802 results match your criteria subcutaneous tunnel

Case Report on Sleeve Avulsion of Patella in Young Adult.

J Orthop Case Rep 2021 Mar;11(3):94-97

Department of Orthopaedics, Orthocare Accident Hospital and Research Centre, Nandgaon Road, Manmad, District -Nashik, Maharashtra State, India.

Introduction: Sleeve avulsion of patella is extremely rare, limited almost to children. However, few cases have been reported in adults. Rarity of this fracture makes the diagnosis and choice of treatment difficult. Read More

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The Intraseptal Course of the Superficial Peroneal Nerve: An Anatomic Study[Formula: see text].

Foot Ankle Int 2021 Jun 19:10711007211002508. Epub 2021 Jun 19.

Service de Chirurgie Orthopédique et Traumatologie de l'appareil locomoteur Hôpitaux Universitaires de Genève, Geneva, Switzerland.

Background: Anatomic and clinical studies show many variants of the superficial peroneal nerve (SPN) course and branching within the compartments and at the suprafascial layer. The anatomy of the transition zone from the compartment to the subcutaneous layer has been occasionally described in the literature, mainly in studies reporting the intraseptal SPN variant in 6.6% to 13. Read More

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In Situ Neurolysis of Ulnar Nerve for Patients With Failed Anterior Subcutaneous Transposition - A Case Series.

Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown) 2021 Jun 7. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, College of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Background: Various surgical techniques have been attempted to treat patients with failed anterior subcutaneous transposition performed for cubital tunnel syndrome.

Objective: To analyze intraoperative findings of failed anterior subcutaneous transposition and to report the outcome of in Situ neurolysis of ulnar nerve.

Methods: Patients who, under diagnosis of failed anterior subcutaneous transposition of ulnar nerve, underwent in Situ neurolysis between 2001 and 2018 were included in this study. Read More

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A new clinically-relevant rat model of letrozole-induced chronic nociceptive disorders.

Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 2021 08 1;425:115600. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Université Clermont Auvergne, INSERM U1107, NEURO-DOL, CHU Clermont-Ferrand, Direction de la recherche clinique et de l'innovation, F-63000 Clermont-Ferrand, France. Electronic address:

Among postmenopausal women with estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer, more than 80% receive hormone therapy including aromatase inhibitors (AIs). Half of them develop chronic arthralgia - characterized by symmetric articular pain, carpal tunnel syndrome, morning stiffness, myalgia and a decrease in grip strength - which is associated with treatment discontinuation. Only a few animal studies have linked AI treatment to nociception, and none to arthralgia. Read More

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Extra-articular migration of PEEK interference screw after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: a report of two cases.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2021 May 29;22(1):498. Epub 2021 May 29.

Department of Joint Surgery, Ningbo No.6 Hospital, No.1059 Zhongshan road, Yinzhou District, Zhejiang, 315000, Ningbo, People's Republic of China.

Background: The interference screw is the most popular device that fixes the graft for anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction, reducing the incidence of windshield effect and bungee effect. For the screw, either metallic, "bioresorbable," or polyetheretherketone (PEEK) material is available. PEEK is popular and extensively used due to its stability, biocompatibility, radiolucency, and elastic modulus. Read More

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Epineurotomy for leprous, high ulnar neuropathy: defining a safe corridor based on the epineural vascular anatomy.

Int Orthop 2021 07 24;45(7):1783-1792. Epub 2021 May 24.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, The Maulana Azad Medical College & Associated Lok Nayak Hospital, New Delhi, 110002, India.

Background: Leprous neuropathy is treatable but still a source of disability worldwide. Multidrug therapy (MDT) and oral steroids are the main stay of treatment. Ulnar nerve, at the elbow, is commonly involved. Read More

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Clinical outcomes of transposed brachial-basilic vein fistula: Tunneling versus elevation.

J Vasc Access 2021 May 22:11297298211018076. Epub 2021 May 22.

Division of Transplantation and Vascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, Kyungpook National University Hospital, Kyungpook National University School of Medicine, Daegu, Korea.

Background: The Kidney Disease Outcome Quality Initiative (KDOQI) suggests a transposed brachial basilic vein fistula (TBBVF) in the patients who have good likelihood of long-term survival. To superficialize the basilic vein, a disconnected basilic vein is anterolaterally transposed inside a subcutaneous tunnel. A simple elevation in situ is an alternative technique. Read More

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Electrospray Mediated Localized and Targeted Chemotherapy in a Mouse Model of Lung Cancer.

Front Pharmacol 2021 20;12:643492. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Pulmonary Medicine, University Hospital Bern, Bern, Switzerland.

An advanced stage, centrally localized invasive tumor is a major cause of sudden death in lung cancer patients. Currently, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, laser ablation, or surgical resection if possible are the available state-of-the-art treatments but none of these guarantee remedy or long-term relief and are often associated with fatal complications. Allowing localized chemotherapy, by direct and confined drug delivery only at the tumor site, could be a promising option for preoperative down staging or palliative therapy. Read More

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Reconstruction of soft tissue defects around the Achilles region with distally based extended peroneal artery perforator flap.

Injury 2021 Jul 7;52(7):1985-1992. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Acibadem Mehmet Ali Aydinlar University School of Medicine, Department of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery, Istanbul, Turkey.

Introduction: Achilles tendon rupture and soft tissue infections with wound dehiscence and tendon exposure following the tendon repair are not infrequent. Various procedures have been described for the reconstruction of soft tissue defects at the Achilles tendon region, yet there is lack of consensus on the ideal method. In this article we report our experience using the distally based peroneal artery perforator flap in reconstruction of combined defects of the Achilles tendon and overlying soft tissue. Read More

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Fascial Epicondylar Augmentation in Cases of Cubital Tunnel Syndrome With Ulnar Nerve Instability.

Tech Hand Up Extrem Surg 2020 Dec 18. Epub 2020 Dec 18.

*Microsurgery Centre of Latvia †Faculty of Medicine, Riga Stradiņš University, Latvia, European Union.

Cubital tunnel syndrome (CubTS) is one of the most common compression-traction neuropathy in the upper extremity. The gold standard is simple in situ decompression with revision of potential compression sites through skin incision as small as rationally possible. Properly conducted conservative treatment is more effective in CubTS as opposed to carpal tunnel syndrome. Read More

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December 2020

Effect of infrainguinal bypass tunneling technique on patency and amputation in patients with limb ischemia.

J Vasc Surg 2021 Apr 15. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Division of Vascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, Calif. Electronic address:

Objective: We investigated the association of tunneling technique on patency and amputation in patients undergoing lower extremity bypass for limb ischemia.

Methods: The National Vascular Quality Initiative database infrainguinal bypass module from 2008 to 2017 was queried for analysis. We excluded cases with non-great saphenous vein grafts, grafts using multiple segments, aneurysmal disease indications, bypass locations outside the femoral to below the knee popliteal artery or tibial arteries, and missing data on tunneling type and limb ischemia. Read More

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Safety of an improved pediatric epidural tunneling technique for catheter shear.

Paediatr Anaesth 2021 Jul 25;31(7):770-777. Epub 2021 Apr 25.

Department of Anesthesiology, Sapporo Medical University School of Medicine, Sapporo, Japan.

Background: Epidural tunneling could help with prolonged catheterization and be effective in preventing infection and dislodgement. However, epidural tunneling techniques carry a risk of catheter shear or needlestick injuries.

Aims: This study aimed to examine the safety of our epidural tunneling technique in terms of catheter shear. Read More

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Tunneling technique of PICCs and Midline catheters.

J Vasc Access 2021 Mar 16:11297298211002579. Epub 2021 Mar 16.

Vascular Access Team, A&E Department, ASST Provincia di Lodi, Lodi, Italy.

Background: The tunneling technique is currently widely used for placement of CVC. Recently, some clinicians have used this technique for peripherally inserted central catheters (PICC), or Midline catheters (MCs).

Objective: To describe a safe antegrade tunneling technique for PICCs and MCs insertion with a blunt tunneler. Read More

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Using breath δC analysis to determine the effects of dietary carbohydrate and protein on glucose and leucine oxidation at rest in the yellow-rumped warbler (Setophaga coronata).

Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol 2021 Jun 11;256:110936. Epub 2021 Mar 11.

Department of Biology, Advanced Facility for Avian Research, University of Western Ontario, London, ON N6A5B7, Canada.

Fat is the major fuel for migratory flight of birds, but protein is also catabolized. Flight range could be reduced if protein is used too quickly from muscles and organs, and it is important to understand factors that influence protein catabolism. Previous correlative studies suggested high protein diets may increase protein use in flight, although a wind tunnel study with yellow-rumped warblers (Setophaga coronata) did not support this relationship. Read More

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In Site Placement vs. Anterior Transposition of the Ulnar Nerve for Distal Humerus Fractures Treated with Plate Fixation: A Multi Centre Randomized Controlled Trial.

J Orthop Trauma 2021 06 8. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Division of Orthopaedics, Department of Surgery, University of Western Ontario, London, Canada

Objectives: To compare clinical scores and electrodiagnostic evidence of ulnar neuropathy, between ulnar nerve mobilization and placement back in the cubital tunnel versus anterior transposition, during plate and screw fixation of a bicolumnar fracture of the distal humerus.

Design: Multi-centre randomized controlled trial.

Setting: Eight tertiary care centres in Canada. Read More

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Supraretinacular endoscopic carpal tunnel release: A safe alternative method for treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome.

J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong) 2021 Jan-Apr;29(1):2309499021993407

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, 12833Iwate Medical University, Idaidori, Yahaba-cho, Shiwa-Gun, Iwate, Japan.

Purpose: Supraretinacular endoscopic carpal tunnel release (SRECTR) is a technique in which an endoscope is inserted superficial to the flexor retinaculum through a subcutaneous tunnel. The benefits of this method include a clear view for the surgeon and absence of median nerve compression. Surgeons can operate with a familiar view of the flexor retinaculum and median nerve downward, similar to open surgery. Read More

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Single incision, minimally invasive fasciotomy of the anterior and lateral leg compartments with decompression of the superficial peroneal nerve.

Foot Ankle Surg 2021 Feb 16. Epub 2021 Feb 16.

Private Practice, 215 Hutt Street, Adelaide, SA, Australia.

Background: There is a considerable overlap of symptoms between chronic exertional compartment syndrome (CECS) of the anterior and lateral compartments of the lower leg and entrapment neuropathy of the superficial peroneal nerve (SPN). We describe a minimally invasive, single incision surgical technique for release of both the compartments and the SPN in the same setting. The operative technique involves a minimal anterolateral approach at the level where the SPN pierces the subcutaneous fascia. Read More

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February 2021

[Research progress of contralateral C nerve root transfer via prevertebral pathway].

Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi 2021 Feb;35(2):265-268

Department of Burn and Plastic Surgery, Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical University, Zunyi Guizhou, 563003, P.R.China.

Objective: To review the research progress on the establishment of prevertebral pathway in the treatment of unilateral total brachial plexus injury, cerebral palsy, stroke, and traumatic brain injury by contralateral C nerve root transfer.

Methods: The literature about contralateral C nerve root transfer via prevertebral pathway at home and abroad was extensively reviewed, and the development, changes, advantages and disadvantages of various operation methods were analyzed and summarized.

Results: After unilateral total brachial plexus injury, cerebral palsy, stroke, and traumatic brain injury, it can be repaired by a variety of surgical methods of the contralateral C nerve root transfer via prevertebral pathway, which include the anterior subcutaneous tissue tunnel of the vertebral body, the passage under the sternocleidomastoid muscle, the posterior pharyngeal space and the anterior vertebral fascia passage, the modified posterior esophageal anterior vertebral passage, the anterior vertebral passage that cuts off the bilateral anterior scalene, and Huashan anterior pathway, . Read More

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February 2021

Ventricular Assist Device-Specific Infections.

J Clin Med 2021 Jan 25;10(3). Epub 2021 Jan 25.

Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, The Alfred Hospital, Monash University, Prahran, Melbourne, VIC 3004, Australia.

Ventricular assist device (VAD)-specific infections, in particular, driveline infections, are a concerning complication of VAD implantation that often results in significant morbidity and even mortality. The presence of a percutaneous driveline at the skin exit-site and in the subcutaneous tunnel allows biofilm formation and migration by many bacterial and fungal pathogens. Biofilm formation is an important microbial strategy, providing a shield against antimicrobial treatment and human immune responses; biofilm migration facilitates the extension of infection to deeper tissues such as the pump pocket and the bloodstream. Read More

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January 2021

The pedicled anterolateral thigh flap for trochanteric pressure sore reconstruction: Technical notes to optimize surgical outcomes.

Mahmoud A Hifny

Arch Plast Surg 2021 Jan 15;48(1):114-120. Epub 2021 Jan 15.

Department of Plastic Surgery, Qena University Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, South Valley University, Qena, Egypt.

Background: The pedicled anterolateral thigh (ALT) flap has become more popular for the reconstruction of soft-tissue defects in neighboring areas. Nonetheless, few studies in the literature have explored the use of this flap for trochanteric ulcer reconstruction. The aim of our study is to present the author's experience of utilizing the ALT flap, with a focus on technical elements regarding the flap design and the tunneling method to maximize the reach of the flap. Read More

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January 2021

Improved Function of Orbicularis Oculi by Dynamic Transfer of Contralateral Orbicularis Oculi Muscle in Patients with Facial Palsy.

Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol 2020 Jul-Sep;27(3):160-163. Epub 2020 Oct 30.

Department of Ophthalmology, Poostchi Ophthalmology Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to introduce the results of a new surgical technique in patients with complete facial nerve palsy using the dynamic muscle transfer of orbicularis oculi muscle (OOM) flap from the contralateral side.

Methods: This case series presents a new surgical technique in three patients with complete facial palsy and lagophthalmos who were unresponsive to other modalities. In this technique, a rectangular flap of OOM was dissected from the upper lid of fellow eye and transferred to the affected eye through a subcutaneous tunnel over the nasal bridge. Read More

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January 2021

Is angular artery trauma seen frequently in lateral osteotomy and responsible for peri-orbital ecchymosis?

J Laryngol Otol 2020 Dec;134(12):1094-1095

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey.

Objective: This study was performed on fresh frozen cadavers to investigate the role of angular artery damage.

Methods: Lateral osteotomies ('high-low-high' method) were carried out bilaterally, with a 4 mm guarded lateral osteotome, after the creation of a subperiosteal tunnel. Following completion of the lateral osteotomy, a skin incision was made in the midline dorsum. Read More

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December 2020

Endoscopic cubital tunnel decompression - Review of the literature.

J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong) 2021 Jan-Apr;29(1):2309499020982084

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, 1065Flinders University, Adelaide, Australia.

Cubital tunnel syndrome is the second most common compressive neuropathy of the upper limb. Endoscopic cubital tunnel decompression has gained popularity in recent years as this enables surgeons to achieve decompression of the ulnar nerve along its course using a small incision. This article describes the technical peals in performing endoscopic cubital tunnel decompression. Read More

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Thin submental artery perforator flap for upper lip reconstruction: A case report.

Microsurgery 2021 May 4;41(4):366-369. Epub 2021 Jan 4.

Plastic Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery-Microsurgery, Hospital Tenon, Paris, Île-de-France, France.

Reconstruction of upper lip defects can be challenging even for experienced surgeons. In order to restore both function and morphology, the use of quality soft tissue is essential. To this effect, the most common solution is the use of local flaps, or, in extreme situations, a free flap. Read More

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Novel Reconstruction of Complex Central Venous Occlusion Using Supraclavicular Stent Graft in Hemodialysis Patients.

Ann Vasc Surg 2021 May 26;73:185-196. Epub 2020 Dec 26.

DFW Vascular Group, Dallas, TX; Surgery, Methodist Dallas Medical Center, Dallas, TX; TCU School of Medicine, Ft. Worth, TX. Electronic address:

Background: Subclavian vein and brachiocephalic vein occlusions are challenging problems in dialysis patients with ipsilateral upper extremity (UE) vascular access or in need of one. HeRO grafts (Hemodialysis Reliable Outflow, Merit Medical Systems, Inc, South Jordan, UT) have been used to manage such occlusions but patients with chronic hypotension treated with HeRO graft may have threatened patency. We describe an alternative technique using a supraclavicular stent graft to reconstruct the venous outflow, evaluate outcomes of this procedure, and discuss its role in complex hemodialysis patients. Read More

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Ulnar neuropathy at the elbow.

Orthop Traumatol Surg Res 2021 02 13;107(1S):102754. Epub 2020 Dec 13.

Sorbonne Université, Service de chirurgie orthopédique et traumatologique-SOS mains, Hôpital Saint-Antoine, Centre de Recherche Saint-Antoine UMR_S938 INSERM, 184, rue du Faubourg Saint-Antoine, 75012 Paris, France. Electronic address:

At the elbow, the ulnar nerve (UN) may be the site of a static compression (by the cubital tunnel retinaculum and Osborne's ligament between the two heads of the flexor carpi ulnaris), or a dynamic compression, especially when the nerve is unstable (subluxation/dislocation outside the ulnar groove). The clinical basis for the diagnosis of ulnar neuropathy involves looking for subjective and objective signs of sensory and/or motor deficit in the ulnar nerve's territory in the hand, a pseudo-Tinel's sign, and doing manipulations to provoke UN irritation. The diagnosis is confirmed by electromyography and ultrasonography. Read More

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February 2021

Safety and Outcomes of Different Surgical Techniques for Cubital Tunnel Decompression: A Systematic Review and Network Meta-analysis.

JAMA Netw Open 2020 11 2;3(11):e2024352. Epub 2020 Nov 2.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Leeds Teaching Hospitals Trust, Leeds, United Kingdom.

Importance: Cubital tunnel syndrome is the second most common compressive neuropathy, affecting 6% of the population. Numerous different operations are performed globally to treat it; however, prior conventional (pairwise) meta-analyses have been unable to determine which procedure is associated with the best outcomes and fewest complications.

Objective: To evaluate which operation for cubital tunnel syndrome is associated with the greatest likelihood of symptomatic cure. Read More

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November 2020

The efficacy of gelatin sponge combined with moist wound-healing nursing intervention for the treatment of pressure ulcers: A randomized controlled trial protocol.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2020 Nov;99(45):e23079

Intensive Care Center, 5th Medical Center of Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing, PR China.

Objective: The objective of this current research is to investigate the effectiveness of the nursing intervention of combination gelatin sponge and moist wound healing in treating the pressure ulcers (PUs).

Methods: This is a randomized controlled trial to be carried out from January 2021 to May 2021. This trial is implemented in accordance with the SPIRIT Checklist for the randomized researches and was granted through the Ethics Committee of 5th Medical Center of Chinese PLA General Hospital (No. Read More

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November 2020

A retrospective analysis of the clinical effectiveness of subcutaneously tunneled femoral vein cannulations at the bedside: A low risk central venous access approach in the neonatal intensive care unit.

J Vasc Access 2020 Nov 5:1129729820969291. Epub 2020 Nov 5.

St. Joseph's Children's Hospital, Paterson, NJ, USA.

Objective: The purpose of this retrospective analysis was to evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of ultrasound (US)-guided, subcutaneously tunneled, femoral inserted central catheters (ST-FICCs) in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU).

Methods: Following clinical success with ST-FICCs in adults, we expanded this practice to the neonatal population. In an 18-month retrospective cohort analysis (2018-2020) of 82 neonates, we evaluated the clinical outcome for procedural success, completion of therapy, and incidence of early and late complications for insertion of US-guided ST-FICCs in the NICU. Read More

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November 2020

Arm mobilization provokes deformity of long-term indwelling ports implanted via the jugular vein.

J Vasc Surg Venous Lymphat Disord 2021 Jul 31;9(4):998-1006. Epub 2020 Oct 31.

Vascular Surgery Department, Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, São Paulo, Brazil.

Background: The incidence of totally implantable catheter fracture ranges from 0.48% to 5.00%, and these fractures represent a potentially fatal complication. Read More

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