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Memory Bias and Personality Characteristics in College Students with Social Anxiety Disorder.

Trends Psychiatry Psychother 2021 Aug 19. Epub 2021 Aug 19.

Department of Neurosciences and Behavioral Sciences, Medical School of Ribeirão Preto, Universidade de São Paulo (USP), Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil.

Introduction: Some individuals are more susceptible to recall false information about events that never happened in their life. Nevertheless, there are several factors, such as personality characteristics that appear to be related to the memory performance. Social anxiety also produces memory deficits for events that happen to other people because these individuals tend to focus on their own inner selves rather than to external signs. Read More

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The journey to establishing an IT-infrastructure within the German Biobank Alliance.

PLoS One 2021 22;16(9):e0257632. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

German Biobank Node, Charité -Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany.

Background: Biobanks ensure the long-term storage and accessibility of biospecimens and corresponding data sets. Thus, they form the foundation for many research projects which may contribute to improving medical care. With the establishment of the German Biobank Node and Alliance, expertise in biobanking is bundled and strengthened. Read More

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September 2021

Pulmonary Circulation Discovery Before Ibn Nafis-Ancient Persian and Greek Theories: A Narrative Review.

Authors:
Arman Zargaran

JAMA Cardiol 2021 Sep 22. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

Department of History of Medicine, School of Persian Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Importance: The recognition of the pulmonary circulation is a complex evolution in medical history and draws on theories across eras and cultures.

Observations: This narrative review summarizes evidence suggesting that the recognition of pulmonary circulation is older than the time of Ibn Nafis. The theory of pulmonary circulation originated in ancient Persia (ad 224-637), was overshadowed by Greek theory from the 11th century, and reestablished by Ibn Nafis in the 13th century. Read More

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September 2021

Development of Digital Health Messages for Rural Populations in Tanzania: Multi- and Interdisciplinary Approach.

JMIR Mhealth Uhealth 2021 Sep 22;9(9):e25558. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

Centre for Global Health, Department of Community Medicine and Global Health, Institute of Health and Society, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.

Background: Health workers have traditionally delivered health promotion and education to rural communities in the Global South in paper leaflet formats or orally. With the rise of digital technologies, health promotion and education can be provided in innovative and more effective formats, which are believed to have a higher impact on disease prevention and treatment.

Objective: The aim of this tutorial is to illustrate how a multi- and interdisciplinary approach can be applied in the design process of digital health messages for use in the Global South. Read More

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September 2021

Incorporating gerontological and geriatrics information into picture books for 9-12 year-old children: A stakeholder engagement design.

Gerontol Geriatr Educ 2021 Sep 22:1-16. Epub 2021 Sep 22.

Institute of Gerontology, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan.

This study explored the preferences of different stakeholders when translating geriatrics and gerontology concepts into children's picture books, with the aim of developing a feasible model. Following the stakeholder engagement design and qualitative method, three types of stakeholders were enrolled: medical and educational professionals (n = 9), older adults aged over 65 (n = 9), and children aged 9 to 12 (n = 7). Individual interviews and focus groups were used to collect the views of the stakeholders as a basis for revising the picture book, as well as to analyze the opinions of different stakeholders. Read More

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September 2021

[Thalidomide and unilateral limb defects: the Italian chapter of a neverending story].

Epidemiol Prev 2021 Jul-Aug;45(4):302-309

Past director di Epidemiologia & Prevenzione;

Fifty years after the event, Italy introduced legislation to compensate malformations in children - now in their sixties - born to mothers who had been prescribed the antiemetic drug thalidomide for morning sickness. However, compensation has been denied to people 'only' damaged in one half of their body as opposed to those with bilateral malformations. The present study reviews the papers describing case series of children born with 'thalidomide embryopathy' in the UK, Germany, and other countries around 1960. Read More

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September 2021

Does it Take Two to Tango? Coming to Grips with COVID-19: A Story of the Guest and the Host.

Authors:
Samir Al-Adawi

Oman Med J 2021 Sep 1;36(5):e295. Epub 2021 Sep 1.

Department of Behavioral Medicine, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Sultan Qaboos University, Muscat, Oman.

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September 2021

Legitimate but "not for me": The role of validation in migrant entrepreneur understanding of COVID-19 business support policies in Shanghai.

Growth Change 2021 Sep 12;52(3):1482-1508. Epub 2021 Jul 12.

Department of Public Administration, School of International and Public Affairs Shanghai Jiao Tong University Shanghai People's Republic of China.

COVID-19 pandemic destroyed lives and the global economy, and in the wake left businesses struggling to re-open in urban China. The Chinese party-state implemented fiscal reforms targeted towards small businesses, however little research has evaluated business' understanding of policies and implementation, particular to the focus on rural migrant entrepreneurs. Therefore, we conducted an ethnographic case study including in-depth interviews to determine to what extent rural migrant micro-entrepreneurs understand and adopt COVID-19 business support policies at two retail markets in Shanghai amid a pandemic. Read More

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September 2021

Understanding How Nursing Students Experience Becoming Relational Practitioners: A Narrative Inquiry.

Can J Nurs Res 2021 Sep 21:8445621211034358. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

School of Nursing, Ryerson University, Toronto, Ontario.

Background: Teaching nursing students to become relational practitioners requires theoretical approaches and strategies that engender personal and aesthetic knowing. These qualities closely parallel those that define relational practice. The use of creative self-expression in supporting the development of student capacity for relational practice offers a viable approach. Read More

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September 2021

The Stroke Unit Story: Where Have We Been and Where Are We Going?

Authors:
Peter Langhorne

Cerebrovasc Dis 2021 Sep 21:1-8. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences, Academic Section of Geriatric Medicine, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United Kingdom.

Background: The concept of stroke unit care has been discussed for over 50 years, but it is only in the last 25 years that clear evidence of its effectiveness has emerged to inform these discussions.

Summary: This review outlines the history of the concept of stroke units to improve recovery after stroke and their evaluation in clinical trials. It describes the first systematic review of stroke unit trials published in 1993, the establishment of a collaborative research group (the Stroke Unit Trialists' Collaboration), the subsequent analyses and updates of the evidence base, and the efforts to implement stroke unit care in routine settings. Read More

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September 2021

Mourning My Patient, Mr Schwartz.

Ann Fam Med 2021 Sep-Oct;19(5):460-462

Department of Counseling and Human Development, Haifa University, Mount Carmel, Haifa, Israel.

The story depicts my close relationship with Mr Schwartz, an elderly Holocaust survivor, spanning over 20 years. During those years, he became a significant patient to me; during my many home visits, we often shared significant conversations about life. When Mr Schwartz was diagnosed at age 90 with advanced cancer, we made an alliance whereby I would represent him in his decision not to receive medical interventions. Read More

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The use of functional placental magnetic resonance imaging for assessment of the placenta after prolonged preterm rupture of the membranes in vivo: A pilot study.

Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 2021 Sep 21. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

Department of Women and Children's Health, School of Life Course Sciences, King's College London, London, UK.

Introduction: Preterm prelabor rupture of membranes (PPROM) complicates 3% of pregnancies in the UK. Where delivery does not occur spontaneously, expectant management until 37 weeks of gestation is advocated, unless signs of maternal infection develop. However, clinical presentation of maternal infection can be a late sign and injurious fetal inflammatory responses may already have been activated. Read More

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September 2021

A Tunguska sized airburst destroyed Tall el-Hammam a Middle Bronze Age city in the Jordan Valley near the Dead Sea.

Sci Rep 2021 Sep 20;11(1):18632. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

College of Archaeology, Trinity Southwest University, Albuquerque, NM, 87109, USA.

We present evidence that in ~ 1650 BCE (~ 3600 years ago), a cosmic airburst destroyed Tall el-Hammam, a Middle-Bronze-Age city in the southern Jordan Valley northeast of the Dead Sea. The proposed airburst was larger than the 1908 explosion over Tunguska, Russia, where a ~ 50-m-wide bolide detonated with ~ 1000× more energy than the Hiroshima atomic bomb. A city-wide ~ 1. Read More

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September 2021

[Hantavirus infection as a risk for chronic kidney disease of unknown etiology (CKDu) in Sri Lanka].

Uirusu 2020 ;70(2):175-184

Institute for Genetic Medicine, Hokkaido University.

Chronic kidney disease of unknown etiology (CKDu) has emerged in endemic areas of Sri Lanka since the 1990s. The disease is a chronic but fatal disease. Until now, heavy metals and agrochemicals have been suspected as the cause of CKDu, but it has been still unknown. Read More

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January 2020

The Evolving Story of Mesh Mid-urethral Slings: The Surgeon's Perspective.

J Urol 2021 Sep 21:101097JU0000000000002203. Epub 2021 Sep 21.

Section of Urology & Renal Transplantation, Virginia Mason Medical Center, Seattle, Washington.

Objective: To obtain the perspectives of surgeons who treat female stress urinary incontinence (SUI) and better understand their range of experiences with mesh mid-urethral sling (MUS) surgery.

Methods: This qualitative study recruited gynecologic and urologic surgeons who treat SUI. Surgeons were interviewed by phone and in-person using a standardized interview guide. Read More

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September 2021

Exploring the Birth Stories of Women on the Autism Spectrum.

J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs 2021 Sep 17. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Objective: To explore birth stories of autistic women to understand how they make sense of the experience of childbirth.

Design: Narrative analysis.

Setting: Online interviews. Read More

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September 2021

Experiences of Military Primary Care Providers during Chronic Pain Visits: A Qualitative Descriptive Study.

Pain Med 2021 Sep 20. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

College of Nursing, University of Illinois, Chicago, USA.

Objective: Chronic pain complaints are the second most common reason for outpatient primary care visits, yet a comprehensive assessment of the processes and experiences of providers during a chronic pain visit is still lacking. This qualitative descriptive study aimed to conceptualize the processes and experiences that military primary care providers go through while they assess and manage chronic pain.

Setting: Single US Army medical center. Read More

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September 2021

Story of the solitary subependymal giant cell astrocytoma: A case report and literature review.

Clin Neuropathol 2021 Sep 20. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Subependymal giant cell astrocytoma (SEGA) is the characteristic benign, slow-growing brain tumor seen in tuberous sclerosis (TS). There are several case reports of a diagnosis of SEGA in patients with no clinical or radiological diagnosis of TS. However, there is limited literature describing the tumor genetics in such cases. Read More

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September 2021

"That future age of which we can only dream": Exploring the origins of the climate crisis in the Story of Progress.

Authors:
Michael B Smith

J Hist Behav Sci 2021 Sep 20. Epub 2021 Sep 20.

Department of History, Ithaca College, Ithaca, New York, USA.

The principal source of the ecological ruptures planet Earth is currently experiencing-the unfolding climate emergency above all-is a story a small subset of humans have been telling themselves and living according to the precepts for about 300 years. Slowly and often reluctantly the number of adherents to this story has grown until there are few places on the planet where the story does not hold at least partial sway. Over the past 300 years, the Story of Progress has evolved from a possibility to an article of faith. Read More

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September 2021

Dysregulation in Subcellular Localization of Myelin Basic Protein mRNA Does Not Result in Altered Myelination in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis.

Front Neurosci 2021 1;15:705306. Epub 2021 Sep 1.

Euan MacDonald Centre for MND Research, The University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom.

Pathological hallmarks of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), including protein misfolding, are well established in oligodendrocytes. More recently, an RNA trafficking deficit of key myelin proteins has been suggested in oligodendrocytes in ALS but the extent to which this affects myelination and the relative contribution of this to disease pathogenesis is unclear. ALS autopsy research findings showing demyelination contrasts with the routine clinical-pathological workup of ALS cases where it is rare to see white matter abnormalities other than simple Wallerian degeneration secondary to widespread neuronal loss. Read More

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September 2021

An analysis of the utility of digital materials for high school students with intellectual disability and their effects on academic success.

Univers Access Inf Soc 2021 Sep 15:1-16. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Informatics Department, Kocaeli University, Umuttepe Campus, 41380 İzmit-Kocaeli, Turkey.

This study thoroughly examines the usability of digital materials, to establish a classroom environment in which technology is integrated into teaching practices using tablet computers and interactive smart boards. The study was conducted at a special education vocational school, where students with intellectual disability receive training. The integration of technology was made to the Natural Disasters unit (erosion, landslide, flood, earthquake, and digital story developed on the subject of flood) in the Social Science syllabus. Read More

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September 2021

An Epidemic for Sale: Observation, Modification, and Commercial Circulation of the Danysz Virus, 1890-1910.

Authors:
Lukas Engelmann

Isis 2021 Sep;112(3):439-460

University of Edinburgh.

This essay tells the story of the "Danysz virus," a bacterial culture that was designed and deployed to cause epidemics among rodents and was sold globally by the Institut Pasteur from 1900. Jean Danysz (1860-1928) initially identified the culture during his studies of epidemics in population cycles of common voles. His experiments turned to the ambitious goal of increasing the bacteria's virulence by emulating the rodent's animal economy in the laboratory in order to mass-produce a culture. Read More

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September 2021

The VA Storybook Program: Humanizing Care With Nurse Stories.

Nurs Sci Q 2021 Oct;34(4):398-404

Writer/Editor, William S. Middleton Veterans Affairs Hospital, Madison, WI, USA.

The Veterans Affairs (VA) Storybook Program was developed to enhance nurse-patient relationships and satisfaction with care. Personal stories about nurses were distributed to patients on a medical/surgical unit. Quantitative and qualitative evaluation data were collected from patients and nurses to capture patients' descriptions of nurses and perceptions of program value. Read More

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October 2021

"The Story I will Never Forget": Critical Incident Narratives in Surgical Residency.

Ann Surg 2021 Sep 16. Epub 2021 Sep 16.

Michigan State University College of Human Medicine Michigan Medicine, Department of Surgery Beaumont Health, Department of Surgery Yale University, Department of Surgery.

Objective: We sought to better understand what defines a critical incident experience for the surgical trainee.

Summary Background Data: Critical incidents are formative moments stamped indelibly on one's memory that shape professional identity. The critical incident technique - using participants' narratives to identify patterns and learn from their perceptions - has been explored in some healthcare settings, but there has been no inquiry within surgery. Read More

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September 2021

The Dahlgren-Whitehead model of health determinants: 30 years on and still chasing rainbows.

Public Health 2021 Sep 14;199:20-24. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Department of Public Health, Policy, and Systems, University of Liverpool, Whelan Building, The Quadrangle, Liverpool, L69 3GB, UK. Electronic address:

This year marks the 30th anniversary of the Dahlgren and Whitehead model of the main determinants of health, sometimes known as 'The Rainbow Model'. In this article, we reflect on developments over those thirty years before going on to look to the future. We start by telling the story of our model's idiosyncratic journey from initial rejection to worldwide acclaim. Read More

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September 2021

Investigation Regarding Early Cognitive Function of Women in the Postpartum Period and the Analysis of Influencing Factors.

Risk Manag Healthc Policy 2021 10;14:3747-3754. Epub 2021 Sep 10.

Department of Neurology, Guangzhou First People's Hospital, School of Medicine, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou, Guangdong, People's Republic of China.

Objective: The present study aims to assess the cognitive function of healthy full-term puerperae and compare it with the cognitive function of healthy non-pregnant women in order to analyze possible influencing factors.

Methods: The study subjects were divided into two groups: the maternal (case) group (n = 80) and the control group (n = 30). A total of 50 healthy single-birth full-term primiparous women and 30 women undergoing a second pregnancy were assigned to the maternal group, while 30 non-pregnant women matched by general data were assigned to the control group. Read More

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September 2021

Graduate Student Literature Review: Serotonin and calcium metabolism: A story unfolding.

J Dairy Sci 2021 Sep 13. Epub 2021 Sep 13.

Department of Animal and Dairy Sciences, University of Wisconsin, Madison 53706.

The peripartum period is characterized by dynamic shifts in metabolic, mineral, and immune metabolism as the dairy cow adapts to the demands of lactation. Emphasis over the past decade has been placed on understanding the biology of the large shift in calcium metabolism in particular. Moreover, research has also focused on exploring the role of serotonin during the transition period and lactation and further unraveling its relationship with calcium. Read More

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September 2021

[A story on the birth of the first electrocardiograph in China].

Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi 2021 Sep;49(9):847-850

Department of Cardiology, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Beijing 100730, China.

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September 2021

The Vaccination Cold War.

Hastings Cent Rep 2021 Sep;51(5):12-17

Surveying the early responses to the Covid-19 pandemic among nation states, one finds a veritable babel of responses, some predictable and some not. Would these results have been different half a century or more ago, when smallpox was eradicated and hopes were high that international cooperation would yield similar results for other infectious diseases? Is this a story about the stability provided by the bipolar postwar world, juxtaposed with the complex geopolitical repositioning that finally followed the collapse of the Soviet Union, or is that too rich an irony? A multipolar world may indeed be less prepared to cope with an international health crisis than a bipolar one. In any case, the patterns of global response are not only reminiscent of the Cold War era itself but also suggestive of a new vaccination cold war. Read More

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September 2021