272,865 results match your criteria stimulated cells


Inhibition of miR-1224 suppresses hypoxia/reoxygenation-induced oxidative stress and apoptosis in cardiomyocytes through targeting GPX4.

Exp Mol Pathol 2021 May 11:104645. Epub 2021 May 11.

Department of Cardiology, Zhuji People's Hospital of Zhejiang Province, Zhuji Affiliated Hospital of Shaoxing University, Zhuji, Zhejiang 311800, China. Electronic address:

We have focused on the underlying role of miR-1224 in cardiomyocyte injury stimulated by hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R). In the current study, the rat cardiomyocyte cell line H9C2 was used to construct a H/R cell model to validate the cardioprotective effects of miR-1224. Data from the dual-luciferase assay revealed that the glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4) was a direct target of miR-1224. Read More

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A multifunctional substance P-conjugated chitosan hydrochloride hydrogel accelerates full-thickness wound healing by enhancing synchronized vascularization, extracellular matrix deposition, and nerve regeneration.

Biomater Sci 2021 May 14. Epub 2021 May 14.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Shanghai Jiao Tong University Affiliated Sixth People's Hospital, Shanghai 200233, China.

Due to the native skin limitations and the complexity of reconstructive microsurgery, advanced biomaterials are urgently required to promote wound healing for severe skin defects caused by accidents and disasters. Accumulating evidence has supported that substance P (SP) has a potential effect on skin regeneration. However, SP application is seriously impeded by its poor stability and oxidative reactions occurring during production, transportation, and storage. Read More

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Analysis of deficiency of adenosine deaminase 2 pathogenesis based on single-cell RNA sequencing of monocytes.

J Leukoc Biol 2021 May 14. Epub 2021 May 14.

Hematology Branch, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI), National Institutes of Health (NIH), Bethesda, Maryland, USA.

Deficiency of adenosine deaminase 2 (DADA2) is a rare autosomal recessive disease caused by loss-of-function variants in the ADA2 gene. DADA2 typically presents in childhood and is characterized by vasculopathy, stroke, inflammation, immunodeficiency, as well as hematologic manifestations. ADA2 protein is predominantly present in stimulated monocytes, dendritic cells, and macrophages. Read More

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Osthole improves pulmonary artery hypertension by inducing apoptosis in pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells.

J Pharm Pharmacol 2021 May 14. Epub 2021 May 14.

Key Laboratory of Basic Pharmacology of Ministry of Education and Joint International Research Laboratory of Ethnomedicine of Ministry of Education, Key Laboratory of Basic Pharmacology of Guizhou Province, Department of Pharmacology, School of Pharmacy, Zunyi Medical University, Zunyi, Guizhou, China.

Objectives: The objectives of this study were to explore the effect of Osthole (Ost) on apoptosis in pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMCs) and investigate the potential mechanism of this effect.

Methods: Rats were injected subcutaneously with monocrotaline (MCT) to establish a PAH model, and Ost were intragastrically administrated from day 1 to day 35. After 35 days administration, the mean pulmonary artery pressure and lung weight index were measured. Read More

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Innate IL-23/Type 17 immune responses mediate the effect of the 17q21 locus on childhood asthma.

Clin Exp Allergy 2021 May 13. Epub 2021 May 13.

COPSAC, Copenhagen Prospective Studies on Asthma in Childhood, Herlev and Gentofte Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Gentofte, Denmark.

Background: Several childhood asthma risk loci that relate to immune function have been identified by genome-wide association studies (GWAS), but the underlying mechanisms remain unknown.

Objective: Here, we examined whether perturbed innate immune responses mediate the association between known genetic risk variants and development of childhood asthma.

Methods: Peripheral blood mononuclear cells from 336 six-month-old infants from the Copenhagen Prospective Studies on Asthma in Childhood (COPSAC ) cohort were stimulated in vitro with six different innate ligands (LPS, CpG, poly(I:C), R848, HDMAPP, and aluminum hydroxide together with low levels of LPS) followed by quantification of 18 released cytokines and chemokines 40h after the stimulations. Read More

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Activated mesangial cells induce glomerular endothelial cells proliferation in rat anti-Thy-1 nephritis through VEGFA/VEGFR2 and Angpt2/Tie2 pathway.

Cell Prolif 2021 May 13:e13055. Epub 2021 May 13.

Department of Nephrology, First Medical Center of Chinese PLA General Hospital, Nephrology Institute of the Chinese People's Liberation Army, State Key Laboratory of Kidney Diseases, National Clinical Research Center for Kidney Diseases, Beijing Key Laboratory of Kidney Disease Research, Beijing, China.

Objectives: We aimed to investigate the underlying mechanism of endothelial cells (ECs) proliferation in anti-Thy-1 nephritis.

Materials And Methods: We established anti-Thy-1 nephritis and co-culture system to explore the underlying mechanism of ECs proliferation in vivo and in vitro. EdU assay kit was used for measuring cell proliferation. Read More

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BET inhibitors repress expression of Interferon-stimulated genes and synergize with HDAC inhibitors in glioblastoma.

Neuro Oncol 2021 May 14. Epub 2021 May 14.

Service of Neurosurgery, Lausanne University Hospital and University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland.

Background: The development of rational combination therapies is key to overcome inherent treatment resistance of glioblastoma. We aim at identifying new druggable targets by disturbing glioblastoma cells with inhibitors of Bromodomain and Extra-Terminal motif (BET) proteins to reveal cancer relevant vulnerabilities that may sensitize to a second drug. BET-proteins are epigenetic modulators and have been associated with proto-oncogene overexpression in cancer. Read More

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Linggan Wuwei Jiangxin formula ameliorates airway hyperresponsiveness through suppression of IL-1β and IL-17A expression in allergic asthmatic mice especially with diet-induced obesity.

Ann Transl Med 2021 Apr;9(8):682

Institute of Respiratory Disease, Longhua Hospital Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai, China.

Background: Obese asthma represents a disease phenotype, which is associated with worse disease control and unresponsiveness to standard anti-inflammatory regimens, including inhaled corticosteroids. Obesity-related innate airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) plays a role in this asthma phenotype via activation of the IL-1β/innate lymphoid cell 3 (ILC3)/IL-17A pathway. Linggan Wuwei Jiangxin (LGWWJX) formula may be a promising therapeutic option for obese asthma according to traditional Chinese medicine theory, clinical experience and related research. Read More

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Gradient nanostructured titanium stimulates cell responses and enhances osseointegration .

Ann Transl Med 2021 Apr;9(7):531

School and Hospital of Stomatology, China Medical University, Liaoning Provincial Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases, Shenyang, China.

Background: Though titanium (Ti) is widely used as dental materials in the clinic, effective methods to treat Ti for higher surface biological activity still lack. Through Surface mechanical attrition treatment (SMAT) technology we could endow Ti with gradient nanostructured surface (GNS Ti). To investigate the biocompatibility of GNS Ti for its further application in dental implant field, we study the effects of GNS Ti on cell responses in vitro and osseointegration of the implant with surrounding bone tissues . Read More

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CHI3L1 alleviate acute liver injury by inhibiting Th1 cells differentiation through STAT3 signaling pathway.

Ann Transl Med 2021 Apr;9(7):529

Liver Transplantation Center, First Affiliated Hospital, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China.

Background: Acute liver injury (ALI) is a severe liver disease. Chitinase 3-like-1 (CHI3L1), a protein belonging to the glycosyl hydrolase family 18, is involved in many diseases, such as inflammatory diseases, bacterial infections, and various malignant tumors; however, the function of CHI3L1 in ALI remains unclear. The objective of this study was to evaluate the protective functions of CHI3L1 against thioacetamide (TAA)-induced ALI in mice and explore its potential mechanisms. Read More

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Role of ARK5 in cancer and other diseases (Review).

Exp Ther Med 2021 Jul 2;22(1):697. Epub 2021 May 2.

Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, Nanchang, Jiangxi 330006, P.R. China.

Malignant tumors are often exposed to hypoxic and glucose-starved microenvironments. AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is an energy sensor that is stimulated during energy-deficient conditions and protects cells from hypoxic injury by regulating metabolism. AMPK-related protein kinase 5 (ARK5) is a member of the catalytic sub-unit of the AMPK family and has an important role in energy regulation and hypoxia. Read More

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Annexin A2-Mediated Plasminogen Activation in Endothelial Cells Contributes to the Proangiogenic Effect of Adenosine A Receptors.

Front Pharmacol 2021 27;12:654104. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Departament of Pharmacology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitat de València, Valencia, Spain.

Adenosine A receptor mediates the promotion of wound healing and revascularization of injured tissue, in healthy and animals with impaired wound healing, through a mechanism depending upon tissue plasminogen activator (tPA), a component of the fibrinolytic system. In order to evaluate the contribution of plasmin generation in the proangiogenic effect of adenosine A receptor activation, we determined the expression and secretion of t-PA, urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA), plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) and annexin A2 by human dermal microvascular endothelial cells stimulated by the selective agonist CGS-21680. The plasmin generation was assayed through an enzymatic assay and the proangiogenic effect was studied using an endothelial tube formation assay in Matrigel. Read More

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Frutescone O from Blocked TLR4-Mediated Myd88/NF-κB and MAPK Signaling Pathways in LPS Induced RAW264.7 Macrophages.

Front Pharmacol 2021 27;12:643188. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Institute of Pharmaceutical Science, China Pharmaceutical University, Nanjing, China.

Frutescone O was isolated from the aerial parts of L., which was commonly used as a folk medicinal material for treating anti-inflammatory disease in South East Asia. This study aimed to investigate the anti-inflammatory activity and related signaling cascade of Frutescone O (Fru) in LPS induced RAW264. Read More

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Kartogenin prevents cartilage degradation and alleviates osteoarthritis progression in mice via the miR-146a/NRF2 axis.

Cell Death Dis 2021 May 13;12(5):483. Epub 2021 May 13.

Department of Orthopaedics, The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Soochow University, Suzhou, China.

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a common articular degenerative disease characterized by loss of cartilage matrix and subchondral bone sclerosis. Kartogenin (KGN) has been reported to improve chondrogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells. However, the therapeutic effect of KGN on OA-induced cartilage degeneration was still unclear. Read More

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Inhibition of CCL7 derived from Mo-MDSCs prevents metastatic progression from latency in colorectal cancer.

Cell Death Dis 2021 May 13;12(5):484. Epub 2021 May 13.

Department of Pathology, Nanfang Hospital and Basic Medical College, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, 510515,, Guangdong Province, People's Republic of China.

In colorectal cancer (CRC), overt metastases often appear after years of latency. But the signals that cause micro-metastatic cells to remain indolent, thereby enabling them to survive for extended periods of time, are unclear. Immunofluorescence and co-immunoprecipitation assays were used to explore the co-localization of CCL7 and CCR2. Read More

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Combining AFM13, a bispecific CD30/CD16 antibody, with cytokine-activated cord blood-derived NK cells facilitates CAR-like responses against CD30+ malignancies.

Clin Cancer Res 2021 May 13. Epub 2021 May 13.

Institute of Bioinformatics & IBM Bio-computational Laboratory, Zhejiang University, China.

Purpose: Natural killer (NK) cell recognition and function against NK-resistant cancers remains substantial barriers to the broad application of NK cell immunotherapy. Potential solutions include bispecific engagers that target NK cell activity via an NK activating receptor when simultaneously targeting a tumor-specific antigen, as well as enhancing functionality using IL-12/15/18 cytokine pre-activation.

Experimental Design: We assessed single-cell NK cell responses stimulated by the tetravalent bispecific antibody AFM13 that binds CD30 on leukemia/lymphoma targets and CD16A on various types of NK cells using mass cytometry and cytotoxicity assays. Read More

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Oleuropein attenuates the 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD)-perturbing effects on pancreatic β-cells.

J Environ Sci Health A Tox Hazard Subst Environ Eng 2021 May 13:1-10. Epub 2021 May 13.

Department of Endocrinology & Metabolism, Kyung Hee University Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) is an endocrine disrupting compound and persistent organic pollutant that has been associated with diabetes in several epidemiological studies. Oleuropein, a major phenolic compound in olive fruit, is a superior antioxidant and radical scavenger. This study aimed to examine the effects of oleuropein against TCDD-induced stress response in a pancreatic beta cell line, INS-1 cells. Read More

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New stilbenoligan and flavonoid from the roots of Pojark. and their anti-inflammatory activity.

J Asian Nat Prod Res 2021 May 14:1-10. Epub 2021 May 14.

Institute of Medicinal Plant Development, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100193, China.

A phytochemical investigation on the 80% ethanol extract of the roots of Pojark. resulted in the isolation of 20 compounds, including two new ones, named kompasinol P () and 3,5,7,2',3'-pentahydroxy-4'-methoxyisoflavanone (). Among them, a pair of enantiomers, (7, 8 , 7', 8')kompasinol A ( and (7 , 8, 7', 8')-kompasinol A (), were successfully separated by the chiral-phase HPLC resolution for the first time. Read More

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Expression of Grainyhead-like 2 in the Process of Ductal Development of Mouse Mammary Gland.

J Histochem Cytochem 2021 May 14:221554211013715. Epub 2021 May 14.

Department of Biomedical Sciences, Graduate School of Veterinary Medicine, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan.

Grainyhead-like 2 (Grhl2) is a transcription factor regulating cell adhesion genes. Grhl2 acts as an epithelial-mesenchymal transition suppressor, and it is a proto-oncogene involved in estrogen-stimulated breast cancer proliferation. However, its expression during ovarian hormone-dependent mammary ductal development remains obscure. Read More

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Cyclophilin A regulates secretion of tumour-derived extracellular vesicles.

Transl Oncol 2021 May 10;14(8):101112. Epub 2021 May 10.

UCD School of Biomolecular & Biomedical Science, Conway Institute, University College Dublin (UCD), Belfield, Dublin 4, Ireland. Electronic address:

Extracellular Vesicles (EVs) are a heterogenous population of particles that play an important role in cell-cell communication in physiological and pathophysiological situations. In this study we reveal that the peptidyl prolyl isomerase Cyclophilin A (CypA) is enriched in cancer-derived EVs from a range of haematopoietic malignancies. CypA-enriched blood cancer EVs were taken up by normal monocytes independent of EV surface trypsin-sensitive proteins and potently stimulated pro-inflammatory MMP9 and IL-6 secretion. Read More

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MicroRNA-211 regulates the expression of TAB1 and inhibits the NF-κB signaling pathway in lipopolysaccharide-induced endometritis.

Int Immunopharmacol 2021 May 10;96:107668. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:

Endometritis is a common postpartum inflammatory disease that endangers the reproductive health of humans and animals. Emerging evidence shows that microRNA is a new type of therapeutic molecule that plays a vital role in many diseases; however, its mechanism of action in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced endometritis is still unclear. This study aims to investigate the regulatory role of miR-211 in the innate immune response involved in endometritis, and to evaluate its potential therapeutic value. Read More

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A low-temperature-printed hierarchical porous sponge-like scaffold that promotes cell-material interaction and modulates paracrine activity of MSCs for vascularized bone regeneration.

Biomaterials 2021 Apr 30;274:120841. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Clinical and Translational Research Center for 3D Printing Technology, Medical 3D Printing Innovation Research Center, Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, 200125, China; Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Orthopaedic Implants, Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, 200011, China. Electronic address:

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) secrete paracrine trophic factors that are beneficial for tissue regeneration. In this study, a sponge-like scaffold with hierarchical and interconnected pores was developed using low-temperature deposition modeling (LDM) printing. Its effects on the cellular behavior, especially on the paracrine secretion patterns of MSCs, were comprehensively investigated. Read More

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Identification of bioactive compounds from mulberry enhancing glucose-stimulated insulin secretion.

Bioorg Med Chem Lett 2021 May 10:128096. Epub 2021 May 10.

College of Korean Medicine, Gachon University, Seongnam 13120, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Previously, we isolated six heterocyclic compounds (1-6) from the fruits of mulberry trees (Morus alba L.) and determined that loliolide affords rat pancreatic islet β-cell (INS-1) protection against streptozotocin‑induced cytotoxicity. In the present study, we further investigated the effect of the six heterocyclic compounds (1-6) on glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS) in INS-1 cells. Read More

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New sterols from the South China Sea sponges Halichondria sp.

Fitoterapia 2021 May 10:104918. Epub 2021 May 10.

State Key Laboratory of Drug Research, Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 555 Zu Chong Zhi Road, Zhangjiang Hi-Tech Park, Shanghai 201203, China; Open Studio for Druggability Research of Marine Natural Products, Pilot National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology (Qingdao), 1 Wenhai Road, Aoshanwei, Jimo, Qingdao 266237, China. Electronic address:

A detailed chemical investigation of two specimen of South China Sea sponges Halichondria sp. (No. 19-XD-47 and No. Read More

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IFN-β, but not IFN-α, is Responsible for the Pro-Bacterial Effect of Type I Interferon.

Cell Physiol Biochem 2021 May;55(3):256-264

Department of Immunology and Microbial Science, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA, USA,

Background/aims: During an immune response, type I interferon (IFN-I) signaling induces a wide range of changes, including those which are required to overcome viral infection and those which suppress cytotoxic T cells to avoid immunopathology. During certain bacterial infections, IFN-I signaling exerts largely detrimental effects. Although the IFN-I family of proteins all share one common receptor, biologic responses to signaling vary depending on IFN-I subtype. Read More

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Silencing Hoxa2 reverses dexamethasone-induced dysfunction of MC3T3-E1 osteoblasts and osteoporosis in rats.

Adv Clin Exp Med 2021 May 13. Epub 2021 May 13.

Department of Orthopedics, Liuzhou People's Hospital, Guangxi Medical University, China.

Background: Osteoporosis is damaging the health of women worldwide. Osteoporosis results from the imbalance between bone resorption and formation, which may be regulated by homeobox A2 (Hoxa2). However, the specific role and mechanism of Hoxa2 in osteogenesis and dexamethasone (Dex)-induced osteoporosis remain unknown. Read More

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Studies of involvement of G-protein coupled receptor-3 in cannabidiol effects on inflammatory responses of mouse primary astrocytes and microglia.

PLoS One 2021 13;16(5):e0251677. Epub 2021 May 13.

Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, Kentucky Lions Eye Center, University of Louisville, School of Medicine, Louisville, Kentucky, United States of America.

Cannabidiol (CBD) exhibits anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective properties and is suggested to be effective in the pre-clinical and clinical treatment of illnesses of the central nervous system (CNS). Two major types of CNS glial cells, astrocytes and microglia, play critical roles in the development and pathogenesis of CNS diseases. However, the mechanisms by which CBD plays an anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective role for these glial cells have not been fully elucidated. Read More

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The natural sequence of events in larval settlement and metamorphosis of Hydroides elegans (Polychaeta; Serpulidae).

PLoS One 2021 13;16(5):e0249692. Epub 2021 May 13.

Kewalo Marine Laboratory, University of Hawai'i at Mānoa, Honolulu, Hawai'i, United States of America.

The broadly distributed serpulid worm Hydroides elegans has become a model organism for studies of marine biofouling, development and the processes of larval settlement and metamorphosis induced by surface microbial films. Contrasting descriptions of the initial events of these recruitment processes, whether settlement is induced by (1) natural multi-species biofilms, (2) biofilms composed of single bacterial species known to induce settlement, or (3) a bacterial extract stimulated the research described here. We found that settlement induced by natural biofilms or biofilms formed by the bacterium Pseudoalteromonas luteoviolacea is invariably initiated by attachment and secretion of an adherent and larva-enveloping primary tube, followed by loss of motile cilia and ciliated cells and morphogenesis. Read More

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Exogenous HS Protects Colon Cells in Ulcerative Colitis by Inhibiting and Activating Autophagy.

DNA Cell Biol 2021 May 13. Epub 2021 May 13.

Department of Gastroenterology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Guilin Medical University, Guilin City, P.R. China.

Hydrogen sulfide (HS) has been reported to participate in intestinal mucosal defense and repair. However, the precise regulatory mechanisms of HS in ulcerative colitis (UC) remain unclear. We explored the effects of sodium hydrosulfide (NaHS), a donor of HS, in dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis in rats. Read More

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RNA externalized by neutrophil extracellular traps promotes inflammatory pathways in endothelial cells.

Arthritis Rheumatol 2021 May 13. Epub 2021 May 13.

Systemic Autoimmunity Branch, National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIAMS), National Institutes of Health (NIH), Bethesda, Maryland, USA.

Objectives: Neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) are extracellular lattices composed of nucleic material bound to neutrophil granule proteins. NETs may play pathogenic roles in development and severity of autoimmune diseases such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), at least in part, through induction of type I interferon (IFN) responses via externalization of oxidized immunostimulatory DNA. A distinct subset of SLE proinflammatory neutrophils (low density granulocytes; LDGs) displays enhanced ability to form proinflammatory NETs that damage the vasculature. Read More

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