178,789 results match your criteria systematic reviews


Conceptual Framework for Incontinence-Associated Dermatitis Based on Scoping Review and Expert Consensus Process.

J Wound Ostomy Continence Nurs 2021 May-Jun 01;48(3):239-250

Manuel Rodríguez-Palma, PhD, MSN, RN, Nursing Home "José Matía Calvo," Cádiz, Spain; and Executive Member of Spanish Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel.

Incontinence-associated dermatitis (IAD) has been studied over the last decades, but gaps in the knowledge related to its identification, etiological agents, and risk factors remain. We carried out a scoping review about IAD that included systematic reviews, experimental, and observational studies about IAD and its potential risk factors. We retrieved 24 articles that described 100 potential risk factors and which were synthesized by the authors and proposed to a panel of experts. Read More

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The Use of Prophylactic Foam Dressings for Prevention of Hospital-Acquired Pressure Injuries: A Systematic Review.

J Wound Ostomy Continence Nurs 2021 May-Jun 01;48(3):211-218

Katherine Sillmon, ACNP, MSN, CCRN, The University of North Carolina at Charlotte.

Purpose: The purpose of this systematic review was to identify and evaluate the use of prophylactic foam dressings for prevention of hospital-acquired pressure injuries (HAPIs).

Methods: A systematic review was conducted in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items of Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis Statement (PRISMA).

Search Strategy: Four researchers independently conducted searches in Health Source, Cochrane of Systematic Reviews, CINAHL, and PubMed. Read More

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Association between Diabetes Mellitus and Contrast-Associated Acute Kidney Injury: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of 1.1 Million Contrast Exposure Patients.

Nephron 2021 May 5:1-11. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Cardiology, Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Coronary Heart Disease Prevention, Guangdong Cardiovascular Institute, Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital, Guangzhou, China.

Background: Although diabetes mellitus (DM) has been a common risk factor of contrast-associated acute kidney injury (CA-AKI) for a long time, several current studies showed that DM is not an independent risk factor. Due to this diverse finding, we aim to conduct a systematic review assessing the effect of DM on CA-AKI.

Methods: We searched Ovid Medline, Embase, and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (to June 1, 2020) for studies assessing the association between DM and CA-AKI. Read More

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Surveys in Surgical Education: A Systematic Review and Reporting Guideline.

Eur Surg Res 2021 May 5:1-7. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Surgery, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.

Objectives: Survey studies are a commonly used method for data collection in surgical education research. Nevertheless, studies investigating survey design and response rates in surgical education research are lacking. The aim of this study was to gain an insight into survey response rates among surgical residents and medical students, and provide an initial reporting guideline for future survey studies in this field. Read More

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Oral Desogestrel as Endometrial Preparation before Operative Hysteroscopy: A Systematic Review.

Gynecol Obstet Invest 2021 May 5:1-9. Epub 2021 May 5.

Obstetrics and Gynecology Unit, Department of General Surgery and Medical Surgical Specialties, University of Catania, Catania, Italy.

The pharmacologic preparation of the endometrium before hysteroscopy may be achieved with the use of various drugs. This systematic review aims to summarize the available evidence regarding the use of desogestrel for endometrial preparation before hysteroscopic procedures. A literature search for suitable articles published in English language from inception of the database until August 2019 was performed using the following databases: PubMed/MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, and Google Scholar. Read More

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Comparative Effectiveness of Fecal Immunochemical Tests versus Flexible Sigmoidoscopy for Colorectal Cancer Screening: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Clinical Trials.

J Gastrointestin Liver Dis 2021 May 3. Epub 2021 May 3.

John H Stroger, Jr. Hospital of Cook County, Chicago, Illinois; Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois, USA.

Background And Aims: Fecal immunochemical tests (FITs) and flexible sigmoidoscopies are commonly used modalities for colorectal cancer (CRC) screening. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to compare the effectiveness of FIT and sigmoidoscopy in CRC screening.

Methods: PRISMA statement and Cochrane guidelines were followed for this review. Read More

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Association of Functional Dyspepsia with Depression and Anxiety: A Systematic Review.

J Gastrointestin Liver Dis 2021 May 3. Epub 2021 May 3.

Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Atma Jaya Catholic University of Indonesia, Pluit Raya No. 2, North Jakarta 14440, Indonesia.

Background And Aims:  Functional dyspepsia (FD) symptoms may lead to depression or anxiety in affected individuals and vice versa. These individuals often have more serious somatic symptoms, longer disease recovery time, and tend to consume more medical resources and health care costs. Therefore, recognition of depression and anxiety is crucial to improve clinical outcome in FD patients. Read More

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Epidemiology and reporting characteristics of preclinical systematic reviews.

PLoS Biol 2021 May 5;19(5):e3001177. Epub 2021 May 5.

Clinical Epidemiology Program, Blueprint Translational Research Group, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.

In an effort to better utilize published evidence obtained from animal experiments, systematic reviews of preclinical studies are increasingly more common-along with the methods and tools to appraise them (e.g., SYstematic Review Center for Laboratory animal Experimentation [SYRCLE's] risk of bias tool). Read More

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Effectiveness and safety of acupoint application for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: A protocol for updated systematic review and meta-analysis.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 May;100(18):e25802

Affiliated Hospital of Liaoning University of Traditional Chinese Medicine.

Background: Acute exacerbation is a primary cause of repeated hospitalization and death in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients. Therefore, how to control the symptoms of COPD at stable stage and reduce the number of acute exacerbation is a hot spot of medical research. Acupoint application (AA) is a significant part of external treatment of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), Previous researches have reported that AA can be applied to the treatment of COPD. Read More

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Inhibition of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system prevents and cures atrial fibrillation: An overview of systematic reviews.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 May;100(18):e25559

Department of Cardiology, Xijing Hospital, The Air Force Military Medical University, Xi'an Shaanxi, China.

Abstract: Background: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a type of arrhythmia that represents a severe health hazard. The current therapies for AF have achieved success in some conditions. However, because the mechanisms underlying the occurrence and development of this disease remain unclear, the current treatment for AF often does not achieve the desired outcomes. Read More

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The safety and feasibility of comprehensive nutrition care in pregnant women with gestational diabetes mellitus: A protocol for systematic review and meta-analysis.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 May;100(18):e25505

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hubei Huanggang Central Hospital, Hubei Province, China.

Background: The argument on the efficacy of medical nutritional therapy and comprehensive nutritional care remains to be resolved. Therefore, we conducted this protocol of systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the efficacy between medical nutritional therapy and comprehensive nutritional care for patients with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM).

Methods: We followed the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses Protocols reporting guidelines and the recommendations of the Cochrane Collaboration to conduct this study. Read More

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Enhancing Public Health Systematic Reviews With Diagram Visualization.

Am J Public Health 2021 Jun;111(6):1029-1034

Anke Rohwer is with the Centre for Evidence-Based Health Care, Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch, South Africa. Melissa Taylor and Paul Garner are with the Department of Clinical Sciences, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, UK. Rebecca Ryan is with the Centre for Health Communication and Participation, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia. Sandy Oliver is with the Evidence for Policy and Practice Information and Co-ordinating Centre, Social Research Institute, University College London, London, UK, and the Africa Centre for Evidence, University of Johannesburg, Johannesburg, South Africa.

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A Systematic Review of Discrete Choice Experiments in Oncology Treatments.

Patient 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Evidera, The Ark, 2nd Floor, 201 Talgarth Road, London, W6 8BJ, UK.

Background: As the number and type of cancer treatments available rises and patients live with the consequences of their disease and treatments for longer, understanding preferences for cancer care can help inform decisions about optimal treatment development, access, and care provision. Discrete choice experiments (DCEs) are commonly used as a tool to elicit stakeholder preferences; however, their implementation in oncology may be challenging if burdensome trade-offs (e.g. Read More

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Comparison of long-term skeletal stability following maxillary advancement using rigid external distraction in growing and non-growing patients with cleft lip and palate: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Eur J Orthod 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, Armed Forces Medical College, Pune, India.

Objectives: To compare the long-term skeletal stability following maxillary advancement using Rigid External Distraction (RED) in growing and non-growing patients with Cleft Lip and Palate (CLP).

Methods: Data sources: A systematic literature search was performed according to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines from database inception till August 2020 in MEDLINE-PubMed, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), Science Direct, Google Scholar and a manual search in the institutional library. Study eligibility criteria, participants and intervention: All available literature published in English, with a minimum of six human subjects with well-defined age range either 7-14. Read More

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Transplant Trial Watch.

Transpl Int 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

University of Oxford Nuffield, Department of Surgical Sciences, Peter Morris Centre for Evidence in Transplantation, Oxford, UK.

To keep the transplantation community informed about recently published level 1 evidence in organ transplantation ESOT and the Centre for Evidence in Transplantation have developed the Transplant Trial Watch. The Transplant Trial Watch is a monthly overview of 10 new randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and systematic reviews. This page of Transplant International offers commentaries on methodological issues and clinical implications on two articles of particular interest from the CET Transplant Trial Watch monthly selection. Read More

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Inclusion of Additional Unintended Consequences in Economic Evaluation: A Systematic Review of Immunization and Tuberculosis Cost-Effectiveness Analyses.

Pharmacoecon Open 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Global Health, The Academic Medical Center (AMC), The University of Amsterdam, Meibergdreef 9, 1105 AZ, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Objective: Our objective was to review economic evaluations of immunization and tuberculosis to determine the extent to which additional unintended consequences were taken into account in the analysis and to describe the methodological approaches used to estimate these, where possible.

Methods: We sourced the vaccine economic evaluations from a previous systematic review by Nymark et al. (2009-2015) and searched PubMed/MEDLINE and Embase from 2015 to 2019 using the same search strategy. Read More

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The Effectiveness of Acupuncture on Headache Intensity and Frequency in Patients With Tension-Type Headache: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Cureus 2021 Apr 1;13(4):e14237. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Department of Physical Therapy, University Hospital, University of West Attica, Athens, GRC.

Introduction Headache disorders are one of the most common health problems. Tension-type headache (TTH) is the most prevalent type of primary headache in adults. Several conservative treatments have been used for the management of TTH, such as analgesics, acupuncture, manual therapy, spinal mobilization. Read More

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Structured physical therapy protocols following hip arthroscopy and their effect on patient-reported outcomes-a systematic review of the literature.

J Hip Preserv Surg 2020 Aug 18;7(3):357-377. Epub 2020 Dec 18.

American Hip Institute Research Foundation, Des Plaines, IL 60018, USA.

: The purpose of this study was to analyze the effect of structured physical therapy protocols on patient-reported outcomes (PROs) following hip arthroscopy. A literature search was completed in October 2019 according to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses guidelines to identify articles reporting specific rehabilitation protocols following hip arthroscopy that document PROs. Studies meeting all inclusion and exclusion were reviewed and data were extracted. Read More

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Efficacy of erythropoietin for wound healing: A systematic review of the literature.

Ann Med Surg (Lond) 2021 May 15;65:102287. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Unit for Social and Community Psychiatry, WHO Collaborating Centre for Mental Health Service Development, Queen Mary University of London, London, UK.

Objectives: To systematically review the available literature on the efficacy of erythropoietin for wound healing in human patients.

Design: The review was reported following Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis guidelines. A descriptive-analytical method was used to analyse and integrate review findings. Read More

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Evaluation of subclinical cardiac damage in biopsy-proven nonalcoholic fatty liver disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Ann Gastroenterol 2021 5;34(3):424-430. Epub 2021 Feb 5.

Department of Hygiene, Social & Preventive Medicine and Medical Statistics, School of Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki (Artemis Christina Oikonomidou, Ioannis Doundoulakis, Theodoros Dardavessis, Michail Chourdakis).

Background: Data on the association of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) with subclinical cardiac damage are scanty. We performed a systematic review to provide comprehensive information on subclinical cardiac alterations among NAFLD subjects.

Methods: PubMed and the Cochrane Library were searched to identify studies comparing subclinical cardiac damage between NAFLD and healthy adults. Read More

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February 2021

Prognostic value of PSA bounce in prostate cancer following definitive radiation therapy: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Prostate Cancer Prostatic Dis 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Urology, The Jikei University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

Background: The prognostic significance of PSA bounce following definitive radiation therapy remains controversial. To develop a sense of current opinion in this area, we performed a systematic search of the literature based on the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses.

Methods: In January 2021, we systematically searched PubMed, the Cochrane library, and Scopus for studies that compared patients who had localized prostate cancer with or without PSA bounce after definitive radiation therapy. Read More

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Predicting falls in community-dwelling older adults: a systematic review of prognostic models.

BMJ Open 2021 May 4;11(5):e044170. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Geriatric Medicine, Aalborg University Hospital, Aalborg, Denmark.

Objective: To systematically review and critically appraise prognostic models for falls in community-dwelling older adults.

Eligibility Criteria: Prospective cohort studies with any follow-up period. Studies had to develop or validate multifactorial prognostic models for falls in community-dwelling older adults (60+ years). Read More

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Functional connectivity changes in cerebral small vessel disease - a systematic review of the resting-state MRI literature.

BMC Med 2021 May 5;19(1):103. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Neurology, University Medical Centre Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany.

Background: Cerebral small vessel disease (CSVD) is a common neurological disease present in the ageing population that is associated with an increased risk of dementia and stroke. Damage to white matter tracts compromises the substrate for interneuronal connectivity. Analysing resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) can reveal dysfunctional patterns of brain connectivity and contribute to explaining the pathophysiology of clinical phenotypes in CSVD. Read More

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Systematic Review: The Gut Microbiome and Its Potential Clinical Application in Inflammatory Bowel Disease.

Microorganisms 2021 Apr 30;9(5). Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Hospital Universitario de La Princesa, Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria Princesa (IIS-IP), Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, 28006 Madrid, Spain.

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic relapsing-remitting systemic disease of the gastrointestinal tract. It is well established that the gut microbiome has a profound impact on IBD pathogenesis. Our aim was to systematically review the literature on the IBD gut microbiome and its usefulness to provide microbiome-based biomarkers. Read More

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Evaluation of the Quality of Perinatal Trials: Making the GRADE.

Neonatology 2021 May 4:1-6. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Child Health, Queen's University, Belfast, United Kingdom.

Background: Assessing the quality of clinical research is a key evidence-based practice skill. Clinicians, guideline producers, policy makers, service commissioners, and families need to have a sense of the validity, applicability, and certainty of research evidence when determining how it should inform their decision-making and practice.

Methods: We consider the various methodological and study design factors that contribute to the validity and applicability of clinical research findings. Read More

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Risk factors for COVID-19 among healthcare workers. A protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis.

PLoS One 2021 4;16(5):e0250958. Epub 2021 May 4.

ICAP at Columbia University, Harare, Zimbabwe.

Background: Evidence on the spectrum of risk factors for infection with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) among front-line healthcare workers (HCWs) has not been well-described. While several studies evaluating the risk factors associated with SARS-CoV-2 infection among patient-facing and non-patient-facing front-line HCWs have been reported since the outbreak of the coronavirus disease in 2019 (COVID-19), and several more are still underway. There is, therefore, an immediate need for an ongoing, rigorous systematic review that continuously assesses the risk factors of SARS-CoV-2 infection among front-line HCWs. Read More

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Vicarious Trauma Experienced by Health Care Providers Involved in Traumatic Childbirths: A Meta-Synthesis.

Trauma Violence Abuse 2021 May 4:15248380211013135. Epub 2021 May 4.

Alice Lee Centre for Nursing Studies, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, 37580National University of Singapore, Level 2, Clinical Research Centre, Singapore.

Health care providers are often "second victims" of traumatic childbirth events and should be adequately supported by their organizations to alleviate occupational stress and burnout. Therefore, this review aimed to explore and understand the vicarious traumatic childbirth experiences of health care providers, including obstetricians, midwives, nurses, and students. A systematic review of qualitative studies was conducted. Read More

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Machine Learning and Natural Language Processing in Mental Health: Systematic Review.

J Med Internet Res 2021 May 4;23(5):e15708. Epub 2021 May 4.

URCI Mental Health Department, Brest Medical University Hospital, Brest, France.

Background: Machine learning systems are part of the field of artificial intelligence that automatically learn models from data to make better decisions. Natural language processing (NLP), by using corpora and learning approaches, provides good performance in statistical tasks, such as text classification or sentiment mining.

Objective: The primary aim of this systematic review was to summarize and characterize, in methodological and technical terms, studies that used machine learning and NLP techniques for mental health. Read More

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Quality of work-life among young medical doctors in Poland.

Int J Occup Saf Ergon 2021 May 4:1-30. Epub 2021 May 4.

PhD, Institute of Public Affairs, Jagiellonian University, Krakow, Małopolska, Poland, ORCID: 0000-0003-2833-4945 (JM).

Human resource management is the most important function in the management of organisations and significantly affects the quality of work-life (QWL). Recently, the health sector started to be interested in QWL among doctors. The aim was to assess the QWL among Polish medical residents. Read More

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Diclofenac Versus Dexamethasone Following Strabismus Surgery: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

J Ocul Pharmacol Ther 2021 Apr 30. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Department of Pediatric Surgery, King Abdullah Specialist Children's Hospital, Ministry of National Guards, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

To compare outcomes of diclofenac versus dexamethasone in patients after strabismus surgery. A systematic review and meta-analysis were performed as per the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. A search was conducted on MEDLINE, EMBASE, EMCARE, CINAHL, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL). Read More

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