342 results match your criteria supporting factorial


Screening for psychological distress on Indonesian type 2 diabetes: A validation study.

Int J Nurs Pract 2021 Aug 24:e12999. Epub 2021 Aug 24.

Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.

Aim: This study aimed to test the validity and reliability of a four-item patient health questionnaire as a psychological distress screening tool for patients with type 2 diabetes in Indonesia.

Methods: This cross-cultural adaptation study was applied in five public health-care centres in Indonesia in August-October 2018 using a four-item patient health questionnaire. The content, convergent and factorial validity were assessed, and Cronbach's alpha coefficient was the reliability indicator. Read More

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Replacing fish oil and astaxanthin by microalgal sources produced different metabolic responses in juvenile rainbow trout fed 2 types of practical diets.

J Anim Sci 2021 Jan;99(1)

Department of Animal Science, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY.

Dietary fish oil supplementation provides n-3 long-chained polyunsaturated fatty acids for supporting fish growth and metabolism and enriching fillet with eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA; 20:5n-3) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA; c22:6n-3). Two experiments were performed as a 3 × 2 factorial arrangement of dietary treatments for 16 wk to determine effects and mechanisms of replacing 0%, 50%, and 100% fish oil with DHA-rich microalgae in combination with synthetic vs. microalgal source of astaxanthin in plant protein meal (PM)- or fishmeal (FM)- based diets for juvenile rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Read More

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January 2021

Is There a General Factor of Spiritual Intelligence? Factorial Validity of the Polish Adaptation of Spiritual Intelligence Self-Report Inventory.

J Relig Health 2021 Jul 21. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Institute of Psychology, University of Gdańsk, Bażyńskiego 4, 80-312, Gdańsk, Poland.

In recent years, spirituality and the meaning of life are becoming increasingly important variables in the study of well-being, health, and happiness. The concept of spiritual intelligence (SI) was suggested as a potentially significant construct expanding our understanding of psychological determinants of human functioning. The aim of this paper was to investigate the factorial validity of the Spiritual Intelligence Self-Report Inventory (SISRI; King, 2008) in the context of research on a general factor of spiritual intelligence as a psychological construct. Read More

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The Incoherent Fluctuation of Folate Pools and Differential Regulation of Folate Enzymes Prioritize Nucleotide Supply in the Zebrafish Model Displaying Folate Deficiency-Induced Microphthalmia and Visual Defects.

Front Cell Dev Biol 2021 29;9:702969. Epub 2021 Jun 29.

The Institute of Basic Medical Science, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan.

Objective: Congenital eye diseases are multi-factorial and usually cannot be cured. Therefore, proper preventive strategy and understanding the pathomechanism underlying these diseases become important. Deficiency in folate, a water-soluble vitamin B, has been associated with microphthalmia, a congenital eye disease characterized by abnormally small and malformed eyes. Read More

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A positive-negative bifactor model for the Self-Expressiveness in the Family Questionnaire-Short Form.

J Fam Psychol 2021 Jul 15. Epub 2021 Jul 15.

Faculty of Psychology and Education Sciences.

The Self-Expressiveness in the Family Questionnaire (SEFQ) assesses an individual's emotional expressivity in the family context. However, neither the factor structure of the instrument, invariance by age and socioeconomic status (SES), nor substantial evidence for the construct validity of its short form (Self-Expressiveness in the Family Questionnaire-Short Form [SEFQ-SF]) has been established. Therefore, the goals of the present study were to: Conduct a confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) for the SEFQ-SF, by testing five competing factorial models; ascertain the invariance of the measurement model across age groups and socioeconomic levels; and examine its convergent validity with a parenting-specific measure. Read More

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The validation of the Arabic version of the Coronavirus-2019 Phobia Scale (C19P-SA) and individual differences in coronaphobia experiences among an Arabic population.

J Community Psychol 2021 Jul 5. Epub 2021 Jul 5.

Department of Special Education, College of Education, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey.

The current study adapted the Coronavirus 19 Phobia Scale into Arabic and tested the psychometric properties of the adapted version on 469 Arabic-speaking individuals (mean age = 29.57 years old; SD = 10.39; range = 9-71 years old). Read More

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E8-LWDS: Factorial Structure and Psychometric Properties of the Lebanese Waterpipe Dependence Scale-11 in 1490 Egyptian Waterpipe Tobacco Smokers-A Critical Approach.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 06 23;18(13). Epub 2021 Jun 23.

Department of Community, Environmental, and Occupational Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Cairo P.O. Box 11566, Egypt.

Introduction: There is no universal scale for assessing waterpipe tobacco (WT) dependence. We examined the factorial structure and psychometric properties of the Waterpipe Dependence Scale-11 (LWDS-11) among Egyptian WT smokers.

Methods: We administered the LWDS-11 during face-interview questionnaires in two cross-sectional surveys among 1490 current WT smokers recruited via purposive quota sampling. Read More

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Quality by Design for Development, Optimization and Characterization of Brucine Ethosomal Gel for Skin Cancer Delivery.

Molecules 2021 Jun 7;26(11). Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Department of Biomedical Sciences, College of Clinical Pharmacy, King Faisal University, Al-Hofuf 36362, Saudi Arabia.

Natural products have been extensively used for treating a wide variety of disorders. In recent times, Brucine (BRU) as one of the natural medications extracted from seeds of nux vomica, was investigated for its anticancer activity. As far as we know, this is the first study on BRU anticancer activity against skin cancer. Read More

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"My goal is to do the best that I can in this class": Relevance of potential-based achievement goals for intrinsic motivation and course performance.

Int J Psychol 2021 Jun 30. Epub 2021 Jun 30.

Department of English, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran.

Goals are a core aspect of motivation. Elliot et al. (2015) introduced potential-based goals as a type of self-based goals that are conceptualised as seeking to do as well as one possibly could (potential approach goals) or seeking to avoid doing worse than one possibly could (potential avoidance goals). Read More

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QbD-driven development of dissolving microneedle patch loaded with ultradeformable liposomes encapsulated Noopept: Exploring a patient friendly, once-daily option to manage dementia.

Eur J Pharm Sci 2021 Sep 11;164:105909. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Shri G.H. Patel Pharmacy Building, Faculty of Pharmacy, The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, Fatehgunj, Vadodara 390 002, Gujarat, India. Electronic address:

Noopept (NPT), a potent neuroprotective agent, suffers the problem of poor oral bioavailability (~10%) and thus demands exploration of ways of bioavailability improvement. Present work focuses on confronting this issue via development of NPT loaded ultradeformable liposomes (UDL) and its further incorporation in fast dissolving microneedle patch (MNP) for transdermal route. A combination of Phospholipon 90 G and Phospholipon 90H was used as bilayer forming lipids while sodium deoxycholate was used as edge activator to formulate NPT UDL by ethanol injection method. Read More

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September 2021

Phenotypic plasticity under rapid global changes: The intrinsic force for future seagrasses survival.

Evol Appl 2021 May 4;14(5):1181-1201. Epub 2021 Apr 4.

Department of Integrative Marine Ecology Stazione Zoologica Anton Dohrn Naples Italy.

Coastal oceans are particularly affected by rapid and extreme environmental changes with dramatic consequences for the entire ecosystem. Seagrasses are key ecosystem engineering or foundation species supporting diverse and productive ecosystems along the coastline that are particularly susceptible to fast environmental changes. In this context, the analysis of phenotypic plasticity could reveal important insights into seagrasses persistence, as it represents an individual property that allows species' phenotypes to accommodate and react to fast environmental changes and stress. Read More

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Speciation analysis of organoarsenic species in marine samples: method optimization using fractional factorial design and method validation.

Anal Bioanal Chem 2021 Jun 15;413(15):3909-3923. Epub 2021 May 15.

Institute of Marine Research, P.O. Box 1870, 5817, Bergen, Norway.

Organoarsenic species in marine matrices have been studied for many years but knowledge gaps still exist. Most literature focuses on monitoring of arsenic (As) species using previously published methods based on anion- and cation-exchange high-performance liquid chromatography-inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (HPLC-ICP-MS). These studies are often limited to few As species and/or only specific method performance characteristics are described. Read More

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Exploring the effect of a school-based cluster-randomised controlled trial to increase the scheduling of physical activity for primary school students on teachers' physical activity.

Health Promot J Austr 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

School of Medicine and Public Health, The University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW, Australia.

Background: To determine if a school-based physical activity (PA) intervention that supported primary school teachers to schedule PA during school hours impacted their own PA.

Methods: A 2x2 factorial group cluster-randomised controlled trial was undertaken in 12 Australian primary schools. The nine-month intervention supported classroom teachers to increase scheduled weekly PA for their class via physical education, sport, Energisers and integrated lessons. Read More

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Satisfaction with remote teaching during the first semester of the COVID-19 crisis: Psychometric properties of a scale for health students.

PLoS One 2021 28;16(4):e0250739. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Departamento de Educación Médica, Universidad de Concepción, Concepción, Chile.

Introduction: Due to the health crisis caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, 220 million college students in the world had to halt face-to-face teaching and migrate to what has been called Emergency Remote Teaching, using virtual media, but without adequate preparation. The way this has impacted the student body and its satisfaction with the training process is unknown and there are no instruments backed by specific validity and reliability studies for this teaching context. This is why this study aims to analyze the psychometric properties of the Remote Teaching Satisfaction Scale applied to Chilean health sciences students. Read More

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Attending to the Attentional Control Scale for Children: Confirming its factor structure and measurement invariance.

J Anxiety Disord 2021 05 15;80:102399. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Yale University Child Study Center, New Haven, USA. Electronic address:

The Attentional Control Scale for Children (ACS-C) is a widely used self-report questionnaire that measures attentional control in youth. Previous research examined factor-structure and validation of the ACS-C and yielded a 2-factor structure with Attentional Focusing and Attentional Shifting subscales. This study used a confirmatory factor analysis in a large, ethnically diverse sample of clinic-referred anxious youth (N = 442, ages 7-16 years) to compare model fit of three models, the original two-factor model of the ACS-C, a two-factor model of a modified ACS-C (two items re-assigned from Attentional Focusing to Attentional Shifting, three items removed from Attentional Focusing, and two items removed from Attentional Shifting), and a single-factor model. Read More

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Sex Influence on the Functional Recovery Pattern After a Graded Running Race: Original Analysis to Identify the Recovery Profiles.

Front Physiol 2021 18;12:649396. Epub 2021 Mar 18.

Institute of Movement Sciences (ISM), National Center of Scientific Research (CNRS) & Aix Marseille Univ, Marseille, France.

This study investigated the sex influence on the acute and delayed fatigue effects of a 20 km graded running race. Eighteen recreational runners, 10 women and 8 men, completed the race. The testing protocol included five sessions: a week before the race (PRE), 35 ± 15 min after (POST), 2 h, 2 and 4 days (2D and 4D) later. Read More

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Validation of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and complex PTSD in Chinese children as per the ICD-11 proposals using the International trauma questionnaire.

Eur J Psychotraumatol 2021 Mar 11;12(1):1888525. Epub 2021 Mar 11.

Center for Behavioral Health & School of Social Development and Public Policy, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, P.R.China.

: Given that the validity of applying complex posttraumatic stress disorder (CPTSD) in nonclinical children remains unclear. : The current study aimed to explore the factor structure, discriminant validity, and risk factors of ICD-11 posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and CPTSD using the International Trauma Questionnaire. : A total of 3478 trauma-exposed Chinese children aged 9-12 years were included in this study. Read More

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The effects of scientific messages and narratives about vaccination.

PLoS One 2021 24;16(3):e0248328. Epub 2021 Mar 24.

Department of Psychology, University of Illinois, Champaign, Illinois, United States of America.

A fundamental challenge complicates news decisions about covering vaccine side effects: although serious vaccine side effects are rare, less severe ones do occur occasionally. The study was designed to test whether a side effect message could induce vaccine hesitancy and whether that could be countered by pro-vaccine messages about vaccine safety. A large (N = 2,345), nationally representative experiment was conducted by randomly exposing participants to one of six videos about the measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccine edited from news programs produced during the 2019 measles outbreak in the United States. Read More

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Effects of Waiting Room and Feline Facial Pheromone Experience on Blood Pressure in Cats.

Front Vet Sci 2021 5;8:640751. Epub 2021 Mar 5.

Department of Veterinary Diagnostic and Production Animal Medicine, Iowa State University, Ames, IA, United States.

Obtaining accurate blood pressure measurements in cats is challenging due to the stressful nature of clinic visits. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of veterinary clinic waiting experiences and a feline pheromone spray on blood pressure in the cat. We hypothesized that reduced stress associated with bypassing the waiting room and use of synthetic feline facial pheromone (FFP) spray would result in lower blood pressure. Read More

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Impact of routine Newcastle disease vaccination on chicken flock size in smallholder farms in western Kenya.

PLoS One 2021 18;16(3):e0248596. Epub 2021 Mar 18.

Washington State University Global Health-Kenya, Nairobi, Kenya.

Background: Poultry represent a widely held economic, nutritional, and sociocultural asset in rural communities worldwide. In a recent longitudinal study in western Kenya, the reported mean number of chickens per household was 10, with increases in flock size constrained principally by mortality. Newcastle disease virus is a major cause of chicken mortality globally and hypothesized to be responsible for a large part of mortality in smallholder flocks. Read More

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Cross-Validation of the Factorial Validity of the Stroke Impact Scale 3.0 in Patients With Stroke.

Am J Occup Ther 2021 Mar-Apr;75(2):7502205070p1-7502205070p10

Ching-Lin Hsieh, PhD, is Professor, School of Occupational Therapy, College of Medicine, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan; Occupational Therapist, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan; and Adjunct Professor, Department of Occupational Therapy, College of Medical and Health Science, Asia University, Taichung, Taiwan;

Importance: The Stroke Impact Scale 3.0 appears to be a promising outcome measure of health-related quality of life (HRQOL) for clients with stroke. However, because the factorial validity of the Stroke Impact Scale 3. Read More

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Comparative growth response related to hair mineral analysis in dromedary camel calves.

Open Vet J 2021 01 14;10(4):392-399. Epub 2020 Nov 14.

Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Misurata University, Misurata, Libya.

Background: The dromedary camel plays a significant role in supporting the livelihood of pastoral and agropastoral systems, as well as a source of income for the national economy in arid regions.

Aim: The current study was executed to check the comparative growth response in relation to hair mineral status in Marecha camel calves reared under an intensive management system and an extensive management system in Thal desert Punjab, Pakistan.

Methods: Twelve male and female calves of almost the same weight and age were divided into two groups of 6 each (3 male and 3 female). Read More

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January 2021

Allergic rhinitis and dental-supporting tissue diseases in children.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Feb;100(7):e24780

School of Medicine, Chung Shan Medical University.

Abstract: The etiology of dental-supporting tissue diseases in children is multi factorial and not merely related to oral hygiene. Therefore, in the present study, we investigated the relationship between children <18 years old with allergic rhinitis (AR) and the risk of dental-supporting tissue diseases.Data from the National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) of Taiwan were used to conduct a retrospective longitudinal cohort study. Read More

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February 2021

Prescribed exercise regimen versus usual care and hypochlorous acid wound solution versus placebo for treating venous leg ulcers: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial (Factorial4VLU).

BMJ Open 2021 02 18;11(2):e043420. Epub 2021 Feb 18.

School of Nursing, University of Tasmania, Launceston, Tasmania, Australia.

Introduction: Compression is the mainstay of treatment for venous leg ulcers (VLUs) and there are few effective adjuvant treatments. There is only observational evidence supporting the use of hypochlorous acid (HOCl) as a topical wound solution on VLU and some limited randomised evidence for the effect of a prescribed regimen of exercise.

Methods And Analysis: The Factorial4VLU trial is a pragmatic, blinded, factorial randomised controlled trial, with 380 participants receiving either a prescribed exercise regimen compared with usual care and either active HOCl wound solution or placebo wound solution at each dressing change for up to 24 weeks. Read More

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February 2021

Scales of Practices and Outcomes for Community-Engaged Research.

Am J Community Psychol 2021 06 18;67(3-4):256-270. Epub 2021 Feb 18.

University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM, USA.

Despite the growth of research on community-engaged research (CEnR), recent reviews suggest there has been limited development of validated scales to measure key contexts, mechanisms, and outcomes, impairing testing and refinement of theoretical models. The purpose of this study is to present the psychometric properties of scales from the Engage for Equity (E2) project, stemming from a long-term research partnership examining community-engaged research projects. This study used a three-stage, cross-sectional format: (a) a sampling frame of 413 CEnR projects was identified; (b) 210 principal investigators completed a project-level survey and nominated partners for another survey; (c) 457 investigators and partners completed a survey about project contexts, processes, interventions, and outcomes. Read More

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Development of a factorial water policy simulation approach from production and consumption perspectives.

Water Res 2021 Apr 2;193:116892. Epub 2021 Feb 2.

Institute of Hydroecology, MWR & CAS, Wuhan 430079, China.

Industrial water-management policies are prevalent around the world to alleviate global water scarcity. It is indispensable to simulate the effects of different water-management policies on various industries in the socioeconomic system to explore the most effective water consumption reduction pathways. In this study, a factorial water policy simulation model is developed to investigate the composite effects of multidimensional interactive water-management policies from both production and consumption perspectives. Read More

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Feed Composition Differences Resulting from Organic and Conventional Farming Practices Affect Physiological Parameters in Wistar Rats-Results from a Factorial, Two-Generation Dietary Intervention Trial.

Nutrients 2021 Jan 26;13(2). Epub 2021 Jan 26.

Nafferton Ecological Farming Group, Food and Rural Development, School of Agriculture, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, Tyne and Wear NE1 7RU, UK.

Recent human cohort studies reported positive associations between organic food consumption and a lower incidence of obesity, cancer, and several other diseases. However, there are very few animal and human dietary intervention studies that provide supporting evidence or a mechanistic understanding of these associations. Here we report results from a two-generation, dietary intervention study with male Wistar rats to identify the effects of feeds made from organic and conventional crops on growth, hormonal, and immune system parameters that are known to affect the risk of a number of chronic, non-communicable diseases in animals and humans. Read More

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January 2021

Exploring the differential effects of trust violations in human-human and human-robot interactions.

Appl Ergon 2021 May 30;93:103350. Epub 2021 Jan 30.

Air Force Research Laboratory, 2210 Eighth Street Bldg. 146, Wright Patterson Air Force Base, OH, 45433, USA. Electronic address:

There is sparse research directly investigating the effects of trust manipulations in human-human and human-robot interactions. Moreover, studies on human-human versus human-robot trust have leveraged unusual or low vulnerability contexts to investigate such effects and have focused mostly on robot performance. In the present research, we seek to remedy these limitations and compare trust in human-human versus human-robot collaborations in an augmented and adapted version of the Trust Game. Read More

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Replacing fish oil and astaxanthin by microalgal sources produced different metabolic responses in juvenile rainbow trout fed 2 types of practical diets.

J Anim Sci 2021 Jan;99(1)

Department of Animal Science, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY.

Dietary fish oil supplementation provides n-3 long-chained polyunsaturated fatty acids for supporting fish growth and metabolism and enriching fillet with eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA; 20:5n-3) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA; c22:6n-3). Two experiments were performed as a 3 × 2 factorial arrangement of dietary treatments for 16 wk to determine effects and mechanisms of replacing 0%, 50%, and 100% fish oil with DHA-rich microalgae in combination with synthetic vs. microalgal source of astaxanthin in plant protein meal (PM)- or fishmeal (FM)- based diets for juvenile rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Read More

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January 2021