6,367 results match your criteria supervised exercise

Review of prophylactic swallowing interventions for head and neck cancer.

Int J Nurs Stud 2021 Aug 27;123:104074. Epub 2021 Aug 27.

The First Hospital of Jilin University, No.71 Xinmin street, Changchun, Jilin 130021, China. Electronic address:

Background: Head and neck cancer treatment destroys nerves and/or organs associated with swallowing. Previous studies have investigated the efficacy of exercises for muscles used in swallowing before treatment in reducing disuse atrophy and delaying the occurrence of muscle fibrosis. However, the rehabilitation effects of training and the optimal intervention strategy are unknown. Read More

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Tai Chi for cancer survivors: A systematic review toward consensus-based guidelines.

Cancer Med 2021 Sep 17. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Penn State Cancer Institute, Penn State College of Medicine, Hershey, Pennsylvania, USA.

To manage acute, long-term, and late effects of cancer, current guidelines recommend moderate-to-vigorous intensity aerobic and resistance exercise. Unfortunately, not all cancer survivors are able or willing to perform higher intensity exercise during difficult cancer treatments or because of other existing health conditions. Tai Chi is an equipment-free, multicomponent mind-body exercise performed at light-to-moderate intensity that may provide a more feasible alternative to traditional exercise programs for some cancer survivors. Read More

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September 2021

Integrating a Prevention Care Path into the Daily Life of Older Adults with Mobility Disability Risk: Introducing a Predictive Response Model to Exercise.

Clin Interv Aging 2021 10;16:1617-1629. Epub 2021 Sep 10.

Hospices Civils de Lyon, Centre Hospitalier Lyon Sud, Service de médecine du vieillissement, Pierre-Bénite, cedex F-69495, France.

Introduction: Exercise and nutrition are the best targets to tackle mobility issues in community-dwelling older adults. As exercise response relies on multiple factors, improving the understanding of their interactions is a necessity to tailor effective preventive strategies. Based on a prevention care path designed for community-dwelling older adults with mobility disability risk, our main goal was to determine the predictive factors of the response to a multimodal intervention, combining structured exercise training and nutritional counselling. Read More

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September 2021

Effects of exercise training on heart rate variability in children and adolescents with pulmonary arterial hypertension: a pilot study.

Cardiovasc Diagn Ther 2021 Aug;11(4):1028-1036

Division of Pediatric Cardiology, University Childrens Hospital Ulm, Ulm, Germany.

Background: Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is often associated with cardiac autonomic dysfunction, and heart rate variability (HRV) as marker of cardiac autonomic function is even related to disease severity. Knowledge about the effects of physical activity on HRV is limited in these patients. We aimed to assess whether HRV parameters can be influenced by a supervised exercise training program and whether respective changes are related to levels of activity. Read More

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Leucine-enriched whey protein supplementation, resistance-based exercise, and cardiometabolic health in older adults: a randomized controlled trial.

J Cachexia Sarcopenia Muscle 2021 Sep 14. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

School of Health Sciences, Liverpool Hope University, Liverpool, UK.

Background: Increasing protein intake (above the Recommended Dietary Amount) alone or with resistance-based exercise is suggested to improve cardiometabolic health; however, randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are needed to confirm this.

Methods: The Liverpool Hope University-Sarcopenia Aging Trial (LHU-SAT) was a 16 week RCT (ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02912130) of 100 community-dwelling older adults [mean age: 68. Read More

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September 2021

Exercise as a supportive care strategy in men with prostate cancer receiving androgen deprivation therapy at a regional cancer centre: a survey of patients and clinicians.

Support Care Cancer 2021 Sep 14. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Rural Clinical School, University of New South Wales, Albury Campus, Albury, NSW, 2640, Australia.

Purpose: To understand how frequently exercise is discussed and/or prescribed as a supportive care measure and the barriers and facilitators to exercise uptake for men with prostate cancer receiving androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) at a regional cancer centre.

Methods: An observational, cross-sectional study was conducted at a regional cancer centre in three stages: (1) Retrospective chart review of men with prostate cancer undergoing ADT to identify the frequency of discussion and/or prescription of supportive care measures; (2) prospective patient survey exploring barriers and facilitators to exercise; and (3) prospective clinician survey exploring barriers, facilitators and awareness of exercise guidelines in men with prostate cancer.

Results: Files of 100 men receiving ADT (mean age 73 years; mean ADT duration =12 months) in the medical oncology (n = 50) and radiation oncology (n = 50) clinics were reviewed. Read More

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September 2021

Colorectal cancer patients' experiences with supervised exercise during adjuvant chemotherapy-A qualitative study.

Scand J Med Sci Sports 2021 Sep 14. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Department of Oncology, St. Olav's University Hospital, Trondheim, Norway.

Background: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a common cancer worldwide, with increasing numbers surviving and living with long-term side effects from treatment. Physical exercise during or after treatment may have several beneficial effects, but knowledge of CRC patients' reflections on exercising during adjuvant therapy is limited. The aim of this study was to explore the experiences of CRC patients participating in a supervised exercise program during adjuvant chemotherapy. Read More

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September 2021

Lower extremity MRI following 10-week supervised exercise intervention in patients with diabetic peripheral neuropathy.

BMJ Open Diabetes Res Care 2021 Sep;9(1)

Department of Physical Therapy, New York University, New York City, New York, USA.

Introduction: The purpose of this study was to characterize using MRI the effects of a 10-week supervised exercise program on lower extremity skeletal muscle composition, nerve microarchitecture, and metabolic function in individuals with diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN).

Research Design And Methods: Twenty participants with DPN completed a longitudinal trial consisting of a 30-day control period, during which subjects made no change to their lifestyle, followed by a 10-week intervention program that included three supervised aerobic and resistance exercise sessions per week targeting the upper and lower extremities. The participants' midcalves were scanned with multinuclear MRI two times prior to intervention (baseline and baseline) and once following intervention to measure relaxation times (T1, T1ρ, and T2), phosphocreatine recovery, fat fraction, and diffusion parameters. Read More

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September 2021

Efficacy and Safety of Different Aerobic Exercise Intensities in Patients With Heart Failure With Reduced Ejection Fraction: Design of a Multicenter Randomized Controlled Trial (HF-EI Trial).

Front Cardiovasc Med 2021 26;8:705972. Epub 2021 Aug 26.

Department of Rehabilitation, Tongji Hospital Affiliated to Tongji University, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.

Heart failure (HF) is one of the major causes of mortality worldwide, representing the terminal stage of several cardiovascular diseases. Exercise-based rehabilitation is a beneficial therapy for patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). However, there is a lack of specific guidance on clinical decision-making regarding optimal exercise intensity. Read More

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Exploring Ligand Binding to Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide Receptors.

Front Mol Biosci 2021 26;8:720561. Epub 2021 Aug 26.

Centre for Sport, Exercise and Life Sciences, Coventry University, Coventry, United Kingdom.

Class B1 G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) are important targets for many diseases, including cancer, diabetes, and heart disease. All the approved drugs for this receptor family are peptides that mimic the endogenous activating hormones. An understanding of how agonists bind and activate class B1 GPCRs is fundamental for the development of therapeutic small molecules. Read More

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Effectiveness of Propionyl-L-Carnitine Supplementation on Exercise Performance in Intermittent Claudication: A Systematic Review.

Cureus 2021 Aug 31;13(8):e17592. Epub 2021 Aug 31.

Medicine, Aureus University School of Medicine, Oranjestad, ABW.

Lower extremity peripheral artery disease (PAD) affects 8.5 million people in the United States and more than 200 million worldwide. The most significant risk factors for PAD are hyperlipidemia, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, chronic kidney disease, and smoking. Read More

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Predictors of improvement in resting heart rate after exercise training in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

Ir J Med Sci 2021 Sep 11. Epub 2021 Sep 11.

Institute of Health Sciences, Izmir Kâtip Celebi University, Izmir, Turkey.

Background: High resting heart rate (RHR) is associated with multiple morbidity in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients. Factors regarding the effectiveness of exercise training (ET) on RHR in COPD patients are unclear.

Aims: The main objective of the current study is to determine the predictors of the eventual change in RHR after ET. Read More

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September 2021

Spurred by pedometers, unity and fun exercise: A qualitative study of participation in rehabilitation for patients with intermittent claudication (The CIPIC Rehab study).

J Vasc Nurs 2021 Sep 29;39(3):59-66. Epub 2021 Jun 29.

Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen University Hospital, Denmark.

Aim: To explore how patients with intermittent claudication experiences participating in a community-based cardiovascular rehabilitation program and the various components of the rehabilitation program.

Background: Intermittent claudication is a condition associated with progressive atherosclerosis that affects daily life. Most patients with intermittent claudication do not exercise even though exercise is essential in the treatment of this condition. Read More

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September 2021

Computer Game-Based Telerehabilitation Platform Targeting Manual Dexterity: Exercise Is Fun. "You Are Kidding-Right?"

Sensors (Basel) 2021 Aug 27;21(17). Epub 2021 Aug 27.

College of Rehabilitation Science, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB R3T 5V6, Canada.

There is a need for innovation to improve the engagement and accessibility of rehabilitation programs for children and adults with upper extremity motor impairments due to neurodevelopmental disorders, acquired brain injuries, or spinal cord injuries. For this purpose, a computer game-based telerehabilitation platform (GTP) was developed to address this need. Through the application of a miniature inertial-based computer mouse and the wide variety of commercial computer games, the developed GTP can provide engaging task-specific exercises for the rehabilitation of manual dexterity (object handling and manipulation). Read More

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Gait Phase Estimation by Using LSTM in IMU-Based Gait Analysis-Proof of Concept.

Sensors (Basel) 2021 Aug 26;21(17). Epub 2021 Aug 26.

Health and Physical Activity, Department of Sport Science, Institute III, Otto von Guericke University Magdeburg, Zschokkestraße 32, 39104 Magdeburg, Germany.

Gait phase detection in IMU-based gait analysis has some limitations due to walking style variations and physical impairments of individuals. Therefore, available algorithms may not work properly when the gait data is noisy, or the person rarely reaches a steady state of walking. The aim of this work was to employ Artificial Intelligence (AI), specifically a long short-term memory (LSTM) algorithm, to overcome these weaknesses. Read More

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Is It Really Home-Based? A Commentary on the Necessity for Accurate Definitions across Exercise and Physical Activity Programmes.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 09 1;18(17). Epub 2021 Sep 1.

Institute of Health and Wellbeing, Coventry University, Coventry CV1 2DS, UK.

: There is wide discrepancy in how published research defines and reports home-based exercise programmes. Studies consisting of fundamentally different designs have been labelled as home-based, making searching for relevant literature challenging and time consuming. This issue has been further highlighted by an increased demand for these programmes following the COVID-19 pandemic and associated government-imposed lockdowns. Read More

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September 2021

Can Exercise Help Regulate Blood Pressure and Improve Functional Capacity of Older Women with Hypertension against the Deleterious Effects of Physical Inactivity?

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Aug 29;18(17). Epub 2021 Aug 29.

Sciences and Technology Department, Superior School of Education of Polytechnic Institute of Setubal, 2910-761 Setúbal, Portugal.

Background: Sedentarism and inactivity are risk factors for the development of hypertension. Thus, the prevention of the natural process of biological and physiological aging of older women through physical exercise results in higher benefits in preventing cardiovascular diseases and can be a key factor for its treatment. Multicomponent exercise (METP) is a training method that may help older women with hypertension by improving their quality of life and their response to treatment. Read More

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Is the Clinical Delivery of Cardiac Rehabilitation in an Australian Setting Associated with Changes in Physical Capacity and Cardiovascular Risk and Are Any Changes Maintained for 12 Months?

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Aug 25;18(17). Epub 2021 Aug 25.

Sport Innovation Research Group, Department of Health and Biostatistics, Swinburne University of Technology, Melbourne, VIC 3122, Australia.

Long-term maintenance of changes in cardiovascular risk factors and physical capacity once patients leave the supervised program environment have not previously been reported. This study investigated the changes in physical capacity outcomes and cardiovascular risk factors in an Australian cardiac rehabilitation setting, and the maintenance of changes in these outcomes in the 12 months following cardiac rehabilitation attendance. Improvements in mean (95% CI) cardiorespiratory fitness (16. Read More

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Multicomponent Physical Exercise Training in Multimorbid and Palliative Oldest Adults.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Aug 24;18(17). Epub 2021 Aug 24.

Emergency Department, ISABIAL, General University Hospital of Alicante, 03010 Alicante, Spain.

Exercise counteracts aging and pathology symptoms, but there is still scarce research on exercise programs for multimorbid and/or palliative old patients (MPO-Ps). In order to analyze whether the multicomponent physical-cognitive training is beneficial for this population, 17 MPO-Ps (81.59 ± 5. Read More

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Structured pain-free exercise progressively improves ankle-brachial index and walking ability in patients with claudication and compressible arteries: an observational study.

Intern Emerg Med 2021 Sep 9. Epub 2021 Sep 9.

Department of Neuroscience and Rehabilitation, University of Ferrara, Via Luigi Borsari 46, 44121, Ferrara, Italy.

In patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD), supervised exercise at near-moderate pain improves walking ability but not ankle-brachial index (ABI) values. In a retrospective observational study, we determined vascular and functional effects of a 6-month structured pain-free exercise program in patients with claudication and compressible vessels. Four-hundred and fifty-nine consecutive patients were studied. Read More

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September 2021

Effects of Photobiomodulation Therapy Combined with Exercise in Patients Who Have Chronic Low Back Pain: Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Trial.

Phys Ther 2021 Sep 2. Epub 2021 Sep 2.

Physiotherapy Department, Universidade Federal dos Vales do Jequitinhonha e Mucuri, Campus JK - Diamantina, Brazil.

Objective: Although commonly prescribed, exercise therapy alone is insufficient for the treatment of low back pain (LBP). Thus, studies recommend a combination of interventions. Photobiomodulation therapy (PBMT) involving low-level laser is an effective intervention for relieving LBP; however, scientific evidence on the effects of laser therapy combined with exercise therapy is scarce and contradictory. Read More

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September 2021

Resistance and aerobic exercise intervention during chemotherapy in patients with metastatic cancer: a pilot study in South Korea.

Ann Palliat Med 2021 Sep 2. Epub 2021 Sep 2.

Division of Medical Oncology, Department of Internal Medicine, Gil Medical Center, Gachon University College of Medicine, Incheon, South Korea.

Background: We investigated the feasibility and safety of an exercise intervention in patients with metastatic solid cancer.

Methods: Patients scheduled to receive first-line chemotherapy for metastatic cancer with a life expectancy of ≥4 months, no brain metastases, and no high risk of fracture were recruited to participate in a 12-week, combined resistance and aerobic exercise program consisting of supervised, hospital-based (2×/week) and home-based training (3×/week) during palliative chemotherapy. Feasibility and safety of the exercise intervention were the primary outcomes. Read More

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September 2021

Effects of a 12-Week Multimodal Exercise Intervention Among Older Patients with Advanced Cancer: Results from a Randomized Controlled Trial.

Oncologist 2021 Sep 8. Epub 2021 Sep 8.

Department of Hematology, Center for Cancer and Organ Diseases, Copenhagen University Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Background: Older patients with cancer are at risk of physical decline and impaired quality of life during oncological treatment. Exercise training has the potential to reduce these challenges. The study aim was to investigate the feasibility and effect of a multimodal exercise intervention in older patients with advanced cancer (stages III/IV). Read More

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September 2021

Effects of walking exercise training on learning and memory and hippocampal neuroimaging outcomes in MS: A targeted, pilot randomized controlled trial.

Contemp Clin Trials 2021 Sep 5:106563. Epub 2021 Sep 5.

University of Alabama at Birmingham, Department of Physical Therapy, Birmingham, AL, United States of America.

Purpose: The current pilot study involved a single-blind, randomized controlled trial (RCT) on the effects of treadmill walking exercise training compared with an active control condition on learning and memory (L/M) and hippocampal neuroimaging outcomes in 11 fully-ambulatory persons with multiple sclerosis (MS) who demonstrated impairments in new learning.

Methods: The study protocol is registered at clinicaltrials.gov: NCT03319771 (February 2018). Read More

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September 2021

A Randomized Trial Evaluating Exercise for the Prevention of Weight Regain.

Obesity (Silver Spring) 2021 Jan;29(1):62-70

Department of Internal Medicine, University of Kansas Medical Center, University of Kansas, Kansas City, Kansas, USA.

Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of three levels of exercise on weight regain subsequent to clinically meaningful weight loss (WL).

Methods: Adults with overweight or obesity (n = 298) initiated a 3-month behavioral WL intervention, which included reduced energy intake, increased exercise, and weekly behavioral counseling. Participants achieving ≥5% WL (n = 235) began a 12-month behavioral WL maintenance intervention and were randomized to 150 min/wk (n = 76), 225 min/wk (n = 80), or 300 min/wk (n = 79) of partially supervised moderate-to-vigorous-intensity exercise. Read More

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January 2021

Fidelity, tolerability and safety of acute high-intensity interval training after hospitalisation for COVID-19: a randomised cross-over trial.

BMJ Open Sport Exerc Med 2021 1;7(3):e001156. Epub 2021 Sep 1.

Centre for Physical Activity Research, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Objectives: Many patients with COVID-19 suffer from persistent symptoms, many of which may potentially be reversed by high-intensity interval training (HIIT). Yet, the safety and tolerability of HIIT after COVID-19 is controversial. This study aimed to investigate the fidelity, tolerability and safety of three different HIIT protocols in individuals that had recently been hospitalised due to COVID-19. Read More

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September 2021

Prognostic factors of total hip replacement during a 2-year period in participants enrolled in supervised education and exercise therapy: a prognostic study of 3657 participants with hip osteoarthritis.

Arthritis Res Ther 2021 Sep 7;23(1):235. Epub 2021 Sep 7.

Center for Muscle and Joint Health, Department of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, Campusvej 55, 5230, Odense M, Denmark.

Background: Evidence on prognostic factors associated with progression to total hip replacement (THR) in hip osteoarthritis (OA) is for the most patient- and disease-specific characteristics either conflicting or inconclusive. Therefore, the objectives of this study of participants with hip OA enrolled in a structured program of supervised education and exercise therapy were to describe the rate of THR and to identify prognostic factors for receiving THR within the following 2 years.

Methods: Participants aged ≥ 45 years with hip OA enrolled in Good Life with osteoArthritis in Denmark (GLA:D®) from July 2014 to March 2017 were included. Read More

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September 2021

Adverse Events During Supervised Exercise Interventions in Pediatric Oncology-A Nationwide Survey.

Front Pediatr 2021 19;9:682496. Epub 2021 Aug 19.

Department of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology, Pediatrics III, West German Cancer Center, University Hospital Essen, Essen, Germany.

Exercise interventions during and after treatment for pediatric cancer are associated with beneficial physical, psychological, and social effects. However, valid data about adverse events (AEs) of such interventions have rarely been evaluated. This retrospective study evaluates AEs that occurred during supervised oncological exercise programs for pediatric cancer patients and survivors. Read More

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Supervised exercise therapy compared with no exercise therapy to reverse debilitating effects of androgen deprivation therapy in patients with prostate cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Prostate Cancer Prostatic Dis 2021 Sep 6. Epub 2021 Sep 6.

Department of Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy, Copenhagen University Hospital, Hvidovre, Denmark.

Background: Androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) in patients with prostate cancer can have several debilitating side effects. Supervised exercise is recommended to ameliorate these negative effects.

Objective: To systematically evaluate the effect of supervised exercise therapy compared to no exercise therapy in patients with prostate cancer undergoing ADT, primarily according to the patient critical outcomes, 'disease-specific quality of life' and 'walking performance' measured at end of treatment. Read More

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September 2021

Diet quality and exercise in older veterans with PTSD: a pilot study.

Transl Behav Med 2021 Sep 6. Epub 2021 Sep 6.

Geriatric Research, Education and Clinical Center, VA Durham Healthcare System, Durham, NC, USA.

Older veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are at increased risk of obesity and cardiometabolic disease. Physical activity and healthy eating are two behaviors that impact health, functional independence, and disease risk in later life, yet few studies have examined the relationship between PTSD and diet quality. This secondary analysis aimed to: (a) characterize the diet quality of older veterans with PTSD in comparison to U. Read More

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September 2021