120,718 results match your criteria study validity

Spider web biomonitoring: A cost-effective source apportionment approach for urban particulate matter.

Environ Pollut 2021 May 8;286:117328. Epub 2021 May 8.

Institute of Geosciences, Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Burgweg 11, 07749, Jena, Germany. Electronic address:

Elevated levels of particulate matter (PM) in urban atmospheres are one of the major environmental challenges of the Anthropocene. To effectively lower those levels, identification and quantification of sources of PM is required. Biomonitoring methods are helpful tools to tackle this problem but have not been fully established yet. Read More

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Elevation of early plasma biomarkers in patients with clinical risk factors predicts the increased nonrelapse mortality after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation: Biomarkers for nonrelapse mortality.

Transplant Cell Ther 2021 May 11. Epub 2021 May 11.

First Department of Internal Medicine, Kansai Medical University, Osaka 573-1010, Japan.

Background: Early prediction of nonrelapse mortality (NRM) in patients who undergo allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (aHSCT) based on the results of laboratory tests are challenging. There is, therefore, a need for evaluation of biomarkers for prediction of nonrelapse mortality, which is a major problem that offsets the advantages of aHSCT.

Objectives: We tested the validity and efficacy of two plasma biomarkers (ST2 and Reg3α) based on the Mount Sinai Acute GVHD International Consortium (MAGIC) algorithm for early prediction of NRM in Japanese patients who underwent aHSCT. Read More

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A methodological issues in rehabilitation research: a scoping review.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2021 May 11. Epub 2021 May 11.

Department of Biomedical, Surgical and Dental Sciences, University of Milan "La Statale", Italy; IRCCS Istituto Ortopedico Galeazzi, Milan, Italy. Electronic address:

Objective: The aim of the present study was to identify, synthesize and categorize the methodological issues faced by the rehabilitation field.

Data Sources: A scoping review was conducted using studies identified in Medline, the Cochrane Library, EMBASE, Web of Science, Scopus, PEDro and Google Scholar up to August 2018.

Study Selection: We included all type of publications describing methodological issues in rehabilitation research where rehabilitation is described as a multimodal process. Read More

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Measurement properties of pain scoring instruments in farm animals: A systematic review protocol using the COSMIN checklist.

PLoS One 2021 14;16(5):e0251435. Epub 2021 May 14.

Department of Anesthesiology, Medical School (FMB) of São Paulo State University (UNESP), Botucatu, São Paulo, Brazil.

Society has been increasingly concerned about the impact of pain on farm animal welfare. This systematic review aims to provide evidence relating to the measurement properties (i.e. Read More

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Maternal Intensive Care Unit Admission as an Indicator of Severe Acute Maternal Morbidity: A Population-Based Study.

Anesth Analg 2021 May 14. Epub 2021 May 14.

From the Centre for Epidemiology and Statistics Sorbonne Paris Cité (CRESS), Paris University, Obstetrical Perinatal and Pediatric Epidemiology Research Team, EPOPé, Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale (INSERM), Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA), Paris, France.

Background: Severe acute maternal morbidity (SAMM) accounts for any life-threatening complication during pregnancy or after delivery. Measuring and monitoring SAMM seem critical to assessing the quality of maternal health care. The objectives were to explore the validity of intensive care unit (ICU) admission as an indicator of SAMM by characterizing the profile of women admitted to an ICU and of their ICU stay, according to the association with other SAMM criterion. Read More

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Development of a Short Form of the CPAI-A (Form B) with Rasch Analyses.

J Appl Meas 2020 ;21(4):515-532

Weiqiao Fan, Department of Psychology, Shanghai Normal University, No.100 Guilin Rd., Shanghai, 200234, China,

The present study developed and validated a short form of the Cross-Cultural (Chinese) Personality Assessment Inventory for adolescents (CPAI-A; Form B) focusing on the personality scales by unidimensional and multidimensional Rasch models. Multiple evidence from unidimensional Rasch models (item fit, DIF statistics, dimensionality, reliability indices, construct coverage) were evaluated in order to create a short scale with optimal psychometric properties. Further, multidimensional Rasch model, canonical analysis, and predictive validity were performed and evaluated to validate the CPAI-A-SF further. Read More

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January 2020

The Development of the Mental Toughness Situational Judgment Test: A Novel Approach to Assessing Mental Toughness.

J Appl Meas 2020 ;21(4):434-455

Nicholas M. Flannery, Department of Psychology, Virginia Tech, 890 Drillfield Dr., Blacksburg, VA 24018, USA,

Mental toughness (MT) predicts outcomes across several high-stress contexts such as athletics, the military, and the workplace. Despite this, researchers have struggled to reach consensus regarding how best to conceptualize and measure MT. MT assessments have focused on measuring general MT rather than domain-specific MT. Read More

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January 2020

Internal Consistency and Convergent Validity of Self-Report and By-Proxy Measures of Depression in Persons With Aphasia.

J Speech Lang Hear Res 2021 May 14:1-6. Epub 2021 May 14.

Center for Aphasia Research and Treatment, Shirley Ryan AbilityLab (formerly Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago), Chicago, IL.

Purpose Depression assessment is challenging in persons with aphasia given their language impairment. Studies have used both self-report scales and by-proxy measures of depression in persons with aphasia. However, the validity of these measures has been called into question. Read More

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Development and Psychometric Validation of the BREAST-Q Sensation Module for Women Undergoing Post-Mastectomy Breast Reconstruction.

Ann Surg Oncol 2021 May 14. Epub 2021 May 14.

Harvard Medical School, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA, USA.

Background: Reconstructive techniques for restoring sensation to the breast after mastectomy continue to evolve. The BREAST-Q is a patient-reported outcome measure that can be used to evaluate outcomes of breast cancer treatments; however, it previously lacked scales to measure breast sensation. This paper outlines the development and validation of the BREAST-Q Sensation Module. Read More

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Mapping of the acromegaly quality of life questionnaire to ED-5D-5L index score among patients with acromegaly.

Eur J Health Econ 2021 May 14. Epub 2021 May 14.

JC School of Public Health and Primary Care, Faculty of Medicine, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China.

Objective: This study aimed to develop a mapping function that links the acromegaly quality of life (AcroQoL) questionnaire to EQ-5D-5L to obtain a preference-based utility value to inform economic evaluation.

Methods: A nationwide cross-sectional questionnaire survey among patients with acromegaly was conducted online in China during 17 December 2019 to 6 January 2020. The study sample was randomly divided into a training set and a validation set. Read More

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Heat Tolerance and Occupational Heat Exposure Limits in Older Men with and without Type 2 Diabetes or Hypertension.

Med Sci Sports Exerc 2021 May 12. Epub 2021 May 12.

Human and Environmental Physiology Research Unit, School of Human Kinetics, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada Departments of Medicine, Cardiac Sciences and Community Health Sciences Faculties of Medicine and Kinesiology, University of Calgary, Canada Clinical Epidemiology Program, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, Ottawa, Canada FAME Laboratory, Department of Exercise Science, University of Thessaly, Greece Faculté des sciences de l'activité physique, Université de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, Québec, Canada Hypertension Program, Division of Nephrology, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada.

Purpose: To mitigate rises in core temperature >1°C, the American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) recommends upper limits for heat stress (Action Limit Values; ALV), defined by wet-bulb globe temperature (WBGT) and a worker's metabolic rate. However, these limits are based on data from young men and are assumed to be suitable for all workers, irrespective of age or health status. We therefore explored the impact of aging, type 2 diabetes (T2D), and hypertension (HTN), on tolerance to prolonged, moderate-intensity work above and below these limits. Read More

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User-Centered Development of a Mobile App for Biopsychosocial Pain Assessment in Adults: Usability, Reliability, and Validity Study.

JMIR Mhealth Uhealth 2021 May 14;9(5):e25316. Epub 2021 May 14.

Center for Health Technology and Services Research (CINTESIS.UA), School of Health Sciences, University of Aveiro, Aveiro, Portugal.

Background: Pain-related mobile apps targeting pain assessment commonly limit pain assessment to pain behaviors and physiological aspects. However, current guidelines state that pain assessment should follow the biopsychosocial model, clearly addressing biological, psychological, and social aspects of the pain experience. Existing reviews also highlight that pain specialists and end users are not commonly involved in the development process of mobile apps for pain assessment, negatively affecting the quality of the available apps. Read More

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Validity of a Modified Food and Nutrition Literacy (M-FNLIT) Questionnaire in Primary School Children in Iran.

Br J Nutr 2021 May 14:1-28. Epub 2021 May 14.

Department of Nutrition, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

The present study aimed to assess the relative validity and reliability of a modified Food and Nutrition Literacy (M-FNLIT) questionnaire in primary school children in the city of Mashhad. The study was conducted in four phases. In the first step, the content and face validity of the questionnaire was evaluated by Delphi consensus as well as interviewing the students. Read More

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Adaptation and validation of the main concept analysis of spoken discourse by native Japanese adults.

Clin Linguist Phon 2021 May 14:1-17. Epub 2021 May 14.

Department of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology, Graduate School of Medicine, Nippon Medical School, Tokyo, Japan.

Many people with aphasia demonstrate problems of oral production at the discourse level. The Main Concept Analysis (MCA) for oral discourse production is a published evidence-based battery for quantifying the degree of presence, accuracy, completeness, and efficiency of targeted main concepts in oral discourse. In Japan, such a standardized tool specialized for assessing spoken discourse is currently lacking. Read More

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Development and psychometric evaluation of the Caregiver Caregiving Self-Efficacy Scale for family members with oral cancer.

Int J Nurs Pract 2021 May 13:e12957. Epub 2021 May 13.

College of Nursing, National Taipei University of Nursing and Health Sciences, Taipei, Taiwan.

Aim: The aim of this study was to develop and initially assess the psychometric properties of the Caregiver Caregiving Self-Efficacy Scale-Oral Cancer (CSES-OC).

Methods: In total, 28 items in the Caregiver Caregiving Self-Efficacy Scale-Oral Cancer were originally employed for a reliability and validity test based on expert suggestions and qualitative findings. The Cronbach's alpha coefficient and test-retest reliability were evaluated with the pilot sample, which included 30 caregivers. Read More

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Identifying cases of chronic pain using health administrative data: A validation study.

Can J Pain 2020 Dec 3;4(1):252-267. Epub 2020 Dec 3.

Division of Community Health and Humanities, Faculty of Medicine, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada.

Background: Most prevalence estimates of chronic pain are derived from surveys and vary widely, both globally (2%-54%) and in Canada (6.5%-44%). Health administrative data are increasingly used for chronic disease surveillance, but their validity as a source to ascertain chronic pain cases is understudied. Read More

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December 2020

Psychometric Properties of the Dominic Interactive in a Sample of French Canadian Sexually Abused Children.

J Child Adolesc Trauma 2021 Jun 27;14(2):223-231. Epub 2021 Jan 27.

Département de psychologie, UQAM, Montréal, Québec Canada.

There are few computerized questionnaires assessing mental health in children. Although the psychometric properties of the have been verified for clinical and nonclinical populations, no study has specifically targeted sexually abused children. This study aimed to explore the reliability and validity of the Dominic Interactive with a sample of sexually abused children. Read More

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Game jams for cultural safety training in Colombian medical education: a pilot randomised controlled trial.

BMJ Open 2021 May 13;11(5):e042892. Epub 2021 May 13.

CIET-PRAM, Department of Family Medicine, McGill University, Montreal, Québec, Canada.

Objectives: Explore the acceptability and feasibility of a randomised controlled trial (RCT) to assess game jams-participatory events to cocreate digital or board games in a time-constrained environment-in cultural safety training of medical students. The pilot tests methods and procedures and explores the validity and reliability of our research instrument.

Design: Two-arm parallel-group pilot RCT with a 1:1 allocation ratio. Read More

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Perceived Stress by Students of the Medical Sciences in Cuba Toward the COVID-19 Pandemic: Results of an Online Survey.

Rev Colomb Psiquiatr 2021 Apr 30. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Facultad de Ciencias Médicas Dr. Ernesto Che Guevara de la Serna, Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de Pinar del Río, Pinar del Río, Cuba.

Introduction: The aims of this study were to determine the usefulness of the Modified (10-item) Scale of Perceived Stress related to COVID-19 (EEP-10-C, for its acronym in Spanish) and to identify the levels of stress perceived by students of medical sciences in Cuba due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted, with self-reported data of students from 14 Cuban universities of medical sciences (n=200), through an online survey. The EEP-10-C was used as an instrument to identify stress. Read More

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Development of a psychosocial perception scale and comparison of psychosocial perception of patients with extra oral defects before and after facial prosthesis.

J Prosthet Dent 2021 May 10. Epub 2021 May 10.

Professor Department of Dental and Prosthetic surgery, Tata Memorial Hospital, Homi Bhabha National Institute, Mumbai, India. Electronic address:

Statement Of Problem: Loss of facial organs and subsequent rehabilitation affects a patient's psychological status. Understanding the perceived psychosocial aspects of quality of life among patients with missing organs and after prosthetic rehabilitation is essential, but studies that quantify this aspect are lacking.

Purpose: The purpose of this clinical study was to develop and validate a psychosocial perception scale and compare psychosocial perception before and after the prosthetic rehabilitation of a missing facial part. Read More

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Beyond bagging and tagging - An empirical investigation into the roles, designations and responsibilities of crime scene practitioners.

Mehzeb Chowdhury

Sci Justice 2021 May 28;61(3):271-279. Epub 2021 Jan 28.

Northumbria University, Faculty of Arts, Design and Social Sciences, 2 Sandyford Road, Newcastle upon Tyne NE1 8SB, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

This study proposes a comprehensive, scalable guide which police forces may use to advertise and recruit crime scene staff on a universal standard, as opposed to setting force-specific requirements. It also investigates the validity of staff descriptors such as 'examiner', 'SOCO', 'analyst' and 'investigator' and whether such classifications warrant continued existence. Using published crime scene job postings and internal human resource documentation from thirty-five (35) United Kingdom police forces, scene staff qualification requirements and their assigned responsibilities were collated. Read More

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Thermography as a non-ionizing quantitative tool for diagnosing periapical inflammatory lesions.

BMC Oral Health 2021 May 13;21(1):260. Epub 2021 May 13.

Department of Oral Technology, School of Dentistry, University of Bonn, Bonn, Germany.

Background: Thermography is a contemporary imaging modality based on acquiring and analyzing thermal data using non-contact devices. The aim of the present study was to assess the validity of thermography, compared with that of the reference-standard, for the diagnosis of periapical inflammatory lesions and to evaluate the temperature ranges for acute pulpitis with apical periodontitis (AAP), acute periapical abscess (AA) and chronic periapical abscess (CA).

Methods: AAP, AA and CA were diagnosed based on clinical and radiographic criteria. Read More

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Is geriatric depression scale a valid instrument to screen depression in Chinese community-dwelling elderly?

BMC Geriatr 2021 May 13;21(1):310. Epub 2021 May 13.

National Institute for Nutrition and Health, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, No. 27, Nanwei Road, Xicheng District, Beijing, China.

Background: The geriatric depression scale (GDS) is used widely as a screening instrument for depression worldwide. The present study aims to examine the reliability and validity of the GDS with 30 items (GDS-30) in Chinese cognitively normal elderly, and to preliminarily investigate the appropriateness of the GDS-30 among screened mild cognitive impairment (MCI) elderly and among the large-scale community-dwelling Chinese elderly.

Methods: A total of 12,610 Chinese elderly completed GDS-30 in the project of Community-based Cohort Study on Nervous System Diseases. Read More

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The Activate Test of Embodied Cognition (ATEC): Reliability, concurrent validity and discriminant validity in a community sample of children using cognitively demanding physical tasks related to executive functioning.

Child Neuropsychol 2021 May 13:1-11. Epub 2021 May 13.

Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT.

Embodied cognition assessment may be more closely related to how children function than standard measures of executive functioning (EF) that require little body movement. Activate Test of Embodied Cognition (ATEC) measures cognitive functioning based on cognitively demanding physical tasks assessed using an automated administration with motion capture technology. This study evaluated the psychometrics of ATEC. Read More

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Validity and Reliability of 6-Minute Pegboard and Ring Test in Patients with Asthma.

J Asthma 2021 May 13:1-14. Epub 2021 May 13.

Faculty of Medicine, Division of Adult Allergy & Clinical Immunology, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey.

The 6-minute pegboard and ring test (6PBRT) is a test of upper-extremity functional capacity designed for and validated in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The aim of this study was to evaluate the validity and reliability of the 6PBRT in asthma patients. Thirty-four adults (30 women, 4 men) with well-controlled asthma were included. Read More

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Convergent validity of the Chinese version of the Multidimensional Schizotypy Scale.

Asian J Psychiatr 2021 May 9;61:102671. Epub 2021 May 9.

Neuropsychology and Applied Cognitive Neuroscience Lab, CAS Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology, Beijing, China; Department of Psychology, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China. Electronic address:

Schizotypy is the latent personality reflecting the liability to schizophrenia. The Multidimensional Schizotypy Scale (MSS) is a newly developed questionnaire to measure the levels of schizotypy. The Chinese version of MSS has been developed and previous findings supported its structure validity. Read More

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Ambulatory activity in stroke survivors associated with functional outcome and quality of life: an observational cohort study.

Ann Phys Rehabil Med 2021 May 10:101540. Epub 2021 May 10.

The Florey Institute of Neuroscience and Mental Health, University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia; Department of Neurology, Austin Health, Heidelberg, Victoria, Australia.

Background: Physical activity is beneficial in stroke prevention and recovery. Understanding activity dynamics and its effect on outcome after stroke is important to improve recommendations and develop interventions.

Objectives: We examined serial changes in daily ambulatory activity (AA) averaged over 1 week in people with subacute to chronic stroke and its association with functional outcome (modified Rankin scale [mRS]) and quality of life (EQ-5D-3L). Read More

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Predictive variables of prescription opioid misuse in patients with chronic noncancer pain. Development of a risk detection scale: A registered report protocol.

PLoS One 2021 13;16(5):e0251586. Epub 2021 May 13.

Universidad de Málaga, Facultad de Psicología, Andalucía Tech, Málaga, Spain.

Background: Opioid therapy is utilized for a broad range of chronic pain conditions. Several studies have highlighted the adverse effects of opioid medication due to the misuse of these drugs. The gradual increase in the use of opioids has become a global phenomenon and is generating social concern. Read More

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Adaptation of the Quality of Life Adolescent Cleft Questionnaire for Spanish children and adolescents with cleft lip and/or palate.

Int J Paediatr Dent 2021 May 13. Epub 2021 May 13.

Deparment of Psychology, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos. Alcorcón (Madrid, Spain.

Background: The Quality of Life Adolescent Cleft Questionnaire is a measure of quality of life in cleft lip/palate (CL/P) including items on pre-treatment and post-treatment status. Items, however, were originally organized in a factor structure that prevents from a formal pre-treatment-to-post-treatment comparison. Additionally, the questionnaire was tested in older patients. Read More

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Longitudinal Change in Quality of Life in Neurological Disorders Measures Over 3 Years in Patients With Early Parkinson's Disease.

Mov Disord 2021 May 13. Epub 2021 May 13.

Department of Neurology, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois, USA.

Background: The Quality of Life in Neurological Disorders (Neuro-QoL) is a publicly available health-related quality-of-life measurement system.

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the utility of Neuro-QoL item banks as outcome measures for clinical trials in Parkinson's disease.

Methods: An analysis of Neuro-QoL responsiveness to change and construct validity was performed in a multicenter clinical trial cohort. Read More

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