinical translational platform, which would enable the validation of efficient and personalized therapeutic candidates for TGCT. Read More

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Salvage management of patients with relapsing testicular germ cell tumors.

Curr Opin Urol 2021 05;31(3):206-213

Department of Urology, Uro-Oncology, Robot-Assisted and Specialized Urologic Surgery, University Hospital Cologne, Germany.

Purpose Of Review: This review aims to summarize the latest evidence of medical and surgical treatment options for patients with relapsing testicular germ cell tumors.

Recent Findings: Depending on International Germ Cell Cancer Classification Group risk classification 10-50% of patients with metastatic TGCT develop relapse which needs further multimodality treatment. With regard to therapy, early relapses are stratified according to their prognostic risk profile which results in a 3-year overall survival between 6% in the very high to 77% in the very low risk group. Read More

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Genetically Inferred Telomere Length and Testicular Germ Cell Tumor Risk.

Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2021 Jun 18;30(6):1275-1278. Epub 2021 Mar 18.

Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, NCI, Rockville, Maryland.

Background: Studies evaluating the association between peripheral blood leukocyte telomere length (LTL) and testicular germ cell tumor (TGCT) risk have produced conflicting results.

Methods: Using available genotype data from the Testicular Cancer Consortium (TECAC), polygenic risk score and Mendelian randomization analyses of genetic variants previously associated with LTL were used to assess potential etiologic associations between telomere length and TGCT risk.

Results: Genetically inferred telomere length was not associated with TGCT risk among 2,049 cases and 6,921 controls with individual-level genotype data (OR, 1. Read More

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Calcified chondroid mesenchymal neoplasms with FN1-receptor tyrosine kinase gene fusions including FGFR2, FGFR1, MERTK, NTRK1, and TEK: a molecular and clinicopathologic analysis.

Mod Pathol 2021 Mar 16. Epub 2021 Mar 16.

Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, United States.

Translocations involving FN1 have been described in a variety of neoplasms that share the presence of a cartilage matrix and may also contain a variable extent of calcification. Fusions of FN1 to FGFR1 or FGFR2 have been reported in nine soft tissue chondromas, mostly demonstrated indirectly by FISH analysis. Delineation of FN1 fusions with various partner genes will facilitate our understanding of the pathogenesis and diagnostic classification of these neoplasms. Read More

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m6A RNA methylation regulators play an important role in the prognosis of patients with testicular germ cell tumor.

Transl Androl Urol 2021 Feb;10(2):662-679

Department of Urology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China.

Background: N6-methyladenosine (m6A) is found to be associated with promoting tumorigenesis in different types of cancers, however, the function of m6A-related genes in testicular germ cell tumors (TGCT) development remains to be illuminated. This study aimed to investigated the prognostic value of m6A RNA methylation regulators in TGCT.

Methods: We collected TGCT patients' information about clinicopathologic parameters and twenty-two m6A regulatory genes expression from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database and Genotype-Tissue Expression (GTEx). Read More

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February 2021