J Endocrinol Invest 2021 Apr 11;44(4):679-691. Epub 2020 Aug 11.
Thyroid Unit, Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Hospital das Clínicas, School of Medicine, Universidade de São Paulo, Av. Dr. Eneas de Carvalho Aguiar, 155, 8th floor, bl 3, PAMb, São Paulo, 05403-900, Brazil.
Goiters tend to grow slowly and steadily over many years, occasionally reaching the mediastinum and extending through the thoracic inlet into the visceral compartment. In most cases, retrosternal goiters originate from the cervical portion of the thyroid. The incidence of retrosternal goiters varies considerably, ranging from 0. Read More