1,238,685 results match your criteria study included


Hand grip strength and ocular associations: the Ural Eye and Medical Study.

Br J Ophthalmol 2022 Aug 11. Epub 2022 Aug 11.

Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospital Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany

Purpose: To explore the associations between hand grip strength (HGS) and ocular parameters and diseases.

Design: Population-based cohort study.

Methods: Participants of the Ural Eye and Medical Study, including 5899 (80. Read More

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Persistent subfoveal fluid in pneumatic retinopexy versus pars plana vitrectomy for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment: posthoc analysis of the PIVOT randomised trial.

Br J Ophthalmol 2022 Aug 11. Epub 2022 Aug 11.

Department of Ophthalmology, St Michael's Hospital, Unity Health Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Purpose: To assess the incidence of persistent subfoveal fluid (PSFF) in pneumatic retinopexy (PnR) versus pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) following rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) repair and to determine its association with functional outcomes.

Methods: Posthoc analysis of the PIVOT randomised trial. Eyes with gradable en face and cross-sectional spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) scans at 1-2 months postoperatively were included. Read More

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Cancer treatment decision-making among parents of paediatric oncology patients in Guatemala: a mixed-methods study.

BMJ Open 2022 Aug 11;12(8):e057350. Epub 2022 Aug 11.

Department of Population Science, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

Objectives: To examine treatment decision-making priorities and experiences among parents of children with cancer in Guatemala.

Setting: This study was conducted at Guatemala's National Pediatric Cancer Center in Guatemala City.

Participants: Spanish-speaking parents of paediatric patients (≤18 years of age) diagnosed with any form of cancer within the 8 weeks prior to study enrolment. Read More

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Factors influencing self-care behaviours of patients with type 2 diabetes in China based on the health belief model: a cross-sectional study.

BMJ Open 2022 Aug 11;12(8):e044369. Epub 2022 Aug 11.

School of Health Service Management, Anhui Medical University, Hefei, Anhui, China

Objectives: The study aimed to explore the status and predictors of self-care behaviours in patients with type 2 diabetes in China based on the health belief model.

Design: The cross-sectional study included 1140 patients aged ≥36 years with type 2 diabetes who had established health records in community health service institutions. A questionnaire was designed based on the health belief model, which mainly included perceived susceptibility, severity, benefits, barriers, effectiveness, sociodemographic characteristics and self-care behaviours. Read More

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Diagnostic accuracy of urinary antigen tests for pneumococcal pneumonia among patients with acute respiratory failure suspected pneumonia: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

BMJ Open 2022 Aug 11;12(8):e057216. Epub 2022 Aug 11.

Department of Primary Care and Emergency Medicine, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Kyoto, Japan.

Background/objectives: Urinary antigen tests have been used for the rapid identification of infection in patients with pneumonia, thereby leading to earlier targeted therapy than when using conventional diagnostic culture methods. This study aimed to update the knowledge on the diagnostic accuracy of urinary antigen tests for among patients with acute respiratory failure suspected of pneumonia based on a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Methods: A systematic search was performed using MEDLINE and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials for studies published up to 3 June 2020. Read More

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Distribution patterns of arterial affection and the influence of glucocorticoids on F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/CT in patients with giant cell arteritis.

RMD Open 2022 Aug;8(2)

Department of Internal Medicine III, Jena University Hospital - Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Jena, Germany

Background: Giant cell arteritis (GCA) with the involvement of extracranial vessels is increasingly coming into focus. Isolated aortic involvement in the acute phase of GCA is probably more frequent than estimated because only a minority of patients show typical symptoms. F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/CT (PET/CT) is a reliable imaging tool to diagnose patients with extracranial GCA. Read More

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Prevalence of Laribacter hongkongensis in food and environmental matrices: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Food Microbiol 2022 Oct 9;107:104089. Epub 2022 Jul 9.

Department of Biotechnology and Food Science, Durban University of Technology, Steve Biko Campus, Health Services, 121 Steve Biko Rd, Musgrave, Berea, 4001, Durban, South Africa.

Laribacter hongkongensis is a human pathogen harboured in food and environmental matrices. This present study aimed to meta-analysed the prevalence of L. hongkongensis in humans, aquatic products, food/non-food animals, and environmental waters to provide update information on the pathogen. Read More

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October 2022

Efficacy of cleaning and sanitation methods against Listeria innocua on apple packing equipment surfaces.

Food Microbiol 2022 Oct 19;107:104061. Epub 2022 May 19.

School of Food Science, Irrigated Agriculture Research and Extension Center, Washington State University, Prosser, WA, 99350, United States. Electronic address:

Previous foodborne listeriosis outbreaks and recalls of fresh produce have been linked to cross-contamination with food contact surfaces (FCS) of packing equipment. Thus, effective cleaning and sanitation practices should be implemented in the short-term to contribute to the overall food safety objective for FCS which have a suboptimal hygienic design. This research aimed to evaluate the efficacy of seven cleaning and sanitation treatment combinations against Listeria innocua populations on FCS common to produce packinghouses that have been found to have a higher prevalence of Listeria spp. Read More

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October 2022

Prevalence, epidemiology and associated healthcare burden of Rome IV irritable bowel syndrome and functional dyspepsia in the adult population of Gibraltar.

BMJ Open Gastroenterol 2022 Aug;9(1)

Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology Center for Functional GI and Motility Disorders, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA.

Objective: Gibraltar is a unique densely populated multicultural British Overseas Territory for which no population data on disorders of gut-brain interaction have existed.We aimed to provide the first-ever assessment of prevalence of irritable bowel syndrome and functional dyspepsia in Gibraltar in relation to their diagnostic recognition and healthcare burden.

Design: An internet survey was carried out in Gibraltar in 2019-2020. Read More

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Clinical Characteristics and Transplant-Free Survival Across the Spectrum of Pulmonary Vascular Disease.

J Am Coll Cardiol 2022 Aug;80(7):697-718

Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

Background: PVDOMICS (Pulmonary Vascular Disease Phenomics) is a precision medicine initiative to characterize pulmonary vascular disease (PVD) using deep phenotyping. PVDOMICS tests the hypothesis that integration of clinical metrics with omic measures will enhance understanding of PVD and facilitate an updated PVD classification.

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to describe clinical characteristics and transplant-free survival in the PVDOMICS cohort. Read More

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Healthcare Use and Case Characteristics of Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children: Teen Victims Versus High-Risk Teens.

J Forensic Nurs 2022 Aug 5. Epub 2022 Aug 5.

Homeland Security.

Introduction: The overall goal of this study was to provide further information about the characteristics of commercial sexual exploitation of children (CSEC) victims by comparing the characteristics of a known victim pool to high-risk patients identified. The specific objectives of this study were to describe patient demographic characteristics, pediatric healthcare use, familial psychosocial characteristics, and child sexual abuse case characteristics present in youth identified as high risk for CSEC victimization compared with a sample of known victims.

Methods: A retrospective chart review was conducted on patients presenting to the emergency department or Child Advocacy Center for a concern of sexual abuse/assault at a midwestern U. Read More

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Nonpharmacological Cognitive Impairment Prevention Interventions in Older Adults Undergoing Cardiac Surgery: A Systematic Review.

J Cardiovasc Nurs 2022 Aug 5. Epub 2022 Aug 5.

Background: More than 1 million individuals undergo cardiothoracic surgery for coronary artery bypass graft or valve repair/replacement annually in the United States. There is an increased risk of developing serious cognitive impairment post cardiothoracic surgery. Pharmacological interventions and surgical techniques were associated with improvements in cognitive function in previous systematic reviews. Read More

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Factors Associated With Symptoms of Prolonged Grief and Psychological Distress Among Bereaved Family Members of Persons Who Died From Sudden Cardiac Arrest.

J Cardiovasc Nurs 2022 Aug 5. Epub 2022 Aug 5.

Background: Death from sudden cardiac arrest implies a stressful and challenging situation for bereaved family members with an increased risk of prolonged grief disorder and psychological distress.

Objectives: The aims of this study were (1) to explore the associations between symptoms of prolonged grief and psychological distress and (2) to identify factors associated with symptoms of prolonged grief and psychological distress among bereaved family members of persons who died from sudden cardiac arrest.

Methods: This cross-sectional survey included bereaved adult family members. Read More

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The association between the social adaptive skills of school-aged children with congenital heart disease and mothers' decision factors for providing disease explanations in Japan: a cross-sectional study.

Child Health Nurs Res 2022 Jul 31;28(3):187-196. Epub 2022 Jul 31.

Professor Emeritus, Nagoya City University, Nagoya, Aichi, Japan.

Purpose: This study aimed to clarify the factors related to mothers' decisions to provide disease explanations to their children, investigate the associations between those factors and social adaptive skills, and examine support relative to children's growth and development.

Methods: Data were collected from anonymous, self-administered questionnaires answered by 71 mothers of outpatient school-aged children with congenital heart disease. The questionnaire items included characteristics of mothers and children, decision factors for providing disease explanations, and children's social adaptive skills (Asahide-Shiki social adaptive skills test). Read More

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Nutritional status and related factors among ethnic preschool children in Northern Thailand: a cross-sectional study.

Child Health Nurs Res 2022 Jul 31;28(3):176-186. Epub 2022 Jul 31.

Nursing Instructor, School of Nursing, University of Phayao, Phayao, Thailand.

Purpose: This study investigated the nutritional status of ethnic (belonging to minority groups) preschool children in Northern Thailand.

Methods: In this cross-sectional descriptive study, the sample group included 147 parents and 147 preschool children (2-6 years old). Participants volunteered to complete a questionnaire on the personal information of children and parents, as well as family- and school-related factors. Read More

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Development and evaluation of a pediatric nursing competency-building program for nursing students in South Korea: a quasi-experimental study.

Child Health Nurs Res 2022 Jul 31;28(3):167-175. Epub 2022 Jul 31.

Doctoral Candidate, College of Nursing, Daegu Catholic University, Daegu, Korea.

Purpose: The present study aimed to develop and examine the effectiveness of a pediatric nursing competency-building program for nursing students.

Methods: This was a quasi-experimental study with a nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design conducted between October and December 2021. The participants included 40 nursing students (20 each in the experimental and control groups) at a university in a South Korean city. Read More

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THERMAL RADIOFREQUENCY ABLATION COMBINES WITH CORTICOSTEROID INJECTION IN MANAGEMENT OF LUMBAR FACET JOINT PAIN: A SINGLE-CENTER STUDY IN VIETNAM.

World Neurosurg 2022 Aug 8. Epub 2022 Aug 8.

Department of Neurosurgery, University Medical Center, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. Electronic address:

Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of thermal radiofrequency ablation combining with corticosteroid injection for medial branch block in management of chronic low back pain, which originates from lumbar facet joint pain.

Methods: A prospective observational study of 82 patients with chronic lumbar facet joint (LFJ) pain undergoing thermal radiofrequency ablation combining with corticosteroid injection was conducted. Primary outcomes included pain relief and functional recovery, measured by Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), respectively. Read More

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Language and Geographic Representation of Neurosurgical Journals: A Meta-Science Study.

World Neurosurg 2022 Aug 8. Epub 2022 Aug 8.

Department of Neurological Surgery, George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Washington, DC, USA.

Objective: Medical journals have a role in promoting representation of neurosurgeons who speak primary languages other than English. We sought to characterize the language of publication and geographic origin of neurosurgical journals, delineate associations between impact factor (IF) and language and geographic variables, and describe steps to overcome language barriers to publishing.

Methods: Web of Science, Scopus, and Ulrich's Serial Analysis system were searched for neurosurgery journals. Read More

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Glaucoma Medication Adherence One Year After the Support, Educate, Empower (SEE) Personalized Glaucoma Coaching Program.

Ophthalmol Glaucoma 2022 Aug 8. Epub 2022 Aug 8.

Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, School of Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan. Electronic address:

Purpose: To assess the efficacy of the Support, Educate, Empower (SEE) glaucoma coaching program on medication adherence among poorly adherent glaucoma patients for 12 months following cessation of the intervention.

Design: Uncontrolled intervention study with a pre-post design PARTICIPANTS: The SEE cohort was recruited from the University of Michigan and included glaucoma patients age ≥ 40, taking ≥ 1 medication, who self-reported poor adherence. Electronic medication monitoring of those who completed the program continued for up to 1-year post-coaching intervention. Read More

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Incidence and Risk Factors of Immediate Hypersensitivity Reactions and Immunisation Stress-related Responses with COVID-19 mRNA Vaccine.

J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract 2022 Aug 8. Epub 2022 Aug 8.

Self-Defence Forces Tokyo Large-scale Vaccination Centre, Tokyo, Japan; Self-Defence Forces Central Hospital, Department of Urology, Tokyo, Japan.

Background: With the implementation of mass vaccination campaigns against COVID-19, the safety of vaccine needs to be evaluated.

Objective: We aimed to assess the incidence and risk factors for immediate hypersensitivity reactions (IHSR) and immunisation stress-related responses (ISRR) with the Moderna COVID-19 vaccine.

Methods: This nested case-control study included recipients who received the Moderna vaccine at a mass vaccination centre, Japan. Read More

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Effects of Virtual Reality Combined Cognitive and Physical Interventions on Cognitive Function in Older Adults with Mild Cognitive Impairment: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

Ageing Res Rev 2022 Aug 8:101708. Epub 2022 Aug 8.

School of Nursing, Jilin University, Changchun 130021, China. Electronic address:

Objective: Combined cognitive and physical interventions based on virtual reality may help delay the progression of MCI to dementia or prevent dementia. However, their efficacy is less well studied compared to pharmaceutical treatments. The purpose of this review was to evaluate the effects of cognitive and physical interventions based on virtual reality on cognitive function (global cognition, memory or executive function/attention) of older adults with mild cognitive impairment. Read More

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Echocardiographic measurements of the left heart chambers size in a large cohort of subjects: comparison of body surface area and height indexation to account for effects of obesity.

J Am Soc Echocardiogr 2022 Aug 8. Epub 2022 Aug 8.

Hospital Universitario Fundación Favaloro, Buenos Aires, Argentina; Instituto de Medicina Traslacional, Trasplante y Bioingeniería (IMETTyB), Universidad Favaloro - CONICET, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Electronic address:

Background: The assessment of cardiac chamber size in the obese population is a challenging subject. Values usually indexed to body surface area (BSA) are smaller in obese subjects and prone to overcorrection. This study aimed to find reference thresholds to account for effects of obesity from a large cohort of patients and to evaluate the indexation by height as an alternative to BSA. Read More

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A systematic review and meta-analysis of GLASS staging system in the endovascular treatment of chronic limb threatening ischemia.

J Vasc Surg 2022 Aug 8. Epub 2022 Aug 8.

Department of Vascular Surgery, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, AHEPA University General Hospital, Thessaloniki, Greece.

Objectives: To evaluate the application of the Global Anatomic Staging System (GLASS) in the endovascular treatment of chronic limb threatening ischemia (CLTI).

Methods: We performed a systematic research between June 2019 and February 2022, including articles investigating the relationship of GLASS classification with the outcomes of endovascular interventions in the treatment of CLTI. Data from the included studies were pooled and meta-analyzed. Read More

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Cathepsin C (CTSC) contributes to the antibacterial immunity in golden pompano (Trachinotus ovatus).

Fish Shellfish Immunol 2022 Aug 8. Epub 2022 Aug 8.

State Key Laboratory of Marine Resource Utilization in South China Sea, Hainan University, PR China; Hainan Provincial Key Laboratory for Tropical Hydrobiology and Biotechnology, College of Marine Science, Hainan University, PR China.

Cathepsins, as a class of protein hydrolases, are widely found in the lysosomes of many tissues and play an essential role in various physiological activities. Cathepsin C (CTSC), a lysosomal cysteine protease, is an essential component of the lysosomal hydrolase family. In this study, we identified a CTSC from Trachinotus ovatus (TroCTSC) and analyzed its function. Read More

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Decoding of motor imagery involving whole-body coordination.

Neuroscience 2022 Aug 8. Epub 2022 Aug 8.

Department of Psychology, Graduate School of Humanities and Human Sciences, Hokkaido University. Electronic address:

The present study investigated whether different types of motor imageries can be classified based on the location of the activation peaks or the multivariate pattern analysis (MVPA) of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and compared the difference between visual motor imagery (VI) and kinesthetic motor imagery (KI). During fMRI scanning sessions, 25 participants imagined four movements included in the Motor Imagery Questionnaire-Revised (MIQ-R): knee lift, jump, arm movement, and waist bend. These four imagined movements were then classified based on the peak location or the patterns of fMRI signal values. Read More

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Feasibility, Acceptability, and Preliminary Efficacy of an Intensive Clinic-Based Intervention for Children with Poorly Controlled Type 1 Diabetes.

Endocr Pract 2022 Aug 8. Epub 2022 Aug 8.

Division of Endocrinology and Diabetes, Phoenix Children's Hospital, Phoenix, AZ.

Objective: To evaluate the feasibility, acceptability and preliminary efficacy of a team-based intervention for youth with type 1 diabetes (T1D) with suboptimal glycemia as measured by hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c).

Methods: 40 participants with T1D >1 year and HbA1c ≥9.5% (80mmol/mol) enrolled in a multidisciplinary intervention that included pediatric endocrinology, pediatric psychology, and a Certified Diabetes Care and Education Specialist (CDCES). Read More

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Iliac Vein Stenting Outcomes for Patients with Superficial Venous Insufficiency Concurrent with Deep Venous Disease.

J Vasc Surg Venous Lymphat Disord 2022 Aug 8. Epub 2022 Aug 8.

Department of Surgery, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai.

Objective: Many patients present with chronic proximal venous outflow obstruction (PVOO) and superficial venous insufficiency (SVI) at the time of iliac vein stenting. This study aimed to determine if there was a difference in outcomes for patients receiving an iliac vein stent based on whether these patients had SVI.

Methods: A registry of 553 patients who underwent iliac vein stent placement for chronic PVOO from 2011-2021 was retrospectively analyzed. Read More

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Popliteal Vein Reflux Is Associated with Increased Rates of Thrombotic Complications after SSV Closure Procedures.

J Vasc Surg Venous Lymphat Disord 2022 Aug 8. Epub 2022 Aug 8.

Division of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA 02114, USA.

Background: Venous insufficiency in the small saphenous vein (SSV) is significantly less common than venous insufficiency in the great saphenous vein; the impact of popliteal vein reflux on SSV closure procedural outcomes has yet to be studied.

Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed on 150 SSV closure procedures from 2015 to 2019. Preoperative demographic analysis was performed, following which univariate analyses were performed for postoperative occlusion rates and combined rates of endothermal heat induced thrombus (EHIT) and endovenous foam induced thrombus (EFIT). Read More

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Long-term outcome of combined catheter ablation and left atrial appendage closure in atrial fibrillation patients.

Int J Cardiol 2022 Aug 8. Epub 2022 Aug 8.

Department of Cardiology, School of Medicine, Xinhua Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200092, China. Electronic address:

Background: The combined procedure of catheter ablation and left atrial appendage closure (LAAC) aims to simultaneously control the heart rhythm and reduce the risk of strokes in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). The study aims to evaluate the procedural safety and long-term outcome of the combined procedure in a large patient cohort.

Methods: Clinical data of AF patients who underwent the combined procedure was retrospectively analyzed. Read More

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The effect of continuation and maintenance electroconvulsive therapy on cognition: A systematic review of the literature and meta-analysis.

J Affect Disord 2022 Aug 8. Epub 2022 Aug 8.

Institut Universitaire en Santé Mentale de Montréal, Montreal, Canada. Electronic address:

Background: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is an effective treatment for depression, mania, and refractory schizophrenia. Its tolerability profile is established for acute treatment, but less is known regarding the effects of longer treatment courses, particularly on cognitive performance.

Objectives: To assess the effect of the long-term ECT on cognition. Read More

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