54,918 results match your criteria survey detection

Transoral surgery for superficial head and neck cancer: National Multi-Center Survey in Japan.

Cancer Med 2021 May 15. Epub 2021 May 15.

Department of Gastroenterology, Kobe City Medical Center General Hospital, Kobe, Japan.

Head and neck cancers, especially in hypopharynx and oropharynx, are often detected at advanced stage with poor prognosis. Narrow band imaging enables detection of superficial cancers and transoral surgery is performed with curative intent. However, pathological evaluation and real-world safety and clinical outcomes have not been clearly understood. Read More

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A comparative study of deep learning-based network model and conventional method to assess beach debris standing-stock.

Mar Pollut Bull 2021 May 11;168:112466. Epub 2021 May 11.

A.I. Platform Department, HancomInSpace Co., Ltd, Daejeon 34103, Republic of Korea.

The conventional survey of marine debris standing-stock has various drawbacks such as high cost and inaccuracy because the total amount of debris in the whole beach is inferred using the results of the manual investigation in selected narrow areas. To overcome the disadvantages, an automatic detection method using a deep learning-based network model was developed to detect and quantify the beach debris. The network model developed in this study classified items with a precision of 0. Read More

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Study on the relationship between crisis awareness and medical waste separation behavior shown by residents during the COVID-19 epidemic.

Sci Total Environ 2021 May 5;787:147522. Epub 2021 May 5.

School of Business, Jiangsu Normal University, Xuzhou 221116, PR China.

Specific awareness is an important factor that affects individual behavioral decisions. This study explored the relationship between crisis awareness and medical waste separation behavior shown by urban residents during the COVID-19 epidemic in China. The results of a questionnaire survey data (N = 668) were subjected to statistical analyses, regression analyses, and cross-analyses. Read More

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Estimated assessment of dietary exposure to artificial sweeteners from processed food in Nanjing, China.

Food Addit Contam Part A Chem Anal Control Expo Risk Assess 2021 May 14:1-13. Epub 2021 May 14.

Department of Nutrition and Food Hygiene, Nanjing Municipal Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Nanjing, Jiangsu, China.

The objective of this study was to measure the concentrations of three intensity sweeteners (Acesulfame-K, cyclamate and saccharin) in different categories of food available on the Nanjing market, and to investigate whether the Nanjing general population was at risk for exceeding the ADI of sweeteners. A set of 1885 foods was collected and analysed using the National Food Safety Standard procedure in order to establish the concentration levels of the sweeteners. Dietary exposure was estimated using probabilistic modelling software and compared directly with each sweetener's ADI. Read More

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Distribution and Emission Estimation of Short- and Medium-Chain Chlorinated Paraffins in Chinese Products through Detection-Based Mass Balancing.

Environ Sci Technol 2021 May 14. Epub 2021 May 14.

State Key Joint Laboratory for Environmental Simulation and Pollution Control, College of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China.

Short- and medium-chain chlorinated paraffins (SCCPs and MCCPs, respectively) have raised environmental concern due to their potential for persistence, long-range transport, bioaccumulation, and toxicity. However, little is known about the production, use, and environmental emissions of SCCPs and MCCPs in China, the world's largest producer and consumer. In this study, we estimated the amounts of SCCPs and MCCPs produced and used in China in 2018-2019 based on a nationwide survey and measurements of concentrations in products, from which we estimated the environmental emissions of SCCPs and MCCPs in China. Read More

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A conflicts' classification for IoT-based services: a comparative survey.

PeerJ Comput Sci 2021 27;7:e480. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Computer Science Department, Faculty of Computers and Artificial Intelligence, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt.

Recently, Internet of Things (IoT)-based systems, especially automation systems, have become an indispensable part of modern-day lives to support the controlling of the networked devices and providing context-aware and intelligent environments. IoT-based services/apps developed by the end-users interact with each other and share concurrent access to devices according to their preferences, which increases safety, security, and correctness issues in IoT systems. Due to the critical impacts resulting from these issues, IoT-based apps require a customized type of compilers or checking tools that capable of analyzing the structures of these apps and detecting different types of errors and conflicts either in intra-IoT app instructions or in inter-IoT apps interactions. Read More

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A systematic review of automated pre-processing, feature extraction and classification of cardiotocography.

PeerJ Comput Sci 2021 27;7:e452. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Department Computer Engineering, Karabük University,, Karabük, Karabük, Turkey.

Context: The interpretations of cardiotocography (CTG) tracings are indeed vital to monitor fetal well-being both during pregnancy and childbirth. Currently, many studies are focusing on feature extraction and CTG classification using computer vision approach in determining the most accurate diagnosis as well as monitoring the fetal well-being during pregnancy. Additionally, a fetal monitoring system would be able to perform detection and precise quantification of fetal heart rate patterns. Read More

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Infant delivery and maternal stress during the COVID-19 pandemic: a comparison of the well-baby versus neonatal intensive care environments.

J Perinatol 2021 May 13. Epub 2021 May 13.

Department of Psychology, Bar Ilan University, Ramat Gan, Israel.

Objective: To describe impact of COVID-19 pandemic on stress and mood of new mothers, in particular in neonatal intensive care unit (NICU); a secondary objective was to assess whether customary social gender distancing practiced by ultra-religious Jews and Muslims offers built-in anti-stress protection.

Methods: Cross-sectional, observational survey of mothers of 52 normal newborn nursery (NNB) and 52 NICU infants. In all, 86 filled all the 6 questionnaires (Demographics, COVID-19 virus experience, Mental Health Inventory, Neonatal Satisfaction Survey, Parental Stressor Scale, and Questionnaire of Coping Strategies). Read More

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[Combined influence of lipid accumulation product and body mass index on cardiometabolic risk factors among Yinchuan City children and adolescents].

Wei Sheng Yan Jiu 2021 Mar;50(2):256-260

Department of Children and adolescents Health Care, School of Public Health, Ningxia Medical University, Yinchuan 750004, China.

Objective: To analyze the relationship between children lipid accumulation product(CLAP) and body mass index(BMI) and cardiovascular risk factors in children and adolescents.

Methods: A current situation study design was adopted. A total of 936 children and adolescents aged 12 to 18 years old in Yinchuan City were selected from September 2017 to September 2019 by a convenient sampling method. Read More

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[Relationship between rs7041 polymorphism of GC gene and serum vitamin D status in Chinese women of childbearing age].

Wei Sheng Yan Jiu 2021 Mar;50(2):192-209

National Institute for Nutrition and Health, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention; Key Laboratory of Trace Element Nutrition, National Health Commission of the People's Republic of China, Beijing 100050, China.

Objective: To investigate the association of rs7041 polymorphism of GC gene that encodes the vitamin D-binding protein with serum vitamin D status in Chinese women of childbearing age.

Methods: A total of 1812 plasma samples of women childbearing aged 18-44 years old were selected by stratified random sampling technology from the established biological samples bank of Chinese Chronic Diseases and Nutrition Survey(CCDNS, 2015-2018). The serum 25(OH)D status was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Read More

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Biomarkers of poly- and perfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) in Sub-Arctic and Arctic communities in Canada.

Int J Hyg Environ Health 2021 May 10;235:113754. Epub 2021 May 10.

School of Public Health and Health Systems, Faculty of Applied Health Sciences, University of Waterloo, 200 University Avenue West, Waterloo, Ontario, N2L 3G1, Canada. Electronic address:

Polyfluoroalkyl substances and perfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) are a family of anthropogenic chemicals that are used in food packaging, waterproof clothing, and firefighting foams for their water and oil resistant properties. Though levels of some PFAS appear to be decreasing in Canada's south, environmental levels have been increasing in the Arctic due to long-range transport. However, the implications of this on human exposures in sub-Arctic and Arctic populations in Canada have yet to be established. Read More

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A review of dynamical systems approaches for the detection of chaotic attractors in cancer networks.

Patterns (N Y) 2021 Apr 9;2(4):100226. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Concordia University, Montreal, QC, Canada.

Cancers are complex dynamical systems. They remain the leading cause of disease-related pediatric mortality in North America. To overcome this burden, we must decipher the state-space attractor dynamics of gene expression patterns and protein oscillations orchestrated by cancer stemness networks. Read More

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A review of microscopic analysis of blood cells for disease detection with AI perspective.

PeerJ Comput Sci 2021 21;7:e460. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Department of CSE, Vardhaman College of Engineering, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.

Background: Any contamination in the human body can prompt changes in blood cell morphology and various parameters of cells. The minuscule images of blood cells are examined for recognizing the contamination inside the body with an expectation of maladies and variations from the norm. Appropriate segmentation of these cells makes the detection of a disease progressively exact and vigorous. Read More

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International Society of Nephrology Global Kidney Health Atlas: structures, organization, and services for the management of kidney failure in Oceania and South East Asia.

Kidney Int Suppl (2011) 2021 May 12;11(2):e86-e96. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Nephrology, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

Oceania and South East Asia (OSEA) is a socioeconomically, culturally, and ethnically diverse region facing a rising epidemic of noncommunicable diseases, including chronic kidney disease (CKD). The second iteration of the International Society of Nephrology Global Kidney Health Atlas aimed to provide a comprehensive evaluation of kidney care in OSEA. Of the 30 countries/territories in OSEA, 15 participated in the survey, representing 98. Read More

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International Society of Nephrology Global Kidney Health Atlas: structures, organization, and services for the management of kidney failure in Latin America.

Kidney Int Suppl (2011) 2021 May 12;11(2):e35-e46. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Nephrology, Metro South and Ipswich Nephrology and Transplant Services, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

Latin America is a region with a widely variable socioeconomic landscape, facing a surge in noncommunicable diseases, including chronic kidney disease and kidney failure, exposing significant limitations in the delivery of care. Despite region-wide efforts to explore and address these limitations, much uncertainty remains as to the capacity, accessibility, and quality of kidney failure care in Latin America. Through this second iteration of the International Society of Nephrology Global Kidney Health Atlas, we aimed to report on these indicators to provide a comprehensive map of kidney failure care in the region. Read More

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Domoic acid and saxitoxin in seabirds in the United States between 2007 and 2018.

Harmful Algae 2021 Mar 1;103:101981. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Environmental and Fisheries Science Division, Northwest Fisheries Science Center, National Marine Fisheries Service, National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration, 2725 Montlake Blvd. East, Seattle, WA 98112 United States. Electronic address:

As harmful algal blooms (HABs) increase in magnitude and duration worldwide, they are becoming an expanding threat to marine wildlife. Over the past decade, blooms of algae that produce the neurotoxins domoic acid (DA) and saxitoxin (STX) and documented concurrent seabird mortality events have increased bicoastally in the United States. We conducted a retrospective analysis of HAB related mortality events in California, Washington, and Rhode Island between 2007 and 2018 involving 12 species of seabirds, to document the levels, ranges, and patterns of DA and STX in eight sample types (kidney, liver, stomach, intestinal, cloacal, cecal contents, bile, blood) collected from birds during these events. Read More

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[Establishing an integrated hospital-community pyramid for screening and achieving hepatocellular carcinoma early diagnosis and treatment].

Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi 2021 Apr;29(4):289-292

Department of Infectious Diseases, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, State Key Laboratory of Organ Failure Research, Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Viral Hepatitis Research, Guangzhou 510515, China Shenzhen Hospital, Southern Medical University, Shenzhen 518110, China.

The comprehensive management of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a complete, dynamic and personalized process. Therefore, how to scientifically determine the HCC high-risk/extremely high-risk populations and develop a stratified monitoring plan is the key link to early detection, diagnosis and improvement of overall survival. In addition, accurately identifying high-risk/extremely high-risk groups based on the HCC risk prediction model, and applying it to establish an integrated hospital-community pyramid for HCC screening through the implementation of interdisciplinary scientific management and treatment may ultimately reduce HCC-related mortality rate. Read More

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Knowledge of Sleep Disorders Among Physicians at a Tertiary Care Hospital in Qatar: Cross-sectional Study.

Interact J Med Res 2021 May 12;10(2):e25606. Epub 2021 May 12.

Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar.

Background: Sleep disorders constitute a major health problem because of their relatively high and rising prevalence. Several studies worldwide have analyzed health care providers' knowledge of sleep disorders.

Objective: In this study, we aimed to assess the knowledge of sleep disorders among physicians in Qatar. Read More

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Cross-ecosystem fluxes of pesticides from prairie wetlands mediated by aquatic insect emergence: implications for terrestrial insectivores.

Environ Toxicol Chem 2021 May 12. Epub 2021 May 12.

Fort Collins, CO, 80526, USA.

Contaminants alter the quantity and quality of insect prey available to terrestrial insectivores. In agricultural regions, the quantity of aquatic insects emerging from freshwaters can be impacted by insecticides originating from surrounding croplands. We hypothesized that, in such regions, adult aquatic insects could also act as important vectors of pesticide transfer to terrestrial food webs. Read More

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Meta-analysis shows that environmental DNA outperforms traditional surveys, but warrants better reporting standards.

Ecol Evol 2021 May 18;11(9):4803-4815. Epub 2021 Mar 18.

Department of Life Sciences Imperial College London London UK.

Decades of environmental DNA (eDNA) method application, spanning a wide variety of taxa and habitats, has advanced our understanding of eDNA and underlined its value as a tool for conservation practitioners. The general consensus is that eDNA methods are more accurate and cost-effective than traditional survey methods. However, they are formally approved for just a few species globally (e. Read More

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Molecular detection of giant snakeheads, Channa micropeltes (Cuvier, 1831), one of the most troublesome fish species.

Sci Rep 2021 May 11;11(1):9943. Epub 2021 May 11.

Graduate School of Human Development and Environment, Kobe University, Hyogo, Japan.

A lack of reliable tools for determining the presence and distribution of fish species can impede understanding of predator-prey interactions and fishery management. Conventional fish survey methods are invasive, and can be size or species selective. Combining netting and electrofishing is a current method used to monitor fish species in Phayao Lake (Kwan Phayao), Thailand. Read More

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Optimising the cost of roadkill surveys based on an analysis of carcass persistence.

J Environ Manage 2021 May 8;291:112664. Epub 2021 May 8.

Wildlife and Reserve Management Research Group, Department of Zoology and Entomology, Rhodes University, Grahamstown, 6140, South Africa; School of Biology and Environmental Sciences, University of Mpumalanga, Nelspruit, 1200, South Africa.

Reliable estimates of wildlife mortality due to wildlife-vehicle collisions are key to understanding its impact on wildlife populations and developing strategies to prevent or reduce collisions. Standardised approaches for monitoring roadkill are needed to derive robust and unbiased estimates of mortality that are comparable across different study systems and ecological contexts. When designing surveys, there is a trade-off between survey frequency (and hence logistical effort and financial cost) and carcass detection. Read More

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Characterisation of Brucella species and biovars in South Africa between 2008 and 2018 using laboratory diagnostic data.

Vet Med Sci 2021 May 11. Epub 2021 May 11.

Biometry Division, Agriculture Research Council, Stellenbosch, South Africa.

Background: Brucellosis is an infectious zoonotic bacterial disease of humans and other animals. In the Republic of South Africa (RSA), animal brucellosis is widespread and the current available data on the prevalence of this disease rely solely on serological testing. The primary limitation of brucellosis serology is the lack of discriminatory powers to differentiate between Brucella species and biovars as well as the cross-reactivity observed with other Gram-negative bacteria. Read More

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[Study on newborn screening for Duchenne muscular dystrophy and diagnostic strategy].

Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi 2021 May;38(5):430-434

Ningbo Women and Children's Hospital, Ningbo Municipal Key Laboratory of Comprehensive Prevention and Treatment of Birth Defects, Ningbo, Zhejiang 315012, China.

Objective: To establish a newborn screening system for Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) through assessment of MM isoenzyme of creatine kinase (CK-MM) activity.

Methods: The CK-MM level was detected using dry blood spot filter paper from 10 252 male newborns. The results were grouped based on their gestational age, sampling time and intervals between the experiments. Read More

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Detection of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis Foci in South Ethiopia.

Am J Trop Med Hyg 2021 May 10. Epub 2021 May 10.

2Evolutionary Ecology Group, University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium.

Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is a major public health problem in Ethiopia. The disease is endemic in Ochollo, a village in southern Ethiopia, but there are no reports of CL in the wider area, although it is ecologically very similar. We conducted a rapid assessment survey in the South Ethiopian Rift Valley and found 100 parasitologically confirmed CL cases in 38 villages not reported endemic for CL. Read More

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Multi-institutional survey of thymic carcinoma patients in Hokushin region.

J Cancer Res Clin Oncol 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

Division of Medical Oncology, Cancer Research Institute, Kanazawa University, Kanazawa, Japan.

Background: Thymic carcinoma is a rare neoplasm, and its prognosis is very poor. The purpose of this study was to validate the clinical and epidemiological factors, diagnosis and initial treatment of thymic carcinoma among all patients diagnosed in the registered hospital group.

Methods: We surveyed retrospective data from 152,921 cancer patients in 22 principal hospitals. Read More

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COVID-19 response by the Hopi Tribe: impact of systems improvement during the first wave on the second wave of the pandemic.

BMJ Glob Health 2021 05;6(5)

COVID-19 Response, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA.

The Hopi Tribe is a sovereign nation home to ~7500 Hopi persons living primarily in 12 remote villages. The Hopi Tribe, like many other American Indian nations, has been disproportionately affected by COVID-19. On 18 May 2020, a team from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) was deployed on the request of the tribe in response to increases in COVID-19 cases. Read More

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Imported Hyalomma ticks in the Netherlands 2018-2020.

Parasit Vectors 2021 May 7;14(1):244. Epub 2021 May 7.

Centre for Infectious Disease Control (CIb), National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), Bilthoven, the Netherlands.

Background: Ticks of the genus Hyalomma, which are vectors for several tick-borne diseases, are occasionally found in areas outside their endemic range including northern parts of Europe. The objective of this study was to analyse adult Hyalomma ticks that were recently found in the Netherlands.

Methods: Hyalomma ticks were morphologically identified. Read More

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Prevalence of dyslipidemia and associated risk factors among adult residents of Shenmu City, China.

PLoS One 2021 7;16(5):e0250573. Epub 2021 May 7.

Shenmu Hospital Affiliated to Northwest University, Shenmu City Hospital, Shenmu, Shaanxi province, China.

Objective: Dyslipidemia is a leading risk factor for cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. By collecting the blood lipid profiles among adult residents of Shenmu City in Shaanxi Province, China, we aim to assess and elucidate the prevalence and risk factors of dyslipidemia in this city.

Method: Stratified multistage sampling was used to survey 4,598 permanent adult residents in five areas of Shenmu (2 communities in the county seat, 2 in the southern area and 2 in the northern area) from September 2019 to December 2019. Read More

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