11,761 results match your criteria stillbirth


Re: Understanding the complexities of unexplained stillbirth in sub-Saharan Africa: a mixed-methods study.

Authors:
Purnima Tiwari

BJOG 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Obstetrics and Gynaecology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) - Nagpur, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India.

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The impact of COVID-19 pandemic restrictions on pregnancy duration and outcomes in Melbourne, Australia.

Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2021 Jul 26. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia.

Objectives: To investigate the effect of restriction measures during the COVID-19 pandemic on pregnancy duration and outcomes.

Methods: We conducted a before and after study with cohort sampling in three maternity hospitals in Melbourne, Australia, including women who were pregnant during the COVID-19 pandemic restriction measures (estimated conception between 1 November 2019 and 29 February 2020) and women who were pregnant before the restrictions (estimated conception between 1 November 2018 and 28 February 2019). The primary outcome was delivery before 34 weeks' gestation or stillbirth. Read More

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Institutional guidelines on maternal care and investigations following antepartum stillbirth - a national survey.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2021 Jul 24;21(1):528. Epub 2021 Jul 24.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Feto-Maternal Medicine, Medical University of Vienna, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, 1090, Vienna, Austria.

Background: Antepartum stillbirth, i.e., intrauterine fetal death (IUFD) above 24 weeks of gestation, occurs with a prevalence of 2. Read More

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Candida Chorioamnionitis in Mothers with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus: A Report of Two Cases.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Jul 13;18(14). Epub 2021 Jul 13.

Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur 56000, Malaysia.

chorioamnionitis is rarely encountered, even though vulvovaginal candidiasis incidence is about 15%. Interestingly, it has characteristic gross and histological findings on the umbilical cord that are not to be missed. We report two cases of chorioamnionitis with presence of multiple yellowish and red spots of the surface of the umbilical cord. Read More

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COVID-19 and maternal and perinatal outcomes.

Lancet Glob Health 2021 08;9(8):e1061

International Stillbirth Alliance, Millburn, NJ 07041, USA. Electronic address:

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Association between antenatal corticosteroid use and perinatal mortality among preterm births in hospitals in Tanzania.

PLoS One 2021 22;16(7):e0254916. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Owerko Centre at the Alberta Children's Hospital Research Institute and Departments of Pediatrics and Community Health Sciences, University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada.

Objectives: The primary aims of this study were to investigate if exposure to antenatal corticosteroids (ACS) was associated with lower rates of perinatal mortality (primary outcome) and other adverse perinatal outcomes (i.e., stillbirth, early neonatal mortality, APGAR score of < 7 at 5 mins, neonatal sepsis and respiratory distress syndrome) in preterm infants in hospitals in Tanzania. Read More

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Non-human Primate Models to Investigate Mechanisms of Infection-Associated Fetal and Pediatric Injury, Teratogenesis and Stillbirth.

Front Genet 2021 5;12:680342. Epub 2021 Jul 5.

Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, United States.

A wide array of pathogens has the potential to injure the fetus and induce teratogenesis, the process by which mutations in fetal somatic cells lead to congenital malformations. Rubella virus was the first infectious disease to be linked to congenital malformations due to an infection in pregnancy, which can include congenital cataracts, microcephaly, hearing impairment and congenital heart disease. Currently, human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) is the leading infectious cause of congenital malformations globally, affecting 1 in every 200 infants. Read More

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Stillbirths in Germany: On the rise, but no additional increases during the first COVID-19 lockdown.

Int J Gynaecol Obstet 2021 Jul 20. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Laboratory of Population Health, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany.

Objective: To examine possible changes in the rate of stillbirths in Germany during the first COVID-19 lockdown.

Methods: Population-level data of live births and stillbirths occurring between January 1995 and July 2020 were used and negative binomial regression was applied to estimate the rate of stillbirths in this period. The actual rate was compared to the expected figure for 2020. Read More

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The Jordan Stillbirth and Neonatal Mortality Surveillance (JSANDS) System: Evaluation Study.

J Med Internet Res 2021 Jul 21;23(7):e29143. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan.

Background: The Jordan Stillbirth and Neonatal Mortality Surveillance (JSANDS) is an electronic surveillance system that automatically transfers the data on births, stillbirths, and neonatal deaths to the concerned authorities in the Ministry of Health. JSANDS was implemented and tested in 5 maternity hospitals during the period spanning May 2019 through December 2020.

Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the usefulness and performance of JSANDS to register births, stillbirths, and neonatal deaths, and determine their causes. Read More

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Systematic Literature Review and Quantitative Analysis of Health Problems Associated with Sexually Transmitted Neisseria gonorrhoeae Infection.

Infect Dis Ther 2021 Jul 17. Epub 2021 Jul 17.

GSK, Wavre, Belgium.

Objective: Neisseria gonorrhoeae (Ng) is the second most common sexually transmitted bacterial infection (STI), leading to serious health problems in men, women and newborns. While early antibiotic treatment is effective, infections are increasingly antibiotic-resistant. No systematic reviews present health problems associated with Ng infections or their likelihood of occurrence. Read More

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In-Hospital Complications in Pregnant Women With Current or Historical Cancer Diagnoses.

Mayo Clin Proc 2021 Jul 8. Epub 2021 Jul 8.

Keele Cardiovascular Research Group, School of Medicine, Keele University, Staffordshire, United Kingdom; The Heart Centre, University Hospital of North Midlands, Stoke-on-Trent, United Kingdom.

Objective: To assess the temporal trends, characteristics and comorbidities, and in-hospital cardiovascular and obstetric complications and outcomes of pregnant women with current or historical cancer diagnosis at the time of admission for delivery.

Methods: We analyzed delivery hospitalizations with or without current or historical cancer between January 1, 2004, and December 31, 2014, from the US National Inpatient Sample database.

Results: We included 43,132,097 delivery hospitalizations with no cancer, 39,118 with current cancer, and 67,336 with historical diagnosis of cancer. Read More

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Association of ABO and Rh blood groups with obstetric outcomes in SARS-CoV-2 infected pregnancies: A prospective study with a multivariate analysis.

Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 2021 Jul 7;264:41-48. Epub 2021 Jul 7.

Obstetrics and Gynaecology Department, Puerta de Hierro University Hospital of Majadahonda. Majadahonda, Madrid, Spain; Autónoma University of Madrid, Spain. Electronic address:

Objective: To evaluate the influence of ABO and Rh blood groups on morbidity among SARS-CoV-2 infected pregnancies.

Design: Prospective observational study.

Setting: 78 centers of the Spanish Obstetric Emergency Group. Read More

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Obstetrics and Neonatal Outcomes in Pregnant Women with COVID-19: A Systematic Review.

Iran J Public Health 2020 Oct;49(Suppl 1):38-47

Department of Immunology, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Considering that the obstetricians and pediatricians need to comprehensive information about the obstetric and neonatal effect of COVID-19, this review study was conducted to investigate the impact of COVID-19 on obstetrics and neonatal outcomes.

Methods: In this systematic review the international search databases following PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, ProQuest and Embase and Google scholar were searched. All articles were reviewed by two independent researchers until 10 April 2020. Read More

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October 2020

COVID-19 in a pregnant patient with beta-thalassemia major: A case report.

Clin Case Rep 2021 Jul 11;9(7):e04331. Epub 2021 Jul 11.

National Center for Cancer Care and Research Hamad Medical Corporation Doha Qatar.

Further studies are needed on this unique population to better manage them and increase their chances of normal pregnancy and fewer complications and more favorable outcomes. Read More

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Are there excess fetal deaths attributable to waterborne lead exposure during the Flint Water Crisis? Evidence from bio-kinetic model predictions and Vital Records.

J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol 2021 Jul 16. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Civil and Environmental Engineering, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, VA, USA.

Background: Flint, Michigan had elevated water lead (Pb) levels during the 2014-15 Flint Water Crisis (FWC) and reports claim the exposures caused excess fetal deaths.

Objective: To model the likelihood of excess fetal deaths occurring from FWC lead exposure and compare results to Vital Records.

Methods: We used an established bio-kinetic model to predict relative blood lead trends in pregnant women from characteristic exposure to 90th percentile water lead levels (WLLs), and another established model to then estimate characteristic miscarriage (<20 gestation weeks) odds ratios (OR) in Flint (2011-17). Read More

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Predictive factors of fetal and maternal pregnancy outcomes in Japanese patients with systemic lupus erythematosus.

Lupus 2021 Jul 16:9612033211031989. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Faculty of Medical Sciences Medical Education, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan.

Objective: The number of pregnant and delivery cases in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients are increasing due to the advances in therapies. However, there are many problems such as the exacerbation of SLE during pregnancy and the risk of fetal complications. We investigated the impact of both pregnancy on lupus and lupus on pregnancy in Japanese patients. Read More

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COVID-19 infection in pregnancy: a single center experience with 75 cases.

Ginekol Pol 2021 Jul 15. Epub 2021 Jul 15.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Sanliurfa Training and Research Hospital, Sanliurfa, Turkey.

Objectives: This study aimed to summarize the clinical features, maternal, fetal, and perinatal outcomes of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) proven infections of pregnancies.

Material And Methods: This retrospective single center study was conducted on 75 pregnant patients diagnosed of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Demographic characteristics, clinical courses, laboratory and radiological findings, and maternal and perinatal outcomes were analyzed using medical records. Read More

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Estimating the Prevalence and Risk Factors of Obstetric Fistula in Ethiopia: Results from Demographic and Health Survey.

Int J Womens Health 2021 7;13:683-690. Epub 2021 Jul 7.

School of Nursing, College of Health Sciences, Woldia University, Woldia, Ethiopia.

Introduction: Obstetric fistula is the most common obstetric problem in low- and middle-income countries where maternal care is inaccessible. Obstetric fistula has serious social and economic consequences resulting in devastating health problems for women. There is a lack of national studies that show the burden of obstetric fistula and risk factors; as a result, this study aimed to estimate the prevalence of obstetric fistula, its symptoms, and risk factors in Ethiopia. Read More

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Stillbirths preceded by reduced fetal movements are more frequently associated with placental insufficiency: a retrospective cohort study.

J Perinat Med 2021 Jul 15. Epub 2021 Jul 15.

Faculty of Biology, Medicine and Health, Maternal and Fetal Health Research Centre, School of Medical Sciences, University of Manchester, Groningen, the Netherlands.

Objectives: Maternal report of reduced fetal movements (RFM) is a means of identifying fetal compromise in pregnancy. In live births RFM is associated with altered placental structure and function. Here, we explored associations between RFM, pregnancy characteristics, and the presence of placental abnormalities and fetal growth restriction (FGR) in cases of stillbirth. Read More

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Non-lethal Raine Syndrome Report Lacking Characteristic Clinical Features.

J Mol Neurosci 2021 Jul 14. Epub 2021 Jul 14.

Keizo Asami Laboratory, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Av. Professor Moraes Rego, 1235, Cidade Universitária, Recife-PE, 50670-901, Brazil.

Raine syndrome is a rare, often lethal autosomal recessive condition marked by congenital malformations that range in severity. Considering that several case reports of this syndrome describe cases of stillbirth or perinatal death, information about the clinical presentation and development of this condition in mild, non-lethal cases is lacking. With that in mind, in this case report, we describe the clinical, oro-dental, and skeletal findings of a 14-year-old Brazilian patient diagnosed with a mild form of non-lethal Raine syndrome. Read More

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Inclusion of wheat aleurone in gestation diets improves postprandial satiety, stress status and stillbirth rate of sows.

Anim Nutr 2021 Jun 16;7(2):412-420. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Animal Nutrition Control, National Engineering Research Center for Breeding Swine Industry, Institute of Subtropical Animal Nutrition and Feed, College of Animal Science, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou, 510642, China.

This study investigated the effects of different amounts of wheat aleurone (WA) (0, 15%, 30%) inclusion in gestation diets on the reproductive performance, postprandial satiety, stress status and stereotypic behaviors of sows. A total of 84 Landrace × Yorkshire sows (parity 4.87 ± 1. Read More

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Incidence and Causes of Stillbirth in Omdurman Maternity Hospital, Sudan: A Prospective Cross-Sectional Study.

Cureus 2021 Jun 5;13(6):e15453. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Bahri, Khartoum, SDN.

Background: Stillbirth is an important indicator of the quality of antenatal health services. This study aimed to identify the incidence and causes of stillbirths among Sudanese women.

Method: This is a descriptive cross-sectional hospital-based study that was conducted at Omdurman Maternity Hospital during the period from December 1, 2019 to May 30, 2020. Read More

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Association Between Iatrogenic Delivery for Suspected Fetal Growth Restriction and Childhood School Outcomes.

JAMA 2021 07;326(2):145-153

The Ritchie Centre, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Importance: Timely delivery of infants suspected of having fetal growth restriction (FGR) is a balance between preventing stillbirth and minimizing prematurity, particularly because many infants with suspected FGR have normal growth.

Objective: To explore the association between iatrogenic delivery for suspected FGR and childhood school outcomes.

Design, Setting, And Participants: A retrospective whole-population cohort study linking perinatal data from births 32 weeks' or more gestation between January 1, 2003, to December 31, 2013, to developmental and educational test scores at preparatory school, and at school grades 3, 5, and 7 in Victoria, Australia. Read More

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A New Call to Action to Combat an Old Nemesis: Addressing Rising Congenital Syphilis Rates in the United States.

J Womens Health (Larchmt) 2021 Jul;30(7):920-926

Division of STD Prevention, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia, USA.

Congenital syphilis (CS) is on the rise in the United States and is a growing public health concern. CS is an infection with in an infant or fetus, acquired via transplacental transmission when a pregnant woman has untreated or inadequately treated syphilis. Pregnant women with untreated syphilis are more likely to experience pregnancies complicated by stillbirth, prematurity, low birth weight, and early infant death, while their children can develop clinical manifestations of CS such as hepatosplenomegaly, bone abnormalities, developmental delays, and hearing loss. Read More

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A decline in planned, but not spontaneous, preterm birth rates in a large Australian tertiary maternity centre during COVID-19 mitigation measures.

Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol 2021 Jul 12. Epub 2021 Jul 12.

Mater Research Institute-University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

Background: Reports from around the world suggest that rates of preterm birth decreased during COVID-19 lockdown measures.

Aims: To compare the prevalence of preterm birth and stillbirth rates during COVID-19 restriction measures with infants born at the same maternity centre during the same weeks in 2013-2019.

Materials And Methods: Deidentified data were extracted from the Mater Mothers' healthcare records database. Read More

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Impact of previous Caesarean section on reproductive outcomes after assisted reproductive technology: systematic review and meta-analyses.

Reprod Biomed Online 2021 Apr 22. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Reproductive Medicine Center, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha Hunan, China; Clinical Research Center for Women's Reproductive Health in Hunan Province, Changsha Hunan, China. Electronic address:

This meta-analysis investigated whether a previous Caesarean section has an impact on the outcomes of treatment with assisted reproductive technology (ART). PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Web of Science and Google Scholar were searched. Clinical trials published in English up to May 2020 were included. Read More

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Depression remains a neglected public health problem among pregnant women in Northwest Ethiopia.

Arch Public Health 2021 Jul 12;79(1):132. Epub 2021 Jul 12.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia.

Background: Antenatal depression is highly prevalent but a neglected public health problem in low income countries. It has serious effects on the general health of women, birth outcomes and child health. However, there has been limited substantial evidence on the prevalence and predictors of antenatal depression in Ethiopia. Read More

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Maternal Hyperglycemia Induces Changes in Gene Expression and Morphology in Mouse Placentas.

Gynecol Reprod Health 2021 ;5(1)

Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN 37080, United States.

Background: Pregestational diabetes complicates one million pregnancies in the United States and is associated with placental dysfunction. Placental dysfunction can manifest as stillbirth, spontaneous abortions, fetal growth restriction, and preeclampsia in the mother. However, the underlying mechanisms of placental dysfunction are not well understood. Read More

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January 2021

Utilization of dental care in Iranian pregnant women: Findings from a population-based study.

Dent Res J (Isfahan) 2021 6;18:26. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Environmental Health Research Center, Faculty of Health, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran.

Background: Although dental care attendance during pregnancy has been recommended by guidelines and institutions, the demand for dental services is still low among pregnant women. The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of not receipt dental care and also determinants of that during pregnancy.

Materials And Methods: This population-based study was conducted on 4071 mothers in 10 provinces of Iran, during 2014-2015. Read More

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