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Disaster Day: A Simulation-Based Disaster Medicine Curriculum for Novice Learners.

J Med Educ Curric Dev 2021 Jan-Dec;8:23821205211020751. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Division of Simulation, Department of Emergency Medicine, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN, USA.

Background: Mass casualty and multi-victim incidents have increased in recent years due to a number of factors including natural disasters and terrorism. The Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC) recommends that medical students be trained in disaster preparedness and response. However, a majority of United States medical students are not provided such education. Read More

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Voices of the students: Adolescent well-being and social interactions during the emergent shift to online learning environments.

Educ Inf Technol (Dordr) 2021 Jun 14:1-19. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Department of Learning Technologies, University of North Texas, Denton, TX USA.

Health and safety concerns during the COVID-19 pandemic required many face-to-face United States schools to suddenly shut their doors, moving classes to virtual learning environments. Amidst concerns of technology overuse, adolescents across the country saw dramatic increases in both personal screen time use and social isolation as they learned to navigate online schooling. Understanding the impact of the pandemic-related shutdowns upon adolescent well-being, learning, and social life is critical for designing effective online learning experiences, but research provides few insights from the adolescent perspective. Read More

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Academic support for students with developmental disabilities in elementary schools: the roles and experiences of Chinese classroom teachers.

Int J Dev Disabil 2019 Dec 14;66(1):1-12. Epub 2019 Dec 14.

Chongqing Bishan Special Education School, Chongqing, China.

Objectives: The aim of the study was to explore the perspectives of elementary classroom teachers in relation to the academic support that is provided to students with developmental disabilities (DDs) in China.

Method: A qualitative research design, using focus groups, individual interviews and document analysis, was adopted to explore classroom teachers' perspectives on their roles and experiences in providing academic support to students with developmental disabilities. In this study, three focus groups consisting of 19 classroom teachers were solicited from 16 regular elementary schools across three districts in Shanghai, China. Read More

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December 2019

Mental and Sexual Health of Polish Women of Reproductive Age During the COVID-19 Pandemic - An Online Survey.

Sex Med 2021 Jun 16;9(4):100367. Epub 2021 Jun 16.

Cardiosexology Unit, Department of Pathophysiology, Wrocław Medical University, Wrocław, Poland; Men's Health Centre in Wrocław, Wrocław, Poland.

Introduction: The COVID-19 pandemic can cause emotional distress, which can in turn lead to the development of mental and physical symptoms.

Aim: We examined the association of the COVID-19 outbreak and the mental, physical and sexual health of the female Polish population.

Methods: Data were collected in an online survey distributed on social media from April 22, 2020 through to May 7, 2020. Read More

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Interpersonal Counseling for College Students: Pilot Feasibility and Acceptability Study.

Am J Psychother 2021 Jun 17:appipsychotherapy20200038. Epub 2021 Jun 17.

Department of Psychological Services, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel (Rafaeli).

Objective: University counseling centers struggle to meet the growing demand for mental health treatment by students in distress. More acutely distressed students typically receive priority, whereas those with mild to moderate depression often face longer wait times and fewer available therapy sessions. For this reason, interpersonal counseling for college students (IPC-C) was created as a brief manualized psychotherapy, suitable for students with mild to moderate depression, that maintains the core components of interpersonal counseling and integrates components from interpersonal psychotherapy for adolescents and other developmentally appropriate techniques. Read More

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Characteristics of nursing and allied health student placements in the Northern Territory over time (2017-2019) and placement satisfaction.

Aust J Rural Health 2021 Jun 16. Epub 2021 Jun 16.

Flinders Northern Territory, Flinders University, Tiwi, NT, Australia.

Objective: Assess nursing and allied health student satisfaction with their remote Northern Territory integrated learning placement and consideration of future rural/remote work Describe the characteristics of these students Examine changes in student characteristics over time.

Design: A cross-sectional survey of students and a review of student placement data.

Setting: Northern Territory, Australia. Read More

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Factors influencing nursing students' intention to accept COVID-19 vaccination: A pooled analysis of seven European countries.

Nurse Educ Today 2021 Jun 10;104:105010. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Nursing, School of Health Sciences, Hellenic Mediterranean University, Crete, Greece. Electronic address:

Background: Experiencing the third wave of COVID-19 pandemic, high vaccination coverage by a safe and effective vaccine globally would be a great achievement. Acceptance of vaccination by nursing students is an important issue as they play a decisive role as future professionals in educating patients, counselling, and guiding them to the right clinical decision.

Objectives: To explore the intention of nursing students to get vaccinated for SARS-CoV-2 infection and the factors acting either as motivators or as barriers towards vaccination. Read More

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Design, assembly and validation of a low-cost, high-fidelity simulator for heart exploration.

Gac Med Mex 2021 ;157(1):24-28

Department of Medical Sciences Integration, Faculty of Medicine, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Mexico City, Mexico.

Introduction: Heart exploration is an essential clinical competence that requires continuous training and exposure. Low availability and accessibility to patients with heart disease constitutes a barrier to acquiring this competence. Inadequate cardiac auscultation skills in medical students, residents, and graduate physicians have been documented. Read More

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January 2021

Medical student self-assessment as emergency medicine residency applicants.

AEM Educ Train 2021 Jul 19;5(3):e10578. Epub 2021 Feb 19.

University of Chicago Chicago Illinois USA.

Background: Emergency medicine (EM) applicants are encouraged to consider their own "competitiveness" when deciding on the number of applications to submit. Program directors rank the Standardized Letter of Evaluation (SLOE) as the most important factor when reviewing an applicant. Accurate insight into how clinical performance is reflected on the SLOE could improve medical students' ability to gauge their own competitiveness. Read More

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Smart glasses and video conferencing provide valuable medical student clinical exposure during COVID-19.

AEM Educ Train 2021 Jul 19;5(3):e10571. Epub 2021 Feb 19.

Department of Emergency Medicine University of Louisville School of Medicine Louisville Kentucky USA.

Background: Responses to the COVID-19 pandemic impose significant limitations on clinical education in emergency medicine.

Methods: An emergency physician with smart glasses technology (SGT) was deployed into our emergency department (ED) to identify, enable, and curate a remote ED clinical learning experience for preclinical medical students in lieu of onsite shadowing. Students were assigned to one of four (2-h) sessions in May or June 2020. Read More

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Is there a relationship between nursing students' smartphone use, their fear of missing out and their care-related behaviour?

Nurse Educ Pract 2021 Jun 3;54:103111. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Aged Care Program, Nevsehir Haci Bektaş Veli University, Health Services Vocational School, Nevşehir, Turkey. Electronic address:

Aim: This study aims to determine the relationship between smartphone use among intern nursing students, fear of missing out and their care-related behaviour.

Background: Today, smartphone use is common and fear of missing out is a prominent issue in our society; this behaviour and issue are linked and may lead to adverse consequences.

Design: The study is conducted as a cross-sectional design. Read More

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The Effectiveness of an Interprofessional Education Course in Teaching the Importance of Choosing Wisely and Resource Stewardship: A Pilot Study.

Cureus 2021 May 5;13(5):e14850. Epub 2021 May 5.

Emergency Medicine, Dalhousie University, Halifax, CAN.

Objectives Rising health care costs and an increase in unnecessary testing have sparked interest in resource stewardship (RS) and subsequently the Choosing Wisely Canada (CWC) campaign. Currently, all Canadian medical schools have student representatives for CWC; however, the same is not true in other health professions. Interprofessional care learned through interprofessional education (IPE) can lead to better patient outcomes. Read More

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Penile Calciphylaxis.

Urology 2021 Jun 4. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, Department of Dermatology and Cutaneous Biology, Associate Professor, Dermatology.

A 66-year-old male presented with five days of penile pain and ulceration. The patient had a history of stage 5 chronic kidney disease and repeatedly declined hemodialysis. Wound and urine cultures were unrevealing. Read More

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Evaluation of physical medicine and rehabilitation course for undergraduate medical students: A mixed-methods study.

J Educ Health Promot 2021 27;10:48. Epub 2021 Feb 27.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Imam Khomeini Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: The objective was to evaluate an innovative physical medicine and rehabilitation (PMR) course for undergraduate students of Tehran University of Medical Sciences and their attitude and knowledge change following course participation.

Materials And Methods: Ninety-one medical students filled the knowledge, attitude, and satisfaction forms pre- and postintervention. Nineteen medical students, two faculty physiatrists, two residents, two physical therapists, and two occupational therapists participated in the focus groups. Read More

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February 2021

The use of innovative cost-saving audience response system in orthodontic case-based learning: A potential approach in distance learning.

J Orthod Sci 2021 19;10. Epub 2021 Feb 19.

Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

Objective: To provide a cost-saving innovative audience response system (ARS) that permits typing texts and compare its efficiency to the paper-based method in case-based learning (CBL).

Materials And Methods: Orthodontic clinical cases were presented to 149 undergraduate dental students for discussion among teammates. Responses were collected using ARS-based and paper-based. Read More

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February 2021

Clinical and ethical perspectives of medical professionals towards female genital cosmetic procedures

Turk J Obstet Gynecol 2021 06;18(2):131-138

Yıldırım Beyazıt University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Ankara, Turkey

Objective: To evaluate the attitudes of medical students and professionals towards female genital cosmetic procedures (FGCPs) in terms of medical justification, applicability in practical life, ethical concerns, patient autonomy, and the clinical/social/psychological benefits-harms of these procedures.

Materials And Methods: A semi-structured questionnaire providing information about the attitudes of medical students and specialists (n=623) towards FGCPs including G-spot amplification, clitoral hood reduction, vaginoplasty, labia majora augmentation/reduction, labia minora augmentation/reduction, hymenoplasty, laser procedures, vulvar/perianal bleaching, and liposculpture, was completed by a target population and evaluated statistically.

Results: Participants stated that FGCPs could be performed only upon patient request and there could rarely be a medical indication for their performance (p<0. Read More

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The Role for Simulation in Professional Identity Formation in Medical Students.

Simul Healthc 2021 Jun 1. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

From the Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine, Center for Human Simulation and Patient Safety, Richmond, VA.

Introduction: Authentic clinical experiences and reflection are critical for medical student professional identity formation (PIF). Individualized learning plans and competency-based education accelerate time to graduation, thus creating more demand for students to gain PIF experiences early in medical education. This pilot study investigated student professional identity experiences related to participation in a clinical simulation during the first week of medical school. Read More

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How rural is rural? The relationship between rural background of medical students and their career location intentions.

Aust J Rural Health 2021 Jun 3. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand.

Objective: Rural background is associated with greater interest in rural practice. However, there is no universally agreed definition of 'rural' background used in medical school selection. This study explored the association between definitions of 'rural' background and students' intended career locations. Read More

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Social Media Usage in Improving English Language Proficiency from the Viewpoint of Medical Students.

Adv Med Educ Pract 2021 24;12:519-528. Epub 2021 May 24.

Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, College of Health Sciences, Debre Tabor University, Debre Tabor, Amhara, Ethiopia.

Background: In the world today, many people use various communication technologies, like as computer-aided equipment, the internet, and so on. In information communication technologies, people use social media as one of the tools with which to exchange their ideas in everyday communications. Hence, the present study aimed at examining social media usage in improving English language proficiency from the viewpoint of medical students among Ethiopian public university students. Read More

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Telephone Triage Simulation Activity for Prelicensure Nursing Students.

J Nurs Educ 2021 Jun 1;60(6):352-355. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Background: To meet the demands of a complex health care environment, nursing students need education that includes telephone triage in outpatient settings. Developing telephone triage communication skills requires the use of a different set of senses than in-person assessments. The purpose of this pilot study was to measure the effect of a telephone triage classroom simulation on prelicensure nursing students' knowledge and skills. Read More

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Program Evaluation Through the Use of Logic Models.

Curr Pharm Teach Learn 2021 Jul 2;13(7):789-795. Epub 2021 Apr 2.

Florida Agricultural and Mechanical University, College of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Tallahassee, FL 32307, United States. Electronic address:

Introduction: In order to effectively design and evaluate the effectiveness of a new clinical program or intervention, pharmacists must be equipped with the skills and knowledge that are obtained by familiarity and use of a logic model. Currently, most pharmacy school curricula do not include logic model exercises to instill these necessary skills into the knowledge base of doctor of pharmacy students. This report provides understanding of how a logic model can be permanently implemented into pharmacy curricula in order to develop critical thinking skills that will allow students to become more well-rounded in their future practice of pharmacy. Read More

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Instruments to Assess Physical Activity in Primary Education Students with Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Systematic Review.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 05 5;18(9). Epub 2021 May 5.

Faculty of Education, Pontifical University of Salamanca, 37007 Salamanca, Spain.

The scientific evidence supports that physical inactivity in childhood is a reality throughout the world which generates important consequences in the global development of children. Young people with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), due to the characteristics of the disorder they suffer, constitute a group at risk. Therefore, assessing the levels of physical activity (PA) in this group is fundamental for subsequent decision making and implementation of PA promotion programmes. Read More

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Ethik First - extracurricular support for medical students and young physicians facing moral dilemmas in hospital routine.

GMS J Med Educ 2021 15;38(4):Doc74. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Christian Albrechts Universität zu Kiel, Institute for Experimental Medicine, Medical Ethics, Kiel, Germany.

Moral value conflicts play an increasingly central role in everyday hospital life. Clinical ethics, however, is only marginally represented in the compulsory curriculum for human medicine and the additional education regulations. The aim of the Ethik First project at the University Medical Center Schleswig-Holstein, Campus Kiel is to close this gap with an extracurricular offer and to support medical students from the fifth clinical semester onward and during their practical year as well as assistant doctors in dealing with moral dilemmas in everyday hospital life. Read More

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Virtual Evaluation of Clinical Competence in Nurse Practitioner Students.

Med Sci Educ 2021 May 24:1-5. Epub 2021 May 24.

School of Nursing & Health Education Center, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX USA.

All in-person nurse practitioner (NP) student clinical activities were suspended in the spring of 2020 due to COVID-19. This posed a unique summer semester challenge, as students needed to complete an objective structured clinical examination (OSCE). The traditional face-to-face OSCE was revised into a virtual format using a teleconferencing platform and included the following learning objectives: obtain the medical history, describe a focused physical examination, formulate differential diagnoses, and develop an appropriate plan of care. Read More

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An End-of-Life Communication Performance Rubric: Reliability Assessment.

J Hosp Palliat Nurs 2021 May 27. Epub 2021 May 27.

Mary Louisa Kopp, PhD, RN, CHPN, CNE, is associate professor, Carroll University, Waukesha, Wisconsin. Adrienne Lynn Marie Mayberry, MSN, RN, is RN care coordinator with Ambulatory Care Management, Advocate Aurora Healthcare, Milwaukee, Wisconsin.

Nurse educators still struggle with teaching and assessing end-of-life communication skills. Many resources are available to assist in teaching end-of-life communication, but few tools exist to assess performance learning outcomes. Behavior evaluation tools must be user-friendly and provide beneficial student feedback. Read More

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Flexible rostering in nursing student clinical placements: A qualitative study of student and staff perceptions of the impact on learning and student experience.

Nurse Educ Pract 2021 May 24;54:103096. Epub 2021 May 24.

School of Health Sciences City, University of London, Northampton Square, London EC1V 0HB, UK. Electronic address:

Aim: To explore whether a flexible rostering system for nursing students during their clinical placements enhanced their experience and contributed to a positive learning environment.

Background: In England, attrition from nursing programmes is an enduring issue, often related to student experience of clinical placements. Students juggle caring responsibilities, academic assessment and additional part-time jobs to mitigate financial hardship, while they are undertaking the clinical placement aspect of their courses. Read More

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The relationship between working alliance with peer mentors and eating psychopathology in a digital 6-week guided self-help intervention for anorexia nervosa.

Int J Eat Disord 2021 May 27. Epub 2021 May 27.

Department of Psychology, Educational Science and Human Movement, University of Palermo, Palermo, Italy.

Objective: The quality of working alliance (WA) is associated with treatment outcomes across several types of psychiatric disorders and psychological interventions. This study examined the role of WA with peer mentors (people with lived experience of illness) and student mentors (graduated psychology students) in a 6-week, digital, guided self-help (GSH) intervention for anorexia nervosa.

Method: Ninety-nine patients rated weekly, for 6 weeks: (a) eating psychopathology using the short version of the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire (EDE-QS) and (b) WA with a student mentor (n = 14) or a peer mentor (n = 10). Read More

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Effectiveness of early clinical exposure in improving attitude and professional skills of medical students in current Indian medical education set up.

J Family Med Prim Care 2021 Feb 27;10(2):681-685. Epub 2021 Feb 27.

Department of Physiology, Rural Medical College, Pravara Institute of Medical Sciences (Deemed University), Loni, India.

Introduction: As a part of education reforms Medical Council of India has introduced early clinical exposure (ECE) as an important intervention in Medical teaching. It is stated in the literature, ECE helps to relieve stress of the students pertaining to patient handling, developing real-time clinical reasoning ability, communication skills, professional attitude, and patient empathy. With this view, this study was planned to assess effectiveness of early clinical exposure in improving attitude and professional skills in the current Indian medical education set up. Read More

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February 2021

The Prevalence of Binge Drinking and Alcohol-Related Consequences and their Relationship among Japanese College Students.

Tohoku J Exp Med 2021 ;254(1):41-47

Social Psychiatry and Mental Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tsukuba.

Binge drinking is a common and risky behavior among college students. In Japan, however, research on the prevalence of binge drinking and alcohol-related consequences, and the relationship between them, is currently scant. The aim of this study is to examine the status of binge drinking and alcohol-related problems, and the relationship between them, among Japanese college students. Read More

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January 2021

Survey of students' perception of the jurisprudence, ethics and business management course at the Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College.

J Can Chiropr Assoc 2021 Apr;65(1):105-120

Department of Chiropractic Therapeutics, Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College.

Introduction: The objective of this study was to survey 2018-2019 Year III students at the Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College in order explore their perceptions of the components of the revised Jurisprudence, Ethics and Business Management course.

Methods: This study was approved by the Research Ethics Board. A paper survey was distributed to all enrolled students. Read More

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