526 results match your criteria subgenus groups


Rapid radiation and rampant reticulation: Phylogenomics of South American Liolaemus lizards.

Syst Biol 2021 Jul 14. Epub 2021 Jul 14.

Department of Biology & Burke Museum of Natural History and Culture, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA.

Understanding the factors that cause heterogeneity among gene trees can increase the accuracy of species trees. Discordant signals across the genome are commonly produced by incomplete lineage sorting (ILS) and introgression, which in turn can result in reticulate evolution. Species tree inference using the multispecies coalescent is designed to deal with ILS and is robust to low levels of introgression, but extensive introgression violates the fundamental assumption that relationships are strictly bifurcating. Read More

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Systematics, distribution and morphology of the newt parasitic water mites of the subgenus Lurchibates Goldschmidt amp; Fu, 2011 (Acari, Hydrachnidia, Hygrobatidae, Hygrobates Koch, 1837), including the description of four new species and a key to all so far known species.

Zootaxa 2021 Jun 11;4985(1):136. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Science Research Center, Hosei University. Fujimi 2-17-1, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 102-8160, Japan..

Four new water mite species of the genus Hygrobates, subgenus Lurchibates (Acari, Hydrachnidia, Hygrobatidae) are described. Hygrobates (Lurchibates) macrochela sp. nov. Read More

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Chemical Variability of Peel and Leaf Essential Oils in the Subgenus (Swingle) and Few Relatives.

Plants (Basel) 2021 May 31;10(6). Epub 2021 May 31.

UMR AGAP Institut, Université Montpellier, CIRAD, INRAE, Institut Agro, 20230 San Giuliano, France.

The   subgenus includes several species belonging to two genetically distinct groups, containing mostly little-exploited wild forms of citrus. However, little is known about the potentially large and novel aromatic diversity contained in these wild citruses. In this study, we characterized and compared the essential oils obtained from peels and leaves from representatives of both groups, and three related hybrids. Read More

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Historical biogeography, systematics, and integrative taxonomy of the non-Ethiopian speckled pelage brush-furred rats (Lophuromys flavopunctatus group).

BMC Ecol Evol 2021 05 19;21(1):89. Epub 2021 May 19.

State Key Laboratory of Genetic Resources and Evolution, Kunming Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming, China.

Background: The speckled-pelage brush-furred rats (Lophuromys flavopunctatus group) have been difficult to define given conflicting genetic, morphological, and distributional records that combine to obscure meaningful accounts of its taxonomic diversity and evolution. In this study, we inferred the systematics, phylogeography, and evolutionary history of the L. flavopunctatus group using maximum likelihood and Bayesian phylogenetic inference, divergence times, historical biogeographic reconstruction, and morphometric discriminant tests. Read More

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Tachyporinae Revisited: Phylogeny, Evolution, and Higher Classification Based on Morphology, with Recognition of a New Rove Beetle Subfamily (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae).

Authors:
Shûhei Yamamoto

Biology (Basel) 2021 Apr 13;10(4). Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Integrative Research Center, Field Museum of Natural History, 1400 S Lake Shore Drive, Chicago, IL 60605, USA.

Tachyporinae are one of the most phylogenetically problematic subfamilies in the mega-diverse rove beetle family Staphylinidae. Despite its high diversity and abundance in forest micro-environments, with over 1600 species worldwide, several previous studies had refuted the monophyly of this subfamily and its largest tribe, Tachyporini. Based on the results of morphology-based phylogenetic analyses and direct examination of specimens encompassing two extinct and all forty extant genera, a new suprageneric classification of Tachyporinae is proposed here, with the removal of the tribe Mycetoporini into a newly recognized subfamily Mycetoporinae stat. Read More

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Taxonomy of the North Moroccan and Iberian species of the subgenus Amblypteraca/ (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae: Pimeliinae: Pimelia/).

Zootaxa 2021 Apr 20;4963(3):zootaxa.4963.3.4. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Departamento de Biodiversidad y Biología Evolutiva, Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales (MNCN-CSIC), c/ José Gutiérrez Abascal 2, 28006-Madrid, Spain. Centro de Investigación en Biodiversidad y Cambio Global CIBC-UAM, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, c/Darwin 2, 28049-Madrid, Spain..

The subgenus Amblypteraca Mas-Peinado, Buckley, Ruiz García-París, 2018 of Pimelia Fabricius, 1775, is restricted to the southern Iberian Peninsula and western Maghreb (northern and western Morocco). The distribution of Amblypteraca throughout the African-European edges overlaps largely with the geographic range of the subgenus Amblyptera, which is sister to the clade grouping subgenera Amblypteraca and Ecphoroma Solier, 1836. Delimiting species boundaries in the speciose genus Pimelia is often challenging, and the taxonomic status of some groups within the aforementioned subgenera is still a matter of debate. Read More

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Revision of the genus Dziriblatta/ Chopard, 1936 (Blattodea, Ectobiidae, Ectobiinae). III. The species of the subgenus Dziriblatta/.

Authors:
Horst Bohn

Zootaxa 2021 Apr 22;4964(2):zootaxa.4964.2.1. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Zoologische Staatssammlung München, Münchhausenstraße 21, 81247 München, Germany..

The present paper is the third part of a revision of the genus Dziriblatta and treats the nominal subgenus Dziriblatta and its species. The subgenus contains 10 species of which 8 are new to science. The species can be distributed to two species groups: the bolivari-species group with Dz. Read More

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Rhizosphere Microbiomes in a Historical Maize-Soybean Rotation System Respond to Host Species and Nitrogen Fertilization at the Genus and Subgenus Levels.

Appl Environ Microbiol 2021 05 26;87(12):e0313220. Epub 2021 May 26.

Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, Nebraska, USA.

Root-associated microbes are key players in plant health, disease resistance, and nitrogen (N) use efficiency. It remains largely unclear how the interplay of biological and environmental factors affects rhizobiome dynamics in agricultural systems. In this study, we quantified the composition of rhizosphere and bulk soil microbial communities associated with maize (Zea mays L. Read More

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New Latrunculiidae (Demospongiae, Poecilosclerida) from the Agulhas ecoregion of temperate southern Africa.

Zootaxa 2020 Dec 22;4896(3):zootaxa.4896.3.4. Epub 2020 Dec 22.

Department of Environment, Forestry and Fisheries: Oceans and Coasts Research, Private Bag X4390, Cape Town, 8001, South Africa. Department of Biodiversity and Conservation, Faculty of Natural Sciences, University of the Western Cape, Private Bag X17, Bellville 7535, South Africa. Department of Biological Sciences, University of Cape Town, Private Bag X3, Rondebosch, 7701, Cape Town, South Africa..

Sixteen species of Latrunculiidae Topsent, 1922, belonging to the genera Latrunculia du Bocage, 1869, Strongylodesma Lévi, 1969, Cyclacanthia Samaai Kelly, 2004, Samaai Kelly, 2002, are currently known from the temperate waters of South Africa. Extensive new sponge collections from the Amathole region of South Africa revealed the existence of three new species of Tsitsikamma, T. amatholensis sp. Read More

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December 2020

A monograph of the genus Maladera Mulsant amp; Rey, 1871 of China (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Melolonthinae: Sericini).

Zootaxa 2021 Feb 3;4922(1):zootaxa.4922.1.1. Epub 2021 Feb 3.

Zoologisches Forschungsmuseum A. Koenig, Adenauerallee 160, 53113 Bonn, Germany..

In the present monograph, the taxonomy of the species of the genus Maladera Mulsant Rey, 1871 from China is revised. We recorded 224 valid species for China, including 152 species new to science: Maladera allonitens Ahrens, Fabrizi Liu, sp. n. Read More

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February 2021

A new species of Dichagyris Lederer, 1857 from China (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae).

Zootaxa 2021 Feb 16;4927(4):zootaxa.4927.4.11. Epub 2021 Feb 16.

H-3530 Miskolc, Mélyvölgy 13/A, Hungary..

Dichagyris is a diverse genus with a Holarctic distribution. Only a few taxa of the subgenus Albocosta Fibiger Lafontaine, 1997 occur in the northwesternmost part of the Oriental region. The genus is most diverse in Turkey, Iran and the Central Asiatic high mountains. Read More

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February 2021

Molecular phylogeny, historical biogeography and revised classification of andrenine bees (Hymenoptera: Andrenidae).

Mol Phylogenet Evol 2021 Mar 16:107151. Epub 2021 Mar 16.

Canadian National Collection of Insects, Arachnids and Nematodes, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, 960 Carling Ave., Ottawa, Ontario, K1A 0C6, Canada. Electronic address:

The mining bee subfamily Andreninae (Hymenoptera: Andrenidae) is a widely distributed and diverse group of ground-nesting solitary bees, including numerous species known to be important pollinators. Most of the species diversity of Andreninae is concentrated in the mainly Holarctic genus Andrena, comprising ca. 1550 described species. Read More

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Analysis of genetic relationships of genotypes of the genus Rosa L. from the collection of Nikita Botanical Gardens using ISSR and IRAP DNA markers.

Vavilovskii Zhurnal Genet Selektsii 2020 Aug;24(5):474-480

Order of the Red Banner of Labour Nikita Botanical Gardens - National Scientific Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Yalta, Republic of the Crimea, Russia.

In connection with the development of breeding and the creation of new plant varieties, the problem of their genotyping and identification is becoming increasingly important, therefore the use of molecular methods to identify genetic originality and assess plant genetic diversity appears to be relevant. As part of the work performed, informative ISSR and IRAP DNA markers promising for the study of genetic diversity of the Rosa L. genus were sought and applied to analysis of genetic relationships among 26 accessions of the genus Rosa L. Read More

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A phylogenomic approach resolves the backbone of Prunus (Rosaceae) and identifies signals of hybridization and allopolyploidy.

Mol Phylogenet Evol 2021 Jul 18;160:107118. Epub 2021 Feb 18.

Department of Botany, National Museum of Natural History, MRC 166, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC 20013-7012, USA.

The genus Prunus, which contains 250-400 species, has ample genomic resources for the economically important taxa in the group including cherries, peaches, and almonds. However, the backbone of Prunus, specifically the position of the racemose group relative to the solitary and corymbose groups, remains phylogenetically uncertain. Surprisingly, phylogenomic analyses to resolve relationships in the genus are lacking. Read More

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A new species of Grillotia Guiart, 1927 (Cestoda: Trypanorhyncha) from the spotted skate, Raja straeleni Poll, in South Africa.

Parasitol Int 2021 Jun 15;82:102307. Epub 2021 Feb 15.

Water Research Group, Unit for Environmental Sciences and Management, Potchefstroom Campus, North-West University, 11 Hofmann Street, Potchefstroom 2520, South Africa; South African Shark Conservancy, Old Harbour, 22 Marine Drive, Hermanus 7200, South Africa.

A new species of Grillotia Guiart, 1927 was recovered from the spotted skate (Raja straeleni Poll) from the south coast of the Western Cape, South Africa. Grillotia sasciae n. sp. Read More

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Biogeography and genome size evolution of the oldest extant vascular plant genus, Equisetum (Equisetaceae).

Ann Bot 2021 04;127(5):681-695

Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond, UK.

Background And Aims: Extant plant groups with a long fossil history are key elements in understanding vascular plant evolution. Horsetails (Equisetum, Equisetaceae) have a nearly continuous fossil record dating back to the Carboniferous, but their phylogenetic and biogeographic patterns are still poorly understood. We use here the most extensive phylogenetic analysis to date as a framework to evaluate their age, biogeography and genome size evolution. Read More

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A genetic element in the SARS-CoV-2 genome is shared with multiple insect species.

J Gen Virol 2021 03 11;102(3). Epub 2021 Jan 11.

Centre for Laboratory Medicine, Østfold Hospital Trust, Norway.

SARS-CoV-2 is a member of the subgenus Sarbecovirus and thus contains the genetic element s2m. We have extensively mined nucleotide data in GenBank in order to obtain a comprehensive list of s2m sequences both in the four virus families where s2m has previously been described and in other groups of organisms. Surprisingly, there seems to be a xenologue of s2m in a large number of insect species. Read More

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Towards a comprehensive taxonomic revision of the Neotropical dung beetle subgenus Deltochilum (Deltohyboma) Lane, 1946 (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Scarabaeinae): Division into species-groups.

PLoS One 2021 6;16(1):e0244657. Epub 2021 Jan 6.

Departamento de Biologia e Zoologia, Instituto de Biociências, Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso, Cuiabá, Mato Grosso, Brazil.

Deltochilum Eschscholtz, 1822 is perhaps the most speciose genus of the tribe Deltochilini sensu Tarasov & Dimitrov (2016) (Scarabaeidae: Scarabaeinae) and has been traditionally divided into eight subgenera. Among them, the subgenus Deltohyboma Lane, 1946, is the most speciose with 47 species, five of which are described here (D. genieri sp. Read More

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The first phylogenetic study of sword-tail crickets from China inferred from COI, 18S and 28S genes, with the establishment of two new genera and description of one new species (Orthoptera: Grylloidea: Trigonidiidae).

Zootaxa 2020 Dec 1;4890(1):zootaxa.4890.1.7. Epub 2020 Dec 1.

Museum of Biology, School of Life Sciences, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241, China. Yangtze Delta Estuarine Wetland Ecosystem Observation and Research Station, Ministry of Education Shanghai Science and Technology Committee, Shanghai, China.

The phylogenetic tree of Chinese Trigonidiinae species was reconstructed based on one mitochondrial fragment (COI) and two nuclear ribosomal loci (18S and 28S). According to the concatenated trees, we define four genus groups with high nodal supports. The subgenus Paratrigonidium should be upgraded to genus status. Read More

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December 2020

Karyotype and DNA barcode of () (Staudinger, 1899) from its type locality: implication for taxonomic and evolutionary research in blue butterflies (Lepidoptera, Lycaenidae).

Comp Cytogenet 2020 17;14(4):567-575. Epub 2020 Nov 17.

Department of Karyosystematics, Zoological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Universitetskaya nab. 1, St. Petersburg 199034, Russia Zoological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences St. Petersburg Russia.

Chromosomal and molecular analyses of rapidly evolving organisms such as Latreille, 1804 blue butterflies are essential for understanding their taxonomy and evolutionary history, and the studies of populations from their type localities are crucially important for resolving problems of nomenclature and species identity. Here we present data on the topotypical population of the blue butterfly species described as Lycaena damone var. cyanea Staudinger, 1899. Read More

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November 2020

Zombie-ant fungi cross continents: II. Myrmecophilous hymenostilboid species and a novel zombie lineage.

Mycologia 2020 Nov-Dec;112(6):1138-1170. Epub 2020 Nov 4.

Department of Entomology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park , Pennsylvania, 16802.

species infecting ants are globally distributed, with diversity concentrated in the tropics and decreasing with increasing latitude. Among these myrmecophilous species, the ones exhibiting the ability to manipulate host behavior, the so-called "zombie-ant fungi" of the clade, have been studied progressively over the last decade. However, we know very little about other myrmecophilous groups, such as species within the subgenus . Read More

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November 2020

Revision of Pazala Moore, 1888: The Graphium (Pazala) alebion and G. (P.) tamerlanus Groups, with Notes on Taxonomic and Distribution Confusions (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae).

Zootaxa 2020 Apr 1;4759(1):zootaxa.4759.1.5. Epub 2020 Apr 1.

School of Agriculture, Yunnan University, Kunming, 650500, China.

Three Graphium species belonging to two species groups of the subgenus Pazala, the alebion and tamerlanus groups, were examined in molecular and morphological studies, and their female genitalia are reported for the first time. Their relationship with other species groups within the subgenus is assessed and their divergence times are estimated. We find that G. Read More

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Revision of the Palaearctic and Oriental representatives of Lachnocrepis LeConte and Oodes Bonelli (Coleoptera: Carabidae), with special account on Chinese species.

Zootaxa 2020 Sep 8;4850(1):zootaxa.4850.1.1. Epub 2020 Sep 8.

National Museum of Natural History, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1 Blvd. Tsar Osvoboditel, 1000 Sofia, Bulgaria..

In order to investigate the Chinese representatives from two genera of the tribe Oodini LaFerté-Sénectère, 1851, twenty-three Palaearctic and Oriental species of the genera Lachnocrepis LeConte, 1853 and Oodes Bonelli, 1810 are taxonomically reviewed. Because the species in question share a high degree of morphological similarity they are grouped in the "Oodes generic group". The character-analysis showed that seven species belong to Oodes, including five species to Oodes s. Read More

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September 2020

A review of the subgenus Delineatia Volynkin amp; Huang, 2019 of the genus Ammatho Walker, 1855, with descriptions of two new species from Taiwan and Vietnam (Lepidoptera, Erebidae, Arctiinae, Lithosiini).

Zootaxa 2020 Jun 18;4801(2):zootaxa.4801.2.2. Epub 2020 Jun 18.

Altai State University, Lenina Avenue, 61, RF-656049, Barnaul, Russia. National Research Tomsk State University, Lenina Avenue, 36, RF-634050, Tomsk, Russia.

The subgenus Delineatia Volynkin Huang, 2019 of the genus Ammatho Walker, 1855 is reviewed. The subgenus is subdivided into the A. delineata and the A. Read More

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Taxonomy and evolution of asymmetric male genitalia in the subgenus
Ashima Chen (Diptera: Drosophilidae: Phortica Schiner), with descriptions
of seven new species.

Zootaxa 2020 Jun 8;4789(1):zootaxa.4789.1.1. Epub 2020 Jun 8.

Hokkaido University Museum, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-0810, Japan.

The taxonomy of the subgenus Ashima of the genus Phortica is revised. A cladistic analysis of 66 morphological characters is conducted, covering 35 species (28 known and 7 new species: Phortica efragmentata sp. nov. Read More

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Review of the leafhopper genus Anaceratagallia Zachvatkin, 1946 (Homoptera: Auchenorrhyncha: Cicadellidae: Megophthalminae: Agalliini) from Russia, Kazakhstan, and Central Asia.

Zootaxa 2020 Jul 31;4821(2):zootaxa.4821.2.2. Epub 2020 Jul 31.

Department of Entomology, Faculty of Biology, M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Vorobyevy Gory, Moscow, 119234 Russia..

In Russia, Kazakhstan, and Central Asia the genus Anaceratagallia includes 14 species from two subgenera; all species except one belong to the nominotypical subgenus and can be classified into four groups according to the structure of male genitalia. The illustrated descriptions for all species are given, with male calling signal oscillograms provided for nine species. Ten new synonyms are established. Read More

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Review of Oculogaster Kluge 2016 (Ephemeroptera, Baetidae, Procloeon Bengtsson 1915).

Authors:
Nikita J Kluge

Zootaxa 2020 Jul 29;4820(3):zootaxa.4820.3.1. Epub 2020 Jul 29.

Department of Entomology, Saint Petersburg State University, Universitetskaya nab., 7/9, Saint Petersburg, 199034, Russia..

The subgenus Oculogaster Kluge 2016 is divided into two species groups: the «African group» includes Procloeon (Oculogaster) cylindroculum Kimmins 1956, P. (O.) barnardi sp. Read More

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Phylogenetic relationships of closely-related phlebotomine sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) of Nyssomyia genus and Lutzomyia subgenus.

Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 2020 14;115:e200220. Epub 2020 Sep 14.

Ministerio de Salud de la Nación, Administración Nacional de Laboratorios e Institutos de Salud Dr Carlos G Malbrán-ANLIS, Instituto Nacional de Medicina Tropical, Puerto Iguazú, Misiones, Argentina.

Background: The Nyssomyia genus and Lutzomyia subgenus include medical important species that are Latin American leishmaniases vectors. Little is known about the phylogenetic relationships of closely-related species in each of these taxonomic groups that are morphologically indistinguishable or differentiated by very subtle details.

Objectives: We inferred the phylogenetic relationships of closely-related species within both the Nyssomyia genus and the Lutzomyia subgenus using a cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI) fragment. Read More

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September 2020

An Attempt to Reconstruct the Phylogeny of the Hipposideros Leaf-nosed Bats Based on Nuclear Gene Markers.

Dokl Biol Sci 2020 Jul 7;493(1):136-140. Epub 2020 Sep 7.

Zoological Museum, Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia.

The genus Hipposideros is one of the largest bat genera. The latest research on its Asian representatives has been done only with mitochondrial or sole nuclear markers. In the present study we compare the results of phylogenetic reconstructions, based on mitochondrial, on single nuclear genes and on multiple nuclear markers analyzed using the MRP algorithm (Matrix representation with parsimony) for representative species from all the main species groups. Read More

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Molecular Correlation between Larval, Deutonymph and Adult Stages of the Water Mite .

Life (Basel) 2020 Jul 9;10(7). Epub 2020 Jul 9.

Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, CSIC. C/José Gutiérrez Abascal, 2, 28006 Madrid, Spain.

The systematics of many groups of organisms has been based on the adult stage. Morphological transformations that occur during development from the embryonic to the adult stage make it difficult (or impossible) to identify a juvenile (larval) stage in some species. Hydrachnidia (Acari, Actinotrichida, which inhabit mainly continental waters) are characterized by three main active stages-larval, deutonymph and adult-with intermediate dormant stages. Read More

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