111,011 results match your criteria symptoms traumatic


Blunt Abdominopelvic Trauma Complicated by Traumatic Testicular Dislocation in a 19-Year-Old Male Patient: A Case Report.

JBJS Case Connect 2021 Jul 22;11(3). Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Urology Surgery, Puerto Rico Medical Center, University of Puerto Rico, Medical Sciences Campus, San Juan, Puerto Rico.

Case: A 19 year-old male patient presented with testicular dislocation after abdominopelvic trauma. During open reduction and internal fixation, consult to urology was placed after discovering the presence of the intra-abdominal testicle. The testicle was repositioned into the scrotum with orchiopexy, and pelvic fixation was completed with 1 sacroiliac percutaneous screw and pubic symphysis fixation. Read More

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The birth trauma psychological therapy service: An audit of outcomes.

Midwifery 2021 Jul 13;102:103099. Epub 2021 Jul 13.

Institute of Psychology, Health and Society, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom and Sheffield Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Sheffield, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

Objective: To evaluate routinely collected service data from a 'Birth Trauma' psychology clinic integrated into maternity services, in order to review effectiveness for women with symptoms of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) following childbirth.

Background: Prevalence of PTSD after child-birth has been estimated to be around 3% for women meeting full diagnostic criteria and up to 9% for sub-threshold symptoms. This can occur even in response to deliveries considered to be medically straightforward. Read More

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Patient Perspectives on Medical Trauma Related to Inflammatory Bowel Disease.

J Clin Psychol Med Settings 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, 676 N. Saint Clair Street, Suite 1400, Chicago, IL, 60611, USA.

Post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) in response to medical trauma are understudied in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Two studies identify surgery, hospitalizations, and disease severity as risk factors. We aimed to document IBD-related patient experiences and how these relate to PTSS via a qualitative study. Read More

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Non-Invasive Cervical Vagal Nerve Stimulation Alters Brain Activity During Traumatic Stress in Individuals with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder.

Psychosom Med 2021 Jul 21. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Department of Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta GA Department of Radiology and Imaging Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta GA Department of Medicine (Cardiology), Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA Atlanta VA Medical Center, Decatur, GA Department of Biostatistics and Bioinformatics, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta GA Wallace H. Coulter Department of Biomedical Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA.

Objective: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a disabling condition affecting a large segment of the population, however current treatment options have limitations. New interventions that target the neurobiological alterations underlying symptoms of PTSD could be highly beneficial. Transcutaneous cervical (neck) vagal nerve stimulation (tcVNS) has the potential to represent such an intervention. Read More

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An Exploration of Blood Marker-x-environment Interaction Effects on Pain Severity and Interference Scores in People with Acute Musculoskeletal Trauma.

Clin J Pain 2021 Jul 21. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Faculty of Health Sciences, Western University, Ontario, Canada Discipline of Physiotherapy, Faculty of Health Sciences, The University of Sydney, & the Northern Sydney Local Health District; The Kolling Research Institute, St. Leonards, NSW, Australia Neuroscience Research Australia, 136 Barker st, Randwick, NSW 2031, Australia.

Objectives: Explore the moderating effects of psychological or social variables on associations between biomarkers of inflammation/stress and clinical reports of pain.

Methods: This is a cross-sectional exploratory study. Data were drawn from the SYMBIOME longitudinal study (clinicaltrials. Read More

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Understanding Heart Rate Reactions to Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Among Veterans: A Naturalistic Study.

Hum Factors 2021 Jul 22:187208211034024. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

265514736 Texas A&M University, College Station, USA.

Objective: We collected naturalistic heart rate data from veterans diagnosed with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) to investigate the effects of various factors on heart rate.

Background: PTSD is prevalent among combat veterans in the United States. While a positive correlation between PTSD and heart rate has been documented, specific heart rate profiles during the onset of PTSD symptoms remain unknown. Read More

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Traumatic events, psychological symptoms, and aggression in male and female prisoners.

Psychol Trauma 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

School of Medicine.

Establish the relationship between the types of traumatic experiences, number of traumas, age at the time of traumatic events with psychopathological symptoms and aggression in an Ecuadorian prison. A cross-sectional study with 101 offenders from Ambato's Detention Center in Ecuador. Of the prisoners in this sample, 27 have PTSD. Read More

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Testing theoretical predictors of posttraumatic growth and posttraumatic stress symptoms.

Psychol Trauma 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

School of Psychology and Counselling.

Objective: The current study aimed to assess the new theoretical model of PTG, alongside a measure of posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) due to the ongoing distress that is often experienced by trauma survivors. The study examined the direct pathway to PTG and PTSS through previously identified predictors including core belief disruption, event centrality, and rumination, with the addition of self-disclosure as a predictor variable.

Method: Participants (N = 231) who had experienced a traumatic event were recruited through online forums and completed an anonymous survey. Read More

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Measurement and conceptualization of maternal PTSD following childbirth: Psychometric properties of the City Birth Trauma Scale-French Version (City BiTS-F).

Psychol Trauma 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Institute of Higher Education and Research in Healthcare.

Objective: The City Birth Trauma Scale (City BiTS) assesses posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms following childbirth (PTSD-FC). Recent studies investigating the latent factor structure of PTSD-FC in women reported mixed results. No validated French questionnaire exists to measure PTSD-FC symptoms. Read More

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Vulnerability and resilience among older South Korean Vietnam war veterans: A latent profile analysis.

Psychol Serv 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Psychology and Management.

Relatively little is known about South Korean Vietnam War veterans, despite their being the second largest contingent of troops during the Vietnam War. Earlier research found elevated levels (39%) of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in this older population, due to high exposure to combat and malevolent environments (Lee et al., 2020). Read More

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Communal mastery and associations with depressive and PTSD symptomatology among urban trauma-exposed women.

Cultur Divers Ethnic Minor Psychol 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

STAR: Stress, Anxiety & Resilience Consultants.

Racial and ethnic minority women from low-resource urban communities experience disproportionately high rates of trauma exposure. Higher rates of lifetime trauma exposure are strongly associated with subsequent psychological sequela, specifically depression and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Communal mastery is the ability to cope with challenges and achieve goals by being closely interconnected with friends, family, and significant others. Read More

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Shame as a Mediator in the Association Between Emotion Dysregulation and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptom Reductions Among Combat Veterans in a Residential Treatment Program.

J Trauma Stress 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Coatesville Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Coatesville, Pennsylvania, USA.

Emotion dysregulation (ED) can be defined as one's inability to effectively respond to and manage internal experiences and the expression of emotion. ED has been linked to the development and maintenance of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), with recent research suggesting that reductions in ED may predict improved treatment outcomes among both civilian and veteran populations. However, few studies have examined how changes in ED may predict treatment outcomes among veterans with PTSD and whether certain core features of PTSD, such as shame, may act as potential mediators in the association between ED and PTSD symptom reductions. Read More

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Videofluoroscopic Swallowing Study Findings Associated With Subsequent Pneumonia in Patients With Dysphagia Due to Frailty.

Front Med (Lausanne) 2021 5;8:690968. Epub 2021 Jul 5.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, College of Medicine, Yeungnam University, Daegu, South Korea.

Dysphagia in frailty or deconditioning without specific diagnosis that may cause dysphagia such as stroke, traumatic brain injury, or laryngeal pathology, has been reported in previous studies; however, little is known about which findings of the videofluoroscopic swallowing study (VFSS) are associated with subsequent pneumonia and how many patients actually develop subsequent pneumonia in this population. In this study, we followed 190 patients with dysphagia due to frailty or deconditioning without specific diagnosis that may cause dysphagia for 3 months after VFSS and analyzed VFSS findings for the risk of developing pneumonia. During the study period, the incidence of subsequent pneumonia was 24. Read More

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Somatic experiencing - effectiveness and key factors of a body-oriented trauma therapy: a scoping literature review.

Eur J Psychotraumatol 2021 12;12(1):1929023. Epub 2021 Jul 12.

Department for Differential Psychology, Personality Psychology and Psychological Diagnostics, University of Trier, Trier, Germany.

Background: The body-oriented therapeutic approach treats post-traumatic symptoms by changing the interoceptive and proprioceptive sensations associated with the traumatic experience. Filling a gap in the landscape of trauma treatments, has attracted growing interest in research and therapeutic practice, recently.

Objective: To date, there is no literature review of the effectiveness and key factors of . Read More

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As Time Goes by: Understanding Child and Family Factors Shaping Behavioral Outcomes After Traumatic Brain Injury.

Front Neurol 2021 5;12:687740. Epub 2021 Jul 5.

Department of Pediatrics, Division of Critical Care, School of Medicine, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, United States.

To model pre-injury child and family factors associated with the trajectory of internalizing and externalizing behavior problems across the first 3 years in children with pediatric traumatic brain injury (TBI) relative to children with orthopedic injuries (OI). Parent-reported emotional symptoms and conduct problems were expected to have unique and shared predictors. We hypothesized that TBI, female sex, greater pre-injury executive dysfunction, adjustment problems, lower income, and family dysfunction would be associated with less favorable outcomes. Read More

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Increased medial prefrontal cortical thickness and resilience to traumatic experiences in North Korean refugees.

Sci Rep 2021 Jul 21;11(1):14910. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Department of Psychiatry, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Samsung Medical Center, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Little is known regarding structural brain changes in traumatized refugees and the association with psychopathology. In the present study, the cortical thickness in North Korean refugees and the association with psychological symptoms were explored. North Korean refugees with lifetime post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD group, n = 27), trauma-exposed North Korean refugees without lifetime PTSD (trauma-exposed control (TEC) group, n = 23), and healthy South Korean controls without traumatic experiences (HC group, n = 51) completed questionnaires assessing depression, anxiety, somatization, and PTSD symptoms. Read More

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Traumatic Atlanto-Occipital Dislocation-A Comprehensive Analysis of All Case Series Found in the Spinal Trauma Literature.

Int J Spine Surg 2021 Jul 21. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Neurosurgery at Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Background: Traumatic atlanto-occipital dislocation (TAOD) is one of the most devastating traumatic injuries, generally associated with immediate death after high-energy trauma. The aim of this study was to perform a systematic literature review of all cases series of TAOD and present the current state of this entity.

Methods: A systematic literature review was performed according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. Read More

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The relationship between knee radiographs and the timing of physical therapy in individuals with patellofemoral pain.

PM R 2021 Jul 20. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Discipline of Physiotherapy, School of Health Sciences, The University of Newcastle, University Dr., Callaghan, NSW, Australia.

Background: Routine knee radiographs are discouraged for individuals with non-traumatic knee pain, but they are often still ordered despite limited evidence for their value in guiding treatment choices. Radiograph utilization may delay the use of physical therapy, which has been associated with improved outcomes and lower long-term costs.

Objective: To examine the relationship between obtaining knee radiographs for patients with patellofemoral pain (PFP) and the timing of physical therapy, and the association between ordering radiographs for patients who use physical therapy and the likelihood of knee pain recurrence. Read More

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Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms and Coping Motives are Independently Associated with Cannabis Craving Elicited by Trauma Cues.

J Trauma Stress 2021 Jul 19. Epub 2021 Jul 19.

Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.

Cannabis use is common among individuals with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), although its use can ultimately worsen PTSD outcomes. Cannabis-use coping motives may help explain the PTSD-cannabis relationship. Frequent pairing of trauma cues with substance use to cope with negative affect can lead to conditioned substance craving. Read More

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Articular cartilage thickness changes differ between males and females four years following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction.

J Orthop Res 2021 Jul 20. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Department of Rehabilitation and Movement Science, College of Nursing and Health Sciences, Univ of Vermont.

Anterior cruciate ligament injury and reconstruction (ACLR) affects articular cartilage thickness profiles about the tibial, femoral, and patellar surfaces; however, it's unclear whether the magnitudes of change in cartilage thickness, as well as the locations and areas over which these changes occur, differ between males and females. This is important to consider as differences exist between the sexes with regard to knee biomechanics, patellofemoral pain, and anatomic alignment, which influence risk of an index and repeated injury. Subjects underwent ACLR with a bone-patella tendon-bone autograft. Read More

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Optimal clamping time in meatotomy procedure for children with meatal stenosis: Experience with 120 cases.

Arch Ital Urol Androl 2021 Jun 29;93(2):244-247. Epub 2021 Jun 29.

Urology Research Center, Al-Thora General Hospital, Department of Urology, Ibb University of Medical Since, Ibb.

Objective: During meatotomy procedure for children with meatal stenosis (MS), a straight clamp used as a hemostat on the ventrum of the meatus before incised with scissors for clamping and holding bleeding from the site of operation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the optimum clamping time for meatotomy in children with MS.

Materials And Methods: All the patients with MS between 2014 to 2019 were enrolled in this retrospective study. Read More

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Is neuroticism really bad for you? Dynamics in personality and limbic reactivity prior to, during and following real-life combat stress.

Neurobiol Stress 2021 Nov 28;15:100361. Epub 2021 Jun 28.

School of Psychological Sciences, University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel.

The personality trait of neuroticism is considered a risk factor for stress vulnerability, putatively via its association with elevated limbic reactivity. Nevertheless, majority of evidence to date that relates neuroticism, neural reactivity and stress vulnerability stems from cross-sectional studies conducted in a "stress-free" environment. Here, using a unique prospective longitudinal design, we assessed personality, stress-related symptoms and neural reactivity at three time points over the course of four and a half years; accounting for prior to, during, and long-time following a stressful military service that included active combat. Read More

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November 2021

An unusual case of facial nerve palsy due to minor face trauma: A rare case report.

Authors:
Rajan Ghimire

SAGE Open Med Case Rep 2021 7;9:2050313X211031332. Epub 2021 Jul 7.

District Hospital, Terhathum, Nepal.

There can be various causes of facial palsy, and sometimes the cause remains unidentified (Bell's palsy). Among the various causes of facial palsy, trauma is a major one. Depending on the severity of paralysis, traumatic facial palsy can be medically managed using corticosteroid and eye care or with surgical decompression. Read More

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Optic nerve avulsion: Case report.

Ann Med Surg (Lond) 2021 Aug 8;68:102554. Epub 2021 Jul 8.

Farhat Hached University Hospital, Sousse, Tunisia.

Introduction: Optic nerve avulsion is a traumatic disinsertion of optic nerve fibres from the globe at the level of the lamina cribrosa. It is an uncommon and severe complication of blunt ocular trauma.

Case Presentation: We report the case of a 15 years old male presented to the emergency department after being kicked by a horse. Read More

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Exposure to Domestic Violence During the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Potent Threat to the Mental Well-being of Children.

Authors:
Woi Hon Boo

Malays J Med Sci 2021 Jun 30;28(3):158-159. Epub 2021 Jun 30.

Ampang Baru Community Clinic, Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia.

The unprecedented scale of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has indeed brought about tremendous ramifications on the state of mental health for children. One notable aspect deserving emphasis however, is the psychological impact in children as a result of the purported surge of domestic violence (DV) in many of the countries that imposed stay-at-home requirement. The imposition of movement restriction policy led to isolation and overcrowding, made worse by loss of income in some instances, causing high levels of stress and anxiety, thereby increasing the risk of DV and child abuse particularly those already living within violent or dysfunctional families. Read More

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Pediatric PTSD is characterized by age- and sex-related abnormalities in structural connectivity.

Neuropsychopharmacology 2021 Jul 20. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine & Public Health, Madison, USA.

Pediatric post-traumatic stress disorder (pPTSD) is a prevalent and pervasive form of mental illness comprising a disparate constellation of psychiatric symptoms. Emerging evidence suggests that pPTSD may be characterized by alterations in functional networks traversing the brain. Yet, little is known about pathological changes in the structural tracts underlying functional connectivity. Read More

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Post-traumatic stress symptoms in COVID-19 survivors: a self-report and brain imaging follow-up study.

Mol Psychiatry 2021 Jul 20. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

CAS Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology, Beijing, China.

Previous coronavirus pandemics were associated elevated post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), but the self-report and neurological basis of PTSS in patients who survived coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) are largely unknown. We conducted a two-session study to record PTSS in the COVID-19 survivors discharged from hospitals for a short (i.e. Read More

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Retracing the tracks for SIAD: hyponatraemia due to post-traumatic brain injury hypopituitarism.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Jul 20;14(7). Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Endocrinology & Diabetes, St Vincent's University Hospital, Dublin, Ireland.

Hyponatraemia is common in hospital practice, with the syndrome of inappropriate antidiuresis (SIAD) being the most common underlying aetiology. A relatively less frequent but important cause is adrenal insufficiency (AI). We describe the case of a 63-year-old man who presented with symptomatic hyponatraemia and hypoglycaemia associated with abnormal body movements (ballism). Read More

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Familial experience of acute bacterial meningitis in children: a transversal qualitative study using interpretative phenomenological analysis.

BMJ Open 2021 Jul 20;11(7):e047465. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

LPPS, EA4057, Université de Paris, Paris, France.

Objectives: To capture the subjective experience of close family ascendants of acute bacterial meningitis survivors and to explore how they give meaning to this specific experience.

Design: A qualitative study of indepth interviews using interpretative phenomenological analysis.

Primary Outcome: Main meaning-making processes of participants' experience. Read More

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