8,390 results match your criteria staying

Development of a Programme Theory for Early Intervention Vocational Rehabilitation: A Realist Literature Review.

J Occup Rehabil 2021 Sep 15. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Preventive and Social Medicine, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand.

Purpose Little is currently known about how early intervention vocational rehabilitation (EIVR) works for people with newly acquired neurological conditions such as traumatic brain injury, acquired brain injury and spinal cord injury. This study aims, from a realist framework, to identify relevant literature and develop an initial programme theory to understand how EIVR might work for people experiencing acquired neurological disability. Realist reviews are ideally placed to address the identified knowledge gap as they assist in gaining a deeper understanding of how the intervention works, for whom it works best, and the contexts that promote the activation of desired outcomes. Read More

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September 2021

[Sleep disorders reduce the therapeutic success of inpatient psychosomatic treatments for depressive disorders].

Z Psychosom Med Psychother 2021 Sep;67(3):271-289

Universitätsklinikum Düsseldorf Klinisches Institut für Psychosomatische Medizin und Psychotherapie Geb. 15.16 Moorenstraße 5 40225 Düsseldorf Deutschland.

What influence do difficulties in falling and staying asleep in patients with depressive disorders have on the success of psychosomatic treatment? The Data were collected in a naturalistic, multicenter observational study (STOP-D) at the beginning (T1), the end (T2) and six months later after discharge (T3). The sample consisted of female patients with depressive disorders (N = 487) who were treated for M = 61.7 days (SD = 26. Read More

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September 2021

Leadership lessons from administrators, faculty, and students during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Curr Pharm Teach Learn 2021 10 20;13(10):1306-1311. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

University of Tennessee Health Science Center College of Pharmacy, Memphis, Tennessee, United States.

Introduction: Due to the largescale scope of the COVID-19 pandemic, strain on the higher education system in the United States has been extraordinary. Yet, with any crisis, there is the opportunity to learn, grow, and develop new knowledge and strategies to benefit educational programs moving forward. The purpose of this study is to describe the leadership lessons learned by academic pharmacy during the COVID-19 pandemic from the perspective of administrators, faculty, and students. Read More

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October 2021

Staying at work with musculoskeletal pain: What supporting resources do people need?

Musculoskeletal Care 2021 Sep 14. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

School of Physiotherapy and Exercise Science, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.

Introduction: Maintaining productive employment can be challenging for people with ongoing low back pain (LBP) or neck pain (NP) due to pain, function and participation sequelae. Resources and information to support them staying at work may be beneficial, although preferences for the nature and accessibility of resources remain uncertain. The current study aimed to explore the work experiences and information-seeking behaviours of employed individuals with ongoing LBP or NP, to support them in staying at work. Read More

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September 2021

Nutritional and lifestyle changes required for minimizing the recovery period in home quarantined COVID-19 patients of Punjab, Pakistan.

Food Sci Nutr 2021 Jul 9. Epub 2021 Jul 9.

National Institute of Food Science and Technology University of Agriculture Faisalabad Pakistan.

The COVID-19 pandemic has introduced a new battle in human history for a safe and fearless life. Therefore, this cross-sectional survey was conducted (Punjab, Pakistan) on healthy recovered, home quarantined COVID-19 patients to draw conclusive health support guidelines in the fight against this pandemic. COVID-19 recovered patients ( = 80) of age ≥14 years were randomly selected during the period November 2020 to February 2021. Read More

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Long term monitoring of the reproductive behavior of wild Chinese pangolin (Manis pentadactyla).

Sci Rep 2021 Sep 13;11(1):18116. Epub 2021 Sep 13.

Institute of Wildlife Conservation, College of Veterinary Medicine, National Pingtung University of Science and Technology, Pingtung, Taiwan.

Observations of Chinese pangolin (Manis pentadactyla) in the wild are extremely rare and challenging because of their nocturnal and cryptic activity patterns and low population density. The present article reported the first field observation in eastern Taiwan, from October 4, 2012 to June 16, 2016, on the reproductive behavior of the Chinese pangolin based on the monitoring of a female (LF28) using radiotelemetry and camera traps. During this period, LF28 aged from 1-4. Read More

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September 2021

OB/GYN residents' training, attitudes, and comfort level regarding genetics.

J Assist Reprod Genet 2021 Sep 13. Epub 2021 Sep 13.

Myriad Women's Health, Medical Affairs, South San Francisco, CA, USA.

Purpose: While the availability, utility, and complexity of genetic testing expands, limited information exists regarding obstetrician-gynecologist (OB/GYN) residents' knowledge of genetics and confidence in providing genetic services. This study examined OB/GYN residents' educational and clinical experiences with genetics during residency, personal attitudes regarding the value of genetics and its role in their practice, level of comfort with genetic counseling, and potential motivators for learning about genetics.

Methods: Eligible participants included residents currently enrolled in a CREOG-associated OB/GYN training program in the USA or Canada. Read More

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September 2021

The Protective Effect of Notoginsenoside R1 on Isoflurane-Induced Neurological Impairment in the Rats via Regulating miR-29a Expression and Neuroinflammation.

Neuroimmunomodulation 2021 Aug 24:1-7. Epub 2021 Aug 24.

Department of Anesthesiology, The Third Hospital of Jinan, Jinan, China.

Introduction: Isoflurane inhalation leads to apoptotic neurodegeneration and further results in learning and cognitive dysfunction. Notoginsenoside R1 (NGR1), a major ingredient from Radix notoginseng, has been reported to exert neuroprotective effect during brain or neuron injury. This study aimed to investigate the effect of NGR1 on neurological impairment. Read More

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Keys to embracing aging: A healthy aging intervention.

J Prev Interv Community 2021 Sep 12:1-14. Epub 2021 Sep 12.

Office of Educational Innovation & Evaluation, Kansas State University, Manhattan, Kansas, USA.

(KTEA) is a community-based educational program that introduces and reinforces health behaviors that promote healthy aging. Data from 12 distinct KTEA lessons delivered by 42 Cooperative Extension educators to 764 unique participants across one year were examined to determine the program's impact on attitude, diet, physical activity, brain health, belonging, staying up-to-date, safety, health, stress, finances, sleep, and self-care. The most frequent immediate behavior changes occurred in practicing self-care, developing a positive attitude, and making safe choices. Read More

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September 2021

How has the COVID-19 pandemic affected eczema self-management and help seeking? A qualitative interview study with young people and parents/carers of children with eczema.

Skin Health Dis 2021 Jun 23:e59. Epub 2021 Jun 23.

Centre for Clinical and Community Applications of Health Psychology School of Psychology Faculty of Environmental and Life Sciences University of Southampton Southampton UK.

Background: Eczema can have a considerable impact on quality of life. Treatments can improve this, but management is complex. Barriers to eczema self-management may be impacted upon by environmental context, such as the COVID-19 pandemic. Read More

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Assessment of Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice towards Prevention and Control of Malaria in Halaba Town, Southern Ethiopia, 2017.

Tadesse Menjetta

J Trop Med 2021 31;2021:5665000. Epub 2021 Aug 31.

Hawassa University, College of Health Sciences, Department of Medical Laboratory, P.O. Box 1560, Hawassa, Ethiopia.

Background: Malaria is one of the primary public health problems in Ethiopia. Therefore, assessment of situation of the disease and communities' knowledge and perceptions about this disease is necessary to introduce appropriate preventive and control measures. Hence, this study was aimed to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice towards malaria in Halaba town, SNNPR, Ethiopia. Read More

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Parents' and adolescents' perceptions of parental involvement and their relationships with depression among Chinese middle school students during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Child Youth Serv Rev 2021 Oct 5;129:106190. Epub 2021 Aug 5.

Aoti Zhonglu Campus of the Middle School Affiliated to Shandong University, Jinan, China.

Although psychological stress that adolescents may encounter during the COVID-19 pandemic has been of increasing interest to scholars, few studies have examined the profound impact that parents give to adolescents when staying indoors. This study surveyed 1,550 students and their parents from eight middle schools in eastern China. We employed multiple linear regressions with school fixed effects to examine the different perceptions of parental involvement between parents and children, and the relationships between these different types of parental involvement and depression in middle school students. Read More

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October 2021

A quarter of century after: The changing ecology of psychiatric emergency services.

Asia Pac Psychiatry 2021 Sep 12:e12487. Epub 2021 Sep 12.

Department of Psychiatry, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.

Introduction: Previous studies demonstrated a trend of increasing common mental disorders among the Emergency Department (ED) visitors in Western countries. Little is known about the current conditions of the emergency psychiatric services in Asian countries. This study aims to survey the current epidemiology and the changing ecology of emergency psychiatry services in Taiwan. Read More

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September 2021

Social Vulnerability and County Stay-At-Home Behavior During COVID-19 Stay-At-Home Orders, United States, April 7-April 20, 2020.

Ann Epidemiol 2021 Sep 6. Epub 2021 Sep 6.

Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, Geospatial Research, Analysis, and Services Program, Atlanta, Georgia.

Purpose: Early COVID-19 mitigation relied on people staying home except for essential trips. The ability to stay home may differ by sociodemographic factors. We analyzed how factors related to social vulnerability impact a community's ability to stay home during a stay-at-home order. Read More

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September 2021

Attraction for familiar conspecifics in young chicks (Gallus gallus): an interbreed study.

Behav Processes 2021 Sep 6:104498. Epub 2021 Sep 6.

School of Biological and Behavioural Sciences, Department of Biological and Experimental Psychology, Queen Mary University of London, 327 Mile End Road, E1 4NS, London, UK.

From the beginning of life, discriminating between familiar and unfamiliar individuals and staying in contact with conspecifics are important to establish social relationships. To better understand these early social behaviours, we studied the different responses to familiar/unfamiliar individuals in 4-day-old domestic chicks (Gallus gallus) in three genetically isolated breeds: Padovana, Polverara and Robusta maculata. Chicks discriminated between familiar and unfamiliar individuals, staying closer to familiar individuals. Read More

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September 2021

Emotional reactivity and parenting in families experiencing homelessness.

J Fam Psychol 2021 Sep 9. Epub 2021 Sep 9.

Institute of Child Development.

Parents are key protective systems in the lives of children experiencing homelessness. Evidence suggests that parent emotional reactivity, expression, and regulation play a critical role in promoting adaptive parenting behaviors. Studies of emotional reactivity in parents utilize different methods, including self-report, observations, and physiological measures. Read More

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September 2021

Modelling the impact of lockdown-easing measures on cumulative COVID-19 cases and deaths in England.

BMJ Open 2021 09 8;11(9):e042483. Epub 2021 Sep 8.

William Harvey Research Institute, Queen Mary University of London, London, UK

Objectives: To assess the potential impacts of successive lockdown-easing measures in England, at a point in the COVID-19 pandemic when community transmission levels were relatively high.

Design: We developed a Bayesian model to infer incident cases and reproduction number () in England, from incident death data. We then used this to forecast excess cases and deaths in multiple plausible scenarios in which increases at one or more time points. Read More

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September 2021

Is it easier to use one language variety at a time, or mix them? An investigation of voluntary language switching with bidialectals.

PLoS One 2021 8;16(9):e0256554. Epub 2021 Sep 8.

Abertay University, Dundee, Scotland, United Kingdom.

Previous language production research with bidialectals has provided evidence for similar language control processes as during bilingual language production. In the current study, we aim to further investigate this claim by examining bidialectals with a voluntary language switching paradigm. Research with bilinguals performing the voluntary language switching paradigm has consistently shown two effects. Read More

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September 2021

Nursing handover involving consumers on inpatient mental healthcare units: A qualitative exploration of the consumers' perspective.

Int J Ment Health Nurs 2021 Sep 8. Epub 2021 Sep 8.

Strategic Unit & Nursing Department, Ghent University Hospital, Gent, Belgium.

Handovers between nurses are a significant cause of communication problems and possible consumer safety issues. A potential solution for both problems is the nursing handover involving consumers, in which the consumer is present at the time of handover. This practice invites consumers to be more involved in their care process and supports a recovery-oriented practice. Read More

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September 2021

Impact of staying at home measures during COVID-19 pandemic on the lifestyle of Qatar's population: Perceived changes in diet, physical activity, and body weight.

Prev Med Rep 2021 Dec 3;24:101545. Epub 2021 Sep 3.

Community Medicine Department, Primary Health Care Corporation (PHCC), Doha, Qatar.

Countries worldwide imposed different swift protective measures such as movement restrictions and staying at home measures to mitigate the spread of COVID-19. Despite the benefits gained from such measures in containing the spread of the infection, adverse lifestyle consequences happened. In this study we aimed to assess the impact of staying at home measures imposed during COVID-19 pandemic on dietary behaviors, physical activity, and body weight in Qatar's population. Read More

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December 2021

Drug Prescribing: New Drugs and Drug Classes in Family Medicine.

FP Essent 2021 Sep;508:18-24

University of Minnesota College of Pharmacy Twin Cities, 5-130 Weaver-Densford Hall 308 Harvard Street SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455.

New drug approvals and safety information are constantly being released. Staying up-to-date can be a daunting task for family physicians. Several electronic resources provide valuable, concise information directly. Read More

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September 2021

Dignity at the end of life in traditional Chinese culture: Perspectives of advanced cancer patients and family members.

Eur J Oncol Nurs 2021 Aug 14;54:102017. Epub 2021 Aug 14.

School of Nursing, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China. Electronic address:

Purpose: This study aimed to explore the meaning of patient dignity at the end of life in traditional Chinese culture from perspectives of advanced cancer patients and their family members.

Method: A descriptive qualitative study was conducted with 15 advanced cancer patients and 10 family members in a tertiary hospital in Beijing, China between March and July 2019. Data were collected through face-to-face semi-structured interviews and were analyzed using thematic analysis. Read More

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Staying tuned for post-COVID-19 syndrome: looking for new research to sniff out.

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2021 Aug;25(16):5318-5321

Institute of Biochemistry and Cell Biology (IBBC), Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (CNR), Department of Sense Organs, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy.

Post-COVID-19 syndrome was defined as a persistent and protracted illness, which follows acute COVID-19 infection. This condition continues for more than 12 weeks and cannot be attributed to other clinical situations. Researchers and clinicians are allied in unraveling the molecular pathogenetic mechanisms and the clinical development of this unexpected SARS-CoV-2 infectious evolution. Read More

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Factors affecting the prevalence of stress, anxiety, and depression in undergraduate Indian dental students.

J Educ Health Promot 2021 30;10:266. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

Department of Periodontics and Community Dentistry, Dr. Ziauddin Ahmad Dental College, Faculty of Medicine, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Background: The objective was to assess the prevalence and the associated demographic factors of stress, anxiety, and depression among undergraduate (UG) Indian dental students and determine whether the pattern is different in government-run institutions and those managed by private authorities.

Materials And Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among dental UG students from five dental colleges. Snowball sampling was used to approach 776 potential participants, resulting in a complete response from 507 students. Read More

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Psychological Outcomes and Associated Factors Among the International Students Living in China During the COVID-19 Pandemic.

Front Psychiatry 2021 13;12:707342. Epub 2021 Aug 13.

Department of Psychiatry, The First Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, China.

The emergence of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has created a severe mental health problem for international students living in China. Despite the little information on the psychological impact on international students, we aimed to assess the psychological outcomes and associated factors among international students currently living in China during the COVID-19 pandemic. An online cross-sectional survey was conducted from May 28, 2020 to June 12, 2020 on 402 full-time international students across 26 provinces in China. Read More

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Attitudes towards working in retirement: a latent class analysis of older workers' motives.

Eur J Ageing 2021 Sep 9;18(3):357-368. Epub 2020 Oct 9.

University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany.

One of the fastest growing labour market groups is working pensioners, meaning those who work past the statutory retirement age whilst receiving a pension. Previous research has investigated the motives of this group and found very heterogeneous reasons for employment in retirement. However, little is known about the expectations and preferred work arrangements of older workers regarding a potential post-retirement employment. Read More

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September 2021

Communicable disease pandemic: a simulation model based on community transmission and social distancing.

Soft comput 2021 Aug 31:1-11. Epub 2021 Aug 31.

Division of Computational Mathematics and Engineering, Institute for Computational Science, Ton Duc Thang University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.

Communicable disease pandemic is a severe disease outbreak all over the countries and continents. Swine Flu, HIV/AIDS, corona virus disease-19 (COVID-19), etc., are some of the global pandemics in the world. Read More

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Utility of thermal image scanning in screening for febrile patients in cold climates.

J Orthop Sci 2021 Sep 3. Epub 2021 Sep 3.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine and Graduate School of Medicine, Hokkaido University, Kita 15 Jo Nishi 7 Chome, Kita-ku, Sapporo, Hokkaido, 060-8638, Japan.

Background: Infrared thermography (IRT) for fever screening systems was introduced in not only general hospitals, but also orthopedic hospitals as a countermeasure against the spread of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Despite the widespread use of IRT, various results have shown low and high efficacies, so the utility of IRT is controversial, especially in cold climates. The aims of this study were to investigate the utility of IRT in screening for fever in a cold climate and to devise suitable fever screening in orthopedic surgery for COVID-19. Read More

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September 2021

What had people in China done as early as Day 5-12 since the Wuhan lockdown to control COVID-19 effectively: a national population-based cross-sectional study of 23,863 university students.

JMIR Public Health Surveill 2021 Aug 17. Epub 2021 Aug 17.

Department of Epidemiology of Health Statistics, Xiangya School of Public Health, Central South University, Changsha, CN.

Background: The outbreak of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) in China occurred around the Chinese New Year (CNY, January 25, 2020), and dropped continuously afterwards. Adoption of preventive measures during the CNY period was crucial in driving the decline. It is imperative to investigate preventive behaviors among Chinese university students, as they might spread COVID-19 when travelling home during the CNY. Read More

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Radiology guided antegrade GASTROSTOMY deployment of mushroom (pull type) catheters with classical and modified methods in patients with oropharyngeal, laryngeal carcinoma, and anesthesia risk.

Br J Radiol 2021 Sep 3:20201130. Epub 2021 Sep 3.

Necmettin Erbakan Üniversitesi Meram Tıp Fakültesi, Meram, Turkey.

Objective: The aim of study is to evaluate the results of deployment of Percutaneous Radiological Gastrostomy (PRG), which is a good alternative to Surgical Gastrostomy (SG), with transoral approach in cases where Percutaneous Endoscopic Gastrostomy (PEG) is contraindicated, difficult or unsuccessful, in patients with high risk of American Society of Anesthesiologists with four scores. In addition, we aimed to demonstrate the advantages of mushroom pull type catheters over push type gastrostomy catheters.

Methods: This retrospective study included a total of 40 patients (18 females and 22 males) aged 21-92 years who underwent PRG with the antegrade transoral approach. Read More

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September 2021