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First Report of Lasiodiplodia theobromae Causing Postharvest Fruit Rot on Guava (Psidium guajava) in Malaysia.

Plant Dis 2021 Apr 14. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Universiti Putra Malaysia, 37449, Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia;

Guava (Psidium guajava L.) is an economically important tropical fruit crop and is cultivated extensively in Malaysia. In September and October 2019, postharvest fruit rot symptoms were observed on 30% to 40% of guava fruit cv. Read More

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Molecular phylogeny and species delimitation of the genus Tonkinacris (Orthoptera, Acrididae, Melanoplinae) from China.

PLoS One 2021 13;16(4):e0249431. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Key Laboratory of Insect Evolution and Pest Management for Higher Education in Hunan Province, Central South University of Forestry and Technology, Changsha, Hunan, People's Republic of China.

Tonkinacris is a small group in Acrididae. While a few species were occasionally sampled in some previous molecular studies, there is no revisionary research devoted to the genus. In this study, we explored the phylogeny of and the relationships among Chinese species of the genus Tonkinacris using the mitochondrial COI barcode and the complete sequences of ITS1 and ITS2 of the nuclear ribosomal DNA. Read More

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Human telomerase RNA component (hTERC) gene expression and chromosome 7 ploidy correlate positively with histological grade of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia.

Cytopathology 2021 Apr 13. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Department of Pathology, University College of Medical Sciences & Guru Teg Bahadur Hospital, University of Delhi, Delhi, India.

Objective: Cervical cancer screening by primary human papilloma virus detection and cytology is fraught with low specificity and variable sensitivity, respectively. Cytology-histology correlation remains modest. Biomarkers associated with early genetic events in cervical squamous carcinogenesis and detectable in cytology material are likely to be relevant. Read More

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Stress in the bone and prosthetic components due to "all-on-4" system with polyether-ether-ketone screwing prosthesis. Analysis using 3D finite element method.

Stomatologija 2020 ;22(4):125-128

Department of Prosthodontics, Faculty of Odontology, Medical Academy, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Sukilėlių pr. 51, Kaunas, Lithuania.

Objective: To identify and analyze distribution of bone stress in the implant area using a PEEK prosthesis fixed on four dental implants depending on different positions of the functional loading point on a cantilever in a 3D modeled system.

Material And Methods: The fragment of the lower jaw with dental implants and over-the-implant prosthetic part was represented by geometrical 3D models and diagonal loads were placed on the distal cantilever of the prosthesis. 3D models were exported to SolidWorks® Student Edition 2018 (Dassault Systemes SE, France) software. Read More

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Measurement Properties of the Full and Brief Version of the Work Rehabilitation Questionnaire in Persons with Physical Disabilities.

J Occup Rehabil 2021 Apr 12. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Center for Rehabilitation, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.

Purpose The Work Rehabilitation Questionnaire (WORQ) is a self-report vocational rehabilitation assessment. A comprehensive (WORQ-FULL) and a brief version (WORQ-BRIEF) are available. The purpose of this study was to investigate measurement properties of both versions in persons with physical disabilities. Read More

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Reversible Stimuli-Dependent Aggregation-Induced Emission from a "Nonfluorescent" Amphiphilic PVDF Graft Copolymer.

Langmuir 2021 Apr 12. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Polymer Science Unit, School of Materials Science, Indian Association for the cultivation of Science, Jadavpur, Kolkata 700032, India.

A poly(vinylidine fluoride) graft random copolymer of -butyl aminoethyl methacrylate (tBAEMA) and oligo(ethylene glycol) methyl ether methacrylate (OEGMA, Mn = 300) [PVDF-g-P(tBAEMA--OEGMA), PVBO] is synthesized by atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP), and PVBO is fractionated to get a highly water-soluble fraction (PVBO-1) showing a reversible on/off fluorescence behavior with gradual increase and decrease in pH, respectively, achieving a maximum quantum yield of 0.18 at pH = 12. PVBO-1 dissolved in water shows large multimicellar aggregates (MMcA), but at pH 12, crumbling of larger aggregates to much smaller micelles occurs, forming nonconjugated polymer dots (NCPDs), as supported by transmission electron microscopy and dynamic light scattering study. Read More

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Accuracy of implant impression techniques with a scannable healing abutment.

J Prosthet Dent 2021 Apr 5. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

Professor, Department of Prosthodontics, Korea University Guro Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Statement Of Problem: Scannable healing abutments are a convenient option to facilitate impression making for implant-supported restorations. However, studies evaluating the accuracy of the impression technique with scannable healing abutments are lacking.

Purpose: The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the accuracy of implant impression techniques with scannable healing abutments. Read More

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First Report of Colletotrichum boninense Causing Anthracnose on Rosa chinensis in China.

Plant Dis 2021 Apr 8. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Guiyang , China;

Chinese rose (Rosa chinensis Jacq.) is cultivated for edible flowers in southwestern China (Zhang et al. 2014). Read More

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Multilocus sequence analysis of Candidatus Phytoplasma aurantifolia associated with phyllody disease of gerbera from India.

Acta Virol 2021 ;65(1):89-96

Gerbera is the most popular cut flower known for its variety of colors and is grown across the world. Its production is challenged by numerous diseases affecting production and quality. During our survey, ten samples from the gerbera plants exhibiting phyllody disease symptoms were collected from Bangalore Rural District, Karnataka, India. Read More

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January 2021

Leaf spot disease of Orychophragmus violaceus caused by Alternaria tenuissima in China.

Plant Dis 2021 Apr 5. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

Northeast Agricultural University, 12430, No. 59, Mucai street, harbin, China, 150030;

Orychophragmus violaceus (L.) O. E. Read More

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Synergistic effect in concurrent removal of toxic methylene blue and acid red-1 dyes from aqueous solution by durian rind: kinetics, isotherm, thermodynamics, and mechanism.

Int J Phytoremediation 2021 Apr 4:1-12. Epub 2021 Apr 4.

Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Universiti Brunei Darussalam, Gadong, Brunei Darussalam.

In the present study, a synergistic effect between cationic methylene blue (MB) and anionic acid red 1 (AR1) on their concurrent adsorptive removal from aqueous binary solution onto durian rind (DR) was systematically investigated in batch mode across different parameters. The concurrent adsorption was pseudo-second-order kinetics and followed the Langmuir isotherm model, similar to their respective single component. The kinetics and intraparticle diffusion analyses demonstrated that the adsorption rate of MB was a 15-fold faster than AR1, and mass transports were governed by a combination of intraparticle and film diffusion. Read More

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β-Galactosidase-Producing Isolates in Mucoromycota: Screening, Enzyme Production, and Applications for Functional Oligosaccharide Synthesis.

J Fungi (Basel) 2021 Mar 19;7(3). Epub 2021 Mar 19.

Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Science and Informatics, University of Szeged, Közép fasor 52, H-6726 Szeged, Hungary.

β-Galactosidases of Mucoromycota are rarely studied, although this group of filamentous fungi is an excellent source of many industrial enzymes. In this study, 99 isolates from the genera , , , , and , were screened for their β-galactosidase activity using a chromogenic agar approach. Ten isolates from the best producers were selected, and the activity was further investigated in submerged (SmF) and solid-state (SSF) fermentation systems containing lactose and/or wheat bran substrates as enzyme production inducers. Read More

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Effect of Polyvinyl Alcohol Ligands on Supported Gold Nano-Catalysts: Morphological and Kinetics Studies.

Nanomaterials (Basel) 2021 Mar 30;11(4). Epub 2021 Mar 30.

Industrial Chemistry "Toso Montanari" Department, University of Bologna, Viale Risorgimento 4, 40126 Bologna, Italy.

The effect of polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) stabilizers and gold nanoparticles supported on active carbon (AuNPs/AC) was investigated in this article. Polymers with different molecular weights and hydrolysis degrees have been synthesized and used, like the stabilizing agent of Au nano-catalysts obtained by the sol-immobilization method. The reduction of 4-nitrophenol with NaBH has been used as a model reaction to investigate the catalytic activity of synthesized Au/AC catalysts. Read More

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Essential Oil Composition and DNA Barcode and Identification of species (Lauraceae) Growing in the Amazon Region.

Molecules 2021 Mar 29;26(7). Epub 2021 Mar 29.

Programa de Pós-Graduação em Química, Instituto de Ciências Exatas e Naturais, Universidade Federal do Pará, Belém, PA 66075-900, Brazil.

Lauraceae species are widely represented in the Amazon, presenting a significant essential oil yield, large chemical variability, various biological applications, and high economic potential. Its taxonomic classification is difficult due to the accentuated morphological uniformity, even among taxa from a different genus. For this reason, the present work aimed to find chemical and molecular markers to discriminate species collected in the Pará State (Brazil). Read More

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Insight into the Systematics of Microfungi Colonizing Dead Woody Twigs of in Honghe (China).

J Fungi (Basel) 2021 Mar 3;7(3). Epub 2021 Mar 3.

CAS Key Laboratory for Plant Biodiversity and Biogeography of East Asia (KLPB), Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Science, Kunming 650201, Yunnan, China.

Members of are broadly distributed across subtropical and tropical areas of southwest and southern China. This host provides multiple substrates that can be richly colonized by numerous undescribed fungal species. There is a severe lack of microfungal studies on in China, and consequently, the diversity, phylogeny and taxonomy of these microorganisms are all largely unknown. Read More

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The Inverse Spacer-A Novel, Safe, and Cost-Effective Approach in Routine Procedures for Revision Knee Arthroplasty.

J Clin Med 2021 Mar 2;10(5). Epub 2021 Mar 2.

Experimental Rheumatology Unit, Department of Orthopedics, Jena University Hospital, Waldkliniken Eisenberg GmbH, 07607 Eisenberg, Germany.

Background: A major disadvantage of current spacers for two-stage revision total knee arthroplasty (R-TKA) is the risk of (sub-) luxation during mobilization in the prosthesis-free interval, limiting their clinical success with detrimental consequences for the patient. The present study introduces a novel inverse spacer, which prevents major complications, such as spacer (sub-) luxations and/or fractures of spacer or bone.

Methods: The hand-made inverse spacer consisted of convex tibial and concave femoral components of polymethylmethacrylate bone cement and was intra-operatively molded under maximum longitudinal tension in 5° flexion and 5° valgus position. Read More

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A Highly Efficient and Stable Photocatalyst; N-Doped ZnO/CNT Composite Thin Film Synthesized via Simple Sol-Gel Drop Coating Method.

Molecules 2021 Mar 8;26(5). Epub 2021 Mar 8.

Center for Nanotechnology, Department of Natural Sciences, Coppin State University, 2500 W. North Ave, Baltimore, MD 21216, USA.

The thin film of N-doped ZnO/CNT nanocomposite was successfully fabricated on soda lime glass substrate by a simple sol-gel drop-coating method. The structural, morphological, chemical, and optical properties of as prepared samples were characterized by a variety of tools such as X-ray Diffraction (XRD), Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy (FE-SEM), Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), and UV-visible spectroscopy. The hexagonal crystalline structure was confirmed from XRD measurement without any other impurity phase detection in samples. Read More

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Comparative mitochondrial genomics of sponge-dwelling snapping shrimps in the genus Synalpheus: Exploring differences between eusocial and non-eusocial species and insights into phylogenetic relationships in caridean shrimps.

Gene 2021 Mar 31;786:145624. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Department of Biological Sciences, 132 Long Hall, Clemson University, Clemson, SC 29634, USA; Smithsonian Marine Station at Fort Pierce, 701 Seaway Drive, Fort Pierce, Florida 34949, USA; Departamento de Biología Marina, Facultad de Ciencias del Mar, Universidad Católica del Norte, Larrondo 1281, Coquimbo, Chile. Electronic address:

The genus Synalpheus is a cosmopolitan clade of marine shrimps found in most tropical regions. Species in this genus exhibit a range of social organizations, including pair-forming, communal breeding, and eusociality, the latter only known to have evolved within this genus in the marine realm. This study examines the complete mitochondrial genomes of seven species of Synalpheus and explores differences between eusocial and non-eusocial species considering that eusociality has been shown before to affect the strength of purifying selection in mitochondrial protein coding genes. Read More

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The influence of framework material on stress distribution in maxillary complete-arch fixed prostheses supported by four dental implants: a three-dimensional finite element analysis.

Comput Methods Biomech Biomed Engin 2021 Apr 2:1-12. Epub 2021 Apr 2.

Department of Prosthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Istanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey.

The purpose of the present study was to compare the stress distribution patterns of four materials used for the framework of All-on-4 prostheses. Following framework materials were evaluated: PEKK, PEEK, titanium, and monolithic zirconia. Bilateral 150 N axial and oblique loads were applied in the first molar region and analyzed using FEA. Read More

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Pulmonary Artery Size Measurements: A Comparison Study Between Electrocardiogram-Gated and Nonelectrocardiogram-Gated Computed Tomography.

J Comput Assist Tomogr 2021 Mar 12. Epub 2021 Mar 12.

From the Department of Radiology, Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital, Clinical College of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing Department of Radiology, The Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University, Xuzhou Department of Radiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu, China.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine the difference and correlation in pulmonary artery (PA) size when measured from the electrocardiogram (ECG)-gated computed tomography (CT) and non-ECG-gated CT.

Methods: In the retrospective study, 279 patients who underwent both ECG-gated CT and non-ECG-gated CT were enrolled. Maximum and minimum diameters of main pulmonary artery (MPA), right pulmonary artery (RPA), and ascending aorta (AAO) were measured, whereas mean diameters of MPA and RPA were obtained. Read More

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A new species of (Amphibia: Bufonidae) from eastern Panama.

Zool Res 2021 May;42(3):272-279

Universidad Autónoma de Chiriquí, Ciudad Universitaria El Cabrero David, Chiriquí 427, Panamá.

A new species of the genus , , from eastern Panama is described herein based on molecular, morphological, and bioacoustic evidence. The new species can be distinguished from its congeners occurring in the region by a combination of the following characters: (1) phalangeal reduction in thumb; (2) SVL (females only) (35.1-50. Read More

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Insights into phylogenetic relationships and genome evolution of subfamily Commelinoideae (Commelinaceae Mirb.) inferred from complete chloroplast genomes.

BMC Genomics 2021 Apr 2;22(1):231. Epub 2021 Apr 2.

Department of Life Sciences, Gachon University, 1342 Seongnamdaero, Seongnam-si, Gyeonggi-do, 13120, Republic of Korea.

Background: Commelinaceae (Commelinales) comprise 41 genera and are widely distributed in both the Old and New Worlds, except in Europe. The relationships among genera in this family have been suggested in several morphological and molecular studies. However, it is difficult to explain their relationships due to high morphological variations and low support values. Read More

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Thromboelastography Parameters and Platelet Count on Admission to the ICU and the Development of Venous Thromboembolism in Patients With Coronavirus Disease 2019.

Crit Care Explor 2021 Mar 17;3(3):e0354. Epub 2021 Mar 17.

Division of Allergy, Pulmonary, and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN.

Objectives: Determine if thromboelastography parameters and platelet count on the day of ICU admission are associated with the development of venous thromboembolism in patients with coronavirus disease 2019.

Design: Prospective, observational cohort study.

Setting: Tertiary-care, academic medical center in Nashville, TN. Read More

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Validity and reliability of the Arabic quick disabilities of the arm, Shoulder and Hand (QuickDASH-Arabic).

Authors:
Ali H Alnahdi

Musculoskelet Sci Pract 2021 Mar 23;53:102372. Epub 2021 Mar 23.

Rehabilitation Sciences Department, College of Applied Medical, Sciences, King Saud University, P.O. Box 10219, Riyadh 11433, Saudi Arabia. Electronic address:

Background: The QuickDASH is a commonly used upper extremity region-specific outcome measure assessing activity limitation and symptoms. The Arabic version of QuickDASH is available in the official outcome measure website, but no prior studies have examined its psychometric properties.

Objective: To examine the psychometric properties of the Arabic QuickDASH in patients with upper extremity musculoskeletal disorders. Read More

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Intramyocardial Transplantation of Human iPS Cell-Derived Cardiac Spheroids Improves Cardiac Function in Heart Failure Animals.

JACC Basic Transl Sci 2021 Mar 19;6(3):239-254. Epub 2021 Feb 19.

Department of Cardiology, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

The severe shortage of donor hearts hampered the cardiac transplantation to patients with advanced heart failure. Therefore, cardiac regenerative therapies are eagerly awaited as a substitution. Human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) are realistic cell source for regenerative cardiomyocytes. Read More

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Review of the existing maximum residue levels for cyproconazole according to Article 12 of Regulation (EC) No 396/2005.

EFSA J 2021 Mar 22;19(3):e06483. Epub 2021 Mar 22.

According to Article 12 of Regulation (EC) No 396/2005, EFSA has reviewed the maximum residue levels (MRLs) currently established at European level for the pesticide active substance cyproconazole. Considering that no application was received to support the renewal of the approval of cyproconazole and considering the expiry date for its approval on 31 May 2021, and that the import tolerances identified were not supported by sufficient data, and are not forming the basis of any existing EU MRLs, but correspond to existing MRLs established by the Codex Alimentarius Commission (codex maximum residue limits; CXLs), the current assessment is limited to CXLs. To assess the occurrence of cyproconazole residues in plants, processed commodities, rotational crops and livestock, EFSA considered the conclusions derived in the framework of Commission Regulation (EC) No 33/2008, as well as the MRLs established by the Codex Alimentarius Commission. Read More

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In vitro and in vivo comparison of microcontainers and microspheres for oral drug delivery.

Int J Pharm 2021 Mar 26;600:120516. Epub 2021 Mar 26.

Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, DK-2100 Copenhagen, Denmark; Bioneer:FARMA, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, DK-2100 Copenhagen, Denmark.

Microcontainers, which are microfabricated cylindrical devices with a reservoir function, have shown promise as an oral drug delivery system for small molecular drug compounds. However, they have never been evaluated against a relevant control formulation. In the current study, we prepared microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) microspheres as a control for in vitro and in vivo testing of SU-8 microcontainers as an oral drug delivery system. Read More

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Simultaneous sulfamethoxazole degradation with electricity generation by microbial fuel cells using Ni-MOF-74 as cathode catalysts and quantification of antibiotic resistance genes.

Environ Res 2021 Mar 26;197:111054. Epub 2021 Mar 26.

College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Pollution Processes and Environmental Criteria, Remediation and Pollution Control for Urban Ecological Environmental, Nankai University, Tianjin, 300350 China.

Antibiotic wastewater presents serious challenges in water treatment. Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) have received significant attention as promising precursors and sacrificial templates in the preparation of porous carbon-supported catalysts. Herein, we investigated the sulfamethoxazole (SMX) degradation and electrochemical performance of microbial fuel cells (MFCs) that applied as-prepared Ni-MOF-74 and Ni-N-C (Ni-MOF-74 underwent pyrolysis treatment at different temperatures) as air-cathode catalyst. Read More

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The evolutionary dynamics of endemic human coronaviruses.

Virus Evol 2021 Jan 20;7(1):veab020. Epub 2021 Mar 20.

Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, corporate member of Freie Universität Berlin and Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Institute of Virology, Berlin, Germany.

Community protective immunity can affect RNA virus evolution by selecting for new antigenic variants on the scale of years, exemplified by the need of annual evaluation of influenza vaccines. The extent to which this process termed antigenic drift affects coronaviruses remains unknown. Alike the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2), seasonal human coronaviruses (HCoV) likely emerged from animal reservoirs as new human pathogens in the past. Read More

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January 2021

Historical migration and taxonomic entity of Korean endemic shrub (Fabaceae) based on microsatellite loci.

AoB Plants 2021 Apr 18;13(2):plab009. Epub 2021 Feb 18.

Department of Biological Sciences, Inha University, 100, Inha-ro, Michuhol-gu, Incheon 22212, Republic of Korea.

Various plant species are endemic to the Korean Peninsula, but their evolutionary divergence and establishment are poorly understood. One of these, , has been proposed as either a hybrid (. × . Read More

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