Encephale 2021 Sep 17. Epub 2021 Sep 17.
Service universitaire de médecine du sommeil, CHU de Bordeaux, place Amélie-Raba-Léon, 33076 Bordeaux, France; USR CNRS 3413 SANPSY, université de Bordeaux, CHU Pellegrin, 33076 Bordeaux cédex, France.
Introduction: In clinical practice, the usefulness of diagnosis based on the Diagnostic or Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) or the International Classification of Diseases, 11th edition, appears essential from a clinical, research, epidemiological, administrative, economic and political level. However, such diagnostic systems have shortcomings in terms of validity, little consideration of comorbidities and strong intra-class heterogeneity. On a structural level, the operationalization of its criteria is based on a reliability which has been defined a posteriori and which does not lead to improving the validity of the diagnosis but rather to the reification of the diagnostic categories. Read More