911 results match your criteria survivors resilience

Resilience as a multi-directional movement process: A conceptual and empirical exploration.

Br J Sociol 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Birmingham Law School, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK.

Movement is a recurrent thematic within extant resilience scholarship. Ecological theorizations of resilience emphasize systems that are in constant movement and flux. Terms such as "bouncing back" and "bouncing forward" are frequently used to describe how individuals recover and move on from adversity and trauma. Read More

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Assembling a cohort for in-depth, longitudinal assessments of the biological embedding of child maltreatment: Methods, complexities, and lessons learned.

Dev Psychopathol 2021 May;33(2):394-408

Child Maltreatment Solutions Network, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA.

As championed by the work of Ed Zigler, investing in nurturing environments for all children is a chief tenet of primary prevention that will have far-reaching benefits to the health and welfare of all members of society. Children who endure child maltreatment (CM) are among society's most vulnerable. Prospective longitudinal research aimed at a comprehensive understanding of the mechanisms linking CM to subsequent adverse health consequences is needed to improve outcomes and to strengthen causal inference. Read More

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What Survivorship Means to Liver Transplant Recipients-Qualitative Groundwork for A Survivorship Conceptual Model.

Liver Transpl 2021 May 3. Epub 2021 May 3.

Department of Medicine, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University of North Carolina (UNC) School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, NC, United States.

Background & Aims: Survivorship is a well-established concept in the cancer care continuum with a focus on disease recurrence, quality of life, and minimizing competing risks for mortality; however, this has not been well studied in liver transplantation (LT). We aimed to investigate what survivorship means to LT patients and identify motivations and coping strategies for overcoming challenges after LT.

Approach & Results: Twenty in-depth home interviews were conducted among adults 3 to 6 months after LT. Read More

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Adaptive Homeostatic Strategies of Resilient Intrinsic Self-Regulation in Extremes (RISE): A Randomized Controlled Trial of a Novel Behavioral Treatment for Chronic Pain.

Front Psychol 2021 12;12:613341. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Psychology, Midwestern University, Glendale, AZ, United States.

Current treatments for chronic pain have limited benefit. We describe a resilience intervention for individuals with chronic pain which is based on a model of viewing chronic pain as dysregulated homeostasis and which seeks to restore homeostatic self-regulation using strategies exemplified by survivors of extreme environments. The intervention is expected to have broad effects on well-being and positive emotional health, to improve cognitive functions, and to reduce pain symptoms thus helping to transform the suffering of pain into self-growth. Read More

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Naturalistic Study of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Among Israeli Civilians Exposed to Wartime Attacks.

Psychiatr Serv 2021 Apr 22:appips201900313. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Office of Medical Affairs, National Insurance Institute of Israel, Jerusalem (Ellenberg, Yakir, Bar-On, Sasson, Taragin, Cohen, Ostfeld); Medintec, Petach-Tikva, Israel (Luft-Afik); Department of Social Work, Ariel University, Ariel, Israel (Lavenda, Mahat-Shamir, Hamama-Raz, Ben Ezra, Ostfeld); Department of Psychology, University of Hawaii, Hilo, and Trauma and Resilience Center, Department of Psychiatry, University of Texas Health Sciences Center, Houston (Frueh).

Objective: Civilians who survive wartime attacks commonly experience substantial psychological distress, including acute stress reactions (ASRs) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The authors sought to determine the level of Israeli civilian exposure to wartime attacks, prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and physical injuries, and associated medical costs over a 7-year period.

Methods: Data from the National Insurance Institute of Israel on civilian survivors of wartime attacks in the 2009-2015 period were retrospectively examined. Read More

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Exposure to Hurricane Sandy and Risk of Opioid Abuse.

Subst Use Misuse 2021 Apr 19:1-5. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Department of Occupational Medicine, Epidemiology and Prevention, The Feinstein Institutes for Medical Research, Northwell Health, Manhasset, New York, USA.

Background: Given both the increased prevalence of natural disasters in recent years and the crippling opioid epidemic, identifying at-risk groups for substance abuse post-disaster is imperative to survivor mental health. The objective of this study was to examine the association between exposure to Hurricane Sandy and risk of opioid abusive behavior.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective analysis using data from two cross-sectional studies that examined the impact of Hurricane Sandy on mental health from October 2013- August 2016. Read More

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The needs of traumatic brain injury survivors' caregivers and the implication required during the COVID-19 pandemic: Public health issues.

J Public Health Res 2021 Apr 14;10(2). Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Kulliyyah of Medicine, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Kuantan, Pahang.

Background: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) survivors require attention and dependence from their primary caregiver. This is because TBI is a defect that affects both the psychological and physical functions of the victim. Caregivers play an essential role in providing the adequate care victims need to adjust to the new problems they may experience due to their condition, as family members alone may not be able to provide for their needs. Read More

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The Role of Social Media in Providing Support from Friends for Adolescent and Young Adult (AYA) Patients and Survivors of Sarcoma: Perspectives of AYA, Parents, and Providers.

J Adolesc Young Adult Oncol 2021 Apr 12. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Pediatrics, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, California, USA.

The aims of the current study were to better understand, from the perspective of adolescents and young adults (AYAs) with sarcoma, parents, and providers, the friendship support needs of AYAs with bone and soft tissue sarcoma and the role of social media in facilitating social support for AYAs with sarcoma. Semistructured interviews were conducted with 21 participants. AYA ( = 10) ranged in age from 14 to 23 years (mean 19. Read More

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Impact of Covid-19 on the mental health needs of asylum seekers in Australia.

Australas Psychiatry 2021 Apr 5:10398562211005445. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

Building Early Attachment and Resilience Research Group, Department of Psychiatry, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.

Objective: This paper highlights the significant mental health vulnerabilities of people who have sought asylum in Australia and their additional adversities as a result of the Covid-19 pandemic.

Conclusions: Australia's policies in relation to asylum seekers result in multiple human rights violations and add significantly to mental health vulnerabilities. Despite a majority being identified as refugees, people spend years in personal and administrative limbo and are denied resettlement in Australia. Read More

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Photo-experiencing and reflective listening: A trauma-informed photo-elicitation method to explore day-to-day health experiences.

Public Health Nurs 2021 Apr 4. Epub 2021 Apr 4.

Department of Health Behavior and Biological Sciences, University of Michigan School of Nursing, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

Despite the promise of photography in research, few methods offer a guide to leverage this medium in conjunction with experience sampling to facilitate individual reflection while capturing the experiences of participants as they interact with their social world. The purpose of this paper is to introduce a new photo-elicitation method to add to the photography research repertoire, Photo-experiencing and Reflective Listening (PEARL). PEARL leverages the benefits of experience sampling, mindful self-awareness, and trauma-informed interviewing to document daily health experiences. Read More

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Gene-environment correlations and causal effects of childhood maltreatment on physical and mental health: a genetically informed approach.

Lancet Psychiatry 2021 05 16;8(5):373-386. Epub 2021 Mar 16.

Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, Netherlands; Department of Epidemiology, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, Netherlands; Molecular Epidemiology, Department of Biomedical Data Sciences, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, Netherlands.

Background: Childhood maltreatment is associated with poor mental and physical health. However, the mechanisms of gene-environment correlations and the potential causal effects of childhood maltreatment on health are unknown. Using genetics, we aimed to delineate the sources of gene-environment correlation for childhood maltreatment and the causal relationship between childhood maltreatment and health. Read More

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What Do You Mean by Community Resilience? More Assets or Better Prepared?

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2021 Mar 17:1-8. Epub 2021 Mar 17.

Shenzhen Institute for Advanced Study & School of Public Affairs and Administration, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu, China.

Objectives: Understanding people's perception of community resilience to disaster is important. This study explores the correlations of household livelihood assets, the adopted household disaster preparedness activities, and individuals' assessment of community resilience.

Methods: The data was collected in 2018 by surveying a group of survivors affected by the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake in China. Read More

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Effects of extreme weather events on child mood and behavior.

Dev Med Child Neurol 2021 Mar 15. Epub 2021 Mar 15.

University of Miami, Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science, Miami, FL, USA.

Extreme weather events (EWEs) are increasing in frequency and severity as the planet continues to become warmer. Resulting disasters have the potential to wreak havoc on the economy, infrastructure, family unit, and human health. Global estimates project that children will be disproportionately impacted by the changing climate - shouldering 88% of the related burdens. Read More

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The resilience scale: factorial structure, reliability, validity, and parenting-related factors among disaster-exposed adolescents.

BMC Psychiatry 2021 03 10;21(1):145. Epub 2021 Mar 10.

School of Psychology, Center for Studies of Psychological Application, and Key Laboratory of Mental Health and Cognitive Science of Guangdong Province, South China Normal University, Guangzhou, 510631, China.

Background: In this study, we examined psychometric properties of the Chinese version of the Resilience Scale (RS) and parenting-related factors associated with resilience among disaster-exposed adolescents.

Methods: Eighteen months after the earthquake, a total of 1266 adolescents (43.4% male, mean age = 15. Read More

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"A Different Person Entirely": Adolescent and Young Adults' Experiences Returning to Education after Cancer Treatment.

J Adolesc Young Adult Oncol 2021 Mar 9. Epub 2021 Mar 9.

Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Cambridge, United Kingdom.

Adolescent and young adults (AYAs) establish their independent, adult identities as part of their psychosocial development, a process that is largely informed by educational experiences. Not only is a cancer diagnosis disruptive to this process but also AYA cancer survivors (AYACs) face barriers as they attempt to reintegrate into educational systems. This study explores the experiences of AYACs as they return to education, to identify these obstacles and the implications for care teams. Read More

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Divergent trajectories of cellular bioenergetics, intermediary metabolism and systemic redox status in survivors and non-survivors of critical illness.

Redox Biol 2021 May 20;41:101907. Epub 2021 Feb 20.

Division of Surgery and Interventional Science, University College London, Royal Free Hospital, London, NW3 2QG, UK; Intensive Care Unit, Royal Free Hospital, London, NW3 2QG, UK; Peninsula Medical School, University of Plymouth, John Bull Building, Derriford, Plymouth, PL6 8BU, UK.

Background: Numerous pathologies result in multiple-organ failure, which is thought to be a direct consequence of compromised cellular bioenergetic status. Neither the nature of this phenotype nor its relevance to survival are well understood, limiting the efficacy of modern life-support.

Methods: To explore the hypothesis that survival from critical illness relates to changes in cellular bioenergetics, we combined assessment of mitochondrial respiration with metabolomic, lipidomic and redox profiling in skeletal muscle and blood, at multiple timepoints, in 21 critically ill patients and 12 reference patients. Read More

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Health-related quality of life of hospitalized COVID-19 survivors: An initial exploration in Nanning city, China.

Soc Sci Med 2021 04 12;274:113748. Epub 2021 Feb 12.

Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Hudson College of Public Health, The University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK, 73104, USA. Electronic address:

Understanding the health-related quality of life (HrQoL) of hospitalized COVID-19 survivors is an emerging global challenge arising from the current pandemic. A qualitative study of the experiences of sixteen hospitalized COVID-19 survivors from Nanning City, China, was conducted using semi-structured telephone interviews in May 2020. These first-hand accounts were critically and empirically analysed to identify emerging health and social issues, and provide potential solutions to improve survivors' quality of life. Read More

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Stopping, starting, and sustaining HIV antiretroviral therapy: a mixed-methods exploration among African American/Black and Latino long-term survivors of HIV in an urban context.

BMC Public Health 2021 Feb 27;21(1):419. Epub 2021 Feb 27.

New York University Silver School of Social Work, New York, NY, USA.

Background: Although periods of HIV antiretroviral therapy (ART) discontinuation have deleterious health effects, ART is not always sustained. Yet, little is known about factors that contribute to such ART non-persistence among long-term HIV survivors. The present study applied a convergent parallel mixed-methods design to explore the phenomena of stopping/starting and sustaining ART, focusing on low-socioeconomic status African American or Black and Latino persons living with HIV (PLWH) who face the greatest challenges. Read More

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February 2021

Dispositional Optimism and Disaster Resilience: A natural experiment from the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami.

Soc Sci Med 2021 Mar 13;273:113777. Epub 2021 Feb 13.

Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, USA.

Objective: Dispositional optimism - the general belief that good things will happen - is considered a key asset for the preservation of mental health after a traumatic life event. However, it has been hypothesized that in extreme situations such as major disasters where positive expectations cannot overcome the grim reality on the ground, being optimistic might be a disadvantage. To test this mismatch hypothesis, this study explores whether higher pre-disaster dispositional optimism is associated with higher posttraumatic stress (PTS) and depressive symptoms among individuals who experienced the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami. Read More

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Diabetes, stroke, and neuroresilience: looking beyond hyperglycemia.

Ann N Y Acad Sci 2021 Feb 26. Epub 2021 Feb 26.

Department of Neurology, University of California - San Francisco, San Francisco, California.

Ischemic stroke is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality among type 2 diabetic patients. Preclinical and translational studies have identified critical pathophysiological mediators of stroke risk, recurrence, and poor outcome in diabetic patients, including endothelial dysfunction and inflammation. Most clinical trials of diabetes and stroke have focused on treating hyperglycemia alone. Read More

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February 2021

Illness Representation and Self-Efficacy: An Exploration of Fatigue Factors in Middle-Aged Stroke Survivors.

Clin Nurs Res 2021 Feb 25:1054773821997134. Epub 2021 Feb 25.

Chung Shan Medical University Hospital, Taichung, Taiwan.

The purpose of this study is twofold: to examine the relationship between illness representation and self-efficacy and to test the determinants and the effect of self-efficacy, resilience, and stroke impact on fatigue in middle-aged stroke survivors. This study used a cross-sectional and quantitative approach. The instruments included the Chronic Disease Self-Efficacy Scale, Stroke Impact Scale, Resilience Scale, and Fatigue Impact Scale. Read More

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February 2021

The Utility of Verbal Therapy for Pediatric Cancer Patients and Survivors: Expressive Writing, Video Narratives, and Bibliotherapy Exercises.

Front Pediatr 2021 4;9:579003. Epub 2021 Feb 4.

Memorial Health University Medical Center (Palliative Care), Savannah, GA, United States.

Childhood cancer is a stressful experience. No pediatric patient, however, should be made to feel as if their concerns and feelings about their cancer experience must be bottled up inside. Importantly, talking and writing about one's illness has myriad implications for young cancer patients and survivors. Read More

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February 2021

Distress and Resilience in Resettled Refugees of War: Implications for Screening.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 01 30;18(3). Epub 2021 Jan 30.

Public Health Seattle & King County, Seattle, WA 98121, USA.

There is little work published about predictors of specific trajectory types of distress in refugees of war during early resettlement in a host country. Data about distress (Refugee Health Screener-15 (RHS-15)) and possible predictors of distress were collected at the domestic medical examination (T1) within 90 days of arrival and the civil surgeon examination (T2) 11-16 months after T1 for refugee groups from three countries (COU). Descriptive, correlative, analyses of variance, and regression techniques were used to determine trajectory type and their predictors. Read More

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January 2021

Problems and Needs Persist for Oklahoma City Bombing Survivors Many Years Later.

Behav Sci (Basel) 2021 Jan 29;11(2). Epub 2021 Jan 29.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK 73104, USA.

Background: This study assesses long-term physical and emotional symptoms and unmet needs in direct survivors of the 1995 Oklahoma City terrorist bombing 18 ½ years after the event.

Methods: A telephone questionnaire assessed psychiatric symptoms, health problems and coping strategies in 138 terrorism survivors (of whom 80% were physically injured) from a state registry of directly exposed persons, and 171 non-exposed community controls. Structured survey questions measured psychiatric symptoms, posttraumatic growth, general health problems and health care utilization. Read More

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January 2021

Black and Latino Persons Living with HIV Evidence Risk and Resilience in the Context of COVID-19: A Mixed-Methods Study of the Early Phase of the Pandemic.

AIDS Behav 2021 May 10;25(5):1340-1360. Epub 2021 Feb 10.

NYU Silver School of Social Work, New York University, 1 Washington Square North, Room 303, New York, NY, 10003, USA.

The COVID-19 pandemic has great potential to disrupt the lives of persons living with HIV (PLWH). The present convergent parallel design mixed-methods study explored the early effects of COVID-19 on African American/Black or Latino (AABL) long-term survivors of HIV in a pandemic epicenter, New York City. A total of 96 AABL PLWH were recruited from a larger study of PLWH with non-suppressed HIV viral load. Read More

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Advocating for a Loved One in the Setting of Uncertainty: A Mixed-Methods Study Among Caregivers of Sepsis Survivors at the Point of a Sepsis Readmission.

Dimens Crit Care Nurs 2021 Jan-Feb 01;40(1):36-50

Background: The trajectory of recovery after sepsis varies. Survivors may have considerable ongoing limitations, requiring a caregiver for a prolonged period.

Objectives: To learn about experiences, quality of life, coping, resilience, and social support of caregiver caring for survivors of sepsis. Read More

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Revisiting Poststroke Upper Limb Stratification: Resilience in a Larger Cohort.

Neurorehabil Neural Repair 2021 03 1;35(3):280-289. Epub 2021 Feb 1.

Australian Catholic University, Strathfield, New South Wales, Australia.

Background: Upper limb (UL) impairment in stroke survivors is both multifactorial and heterogeneous. Stratification of motor function helps identify the most sensitive and appropriate assessments, which in turn aids the design of effective and individualized rehabilitation strategies. We previously developed a stratification method combining the Grooved Pegboard Test (GPT) and Box and Block Test (BBT) to stratify poststroke UL motor function. Read More

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Exploring Differences in Perceived Satisfaction, Resilience, and Achievement Between Hispanic and Non-Hispanic White Childhood Cancer Survivors.

J Pediatr Health Care 2021 Mar-Apr;35(2):196-204. Epub 2021 Jan 28.

Introduction: To address gaps in understanding disparities of posttraumatic growth among childhood cancer survivors, the aims of this study were to (1) compare satisfaction, resilience, and achievement among Hispanic and non-Hispanic White survivors; and (2) examine relationships between sociodemographic and clinical factors with satisfaction, resilience, and achievement.

Method: Survivors (N = 116) at Children's Hospital of Orange County After Cancer Treatment Survivorship Program completed the Child Health and Illness Profile-Adolescent Edition.

Results: Resilience (p = . Read More

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January 2021