Int J Mol Sci 2019 Jun 19;20(12). Epub 2019 Jun 19.
College of Korean Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Seoul 02447, Korea.
As p300-mediated RelA/p65 hyperacetylation by signal transducers and activators of transcription 3 (STAT3) is critical for NF-κB activation, in the current study, the apoptotic mechanism of lambertianic acid (LA) was explored in relation to STAT3 phosphorylation and RelA/p65 acetylation in MCF-7, DU145, PC-3, and MDA-MB-453 cells. LA significantly increased the cytotoxicity, sub G 1 population, and the cleavage of poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) in MDA-MB-453 or PC-3 cells (STAT3 mutant), more than in the MCF-7 or DU145 cells (STAT3 wild). Consistently, LA inhibited the phosphorylation of STAT3 and nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NF-κB), and disrupted the interaction between p-STAT3, p300, NF-κB, and RelA/p65 acetylation (Ac-RelA/p65) in the MCF-7 and DU145 cells. Read More