99 results match your criteria temporality living


Origins of a theory of psychic temporality in Freud: The study of eels and the Darwinist influence of Carl Claus.

Authors:
Rodrigo Cornejo

Int J Psychoanal 2018 Apr 28;99(2):450-467. Epub 2018 Mar 28.

Facultad de Humanidades y Ciencias Sociales, Universidad Andres Bello, Escuela De Psicología, Viña Del Mar, Chile.

Freud's research on sexuality was, without doubt, a paradigm shift in the temporary conception of childhood experiences in relation to adult life. From those first experiences arise mnemic material which retroactively constitute the place and function of the unconscious. The theory of a psychic temporality that governs mood process, among other things, brings into question the classic model of time in western societies. Read More

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After Coal: Affective-Temporal Processes of Belonging and Alienation in the Deindustrializing Nottinghamshire Coalfield, UK.

Authors:
Jay Emery

Front Sociol 2020 28;5:38. Epub 2020 May 28.

Department of Urban Studies and Planning, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, United Kingdom.

This article advances conceptualizations of belonging and alienation among deindustrializing people toward (i) pluralistic temporal and (ii) affective processes. The focus is on belonging and alienation among a deindustrialized generation in the Nottinghamshire coalfield, UK, exploring how various affective-temporal processes mediate capacities, claims, and senses of belonging and alienation. Extant studies suggest that multiple temporal processes constitute deindustrialized places, particularly intergenerational transmissions, declarative memory, and place-histories. Read More

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Opting Out: Aging Gays, HIV/AIDS and the Bio-Politics of Queer Viral Time.

Authors:
David A B Murray

J Homosex 2021 Mar 23:1-18. Epub 2021 Mar 23.

Department of Anthropology and Sexuality Studies Program, York University, Toronto, Canada.

This paper expands the scope of inquiry into HIV and aging through an ethnographic exploration of a small group of older, long-term (20 or more years) HIV+ gay white men in Toronto who meet fortnightly to discuss and reflect on everyday challenges of living with HIV but do not want to be affiliated with existing HIV/AIDS support organizations. Their discussions reveal a critique of professionalization and biomedical bias in contemporary mainstream Canadian HIV/AIDS discourses and support services, reflecting their shared experiences and memories of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Canada over many decades. I argue that their frustration with and disengagement from contemporary mainstream HIV/AIDS discourses and support services, based on shared experiences and memories, produces a particular form of "queer viral time," developed through the intersectional dynamics of epidemiological time, gender, age, race and sexual orientation. Read More

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Healing time: the experience of body and temporality when coping with illness and incapacity.

Authors:
Drew Leder

Med Health Care Philos 2021 Mar 18;24(1):99-111. Epub 2021 Feb 18.

Department of Philosophy, Loyola University Maryland, Baltimore, USA.

The lived body has structures of ability built up over time through habit. Serious illness, injury, and incapacity can disrupt these capacities, and thereby, one's relationship to the body, and to time itself. This paper focuses attention on a series of healing strategies individuals then employ on the "chessboard" of possibilities intrinsic to lived embodiment. Read More

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Time to initiation of antenatal care and its predictors among pregnant women in Ethiopia: Cox-gamma shared frailty model.

PLoS One 2021 5;16(2):e0246349. Epub 2021 Feb 5.

Department of Health Service Management, School of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Wollo University, Dessie, Ethiopia.

Background: Timely initiating antenatal care (ANC) is crucial in the countries that have high maternal morbidity and mortality. However, in developing countries including Ethiopia, pregnant mother's time to initiate antenatal care was not well-studied. Therefore, this study aimed to assess time to first ANC and its predictors among pregnant women in Ethiopia. Read More

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February 2021

Coping of Older Adults in Times of Covid-19: Considerations of Temporality Among Dutch Older Adults.

J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 2021 Jan 10. Epub 2021 Jan 10.

Leyden Academy on Vitality and Ageing, Rijnsburgerweg AA, Leiden, the Netherlands.

Objectives: Globally, mitigation measures during COVID-19 pandemic have focused on protecting older adults. Earlier disaster studies have shown the importance of including older peoples' voices to prevent secondary stressors, yet these voices have received little attention during this pandemic. Here, we explore how Dutch older adults view this crisis and cope with measures to contribute to our understanding of coping of older adults in general and during disaster situations more specifically. Read More

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January 2021

"Just ask me what it means to live with dementia" - people with mild dementia's strategies and techniques shared through in-depth qualitative interviews.

J Clin Nurs 2020 Dec 16. Epub 2020 Dec 16.

University of Northampton, University Drive, Northampton, UK.

This article presents results from interviews with twelve persons with mild dementia about how life had changed since they received their diagnosis, exploring their experiences of dementia and how they manage life by using different strategies and techniques. Knowledge about how people with mild dementia experience life is important to explore through their unique perspective, providing clinical practice with knowledge to improve dementia care. Twelve participants were recruited at a Danish school service for people with mild dementia where they receive cognitive stimulation. Read More

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December 2020

Queering the Social Imaginaries of the Dead.

Aust Fem Stud 2020 Jul 23;35(104):170-185. Epub 2020 Jul 23.

Department of Ethnology, History of Religions and Gender Studies, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.

I offer a philosophical examination and feminist queering of the social imaginaries of the dead - with specific reference to recent public disclosures about death in Ireland's Mother and Baby Homes - by looking at the issue of spectrality through the work of Jacques Derrida and others. What does it mean to respond to the dead, who, though temporarily forgotten, return to haunt us not as remembered human beings but as remnants or remainders? The normative distinctions between past and present; past, present and future; between living and non-living; absence and presence; and self and other are all made indistinct when displaced by a non-linear temporality. What differential is in play with respect to those who are grievable (in Judith Butler's terms) and the others who constitute what Giorgio Agamben calls bare life? The strategy of memorialising the re/discovered dead seems inadequate, and I outline an alternative hauntological ethics, as suggested by Derrida, and ask if there are queer social imaginaries that allow us to live well with the dead not because we give respect, but because death itself has been rethought. Read More

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Epidemiology of mental health problems in COVID-19: a review.

F1000Res 2020 23;9:636. Epub 2020 Jun 23.

Texas A&M School of Public Health, College Station, TX, 77843, USA.

The novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has become a pandemic affecting health and wellbeing globally. In addition to the physical health, economic, and social implications, the psychological impacts of this pandemic are increasingly being reported in the scientific literature. This narrative review reflected on scholarly articles on the epidemiology of mental health problems in COVID-19. Read More

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October 2020

Multiscalar Temporality in Human Behaviour: A Case Study of Constraint Interdependence in Psychotherapy.

Front Psychol 2020 20;11:1685. Epub 2020 Aug 20.

Centre for Human Interactivity, Department of Language and Communication, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark.

Ecological psychology (EP) and the enactive approach (EA) may benefit from a more focused view of lived temporality and the underlying temporal multiscalar nature of human living. We propose multiscalar temporality (MT) as a framework that complements EP and EA, and moves beyond their current conceptualisation of timescales and inter-scale relationships in organism-environment dynamical systems. MT brings into focus the wide ranging and meshwork-like interdependencies at play in human living and the questions concerning how agents are intimately entangled in such meshworks, utilising them as resources for skilful living. Read More

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The politics of staying behind the frontline of coronavirus.

Authors:
Stephanie Davies

Wellcome Open Res 2020 2;5:131. Epub 2020 Sep 2.

Department of Psychosocial Studies, Birkbeck University of London, London, WC1B 5DT, UK.

Intended as a contribution to the  project Collection in response to COVID-19, this short theoretical paper views the coronavirus crisis in terms of its unpredictable effects on the interior life of the National Health Service (NHS) workforce. Written immediately following the suspension (due to the pandemic) of an ethnographic investigation of waiting in a general practice in London, it tracks the first signs that working definitions of time would struggle to survive the onset of a temporality of acute crisis in the NHS. The paper considers what it might mean for healthcare practitioners at this particular moment in the NHS's history to be living through an experience of 'the ordinary' breaking down. Read More

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September 2020

The impact of DSM classification changes on the prevalence of alcohol use disorder and 'diagnostic orphans' in Lebanese college youth: Implications for epidemiological research, health practice, and policy.

PLoS One 2020 5;15(6):e0233657. Epub 2020 Jun 5.

Department of Community and Behavioral Health, College of Public Health, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa, United States of America.

Background: Studies comparing prevalence of alcohol use disorder (AUD) using DSM-IV and DSM-5 diagnostic criteria in college students are limited. This study examines changes in AUD prevalence estimates using DSM-IV versus DSM-5 and characterizes the profile of DSM-5 "diagnostic orphans."

Methods And Findings: A college student sample (n = 1,155; mean age: 21 ±1. Read More

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An ethnic interpretation of mental distress from the perspective of Tongan men and community leaders.

Int J Ment Health Nurs 2020 Oct 14;29(5):953-961. Epub 2020 May 14.

Department of Nursing, School of Clinical Sciences, Auckland University of Technology, Auckland, New Zealand.

Tongan people living in New Zealand have a high prevalence of mental illness and low uptake of mental health services. Rates of mental illnesses also differ between those born in Tonga and those born in New Zealand. However, little is known about the personalized and culturally shaped meaning and experience of mental distress in this population. Read More

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October 2020

Sustaining hope: A narrative inquiry into the experiences of hope for nurses who work alongside people living with HIV in Ghana.

Nurs Open 2020 05 10;7(3):879-886. Epub 2020 Mar 10.

Faculty of Education University of Alberta Edmonton AB Canada.

Aim: In this research, we explored how nurses working in HIV care in Ghana live and work with hope.

Background: Nurses who work with people living with HIV have concerns about their well-being and quality of life. They also complain of stress-related workload due to high nurse-patient ratio. Read More

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Addressing Internalized Weight Bias and Changing Damaged Social Identities for People Living With Obesity.

Front Psychol 2019 26;10:1409. Epub 2019 Jun 26.

Obesity Canada, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada.

Obesity is a stigmatized disease due to pervasive personal, professional, institutional, and cultural weight bias. Individuals with obesity experience weight bias across their lifespan and settings, which can affect their life chances and significantly impact health and social outcomes. The objectives of this study were to: (a) explore weight bias and stigma experiences of people living with obesity; (b) develop counterstories that can reduce weight bias and stigma; and (c) reflect on current obesity master narratives and identify opportunities for personal, professional, and social change. Read More

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How and why the brain evolves time.

Authors:
P A Hancock

Behav Brain Res 2020 01 2;377:112071. Epub 2019 Jul 2.

Department of Psychology, and Institute for Simulation and Training, University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL 32816-1389, USA. Electronic address:

The present work evaluates the proposition that the dimension of time is iatrogenically created. That is, time is a property that necessarily emerges alongside the genesis of living systems. Humans, as the most complex known expression of such living creatures, exhibit the most intricate and sophisticated incarnation of this fabricated temporality. Read More

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January 2020

Duration and Quality of Sleep and Risk of Physical Function Impairment and Disability in Older Adults: Results from the ENRICA and ELSA Cohorts.

Aging Dis 2019 Jun 1;10(3):557-569. Epub 2019 Jun 1.

2Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, School of Medicine, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid/IdiPaz, Spain.

Sleep duration and quality have been associated with poor physical function, but both the temporality of the association and the independence of sleep duration and quality are unclear. We examined the prospective association of sleep duration and quality with physical function impairment and disability in older adults. Data were taken from participants in the Seniors-ENRICA (2012-2015, n= 1,773) and in the ELSA cohort (waves 4 and 6, n=4,885) aged ≥60 years. Read More

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Goals for living with a chronic condition: The relevance of temporalities, dispositions, and resources.

Soc Sci Med 2019 07 24;233:13-20. Epub 2019 May 24.

Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Sydney, Australia.

Introduction: Premised on the idea that setting goals motivates action and allocation of resources toward a desired future state, goal-setting has become a key component of self-management support. The notions that underpin goal-setting situate self-management firmly within the control and responsibility of individuals. Yet, we argue that goals are not solely individual pursuits to be achieved if individuals have the right knowledge and enough motivation; rather, they are social products, influenced by individual and collective subjectivities, which are structured over time. Read More

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Discovering deviance: The visibility mechanisms through which one becomes a person with dementia in interaction.

J Aging Stud 2019 Mar 24;48:33-39. Epub 2018 Dec 24.

Institute of Gerontology, Department of Global Health & Social Medicine, King's College London, Bush House (NE) 3.12, Strand Campus, 30, Aldwych, London WC2B 4BG, UK. Electronic address:

Objectives: This paper explores the emergence of dementia within interpersonal interactions as a matter of deviance and visibility. The sociology of deviance suggests that we rely on assumptions of normal behaviour to help us develop interpretations of other people when interacting with them. When a person acts within expectation, we deem them normal. Read More

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Experiences of integrated care: reflections on tensions of size, scale and perspective between ethnography and evaluation.

Authors:
Gemma Hughes

Anthropol Med 2019 Apr 4;26(1):33-47. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

a Nuffield Department of Primary Care Health Sciences , University of Oxford , Oxford , UK.

An in-depth case study of integrated health and social care provides the empirical basis for this exploration of tensions between ethnography and evaluation. The case study, developed from a two year period of fieldwork, is based on ethnographic data of individuals' experiences of living with multiple long-term conditions, their experiences of integrated care, and integrated care commissioning practices. Narrative and phenomenological analysis show how temporal aspects of ethnographic fieldwork contribute to producing knowledge of patients' experiences. Read More

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Temporal Aspects of Wellbeing in Later Life: Gardening among Older African Americans in Detroit.

Ageing Soc 2019 18;2019:1-21. Epub 2019 Jul 18.

Netherlands Interdisciplinary Demographic Institute, P.O. Box 11650, NL-2502 AR The Hague, The Netherlands.

Gardening has well-established physical, social, and emotional benefits for older adults in varied circumstances. In Detroit, Michigan (United States of America), as in many cities, policymakers, funders, researchers, community organizations, and residents regard gardening as a means of transforming bodies, persons, communities, cities, and broader polities. We draw on ethnographic research conducted during one gardening season with 27 older African Americans in Detroit to foreground the social dimensions of wellbeing in later life and thus develop a more robust and nuanced understanding of gardening's benefits for older adults. Read More

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Control-coping goodness-of-fit and chronic illness: a systematic review of the literature.

Health Psychol Rev 2019 06 27;13(2):137-162. Epub 2018 Dec 27.

a Department of Psychological Sciences , University of Connecticut , Storrs , CT , USA.

Chronic illnesses such as cancer, diabetes, and chronic pain often create intense and pervasive stress. Although much research has focused on the importance of coping in managing chronic illness, the importance of controllability appraisals in determining the efficacy of various coping strategies (i.e. Read More

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'Third Age' under neoliberalism: From risky subjects to human capital.

Authors:
Shir Shimoni

J Aging Stud 2018 Dec 29;47:39-48. Epub 2018 Oct 29.

Department of Culture, Media and Creative Industries, King's College London, Strand, WC2R 2LS London, UK. Electronic address:

In this paper, I trace the discursive evolution of the phrase 'Third Age.' Focusing on its increasing appearances in lifestyle articles within popular Anglo-American print media during the past three decades, I argue that 'Third Age' operates as a category of neoliberal governance. More specifically, through the analysis of 'Third Age' I uncover a shift in the kind of subjectivity ageing subjects are called upon to cultivate-from subjects imbued with risk for themselves and for society to savvy entrepreneurs who take risks and diligently maximize their self-worth. Read More

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December 2018

Forecasting and foreclosing futures: The temporal dissonance of advance care directives.

Authors:
Tanya Zivkovic

Soc Sci Med 2018 10 29;215:16-22. Epub 2018 Aug 29.

Department of Sociology, Criminology and Gender Studies, School of Social Sciences, Napier Building, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, 5005, Australia. Electronic address:

Advance care directives situate persons as rational and self-determining actors who can make anticipatory plans about their futures. This paper critically examines how people interpret individual and future-oriented approaches to medical decision-making with limited access to information and knowledge, and reduced opportunities to prepare and document their care preferences. Based on ethnographic research with Asian migrant families living in Adelaide, South Australia (August 2015-July 2018), it reveals a discord between planning for a finite future and the contingencies and continuities of social life. Read More

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October 2018

Social construction of the experience of living with chronic kidney disease.

Rev Lat Am Enfermagem 2018 Aug 9;26:e3028. Epub 2018 Aug 9.

PhD, Full Professor, Departamento de Enfermería, Universidad de Alicante, Alicante, Spain.

Objective: To understand the experience of people living with Chronic Kidney Disease who have been transplanted, from the meanings constructed based on the experienced phenomenon.

Method: Hermeneutic-phenomenological study based on the five lifeworld existentials, according to Van Manen's theoretical framework. Eleven transplanted patients participated in the study and data collection was carried out through semi-structured interviews, after approval of the study by the Ethics Committee of the University of Antioquia. Read More

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Associations Between Kidney Disease Measures and Regional Pulse Wave Velocity in a Large Community-Based Cohort: The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study.

Am J Kidney Dis 2018 11 12;72(5):682-690. Epub 2018 Jul 12.

Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD; Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology and Clinical Research, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD. Electronic address:

Rationale & Objective: Arterial stiffness is suggested as a mediator of cardiorenal interaction. However, previous studies reported inconsistent associations between chronic kidney disease (CKD) and arterial stiffness and were limited by using either estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) or albumin-creatinine ratio (ACR) and examining arterial stiffness at limited segments.

Study Design: Cross-sectional. Read More

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November 2018

[An Ethnography on the Healthy Life of the Aged Women Participating the Senior Centers].

J Korean Acad Nurs 2018 Jun;48(3):349-361

Department of Nursing · Institute of Health Science, Inje University, Busan, Korea.

Purpose: This ethnography was performed to explore patterns and meanings of healthy life among aged women using senior centers.

Methods: The informants were 21 individuals aged 65 years and older at 2 community-based senior centers. Data were collected from iterative fieldwork through in-depth interviews and participant observations and analyzed using text analysis and taxonomic methods developed by Spradley. Read More

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Living the metrics: Self-tracking and situated objectivity.

Digit Health 2017 Jan-Dec;3:2055207617712590. Epub 2017 Jun 8.

Consumer Society Research Centre, University of Helsinki, Finland.

This paper evaluates self-tracking practices in connection with ideas of objectivity via exploration of confrontations with personal data, particularly with reference to physiological stress and recovery measurements. The discussion departs from the notion of 'mechanical objectivity', seeking to obtain evidence that is 'uncontaminated by interpretation'. The framework of mechanical objectivity tends, however, to fall short when people translate physiological measurements to fit their expectations and everyday experiences. Read More

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The association between valence of social media experiences and depressive symptoms.

Depress Anxiety 2018 08 6;35(8):784-794. Epub 2018 Jun 6.

Center for Research on Media, Technology, and Health, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.

Background: Social media (SM) may confer emotional benefits via connection with others. However, epidemiologic studies suggest that overall SM is paradoxically associated with increased depressive symptoms. To better understand these findings, we examined the association between positive and negative experiences on SM and depressive symptoms. Read More

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