27,279 results match your criteria strategies affect


Effects of tree canopy on psychological distress: A repeated cross-sectional study before and during the COVID-19 epidemic.

Environ Res 2021 Jul 31:111795. Epub 2021 Jul 31.

Research Institute of Forestry, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Beijing, 100091, China; Key Laboratory of Tree Breeding and Cultivation and Urban Forest Research Centre, National Forestry and Grassland Administration, Beijing, 10091, China. Electronic address:

Background: During the COVID-19 epidemic period, people showed a stronger connection to the environment within their communities. Although tree canopy in residential areas has been shown to positively affect psychological distress, it is not clear whether the COVID-19 epidemic played a role in this process. Elucidation of the relationship between tree canopy and the impact on psychological distress during the COVID-19 epidemic could provide valuable information as to the best methods to help individuals cope with urban mental stress events. Read More

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Compensatory feeding during early gestation for sows with a high weight loss after a summer lactation increased piglet birth weight but reduced litter size.

J Anim Sci 2021 Aug 3. Epub 2021 Aug 3.

Department of Animal Science, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, USA.

Sows mated in summer produce a greater proportion of born-light piglets (<1.1 kg) which contributes to increased carcass fatness in the progeny population. The reasons for the low birth weight of these piglets remain unclear, and there have been few successful mitigation strategies identified. Read More

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Unveiling the neural underpinnings of optimism: a systematic review.

Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci 2021 Aug 2. Epub 2021 Aug 2.

Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Instituto de Psiquiatria, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Optimism is a personality trait strongly associated with physical and psychological well-being, with correlates in nonhuman species. Optimistic individuals hold positive expectancies for their future, have better physical and psychological health, recover faster after heart disease and other ailments, and cope more effectively with stress and anxiety. We performed a systematic review of neuroimaging studies focusing on neural correlates of optimism. Read More

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The heterogeneous effects of urbanisation and institutional quality on greenhouse gas emissions in Belt and Road Initiative countries.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2021 Aug 3. Epub 2021 Aug 3.

Faculty of Accountancy and Management, Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman, Bandar Sungai Long, 43000, Kajang, Selangor, Malaysia.

The rise of urbanisation in Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) countries that contribute to the disruption of the ecosystem, which would affect global sustainability, is a pressing concern. This study provides new evidence of the impact of urbanisation and institutional quality on greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in the selected 48 BRI countries from the years 1984 to 2017. The models of this study are inferred by using panel regression model and panel quantile regression model to meet the objectives of our study as it contemplates unobserved country heterogeneity. Read More

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Maternal immune activation and neuroinflammation in human neurodevelopmental disorders.

Nat Rev Neurol 2021 Aug 2. Epub 2021 Aug 2.

Kids Neuroscience Centre, The Children's Hospital at Westmead, Faculty of Medicine and Health, University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Maternal health during pregnancy plays a major role in shaping health and disease risks in the offspring. The maternal immune activation hypothesis proposes that inflammatory perturbations in utero can affect fetal neurodevelopment, and evidence from human epidemiological studies supports an association between maternal inflammation during pregnancy and offspring neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs). Diverse maternal inflammatory factors, including obesity, asthma, autoimmune disease, infection and psychosocial stress, are associated with an increased risk of NDDs in the offspring. Read More

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Does Engaging Patients With Relevant Education About Long-Term Opioid Use Before Spine Surgery Affect Long-term Opioid Use? A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 2021 Aug 2. Epub 2021 Aug 2.

Brooke Army Medical Center, JBSA Fort Sam Houston, TX US Army-Baylor Doctoral Program in Physical Therapy, JBSA Fort Sam Houston, TX Army Medical Department (AMEDD) Center & School, JBSA Fort Sam Houston, TX Doctoral Physical Therapy Program, Baylor University, Waco, TX.

Study Design: Parallel-arm randomized controlled trial.

Objective: To assess the effectiveness of an enhanced video education session highlighting risks of opioid utilization on long-term opioid utilization after spine surgery.

Summary Of Background Data: Long-term opioid use occurs in more than half of patients undergoing spine surgery and strategies to reduce this use are needed. Read More

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Genetic overlap between Alzheimer's disease and blood lipid levels.

Neurobiol Aging 2021 Jul 3. Epub 2021 Jul 3.

Department of Human Genetics, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, the Netherlands. Electronic address:

Late-onset Alzheimer's disease (AD) has a significant genetic component, but the molecular mechanisms through which genetic risk factors contribute to AD pathogenesis are unclear. We screened for genetic sharing between AD and the blood levels of 615 metabolites to elucidate how the polygenic architecture of AD affects metabolomic profiles. We retrieved summary statistics from genome-wide association studies of AD and the metabolite blood levels and assessed for shared genetic etiology, using a polygenic risk score-based approach. Read More

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Identifying the Assumptions and Bias That Affect Screening and Brief Interventions for Harmful Alcohol Use.

Authors:
Brenda Johnston

J Am Psychiatr Nurses Assoc 2021 Aug 2:10783903211036494. Epub 2021 Aug 2.

Brenda Johnston, DNP, PMHNP, PMHCNS, Shepherd University School of Nursing, Shepherdstown, WV, USA.

Background: Screening for harmful alcohol use (HAU) is standard in clinical settings; however, self-reports of the quantity/frequency of use are often inconsistent with population survey data and objective assessment. Inaccuracies of self-reported alcohol use prompt exploration of patients' reluctance to share this information with their health care providers.

Objectives: The purpose of this article is to identify the assumptions and biases that affect screening and brief interventions for HAU. Read More

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First report of leaf spot disease caused by on garlic in Korea.

Plant Dis 2021 Aug 2. Epub 2021 Aug 2.

National Institute of Horticultural & Herbal Science, Horticultural and Herbal Crop Environment Division, 100, Nongsaengmyeong-ro, Iseo-myeon, Wanju-gun, Jeollabuk-do, Korea (the Republic of), 565-852;

Garlic ( L. cv.) is one of the most popular vegetables grown in Korea due to its high demand from the food industry. Read More

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Does market segmentation hinder interregional CO2 flow in China? - Evidence from China's interprovincial MRIO table.

PLoS One 2021 2;16(8):e0255518. Epub 2021 Aug 2.

Guangdong Institute for International Strategies, Guangdong University of Foreign Studies, Guangzhou, China.

China is the key player in the globalization era and is eliminating its intra-national trade barrier. This process will affect interprovincial CO2 flows. This study recalculates interprovincial CO2 flows in China by using the latest MRIO table and applies a gravity model to assess how market segmentation affects interprovincial CO2 flows. Read More

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Public Payment Rates For Hospitals And The Potential For Consolidation-Induced Cost Shifting.

Health Aff (Millwood) 2021 Aug;40(8):1277-1285

Nancy Beaulieu is a research associate in the Department of Health Care Policy, Harvard Medical School.

The theory of hospital cost shifting posits that reductions in public prices lead to higher commercial prices. The cost-shifting narrative and the empirical strategies used to evaluate it typically assume no connection between public prices and the number of hospitals operating in the market (market structure). We raise the possibility of "consolidation-induced cost shifting," which recognizes that changes in public prices for hospital care can affect market structure and, through that mechanism, affect commercial prices. Read More

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Impact of Obesity on Brexpiprazole Pharmacokinetics: Proposal for Improved Initiation of Treatment (JCP-21-Apr-212-R1).

J Clin Pharmacol 2021 Aug 2. Epub 2021 Aug 2.

Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, United States.

Brexpiprazole is an oral antipsychotic agent indicated for use in patients with schizophrenia, or as adjunctive treatment for major depressive disorder (MDD). As obesity (BMI ≥35 kg/m ) has the potential to affect drug pharmacokinetics and is a common comorbidity of both schizophrenia and MDD, it is important to understand changes in brexpiprazole disposition in this population. This study utilizes a whole-body physiologically-based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) model to compare the pharmacokinetics of brexpiprazole in obese and normal-weight (BMI 18-25 kg/m ) individuals known to be CYP2D6 extensive (EM) and poor metabolizers (PMs). Read More

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Energetics of whiskered bats in comparison to other bats of the family Vespertilionidae.

Biol Open 2021 Aug 29;10(8). Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Department of Biology, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim NO-7491, Norway.

Bats inhabit a variety of climate types, ranging from tropical to temperate zones, and environmental differences may therefore affect the basal metabolic rate (BMR) of bats from different populations. In the present study, we provide novel data on the energetics of whiskered bats (Myotis mystacinus), which is the smallest species within Chiroptera measured to date. We investigated the thermoregulatory strategies of M. Read More

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Known and Unknown Transboundary Infectious Diseases as Hybrid Threats.

Front Public Health 2021 14;9:668062. Epub 2021 Jul 14.

Orion Integrated Biosciences Inc., Manhattan, KS, United States.

The pathogenicity, transmissibility, environmental stability, and potential for genetic manipulation make microbes hybrid threats that could blur the distinction between peace and war. These agents can fall below the detection, attribution, and response capabilities of a nation and seriously affect their health, trade, and security. A framework that could enhance horizon scanning regarding the potential risk of microbes used as hybrid threats requires not only accurately discriminating known and unknown pathogens but building novel scenarios to deploy mitigation strategies. Read More

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Repair of rat cranial bone defect by using amniotic fluid-derived mesenchymal stem cells in polycaprolactone fibrous scaffolds and platelet-rich plasma.

Bioimpacts 2021 8;11(3):209-217. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

Cancer Gene therapy Research Center, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran.

Tissue regenerative medicine strategies, as a promising alternative has become of major interest to the reconstruction of critical size bone defects. This study evaluated the effects of the simultaneous application of polycaprolactone (PCL), amniotic fluid mesenchymal stem cells (AF-MSCs) and platelet-rich plasma (PRP) on the repair of rat cranial bone defects. The AF-MSCs were isolated at the end of the second week of pregnancy in rats. Read More

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Demographic Characteristics, Motivation and Perception of Change as Determinants of Memory Compensation Self-Reports After Acquired Brain Injury.

Front Psychol 2021 14;12:607035. Epub 2021 Jul 14.

Laboratoire EPSYLON EA 4556, Paul Valéry University Montpellier 3, Montpellier, France.

Introduction: Individuals with brain injuries experience cognitive and emotional changes that have long-lasting impacts on everyday life. In the context of rehabilitation, surveys have stressed the importance of compensating for memory disturbances to ease the impact of disorders on day-to-day autonomy. Despite extensive research on the nature of neurocognitive impairments following brain injury, few studies have looked at patients' perceptions of these day-to-day compensations. Read More

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Investigating practice-level and individual factors of advanced practice registered nurses and physician assistants and their relationship to resilience.

J Am Assoc Nurse Pract 2021 Jul 29. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

OSF HealthCare, Center for Advanced Practice, Peoria, Illinois, Caterpillar, Inc. Endowed Professor of Management, Foster College of Business, Bradley University, Peoria, Illinois Saint Anthony College of Nursing, Rockford, Illinois.

Background: Gaps in research persist related to practitioners' resilience, although much has been written about the need for strategies to strengthen personal resilience.

Purpose: The study's purpose was to examine practice-level (quality of physician relationship, physician presence, and autonomy) and individual factors and how they affect resilience.

Methodology: An online survey invited advanced practice registered nurses (APRNs) and physician assistants (PAs) from four states to participate in a cross-sectional study. Read More

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Health Disparities among adults cared for at an urban cystic fibrosis program.

Orphanet J Rare Dis 2021 07 31;16(1):332. Epub 2021 Jul 31.

Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health, 722 West 168th Street, New York, NY, 10032, USA.

Background: Evidence is conflicting regarding differential health outcomes in racial and ethnic minorities with cystic fibrosis (CF), a rare genetic disease affecting approximately 28,000 Americans. We performed a cross-sectional analysis of health outcomes in Black/Latinx patients compared with non-Hispanic Caucasian patients cared for in a CF center in New York City. Adult patients enrolled in the CF Foundation Patient Registry at the Columbia University Adult CF Program and seen at least once during 2019 were included. Read More

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Stress management versus cognitive restructuring in trauma-affected refugees - A follow-up study on a pragmatic randomised trial.

J Affect Disord 2021 Jul 16;294:628-637. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Competence Centre for Transcultural Psychiatry, Mental Health Centre Ballerup, Mental Health Services of the Capital Region, Ballerup, Denmark; Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Background: There is a lack of research and consensus with respect to long-term effective treatments for trauma-affected refugees. The purpose of this follow-up study of a randomised clinical trial was to investigate the effectiveness of Stress Management (SM) versus Cognitive Restructuring (CR) in treating trauma-affected refugees, six and 18 months post-treatment, respectively.

Methods: From a total of 126 refugees with PTSD, the intention-to-treat sample in the original trial, 74 patients were present at the six-month follow-up (SM; n = 37, CR; n = 37) and 34 patients at the 18-month follow-up (SM; n = 14, CR; n = 20). Read More

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The crosstalk between brain and periphery: Implications for brain health and disease.

Neuropharmacology 2021 Jul 28:108728. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

Centre for Neuroscience Studies, Department of Biomedical and Molecular Sciences, Queen's University, Kingston, ON K7L 3N6, Canada; Department of Psychiatry, Queen's University, Kingston, ON K7L 3N6, Canada; D'Or Institute for Research and Education (IDOR), Rio de Janeiro, RJ, 22281-100, Brazil; Institute of Medical Biochemistry Leopoldo de Meis, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, 21941-902, Brazil. Electronic address:

Mounting evidence indicates that signaling molecules identified primarily in the peripheral circulation can affect cognitive function in physiological and pathological conditions, including in the development of several neurological diseases. However, considering the properties of the vascular blood-brain barrier (BBB), circulating lipophobic molecules would not be expected to cross this vascular structure. Thus, if and how peripheral lipophobic molecules, such as hormones and cytokines, reach the brain to exert their reported effects remains to be better established. Read More

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Influence of Microplastics on the Mobility, Bioavailability, and Toxicity of Heavy Metals: A Review.

Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 2021 Jul 31. Epub 2021 Jul 31.

State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resources Reuse, School of the Environment, Nanjing University, Nanjing, 210023, China.

Microplastics (MPs) can pose ecological risk to the environment and have the potential to negatively affect human health, raising serious public concerns. It is recognized that MPs could act as a vector for various environmental pollutants including heavy metals and potentially influencing their mobility, fate, and bioavailabilty in the environment. However, knowledge on the mechanisms underpinning the interaction processes between MPs and heavy metals is far from clear. Read More

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How Does the Facilitation Effort of Clinical Educators Interact With Aspects of Organizational Context to Affect Research Use in Long-term Care? Evidence From CHAID Analysis.

J Nurs Scholarsh 2021 Jul 30. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

Professor, Faculty of Nursing, Edmonton Clinic Health Academy, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.

Purpose: Organizational context influences the effect of facilitation efforts on research use in care settings. The interactions of these factors are complex. Therefore, the use of traditional statistical methods to examine their interrelationships is often impractical. Read More

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The characteristics of proteome and metabolome associated with contrasting sperm motility in goat seminal plasma.

Sci Rep 2021 Jul 30;11(1):15562. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

Yunnan Animal Science and Veterinary Institute, Jindian, Panlong County, Kunming City, Yunnan Province, China.

Sperm motility is an index tightly associated with male fertility. A close relationship between seminal plasma and sperm motility has been confirmed. This study was to assess the protein and metabolite profiles of seminal plasma obtained from adult goats with high or low sperm motility using the proteomic and metabolomic strategies. Read More

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Preanalytic and analytic factors affecting the measurement of haemoglobin concentration: impact on global estimates of anaemia prevalence.

BMJ Glob Health 2021 Jul;6(7)

Population Health and Immunity Division, Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

The accuracy of haemoglobin concentration measurements is crucial for deriving global anaemia prevalence estimates and monitoring anaemia reduction strategies. In this analysis, we examined and quantified the factors affecting preanalytic and analytic variation in haemoglobin concentrations. Using cross-sectional data from three field studies (in children, pregnant and nonpregnant women), we examined the difference in haemoglobin concentration between venous-drawn and capillary-drawn blood measured by HemoCue (ie, preanalytic) and modelled how the bias observed may affect anaemia prevalence estimates in population surveys and anaemia public health severity classification across countries. Read More

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Self-assembled micelles of the (lipo) glycopeptides, teicoplanin, as taxane nanocarriers.

Nanotechnology 2021 Jul 30. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

Centro de Excelencia en Productos y Procesos Cordoba, Pabellon Ceprocor. Santa Maria de Punilla, Cordoba, 5004, ARGENTINA.

The use of nanoparticles is one of the strategies currently studied to minimize the toxicity and lack of tissue specificity of many cancer drugs used in chemotherapy. In this research the physicochemical and biological behavior of a novel self-assembled nanostructure of the antibiotic Teicoplanin (Teico) was characterized as a nanocarrier system for solubilizing highly hydrophobic drugs like Paclitaxel (Ptx) in aqueous media. The Teico micelles were loaded with Ptx in DMSO or PEG-400. Read More

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Assessing Emotion Regulation Ability for Negative and Positive Emotions: Psychometrics of the Perth Emotion Regulation Competency Inventory in United States Adults.

J Affect Disord 2021 Jul 16;294:558-567. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Stanford University, Department of Psychology, Stanford, CA, United States.

People regulate both negative and positive emotions, and their ability to do this successfully is a cornerstone of adaptive psychological functioning. However, few measures have been available to assess emotion regulation ability across both valence domains. The Perth Emotion Regulation Competency Inventory (PERCI) was recently developed for this purpose. Read More

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Treatment Algorithm for Managing Chronic Hepatitis B Virus Infection in the United States: 2021 Update.

Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 2021 Jul 27. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Division of Gastroenterology, NYU Langone Health, New York, New York.

Background And Aims: Chronic hepatitis B (CHB) infection remains the most frequent etiology of hepatocellular carcinoma globally as well as a major cause of cirrhosis. Despite vaccination, substantial numbers of persons have already been infected with hepatitis B virus and remain at risk of progressive liver disease.

Methods: In 2004, a CHB management algorithm was developed by a panel of North American hepatologists which was subsequently updated in 2006, 2008, and 2015. Read More

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A critical review of environmental and public health impacts from the activities of evaporation ponds.

Sci Total Environ 2021 Jul 15;796:149065. Epub 2021 Jul 15.

Ministry of Labor, P.C 100, Muscat, Oman.

Evaporation ponds (EVPs) are among the most cost-effective, and simple wastewater treatment technologies used in many regions/countries with high solar radiation levels. However, its operational limitations, which include the overflow of wastewater, leakages via liners, and large surface area of the EVP that is exposed to atmosphere, creates a negative feedback to the environment. Therefore, the main aim of this review study of more than a hundred works published a little all over the continents is to provide a summary of various contaminations that are associated with EVPs activities through different environmental compartments. Read More

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Prediction and Development of Preventive Strategies for Lateral Hinge Fracture During Opening Wedge High Tibial Osteotomy Based on Osteotomy Configurations.

Am J Sports Med 2021 Jul 30:3635465211028985. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Background: Lateral hinge fracture (LHF) is a major complication of opening wedge high tibial osteotomy (OWHTO) and may result in poor outcomes.

Purpose/hypothesis: The purpose of this study was to develop preventive strategies by identifying factors that affect LHFs. We hypothesized that (1) each LHF type would have different affecting factors and that (2) specific operative strategies that can contribute to the prevention of each LHF type can be developed. Read More

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App-Tailoring Requirements to Increase Stress Management Competencies Within Families: Cross-sectional Survey Study.

J Med Internet Res 2021 Jul 30;23(7):e26376. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

Department of Movement Science, Faculty of Psychology and Human Movement, University of Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany.

Background: Families experiencing high levels of psychological distress are considered a particularly vulnerable population for adverse effects on mental and physical health. Moreover, highly stressed individuals engage less in mental health promoting activities and show low stress management competencies. App-based stress interventions seem promising for the treatment and prevention of stress outcomes and might be a low-threshold solution. Read More

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