553 results match your criteria study reaffirms


The correlates of social determinants to ethico-moral values on professional development of Saudi nursing students.

J Taibah Univ Med Sci 2021 Apr 6;16(2):240-246. Epub 2020 Dec 6.

College of Nursing, University of Santo Tomas, Manila, Philippines.

Objectives: This study determined the perceived professional values of nursing students, which are potentially correlated to their individual profiles.

Methods: This study utilized a cross-sectional design using the Nurse Professional Values Scale-Revised (NPVS-R) to determine nursing students' innate professional values. This study recruited 201 nursing students using a total enumeration sampling from Ha'il region, KSA. Read More

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Evaluating Tourniquet Efficacy Comparing Exsanguination Techniques for the Upper Extremity.

Orthop Nurs 2021 Mar-Apr 01;40(2):89-93

Tyler M. Goodwin, MD, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Tennessee Health Science Center College of Medicine Chattanooga, Chattanooga, TN.

Tourniquets have been used in the medical setting for centuries and have become the gold standard when preparing patients for surgery, particularly in orthopaedic surgery. Upper extremity tourniquet use improves intraoperative visibility and identification of anatomy. It also decreases blood loss intraoperatively and improves the safety of orthopaedic procedures. Read More

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Comparison of Publication Rates for Musculoskeletal Oncology Abstracts Presented at National Meetings.

Sarcoma 2021 5;2021:8326318. Epub 2021 Mar 5.

Department of Orthopaedics, University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center, Case Western Reserve University, 11100 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH 44106, USA.

Background: Scientific meetings provide a forum to disseminate new research and advance patient care. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS), Connective Tissue Oncology Society (CTOS), and Musculoskeletal Tumor Society (MSTS) annual meetings are examples of such gatherings in the field of musculoskeletal oncology. After a review of select MSTS abstracts from 1991 to 1999 revealed a 41% publication rate in scientific journals, previous authors cautioned meeting attendees that the majority of abstracts may not survive rigorous peer review and may not be scientifically valid. Read More

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Identification of superspreading environment under COVID-19 through human mobility data.

Sci Rep 2021 02 25;11(1):4699. Epub 2021 Feb 25.

Department of Geography, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam Road, Pok Fu Lam, Hong Kong.

COVID-19 reaffirms the vital role of superspreaders in a pandemic. We propose to broaden the research on superspreaders through integrating human mobility data and geographical factors to identify superspreading environment. Six types of popular public facilities were selected: bars, shopping centres, karaoke/cinemas, mega shopping malls, public libraries, and sports centres. Read More

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February 2021

Cardiotoxicity After Anthracycline Chemotherapy for Childhood Cancer in a Multiethnic Asian Population.

Front Pediatr 2021 3;9:639603. Epub 2021 Feb 3.

Cardiology Service, Department of Paediatric Subspecialties, KK Women's and Children's Hospital, Singapore, Singapore.

Anthracyclines are widely used to treat childhood cancers; however, they cause cardiotoxicity. To address the paucity of clinical data from Asian populations, this study investigated the epidemiology of pediatric anthracycline-induced cardiotoxicity, during and after chemotherapy, in a multiethnic Asian population. This was a single-center, retrospective analysis of 458 anthracycline-treated pediatric oncology patients at KK Women's and Children's Hospital, a tertiary children's hospital in Singapore from 2005 through 2015. Read More

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February 2021

National assessment of pharmaceutical workforce and education using the International Pharmaceutical Federation's global development goals: a case study of Qatar.

J Pharm Policy Pract 2021 Feb 22;14(1):22. Epub 2021 Feb 22.

FIP Lead for Workforce Transformation and Development, International Pharmaceutical Federation, The Hague, Netherlands.

Background: The sustainable development goals were launched by the United Nations in 2015. Its fifth goal was describing the achievement of universal health coverage by 2030. This goal reaffirms the importance of investing in the development and training of the global health workforce. Read More

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February 2021

Erection of a New Genus and Species for the Pathogen of Hard Clams 'Quahog Parasite Unknown' (QPX): Mucochytrium quahogii gen. nov., sp. nov.

Protist 2021 Feb 29;172(1):125793. Epub 2021 Jan 29.

School of Marine and Atmospheric Sciences, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY 11794-5000, USA. Electronic address:

Quahog Parasite Unknown (QPX) is a facultative parasite of the hard clam, Mercenaria mercenaria. Although it has been observed in clams since the 1960's and cultivated since the 1990's, conflicting reports on important aspects of its biology have prevented its formal description. 18S rRNA gene sequences identify QPX as a thraustochytrid, but its production of copious mucus is atypical for this group. Read More

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February 2021

Relationship between cases of hepatitis A and flood areas, municipality of Encantado, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.

Cien Saude Colet 2021 Feb 29;26(2):721-728. Epub 2019 Apr 29.

Programa de Pós-Graduação em Sensoriamento Remoto, UFRGS. Porto Alegre RS Brasil.

The relationship between hydrometeorological disasters and the health of affected populations is still hardly discussed in Rio Grande do Sul (RS), Brazil. Hepatitis A is a disease that involves health and urban environment issue and is an avoidable disease. This study aims to analyze the relationship between flood areas and waterborne diseases, in this case, Hepatitis A. Read More

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February 2021

Studies of the criteria for determining optimal location of medial patellofemoral ligament attachment sites.

Med Biol Eng Comput 2021 Mar 17;59(3):693-702. Epub 2021 Feb 17.

Department of Orthopaedics, Singapore General Hospital, Singapore, Singapore.

Identifying appropriate attachment sites is important in the planning of medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) reconstruction. Two criteria are advanced to describe normal MPFL function, namely isometric criterion and desired pattern criterion. Subsequently, computational methods have applied these criteria to determine optimal attachment sites. Read More

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Prevalence of early and late oral implant loss among smokers: a nationwide survey in Japan.

Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2021 Feb 10. Epub 2021 Feb 10.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Southern Tohoku General Hospital, Fukushima, Japan.

A cross-sectional, nationwide survey was conducted in Japan to examine the relationship between tobacco smoking and oral diseases including implant failure. A questionnaire survey was sent to designated facilities by post, and 158 answered questions regarding implant loss. Smoking status, number of implant failures, and other related variables were collected from the participating dentists as secondary data. Read More

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February 2021

Favorable prognosis with nonsurgical management of type III acute odontoid fractures: a consecutive series of 212 patients.

Spine J 2021 Feb 10. Epub 2021 Feb 10.

Department of Neurosurgery, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway.

Background Context: The recommended primary treatment for type III odontoid fractures (OFx) is external immobilization, except for patients having major displacement of the odontoid fragment. The bony fusion rate of type III OFx has been reported to be >85%. High compliance to treatment recommendations is favorable only if the treatment leads to a good outcome. Read More

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February 2021

Is there a benefit for adjuvant radio(chemo)therapy in early cervical cancer? Results from a population-based study.

Arch Gynecol Obstet 2021 Feb 11. Epub 2021 Feb 11.

Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Klinikum St. Marien Amberg, Amberg, Germany.

Purpose: Due to insufficient and conflicting prospective evidence, the recommendations on when to apply adjuvant radiochemotherapy in early-stage cervical cancer vary between international guidelines. In this population-based study, we evaluated the outcome of patients with early-stage cervical cancer based on risk factors and the adjuvant therapy they received.

Methods: The effect of primary therapy (surgery and radiochemotherapy RCT, surgery and radiotherapy RT, and surgery alone) on overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS) was evaluated in the complete cohort of 442 patients and in subgroups according to risk profile and nodal status. Read More

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February 2021

Clinical concordance with Image Gently guidelines for pediatric computed tomography: a study across 663,417 CT scans at 53 clinical facilities.

Pediatr Radiol 2021 May 6;51(5):800-810. Epub 2021 Jan 6.

Carl E. Ravin Advanced Imaging Laboratories, Department of Radiology, Duke University, 2424 Erwin Road, Suite 302, Durham, NC, 27705, USA.

Background: Managing patient radiation dose in pediatric computed tomography (CT) examinations is essential. Some organizations, most notably Image Gently, have suggested techniques to lower dose to pediatric patients and mitigate risk while maintaining image quality.

Objective: We sought to validate whether institutions are observing Image Gently guidelines in practice. Read More

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[Frailty among the elderly assisted by primary health care teams].

Cien Saude Colet 2020 Dec 20;25(12):5041-5050. Epub 2019 Apr 20.

Centro de Ciências Biológicas e da Saúde, Departamento de Saúde da Mulher e da Criança, Unimontes. Montes Claros MG Brasil.

The scope of this study was to assess the prevalence and factors associated with frailty among the elderly in Primary Health Care. It is a cross-sectional study carried out with 1750 elderly people in the Southeast of Brazil. The Brazilian Older American Resources and Services Multidimensional Functional Assessment Questionnaire (BOMFAQ) and the Clinical-Functional Vulnerability Index (CFVI) were used for data collection. Read More

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December 2020

Intravitreal ketamine promotes neuroprotection in rat eyes after experimental ischemia.

Biomed Pharmacother 2021 Jan 26;133:110948. Epub 2020 Nov 26.

Faculty of Pharmacy, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Pampulha, Av. Antônio Carlos, 6627, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, 31270-901, Brazil. Electronic address:

Retinal ischemia, one of the most common cause of visual loss, is associated with blood flow inadequacy and subsequent tissue injury. In this setting, some treatments that can counteract glutamate increase, arouse interest in ischemic pathogenesis. Ketamine, a potent N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist, provides a neuroprotective pathway via decreasing the excitotoxicity triggered by excess glutamatergic. Read More

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January 2021

Supporting the need for community exercise programs: a case study.

Spinal Cord Ser Cases 2019 Nov 25;5(1):95. Epub 2019 Nov 25.

The Axis Project, 1325 5th Ave, New York, NY, USA.

Introduction: Participation in exercise activities post spinal cord injury (SCI) can positively impact physical functioning and quality of life. Physically active individuals have improved functional performance compared with sedentary individuals with SCI. Consistent exercise interventions following SCI not only prompt neural recovery and offer myriad health benefits but they may also have persisting effects on functional abilities. Read More

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November 2019

Walking a Tightrope: Dosage Modifications and Treatment Outcomes of All--Retinoic Acid, Arsenic Trioxide, and Daunorubicin for High-Risk Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia.

JCO Glob Oncol 2020 11;6:1749-1756

Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), Puducherry, India.

Purpose: The use of all--retinoic acid (ATRA) and arsenic trioxide (ATO) in the treatment of low- and intermediate-risk acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) is the standard of care. We report the combined use of ATRA, ATO, and daunorubicin (DNR) in patients newly diagnosed with high-risk APL. The primary focus was to describe the drug dosage modifications made in the real-world scenario. Read More

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November 2020

Sustainable Management of Organic Wastes in Sharjah, UAE through Co-Composting.

Methods Protoc 2020 Nov 5;3(4). Epub 2020 Nov 5.

Department of Civil Engineering, American University of Sharjah, Sharjah 26666, UAE.

Daily human activities and vast green areas produce substantial amounts of organic wastes that end up in landfills with minimal treatment. In addition to the problems associated with landfills, disposal through this method is unsustainable in the long run and does not allow recovering materials from the waste. This paper focuses on the co-composting of different organic wastes produced in The Emirate of Sharjah, United Arab Emirates (UAE), to optimize mixing proportions of three different kinds of wastes-sewage sludge (SS), green waste (GW), and food waste (FW). Read More

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November 2020

Vasovagal reaction among whole blood donors in Hospital Pulau Pinang. A statistical-epidemiological study.

Asian J Transfus Sci 2020 Jan-Jun;14(1):28-32. Epub 2020 Jul 24.

Department of Transfusion Medicine, Penang General Hospital, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia.

Context: Whole blood donation is generally considered a safe procedure; however, a small percentage of donors could develop vasovagal reactions (VVRs) during or after completion of blood donation.

Aims: This study was undertaken to establish the prevalence of VVR among whole blood donors in Hospital Pulau Pinang and to investigate factors that lead to its occurrence.

Settings And Design: A cross-sectional study was conducted involving 27,890 whole blood donations in 2016. Read More

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Agricultural Injuries among Farmers and Ranchers in the Central United States during 2011-2015.

J Agromedicine 2021 Jan 18;26(1):62-72. Epub 2021 Jan 18.

Department of Environmental, Agricultural and Occupational Health, College of Public Health, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE, USA.

The high risk of occupational fatalities in agriculture is well documented, but information on non-fatal injuries is lacking due to challenges in injury surveillance. This surveillance study explored the frequency, characteristics, and risk factors for non-fatal injuries among farmers and ranchers in the central United States. The Central States Center for Agricultural Safety and Health (CS-CASH), in collaboration with the USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), conducted annual surveys (n = 34,777 sent) during 2011-2015 covering a seven-state region (Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, North Dakota, Nebraska, and South Dakota). Read More

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January 2021

Molecular basis of serological weak D phenotypes and RhD typing discrepancies identified in the Korean population.

Blood Transfus 2020 Oct 9. Epub 2020 Oct 9.

Department of Laboratory Medicine and Genetics, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea.

Background: The molecular basis of RhD blood groups differs with race/ethnicity. This study aimed to investigate the molecular basis of serological weak D phenotypes and RhD typing discrepancies in the Korean population.

Materials And Methods: The RhD status of 188,852 Korean patients was initially determined using the automated microplate method and manual tile method. Read More

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October 2020

Novel Approach and Interpretation for the Determination of Electromagnetic Forming Limits.

Materials (Basel) 2020 Sep 19;13(18). Epub 2020 Sep 19.

Institute of Forming Technology and Lightweight Components (IUL), TU Dortmund, Baroper Strasse 303, 44227 Dortmund, Germany.

A new method to determine electromagnetic forming limits curves (EM-FLCs) for sheet metals is proposed. The different strain paths (between uniaxial and biaxial tension) are achieved by specific tool coil and specimen designs. It is ensured that the apex of the specimen deforms on a constant strain path, and excess bending at the apex is avoided. Read More

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September 2020

The skills required for entry-level public relations: An analysis of skills required in 1,000 PR job ads.

Public Relat Rev 2020 Dec 16;46(5):101973. Epub 2020 Sep 16.

Virginia Commonwealth University, 901 West Main Street, Room 2216, Box 842034 Richmond, VA 23284, United States.

Preparing professionals to work in any industry means linking educational competencies and career requirements. With its own career-defining skills, the field of public relations is no different. Knowing the demands of the industry creates an opportunity to supply the most relevant education that gets early professionals hired. Read More

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December 2020

Feasibility and safety of total laparoscopic hysterectomy for uteri weighing from 1.5 kg to 11.000 kg.

Arch Gynecol Obstet 2021 01 19;303(1):169-179. Epub 2020 Sep 19.

Department of Medical Sciences and Public Health, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy.

Purpose: To assess the feasibility and safety of total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH) for uteri ≥ 1.5 kg.

Methods: We prospectively evaluated all elective TLHs (with or without adnexectomy) performed for fibromatous uteri between August 2009 and August 2019 in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Sirai Hospital, Carbonia, and the Department of Gynecologic Oncology, Businco Hospital, Azienda Ospedaliera Brotzu, Cagliari. Read More

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January 2021

A Psychometric Study of a Spanish Version of the Negative Acts Questionnaire-Revised: Confirmatory Factor Analysis.

Front Psychol 2020 12;11:1856. Epub 2020 Aug 12.

Department of Personality, Assessment and Clinical Psychology I, Faculty of Psychology, Complutense University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain.

Background: The NAQ (Negative Acts Questionnaire) has been widely used in more than 40 countries to measure the mobbing phenomenon. This research aims to present a psychometric study based on the Spanish version of the NAQ-R carried out by González-Trijueque and Graña (2013). As opposed to the original scale, this sample contains 23 items and a three-dimension model (personal bullying, work-related bullying, and physically intimidating forms of bullying). Read More

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"I think it's been met with a shrug:" Oncologists' views toward and experiences with Right-to-Try.

J Natl Cancer Inst 2020 Sep 3. Epub 2020 Sep 3.

Associate Professor of Biomedical Ethics, Biomedical Ethics Research Program and Center for Regenerative Medicine, Mayo Clinic.

Background: The federal Right-to-Try (RTT) Act created an alternate regulatory pathway for preapproval access to investigational drugs. A few studies have examined the experiences of physicians with Food and Drug Administration's Expanded Access Programs (EAP), but no study has yet to examine their attitudes and experiences toward RTT.

Methods: This study explored the views of 21 oncologists at a major cancer center with 3 main sites across the U. Read More

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September 2020

Methods of analysis of chloroplast genomes of C, Kranz type C and Single Cell C photosynthetic members of Chenopodiaceae.

Plant Methods 2020 31;16:119. Epub 2020 Aug 31.

Department of Horticulture, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164 USA.

Background: Chloroplast genome information is critical to understanding forms of photosynthesis in the plant kingdom. During the evolutionary process, plants have developed different photosynthetic strategies that are accompanied by complementary biochemical and anatomical features. Members of family Chenopodiaceae have species with C photosynthesis, and variations of C photosynthesis in which photorespiration is reduced by concentrating CO around Rubisco through dual coordinated functioning of dimorphic chloroplasts. Read More

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Survival of thermotolerant coliforms in municipal biosolids after application in tropical soil cultivated with Eucalyptus.

J Environ Manage 2020 Nov 18;274:111116. Epub 2020 Aug 18.

School of Environmental and Forest Sciences, College of the Environment, University of Washington, Box 352100, Seattle, WA, 98195, USA.

The increasing production of biosolids in urban areas has been led to a search for alternative disposal avenues of this residue, which is rich in organic matter and nutrients. Agricultural land application of biosolids, motivated by its fertilizing power, is a widespread practice in many countries, but there are safety and regulatory concerns regarding the presence of pathogens in Class B biosolids. In addition, the scarcity of studies under tropical climate conditions raises questions that impede the agricultural use of this residue in some regions. Read More

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November 2020

The Reduction Maneuver for Pediatric Extension Type 3 Supracondylar Humerus Fractures.

Cureus 2020 Jul 15;12(7):e9213. Epub 2020 Jul 15.

Orthopaedics, Penn State Health Milton S. Hershey Medical Center, Hershey, USA.

Extension type supracondylar humerus fractures in children commonly displace in two directions: posteromedial and posterolateral. The traditional maneuver to reduce posteromedial displaced fractures utilizes pronation of the forearm, while the maneuver for posterolateral displaced fractures utilizes supination. Traditional teaching suggests that the periosteum is an aid to reduction. Read More

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Investigating emergency nurses' beliefs and experiences with patient handling in the emergency department.

Australas Emerg Care 2021 Mar 18;24(1):49-54. Epub 2020 Aug 18.

Nursing & Midwifery, Monash University, Clayton, Victoria, 3800, Australia; Monash Emergency Research Collaborative, Monash Health, Australia.

Background: Patient handling policy intends to decrease the risk of musculoskeletal injury for nurses. Many factors influence nurses' adherence to patient handling policy, including the context in which the activities take place. The aim of this study was to investigate emergency nurses' beliefs and experiences with patient handling in the emergency department. Read More

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