1,088,172 results match your criteria studies cancer


Physiological and pathological functions of βB2-crystallins in multiple organs: a systematic review.

Aging (Albany NY) 2021 Jun 11;13. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Changhai Hospital, Naval Military Medical University, Yangpu, Shanghai 200433, China.

Crystallins, the major constituent proteins of mammalian lenses, are significant not only for the maintenance of eye lens stability, transparency, and refraction, but also fulfill various physiopathological functions in extraocular tissues. βB2-crystallin, for example, is a multifunctional protein expressed in the human retina, brain, testis, ovary, and multiple tumors. Mutations in the βB2 crystallin gene or denaturation of βB2-crystallin protein are associated with cataracts, ocular pathologies, and psychiatric disorders. Read More

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Population-based mammography screening attendance in Sweden 2017-2018: A cross-sectional register study to assess the impact of sociodemographic factors.

Breast 2021 Jun 2;59:16-26. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Department of Translational Medicine, Diagnostic Radiology, Lund University, Skåne University Hospital, 205 02 Malmö, Sweden.

Sweden has a population-based mammography screening programme for women aged 40-74. The objective of this study was to examine the association between mammography screening attendance and sociodemographic factors in 15 of Sweden's 21 health care regions. Register-based information was collected on all mammography screening invitations and attendance during 2017 and 2018, and linked to individual-level sociodemographic data from Statistics Sweden. Read More

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Clinical benefits of precision medicine in treating solid cancers: European Society of Medical Oncology-Magnitude of Clinical Benefit Scale score-based analysis.

ESMO Open 2021 Jun 9;6(4):100187. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of Experimental Therapeutics, National Cancer Center Hospital, Tokyo, Japan; Department of Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Oncology, National Cancer Center Hospital, Tokyo, Japan; Outpatient Treatment Center, National Cancer Center Hospital, Tokyo, Japan. Electronic address:

Background: Precision and matched cancer medicine has the potential to complement the existing biomarker approaches in cancer treatment. However, despite their promising potential, certain negative results have highlighted their limitations in molecular biology-driven treatment strategies. This study aimed to evaluate the clinical benefits of precision therapies. Read More

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Affecting RNA biology genome-wide by binding small molecules and chemically induced proximity.

Curr Opin Chem Biol 2021 Jun 9;62:119-129. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of Chemistry, The Scripps Research Institute, 130 Scripps Way, Jupiter, FL 33458 USA. Electronic address:

The ENCODE and genome-wide association projects have shown that much of the genome is transcribed into RNA and much less is translated into protein. These and other functional studies suggest that the druggable transcriptome is much larger than the druggable proteome. This review highlights approaches to define druggable RNA targets and structure-activity relationships across genomic RNA. Read More

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Impact of environmental chemicals on craniofacial skeletal development: Insights from investigations using zebrafish embryos.

Environ Pollut 2021 Jun 7;286:117541. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Department of Preventive Medicine, Shantou University Medical College, Shantou, 515041, Guangdong, China; Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Breast Cancer Diagnosis and Treatment, Shantou, 515041, Guangdong, China. Electronic address:

Craniofacial skeletal anomalies are among the most common structural birth defects around the world. Various studies using human populations and experimental animals have shown that genetic and environmental factors play significant roles in the causation and progression of these anomalies. Environmental factors, such as teratogens and toxin mixtures, induce craniofacial anomalies are gaining heightened attention. Read More

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Discovery of novel N-sulfonamide-tetrahydroisoquinolines as potent retinoic acid receptor-related orphan receptor γt agonists.

Eur J Med Chem 2021 Jun 1;222:113585. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Department of Medicinal Chemistry, School of Pharmacy, Fudan University, No. 826 Zhangheng Road, Shanghai, 201203, China. Electronic address:

Cancer immunotherapy has become a research hotspot in recent years. A variety of targets were developed for small molecule immuno-oncology agents, including retinoic acid-related orphan receptor gamma t (RORγt), chemokine receptor, stimulator of interferon genes (Sting), indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO), toll-like receptors (TLR), etc. Among them, the retinoic acid receptor-related orphan receptor γt (RORγt) has gradually attracted more attention in these years. Read More

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Loss of ATRX confers DNA repair defects and PARP inhibitor sensitivity.

Transl Oncol 2021 Jun 9;14(9):101147. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of Therapeutic Radiology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06511, USA. Electronic address:

Alpha Thalassemia/Mental Retardation Syndrome X-Linked (ATRX) is mutated frequently in gliomas and represents a potential target for cancer therapies. ATRX is known to function as a histone chaperone that helps incorporate histone variant, H3.3, into the genome. Read More

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Generation of a homozygous knock-in human embryonic stem cell line expressing SNAP-tagged SOD1.

Stem Cell Res 2021 Jun 6;54:102415. Epub 2021 Jun 6.

Department of Chemistry, University of Houston, Houston, TX 77204, USA. Electronic address:

Superoxide Dismutase 1 (SOD1) is an antioxidant enzyme that protects the cells from radical oxygen species. To study the behavior of endogenous SOD1 under a microscope, we genetically modified H1 human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) to express SOD1 fused with a SNAP-tag, a protein tag that can be covalently labeled with a variety of synthetic probes. The engineered homozygous clone expressing SOD1-SNAP fusion proteins has normal stem cell morphology and karyotype, expresses pluripotency markers, and can be differentiated into all three germ layers in vitro, providing a versatile platform for imaging-based studies of SOD1. Read More

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Glycoproteogenomics: Setting the Course for Next Generation Cancer Neoantigens Discovery for Cancer Vaccines.

Genomics Proteomics Bioinformatics 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Experimental Pathology and Therapeutics Group, Portuguese Institute of Oncology, Porto 4200-072, Portugal; Institute of Biomedical Sciences Abel Salazar, University of Porto, Porto 4050-313, Portugal; Porto Comprehensive Cancer Center (P.ccc), Porto 4200-072, Portugal.

Molecular-assisted precision oncology gained tremendous ground with high throughput next-generation sequencing (NGS), supported by robust bioinformatics. The quest for genomics-based cancer medicine set the foundations for improved patient stratification, while unveiling a wide array of neoantigens for immunotherapy. Upfront pre-clinical and clinical studies have successfully used tumor-specific peptides in vaccines with minimal off-target effects. Read More

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Harnessing Biomaterials for Lymphatic System Modulation.

Acta Biomater 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Bioengineering Graduate Program, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN 46556; Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN 46556; Harper Cancer Research Institute, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN 46556; Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN 46556. Electronic address:

The lymphatic system plays an integral part in regulating immune cell trafficking and the transport of macromolecules. However, its influence on disease progression and drug uptake is understood less than that of the vascular system. To bridge this knowledge gap, biomaterials can be used to investigate the lymphatic system and to provide novel understanding into complex disease processes, including cancer metastasis and inflammation. Read More

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Microbes-mediated synthesis strategies of metal nanoparticles and their potential role in cancer therapeutics.

Semin Cancer Biol 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kumamoto University, 5-1 Oe-honmachi, Chuo-ku, Kumamoto, 862-0973, Japan; Program for Leading Graduate Schools, HIGO Program, 5-1 Oe-honmachi, Chuo-ku, Kumamoto, 862-0973, Japan. Electronic address:

Past few years have seen a paradigm shift towards ecofriendly, green and biological fabrication of metal nanoparticles (MNPs) for diverse nanomedicinal applications especially in cancer nanotheranostics. Besides, the well-known green synthesis methods of plant materials, the potential of the microbial world (bacteria, fungi, alga, etc.) in biofabrication is equally realized. Read More

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Tai Chi for health and well-being: A bibliometric analysis of published clinical studies between 2010 and 2020.

Complement Ther Med 2021 Jun 9:102748. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

NICM Health Research Institute, Western Sydney University, Penrith, NSW 2751, Australia.

The objective of this bibliometric review was to identify the volume, breadth, and characteristics of clinical studies evaluating Tai Chi published between January 2010 and January 2020. Five English and four Chinese language databases were searched. Following independent screening, 1018 eligible publications representing 987 studies were identified, which was a three-fold increase from the previous decade. Read More

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Molecular mechanisms underlying health benefits of tea compounds.

Free Radic Biol Med 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Food, Nutrition and Health, Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510080, China. Electronic address:

Tea is one of the three most widely consumed beverages in the world, not only because of its unique flavor but also due to its various health benefits. The bioactive components in tea, such as polyphenols, polysaccharides, polypeptides, pigments, and alkaloids, are the main contributors to its health functions. Based on epidemiological surveys, the consumption of tea and its compounds in daily life has positive effects on cardiovascular diseases, cancers, hepatopathy, obesity, and diabetes mellitus. Read More

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The association of family functioning with possible major depressive disorders and complicated grief among bereaved family members of patients with cancer: Results from the J-HOPE4 study, a nationwide cross-sectional follow-up survey in Japan.: Family function association with depression.

J Pain Symptom Manage 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of Palliative Nursing, Health Sciences, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, Sendai, Japan.

Context: Family functioning is a modifiable factor associated with major depressive disorder (MDD) and complicated grief (CG) among the bereaved families of patients with advanced cancer; however, the evidence regarding this association is limited.

Objectives: We aimed to explore the association of family functioning with possible MDD and CG among the bereaved families of patients with advanced cancer who died in palliative care units.

Methods: This study is a part of the J-HOPE4 study, a nationwide cross-sectional multi-purpose questionnaire survey conducted in 2018. Read More

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Characterization of the immune cell infiltration landscape in bladder cancer to aid immunotherapy.

Arch Biochem Biophys 2021 Jun 9;708:108950. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Diabetes Center, Zhejiang Provincial Key Laboratory of Pathophysiology, Institute of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, School of Medicine, Ningbo University, Ningbo, China. Electronic address:

The tumor microenvironment (TME) is composed mainly of tumor cells, tumorinfiltrating immune cells, and matrix components. Recent clinical studies have indicated that tumor immune cell infiltration (ICI) is related to the sensitivity of immunotherapy and the prognosis of patients with bladder cancer (BC). Nevertheless, up to now, the landscape of immune infiltration in BC has not been clearly defined. Read More

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Follicular thyroid cancer in a patient with Pendred syndrome.

Ann Endocrinol (Paris) 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Department of Nursing, The Jacob of Paradies University, Gorzów Wielkopolski, Poland.

We present the clinical and molecular studies of a family with Pendred syndrome, in which one affected individual developed follicular thyroid cancer. Two siblings with classic Pendred syndrome triad were operated on because of enormous multinodular goiter. Histopathology showed a follicular thyroid cancer in the male and a multinodular goiter in the female. Read More

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Primary mediastinal large B-cell lymphoma chemotherapy: Impact of chemotherapy choice.

Hematol Oncol Stem Cell Ther 2021 Jun 6. Epub 2021 Jun 6.

Department of Hematology, Kuwait Cancer Control Center, Kuwait. Electronic address:

Objective/background: Data generated from retrospective studies on primary mediastinal B-cell lymphoma (PMBCL) outcome are valuable as no prospective phase 3 trials have been conducted in this rare type of lymphoma.

Methods: Our goal was to assess the long-term outcome of 41 patients with PMBCL who were treated at the Kuwait Cancer Center. We evaluated two types of multidrug treatment, R-CHOP (rituximab, vincristine, doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide, and prednisone) and DA-EPOCH-R (etoposide, prednisone, vincristine, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, and rituximab), and determined overall survival and complete response (CR) as primary endpoints. Read More

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Circulating microRNA profile in humans and mice with congenital GH deficiency.

Aging Cell 2021 Jun 12:e13420. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Burnett School of Biomedical Sciences, College of Medicine, University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL, USA.

Reduced inflammation, increased insulin sensitivity, and protection against cancer are shared between humans and mice with GH/IGF1 deficiency. Beyond hormone levels, miRNAs are important regulators of metabolic changes associated with healthy aging. We hypothesized that GH deficiency in humans alters the abundance of circulating miRNAs and that a subset of those miRNAs may overlap with those found in GH-deficient mice. Read More

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Chloride channel accessory 1 integrates chloride channel activity and mTORC1 in aging-related kidney injury.

Aging Cell 2021 Jun 12:e13407. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Department of Medicine, Center for Renal Precision Medicine, University of Texas Health, San Antonio, TX, USA.

The mechanism of kidney injury in aging are not well understood. In order to identify hitherto unknown pathways of aging-related kidney injury, we performed RNA-Seq on kidney extracts of young and aged mice. Expression of chloride (Cl) channel accessory 1 (CLCA1) mRNA and protein was increased in the kidneys of aged mice. Read More

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Single-Dose Pharmacokinetics and Tolerability of the Oral Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Inhibitor Mobocertinib (TAK-788) in Healthy Volunteers: Low-Fat Meal Effect and Relative Bioavailability of 2 Capsule Products.

Clin Pharmacol Drug Dev 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA, a wholly owned subsidiary of Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Limited.

Mobocertinib (TAK-788) is a tyrosine kinase inhibitor under investigation for treatment of non-small cell lung cancer with activating EGFR exon 20 insertions. This study examined the safety; tolerability; pharmacokinetics (PK), including food effects; and bioavailability of mobocertinib in healthy volunteers. In part 1, fasted volunteers were randomized to placebo or mobocertinib in single-ascending-dose cohorts (20-160 mg). Read More

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The effectiveness of preoperative stoma site marking on patient outcomes: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

J Adv Nurs 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Department of Nursing, Yonsei Cancer Center, Yonsei University Health System, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Aims: This study systematically reviews the literature regarding preoperative stoma site marking and discusses the effectiveness of the procedure on complication rates, self-care deficits and health-related quality of life (HRQOL).

Design: Systematic review and meta-analysis.

Data Source: Our review was conducted following the PRISMA guidelines. Read More

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Engineered Microenvironment for the Study of Myofibroblast Mechanobiology.

Wound Repair Regen 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Department of Biomedical Engineering, State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY, USA.

Myofibroblasts are mechanosensitive cells and a variety of their behaviors including differentiation, migration, force production and biosynthesis are regulated by the surrounding microenvironment. Engineered cell culture models have been developed to examine the effect of microenvironmental factors such as the substrate stiffness, the topography and strain of the extracellular matrix (ECM) and the shear stress on myofibroblast biology. These engineered models provide well-mimicked, pathophysiologically-relavent experimental conditions that are superior to those enabled by the conventional 2D culture models. Read More

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In Situ Tumor Vaccination with Nanoparticle Co-Delivering CpG and STAT3 siRNA to Effectively Induce Whole-Body Antitumor Immune Response.

Adv Mater 2021 Jun 12:e2100628. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

PDX Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Portland, OR, 97239, USA.

The success of immunotherapy with immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) in a subset of individuals has been very exciting. However, in many cancers, responses to current ICIs are modest and are seen only in a small subsets of patients. Herein, a widely applicable approach that increases the benefit of ICIs is reported. Read More

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IL-10 and TGF-β cytokines decrease immune activation during normothermic ex vivo machine perfusion of the rat liver.

Liver Transpl 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Department of Surgery, Division of Transplantation, University of Wisconsin, School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison.

Background: Normothermic ex vivo liver perfusion (NEVLP) is a novel system for organ preservation which may improve over static cold storage (CS) clinically and offers the chance for graft modification prior to transplantation. Although recent studies have shown the presence of inflammatory molecules during perfusion, none have yet shown the effects of NEVLP on liver-resident immune cell activation. We investigated the effects of NEVLP on liver-resident immune cell activation and assessed the ability of anti-inflammatory cytokines IL-10 and TGF-β to improve organ function and reduce immune activation during perfusion. Read More

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Risk for hepatic and extra-hepatic outcomes in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease from the symposium: Non-Alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD).

J Intern Med 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Division of Diagnostics and Specialist Medicine, Department of Health, Medicine and Caring Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is defined by presence of steatosis in more than 5% of liver cells. The gold standard for diagnosis is liver biopsy, but this is seldom achieved due to costs and risk for side-effects, why the diagnosis is mostly made based on a combination of radiology and exclusion of other liver diseases. Disease severity staging can be non-invasively achieved with radiological exams such as elastography, or blood-based markers, that usually have lower sensitivity and specificity. Read More

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The prognostic significance of Flap Endonuclease 1 (FEN1) in breast ductal carcinoma in situ.

Breast Cancer Res Treat 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Nottingham Breast Cancer Research Centre, Division of Cancer and Stem Cells, School of Medicine, The University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK.

Background: Impaired DNA repair mechanism is one of the cancer hallmarks. Flap Endonuclease 1 (FEN1) is essential for genomic integrity. FEN1 has key roles during base excision repair (BER) and replication. Read More

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Geographic clustering of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma in New Jersey: an exploratory analysis using residential histories.

Cancer Causes Control 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Department of Health, New Jersey State Cancer Registry, Trenton, NJ, USA.

Purpose: Cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL) is a rare type of non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Previous studies have reported geographic clustering of CTCL based on the residence at the time of diagnosis. We explore geographic clustering of CTCL using both the residence at the time of diagnosis and past residences using data from the New Jersey State Cancer Registry. Read More

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Experimental phantom evaluation to identify robust positron emission tomography (PET) radiomic features.

EJNMMI Phys 2021 Jun 12;8(1):46. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

German Cancer Consortium (DKTK), German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), Partner Site Freiburg, German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), Heidelberg, Germany.

Background: Radiomics analysis usually involves, especially in multicenter and large hospital studies, different imaging protocols for acquisition, reconstruction, and processing of data. Differences in protocols can lead to differences in the quantification of the biomarker distribution, leading to radiomic feature variability. The aim of our study was to identify those radiomic features robust to the different degrading factors in positron emission tomography (PET) studies. Read More

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Comprehensive aptamer-based screen of 1317 proteins uncovers improved stool protein markers of colorectal cancer.

J Gastroenterol 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Houston, Houston, USA.

Background: To screen and validate novel stool protein biomarkers of colorectal cancer (CRC).

Methods: A novel aptamer-based screen of 1317 proteins was used to uncover elevated proteins in the stool of patients with CRC, as compared to healthy controls (HCs) in a discovery cohort. Selected biomarker candidates from the discovery cohort were ELISA validated in three independent cross-sectional cohorts comprises 76 CRC patients, 15 adenoma patients, and 63 healthy controls, from two different ethnicities. Read More

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Prepancreatic common hepatic artery arising from superior mesenteric artery: an exceptional but important finding during pancreaticoduodenectomy.

Surg Radiol Anat 2021 Jun 12. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

HPB Unit, Digestive Surgery Department, Nouvel Hopital Civil, University of Strasbourg, 1 Place de l'Hôpital, 67091, Strasbourg, France.

Purpose: The hepato-mesenteric trunk is an extremely rare condition in which the common hepatic artery (CHA) originates from the superior mesenteric artery (SMA). Usually, CHA passes behind the head of the pancreas. A systematic review was performed to provide guidelines for the perioperative management of patients with this anatomical variation who underwent a pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). Read More

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