Psychiatr Serv 2021 Apr 22:appips201900313. Epub 2021 Apr 22.
Office of Medical Affairs, National Insurance Institute of Israel, Jerusalem (Ellenberg, Yakir, Bar-On, Sasson, Taragin, Cohen, Ostfeld); Medintec, Petach-Tikva, Israel (Luft-Afik); Department of Social Work, Ariel University, Ariel, Israel (Lavenda, Mahat-Shamir, Hamama-Raz, Ben Ezra, Ostfeld); Department of Psychology, University of Hawaii, Hilo, and Trauma and Resilience Center, Department of Psychiatry, University of Texas Health Sciences Center, Houston (Frueh).
Objective: Civilians who survive wartime attacks commonly experience substantial psychological distress, including acute stress reactions (ASRs) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The authors sought to determine the level of Israeli civilian exposure to wartime attacks, prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and physical injuries, and associated medical costs over a 7-year period.
Methods: Data from the National Insurance Institute of Israel on civilian survivors of wartime attacks in the 2009-2015 period were retrospectively examined. Read More