8,087 results match your criteria temporal arteries

[An update on giant cell arteritis].

Rev Med Chil 2020 Nov;148(11):1619-1629

Departamento de Radiología, Clínica Las Condes, Santiago, Chile.

Giant cell arteritis (GCA) is a primary granulomatous systemic vasculitis involving the aorta and its main branches that affects people aged over 50 years with a genetic predisposition. Its main phenotypes are cranial and extracranial involvement, with or without symptoms of polymyalgia rheumatica. These phenotypes can overlap. Read More

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November 2020

[Lower limb ischemia in giant cell arteritis. Report of one case].

Rev Med Chil 2020 Oct;148(10):1513-1517

Departamento de Cirugía Vascular y Endovascular, Escuela de Medicina, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, Chile.

Giant cell arteritis is more common in women older than 60 years, is associated with systemic inflammation symptoms and mainly involves the aortic arch and cranial arteries, specially the temporal artery. Symptomatic lower extremity arterial stenosis or occlusion is uncommon and can lead to limb loss. We report a 73-year-old woman presenting with a one-month history of lower extremity intermittent claudication of sudden onset. Read More

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October 2020

Surgical Management of Cirsoid Aneurysms of The Scalp: Ten-years' experience.

World Neurosurg 2021 Apr 2. Epub 2021 Apr 2.

Department of vascular and endovascular Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura University, Egypt. Electronic address:

Objective: Cirsoid aneurysms are rare arterio-venous malformations of the scalp that present with disfigured pulsatile masses and may be associated with headache, bleeding or tinnitus. These lesions are difficult to manage because of their complex vascular anatomy, high shunt flow and cosmetic disfigurement, many options have been described to treat such lesions. We figure out 10 years' experience in the surgical management of cirsoid aneurysms of the scalp. Read More

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Cervical duplex ultrasound for the diagnosis of giant cell arteritis with vertebral artery involvement.

J Neuroimaging 2021 Apr 5. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

Second Department of Neurology, National & Kapodistiran University of Athens, School of Medicine, "Attikon" University Hospital, Athens, Greece.

Giant cell arteritis (GCA) is a systemic inflammatory arteriopathy of medium and large-sized arteries, predominantly affecting branches of the external carotid artery. Ischemic stroke has been reported in 2.8-7% of patients diagnosed with GCA. Read More

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An immunohistochemical analysis of fibroblasts in giant cell arteritis.

Ann Diagn Pathol 2021 Mar 1;52:151728. Epub 2021 Mar 1.

Department of Internal Medicine, Dupuytren Hospital, Limoges, France; EA3842-CaPTuR, Contrôle de l'Activation Cellulaire, Progression Tumorale et Résistance thérapeutique, Faculty of Medicine, Limoges, France.

Background: Giant cell arteritis (GCA) is a systemic vasculitis of large and medium vessels characterized by an inflammatory arterial infiltrate. GCA begins in the adventitia and leads to vascular remodeling by promoting proliferation of myofibroblasts in the intima. The morphology of the fibroblasts in the adventitia in GCA is unclear. Read More

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Optic Neuropathy with Headache and Palpable Temporal Arteries Due to Hypertrophic Pachymeningitis Rather than Giant Cell Arteritis.

Ocul Immunol Inflamm 2021 Apr 1:1-4. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Science, Kochi Medical School, Kochi University, Nankoku City, Kochi, Japan.

: To report a case of optic neuropathy diagnosed by color Doppler ultrasonography and Gadolinium-enhanced cerebral magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).: A 79-year-old woman presented with headache and vision loss in her left eye. Although her bilateral temporal arteries were palpable and rope-like, color Doppler ultrasonography showed normal flow in both arteries with no signs of arteritis. Read More

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Infrared Thermally Enhanced 3-Dimensional Time of Flight Magnetic Resonance Angiography Imaging for the Visualization of the Arteries of the Face.

Aesthet Surg J Open Forum 2020 Jun 11;2(2):ojaa020. Epub 2020 May 11.

Department of Radiology, AZ Sint-Maarten, Mechelen, Belgium.

Background: The face is known for its extreme variation in vascular anatomy. Furthermore, the rapidly increasing number of filler treatments leads to an increase in severe filler-associated complications (such as skin necrosis and blindness) due to intra-arterial injection. Visualizing a patient's individual complete facial arterial anatomy in a contrast- and radiation-free way has not been published before. Read More

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A Review of the Dermatological Complications of Giant Cell Arteritis.

Clin Cosmet Investig Dermatol 2021 25;14:303-312. Epub 2021 Mar 25.

Department of Rheumatology, Research Group on Genetic Epidemiology and Atherosclerosis in Systemic Diseases and in Metabolic Bone Diseases of the Musculoskeletal System, IDIVAL, Hospital Universitario Marqués de Valdecilla, Santander, Spain.

Giant cell arteritis (GCA) is characterized by granulomatous inflammation of large and medium-sized vessels. It is the most common vasculitis among elderly people in Europe and North America. GCA usually presents with ischemic cranial manifestations such as headache, scalp tenderness, visual manifestations, and claudication of the tongue and jaw. Read More

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Functional Transcranial Doppler Ultrasound for Monitoring Cerebral Blood Flow.

J Vis Exp 2021 Mar 15(169). Epub 2021 Mar 15.

Department of Biological Systems Engineering, University of Nebraska-Lincoln;

Functional transcranial Doppler ultrasound (fTCD) is the use of transcranial Doppler ultrasound (TCD) to study neural activation occurring during stimuli such as physical movement, activation of tactile sensors in the skin, and viewing images. Neural activation is inferred from an increase in the cerebral blood flow velocity (CBFV) supplying the region of the brain involved in processing sensory input. For example, viewing bright light causes increased neural activity in the occipital lobe of the cerebral cortex, leading to increased blood flow in the posterior cerebral artery, which supplies the occipital lobe. Read More

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Variable Anatomy of the Middle Cerebral Artery from Its Origin to the Edge of the Sylvian Fissure: A Direct Fresh Brain Study.

ScientificWorldJournal 2021 9;2021:6652676. Epub 2021 Mar 9.

Department of Anatomy, University of Medicine 1, Yangon 11131, Myanmar.

The middle cerebral artery (MCA) is a major artery supplying blood to the brain and a common site of surgically treatable intracranial aneurysms. The MCA has anatomic variations that may have clinical significance. In order to investigate and document the extent of such variations, the MCA in 100 fresh brain hemispheres from 50 deceased patients, obtained from the Police Surgeon Office, Yangon General Hospital, Myanmar, was dissected and examined. Read More

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[Ischemic Stroke].

No Shinkei Geka 2021 Mar;49(2):244-251

Department of Neurology, Showa University Koto Toyosu Hospital.

Case: A patient with a history of chronic atrial fibrillation was diagnosed with sudden onset of right hemiparalysis in the hospital. The patient had been normal two hours prior and was referred to the cerebral vascular center. Images: Head CT images showed early ischemic changes in the left frontal lobe, insula, and temporal lobe(Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score[ASPECTS]: 6 points). Read More

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Associating the biomarkers of ocular blood flow with lamina cribrosa parameters in normotensive glaucoma suspects. Comparison to glaucoma patients and healthy controls.

PLoS One 2021 23;16(3):e0248851. Epub 2021 Mar 23.

Department of Biomedical Engineering, Faculty of Fundamental Problems of Technology, Wroclaw University of Science and Technology, Wroclaw, Poland.

Purpose: To evaluate association between ocular blood flow biomarkers and lamina cribrosa parameters in normotensive glaucoma suspects compared to glaucoma patients and healthy controls.

Methods: A total of 211 subjects (72 normotensive glaucoma suspects, 70 with primary open-angle glaucoma and 69 controls) were included. Ocular blood flow biomarkers in ophthalmic artery, central retinal artery, as well as in nasal and temporal short posterior ciliary arteries were measured using colour Doppler imaging. Read More

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Diffuse-Type Tenosynovial Giant Cell Tumor Arising in the Temporomandibular Joint Extending to the External Auditory Canal: A Case Report and Literature Review.

Ear Nose Throat J 2021 Mar 23:1455613211002954. Epub 2021 Mar 23.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Asahikawa Medical University, Japan.

A 74-year-old Japanese woman with a 1-year history of right preauricular pain and a 2-month history of bleeding from the right ear was admitted to our department. Tumor was observed in the anterior wall in the right external auditory canal. Bony swelling of the right preauricular area was palpated. Read More

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A 78-year-old female with severe tongue pain: benefit of modern ultrasound.

BMC Med Imaging 2021 Mar 20;21(1):55. Epub 2021 Mar 20.

Clinic of Internal Medicine III, Department of Oncology, Haematology, Rheumatology and Clinical Immunology, University Hospital Bonn, Venusberg-Campus 1, 53127, Bonn, Germany.

Background: Giant cell arteritis (GCA) is the most common form of systemic vasculitis in persons aged 50 years and older. Medium and large vessels, like the temporal and axillary arteries, are commonly affected. Typical symptoms are headache, scalp tenderness, jaw claudication and ophthalmological symptoms as loss of visual field, diplopia or amaurosis due to optic nerve ischemia. Read More

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Anatomic Variation of the Superficial Temporal Artery and Posterior Auricular Artery in a Pediatric Moyamoya Disease Population.

S Lee S-K Kim J H Phi

AJNR Am J Neuroradiol 2021 Mar 18. Epub 2021 Mar 18.

From the Division of Pediatric Neurosurgery, Seoul National University Children's Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea

Background And Purpose: In certain cases of pediatric patients with Moyamoya disease undergoing encephaloduroarteriosynangiosis (EDAS) treatment, the posterior auricular artery can be used as an alternative when the parietal branch of the superficial temporal artery is unavailable. In this study, anatomic variations of the superficial temporal and posterior auricular arteries in pediatric patients with Moyamoya disease and postoperative outcomes of posterior auricular artery-EDAS are explored.

Materials And Methods: Medical records of 572 patients with Moyamoya disease who underwent surgical procedures from 2007 to 2017 at the Seoul National University Children's Hospital were reviewed. Read More

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Potential link between SARS-CoV-2 and Kawasaki disease: importance of dentists for the diagnosis.

Braz Oral Res 2021 12;35:e047. Epub 2021 Mar 12.

Universidade Estadual de Campnas - Unicamp, School of Dentistry, Department of Oral Diagnosis, Piracicaba, SP, Brazil.

Kawasaki disease (KD) is a vasculitis with predilection for coronary arteries. Due to a lack of reliable confirmatory laboratory tests, the diagnosis of KD is based on a characteristic pattern of clinical findings that appear in a typical temporal sequence. The diagnostic criteria have been periodically modified and the American Heart Association has proposed the most recent guidelines for its diagnosis. Read More

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Comparison of choroidal thicknesses in patients with coronary artery disease and patients at risk of coronary artery disease.

Int Ophthalmol 2021 Mar 16. Epub 2021 Mar 16.

Department of Cardiology, Darıca Farabi Training and Research Hospital, Darıca, Kocaeli, Turkey.

Purpose: The study aimed to compare choroidal thicknesses (CTh) in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and patients at risk of coronary artery disease and investigate whether thinning of the choroid can be used as a biomarker for development of coronary artery disease in patients at risk.

Materials And Methods: The study group was composed of 103 eyes of 53 patients with coronary artery disease, and the control group was composed of 62 eyes of 32 patients with diabetes mellitus, hypertension and/or hyperlipidemia without coronary artery disease. CAD was diagnosed in patients with one of the following: myocardial infarction with/without ST segment elevation, clinically proven history of cardiac catheterization testifying greater than 50% obstruction in at least one coronary artery, revascularization operations. Read More

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The Immunopathology of Giant Cell Arteritis Across Disease Spectra.

Front Immunol 2021 25;12:623716. Epub 2021 Feb 25.

Division of Rheumatology, Inflammation, and Immunity, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, United States.

Giant cell arteritis (GCA) is a granulomatous systemic vasculitis of large- and medium-sized arteries that affects the elderly. In recent years, advances in diagnostic imaging have revealed a greater degree of large vessel involvement than previously recognized, distinguishing classical cranial- from large vessel (LV)- GCA. GCA often co-occurs with the poorly understood inflammatory arthritis/bursitis condition polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) and has overlapping features with other non-infectious granulomatous vasculitides that affect the aorta, namely Takayasu Arteritis (TAK) and the more recently described clinically isolated aortitis (CIA). Read More

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February 2021

Preoperative obliteration of choroidal arteries in the treatment of large hypervascular tumors in the lateral ventricle.

BMC Neurol 2021 Mar 12;21(1):113. Epub 2021 Mar 12.

Department of Neurosurgery, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine, ShogoinKawahara-cho, Sakyo-ku, 606-8507, Kyoto, Japan.

Background: Removal of large hypervascular tumors in the lateral ventricle still poses a surgical challenge. These tumors are usually fed from choroidal arteries, and vascular control is typically performed late during the removal. We aimed to evaluate the clinical efficacy of our strategy for persistent preoperative obliteration of feeders from the choroidal arteries to manage large hypervascular tumors in the lateral ventricle. Read More

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Carotid ultrasonography predicts collateral development following combined direct and indirect revascularization surgery in adult ischemic Moyamoya disease.

Clin Neurol Neurosurg 2021 Apr 3;203:106590. Epub 2021 Mar 3.

Department of Neurosurgery, Clinical Research Institute, National Hospital Organization Kyushu Medical Center, Fukuoka, Japan.

Objective: The relationship between carotid ultrasonographic parameters and postoperative collateral development in adult ischemic moyamoya disease (MMD) patients who received combined direct and indirect revascularization surgery remains unclear. Herein, we investigated the postoperative changes in carotid ultrasonographic parameters in patients with adult ischemic MMD.

Methods: We studied 28 adult ischemic MMD patients (31 hemispheres) who underwent combined revascularization surgery. Read More

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Temporal Artery and Temporal Region Supplied by the Middle Cerebral Artery: An Anatomical Study.

J Craniofac Surg 2021 Mar 5. Epub 2021 Mar 5.

Department of Neurosurgery, Karabuk University, School of Medicine, Karabuk Department of Neurosurgery, Yuksek Ihtisas University, School of Medicine Department of Anatomy Department of Neurosurgery Department of Biostatistics, Ankara University, School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

Abstract: This study was conducted to describe in detail the branching patterns of cortical branches from the middle cerebral artery supplying the feeding of the temporal region, to define the arterial structure of temporal artery (TA) and to determine the effect of this arterial supply to the temporal region. The arteries of brains (n = 22; 44 hemispheres) were prepared for dissection after filling them with colored latex. TA was defined, and its classification was described, specifying its relationship with other cortical branches. Read More

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Diagnostic Value of Multislice Spiral CT Cardiothoracic Combined with Angiography in Acute Chest Pain.

J Healthc Eng 2021 20;2021:5549971. Epub 2021 Feb 20.

Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan, Hubei 430071, China.

Acute chest pain is a common clinical emergency condition with a variety of causes, including acute coronary syndrome, pulmonary embolism, aortic coarctation, and pneumothorax. It is essential for emergency physicians to quickly and accurately understand the cause of acute chest pain. 64-slice spiral CT combined cardiothoracic angiography is an accurate and rapid way to diagnose and differentiate the cause of acute chest pain. Read More

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February 2021

Cerebrovascular Reactivity Mapping Using Resting-State BOLD Functional MRI in Healthy Adults and Patients with Moyamoya Disease.

Radiology 2021 Mar 9:203568. Epub 2021 Mar 9.

From the Departments of Radiology (P.L., G.L., Z.L., H.L.) and Neurosurgery (J.H.), Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 600 N Wolfe St, Park 324, Baltimore, MD 21287; Department of Radiology (M.C.P., B.G.W.), Advanced Imaging Research Center (M.C.P., B.P.T.), and Department of Neurologic Surgery (B.G.W.), UT Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Tex; and Center for Vital Longevity, University of Texas at Dallas, Dallas, Tex (M.R., D.C.P.).

Background Cerebrovascular reserve, the potential capacity of brain tissue to receive more blood flow when needed, is a desirable marker in evaluating ischemic risk. However, current measurement methods require acetazolamide injection or hypercapnia challenge, prompting a clinical need for resting-state (RS) blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) functional MRI data to measure cerebrovascular reactivity (CVR). Purpose To optimize and evaluate an RS CVR MRI technique and demonstrate its relationship to neurosurgical treatment. Read More

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Atrial fibrillation: villain or bystander in vascular brain injury.

Eur Heart J Suppl 2020 Nov 6;22(Suppl M):M51-M59. Epub 2020 Dec 6.

University Heart and Vascular Centre, Department of Cardiology, Hamburg, Germany; German Centre for Cardiovascular Research (DZHK e.V.), partner site Hamburg/Kiel/Lübeck, Hamburg, Germany.

Atrial fibrillation (AF) and stroke are inextricably connected, with classical Virchow pathophysiology explaining thromboembolism through blood stasis in the fibrillating left atrium. This conceptualization has been reinforced by the remarkable efficacy of oral anticoagulant (OAC) for stroke prevention in AF. A number of observations showing that the presence of AF is neither necessary nor sufficient for stroke, cast doubt on the causal role of AF as a villain in vascular brain injury (VBI). Read More

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November 2020

Associations among temporal and large artery abnormalities on vascular ultrasound in giant cell arteritis.

Scand J Rheumatol 2021 Mar 3:1-9. Epub 2021 Mar 3.

Harvard Medical Faculty, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.

: Giant cell arteritis (GCA) can manifest in cranial and/or extracranial arteries. We investigated the distribution of affected arteries on vascular ultrasound (VUS) among patients with new-onset or prior-onset GCA.: We retrospectively studied patients with either new-onset or prior-onset GCA and an abnormal VUS, from 2013 to 2017. Read More

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Three-Dimensional Computed Tomography Scanning of Temporal Vessels to Assess the Safety of Filler Injections.

Aesthet Surg J 2021 Feb 27. Epub 2021 Feb 27.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Guangdong Second Provincial General Hospital, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China.

Background: Temple filler injection is one of the most common minimally invasive cosmetic procedures involving the face; however, vascular complications are not uncommon.

Objectives: This study aimed to investigate the anatomy of the temporal vessels and provide a more accurate protocol for temple filler injection.

Methods: Computed tomography (CT) scans of 56 cadaveric heads injected with lead oxide were obtained. Read More

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February 2021

Temporal arteritis as an initial manifestation of eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis: a case report and a literature review.

Mod Rheumatol Case Rep 2021 Mar 15:1-7. Epub 2021 Mar 15.

Department of Rheumatology, Hiroshima City Hiroshima Citizens Hospital, Hiroshima, Japan.

A 79-year-old woman was admitted for suspected giant cell arteritis (GCA). She had suffered from dizziness, headache, jaw claudication and visual disturbance. Her medical history included bronchial asthma and parasinusitis. Read More

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