519,241 results match your criteria survey analysis

COVID-19 uncertainty and sleep: the roles of perceived stress and intolerance of uncertainty during the early stage of the COVID-19 outbreak.

BMC Psychiatry 2021 06 14;21(1):306. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

School of Psychology, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen, 518060, Guangdong, China.

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic brings unprecedented uncertainty and stress. This study aimed to characterize general sleep status among Chinese residents during the early stage of the outbreak and to explore the network relationship among COVID-19 uncertainty, intolerance of uncertainty, perceived stress, and sleep status.

Methods: A cross-sectional correlational survey was conducted online. Read More

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Type 2 diabetes patients' views on prevention of hypoglycaemia - a mixed methods study investigating self-management issues and self-identified causes of hypoglycaemia.

BMC Fam Pract 2021 Jun 14;22(1):114. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Unit of PharmacoTherapy, Epidemiology and Economics, Groningen Research Institute of Pharmacy, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.

Background: Hypoglycaemia is a common and potentially avoidable adverse event in people with type 2 diabetes (T2D). It can reduce quality of life, increase healthcare costs, and reduce treatment success. We investigated self-management issues associated with hypoglycaemia and self-identified causes of hypoglycaemia in these patients. Read More

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Assessing the Extent to Which Art Therapy Can Be Used with Victims of Childhood Sexual Abuse: A Thematic Analysis of Published Studies.

J Child Sex Abus 2021 Jun 15:1-22. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Centre for Gender and Violence Research, University of Bristol, UK.

In a 2015-2016 UK survey of 35, 248 adults, 7% reported experiencing sexual abuse as children. This review considers the value of Art Therapy (AT) in recognizing individual needs and experiences and supporting victims to manage the lasting impact of abuse. Three main bodies of research were identified: the use of AT in childhood sexual abuse (CSA) investigations; the use of art therapy in the treatment of the psychological sequelae of CSA victims in childhood and adulthood; and an assessment of how art therapy compares to other therapeutic approaches for CSA victims. Read More

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Moderated Mediation of the eCHECKUP TO GO College Student Cannabis Use Intervention.

Subst Use Misuse 2021 Jun 14:1-8. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Department of Human Development and Family Studies, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA.

Cannabis use rates are rising among college students, creating a need for effective and accessible intervention options. One such intervention, the Marijuana eCHECKUP TO GO (eCTG) program, has relatively few studies investigating mechanisms of change and related outcomes. This intervention provides users with personalized normative feedback to adjust user's normative perceptions and use patterns. Read More

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Health-Related Symptoms and Working Conditions on Vulnerability to Presenteeism Among Nurses in South Korea.

Asia Pac J Public Health 2021 Jun 15:10105395211008692. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.

Presenteeism among nurses is reported to be higher than that of other professional workers, and affects one's health and the safety of their patients. Therefore, study on correlation between complex working condition and presenteeism is needed among nurses. This study aimed to predict characteristics of high-risk groups for presenteeism among nurses. Read More

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Deforestation drivers in the Brazilian Amazon: assessing new spatial predictors.

J Environ Manage 2021 Jun 11;294:113020. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of History and Geography, State University of Maranhão, Cidade Universitária Paulo VI, São Luís, 65055-000, Brazil. Electronic address:

Researches on the deforestation of the Amazon have gained prominence in the last recent years, mainly with the change in the policy regarding the facing of this phenomenon by the Brazilian government. Therefore, an understanding about the causes that pressure the occurrence of deforestation remains relevant and has a leading role in the world. Therefore, the aim of this study is to perform the analysis of the spatial variability of the reasons for the deforestation in the Amazon Biome, in Brazil, (2010-2019). Read More

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Risk perception and resource scarcity in food procurement during the early outbreak of COVID-19.

Public Health 2021 May 5;195:152-157. Epub 2021 May 5.

Institute for Collaboration on Health, Intervention, and Policy (InCHIP), USA; Department of Allied Health Sciences, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, 06269, USA.

Objectives: The retail food industry, a major essential business, is among the very few thriving sectors during the COVID-19 pandemic. However, such prosperity on the store side does not guarantee a sufficient food supply for all populations. This study aims to understand if people's risk perception and food security status shaped their food procurement behaviors during the early outbreak of the pandemic. Read More

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Factors influencing nursing students' intention to accept COVID-19 vaccination: A pooled analysis of seven European countries.

Nurse Educ Today 2021 Jun 10;104:105010. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Nursing, School of Health Sciences, Hellenic Mediterranean University, Crete, Greece. Electronic address:

Background: Experiencing the third wave of COVID-19 pandemic, high vaccination coverage by a safe and effective vaccine globally would be a great achievement. Acceptance of vaccination by nursing students is an important issue as they play a decisive role as future professionals in educating patients, counselling, and guiding them to the right clinical decision.

Objectives: To explore the intention of nursing students to get vaccinated for SARS-CoV-2 infection and the factors acting either as motivators or as barriers towards vaccination. Read More

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Reducing distracted pedestrian behavior using Bluetooth beacon technology: A crossover trial.

Accid Anal Prev 2021 Jun 11;159:106253. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

University of Alabama at Birmingham, USA.

Background: The number of fatal pedestrian injuries in the United States has steadily increased over the past decade. Multiple factors likely contribute to this trend, but the growth of pedestrians distracted by mobile devices is widely hypothesized to play a major role. Existing strategies to reduce distracted pedestrian behavior are few and mostly ineffective. Read More

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Ethno medical knowledge and traditional use of Aristolochia bracteolata Lam. for malaria among local communities in Jubek State of South Sudan: A cross-sectional survey.

J Ethnopharmacol 2021 Jun 11:114314. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Mbarara University of Science and Technology, Mbarara, Uganda; Pharmbiotechnology and Traditional Medicine Center of Excellence, Mbarara University of Science and Technology, Mbarara Uganda. Electronic address:

Ethnopharmacological Relevance: . The recognized challenges to access conventional antimalarial medicines could have contributed to the extensive use of Aristolochia bracteolata Lam. (Aristolochiaceae)to manage malaria in South Sudan traditionally. Read More

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A dynamic nomogram for predicting the risk of asthma: Development and validation in a database study.

J Clin Lab Anal 2021 Jun 14:e23820. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, The First Hospital of Kunming, Kunming, China.

Background: Asthma remains a serious health problem with increasing prevalence and incidence. This study was to develop and validate a dynamic nomogram for predicting asthma risk.

Methods: Totally 597 subjects whose age ≥18 years old with asthma, an accurate age at first cigarette, and clear smoking status were selected from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) database (2013-2018). Read More

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Engaging photovoice to complement on sexual assault climate research: A literature review, case study, and recommendations.

J Community Psychol 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

College of Social Work, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky, USA.

Through the implementation of three photovoice projects, we discovered how photovoice method complements sexual assault climate survey research. Scholars have recently asserted that qualitative and participatory research methods are necessary to conduct a holistic sexual assault climate evaluation. Nevertheless, an in-depth analysis of how photovoice complements sexual assault climate research is missing. Read More

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Maternal age at first childbirth and geographical variation in HBV prevalence in Cameroon: Important role of mother-to-child transmission.

Clin Infect Dis 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Unité d'Épidémiologie des Maladies Émergentes, Institut Pasteur, Paris, France.

Background: The prevalence of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection varies geographically around the world. However, the underlying reasons for this variation are unknown. Using a nationally representative population-based sample from all 58 administrative divisions in Cameroon, we examined the association between median maternal age at first childbirth in a preceding generation, a proxy for the frequency of mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of HBV in a region, and the risk of chronic HBV infection, defined as positive surface antigen (HBsAg), in the index generation. Read More

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Quality of life evaluation in Mexican patients with severe obesity before and after bariatric surgery.

Gac Med Mex 2021 ;157(1):64-69

Endocrinology Department, Specialty Hospital, Centro Médico Nacional Siglo XXI, Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social.

Introduction: In Mexico, neither the 36-item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) nor the Bariatric Analysis and Reporting Outcome System (BAROS) instruments have been used to assess quality of life (QoL) before and after bariatric surgery (BS).

Objective: To describe changes in QoL using the SF-36 and BAROS questionnaires in patients with severe obesity before and after BS.

Methods: Clinical and anthropometric data of patients undergoing bariatric surgery between 2015 and 2016 were collected. Read More

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January 2021

Socio demographic determinants of BMI of Pakistani women: An evidence from PDHS (2017-18) using quantile regression analysis.

J Pak Med Assoc 2021 Apr;71(4):1069-1075

Department of Statistics, Lahore College for Women University Lahore, Pakistan.

Objectives: To explore the socio-demographic determinants of nutritional status of Pakistani women.

Methods: The retrospective secondary-data study was conducted at Lahore College for Women University, Lahore, Pakistan from March to July 2019, and comprised a review of the Pakistan Demographic and Health Survey 2017-18 for which the data-collection period was from November 22, 2017, to April 30, 2018. Body mass index was taken as a reflection of the women's nutritional status. Read More

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Hardware Acceleration of EEG-based Emotion Classification Systems: A Comprehensive Survey.

IEEE Trans Biomed Circuits Syst 2021 Jun 14;PP. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Recent years have witnessed a growing interest in EEG-based wearable classifiers of emotions, which could enable the real-time monitoring of patients suffering from neurological disorders such as Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS), Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), or Alzheimer's. The hope is that such wearable emotion classifiers would facilitate the patients' social integration and lead to improved healthcare outcomes for them and their loved ones. Yet in spite of their direct relevance to neuro-medicine, the hardware platforms for emotion classification have yet to fill up some important gaps in their various approaches to emotion classification in a healthcare context. Read More

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Evaluating the Aromatherapy Recommendation for Pain in the Holistic Nurses' Pain Relief Tools for Patients and Self-Care.

J Holist Nurs 2021 Jun 14:8980101211025373. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

4605Felician University.

The purpose of the study was to evaluate the usefulness of the aromatherapy (AT) recommendation in the American Holistic Nurses Association's (AHNA's) (Pain Tool). An observational survey design was used and a purposeful sample of 55 nurses were invited to a two-part, 15-question survey administered via SurveyMonkey. The demographic data were analyzed with quantitative analysis and the open-ended questions were analyzed via content analysis. Read More

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Analysis of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Phthalate Esters in Soil and Food Grains from the Balkan Peninsula: Implication on DNA Adduct Formation by Aristolochic Acid I and Balkan Endemic Nephropathy.

Environ Sci Technol 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Department of Chemistry and Division of Environment and Sustainability, The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clear Water Bay, Kowloon 000000, Hong Kong.

Balkan endemic nephropathy (BEN) is a chronic tubulointerstitial nephropathy affecting residents of rural farming areas in many Balkan countries. Although it is generally believed that BEN is an environmental disease caused by multiple geochemical factors with much attention on aristolochic acids (AAs), its etiology remains controversial. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that environmental contamination and subsequent food contamination by polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and phthalate esters are AA toxicity factors and important to BEN development. Read More

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"Every day is just kind of weighing my options." Perspectives of young adult cancer survivors dealing with the uncertainty of the COVID-19 global pandemic.

J Cancer Surviv 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

UTHealth School of Public Health in San Antonio, 7411 John Smith Dr., Ste 1100, San Antonio, TX, 78229, USA.

Purpose: We explored adolescent and young adult cancer survivor (AYA) experiences with COVID-19 to understand the impact of living through a pandemic, unmet needs, and coping strategies.

Methods: AYAs were recruited nationally, completed an online survey, and attended one of six online focus groups. We used qualitative content analysis to analyze focus group data. Read More

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The Relevance of Religion and Spirituality to Mental Health: A National Survey of Current Clients' Views.

Soc Work 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Despite a growing interest in the relationship between religion and spirituality (RS) and mental health across helping professions, less is known about clients' perceived relevance of these areas. This article describes the development and validation of the Relevance of Religion and Spirituality to Mental Health (RRSMH) scale, and responses to the first national survey of clients' perceived relevance of RS to mental health. Specifically, a sample of 989 U. Read More

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Digital Information Technology Use, Self-Rated Health, and Depression: Population-Based Analysis of a Survey Study on Older Migrants.

J Med Internet Res 2021 Jun 14;23(6):e20988. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.

Background: Previous studies have found that in general, poor health is associated with a lower likelihood of internet use in older adults, but it is not well known how different indicators of health are associated with different types of digital information technology (DIT) use. Moreover, little is known about the relationship between health and the types of DIT use in older ethnic minority and migrant populations.

Objective: The aim of this study is to examine the associations among depressive symptoms and self-rated health (SRH) with different dimensions of DIT use in older migrants. Read More

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Unheard Victims: Multidisciplinary Incidence and Reporting of Violence in an Emergency Department.

West J Emerg Med 2021 May 7;22(3):702-709. Epub 2021 May 7.

Mayo Clinic, Department of Emergency Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota.

Introduction: Workplace violence in the emergency department (ED) is a serious threat to staff and is likely to go unreported. We sought to identify the incidence of violence among staff at our academic ED over a six-month period.

Methods: An anonymous survey was sent to all ED staff, asking whether respondents had experienced verbal abuse or physical assault over the prior six months and whether they had reported it. Read More

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Help Us Help You: Engaging Emergency Physicians to Identify Organizational Strategies to Reduce Burnout.

West J Emerg Med 2021 Apr 8;22(3):696-701. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Harvard Medical School, Massachusetts General Hospital, Department of Emergency Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts.

Introduction: Burnout is a major threat to patient care quality and physician career longevity in emergency medicine. We sought to develop and implement a quality improvement process to engage emergency department (ED) faculty in identifying sources of burnout and generating interventions targeted at improving the work environment.

Methods: In this prospective interventional study conducted at a large, urban, academic medical center, we surveyed a 60-person faculty group using the Professional Fulfilment Index (PFI), as well as burnout-relevant questions from the American Medical Association's Mini-Z survey and the Maslach-Leiter framework for organizational burnout, in order to identify organizational sources of burnout. Read More

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Importance of Mentoring on Workplace Engagement of Emergency Medicine Faculty: A Multi-institutional Study.

West J Emerg Med 2021 Mar 31;22(3):653-659. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Association of American Medical Colleges, Washington, District of Columbia.

Introduction: Mentoring in emergency medicine (EM) has not been well studied despite a larger body of literature that has described the value of mentoring in academic medicine on career satisfaction and scholarly output. Over half of all EM faculty nationally are of junior faculty ranks. The aim of this study was to identify the frequency and types of mentoring in EM, how types of mentoring in EM differ by gender, and how mentoring correlates with workplace satisfaction for EM faculty. Read More

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Socio-Demographic Predictors of Willingness to Pay for Premium of National Health Insurance: A Cross-sectional Survey of Six Districts in Sierra Leone.

Int J Health Policy Manag 2021 May 26. Epub 2021 May 26.

Medicine San Frontières (MSF), Makeni, Sierra Leone.

Background: The government of Sierra Leone introduced Social Health Insurance Scheme as a measure to remove financial barriers that beset the people in accessing health to ensure universal coverage. Under this policy, the citizens were encouraged to subscribe to the scheme to avoid out of pocket payment for healthcare at the point of use. This study was conducted to find out the predictors of willingness among the people to pay for health insurance premium. Read More

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U.S. Genetic counselors' perceptions of inpatient genetic counseling: A valuable model for medically complex patients.

J Genet Couns 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Stanford Center for Inherited Cardiovascular Disease, Stanford, CA, USA.

Some genetic counselors (GCs) provide care in the inpatient setting. However, there is little literature on inpatient genetic counseling. The purpose of our study was to describe GC's experiences with the provision of genetic counseling services within inpatient care settings. Read More

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A Survey of Topological Machine Learning Methods.

Front Artif Intell 2021 26;4:681108. Epub 2021 May 26.

Machine Learning and Computational Biology Laboratory, ETH Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.

The last decade saw an enormous boost in the field of computational topology: methods and concepts from algebraic and differential topology, formerly confined to the realm of pure mathematics, have demonstrated their utility in numerous areas such as computational biology personalised medicine, and time-dependent data analysis, to name a few. The newly-emerging domain comprising topology-based techniques is often referred to as topological data analysis (TDA). Next to their applications in the aforementioned areas, TDA methods have also proven to be effective in supporting, enhancing, and augmenting both classical machine learning and deep learning models. Read More

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A media intervention applying debunking versus non-debunking content to combat vaccine misinformation in elderly in the Netherlands: A digital randomised trial.

EClinicalMedicine 2021 May 15;35:100881. Epub 2021 May 15.

Department of Cardiology, Amsterdam UMC, VU University medical center, De Boelelaan 1117 - 1118, 1081 HV Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

Background: As several COVID-19 vaccines are rolled-out globally, it has become important to develop an effective strategy for vaccine acceptance, especially in high-risk groups, such as elderly. Vaccine misconception was declared by WHO as one of the top 10 health issues in 2019. Here we test the effectiveness of applying debunking to combat vaccine misinformation, and reduce vaccine hesitancy. Read More

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Importance of living arrangements and coparenting quality for young children's mental health after parental divorce: a cross-sectional parental survey.

BMJ Paediatr Open 2021 26;5(1):e000657. Epub 2021 May 26.

Centre for Health Equity Studies, Stockholm, Sweden.

Background: Parental separation has been associated with adverse child mental health outcomes in the literature. For school-aged children, joint physical custody (JPC), that is, spending equal time in both parents' homes after a divorce, has been associated with better health and well-being than single care arrangements. Preschool children's well-being in JPC is less studied. Read More

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