89 results match your criteria staying ahead


Intensity of perceived stress and control of anger, anxiety and depression of people staying in Polish penitentiary institutions.

Int J Prison Health 2021 Aug;ahead-of-print(ahead-of-print)

Faculty of Health Sciences, Institute of Nursing and Midwifery, Laboratory of Theory and Fundamentals of Nursing, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Krakow, Poland.

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to assess the intensity of perceived stress and measure the subjective control of anxiety, anger and depression in a group of women and men staying in Polish penitentiary institutions.

Design/methodology/approach: The research was carried out in two penitentiary institutions located in the Lesser Poland Voivodeship at the turn of 2019/2020. The study group consisted of 152 prisoners. Read More

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Two decades of one health surveillance of Nipah virus in Thailand.

One Health Outlook 2021 Jul 5;3(1):12. Epub 2021 Jul 5.

Thai Red Cross Emerging Infectious Diseases - Health Science Centre and WHO Collaborating Centre for Research and Training on Viral Zoonoses, King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Rama IV Road, Pathumwan, Bangkok, 10330, Thailand.

Background: Nipah virus (NiV) infection causes encephalitis and has > 75% mortality rate, making it a WHO priority pathogen due to its pandemic potential. There have been NiV outbreak(s) in Malaysia, India, Bangladesh, and southern Philippines. NiV naturally circulates among fruit bats of the genus Pteropus and has been detected widely across Southeast and South Asia. Read More

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Implementing a Review Process to Facilitate and Prioritize COVID-19 Research: Staying One Step Ahead of the Pandemic.

J Empir Res Hum Res Ethics 2021 07 11;16(3):188-192. Epub 2021 May 11.

Department of Pediatrics, Hackensack Meridian School of Medicine and Hackensack University Medical Center, Hackensack, NJ, USA.

The first coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patient in the state of New Jersey (NJ) was admitted on March 2, 2020. With the number of hospitalized patients increasing exponentially in the following days and no established treatment approaches, research was to play a significant role in this fight. To facilitate review of all COVID-19 research proposals in a large health care network in NJ, we established the COVID-19 Research Review Committee (RRC) and implemented a peer-review process prior to the Institutional Review Board submission. Read More

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Bibliometric Analysis of Global Research Trends on Ultrasound Microbubble: A Quickly Developing Field.

Front Pharmacol 2021 22;12:646626. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Clinical College of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Neurorehabilitation, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin, China.

Microbubbles are widely used as highly effective contrast agents to improve the diagnostic capability of ultrasound imaging. Mounting evidence suggests that ultrasound coupled with microbubbles has promising therapeutic applications in cancer, cardiovascular, and neurological disorders by acting as gene or drug carriers. The aim of this study was to identify the scientific output and activity related to ultrasound microbubble through bibliometric approaches. Read More

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Staying Ahead of the Epidemiologic Curve: Evaluation of the British Columbia Asthma Prediction System (BCAPS) During the Unprecedented 2018 Wildfire Season.

Front Public Health 2021 12;9:499309. Epub 2021 Mar 12.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada.

The modular British Columbia Asthma Prediction System (BCAPS) is designed to reduce information burden during wildfire smoke events by automatically gathering, integrating, generating, and visualizing data for public health users. The BCAPS framework comprises five flexible and geographically scalable modules: (1) historic data on fine particulate matter (PM) concentrations; (2) historic data on relevant health indicator counts; (3) PM forecasts for the upcoming days; (4) a health forecasting model that uses the relationship between (1) and (2) to predict the impacts of (3); and (5) a reporting mechanism. The 2018 wildfire season was the most extreme in British Columbia history. Read More

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Danger! Negative memories ahead: the effect of warnings on reactions to and recall of negative memories.

Memory 2021 03 9;29(3):319-329. Epub 2021 Mar 9.

Flinders University.

A trigger warning is an alert that upcoming material containing distressing themes might "trigger" the details and emotion associated with a to come to mind. Warnings supposedly prevent or minimise this distress. But, do warnings really have this effect? To simulate the experience described above, here, we examined whether warning participants-by telling them that recalling a negative event would be distressing-would change characteristics associated with the immediate and delayed recall of a negative event (such as phenomenology e. Read More

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Staying ahead of the curve: avigating changes and maintaining gains in patient safety culture - a mixed-methods study.

BMJ Open 2021 03 4;11(3):e044116. Epub 2021 Mar 4.

Health Management and Policy, American University of Beirut Faculty of Health Sciences, Beirut, Lebanon.

Objectives: This study examines how the results of the Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture changed between 2012 and 2019 and identifies organisational factors affecting these changes.

Design: The study combined the use of quantitative surveys of staff and qualitative interviews with hospital leadership. Secondary data analysis was performed for previous surveys. Read More

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Antimicrobial stewardship in children: Where to from here?

J Paediatr Child Health 2020 10;56(10):1504-1507

Infectious Diseases and Hospital-in-the-Home Departments, The Royal Children's Hospital Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is an ever-developing global threat and children are becoming increasingly affected. In addition to established antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) measures, it is important to recognise the need for a paediatric focus to manage the physiological and pathological differences unique to children. Most studies on paediatric AMS are drawn from resource-rich, hospital settings. Read More

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October 2020

Association of patient safety indicator 03 and clinical outcome in a surgery hospital.

Int J Health Care Qual Assur 2020 Oct;ahead-of-print(ahead-of-print)

Community, Environmental and Occupational Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt.

Purpose: Patient safety indicators (PSIs) were developed as a tool for hospitals to identify potentially preventable complications and improve patient safety performance. The study aimed at measuring the incidence of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) PSI03 (pressure ulcer [PU] rate) and to identify the association between PSI03 and clinical outcomes including death, readmission within 30 days and length of stay (LOS) at the cardiothoracic surgery hospital at Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt.

Design/methodology/approach: An exploratory prospective cohort study was conducted to follow up patients, who fulfilled the inclusion criteria, from admission until one month after discharge at the cardiothoracic surgery hospital. Read More

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October 2020

A Cockeyed Optimist.

Authors:
Lynn M Nagle

Nurs Leadersh (Tor Ont) 2020 Sep;33(3):1-3

Editor-in-Chief, Adjunct Professor, University of Toronto, University of New Brunswick, Western University.

In the 1958 musical South Pacific, the character Nelly Forbush trills a song of optimism and hope amid the darkness of World War II (South Pacific Enterprises and Logan 1958). The chipper message of this fictional navy nurse might well be welcome amid the negative timbre of the pervasive political, cultural and societal upheaval that we are experiencing today - not to mention the burden of a global pandemic. The tune delivers the message of a so-called "cockeyed optimist," staying positive while many are not and being buoyed by the anticipation of brighter, sunny days ahead (South Pacific Enterprises and Logan 1958). Read More

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September 2020

Staying safe while waiting for the vaccine: what we need to do.

QJM 2020 Oct;113(10):717-719

Societies are organizing themselves to keep the COVID-19 virus at bay for the foreseeable future. The World Health Organization (WHO) has proposed that every country implement a comprehensive set of measures to prevent infection, detect cases, interrupt transmission, control clusters, suppress outbreaks and reduce mortality. Throughout the world, four systems capabilities are emerging that are important for societies to get ahead of the virus and become COVID-19 ready. Read More

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October 2020

Staying ahead of the curve: the use of spinopelvic parameters to predict curve progression and bracing success in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis.

Spine Deform 2020 Dec 21;8(6):1213-1222. Epub 2020 Jul 21.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Duke University Health System, DUMC Box 3000, Durham, 27710, NC, USA.

Study Design: Retrospective cohort study.

Objectives: To investigate radiographic sagittal and spinopelvic parameters of patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) treated with bracing and assess differences among those treated successfully and unsuccessfully. AIS is a three-dimensional deformity of the spine, sharing an intricate relationship with pelvic morphology. Read More

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December 2020

Staying ahead of the curve: Early lessons from a New York City Otolaryngology Department's organizational response to the coronavirus pandemic.

Laryngoscope Investig Otolaryngol 2020 Jun 19;5(3):401-403. Epub 2020 May 19.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai New York New York USA.

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Daily pain catastrophizing predicts less physical activity and more sedentary behavior in older adults with osteoarthritis.

Pain 2020 11;161(11):2603-2610

Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine at Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA, United States.

Musculoskeletal disorders such as knee osteoarthritis (OA) are the primary cause of chronic pain in older adults. Recommended self-management strategies for knee OA include staying physically active in the face of pain, but many patients avoid activities they are capable of doing. The overall purpose of this study was to examine the extent to which daily pain catastrophizing, a maladaptive coping strategy, could influence OA patients' physical activity and sedentary behavior. Read More

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November 2020

Staying Ahead of the Curve: Modified Approach to Emergency Caesarean Section Under General Anaesthesia in COVID-19 Pandemic.

Turk J Anaesthesiol Reanim 2020 Jun 30;48(3):174-179. Epub 2020 Apr 30.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, West Middlesex University Hospital, Chelsea and Westminster Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK.

The recent outbreak of SARS-CoV-2 has prompted healthcare professionals to re-design and modify the standards of care and operating procedures relevant to dealing with suspected or confirmed cases of COVID-19. The aim of this review is to highlight the key recommendations related to obstetric anaesthesia from scientific bodies in the United Kingdom and United States and to summarize recently developed and implemented clinical pathways for care of obstetric patients - specifically those requiring urgent general anaesthesia for caesarean section within a large maternity unit in London. The need to perform an emergency operative delivery in a timely manner while ensuring clinicians are suitably equipped and protected represents a uniquely challenging scenario, given the higher risk of viral transmission with aerosol generating procedures. Read More

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Fostering Antibiotic Development through Impact Funding.

Authors:
Aleks Engel

ACS Infect Dis 2020 06;6(6):1311-1312

REPAIR Impact Fund, Novo Holdings, Hellerup, Denmark 2900.

New antibiotics are critical to staying ahead of antimicrobial resistance, yet the return on investment in anti-infective development is a serious obstacle to commercial research. The REPAIR Impact Fund is designed to foster continued innovation until structural changes in the market provide sufficient incentives for investment. Read More

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Staying Ahead of the Wave.

N Engl J Med 2020 04 13;382(18):e44. Epub 2020 Apr 13.

Renaissance School of Medicine at Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY.

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Introduction by the Guest Editor: Staying Ahead of the Rapidly Evolving World of Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia.

Authors:
Bruce D Cheson

Cancer J 2019 Nov/Dec;25(6):373

From the Georgetown University Hospital, Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center, 3800 Reservoir Rd, N.W. Washington, DC 20007.

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I want to brake free: The effect of connected vehicle features on driver behaviour, usability and acceptance.

Appl Ergon 2020 Jan 21;82:102932. Epub 2019 Aug 21.

Institute for Future Transport and Cities, National Transport Design Centre, Coventry University, Swift Road, Coventry, CV1 2TT, UK.

This study evaluated the effectiveness and acceptance of four connected vehicle features, i.e. Emergency Electronic Brake Lights (EEBL), Emergency Vehicle Warning (EVW), Roadworks warning (RWW) and Traffic Condition Warning (TCW) which were presented via a mobile phone mounted near the line of sight. Read More

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January 2020

Shoal familiarity modulates effects of individual metabolism on vulnerability to capture by trawling.

Conserv Physiol 2019 26;7(1):coz043. Epub 2019 Jul 26.

Institute of Biodiversity, Animal Health and Comparative Medicine, Graham Kerr Building, College of Medical, Veterinary and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8QQ, UK.

Impacts of fisheries-induced evolution may extend beyond life history traits to more cryptic aspects of biology, such as behaviour and physiology. Understanding roles of physiological traits in determining individual susceptibility to capture in fishing gears and how these mechanisms change across contexts is essential to evaluate the capacity of commercial fisheries to elicit phenotypic change in exploited populations. Previous work has shown that metabolic traits related to anaerobic swimming may determine individual susceptibility to capture in trawls, with fish exhibiting higher anaerobic performance more likely to evade capture. Read More

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Photodynamic Polymers as Comprehensive Anti-Infective Materials: Staying Ahead of a Growing Global Threat.

ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 2018 Aug 25;10(31):25955-25959. Epub 2018 Jul 25.

To combat the global threat posed by surface-adhering pathogens that are becoming increasingly drug-resistant, we explore the anti-infective efficacy of bulk thermoplastic elastomer films containing ∼1 wt % zinc-tetra(4- N-methylpyridyl)porphine (ZnTMPyP), a photoactive antimicrobial that utilizes visible light to generate singlet oxygen. This photodynamic polymer is capable of inactivating five bacterial strains and two viruses with at least 99.89% and 99. Read More

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2017 Presidential Address: Staying Ahead of the Curve.

Authors:
Bibb Allen

J Am Coll Radiol 2018 May 9;15(5):707-712. Epub 2018 Mar 9.

Department of Radiology, Grandview Medical Center, Birmingham, Alabama. Electronic address:

The practice of the radiological sciences has always been dynamic. From economics and payment policy to imaging appropriateness, the ACR has led the way in keeping our specialty ahead of the curve. However, being ahead of the curve is a fragile place, and constant diligence is needed to remain there. Read More

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Comparison among criteria to define successful weight-loss maintainers and regainers in the Action for Health in Diabetes (Look AHEAD) and Diabetes Prevention Program trials.

Am J Clin Nutr 2017 Dec 18;106(6):1337-1346. Epub 2017 Oct 18.

Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy and

Given the low rates of successful weight maintenance after lifestyle-induced weight loss, it is critical to develop approaches that distinguish successful weight-loss maintainers from regainers. The aim of this study was to compare published categorization criteria that differentiate maintainers and regainers via quantitative agreement. The study used publicly available data from Look AHEAD (Action for Health in Diabetes; = 1791) and Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP; = 613) participants with ≥3% initial weight loss after lifestyle interventions and 4-y follow-up data. Read More

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December 2017

2017 Annual Meeting of the American College of Radiology-Moreton Lecture: Forecasting the Futures of Radiology.

Authors:
Jeffrey C Bauer

J Am Coll Radiol 2017 Dec 13;14(12):1524-1529. Epub 2017 Oct 13.

Madison, Wisconsin. Electronic address:

Purpose: The traditional forces of change in health care are no longer working as they did in the past. Political gridlock has destroyed Washington's ability to create sensible policy for reforming the medical marketplace, creating chaos for providers. Fortunately, chaos creates opportunity. Read More

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December 2017

The Experience of Male Nursing Students.

Authors:
Josephine DeVito

Nurs Forum 2016 Oct 9;51(4):246-253. Epub 2015 Nov 9.

Seton Hall University College of Nursing, South Orange, NJ.

Purpose: To explore the experience of male nursing students in a baccalaureate nursing program.

Methods: This study used a qualitative approach with content analysis. Written narratives in response to open-ended questions were analyzed. Read More

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October 2016

Spontaneous Behaviors and Wall-Curvature Lead to Apparent Wall Preference in Planarian.

PLoS One 2015 5;10(11):e0142214. Epub 2015 Nov 5.

Department of Biophysics, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Kitashirakawa-Oiwake, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, Japan.

The planarian Dugesia japonica tends to stay near the walls of its breeding containers and experimental dishes in the laboratory, a phenomenon called "wall preference". This behavior is thought to be important for environmental adaptation, such as hiding by planarians in nature. However, the mechanisms regulating wall-preference behavior are not well understood, since this behavior occurs in the absence of any particular stimulation. Read More

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Parasite clearance after malaria therapy: staying a step ahead of drug resistance.

BMC Med 2015 Oct 2;13:251. Epub 2015 Oct 2.

Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research, 1G Royal Parade, Parkville, Vic, 3052, Australia.

The discovery and development of the artemisinin class of antimalarial drugs is one of the great recent success stories of global health. However, after at least two decades of successful use, resistance has finally emerged and appears to be spreading rapidly throughout South-East Asia in spite of our best efforts at containment. If this were also to occur in Africa, it would have disastrous implications for the continent subject to the world's greatest burden of Plasmodium falciparum. Read More

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October 2015