36,668 results match your criteria sustainable development

The inter-agency committee on radiation safety - 30 years of international coordination of radiation protection and safety matters.

J Radiol Prot 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

World Health Organization, Geneve, GE, SWITZERLAND.

The Inter-Agency Committee on Radiation Safety (IACRS) was constituted in 1990, as a forum for collaboration and coordination between international bodies with regards to radiation safety. It consists today of representatives of eight intergovernmental member organizations (EC, FAO, IAEA, ILO, OECD/NEA, PAHO, UNSCEAR and WHO) and five observer non-governmental organizations (ICRP, ICRU, IEC, IRPA and ISO). The IACRS provides a platform for interaction between these relevant international bodies to contribute to a common understanding of the scientific basis and legal framework for the application of the system of radiation protection, towards global harmonization of radiation safety standards. Read More

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A facile oxygen vacancy and bandgap control of Bi(OH)SO·HO for achieving enhanced photocatalytic remediation.

J Environ Manage 2021 Jun 12;294:113046. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Centre for Technology in Water and Wastewater (CTWW), School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Technology Sydney (UTS), Ultimo, NSW, 2007, Australia. Electronic address:

The development of highly efficient photocatalysts is crucial for the remediation of organic pollutants. Herein, we reported a facile synthesis of oxygen vacancy rich Bi(OH)SO·HO photocatalyst by the control of precursor. The samples were characterized by XRD, scanning electron microscope, electron paramagnetic resonance, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy etc. Read More

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The impact of weather and increased atmospheric CO from 1892 to 2016 on simulated yields of UK wheat.

J R Soc Interface 2021 Jun 16;18(179):20210250. Epub 2021 Jun 16.

Computational and Analytical Sciences, Rothamsted Research, Harpenden, Hertfordshire AL5 2JQ, UK.

Climate change effects on UK winter wheat grain yield are complex: warmer temperature, negative; greater carbon dioxide (CO) concentration, positive; but other environmental variables and their timing also affect yield. In the absence of long-term experiments where temperature and CO concentration were manipulated separately, we applied the crop simulation model Sirius with long-term daily meteorological data (1892-2016) for Rothamsted, Hertfordshire, UK (2007-2016 mean growing season temperature 1.03°C warmer than 1892-1991), and CO concentration over this period, to investigate the separate effects of historic CO and weather on simulated grain yield in three wheat cultivars of the modern era. Read More

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Role of amylopectin synthesis in and its implication in vaccine development against toxoplasmosis.

Open Biol 2021 Jun 16;11(6):200384. Epub 2021 Jun 16.

State Key Laboratory of Agricultural Microbiology, College of Veterinary Medicine, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, People's Republic of China.

is a ubiquitous pathogen infecting one-third of the global population. A significant fraction of toxoplasmosis cases is caused by reactivation of existing chronic infections. The encysted bradyzoites during chronic infection accumulate high levels of amylopectin that is barely present in fast-replicating tachyzoites. Read More

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Strengthening Pathology Capacity to Deliver Quality Cancer Care in Cities in LMICs.

JCO Glob Oncol 2021 Jun;7:917-924

American Society for Clinical Pathology, Chicago, IL.

Diagnostic pathology services for oncology health systems are essential; yet, surveys, observations, and hard data from across low- and middle-income countries have revealed that these services are almost always lacking adequate quality and often missing completely. The City Cancer Challenge Foundation (C/Can), the American Society for Clinical Pathology, and C/Can partner cities undertook intense analysis of their existing pathology services as part of a year-long assessment process including the specific formation of a pathology-focused team. Internal and external expert assessments identified sustainable solutions adapted to the local context and level of resources and created specific local implementation projects. Read More

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Anion Modulation of Pt-group Metals and Electrocatalysis Applications.

Chemistry 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Wuhan University of Technology, State Key Laboratory of Advanced Technology for Materials Synthesis and Processi, 122 Luoshi Road, State Lab, Wuhan Univsersity of Technology, 430070, Wuhan, CHINA.

The sustainable development orientation of de-fossil resources has stimulated a blossoming interest in the design of advanced electrocatalysts for clean energy conversion. The anion modulated strategy for Pt-group metals (PGMs) by means of anion engineering possesses high flexibility to regulate the electronic structure, providing a promising prospect for constructing electrocatalysts with superior activity and stability to satisfy the future green electrochemical energy conversion system. Based on the previous work of our group and others, in this review, we summarize the up-to-date progress on anion-modulated PGM compounds (such as RuP2, IrP2, PtP2, RuB2, Ru2B3, RuS2, etc. Read More

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Systems-level approaches for understanding and engineering of the oleaginous cell factory Yarrowia lipolytica.

Biotechnol Bioeng 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Department of Biology and Biological Engineering, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.

Concerns about climate change and the search for renewable energy sources together with the goal of attaining sustainable product manufacturing have boosted the use of microbial platforms to produce fuels and high-value chemicals. In this regard, Y. lipolytica has been known as a promising yeast with potentials in diverse array of biotechnological applications such as being a host for different oleochemicals, organic acid and recombinant protein production. Read More

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Facile fabrication and characterization of kenaf core as natural biochar for the highly efficient removal of selected endocrine-disrupting compounds.

Environ Geochem Health 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Institute of Advanced Technology, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia.

This study aims to formulate and fabricate the optimum condition of modified kenaf core (MKC) for the removal of targeted endocrine-disrupting compounds in a batch adsorption system. Kenaf core was chemically modified using phosphoric acid as an activating agent, which involved the pyrolysis step. Results indicated a significant difference (p < 0. Read More

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Cancer Registration in the Caribbean.

J Registry Manag 2020 ;47(3):161-169

The Caribbean region faces a growing burden due to cancer. Urgent action needs to be taken to monitor this disease and inform measures required for prevention and control. Cancer surveillance, supported by the implementation of population-based cancer registries (PBCRs), is an important component of cancer prevention and control strategies. Read More

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January 2020

Caffeine-Derived Noble Carbons as Ball Milling-Resistant Cathode Materials for Lithium-Ion Capacitors.

ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Colloid Chemistry Department, Max Planck Institute of Colloids and Interfaces, Am Mühlenberg 1, Potsdam 14476, Germany.

Energy consumption is a growing phenomenon in our society causing many negative effects such as global warming. There is a need for the development of new sustainable materials for energy storage. Carbons are materials derivable from biowaste that can rather easily store energy due to their high conductivity and surface area. Read More

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High levels of halogenated natural products in large pelagic fish from the Western Indian Ocean.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Institute of Food Chemistry (170b), University of Hohenheim, Garbenstraße 28, D-70599, Stuttgart, Germany.

Concentrations, profiles and muscle-liver distribution of halogenated natural products (HNPs) and anthropogenic persistent organic pollutants (POPs) were investigated in five large pelagic fish species and one smaller planktivore fish species from the Western Indian Ocean. Analysis of swordfish muscle from the Seychelles revealed the predominance of HNPs, with the highest concentrations found for 2'-methoxy-2,3',4,5'- tetraBDE (2'-MeO-BDE 68 or BC-2), 6-methoxy-2,2',4,4'- tetraBDE (6-MeO-BDE 47 or BC-3) and 2,3,3',4,4',5,5'-heptachloro-1'-methyl-1,2'-bipyrrole (Q1), along with varied contributions of further HNPs. The mean concentration of ∑HNPs (330 ng/g lw) was one or two orders of magnitude higher than ∑DDTs (60 ng/g lw) and ∑PCBs (6. Read More

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Dynamic characteristics and drivers of the regional household energy-carbon-water nexus in China.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Integrated Research for Energy, Environment and Society, Energy and Sustainability Research, Institute Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, 9747, AG, The Netherlands.

Being a node of the energy-water consumer and carbon dioxide (CO) emitter, the household is one key sector to pilot integrated energy-carbon-water (ECW) management. This study developed an integrated framework to explore China's provincial household ECW nexus as well as their drivers from the years 2000 through 2016. The absolute amount and growth rate of household energy use (HEU), household CO emissions (HCE), and household water use (HWU) were abstracted to reveal the dynamic characteristics of the household ECW nexus. Read More

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Towards sustainability path in Argentina: the role of finance, energy mix, and industrial value-added in low or high carbon emission-application of DARDL simulation.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Department of Economics, Adekunle Ajasin University Akungba, Akungba Akoko, Ondo State, Nigeria.

The interconnection between environmental protection and sustainable development is at the heart of discussion among all the intergovernmental agencies around the globe. Such discussion is considered highly important considering the role of finance, an abundance of fossil fuel and industrial value-added on economic activities and environmental issues. Meanwhile, few empirical studies in this line of discussions have documented policy options for projecting the path towards sustainable development in Argentina from 1971 to 2018. Read More

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RNAi of a Putative Grapevine Susceptibility Gene as a Possible Downy Mildew Control Strategy.

Front Plant Sci 2021 28;12:667319. Epub 2021 May 28.

Dipartimento di Scienze Agrarie ed Ambientali, Università degli Studi di Milano, Milan, Italy.

Downy mildew, caused by the oomycete , is one of the diseases causing the most severe economic losses to grapevine () production. To date, the application of fungicides is the most efficient method to control the pathogen and the implementation of novel and sustainable disease control methods is a major challenge. RNA interference (RNAi) represents a novel biotechnological tool with a great potential for controlling fungal pathogens. Read More

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Scientific Production on the Social Economy: A Review of Worldwide Research.

Voluntas 2021 Jun 9:1-19. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of Business and Economics, Applied Economic Area, University of Almeria, Almería, Spain.

The aim of this article is to assess the use of the term Social Economy, while being aware of its lack of concreteness, and to analyze the level of scientific production by means of a bibliometric analysis using WoS (JCR) and Scopus (SJR) as sources. Starting in 2004 and related to the Charter of Principles of the Social Economy, the material development of articles began. The most receptive countries are Spain, the USA, China, the UK and Canada. Read More

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Impacts of COVID-19 lockdown on NO and PM levels in major urban cities of Europe and USA.

Cities 2021 Jun 10:103308. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Wilmer Eye Institute, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 600N Wolfe Street, Baltimore, -21287, MD, United States of America.

SARS CoV-2 (COVID-19) coronavirus has been causing enormous suffering, death, and economic losses worldwide. There are rigorous containment measures on industries, non-essential business, transportation, and citizen mobility to check the spread. The lockdowns may have an advantageous impact on reducing the atmospheric pollutants. Read More

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Novel approaches to circumvent the devastating effects of pests on sugarcane.

Sci Rep 2021 Jun 14;11(1):12428. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Centre of Excellence in Molecular Biology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan.

Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.) is a cash crop grown commercially for its higher amounts of sucrose, stored within the mature internodes of the stem. Numerous studies have been done for the resistance development against biotic and abiotic stresses to save the sucrose yields. Read More

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A focused review on membrane contactors for the recovery of dissolved methane from anaerobic membrane bioreactor (AnMBR) effluents.

Chemosphere 2021 Sep 1;278:130448. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Membrane Innovation and Resource Recovery (MIRR), School of Environmental and Safety Engineering, Qingdao University of Science and Technology, 53 Zhengzhou Road, Qingdao, 266042, Shandong, China.

The need for a more sustainable wastewater treatment is more relevant now due to climate change. Production and reuse of methane from anaerobic treatment is one pathway. However, this is defeated by the presence of dissolved methane in the effluent and would be released to the environment, adding to the greenhouse gas emissions. Read More

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September 2021

Sustainable Pharmacy: Piloting a Session on Pharmaceuticals, Climate Change, and Sustainability within a U.S. Pharmacy Curriculum.

Innov Pharm 2017 12;8(4). Epub 2017 Oct 12.

Monash University Faculty of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences.

Objective: To design and assess an innovative session for pharmacy students that addresses the role of pharmaceuticals with climate change and sustainability.

Innovation: One hundred and sixteen third-year students at the University of California, San Francisco School of Pharmacy participated during their required Health Policy course. This 3-hour session included guided pre-course activities, an interactive lecture, a panel of healthcare professionals discussing complex decision-making and small group case-based learning. Read More

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October 2017

Vitrimers: directing chemical reactivity to control material properties.

Chem Sci 2020 Apr 16;11(19):4855-4870. Epub 2020 Apr 16.

Department of Organic and Macromolecular Chemistry, Polymer Chemistry Research Group, Center of Macromolecular Chemistry (CMaC), Faculty of Sciences, Ghent University Krijgslaan 281 (S4-bis) 9000 Ghent Belgium

The development of more sustainable materials with a prolonged useful lifetime is a key requirement for a transition towards a more circular economy. However, polymer materials that are long-lasting and highly durable also tend to have a limited application potential for re-use. This is because such materials derive their durable properties from a high degree of chemical connectivity, resulting in rigid meshes or networks of polymer chains with a high intrinsic resistance to deformation. Read More

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General and selective synthesis of primary amines using Ni-based homogeneous catalysts.

Chem Sci 2020 Mar 25;11(17):4332-4339. Epub 2020 Mar 25.

Leibniz-Institut für Katalyse e. V. Albert Einstein-Str. 29a 18059 Rostock Germany

The development of base metal catalysts for industrially relevant amination and hydrogenation reactions by applying abundant and atom economical reagents continues to be important for the cost-effective and sustainable synthesis of amines which represent highly essential chemicals. In particular, the synthesis of primary amines is of central importance because these compounds serve as key precursors and central intermediates to produce value-added fine and bulk chemicals as well as pharmaceuticals, agrochemicals and materials. Here we report a Ni-triphos complex as the first Ni-based homogeneous catalyst for both reductive amination of carbonyl compounds with ammonia and hydrogenation of nitroarenes to prepare all kinds of primary amines. Read More

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New graduate employment in general practice: Perceptions of final-year nursing students.

Nurse Educ Pract 2021 Jun 8;54:103115. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Professor of Primary Health Care Nursing, School of Nursing, Faculty of Science, Medicine & Health, Illawarra Health & Medical Research Institute, University of Wollongong, Northfields Ave Wollongong, NSW 2522, Australia. Electronic address:

Aim/objective: This paper sought to investigate the perceptions of final-year nursing students regarding general practice nursing as a new graduate career path.

Background: General practice nurses have become increasingly important in providing community-based care, in response to the growing burden of chronic conditions and the ageing population. To sustain this workforce, there is a need to optimise strategies to promote a consistent supply of new graduate nurses. Read More

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Bacterial contribution to 17β-estradiol mineralization in lake sediment as revealed by C-DNA stable isotope probing.

Environ Pollut 2021 Jun 2;286:117505. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

State Key Laboratory of Soil and Sustainable Agriculture, Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing, 210008, PR China.

The accumulation of estrogens in aquatic environments has drawn increasing public concern due to their adverse effects on aquatic ecosystems and human health. Bacteria play important roles in eliminating estrogens from the environment, but knowledge of the identity and functions of the microorganisms involved in metabolizing these steroid hormones in the natural microbial communities is lacking. Here, we added C-17β-estradiol (C-E2) to sediments collected from Zhushan (ZS) Bay, Meiliang (ML) Bay, Gonghu (GH) Bay, and the central area (CA) of the Taihu Lake. Read More

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What is the deal with the Green Deal: Will the new strategy help to improve European freshwater quality beyond the Water Framework Directive?

Sci Total Environ 2021 May 28;791:148080. Epub 2021 May 28.

The James Hutton Institute, Environmental and Biochemical Sciences Group, Craigiebuckler, Aberdeen AB15 8QH, Scotland, UK.

Agricultural land use covers almost half of the EU territory and reducing nutrient and pesticide losses to freshwaters is central to existing EU policy. However, the progress of improving freshwater quality and reducing eutrophication is slow and lags behind targets. The Green Deal is a key element of the EU plans to implement the United Nation's Sustainable Development Goals. Read More

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Assessment of surface water of Gulf of Kachchh, west coast of India: A chemometric approach.

Mar Pollut Bull 2021 Jun 11;170:112589. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Biosciences, School of Sciences, Indrashil University, Rajpur-Kadi, Mehsana, Gujarat, India; Department of Life Sciences, Maharaja Krishnakumarsinhji Bhavnagar University, Bhavnagar, Gujarat, India. Electronic address:

The present study is aimed at investigation of surface water quality of Gulf of Kachchh (GoK), Gujarat. The main objective of this study was to convert complex dataset of water quality parameters from GoK into comprehensive, simple and interpretable observations. Hence, physico-chemical parameters and nutrients of surface water from GoK were analyzed. Read More

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A critical review on approaches for electrolytic manganese residue treatment and disposal technology: Reduction, pretreatment, and reuse.

J Hazard Mater 2021 Jun 2;418:126235. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Key Laboratory of High-temperature and High-pressure Study of the Earth's Interior, Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guiyang 550081, China.

Electrolytic manganese residue (EMR) has become a barrier to the sustainable development of the electrolytic metallic manganese (EMM) industry. EMR has a great potential to harm local ecosystems and human health, due to it contains high concentrations of soluble pollutant, especially NH and Mn, and also the possible dam break risk because of its huge storage. There seems to be not a mature and stable industrial solution for EMR, though a lot of researches have been done in this area. Read More

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Effects of chloropicrin fumigation combined with biochar on soil bacterial and fungal communities and Fusarium oxysporum.

Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 2021 Jun 11;220:112414. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Institute of Plant Protection, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100193, China. Electronic address:

Chloropicrin (CP) can cause long-term damage to beneficial microbes which reduces soil health. Biochar (BC) can mitigate against the effects of CP by reducing the time for beneficial microbes to recover after CP fumigation. In this study, we used Real-Time Quantitative PCR to determine the effects of different rates of BC added to CP-fumigated soil on the speed of recovery of bacteria and fungi population and on changes to gene copy number of the target pathogen Fusarium oxysporum. Read More

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A planetary health model for reducing exposure to faecal contamination in urban informal settlements: Baseline findings from Makassar, Indonesia.

Environ Int 2021 Jun 12;155:106679. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Jeffrey Cheah School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Monash University Malaysia, Bandar Sunway, Malaysia; International Institute for Global Health, United Nations University, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Background: The intense interactions between people, animals and environmental systems in urban informal settlements compromise human and environmental health. Inadequate water and sanitation services, compounded by exposure to flooding and climate change risks, expose inhabitants to environmental contamination causing poor health and wellbeing and degrading ecosystems. However, the exact nature and full scope of risks and exposure pathways between human health and the environment in informal settlements are uncertain. Read More

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Environmental assessment, mechanical behavior, and chemical properties of self-compacting mortars (SCMs) with harbor dredged sediments to be used in construction.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

University Lille, ULR 4515 - LGCgE, Laboratoire de Génie Civil et géo-Environnement, F-59000, Lille, France.

Environmental and ecological issues have led to the development of new sustainable channels for the recovery of dredged sediments. One of the major difficulties of sediment valorization lies in particular in its very heterogeneous composition. For example, the presences of heavy metals and organic matter have a significant influence on the environmental impact of materials formulated with sediment. Read More

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Wireless Technologies for Energy Harvesting and Transmission for Ambient Self-Powered Systems.

ACS Nano 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

School of Biosystems Engineering and Food Science, Zhejiang University, 866 Yuhangtang Road, Hangzhou 310058, P.R. China.

The era of the Internet of Things (IoT) requires sustainable and convenient methods to power widely distributed sensing devices. Self-powered systems have emerged as a potential solution that utilizes ambient energy from environmental sources such as electromagnetic fields, mechanical motion, solar power, and temperature gradients. Recently, the integration of wireless technologies with self-powered systems has attracted significant attention as a way to address challenges in energy harvesting and transport without the cost and inherent physical constraints of wires. Read More

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