6,219 results match your criteria terminal ileum

Characterization of American Teduglutide Consumers from 2015-2020: A Large Database Study.

JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 2021 Jul 21. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Louis Stokes VA Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio, United States.

Introduction: Teduglutide, a glucagon-like peptide-2 analog, is a novel therapy for intestinal failure that reduces need for parenteral support, especially in patients without a functional terminal ileum or colon. It can also predispose patients to accelerated progression of gastrointestinal malignancy and fluid overload. We demographically and clinically characterized American patients prescribed teduglutide using a large database. Read More

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Underwater endoscopic mucosal resection for a large polyp in the terminal ileum.

Dig Endosc 2021 Jul 21. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Department of Gastrointestinal Oncology, Osaka International Cancer Institute, Osaka, Japan.

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Interferon-Induced Crohn's Disease: An Unusual Side Effect of Interferon Therapy in a Patient With Chronic Hepatitis C Virus Infection.

Cureus 2021 Jun 10;13(6):e15568. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University of Missouri-Columbia, Columbia, USA.

Gastrointestinal side effects of interferon (IFN) therapy for chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection are non-specific. Rarely, this therapy has been reported to induce ischemic colitis and even ulcerative colitis. However, IFN-induced Crohn's disease (CD) has previously been reported in only two individuals. Read More

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Flattening in the Anteroposterior Direction of the Terminal Ileum or Sigmoid Colon Lying Across the Psoas Muscle on Magnetic Resonance Enterography in Patients with Crohn's Disease.

Korean J Radiol 2021 Jul 14. Epub 2021 Jul 14.

Inflammatory Bowel Disease Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Asan Medical Center, Seoul, Korea.

Objective: Flattening in the anteroposterior direction (AP flattening) of the terminal ileum (TI) or sigmoid colon (SC) lying across the psoas muscle, on magnetic resonance enterography (MRE), might mimic bowel inflammation in the coronal view. This study investigated the prevalence of AP flattening and the factors associated with its development.

Materials And Methods: A total of 364 surgery-naïve patients with Crohn's disease (CD) who had undergone MRE were retrospectively reviewed. Read More

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Evaluation of gastrointestinal symptoms in pediatric patients post hematopoietic stem cell transplantation: Ileo-colonoscopy versus sigmoidoscopy. A single-center experience and review of literature.

Pediatr Blood Cancer 2021 Jul 15:e29235. Epub 2021 Jul 15.

Department of Bone Marrow Transplant and Cancer Immunotherapy, Hadassah - Hebrew University Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel.

Background: Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is a curative therapy used to treat high-risk hematological malignant disorders and other life-threatening nonmalignant diseases. Gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms post-HSCT might be due to GI graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) or GI infections or both. GI endoscopy with biopsies is safe and beneficial in guiding the management of GI symptoms in children after HSCT, justifying the therapeutic management and contributing to improved outcomes. Read More

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Inverse Association Between Infection and Unexplained Isolated Terminal Ileitis: A Retrospective Study.

J Inflamm Res 2021 7;14:3015-3021. Epub 2021 Jul 7.

Department of Gastroenterology, Tongji Hospital of Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, 430030, Hubei Province, People's Republic of China.

Background: Isolated terminal ileitis (ITI) is a phenomenon often observed during colonoscopy, but in most cases, the specific etiology of ITI is unclear. () infection has been reported to be associated with a wide variety of diseases, especially gastrointestinal diseases. Here, we conducted a retrospective study to explore a potential correlation between infection and unexplained ITI (UITI). Read More

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Critical presentation and management of an acute gastrointestinal haemorrhage as a result of an arterioenteric fistula secondary to a failed pancreatic allograft.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Jul 13;14(7). Epub 2021 Jul 13.

Emergency Department, Southern New Hampshire Medical Center, Nashua, New Hampshire, USA.

We present a case of a 60-year-old woman status post failed pancreatic transplant, presenting with right lower extremity pain and large volume rectal bleeding. The team initiated a massive transfusion protocol. Investigations revealed an arterioenteric (AE) fistula between the right external iliac artery and terminal ileum. Read More

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[Preoperative diagnosis of small intestinal cancer associated with Crohn's disease: a case report].

Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi 2021 ;118(7):645-651

Department of Gastroenterology, Kitasato University School of Medicine.

The patient was a 46-year-old woman with a history of Crohn's disease for several years. At 45 years of age, a colonoscopy was performed, and a protruding lesion in the terminal ileum was detected. Pathological analysis of a biopsy specimen noted high suspicion for a well differentiated adenocarcinoma. Read More

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Discrete terminal ileal ulcers in patients diagnosed with ulcerative colitis: clinical significance and natural course.

BMC Gastroenterol 2021 Jul 12;21(1):285. Epub 2021 Jul 12.

Department of Internal Medicine, University of Hallym College of Medicine, Hallym University Sacred Heart Hospital, 22 Gwanpyeong-ro 170-gil, Dongan-gu, Anyang, 14068, Republic of Korea.

Background: Terminal ileal (TI) ulcers are occasionally detected in asymptomatic individuals and mostly resolve without any treatment. In patients with ulcerative colitis (UC), TI ulcers are infrequently observed without evidence of backwash ileitis. However, the clinical significance and natural course of the lesions are unclear. Read More

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Cecal volvulus in an adult male: A rare cause of intestinal obstruction: A case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 Jul 8;85:106186. Epub 2021 Jul 8.

Faculty of Clinical Medicine and Dentistry, Department of Surgery, Kampala International University Western Campus, Ishaka-Bushenyi, Uganda; Department of Surgery, Jinja Regional Referral Hospital, Jinja, Uganda.

Introduction And Importance: Cecal volvulus is uncommon cause of intestinal obstruction. It affects the ascending colon and the terminal part of the ileum which are twisted around the mesenteric pedicle.

Case Presentation: We report the case of 37-year-old male who underwent emergency laparotomy for intestinal obstruction and found a twisted cecum with ileal knotting and anterior part of cecum necrosed. Read More

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[Severe bowel complications in SARS-CoV-2 patients receiving protocolized care].

Rev Gastroenterol Mex 2021 Jul 2. Epub 2021 Jul 2.

Departamento de Cirugía General, Tecnológico de Monterrey, Escuela de Medicina y Ciencias de la Salud, Monterrey, México.

Introduction And Aims: A case series of ten patients that received protocolized care for SARS-CoV-2 infection and developed severe gastrointestinal complications, is presented. The aim of our study was to contribute to the ongoing discussion regarding gastrointestinal complications related to SARS-CoV-2 infection. After reviewing the current literature, ours appears to be the first detailed case series on the topic. Read More

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Endoscopic management of a nail-magnet aggregation impacted in the terminal ileum: a case report.

J Surg Case Rep 2021 Jun 29;2021(6):rjab259. Epub 2021 Jun 29.

Discipline of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, NL, Canada.

Management of inedible foreign objects within the gastrointestinal tract requires diligent observation and timely intervention in situations of impaction, obstruction or perforation. Here, we describe an adult patient with borderline personality disorder presenting with sequential ingestions of nails and magnets that had already passed beyond the reach of upper endoscopy. These objects conglomerated as a single mass in the terminal ileum and failed to clear into the colon despite a prolonged trial of conservative management. Read More

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Acceleration of Small Intestine Development and Remodeling of the Microbiome Following Hyaluronan 35 kDa Treatment in Neonatal Mice.

Nutrients 2021 Jun 12;13(6). Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Cardiovascular Biology Research Program, Oklahoma Medical Research Foundation, Oklahoma City, OK 73104, USA.

The beneficial effects of human milk suppressing the development of intestinal pathologies such as necrotizing enterocolitis in preterm infants are widely known. Human milk (HM) is rich in a multitude of bioactive factors that play major roles in promoting postnatal maturation, differentiation, and the development of the microbiome. Previous studies showed that HM is rich in hyaluronan (HA) especially in colostrum and early milk. Read More

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The Enigmatic N-Terminal Domain of Proglucagon; A Historical Perspective.

J Michael Conlon

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2021 11;12:683089. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Diabetes Research Group, School of Biomedical Sciences, Ulster University, Coleraine, United Kingdom.

Enteroglucagon refers to the predominant peptide with glucagon-like immunoreactivity (GLI) that is released by the intestine into the circulation in response to nutrients. Development of a radioimmunoassay for glucagon revealed issues that were not apparent in applications of the insulin radioimmunoassay. The fact that some antisera raised against glucagon recognized glucagon-related peptides in extracts of both pancreas and gut whereas others recognized only components in the pancreas remained a mystery until it was realized that the "gut GLI cross-reactive" antisera were directed against an epitope in the N-terminal to central region of glucagon whereas the "pancreatic glucagon specific" antisera were directed against an epitope in the C-terminal region. Read More

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Diagnosis of postoperative recurrence of Crohn disease with MR-enterography: Value of diffusion-weighted imaging.

Diagn Interv Imaging 2021 Jun 18. Epub 2021 Jun 18.

Department of Radiology, Reims University Hospital and CRESTIC, URCA, 51092 Reims, France. Electronic address:

Purpose: To compare the diagnostic capabilities of MR enterography (MRE) using contrast-enhanced (CE) sequences with those of MRE using diffusion-weighted (DW) imaging for the diagnosis of postoperative recurrence at the neo-terminal ileum and/or anastomosis after ileocolonic resection in patients with Crohn disease (CD), and to clarify the role of additional DW imaging to CE-MRE in this context.

Material And Methods: Forty patients who underwent ileal resection for CD, and both endoscopy and MRE within the first year after surgery were included. There were 21 men and 19 women, with a mean age of 38 years±12 (SD) years (range: 18-67 years). Read More

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Cross-sectional imaging of intestinal barrier dysfunction by confocal laser endomicroscopy can identify patients with food allergy in vivo with high sensitivity.

Sci Rep 2021 Jun 17;11(1):12777. Epub 2021 Jun 17.

Department of Gastroenterology, Hector-Center for Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, University Hospital Erlangen, Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nuernberg, Erlangen, Germany.

Food allergy (FA) affects approximately 3 to 4% of the adult population in westernized countries. Suspected FA is even more prevalent and requires extensive diagnostic work-up. Within this study, we evaluated whether assessment of the integrity of the epithelial barrier by confocal laser endomicroscopy (CLE) during colonoscopy can be used as a screening tool to identify patients with FA. Read More

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Preservation of Gastrointestinal Mucosal Barrier Function and Microbiome in Patients With Controlled HIV Infection.

Front Immunol 2021 31;12:688886. Epub 2021 May 31.

St. Vincent's Clinical School, UNSW, Darlinghurst, NSW, Australia.

Background: Despite successful ART in people living with HIV infection (PLHIV) they experience increased morbidity and mortality compared with HIV-negative controls. A dominant paradigm is that gut-associated lymphatic tissue (GALT) destruction at the time of primary HIV infection leads to loss of gut integrity, pathological microbial translocation across the compromised gastrointestinal barrier and, consequently, systemic inflammation. We aimed to identify and measure specific changes in the gastrointestinal barrier that might allow bacterial translocation, and their persistence despite initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART). Read More

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Diagnostic utility of multiple site duodenal biopsies in celiac disease.

Indian J Pathol Microbiol 2021 Jun;64(Supplement):S73-S77

Department of Gastroentrology, Dayanand Medical College and Hospital, Ludhiana, Punjab, India.

Background: Celiac Disease involves the small intestine patchily affecting more frequently the proximal small bowel but the histological changes have been observed till terminal ileum. Of late in addition to D2, the duodenal bulb (D1 region) biopsies have been found helpful in identifying a small group of patients with CD. Therefore, multiple site biopsies are recommended as histological changes are not uniform throughout small intestine. Read More

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Terminal ileum is the most sensitive site for the histologic diagnosis of grade 4 graft-versus-host disease (GvHD) in the lower GI tract and is a harbinger of poor outcome.

Virchows Arch 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Department of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine, Vancouver General Hospital/University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada.

The site of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract where biopsies are most likely to be diagnostic of graft-versus-host disease (GvHD) remains controversial. Recent reports have indicated that biopsies from the rectosigmoid have sufficient sensitivity and specificity for diagnosing GI GvHD and can be obtained via a less invasive flexible sigmoidoscopy procedure. While GvHD histologic grades 1-3 have little correlation with patients' symptoms and overall clinical grade, histologic grade 4 GvHD does correlate with severe clinical presentation and a poor prognosis. Read More

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Relating the transcriptome and microbiome by paired terminal ileal Crohn disease.

iScience 2021 Jun 5;24(6):102516. Epub 2021 May 5.

Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Key Laboratory of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Ministry of Health, Inflammatory Bowel Disease Research Center, Renji Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai Institute of Digestive Disease, 160# Pu Jian Avenue, Shanghai 200127, China.

Management of terminal ileal Crohn disease (CD) is difficult due to fibrotic prognosis and failure to achieve mucosal healing. A limited number of synchronous analyses have been conducted on the transcriptome and microbiome in unpaired terminal ileum tissues. Therefore, our study focused on the transcriptome and mucosal microbiome in terminal ileal tissues of patients with CD with the aim of determining the role of cross-talk between the microbiome and transcriptome in the pathogenesis of terminal ileal CD. Read More

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Stress and corticotropin releasing factor (CRF) promote necrotizing enterocolitis in a formula-fed neonatal rat model.

PLoS One 2021 10;16(6):e0246412. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Center for Reproductive Sciences, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America.

The etiology of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is not known. Alterations in gut microbiome, mucosal barrier function, immune cell activation, and blood flow are characterized events in its development, with stress as a contributing factor. The hormone corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) is a key mediator of stress responses and influences these aforementioned processes. Read More

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Neurodevelopmental outcome of very preterm infants with gastrointestinal tract perforations does not differ compared to controls.

Wien Klin Wochenschr 2021 Jul 10;133(13-14):680-686. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Research Unit for Neonatal Infectious Diseases and Epidemiology, Medical University of Graz, Auenbruggerplatz 34/2, 8036, Graz, Austria.

Purpose: To evaluate gastrointestinal tract (GIT) perforations in very low birth weight infants and the effects on neurodevelopmental outcome.

Methods: Between 2000 and 2017 all cases with GIT perforation were analyzed regarding causes, associated morbidities and neurodevelopmental outcome and compared with matched (gestational age, birth weight, gender, year of birth) by 1:2 controls.

Results: The incidence of GIT perforation was 2. Read More

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A Versatile Human Intestinal Organoid-Derived Epithelial Monolayer Model for the Study of Enteric Pathogens.

Microbiol Spectr 2021 Jun 9:e0000321. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Mucosal Immunology and Biology Research Center, Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

Gastrointestinal infections cause significant morbidity and mortality worldwide. The complexity of human biology and limited insights into host-specific infection mechanisms are key barriers to current therapeutic development. Here, we demonstrate that two-dimensional epithelial monolayers derived from human intestinal organoids, combined with like bacterial culturing conditions, provide significant advancements for the study of enteropathogens. Read More

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A Novel Multiparameter Scoring Model for Noninvasive Early Prediction of Ischemic Colitis: A Multicenter, Retrospective, and Real-World Study.

Clin Transl Gastroenterol 2021 Jun 9;12(6):e00370. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of Gastroenterology, Shanghai East Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.

Introduction: Ischemic colitis (IC) is a common gastrointestinal ischemic disease caused by hypoperfusion or reperfusion injury. However, there are few studies on risk factors associated with poor prognoses of the disease. This study aimed to determine the predictors of poor prognoses in patients with IC and establish a prognostic scoring method with good internal and external validity for identifying severe cases in an early stage. Read More

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Hepatoprotective effect of gallic acid against type 2-induced diabetic liver injury in male rats through modulation of fetuin-A and GLP-1 with involvement of ERK1/2/NF-κB and Wnt1/β-catenin signaling pathways.

Gen Physiol Biophys 2021 May;40(3):221-234

Department of Medical Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt.

Gallic acid is a phenolic compound with biological and pharmacological activities. Therefore, our study aimed to examine whether gallic acid has a beneficial effect against type 2-induced diabetic hepatic injury in rats and attempt to discover its possible intracellular pathways. Adult male rats were subdivided into six groups: Control, DM (diabetes mellitus), GA (gallic acid)+DM, DM+GA, DM+MET (metformin) and DM+GA+MET. Read More

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Characterization of terminal-ileal and colonic Crohn's disease in treatment-naïve paediatric patients based on transcriptomic profile using logistic regression.

J Transl Med 2021 06 7;19(1):250. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Department of Bioinformatics, KRIBB School of Bioscience, Korea University of Science and Technology (UST), 217 Gajeong-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon, Korea.

Background: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic and idiopathic inflammatory disorder of the gastrointestinal tract and comprises ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD). Crohn's disease can affect any part of the gastrointestinal tract, but mainly the terminal ileum and colon. In the present study, we aimed to characterize terminal-ileal CD (ICD) and colonic CD (CCD) at the molecular level, which might enable a more optimized approach for the clinical care and scientific research of CD. Read More

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Chronic intentional chicken bone ingestion mimicking inflammatory bowel disease.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Jun 4;14(6). Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Internal Medicine, Naval Medical Center Portsmouth, Portsmouth, Virginia, USA.

Ingestion of food by-products, such as peach pits, chicken bones and fish bones, may lead to intestinal complications. The ingestion of the foreign body is often acute and non-intentional. Acute and life-threatening complications include intestinal perforation or obstruction. Read More

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The use of ileocecal pouch with appendix as an urethral substitute in patients who are willing to have a orthotopic bladder replacement - point of technique.

Actas Urol Esp (Engl Ed) 2021 Jun 14;45(5):406-411. Epub 2021 May 14.

Department of Urology, Landesklinikum Korneuburg-Teaching Hospital, Korneuburg, Austria.

Introduction: The authors describe the technique of orthotopic bladder replacement with an ileocecal pouch and unaltered appendix used as an orthotopic urethral substitute. Additional procedures with regard to the bothersome voiding symptoms will be described.

Material And Methods: In a small cohort of 5 patients with muscle invasive bladder cancer with tumor involvement of the bladder neck or proximal urethra (2 males/3 females) we performed the following reconstruction. Read More

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Cyclosporine-Induced Kaposi Sarcoma in a Patient With Ulcerative Colitis.

ACG Case Rep J 2021 May 26;8(5):e00600. Epub 2021 May 26.

Division of Hepatology and Gastroenterology, The George Washington University Hospital, Washington, DC.

Kaposi sarcoma (KS) is an angioproliferative neoplasm associated with human herpesvirus-8. Gastrointestinal KS has been well documented in immunosuppressed solid organ transplant patients, with only 26 iatrogenic cases published in patients with inflammatory bowel disease. We report a 24-year-old patient with ulcerative colitis, maintained on cyclosporine for 2 years, who presented with watery, nonbloody diarrhea and weight loss. Read More

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