7,154 results match your criteria storage controls

First Report of Post-Harvest Gray Mold on Hyacinth bean () Caused by in Korea.

Plant Dis 2021 Sep 15. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

National Academy of Agricultural Science, Crop Protection Division, National Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Rural Development Administration, Wanju 55365, Korea, Wanju, Korea (the Republic of), 55365;

Hyacinth bean ( L.) is a highly proteineous legume under the family . It is native to Africa, cultivated throughout the world, and recently introduced vegetable in Korea. Read More

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September 2021

Cogmed Training Does Not Generalize to Real-World Benefits for Adult Hearing Aid Users: Results of a Blinded, Active-Controlled Randomized Trial.

Ear Hear 2021 Sep 14. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Nottingham Biomedical Research Centre, Nottingham, United Kingdom Hearing Sciences, Mental Health and Clinical Neurosciences, School of Medicine, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom Manchester Centre for Audiology and Deafness (ManCAD), School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Biology, Medicine and Health, University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom Nottingham University Hospitals NHS Trust, Derby Road, Nottingham, United Kingdom Ear Science Institute Australia, Perth, Australia Faculty of Health Sciences, Curtin University, Perth, Australia.

Objectives: Performance on working memory tasks is positively associated with speech-in-noise perception performance, particularly where auditory inputs are degraded. It is suggested that interventions designed to improve working memory capacity may improve domain-general working memory performance for people with hearing loss, to benefit their real-world listening. We examined whether a 5-week training program that primarily targets the storage component of working memory (Cogmed RM, adaptive) could improve cognition, speech-in-noise perception and self-reported hearing in a randomized controlled trial of adult hearing aid users with mild to moderate hearing loss, compared with an active control (Cogmed RM, nonadaptive) group of adults from the same population. Read More

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September 2021

Plasticity of the gastrocnemius elastic system in response to decreased work and power demand during growth.

J Exp Biol 2021 Sep 15. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Biomechanics Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA.

Elastic energy storage and release can enhance performance that would otherwise be limited by the force-velocity constraints of muscle. While functional influence of a biological spring depends on tuning between components of an elastic system (the muscle, spring, driven mass, and lever system), we do not know whether elastic systems systematically adapt to functional demand. To test whether altering work and power generation during maturation alters the morphology of an elastic system, we prevented growing guinea fowl (Numida Meleagris) from jumping. Read More

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September 2021

Double-stranded RNA targeting fungal ergosterol biosynthesis pathway controls Botrytis cinerea and postharvest gray mold.

Plant Biotechnol J 2021 Sep 14. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Department of Postharvest Science of Fresh Produce, Agricultural Research Organization (ARO), Volcani Institute, Rishon LeZion, 7505101, Israel.

Pathogenic fungi cause major postharvest losses. During storage and ripening, fruit becomes highly susceptible to fungi that cause postharvest disease. Fungicides are effective treatments to limit disease. Read More

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September 2021

Ex Vivo Normothermic Preservation of Amputated Limbs with a Hemoglobin-Based Oxygen Carrier (HBOC-201) Perfusate.

J Trauma Acute Care Surg 2021 Sep 10. Epub 2021 Sep 10.

Department of Plastic Surgery, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, USA Department of Nutrition, School of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH Department of Gastroenterology Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, USA Hemoglobin Oxygen Therapeutics, LLC, Souderton, PA, USA.

Background: Ex vivo normothermic limb perfusion (EVNLP) preserves amputated limbs under near-physiologic conditions. Perfusates containing red blood cells (RBCs) have shown to improve outcomes during ex vivo normothermic organ perfusion, when compared to acellular perfusates. To avoid limitations associated with use of blood-based products, we evaluated the feasibility of EVNLP utilizing a polymerized Hemoglobin-Based Oxygen Carrier-201 (HBOC-201). Read More

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September 2021

Survival on Peaches and Nectarines under Conditions Simulating Commercial Stone-Fruit Packinghouse Operations.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Aug 31;18(17). Epub 2021 Aug 31.

Department of Animal Science, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, USA.

Recent recalls of stone fruit due to potential contamination and associated foodborne outbreaks highlight the risk for pathogen transmission through stone-fruit consumption. Particularly, surface contamination of fruits increases the risk for cross-contamination of produce during processing and storage. This highlights the need for quality control in stone fruits intended for consumption. Read More

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Persistence of Listeria innocua on Fresh Apples During Long-Term Controlled Atmosphere Cold Storage with Postharvest Fungal Decay.

J Food Prot 2021 Sep 9. Epub 2021 Sep 9.

School of Food Science, Irrigated Agriculture Research and Extension Center, Washington State University, Prosser, Washington 99350, USA.

Recent apple-related recall and outbreak events have exposed a need for better food safety controls along the supply chain. Following harvest apples can be stored under a controlled atmosphere for up to one year after harvest before packing and distribution, making the crop susceptible to many opportunities for contamination that increase the quantity of postharvest losses. Botrytis cinerea (BC) and Penicillium expansum (PE) cause significant rot-associated losses to the apple industry. Read More

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September 2021

First report of causing fruit rot of spaghetti squash in California.

Plant Dis 2021 Sep 8. Epub 2021 Sep 8.

California Department of Food and Agriculture Plant Pest Diagnostics Center, 210324, Sacramento, California, United States;

Spaghetti squash ( L. subsp. ) is a yellow-skinned squash that forms translucent spaghetti-like strands when cooked. Read More

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September 2021

TaqMan Array card testing of participant-collected stool smears to determine the pathogen-specific epidemiology of travelers' diarrhea.

J Travel Med 2021 Sep 7. Epub 2021 Sep 7.

Infectious Disease Clinical Research Program, Department of Preventive Medicine & Biostatistics, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, USA.

Background: We assessed the compliance with self-collection of stool smears on Whatman® FTA® Elute Card (FTA Card) and detection of travelers' diarrhea (TD) associated pathogens using a quantitative PCR assay (customized TaqMan® array card [TAC]), in a prospective, observational cohort of travelers.

Methods: Enrolled travelers documented symptoms on a travel diary and collected an FTA Card during a diarrheal episode, or at the end of travel if they remained asymptomatic. TAC testing was performed on FTA Cards from TD cases and 1:1 matched asymptomatic controls and 1:1 matched loose stool cases that did not meet TD criteria. Read More

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September 2021

Factors influencing the response of spermatozoa to agitation stress: Implications for transport of extended boar semen.

Theriogenology 2021 Aug 30;175:54-60. Epub 2021 Aug 30.

Unit for Reproductive Medicine, Clinic for Pigs and Small Ruminants, University of Veterinary Medicine, Hannover, Germany. Electronic address:

The shipping of liquid preserved semen is common practice in animal breeding and prior to cryopreservation for gene banking. Vibration emissions during transport may be harmful to spermatozoa. Therefore, strategies to minimize agitation-induced sperm injury are needed. Read More

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Deep-Freezing Temperatures During Irradiation Preserves the Compressive Strength of Human Cortical Bone Allografts: A Cadaver Study.

Clin Orthop Relat Res 2021 Sep 6. Epub 2021 Sep 6.

Bone Bank, National Orthopaedic Centre of Excellence in Research and Learning, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Background: Gamma irradiation, which minimizes the risk of infectious disease transmission when human bone allograft is used, has been found to negatively affect its biomechanical properties. However, in those studies, the deep-freezing temperature during irradiation was not necessarily maintained during transportation and sterilization, which may have affected the findings. Prior reports have also suggested that controlled deep freezing may mitigate the detrimental effects of irradiation on the mechanical properties of bone allograft. Read More

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September 2021

Thin Water Films Enable Low-Temperature Magnesite Growth Under Conditions Relevant to Geologic Carbon Sequestration.

Environ Sci Technol 2021 Sep 7. Epub 2021 Sep 7.

Physical and Computational Sciences Directorate, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, Washington 99354, United States.

Injecting supercritical CO (scCO) into basalt formations for long-term storage is a promising strategy for mitigating CO emissions. Mineral carbonation can result in permanent entrapment of CO; however, carbonation kinetics in thin HO films in humidified scCO is not well understood. We investigated forsterite (MgSiO) carbonation to magnesite (MgCO) via amorphous magnesium carbonate (AMC; MgCO·HO, 0. Read More

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September 2021

Detecting lysosomal storage disorders by glycomic profiling using liquid chromatography mass spectrometry.

Mol Genet Metab 2021 Aug 21. Epub 2021 Aug 21.

Clinical Biochemical Genetics Laboratory, Stanford Health Care, United States of America; Department of Pathology, Stanford University Medical Center, United States of America.

Background: Urine and plasma biomarker testing for lysosomal storage disorders by liquid chromatography mass spectrometry (LC-MS) currently requires multiple analytical methods to detect the abnormal accumulation of oligosaccharides, mucopolysaccharides, and glycolipids. To improve clinical testing efficiency, we developed a single LC-MS method to simultaneously identify disorders of oligosaccharide, mucopolysaccharide, and glycolipid metabolism with minimal sample preparation.

Methods: We created a single chromatographic method for separating free glycans and glycolipids in their native form, using an amide column and high pH conditions. Read More

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First Report of Causing Postharvest Fruit Rot on in China.

Plant Dis 2021 Sep 2. Epub 2021 Sep 2.

East China Normal University, Shanghai, China;

Mangosteen ( Linn.) is an evergreen fruit tree grown in Southeast Asia. The fruit of Mangosteen is dark purple spherical with a diameter of 5 to 8 centimeter, a hard rind and white flesh. Read More

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September 2021

Evaluation of autonomic function in children and adolescents with overactive bladder.

Int Braz J Urol 2021 Nov-Dec;47(6):1178-1188

Escola Bahiana de Medicina e Saúde Pública, Salvador, BA, Brasil.

Aims: To evaluate autonomic activity in children/adolescents with isolated overactive bladder.

Materials And Methods: Descriptive, analytical, non-interventional, cross-sectional study conducted between February 2017 and January 2018 with individuals aged between 5 and 17 years old, with overactive bladder (OAB group) or asymptomatic (control). Neurological or anatomical abnormalities, diabetes mellitus and kidney failure constituted exclusion criteria. Read More

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September 2021

Plant-parasitic nematodes affecting vegetable crops in greenhouses.

Saudi J Biol Sci 2021 Sep 1;28(9):5428-5433. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Department of Chemistry, Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Moscow, Russia.

This work focuses on investigating plant-parasitic nematodes that affect greenhouse vegetables. The study took place in the Rostov region (Russian Federation) between May 2019 and May 2020 and involved 180 samples of soil and roots of 30 different vegetables in the families (6), (8), (8), (4) and (4) from 20 intensive farming locations. In this study, 11 nematode genera were detected. Read More

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September 2021

Target of Rapamycin Complex 1 (TORC1), Protein Kinase A (PKA) and Cytosolic pH Regulate a Transcriptional Circuit for Lipid Droplet Formation.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 Aug 20;22(16). Epub 2021 Aug 20.

Yeast Signalling Networks, i3S-Instituto de Investigação e Inovação em Saúde, Universidade do Porto, 4200-135 Porto, Portugal.

Lipid droplets (LDs) are ubiquitous organelles that fulfill essential roles in response to metabolic cues. The identification of several neutral lipid synthesizing and regulatory protein complexes have propelled significant advance on the mechanisms of LD biogenesis in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). However, our understanding of signaling networks, especially transcriptional mechanisms, regulating membrane biogenesis is very limited. Read More

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Short- and Long-Term Dentin Bond Strength of Bioactive Glass-Modified Dental Adhesives.

Nanomaterials (Basel) 2021 Jul 23;11(8). Epub 2021 Jul 23.

Clinic of Conservative and Preventive Dentistry, Center for Dental Medicine, University of Zurich, 8032 Zurich, Switzerland.

This study investigated the short- and long-term effects of dental adhesives doped with nano-sized bioactive glass 45S5 (BAG) on the resin-dentin interfacial bond strength. Two etch-and-rinse adhesives (Adper Scotchbond Multi-Purpose (ASB) and Solobond Plus (SB)) and one self-etch adhesive (Clearfil SE Bond (CF)) were doped with different concentrations of BAG (5, 10, and 20 wt%). The unmodified (0 wt% BAG) commercial adhesives served as control groups. Read More

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Effect of High-Pressure Processing on Physico-Chemical, Microbiological and Sensory Traits in Fresh Fish Fillets ( and ).

Foods 2021 Jul 30;10(8). Epub 2021 Jul 30.

Department of Health, Animal Science and Food Safety "Carlo Cantoni", Università degli Studi di Milano, Via dell'Università 6, 26900 Lodi, Italy.

High-pressure (HP) treatment could lead to several advantages when applied to fish and seafood since it would affect the extension of the shelf life of this highly perishable food. In this regard, this study aimed to evaluate the effect of high-pressure treatment (500 MPa for 2 min at a temperature of 4 °C) on changes in quality on two different kinds of fresh fish fillets ( and ). Specifically, physico-chemical (VOCs, untargeted metabolomics spectra, pH and color), microbiological (, spp. Read More

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Effect of the Addition of Chia Seed Gel as Egg Replacer and Storage Time on the Quality of Pork Patties.

Foods 2021 Jul 29;10(8). Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Department of Human Nutrition, Faculty of Food Science, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, 10-718 Olsztyn, Poland.

Two types of patties were prepared: control and with chia seeds gel instead of beaten egg. The patties were cooked in the steam-convection oven, vacuum packed and stored at 4 °C. The pork patties with chia addition were characterized by similar water activity and pH values to the control samples. Read More

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Diagnosis of Mucopolysaccharidoses and Mucolipidosis by Assaying Multiplex Enzymes and Glycosaminoglycans.

Diagnostics (Basel) 2021 Jul 27;11(8). Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Nemours/Alfred I. duPont Hospital for Children, Wilmington, DE 19803, USA.

Mucopolysaccharidoses (MPS) and mucolipidosis (ML II/III) are a group of lysosomal storage disorders (LSDs) that occur due to a dysfunction of the lysosomal hydrolases responsible for the catabolism of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs). However, ML is caused by a deficiency of the enzyme uridine-diphosphate N-acetylglucosamine:lysosomal-enzyme-N-acetylglucosamine-1-phosphotransferase (GlcNAc-1-phosphotransferase, EC2.7. Read More

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Microbiological Safety and Presence of Major Mycotoxins in Animal Feed for Laboratory Animals in a Developing Country: The Case of Costa Rica.

Animals (Basel) 2021 Aug 13;11(8). Epub 2021 Aug 13.

Centro de Investigación en Nutrición Animal (CINA), Escuela de Zootecnia, Universidad de Costa Rica, Ciudad Universitaria Rodrigo Facio, San José 11501-2060, Costa Rica.

Safety and quality of compound feed for experimental animals in Costa Rica is unknown. Some contaminants, such as spp. and mycotoxins, could elicit confounding effects in laboratory animals used for biomedical research. Read More

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Vegetation composition modulates the interaction of climate warming and elevated nitrogen deposition on nitrous oxide flux in a boreal peatland.

Yu Gong Jianghua Wu

Glob Chang Biol 2021 Aug 26. Epub 2021 Aug 26.

Environment and Sustainability, School of Science and the Environment, Memorial University of Newfoundland, Corner Brook, Newfoundland, Canada.

Northern peatlands with large organic nitrogen (N) storage have the potential to be N O hotspots under climate warming, elevated N deposition, and vegetation composition change caused by climate change. However, the interactions of these three factors and the primary controls on N O fluxes in peatlands are not well-known. Here, the three factors were manipulated in a boreal bog in western Newfoundland, Canada for 5 years. Read More

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A Gas-Permeation Controllable Packaging Membrane with Porous Microspheres as Gas "Switches" for Efficient Preservation of Litchi.

J Agric Food Chem 2021 Sep 25;69(35):10281-10291. Epub 2021 Aug 25.

Research Institute of Resources Insects, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Kunming 650224, China.

Food wastage represented by the deterioration of perishable food like fruits and vegetables is a serious global problem with tremendous ethical, financial, and environmental costs. The atmosphere (CO and O) has a crucial role in food storage and can regulate physiological food metabolism and microbial growth. Modified atmosphere packaging (MAP) is a promising method used to extend shelf life and preserve the quality of perishable food; yet, its use depends on the specific gas permeability and selectivity of polymer membranes to generate an atmosphere desirable for storage. Read More

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September 2021

CO-oximetry measurements and antioxidant effects of ascorbic acid and methylene blue in equine methemoglobinemic blood.

J Vet Emerg Crit Care (San Antonio) 2021 Aug 24. Epub 2021 Aug 24.

Departament de Medicina i Cirurgia Animal, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.

Objectives: To determine the effects of time after sampling on CO-oximetry measurements of equine blood samples and the effects of adding ascorbic acid (AscAc) and methylene blue (MetBlue) to samples with methemoglobinemia.

Design: Experimental study.

Setting: University teaching hospital. Read More

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Mucopolysaccharidosis II (MPS II) in a Free-Living Kaka (Nestor meridionalis) in New Zealand.

J Wildl Dis 2021 Aug 23. Epub 2021 Aug 23.

Lifelong Health Theme, SAHMRI, Adelaide 5001 Australia.

A lysosomal storage disease, identified as a mucopolysaccharidosis, was diagnosed in a free-living kaka (Nestor meridionalis), an endemic New Zealand parrot, which exhibited weakness, incoordination and seizures. Histopathology showed typical colloid-like cytoplasmic inclusions in Purkinje cells and many other neurons throughout the brain. Electron microscopy revealed that storage bodies contained a variety of linear, curved, or circular membranous profiles and electron-dense bodies. Read More

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The effect of high-pressure jet processing on cocoa stability in chocolate milk.

J Dairy Sci 2021 Aug 18. Epub 2021 Aug 18.

Department of Food Science, Pennsylvania State University, University Park 16802. Electronic address:

Fat-free chocolate milk formulations containing skim milk, cocoa powder, and sugar were thermally treated and then processed using high-pressure jet (HPJ) technology from 125 to 500 MPa. The rheological properties and stability of HPJ-treated chocolate milks were compared with controls (no HPJ processing) prepared both with and without added κ-carrageenan. As expected, carrageenan-free chocolate milk exhibited immediate phase separation of the cocoa powder, whereas formulations containing κ-carrageenan were stable for 14 d. Read More

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Cerebellar Long Noncoding RNA Expression Profile in a Niemann-Pick C Disease Mouse Model.

Mol Neurobiol 2021 Aug 19. Epub 2021 Aug 19.

Department of Tropical Medicine, College of Preventive Medicine, Army Medical University (Third Military Medical University), Chongqing, 400038, China.

Niemann-Pick type C (NP-C) disease is a neurodegenerative lysosomal storage disorder primarily caused by mutations in NPC1. However, its pathogenesis remains poorly understood. While mounting evidence has demonstrated the involvement of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) in the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative disorders, the lncRNA expression profile in NP-C has not been determined. Read More

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High B-cell activating factor levels in multi-transfused thalassemia patients.

Transfus Med 2021 Aug 15. Epub 2021 Aug 15.

Transfusion Medicine Unit, King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand.

Objectives: To assess the associations between B-cell activating factor (BAFF) and alloimmunisation in multi-transfused thalassemia.

Background: Red blood cell (RBC) alloimmunisation is a complication of multi-transfused thalassemia. BAFF is promoting B cells that produce alloantibodies. Read More

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Microbial community composition controls carbon flux across litter types in early phase of litter decomposition.

Environ Microbiol 2021 Aug 14. Epub 2021 Aug 14.

Bioscience Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Mailstop M888, Los Alamos, NM, 87545, USA.

Leaf litter decomposition is a major carbon input to soil, making it a target for increasing soil carbon storage through microbiome engineering. We expand upon previous findings to show with multiple leaf litter types that microbial composition can drive variation in carbon flow from litter decomposition and specific microbial community features are associated with synonymous patterns of carbon flow among litter types. Although plant litter type selects for different decomposer communities, within a litter type, microbial composition drives variation in the quantity of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) measured at the end of the decomposition period. Read More

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