1,880 results match your criteria target downregulate

miR-221-3p and miR-222-3p regulate the SOCS3/STAT3 signaling pathway to downregulate the expression of NIS and reduce radiosensitivity in thyroid cancer.

Exp Ther Med 2021 Jun 19;21(6):652. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Department of Nuclear Medicine, Key Laboratory of Head and Neck Cancer Translational Research of Zhejiang Province, Cancer Hospital of the University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Zhejiang Cancer Hospital), Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310021, P.R. China.

The expression levels of microRNA (miR)-221-3p and miR-222-3p in thyroid cancer have been found to be upregulated compared with those in normal tissues. The present study aimed to determine the effects and potential underlying mechanisms of miR-221-3p and miR-222-3p on the regulation of radioactive iodine (I) uptake and radiosensitivity of thyroid cancer cells. The potential regulatory target genes of miR-221-3p and miR-222-3p were predicted by bioinformatics analysis, and reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction was used to verify miR-221-3p, miR-222-3p and target gene expression levels in thyroid cancer tissues and cell lines. Read More

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The roseoloviruses downregulate the protein tyrosine phosphatase PTPRC (CD45).

J Virol 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI

Like all herpesviruses, the roseoloviruses (HHV6A, -6B, and -7) establish lifelong infection within their host, requiring these viruses to evade host anti-viral responses. One common host-evasion strategy is the downregulation of host-encoded, surface-expressed glycoproteins. Roseoloviruses have been shown to evade the host immune response by downregulating NK-activating ligands, class I MHC, and the TCR/CD3 complex. Read More

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Nitric Oxide as a Target for Phytochemicals in Anti-Neuroinflammatory Prevention Therapy.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 Apr 30;22(9). Epub 2021 Apr 30.

College of Pharmacy, Gachon University, #191, Hambakmoero, Yeonsu-gu, Incheon 21936, Korea.

Nitric oxide (NO) is a neurotransmitter that mediates the activation and inhibition of inflammatory cascades. Even though physiological NO is required for defense against various pathogens, excessive NO can trigger inflammatory signaling and cell death through reactive nitrogen species-induced oxidative stress. Excessive NO production by activated microglial cells is specifically associated with neuroinflammatory and neurodegenerative conditions, such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, ischemia, hypoxia, multiple sclerosis, and other afflictions of the central nervous system (CNS). Read More

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An oncolytic adenovirus delivering TSLC1 inhibits Wnt signaling pathway and tumor growth in SMMC-7721 xenograft mice model.

Acta Biochim Biophys Sin (Shanghai) 2021 Apr 30. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Department of Pathology, Zhejiang Provincial People's Hospital, Hangzhou 311402, China.

Tumor suppressor in lung cancer-1 (TSLC1) was first identified as a tumor suppressor for lung cancer, and frequently downregulated in various types of cancers including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The Wnt pathway plays a critical role in tumorigenesis, migration, and invasion in HCC. However, the function of TSLC1 in modulating Wnt signaling in HCC is unclear. Read More

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The miR-124-3p/Neuropilin-1 Axis Contributes to the Proliferation and Metastasis of Triple-Negative Breast Cancer Cells and Co-Activates the TGF-β Pathway.

Front Oncol 2021 12;11:654672. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

The Hepatosplenic Surgery Center, The First Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin, China.

Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) accounts for 90% of breast cancer-associated mortality. Neuropilin-1 (NRP-1) acts as a non-tyrosine kinase receptor for several cellular signaling pathways involved in the proliferation and metastasis of cancer cells. However, the miRNAs that regulate NRP-1 expression and the underlying mechanisms in TNBC cells remain unclear. Read More

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Knockdown of SASS6 reduces growth of MDA‑MB‑231 triple‑negative breast cancer cells through arrest of the cell cycle at the G2/M phase.

Oncol Rep 2021 Jun 28;45(6). Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Department of Biochemistry and Immunology, Capital Institute of Pediatrics, Beijing 100020, P.R. China.

Spindle assembly abnormal protein 6 homolog (SASS6) is crucial for centriole duplication; however, the role of SASS6 in the proliferation of cancer cells remains unclear. In the present study, the expression and functional role of SASS6 in triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) was assessed. Immunohistochemical staining was performed using an anti‑SASS6 antibody in TNBC and normal tissues. Read More

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High-mobility group AT-hook 2 promotes growth and metastasis and is regulated by miR-204-5p in oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma.

Eur J Clin Invest 2021 Apr 26:e13563. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Department of Esophageal Cancer, Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital, Key Laboratory of Cancer Prevention and Therapy of Tianjin, Tianjin's Clinical Research Center for Cancer, National Clinical Research Center of Cancer, Tianjin, China.

Background: To investigate the expression of high-mobility group AT-hook 2 (HMGA2) and miR-204-5p in oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) and their biological roles in ESCC development and progression.

Methods: HMGA2 and miR-204-5p expression levels in ESCC tissues and cell lines were detected by qRT-PCR, Western blotting and immunohistochemical staining. ESCC cell lines were transfected with a small interfering RNA for HMGA2 and miR-204-5p mimic to downregulate and upregulate the expression levels of HMGA2 and miR-204-5p, respectively. Read More

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Electroacupuncture Alleviates Inflammation of Dry Eye Diseases by Regulating the 7nAChR/NF-B Signaling Pathway.

Oxid Med Cell Longev 2021 9;2021:6673610. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Ophthalmology Department of Traditional Chinese Medicine, The First Clinical Medical College, Nanjing University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Nanjing City, Jiangsu Province 210023, China.

Purpose: We tried to investigate whether electroacupuncture (EA) can reduce inflammation of dry eye disease (DED) by regulating 7nAChR and inhibiting the NF-B signaling pathway.

Methods: Healthy New Zealand white rabbits were treated with scopolamine hydrobromide (Scop) for 21 consecutive days to establish the DED animal model. After 21 days, EA, fluorometholone (Flu), and 7nAChR antagonist (-BGT) treatments were performed, and the Scop injection was continued until day 35. Read More

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Pro-angiogenic effect of exosomal microRNA-103a in mice with rheumatoid arthritis via the downregulation of hepatocyte nuclear factor 4 alpha and activation of the JAK/STAT3 signaling pathway.

J Biol Regul Homeost Agents 2021 Mar-Apr;35(2):629-640

Department of Rheumatology and Immunology, Tianjin Medical University General Hospital, Tianjin, P.R. China.

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is characterized by inflammation of the synovial membrane, accompanied by hyperplasia and neo-angiogenesis, which promote local inflammation. Macrophage-derived exosomes have been reported to enhance inflammation and the immune response. In the present study, we identified a novel exosomal microRNA (miR)-103a, which aids in the regulation of inflammation and angiogenesis in mice with RA, and attempted to identify the underlying mechanism. Read More

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Identification of a new TRAF6 inhibitor for the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma.

Int J Biol Macromol 2021 Apr 15;182:910-920. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Key Laboratory of Big Data Mining and Precision Drug Design of Guangdong Medical University, Key Laboratory for Research and Development of Natural Drugs of Guangdong Province, School of Pharmacy, Guangdong Medical University, Dongguan 523808, China; China-America Cancer Research Institute, Dongguan Key Laboratory of Epigenetics, Guangdong Medical University, Dongguan, Guangdong 523808, China; The Marine Medical Research Institute of Guangdong Zhanjiang, Zhanjiang, Guangdong, 524023, China; Southern Marine Science and Engineering Guangdong Laboratory (Zhanjiang), Zhanjiang, Guangdong, 524023, China. Electronic address:

Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptor-associated factor 6 (TRAF6) is an E3 ubiquitin ligase that plays a crucial role in signal transduction. Previous studies have demonstrated that TRAF6 is overexpressed in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and that TRAF6 knockdown dramatically attenuates tumor cell growth. Thus, TRAF6 may represent a potential therapeutic target for the treatment of HCC. Read More

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Loss of microRNA-147 function alleviates synovial inflammation through ZNF148 in rheumatoid and experimental arthritis.

Eur J Immunol 2021 Apr 17. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Institute of Molecular and Translational Medicine (IMTM), School of Basic Medical Sciences, Xi'an Jiaotong University Health Science Center, Xi'an, Shaanxi, P. R. China.

MicroRNA-147 (miR-147) had been previously found induced in synoviocytes by inflammatory stimuli derived from T cells in experimental arthritis. This study was designed to verify whether loss of its function might alleviate inflammatory events in joints of experimental and rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Dark Agouti (DA) rats were injected intradermally with pristane to induce arthritis, and rno-miR-147 antagomir was locally administrated into individual ankle compared with negative control or rno-miR-155-5p antagomir (potential positive control). Read More

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Reconditioning the Neurogenic Niche of Adult Non-human Primates by Antisense Oligonucleotide-Mediated Attenuation of TGFβ Signaling.

Neurotherapeutics 2021 Apr 15. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Department of Neurology, University Hospital Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany.

Adult neurogenesis is a target for brain rejuvenation as well as regeneration in aging and disease. Numerous approaches showed efficacy to elevate neurogenesis in rodents, yet translation into therapies has not been achieved. Here, we introduce a novel human TGFβ-RII (Transforming Growth Factor-Receptor Type II) specific LNA-antisense oligonucleotide ("locked nucleotide acid"-"NVP-13"), which reduces TGFβ-RII expression and downstream receptor signaling in human neuronal precursor cells (ReNcell CX® cells) in vitro. Read More

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circ-PSD3 promoted proliferation and invasion of papillary thyroid cancer cells via regulating the miR-7-5p/METTL7B axis.

J Recept Signal Transduct Res 2021 Apr 15:1-10. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Department of Nuclear Medicine, Yunnan Cancer Hospital & The Third Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University, Yunnan, Kunming, People's Republic of China.

Papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) is a common tumor malignancy of the endocrine system worldwide. Recently, circular RNAs (circRNAs) have been reported to participate in diverse pathological processes, especially in tumorigenesis. However, the functional role and mechanism of circRNA pleckstrin and Sec7 domain containing 3 (circ-PSD3) in PTC are still unclear. Read More

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CHOP Increases TRIB3-Dependent miR-208 Expression to Potentiate Vascular Smooth Muscle Cell Proliferation and Migration by Downregulating TIMP3 in Atherosclerosis.

Cardiovasc Drugs Ther 2021 Apr 15. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Department of Physiology, College of Basic Medical Sciences, Jilin University, No. 126, Xinmin Street, Changchun, 130021, Jilin Province, People's Republic of China.

Background: C/EBP homologous protein (CHOP) has been identified as a suitable therapeutic target to combat atherosclerosis but the mechanism has not been fully studied. Here, we sought to define the role and underlying mechanism of CHOP in atherosclerosis.

Methods: Mouse models of atherosclerosis in ApoE mice were established by high-fat feeding, where miR-208 expression was determined. Read More

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Seed-mediated RNA interference of androgen signaling and survival networks induces cell death in prostate cancer cells.

Mol Ther Nucleic Acids 2021 Jun 5;24:337-351. Epub 2021 Mar 5.

Stephenson Cancer Center, 800 NE 10th Street, Oklahoma City, OK 73104, Oklahoma City, OK, USA.

Resistance to anti-androgen therapy in prostate cancer (PCa) is often driven by genetic and epigenetic aberrations in the androgen receptor (AR) and coregulators that maintain androgen signaling activity. We show that specific small RNAs downregulate expression of multiple essential and androgen receptor-coregulatory genes, leading to potent androgen signaling inhibition and PCa cell death. Expression of different short hairpin/small interfering RNAs (sh-/siRNAs) designed to target preferentially reduce viability of PCa but not benign cells, and growth of murine xenografts. Read More

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Development of multiplexing gene silencing system using conditionally induced polycistronic synthetic antisense RNAs in Escherichia coli.

Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2021 Jun 9;556:163-170. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Department of Human Nutrition, Faculty of Contemporary Life Science, Chugokugakuen University, Okayama, Japan. Electronic address:

Although efficient methods of gene silencing have been established in eukaryotes, many different techniques are still used in bacteria due to the lack of a standardized tool. Here, we developed a convenient and efficient method to downregulate the expression of a specific gene using ∼140 nucleotide RNA with a 24-nucleotide antisense region from an arabinose-inducible expression plasmid by taking Escherichia coli lacZ and phoA genes encoding β-galactosidase and alkaline phosphatase, respectively, as target genes to evaluate the model. We examined the antisense RNA (asRNA) design, including targeting position, uORF stability elements at the 5'-end, and Hfq-binding module at the 3'-end, and inducer amount required to obtain effective experimental conditions for gene silencing. Read More

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Proteomic Characterization, Biodistribution, and Functional Studies of Immune-Therapeutic Exosomes: Implications for Inflammatory Lung Diseases.

Front Immunol 2021 25;12:636222. Epub 2021 Mar 25.

Department of Periodontics, Dental College of Georgia at Augusta University, Augusta, GA, United States.

Dendritic cell (DC)-derived exosomes (DC EXO), natural nanoparticles of endosomal origin, are under intense scrutiny in clinical trials for various inflammatory diseases. DC EXO are eobiotic, meaning they are well-tolerated by the host; moreover, they can be custom-tailored for immune-regulatory or -stimulatory functions, thus presenting attractive opportunities for immune therapy. Previously we documented the efficacy of immunoregulatory DCs EXO (regDCs EXO) as immunotherapy for inflammatory bone disease, in an model. Read More

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Inhibition of regulator of G protein signaling 10, aggravates rheumatoid arthritis progression by promoting NF-κB signaling pathway.

Mol Immunol 2021 Jun 6;134:236-246. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

The State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases & National Clinical Research Center for Oral Diseases, Department of Prosthodontics, West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University, Sichuan, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is the most common inflammatory arthropathy, with evidence pointing to an immune-mediated etiology that propagates chronic inflammation. Although targeted immune therapeutics and aggressive treatment strategies have substantially improved, a complete understanding of the associated pathological mechanisms of the disease remains elusive. This study aimed at investigating whether regulator of G protein signaling 10 (RGS10) could affect rheumatoid arthritis (RA) pathology by regulating the immune response. Read More

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Tumor suppressor role of hsa_circ_0035445 in gastric cancer.

J Clin Lab Anal 2021 Apr 8:e23727. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

The Affiliated People's Hospital, Ningbo University, Ningbo, China.

Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are closely related to the occurrence and development of cancers. However, the roles of circRNAs in gastric cancer are largely unknown. Total 104 pairs of gastric cancer tissues and non-cancer tissues, fasting plasma of 42 healthy people and 42 gastric cancer patients' one day before operation and 10 days after operation were collected. Read More

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GABAergic Mechanisms Can Redress the Tilted Balance between Excitation and Inhibition in Damaged Spinal Networks.

Mol Neurobiol 2021 Apr 7. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Neuroscience Department, International School for Advanced Studies (SISSA), Via Bonomea 265, 34136, Trieste, Italy.

Correct operation of neuronal networks depends on the interplay between synaptic excitation and inhibition processes leading to a dynamic state termed balanced network. In the spinal cord, balanced network activity is fundamental for the expression of locomotor patterns necessary for rhythmic activation of limb extensor and flexor muscles. After spinal cord lesion, paralysis ensues often followed by spasticity. Read More

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Silencing of HuR Inhibits Osteosarcoma Cell Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition AGO2 in Association With Long Non-Coding RNA XIST.

Front Oncol 2021 19;11:601982. Epub 2021 Mar 19.

Institute of Medical Research, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi'an, China.

Background: Osteosarcoma (OS) is a highly malignant and aggressive bone tumor. This study was performed to explore the mechanisms of HuR (human antigen R) in the progression of OS.

Methods: HuR expression levels in OS tissues and cells were detected by immunohistochemistry and western blotting. Read More

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Exosomal miR-21-5p contributes to ovarian cancer progression by regulating CDK6.

Hum Cell 2021 Apr 3. Epub 2021 Apr 3.

Department of Gynecology Oncology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Bengbu Medical College, No. 287 Changhuai Road, Bengbu City, Anhui Province, 233000, People's Republic of China.

Ovarian cancer is a predominant gynecologic malignancy and correlated with high mortality and severe morbidity. Exosomal microRNAs (miRNAs) play crucial roles in various processes during the progression of ovarian cancer, such as cell proliferation, apoptosis, and invasion. However, the function of exosomal miR-21-5p in ovarian cancer is still unknown. Read More

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inquest reveals the efficacy of Cannabis in the treatment of post-Covid-19 related neurodegeneration.

J Biomol Struct Dyn 2021 Apr 2:1-10. Epub 2021 Apr 2.

Bioinformatics Facility, Department of Botany, University of North Bengal, Siliguri, India.

Coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2), the causative agent of the Covid-19 pandemic has proved itself as the deadliest pathogen. A major portion of the population has become susceptible to this strain. Scientists are pushing their limits to formulate a vaccine against Covid-19 with the least side effects. Read More

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Long Noncoding RNA GAS5 Accelerates Cholangiocarcinoma Progression by Regulating hsa-miR-1297.

Cancer Manag Res 2021 23;13:2745-2753. Epub 2021 Mar 23.

Department of Oncology, The Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Henan Cancer Hospital, Zhengzhou, 450008, Henan, People's Republic of China.

Background: Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been reported as important molecules in cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) occurrence and development. A previous study showed that lncRNA GAS5 (GAS5) was an oncogene in some tumors. But the role of GAS5 in CCA progression reminds unclear. Read More

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miRNAs targeting CYP6ER1 and CarE1 are involved in nitenpyram resistance in Nilaparvata lugens.

Insect Sci 2021 Mar 29. Epub 2021 Mar 29.

Hubei Insect Resources Utilization and Sustainable Pest Management Key Laboratory, College of Plant Science and Technology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, China.

The evolution of nitenpyram resistance has been confirmed to be related to overexpression of two key metabolic enzyme genes, CYP6ER1 and CarE1, in Nilaparvata lugens, a highly destructive rice pest that causes substantial economic losses and has developed insecticide resistance. As microRNAs (miRNAs) are important post-transcriptional regulators of gene expression, whether they are involved in nitenpyram resistance is poorly understood in N. lugens. Read More

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Atractylenolide III predisposes miR-195-5p/FGFR1 signaling axis to exert tumor-suppressive functions in liver cancer.

J Food Biochem 2021 May 26;45(5):e13582. Epub 2021 Mar 26.

Department of Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Surgery, Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, Changsha, China.

Background: Antineoplastic activity of atractylenolide III (ATL) has been reported in several malignant tumors. However, its activity has not been completely clarified in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Herein, anticancer effects and underlying molecular mechanisms of ATL were investigated in HCC cells in vitro. Read More

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The effect of anti‑HLA class I antibodies on the immunological properties of human glomerular endothelial cells and their modification by mTOR inhibition or GCN2 kinase activation.

Mol Med Rep 2021 May 24;23(5). Epub 2021 Mar 24.

Department of Nephrology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Thessaly, Larissa 41110, Greece.

In antibody‑mediated rejection (ABMR), the graft endothelium is at the forefront of the kidney transplant against the assault from the recipient's humoral immune system, and is a target of the latter. The present study investigated the effect of antibodies against human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class I (anti‑HLAI) on the immunological properties of human glomerular endothelial cells. Additionally, the effect of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) complex 1 (mTORC1) inhibitor (everolimus), or the general control nonderepressible 2 kinase (GCN2K) activator (halofuginone) on anti‑HLAI antibody‑mediated alterations was assessed. Read More

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Inhibition of the Notch signaling pathway attenuates progression of cell motility, metastasis, and epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition-like phenomena induced by low concentrations of cisplatin in osteosarcoma.

Eur J Pharmacol 2021 May 21;899:174058. Epub 2021 Mar 21.

Department of Trauma Surgery, Wuhan No. 1 Hospital, Wuhan, 430022, Hubei, China.

Although advances in osteosarcoma treatment have been made in recent decades, the survival rate for patients suffering from metastatic disease, especially lung metastasis, remains disappointing. Previous studies have confirmed that epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is associated with tumor metastasis, and several studies have suggested that osteosarcoma cells also exhibit EMT-like characteristics. In addition, Notch signaling is known to be related to the development and progression of human malignancies, including osteosarcoma. Read More

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sMicroRNA-28-5p acts as a metastasis suppressor in gastric cancer by targeting Nrf2.

Exp Cell Res 2021 May 15;402(2):112553. Epub 2021 Mar 15.

Clinic Research Institute of Zhanjiang, Central People's Hospital of Zhanjiang, Guangdong Medical University Zhanjiang Central Hospital, Zhanjiang, 524045, PR China. Electronic address:

The transcription factor nuclear factor (erythroid-2)-related factor 2 (Nrf2) can principally serve a mode of protection for both the normal cells and cancer cells from cellular stress, and elevates cancer cell survival. microRNA-28 (miR-28) has been involved in the regulation of Nrf2 expression in breast epithelial cells. However, no comprehensive analysis has been conducted regarding the function of miR-28-5p regulating Nrf2 in gastric cancer (GC). Read More

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miR-206-G6PD axis regulates lipogenesis and cell growth in hepatocellular carcinoma cell.

Anticancer Drugs 2021 06;32(5):508-516

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Hainan Medical University, Haikou.

miR-206 plays an essential role in repressing the growth of multiple cancer cells. Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) is the rate-limiting enzyme of the pentose phosphate pathway. However, it is mostly unknown whether G6PD is associated with miR-206-mediated growth repression of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells. Read More

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