423 results match your criteria strict carnivores

Ultrasound-guided paravertebral perineural glucocorticoid injection for signs of refractory cervical pain associated with foraminal intervertebral disk protrusion in four dogs.

J Am Vet Med Assoc 2021 May;258(9):999-1006

Case Description: 4 dogs, 7.5 to 10 years of age, were presented for evaluation of signs of chronic cervical pain and forelimb lameness secondary to cervical foraminal intervertebral disk protrusion (IVDP). All dogs were refractory to ≥ 2 weeks of conservative management including strict rest and pain management with anti-inflammatory drugs, methocarbamol, and gabapentin. Read More

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An Outbreak of Subclinical Mastitis in a Dairy Herd Caused by a Novel Sequence Type (ST55).

Animals (Basel) 2021 Feb 20;11(2). Epub 2021 Feb 20.

Institute of Microbiology, University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna, Veterinärplatz 1, 1210 Vienna, Austria.

The present case report provides data on the phenotypic and genotypic properties of isolated from nine dairy cows with subclinical mastitis (SCC greater than 200,000 cells/mL in the quarter milk sample, no clinical signs) and from a cat living in the barn and reports the eradication of the pathogen from the herd with an automatic milking system. The isolates were identified using conventional bacteriology, matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry (MS) and genetic relationships were investigated by multilocus sequence typing (MLST). Udder health management and hygiene instructions comprised the removal of the carnivores from the barn, strict monitoring of milking hygiene and techniques to avoid new infections via the milking robot, with simultaneous therapy for all infected cows. Read More

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February 2021

Relationship between a plant-based 'vegan' pet food and clinical manifestation of multiple nutrient deficiencies in two cats.

J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr (Berl) 2021 Mar 3. Epub 2021 Mar 3.

Nutrition Department, Ecole Nationale Vétérinaire de Toulouse ENVT, Toulouse, France.

A topical subject in human nutrition is the steadily growing number of people choosing to limit or completely avoid all animal-derived food products either for moral dilemma, health concerns or both. To meet people's will of applying their dietary choices to their domestic animals, the pet food industry answered by launching on the market some plant-based diets. This leads to concerns about whether these diets are adequately formulated to satisfy the target species nutritional requirements, especially for cats which are still considered strict carnivores. Read More

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Eutrophication induces shifts in the trophic position of invertebrates in aquatic food webs.

Ecology 2021 03 13;102(3):e03275. Epub 2021 Feb 13.

Department of Freshwater and Marine Ecology, Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics, University of Amsterdam, P.O. Box 94240, Amsterdam, 1090 GE, The Netherlands.

Changes in the ecological stoichiometry of primary producers may have considerable implications for energy and matter transfer in food webs. We hypothesized that nutrient enrichment shifts the trophic position of omnivores towards herbivory, as the nutritional quality of primary producers increases. This hypothesis was tested by analyzing the ecological stoichiometry and stable isotope signature of primary producers and a wide range of aquatic macroinvertebrates, including primary consumers (herbivores) and secondary consumers (both potential omnivores and strict carnivores), along a eutrophication gradient in an agricultural landscape. Read More

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[GnRH agonist implants in small animal practice - what do we know 13 years following EU registration?]

Tierarztl Prax Ausg K Kleintiere Heimtiere 2020 Dec 4;48(6):420-432. Epub 2020 Dec 4.

Reproduktionsmedizinische Einheit der Kliniken - Abteilung Kleintier, Stiftung Tierärztliche Hochschule Hannover.

The availability of GnRH agonist implants offers the possibility of a reversible, temporary downregulation of endocrine and germinative testicular function in male dogs and hobs. This review provides an overview of the registered indication, the induction of temporary infertility in healthy, intact, sexually mature male dogs (4.7 and 9. Read More

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December 2020

Occurrence and genotypes of Cryptosporidium spp., Giardia duodenalis, and Blastocystis sp. in household, shelter, breeding, and pet market dogs in Guangzhou, southern China.

Sci Rep 2020 10 20;10(1):17736. Epub 2020 Oct 20.

College of Veterinary Medicine, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou, 510640, Guangdong Province, People's Republic of China.

Cryptosporidium spp., Giardia duodenalis, and Blastocystis sp. are common intestinal protozoans that infect humans and animals worldwide. Read More

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October 2020

Identification of Hepatitis E Virus in the Feces of Red Foxes ().

Animals (Basel) 2020 Oct 10;10(10). Epub 2020 Oct 10.

National Laboratory of Virology, Szentágothai Research Centre, University of Pécs, 7624 Pécs, Hungary.

Orthohepeviruses (HEV) can infect a wide range of animals, showing a relatively strict host specificity; however, its zoonotic potential, natural transmission in the wildlife are less known. Several new HEV-like viruses have been identified in various animal species, including carnivores; however, the phylogenetic relationship among these viruses is poorly resolved, since some of them were known as rodent-related so far. The red fox, the most widespread carnivore worldwide, is a known reservoir of several viruses that transmit from wildlife to humans or domestic animals; they might have a defined role in the circulation of rodent-borne HEV. Read More

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October 2020

Intentional Carbofuran poisoning in 7 dogs.

BMC Vet Res 2020 Aug 31;16(1):318. Epub 2020 Aug 31.

Department of Veterinary Toxicology, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, 3-5 Mănăştur Street, 400372, Cluj-Napoca, Romania.

Background: Carbofuran is a widely used broad-spectrum pesticide that, despite strict regulation and being banned for more than a decade, is still encountered in cases of intentional poisoning in dogs and wildlife. The objective of the study was to provide a complete and detailed description of the pathological, histological and toxicological findings of 7 cases of intentional carbofuran poisoning in dogs.

Results: In this retrospective study, 7 cases of carbofuran intoxication recorded from July 2015 to June 2017 were analyzed. Read More

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Gene expression profiles during postnatal development of the liver and pancreas in giant pandas.

Aging (Albany NY) 2020 08 15;12(15):15705-15729. Epub 2020 Aug 15.

Key Laboratory of Bio-resources and Eco-environment, Ministry of Education, College of Life Sciences, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065, China.

Giant pandas are unique Carnivora with a strict bamboo diet. To investigate the molecular mechanism of giant panda nutrient metabolism from newborn to adult, the gene expression profiles of giant panda liver and pancreas tissues collected from three important feeding stages were investigated using RNA-seq. We found a total of 3,211 hepatic and 3,343 pancreatic differentially expressed genes (DEGs) from three comparisons between suckling and no feeding, adult and no feeding, and adult and suckling groups. Read More

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Assessment of the application for renewal of authorisation of l-arginine produced by fermentation using NITE SD 00285 for all animal species.

EFSA J 2019 Jun 18;17(6):e05720. Epub 2019 Jun 18.

l-Arginine is an amino acid that is conditionally essential for mammalian neonates, some strict carnivores, birds and fish. The subject of this opinion is a request for renewal of authorisation of l-arginine produced by a strain of . The strain designation has changed to its new deposition number, NITE SD 00285, but the strain is otherwise unchanged from the previous opinion. Read More

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Special Features of Bat Microbiota Differ From Those of Terrestrial Mammals.

Front Microbiol 2020 3;11:1040. Epub 2020 Jun 3.

Wuhan Institute of Virology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan, China.

Bats (order Chiroptera) are one of the most diverse and widely distributed group of mammals with a close relationship to humans. Over the past few decades, a number of studies have been performed on bat viruses; in contrast, bacterial pathogens carried by bats were largely neglected. As more bacterial pathogens are being identified from bats, the need to study their natural microbiota is becoming urgent. Read More

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Urine creatinine concentration and urine protein-to-creatinine ratios in healthy nonracing Greyhounds.

Vet Clin Pathol 2020 Jun 5;49(2):270-278. Epub 2020 Jun 5.

Translational Research and Animal Clinical Trial Study (TRACTS) Group, Faculty of Veterinary and Agricultural Sciences, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Vic., Australia.

Background: Serum creatinine concentrations are higher in Greyhounds when compared with nonsighthound breeds. Greyhounds might also have higher urine creatinine concentrations compared with other breeds, which could affect urine protein-to-creatinine ratio (UPC) references.

Objectives: We aimed to determine the UPC reference intervals (RIs) in healthy nonracing Greyhounds and compare this with UPC values in a group of healthy nonsighthounds and with the current International Renal Interest Society (IRIS) guidelines. Read More

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Non-Arsenical heartworm adulticidal therapy using topical moxidectin-imidacloprid and doxycycline: A prospective case series.

Vet Parasitol 2020 Jun 11;282:109099. Epub 2020 May 11.

North Carolina State University College of Veterinary Medicine, 1052 William Moore Dr, Raleigh, NC, 27606, United States.

This prospective case series evaluated the adulticidal efficacy of topical 10 % moxidectin/2.5 % imidacloprid (M/I; Advantage Multi®, Bayer, Shawnee Mission, KS, USA) and doxycycline in dogs with naturally occurring heartworm infection (HWI). Twenty-two dogs with HWI whose owners declined melarsomine were treated with M/I at the preventive dosage twice monthly for 90 days then monthly thereafter and doxycycline (median [interquartile range; IQR] dosage 12. Read More

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Central residues of the amphipathic β-hairpin loop control the properties of Clostridium perfringens epsilon-toxin channel.

Biochim Biophys Acta Biomembr 2020 09 22;1862(9):183364. Epub 2020 May 22.

Institut Pasteur, Bacterial Toxins, 28 rue du Dr Roux, 75724 Paris cedex 15, France. Electronic address:

Clostridium perfringens epsilon toxin (ETX) is a heptameric pore-forming toxin of the aerolysin toxin family. ETX is the most potent toxin of this toxin family and the third most potent bacterial toxin with high cytotoxic and lethal activities in animals. In addition, ETX shows a demyelinating activity in nervous tissue leading to devastating multifocal central nervous system white matter disease in ruminant animals. Read More

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September 2020

Seroprevalence and risk factors of canine distemper virus in the pet and stray dogs in Haa, western Bhutan.

BMC Vet Res 2020 May 13;16(1):135. Epub 2020 May 13.

Kasetsart University, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Bangkok, Thailand.

Background: Canine Distemper Virus (CDV) is a highly contagious virus belonging to family Paramyxovirade, genus Morbillivirus and responsible for high morbidity and mortality in dogs worldwide. Infected domestic dogs can cause spillover infections to wild carnivores that are in contact. We conducted a seroprevalence survey of CDV in domestic dogs in two areas of western Bhutan (Haa district) located at the periphery of the Jigme Khesar Strict Nature Reserve, which is home to several endangered wildlife. Read More

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COVID-19: animals, veterinary and zoonotic links.

Vet Q 2020 Dec;40(1):169-182

Public Health and Infection Research Group, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universidad Tecnologica de Pereira, Pereira, Colombia.

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), has spread over 210 countries and territories beyond China shortly. On February 29, 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) denoted it in a high-risk category, and on March 11, 2020, this virus was designated pandemic, after its declaration being a Public Health International Emergency on January 30, 2020. World over high efforts are being made to counter and contain this virus. Read More

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December 2020

A Self-Assembling Lipidic Peptide and Selective Partial V2 Receptor Agonist Inhibits Urine Production.

Sci Rep 2020 04 29;10(1):7269. Epub 2020 Apr 29.

UCL School of Pharmacy, 29-39 Brunswick Square, London, WC1N 1AX, UK.

Lipidised analgesic peptide prodrugs self-assemble into peptide nanofibers; with the nanofiber morphology protecting the peptide from plasma degradation and improving therapeutic efficacy. Extending this learning, we hypothesised that a self-assembling lipidized peptide arginine vasopressin (AVP) receptor agonist, that had not been designed as a prodrug, could prove pharmacologically active and control urine production. The only approved AVP receptor agonist, desmopressin is indicated for the treatment of central diabetes insipidus (DI), bedwetting, haemophilia A and von Willebrand disease. Read More

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Evaluation of variables associated with outcomes in 41 dogs with incompletely excised high-grade soft tissue sarcomas treated with definitive-intent radiation therapy with or without chemotherapy.

J Am Vet Med Assoc 2020 Apr;256(7):783-791

Objective: To evaluate potential prognostic indicators for local recurrence, distant metastasis, and survival time in dogs with incompletely excised high-grade soft tissue sarcomas (HGSTSs), as defined by a mitotic index ≥ 9, that underwent definitive-intent radiation treatment (RT; ≥ 48 Gy total dose) with or without adjuvant chemotherapy.

Animals: 41 client-owned dogs with HGSTSs treated with surgical resection followed by definitive-intent RT between January 1, 2000, and December 31, 2016.

Procedures: Medical records were reviewed retrospectively, and data were collected. Read More

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Fatal canine parvovirus-2 (CPV-2) infection in a rescued free-ranging Taiwanese pangolin (Manis pentadactyla pentadactyla).

Transbound Emerg Dis 2020 May 11;67(3):1074-1081. Epub 2020 Jan 11.

Fishhead Labs, LLC, Stuart, FL, USA.

Carnivore protoparvovirus 1 includes feline parvovirus (FPV), variants of canine parvovirus-2 (CPV-2), mink enteritis virus, and raccoon parvovirus, important pathogens affecting both wild and domestic carnivores. In this report, we described a fatal CPV-2 infection in a rescued Taiwanese pangolin, which provides the first evidence of CPV-2 infection in a non-carnivore. Post-rescue, the Taiwanese pangolin died from complications resulting from a severe panleucocytopenia and bloody diarrhoea. Read More

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Tinea corporis caused by Trichophyton equinum transmitted from asymptomatic dogs to two siblings.

Braz J Microbiol 2020 Sep 9;51(3):1433-1438. Epub 2019 Dec 9.

Faculty of Biological Sciences, Institute of Genetics and Microbiology, Department of Mycology and Genetics, University of Wroclaw, Przybyszewskiego 63/77, 51-148, Wroclaw, Poland.

Each year, millions of people worldwide are affected by superficial mycoses, which are frequently caused by dermatophytes having affinity to the scalp, nails, hair and the stratum corneum of the skin. The changing reservoirs of zoophilic dermatophytes, the numerous reports of animal carrier status, and the increasing number of pets make the diagnosis difficult, which is usually impossible based only on medical history. Herein we present a case report of tinea corporis caused by Trichophyton equinum in siblings who had no contact with horses. Read More

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September 2020

Conservation threats to the endangered golden langur (Trachypithecus geei, Khajuria 1956) in Bhutan.

Primates 2020 Mar 5;61(2):257-266. Epub 2019 Dec 5.

Jigme Singye Wangchuck National Park, Trongsa, 33002, Bhutan.

Threat assessment is critical to species conservation and management planning, because prior identification and assessment of key threats to conservation planning can assist in developing appropriate interventions or strategies. Comprehensive threat assessments are currently lacking for many threatened primates. In this paper, we classify and rank all direct threats to the endangered golden langur (Trachypithecus geei) in Bhutan in order to provide a practical guide to future conservation of the species. Read More

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Feasibility of a novel 3-dimensional mathematical algorithmic computation of feline bladder volumes using point-of-care longitudinal and transverse cysto-colic ultrasonographic images.

Can J Vet Res 2019 Oct;83(4):298-312

Department of Clinical Studies, Ontario Veterinary College (Yiew, Clarke, Bateman), Department of Mathematics and Statistics, College of Engineering and Physical Science (Willms), University of Guelph, 50 Stone Road East, Guelph, Ontario N1G 2W1.

Conventional geometric formulas for estimating bladder volume assume that bladders have a perfectly uniform spheroid geometry. Bladders are often irregularly shaped, however, especially when under-filled or distorted by a full colon, which results in inaccurate ultrasonographic linear measurements and volume estimation. This pilot study investigates the feasibility, inter-observer reliability (reproducibility), robustness, and agreement of a novel 3-dimensional bladder volume computation method using bladder circumference tracing compared to a published feline linear bladder dimension formula. Read More

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October 2019

Identification of Two Independent Variants in Dogs with Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome.

Genes (Basel) 2019 09 21;10(10). Epub 2019 Sep 21.

Murdoch Children's Research Institute, Parkville, Victoria 3052, Australia.

The Ehlers-Danlos syndromes (EDS) are a heterogeneous group of heritable disorders affecting connective tissues. The mutations causing the various forms of EDS in humans are well characterized, but the genetic mutations causing EDS-like clinical pathology in dogs are not known, thus hampering accurate clinical diagnosis. Clinical analysis of two independent cases of skin hyperextensibility and fragility, one with pronounced joint hypermobility was suggestive of EDS. Read More

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September 2019

Distribution of Carnivore protoparvovirus 1 in free-living leopard cats (Prionailurus bengalensis chinensis) and its association with domestic carnivores in Taiwan.

PLoS One 2019 3;14(9):e0221990. Epub 2019 Sep 3.

Institute of Wildlife Conservation, College of Veterinary Medicine, National Pingtung University of Science and Technology, Pingtung, Taiwan.

Carnivore protoparvovirus 1 (CPPV-1) is widespread among free-living carnivores, and CPPV-1 infection may directly or indirectly impact on the population of endangered carnivore species. In this study, we used molecular screening of viral capsid protein 2 (VP2) from 2015 to 2017, to assess the prevalence of CPPV-1 infection in 9 live-trapped (LT) and 17 vehicle collision (VC)-affected free-living leopard cats (Prionailurus bengalensis chinensis). In addition, we conducted the phylogenetic analysis to evaluate the possible transmission of CPPV-1 between domestic carnivores and leopard cats. Read More

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Intestinal delta-6-desaturase activity determines host range for Toxoplasma sexual reproduction.

PLoS Biol 2019 08 20;17(8):e3000364. Epub 2019 Aug 20.

Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of America.

Many eukaryotic microbes have complex life cycles that include both sexual and asexual phases with strict species specificity. Whereas the asexual cycle of the protistan parasite Toxoplasma gondii can occur in any warm-blooded mammal, the sexual cycle is restricted to the feline intestine. The molecular determinants that identify cats as the definitive host for T. Read More

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Plasma homocysteine concentration in privately owned healthy adult cats: assessment of biological determinants and establishment of a reference interval.

J Feline Med Surg 2020 07 19;22(7):623-630. Epub 2019 Aug 19.

Nutrition, Physiopathology and Pharmacology Unit, Oniris - Nantes Atlantic National College of Veterinary Medicine, Food Science and Engineering, Nantes, France.

Objectives: The assessment of homocysteine status in diseased cats has indicated high plasma concentrations in chronic kidney disease and yielded conflicting results with respect to cardiovascular disorders. Previous investigations in small populations of normal cats revealed greater-than-expected variability in plasma homocysteine concentration. The purpose of this study was to determine biological determinants and the reference interval (RI) of plasma homocysteine concentration in the feline species, under strict pre-analytical conditions. Read More

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Incidence of bacteriuria at presentation and resulting from urinary catheterization in feline urethral obstruction.

J Vet Emerg Crit Care (San Antonio) 2019 Sep 27;29(5):472-477. Epub 2019 Jun 27.

Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

Objective: To determine the incidence of bacteriuria at the time of presentation and as a result of indwelling urethral catheterization in naturally occurring feline urethral obstruction (UO).

Design: Prospective observational study.

Setting: University teaching hospital. Read More

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September 2019

Rejections in an non-purpose bred assistance dog population: Reasons, consequences and methods for screening.

PLoS One 2019 13;14(6):e0218339. Epub 2019 Jun 13.

Department of Nutrition, Genetics and Ethology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University, Merelbeke, Belgium.

Assistance dogs aid people with various impairments on a daily basis. To become an assistance dog, a strict selection procedure and intensive training period must be successfully completed. Consequently, not every dog acquired for this purpose, becomes an assistance dog. Read More

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February 2020

Limited directed seed dispersal in the canopy as one of the determinants of the low hemi-epiphytic figs' recruitments in Bornean rainforests.

PLoS One 2019 13;14(6):e0217590. Epub 2019 Jun 13.

Faculty of Science, University of the Ryukyus, Senbaru, Nishihara, Okinawa, Japan.

Ficus species are keystone plants in tropical rainforests, and hemi-epiphytic figs play a notably important role in forest ecosystems. Because hemi-epiphytic figs have strict germination requirements, germination and establishment stages regulate their populations. Despite the ecological importance of hemi-epiphytic figs in the rainforests, seed dispersal systems by fig-eating animals under natural conditions remain unknown because of the difficulty in tracing the destiny of dispersed seeds in the canopy. Read More

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N-Glycolylneuraminic Acid as a Receptor for Influenza A Viruses.

Cell Rep 2019 06;27(11):3284-3294.e6

Department of Chemical Biology & Drug Discovery, Utrecht Institute for Pharmaceutical Sciences, Utrecht University, 3584 CG Utrecht, the Netherlands. Electronic address:

A species barrier for the influenza A virus is the differential expression of sialic acid, which can either be α2,3-linked for avians or α2,6-linked for human viruses. The influenza A virus hosts also express other species-specific sialic acid derivatives. One major modification at C-5 is N-glycolyl (NeuGc), instead of N-acetyl (NeuAc). Read More

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