J Phys Chem Lett 2021 Jun 1;12(22):5271-5278. Epub 2021 Jun 1.
Key Laboratory for Physical Electronics and Devices of the Ministry of Education, School of Electronic Science and Engineering, Faculty of Electronic and Information Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shannxi 710049, P. R. China.
The ability to engineer the surface ligands or adsorbed molecules on colloid nanocrystals (NCs) is important for various applications, as the physical and chemical properties are strongly affected by the surface chemistry. Here, we develop a facile and generalized ionic compound-mediated ligand-exchange strategy based on density functional theory calculations, in which the ionic compounds possess switchable bonding energy when they transfer between the ionized state and the non-ionized state, hence catalyzing the ligand-exchange process. By using an organic acid as the intermediate ligand, ligands such as oleylamine, butylamine, polyvinylpyrrolidone, and poly(vinyl alcohol) can be freely exchanged on the surface of Au NCs. Read More