59 results match your criteria testing humanistic


Pilot Testing and Psychometric Validation of the Nijmegen Professionalism Scale for Spanish Nursing.

Res Theory Nurs Pract 2021 Mar 5. Epub 2021 Mar 5.

Faculty of Health Sciences, Universidad de Zaragoza, Zaragoza, Zaragoza

Background And Purpose: Professional commitment is frequently used as a humanistic care indicator. Thus, it is important to design and validate a tool which is able to measure professional commitment of nurses in Spain. In this study we aimed to analyze the psychometric properties of the Nijmegen Professionalism Scale for Spanish (NPS-S) nursing in order to verify its validity and reliability. Read More

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"Principles" Guiding Our Medical ICU.

Crit Care Explor 2021 Jan 8;3(1):e0322. Epub 2021 Jan 8.

Division of General Internal Medicine, Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD.

Caring for the critically ill is a humanistic endeavor that requires thoughtful collaboration by a multidisciplinary team. In recent times, patient care in ICUs has become more complex with technological advances in monitoring, diagnostic testing, and therapeutics; many of these advances have translated into improved patient outcomes. In this increasingly complicated system, local culture and goals for the unit can also be overwhelmed by the impersonal and overarching institutional objectives. Read More

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January 2021

Therapeutic interventions in in-person and remote psychotherapy: Survey with psychotherapists and patients experiencing in-person and remote psychotherapy during COVID-19.

Clin Psychol Psychother 2021 Jan 15. Epub 2021 Jan 15.

Department for Psychotherapy and Biopsychosocial Health, Danube University Krems, Krems an der Donau, Austria.

Objective: First, to investigate how psychotherapists and patients experience the change from in-person to remote psychotherapy or vice versa during COVID-19 regarding the therapeutic interventions used. Second, to explore the influence of therapeutic orientations on therapeutic interventions in in-person versus remote psychotherapy.

Method: Psychotherapists (N = 217) from Austria were recruited, who in turn recruited their patients (N = 133). Read More

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January 2021

Stress among university students: the psychometric properties of the Italian version of the SBI-U 9 scale for Academic Burnout in university students.

Health Psychol Res 2020 Oct 1;8(2):9209. Epub 2020 Oct 1.

Department of Educational Sciences, University of Catania, Catania, Italy.

Several authors have highlighted the importance of creating a useful tool to evaluate academic Burnout through the construction and validation of specific scales to evaluate academic Burnout. Based on the literature, the aim of this study is to evaluate in Italian university the psychometric properties of the SBI-U 9 scale for Academic Burnout in university students in Italy developed by Boada-Grau and colleagues. Study 1 (N=609) examined the factor structure of the scale (Male=45. Read More

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October 2020

Evaluating an implementation programme for medication review with follow-up in community pharmacy using a hybrid effectiveness study design: translating evidence into practice.

BMJ Open 2020 09 29;10(9):e036669. Epub 2020 Sep 29.

Clinical Pharmacy Section, Pharmacy Department, Universidad de Granada, Granada, Spain.

Objectives: To evaluate an implementation programme of a community pharmacy medication review with follow-up (MRF) service using a hybrid effectiveness-implementation study design, and to compare the clinical and humanistic outcomes with those in a previously conducted cluster randomised controlled trial (cRCT).

Setting: Community pharmacies in Spain.

Participants: 135 community pharmacies and 222 pharmacists providing MRF to polymedicated patients aged 65 or over. Read More

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September 2020

Rapid vessel segmentation and reconstruction of head and neck angiograms using 3D convolutional neural network.

Nat Commun 2020 09 24;11(1):4829. Epub 2020 Sep 24.

Department of Radiology, Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University, No. 45 Changchun Street, Xicheng District, 100053, Beijing, China.

The computed tomography angiography (CTA) postprocessing manually recognized by technologists is extremely labor intensive and error prone. We propose an artificial intelligence reconstruction system supported by an optimized physiological anatomical-based 3D convolutional neural network that can automatically achieve CTA reconstruction in healthcare services. This system is trained and tested with 18,766 head and neck CTA scans from 5 tertiary hospitals in China collected between June 2017 and November 2018. Read More

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September 2020

Correlation Between Patients' Medication Adherence and Their Psychological Contract with Hospital Pharmacists.

Patient Prefer Adherence 2020 4;14:1605-1613. Epub 2020 Sep 4.

Department of Clinical Pharmacy, School of Pharmacy, Zunyi Medical University, Zunyi 563006, People's Republic of China.

Objective: To investigate the correlation between patients' medication adherence and their psychological contract with hospital pharmacists under the background of the pharmacist-patient relationship, providing a reference for improving the pharmacist-patient relationship and the patients' medication adherence based on the patients' psychological contract with the hospital pharmacists.

Materials And Methods: Some of the patients who received medication dispensing service at the outpatient pharmacies at the First Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical University and the Second Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical University were included and investigated as follows: 320 patients were included through the convenient sampling method for psychological contract and medication adherence questionnaire survey with the self-designed scales for patients' psychological contract with the hospital pharmacists and their medication adherence. SPSS 17. Read More

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September 2020

Effectiveness of a On-site Medicalization Program for Nursing Homes With COVID-19 Outbreaks.

J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 2021 02;76(3):e19-e27

Internal Medicine Department, University Hospital Virgen del Rocío, Seville, Spain.

Background: Nursing homes are highly vulnerable to the occurrence of COVID-19 outbreaks, which result in high lethality rates. Most of them are not prepared to severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic.

Method: A coordinated on-site medicalization program (MP) in response to a sizeable COVID-19 outbreak in 4 nursing homes was organized, with the objectives of improving survival, offering humanistic palliative care to residents in their natural environment, and reducing hospital referrals. Read More

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February 2021

Making a case for a change to using CEFR-oriented placement test scores: A reflexive ethnographic decision making.

Heliyon 2020 Jan 30;6(1):e03324. Epub 2020 Jan 30.

School of Foreign Languages, Suranaree University of Technology, Thailand.

The term 'language testing and assessment' (LTA) seems to often invoke ideas related to numbers, such as mathematical equation and statistical calculation. This may range from scoring performance or responses to examination questions as numbers, to informing stakeholders of test results. This article investigates a series of actions pertaining to LTA by bringing in reflexive ethnography (Davies, C. Read More

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January 2020

Initial Validation of a Patient-Reported Measure of Compassion: Determining the Content Validity and Clinical Sensibility among Patients Living with a Life-Limiting and Incurable Illness.

Patient 2020 06;13(3):327-337

University of Humanistic Studies, Kromme Nieuwegracht 29, 3512 HD, Utrecht, The Netherlands.

Background: Although compassionate care is considered a cornerstone of quality palliative care, there is a paucity of valid and reliable measures to study, assess, and evaluate how patients experience compassion/compassionate care in their care.

Objective: The aim was to develop a patient-reported compassion measure for use in research and clinical practice with established content-related validity evidence for the items, question stems, and response scale.

Methods: Content validation for an initial 109 items was conducted through a two-round modified Delphi technique, followed by cognitive interviews with patients. Read More

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A Targeted Literature Review of the Disease Burden in Patients With Symptomatic Peripheral Artery Disease.

Angiology 2020 Apr 30;71(4):303-314. Epub 2019 Dec 30.

Bayer AG, Berlin, Germany.

Patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD) have an increased risk of cardiovascular (CV) and limb events, but the disease is frequently underdiagnosed and treatment options are limited. This review examines the disease burden of symptomatic PAD as well as key guideline recommendations. Publications were identified using the ProQuest portal to access the Medline, Medline In-Process, and Embase databases. Read More

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Clustering the Brain With "CluB": A New Toolbox for Quantitative Meta-Analysis of Neuroimaging Data.

Front Neurosci 2019 22;13:1037. Epub 2019 Oct 22.

NeuroMI, Milan Centre for Neuroscience, Milan, Italy.

In this paper we describe and validate a new coordinate-based method for meta-analysis of neuroimaging data based on an optimized hierarchical clustering algorithm: CluB (Clustering the Brain). The CluB toolbox permits both to extract a set of spatially coherent clusters of activations from a database of stereotactic coordinates, and to explore each single cluster of activation for its composition according to the cognitive dimensions of interest. This last step, called "cluster composition analysis," permits to explore neurocognitive effects by adopting a factorial-design logic and by testing the working hypotheses using either asymptotic tests, or exact tests either in a classic inference, or in a Bayesian-like context. Read More

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October 2019

Birds of a Feather? Genetic Counseling, Genetic Testing, and Humanism.

Authors:
Robert Resta

Cold Spring Harb Perspect Med 2020 11 2;10(11). Epub 2020 Nov 2.

Swedish Cancer Institute, Swedish Medical Center, Seattle, Washington 98104, USA.

Humanism is a philosophy that emphasizes rational, scientific, and empiric analysis of the world we live in to improve the physical, social, and psychological life of humanity. Although individual genetic counselors may or may not identify as humanists, genetic counseling and genetic testing are primarily humanistic endeavors because they are situated in the context of humanistic medicine in the westernized world. Humanistic goals are also implicit and explicit in the profession and practice of genetic counselors. Read More

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November 2020

Perceived Health and Life Satisfaction of Elderly People: Testing the Moderating Effects of Social Support, Attitudes Toward Aging, and Senior Privilege.

J Geriatr Psychiatry Neurol 2020 05 4;33(3):144-154. Epub 2019 Aug 4.

School of Foreign Languages and Tourism, Wuxi Institute of Technology, Wuxi, Jiangsu, China.

As health declines with age, it is critical to explore moderators that could buffer the impact of declining health on life satisfaction of elderly people. This study aims to test the moderating effects of social support, attitudes toward aging, and senior privilege on the relationship between perceived health and life satisfaction among elderly people. The study used a sample of 5809 Chinese elderly people. Read More

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A Patient-Centered Mobile Phone App (iHeartU) With a Virtual Human Assistant for Self-Management of Heart Failure: Protocol for a Usability Assessment Study.

JMIR Res Protoc 2019 May 23;8(5):e13502. Epub 2019 May 23.

Department of Public Health Sciences, Clemson University, Clemson, SC, United States.

Background: Heart failure (HF) causes significant economic and humanistic burden for patients and their families, especially those with a low income, partly due to high hospital readmission rates. Optimal self-care is considered an important nonpharmacological aspect of HF management that can improve health outcomes. Emerging evidence suggests that self-management assisted by smartphone apps may reduce rehospitalization rates and improve the quality of life of patients. Read More

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Elicitation of Health-Related Utility in Perianal Fistula in Crohn's Disease.

Patient 2019 06;12(3):339-348

Hull and East Yorkshire Hospital, Hull, UK.

Background And Objective: Perianal fistulae are a common complication of Crohn's disease (CD) and pose a substantial burden on quality of life. Data capturing health-related utility associated with perianal fistulae in CD are scarce. The current study aims to value health states related to different stages of the disease to quantitatively evaluate the impact of complex perianal fistulae on CD patients' quality of life. Read More

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Systematic review of progressive familial intrahepatic cholestasis.

Clin Res Hepatol Gastroenterol 2019 02 17;43(1):20-36. Epub 2018 Sep 17.

Pediatric Gastroenterology, Wilhelmina Children's Hospital, University Medical Center, Utrecht, Netherlands. Electronic address:

Background And Aims: Progressive familial intrahepatic cholestasis (PFIC) is a heterogeneous group of rare genetic disorders associated with bile acid secretion or transport defects. This is the first systematic review of the epidemiology, natural history and burden of PFIC.

Methods: MEDLINE and Embase were searched for publications on PFIC prevalence, incidence or natural history, and the economic burden or health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of patients with PFIC. Read More

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February 2019

Towards the validation of a new, blended theoretical model of fear of cancer recurrence.

Psychooncology 2018 11 27;27(11):2594-2601. Epub 2018 Sep 27.

School of Psychology, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.

Objective: Fear of cancer recurrence (FCR) is defined as "fear, worry, or concern about cancer returning or progressing". To date, only the seminal model proposed by Lee-Jones and colleagues has been partially validated, so additional model testing is critical to inform intervention efforts. The purpose of this study is to examine the validity of a blended model of FCR that integrates Leventhal's Common Sense Model, Mishel's Uncertainty in Illness Theory, and cognitive theories of worry. Read More

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November 2018

"Gold Standards," Plurality and Monocultures: The Need for Diversity in Psychotherapy.

Front Psychiatry 2018 24;9:159. Epub 2018 Apr 24.

Department of Psychosomatics and Psychotherapy, Justus-Liebig-University Giessen, Giessen, Germany.

For psychotherapy of mental disorders, presently several approaches are available, such as interpersonal, humanistic, systemic, psychodynamic or cognitive behavior therapy (CBT). Pointing to the available evidence, proponents of CBT claim that CBT is the gold standard. Some authors even argue for an integrated CBT-based form of psychotherapy as the only form of psychotherapy. Read More

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Collaborative-group testing improves learning and knowledge retention of human physiology topics in second-year medical students.

Adv Physiol Educ 2018 Jun;42(2):232-239

Special Chair "Doctor Elías Sourasky", Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México , Mexico City, Mexico.

The present study examined the relationship between second-year medical students' group performance and individual performance in a collaborative-learning environment. In recent decades, university professors in the scientific and humanistic disciplines have successfully put into practice different modalities of collaborative approaches to teaching. Essentially, collaborative approach refers to a variety of techniques that involves the joint intellectual effort of a small group of students, which encourages interaction and discussion among students and professors. Read More

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Research Priorities for Healthcare Chaplaincy: Views of U.S. Chaplains.

J Health Care Chaplain 2018 Apr-Jun;24(2):57-66. Epub 2017 Dec 4.

c Rush University Medical Center , Chicago , Illinois.

Chaplains in the United States and around the world appear to support an evidence-based practice approach to chaplaincy. While there continues to be strong growth in spiritual care research, several spiritual care researchers have stressed the need for a research agenda for chaplaincy. This study investigated the research priorities of chaplains who completed a survey distributed at four chaplaincy conferences in 2016. Read More

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October 2019

Implementation of a Standardized Medication Therapy Management Plus Approach within Primary Care.

J Am Board Fam Med 2017 Nov-Dec;30(6):701-714

From Tabula Rasa HealthCare, Moorestown, NJ (EJS, JT, OVK, CHK, KTB); Elmwood Family Physicians, Evesham Township, NJ (JP, PP, HS); Personalized Medicine & Targeted Therapeutics, University of the Sciences, Philadelphia, PA (AMI).

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to implement a clinical pharmacist-led medication therapy management (MTM) service within a primary-care setting that is enhanced by 1) a clinical decision support system (CDSS) that includes a unique combination of medication risk mitigation factors, which aids the pharmacist in interpreting the medication profile, and 2) pharmacogenomics (PGx) testing.

Methods: This was a service implementation study, whereby Medicare beneficiaries were eligible if they were patients of Elmwood Family Physicians, a private family, primary care practice with 2 locations in New Jersey, and were on at least 7 medications. Patients had a medication reconciliation completed by a pharmacist and performed a PGx buccal swab. Read More

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Longitudinal study of religiosity and mental health of adolescents with psychiatric problems. The TRAILS study.

Eur Psychiatry 2017 09 15;45:65-71. Epub 2017 Jun 15.

Karakter Child and Adolescent Psychiatry University Center, Nijmegen, The Netherlands; Radboud University Medical Center, Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behavior, Department of Cognitive Neuroscience, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.

Purpose: This study used longitudinal data to examine the influence of the religiosity of pre-adolescents with psychiatric problems on the course of mental health during adolescence.

Methods: In the TRAILS clinical cohort of 543 pre-adolescents (10-12 years), mental health problems were assessed using self-report at baseline, T2 (12-14 years), T3 (14-17 years), and T4 (17-21 years). The Youth Self Report (YSR) was used at baseline, T2, and T3, and the Adult Self Report (ASR) was used at T4. Read More

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September 2017

Testing evidence routine practice: Using an implementation framework to embed a clinically proven asthma service in Australian community pharmacy.

Res Social Adm Pharm 2017 Sep - Oct;13(5):989-996. Epub 2017 May 30.

The Woolcock Institute of Medical Research, Sydney, Australia; Sydney Local Health District, Sydney, Australia.

Introduction: Community pharmacists are well placed and evidence clearly demonstrates that they can be suitably trained to deliver professional services that improve the management of asthma patients in clinical, economic and humanistic terms. However the gap between this evidence and practice reality remains wide. In this study we measure the implementation process as well as the service benefits of an asthma service model. Read More

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Assessment of Nutritional Status of Iodine Through Urinary Iodine Screening Among Local Children and Adolescents After the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant Accident.

Thyroid 2016 12 31;26(12):1778-1785. Epub 2016 Oct 31.

1 Department of Internal Medicine, Hirata Central Hospital , Hirata, Fukushima, Japan .

Background: Iodine deficiency is an important modifier of the risk of thyroid cancer following irradiation. However, little information is available on the prevalence of iodine deficiency in Fukushima and its surroundings after the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant accident that occurred in March 2011.

Methods: In order to assess urinary iodine concentrations (UIC) and the prevalence of iodine deficiency and to elucidate any associations between demographic characteristics and UIC levels among children and adolescents aged ≤18 years at the time of the accident in Fukushima Prefecture and its surroundings, the data on voluntary UIC testing conducted by Hirata Central Hospital, Fukushima, were evaluated. Read More

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December 2016

Load release balance test under unstable conditions effectively discriminates between physically active and sedentary young adults.

Hum Mov Sci 2016 Aug 18;48:142-52. Epub 2016 May 18.

Laboratory of Kinesiology, Biomechanics and Ergonomics, Faculty of Education Sciences, Nursing and Physiotherapy, University of Almería, Spain.

This study investigates test-retest reliability and diagnostic accuracy of the load release balance test under four varied conditions. Young, early and late middle-aged physically active and sedentary subjects performed the test over 2 testing sessions spaced 1week apart while standing on either (1) a stable or (2) an unstable surface with (3) eyes open (EO) and (4) eyes closed (EC), respectively. Results identified that test-retest reliability of parameters of the load release balance test was good to excellent, with high values of ICC (0. Read More

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Development and Psychometric Testing of the Humanistic Nurse-Patient Scale.

Can J Aging 2016 Mar 16;35(1):1-13. Epub 2016 Feb 16.

Lawrence S. Bloomberg Faculty of Nursing,University of Toronto.

Quality of life and well-being of older patients in chronic care facilities is often determined by their relationships with nurses. The authors developed and tested a scale to assess patients' views of what matters most when relating to nurses. Based on the humanistic nursing theory by Paterson and Zderad (1988), 69 items were created and tested with a sample of 40 patients, resulting in refinement of a scale with 24 items. Read More

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Quality of life and cognitive functions in early onset multiple sclerosis.

Eur J Paediatr Neurol 2016 Jan 3;20(1):158-63. Epub 2015 Sep 3.

Department of Neurosciences, Reproductive Science and Odontostomatology, Federico II University, Naples, Italy.

Background: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a demyelinating disease of the CNS occurring in young adults and even in children in 5% of cases. Lower quality of life (QoL) and cognitive impairment (CI) (40-54%) have been reported in early-onset MS (EO-MS) patients.

Objective: To assess QoL and cognitive function in EO-MS and their relationship, also considering demographic and clinical variables. Read More

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January 2016

Patterns of Care and Treatment Target Success among Persons with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Dubai: A Retrospective Cohort Study.

Value Health Reg Issues 2015 Sep 27;7:87-93. Epub 2015 Oct 27.

Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada. Electronic address:

Objectives: Despite the high prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), few data exist describing its management in Dubai. This study characterized the treatment and estimated levels of glycemic, lipid, and blood pressure control among a sample with T2DM at a large Dubai Hospital.

Methods: This retrospective cohort study systematically sampled charts from adults seeking care for T2DM from October 2009 to March 2010 until the target (N = 250) was reached. Read More

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September 2015

Development of a questionnaire to measure the key attributes of the community palliative care specialist nurse role.

Int J Palliat Nurs 2015 Feb;21(2):87-95

Team Leader, Community Macmillan Nurses and the Hospital Palliative Care Team, Cornhill Macmillan Centre, Perth Royal Infirmary, Perth, Scotland UK.

Background: Recent worldwide economic events have forced an examination of the nurse's contribution to high-quality, effective, person-centred care. Since the role of specialist nurses is considered one of the least understood or valued developments in nursing, specialist nurses must demonstrate their contribution to quality, person-centred health care.

Aim: To develop a questionnaire which aims to measure the quality of care provided by palliative care specialist nurses from the patients' perspective and to undertake initial validation. Read More

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February 2015