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Multicomponent exercise to improve motor functions, cognition and well-being for nursing home residents who are unable to walk - A randomized controlled trial.

Exp Gerontol 2021 Jul 19:111484. Epub 2021 Jul 19.

Institute of Human Movement Science, University of Hamburg, Mollerstr, 10, 20148 Hamburg, Germany; Biological Psychology and Neuroergonomics, TU Berlin, Fasanenstr. 1, 10623 Berlin, Germany. Electronic address:

Background: Older nursing home residents are often characterized by multimorbidity and dependency in activities of daily living. Most exercise studies in this setting aim at residents who are still able to walk despite the huge group of residents that is unable to walk. Thus, little is known about the effectiveness to improve cognitive and motor functions as well as well-being within this target group, e. Read More

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Promising potential of boron compounds against Glioblastoma: In Vitro antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anticancer studies.

Neurochem Int 2021 Jul 19;149:105137. Epub 2021 Jul 19.

Centre for Host-Microbiome Interactions, Faculty of Dentistry, Oral & Craniofacial Sciences, King's College London, London, SE1 9RT, UK; Science for Life Laboratory, KTH - Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, SE-17121, Sweden. Electronic address:

Glioblastoma (GB) is the most common and aggressive primary malignant astrocytoma correlated with poor patient survival. There are no curative treatments for GB, and it becomes resistant to chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and immunotherapy. Resistance in GB cells is closely related to their states of redox imbalance, and the role of reactive oxygen species and its impact on cancer cell survival is still far from elucidation. Read More

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Spatiotemporal variations, health risks, pollution status and possible sources of dissolved trace metal(loid)s in the Karasu River, Turkey.

Environ Res 2021 Jul 19:111733. Epub 2021 Jul 19.

East Mediterranean Transitional Zone Agricultural Research of Institute, Kahramanmaraş, Turkey.

The Karasu River is the main tributary of the Euphrates River, which is the longest river in Southwest Asia. Domestic and industrial wastewater discharges, agricultural practices and mining activities in the basin can cause potential toxic metal pollution in the Karasu River. However, very little is known about the levels of dissolved trace metal(loid)s (TMs) in the river. Read More

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Ending the HIV epidemic using National HIV Behavioral Surveillance (NHBS): Recommendations based on DC model.

PLoS One 2021 22;16(7):e0253594. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Strategic Information Division, HIV/AIDS, Hepatitis, STD, and TB Administration (HAHSTA), District of Columbia Department of Health, Government of the District of Columbia, Washington, DC, United States of America.

Introduction: Social network strategies have been used by health departments to identify undiagnosed cases of HIV. Heterosexual cycle (HET4) of National HIV Behavioral Surveillance (NHBS) is a social network strategy implemented in jurisdictions. The main objectives of this research are to 1) evaluate the utility of the NHBS HET cycle data for network analysis; 2) to apply statistical analysis in support of previous HIV research, as well as to develop new research results focused on demographic variables and prevention/intervention with respect to heterosexual HIV risk; and 3) to employ NHBS data to inform policy with respect to the EHE plan. Read More

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Exploring the occupational lives of Syrians under temporary protection in Turkey.

Aust Occup Ther J 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Occupational Science and Occupational Therapy, Temerty Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Introduction: Persons who become displaced due to situations such as war and natural disasters face extreme challenges in maintaining their occupational repertoires. This study aimed to explore the occupational lives of Syrians under temporary protection in Turkey.

Methods: This mixed method study used a cross-sectional design with a predominantly qualitative focus. Read More

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Continuous Use of Home Care Services and Functional Performance: A Population-Based Approach.

J Appl Gerontol 2021 Jul 22:7334648211032419. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Institute of Health Policy and Management, National Taiwan University, Taipei City.

Background: Home care (HC) services are the foundational service in Taiwan, such as personal care, housekeeping, showers, meal preparation, and so on. We used population-representative data to evaluate the effects of HC services use on the long-term functional performance of older adults.

Method: This longitudinal study used latent growth curve modeling, measured as trajectories in activities of daily living (ADL) ability. Read More

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COVID-19 in the California State Prison System: an Observational Study of Decarceration, Ongoing Risks, and Risk Factors.

J Gen Intern Med 2021 Jul 21. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Stanford Health Policy and the Department of Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA.

Background: Correctional institutions nationwide are seeking to mitigate COVID-19-related risks.

Objective: To quantify changes to California's prison population since the pandemic began and identify risk factors for COVID-19 infection.

Design: For California state prisons (March 1-October 10, 2020), we described residents' demographic characteristics, health status, COVID-19 risk scores, room occupancy, and labor participation. Read More

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Role of Flavonoids in the Treatment of Iron Overload.

Front Cell Dev Biol 2021 5;9:685364. Epub 2021 Jul 5.

Department of Oncology, Weifang Traditional Chinese Hospital, Weifang, China.

Iron overload, a high risk factor for many diseases, is seen in almost all human chronic and common diseases. Iron chelating agents are often used for treatment but, at present, most of these have a narrow scope of application, obvious side effects, and other disadvantages. Recent studies have shown that flavonoids can affect iron status, reduce iron deposition, and inhibit the lipid peroxidation process caused by iron overload. Read More

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Weight Status and Body Composition Dynamics in Children and Adolescents During the COVID-19 Pandemic.

Front Pediatr 2021 5;9:707773. Epub 2021 Jul 5.

Pediatric Endocrinology and Diabetes Unit, Dana-Dwek Children's Hospital, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Affiliated With the Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.

The preventive measures taken in attempt to prevent COVID-19 spread lead to closure of schools and leisure time activities. The impact of the pandemic on pediatric weight status is unclear, reports from around the world predict grave consequences with increasing obesity. We aimed to examine the change in body composition parameters of children and adolescents during the pandemic. Read More

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Creativity and Leisure During COVID-19: Examining the Relationship Between Leisure Activities, Motivations, and Psychological Well-Being.

Front Psychol 2021 5;12:609967. Epub 2021 Jul 5.

School of Psychology and Wellbeing, University of Buckingham, Buckingham, United Kingdom.

Social distancing policies have been implemented around the world to reduce the spread of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). These measures have included temporary restrictions on mass gatherings and the closure of public facilities, limiting the pursuit of leisure activities such as travel while allowing more time for at-home pursuits, including creative activities such as gardening and painting. Previous research has demonstrated the benefits of physical activity for psychological well-being during COVID-19, but less attention has been given to the potential benefits of creative pursuits, such as arts and music. Read More

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The impact of race and ethnicity on outcomes in 19,584 adults hospitalized with COVID-19.

PLoS One 2021 21;16(7):e0254809. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, United States of America.

Introduction: At the population level, Black and Hispanic adults in the United States have increased risk of dying from COVID-19, yet whether race and ethnicity impact on risk of mortality among those hospitalized for COVID-19 is unclear.

Methods: Retrospective cohort study using data on adults hospitalized with COVID-19 from the electronic health record from 52 health systems across the United States contributing data to Cerner Real World DataTM. In-hospital mortality was evaluated by race first in unadjusted analysis then sequentially adjusting for demographics and clinical characteristics using logistic regression. Read More

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A rice transcription factor, OsMADS57, positively regulates high salinity tolerance in transgenic Arabidopsis thaliana and Oryza sativa plants.

Physiol Plant 2021 Jul 20. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Zhejiang Key Lab of Crop Germplasm, Department of Agronomy, College of Agriculture and Biotechnology, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China.

MADS-box transcription factors (TFs) play indispensable roles in various aspects of plant growth, development as well as in response to environmental stresses. Several MADS-box genes have been reported to be involved in the salt tolerance in different plant species. However, the role of the transcription factor OsMADS57 under salinity stress is still unknown. Read More

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COVID-19 Prevention Practices and Associated Factors Among Farmers in Peri-Urban Areas of Northeastern Ethiopia.

J Multidiscip Healthc 2021 12;14:1843-1852. Epub 2021 Jul 12.

Department of Environmental Health Science, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Wollo University, Dessie, Ethiopia.

Background: COVID-19 is a global health threat due to its rapid spread and ability to kill millions of people. The majority of pandemic-fighting approaches rely on prevention activities, which can be influenced by a variety of factors. Farmers are more vulnerable to COVID-19, so evaluating existing prevention practices and associated factors is critical to prevent the COVID-19 pandemic. Read More

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Association Between Physical Performance and Cognitive Function in Chinese Community-Dwelling Older Adults: Serial Mediation of Malnutrition and Depression.

Clin Interv Aging 2021 12;16:1327-1335. Epub 2021 Jul 12.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Shanghai University of Medicine and Health Sciences, Shanghai, People's Republic of China.

Purpose: We aimed to propose a serial mediational model to further analyze the relationship between poor physical performance, malnutrition, depression and cognitive impairment in Chinese community-dwelling older adults.

Patients And Methods: This study consisted of 1386 community-dwelling Chinese older adults aged 65 years and older in Shanghai, China. Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) was assessed by the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and Instrumental Activities Of Daily Living (IADL). Read More

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Measures of physical performance in COVID-19 patients: a mapping review.

Pulmonology 2021 Jun 24. Epub 2021 Jun 24.

Istituti Clinici Scientifici Maugeri IRCCS, Respiratory Rehabilitation Division of the Institute of Montescano, Pavia, Italy. Electronic address:

Background And Objective: There is evidence of short- and long-term impairment of physical performance in patients with COVID-19 infection, but a verification of measures of physical impairment in this condition is lacking. We reviewed the measures used to assess physical performance in these patients. Secondary targets were measures of exercise or daily life activities induced symptoms. Read More

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[Cooperation protocol and advanced practice, an evolutionary perspective for the French radiation therapist].

Cancer Radiother 2021 Jul 17. Epub 2021 Jul 17.

Département de Radiothérapie, Centre Léon Bérard, Lyon, France.

For several years, the profession of radiographer has been unattractive and is in search of professional recognition. Increasingly complex therapeutic and diagnostic evolutions forces professionals to develop their skills to ensure quality and safe care for all patients. The primary role of the radiographer is to support patients and to accompany them during their examination or treatment, combining caregiver and technician's roles. Read More

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Sexual wellbeing in early adolescence: a cross-sectional assessment among girls and boys in urban Indonesia.

Reprod Health 2021 Jul 20;18(1):153. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Rutgers, Utrecht, Netherlands.

Background: Early adolescence (ages 10-14) is a critical period of physical, cognitive, social and emotional development, which affect sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR). Yet, little is known about positive or healthy aspects of sexuality development during this period of life, especially in South East Asia where sexual norms remain restrictive. The objective of this study is to assess the prevalence and correlates of sexual wellbeing among early adolescent girls and boys ages 10-14 years in Indonesia. Read More

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Health-related quality of life in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis using EQ-5D-5L.

Health Qual Life Outcomes 2021 Jul 20;19(1):181. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Department of Neurology, Laboratory of Neurodegenerative Disorders, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, No. 37 Guoxue Xiang, Chengdu, 610041, Sichuan, China.

Background: The study aimed to appraise the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) measured by the five-level EuroQol-5 dimensions (EQ-5D-5L) in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), and to explore the associations between non-motor symptoms (mood changes, cognitive disturbances and sleep disturbances).

Methods: EQ-5D-5L descriptive scores were converted into a single aggregated "health utility" score. A calibrated visual analog scale (EQ-VAS) was used for self-rating of current health status. Read More

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Effect of 12-month supervised, home-based physical exercise on functioning among persons with signs of frailty - Randomized Controlled Trial.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2021 Jul 17. Epub 2021 Jul 17.

South Karelia Social and Health Care District, Rehabilitation, Valto Käkelän katu 3, FI-53130 Lappeenranta, FINLAND. Electronic address:

Objectives: To investigate the effects of a 12-month home-based exercise program on functioning and falls among persons with signs of frailty.

Design: A randomized controlled trial with a 1:1 allocation SETTING: Home-based PARTICIPANTS: Home-dwelling persons aged ≥65 years meeting at least one frailty phenotype criteria (n=300).

Intervention: 12-month, individually tailored, progressive and physiotherapist-supervised, physical exercise twice a week (n=150) vs. Read More

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Phytotoxin of Rice Aggregate Sheath Spot Pathogen Rhizoctonia oryzae-sativae and Its Biological Activities.

Can J Microbiol 2021 Jul 20. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Sciences, 117941, Nanjing, China, 210014;

Rice aggregate sheath spot disease occurs in many countries, causing serious yield losses. In China, the disease-causing fungus Rhizoctonia oryzae-sativae was reported in 1985, and since then, it has rarely been reported in major rice-growing areas after almost 30 years. Compared with Rhizoctonia solani, R. Read More

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Healthy People 2030: Roadmap for Public Health for the Next Decade.

Am J Pharm Educ 2020 Nov 13;84(11):8462. Epub 2020 Nov 13.

American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy, Arlington, Virginia.

Pharmacists play key roles in public health activities. The Healthy People initiative is a future-oriented approach to promote health and prevent disease, and serves as a framework for priority areas of intervention. The latest iteration, Healthy People 2030, was released in August 2020. Read More

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November 2020

Spatial analysis of production-living-ecological functions and zoning method under symbiosis theory of Henan, China.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2021 Jul 20. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Resources and Environmental Information Engineering, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou, 221116, China.

Land space is the carrier of human production, living activities, and ecological civilization construction. How to promote the orderly, moderate, and sustainable development and utilization of land space is a scientific problem to be solved. As a key element in China's spatial planning, the quantitative analysis of spatial pattern and functional zoning has become a focus of China's current development. Read More

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Replacing fish meal with rapeseed meal: potential impact on the growth performance, profitability measures, serum biomarkers, antioxidant status, intestinal morphometric analysis, and water quality of Oreochromis niloticus and Sarotherodon galilaeus fingerlings.

Vet Res Commun 2021 Jul 20. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Clinical Laboratory Sciences Department, Turabah University College, Taif University, P.O. Box 11099, Taif, 21944, Saudi Arabia.

The aim of this study was to assess the impact of using rapeseed meal as a partial replacement for fish meal in the diet of farmed tilapia. We evaluated the effect of this replacement on growth performance, profitability, serum biomarkers, antioxidant status, gut morphology, and water quality. A total of 960 apparently healthy Oreochromis niloticus (O. Read More

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Foliar application of silver nanoparticles differentially intervenes remediation statuses and oxidative stress indicators in planted on gold-mined soil.

Int J Phytoremediation 2021 Jul 20:1-10. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Department of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Osun State University, Osogbo, Nigeria.

The study assessed the intervention of foliar application of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) on heavy metal toxicity and phytoremediation status of planted in gold-mined soil. The green synthesized AgNPs absorbed maximally at 425 nm, had an average particle size of 55 ± 2.3 nm and peaks at 3,443 and 1,636 cm. Read More

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Development and validation of the Health-Friendly Activity Index: an assessment tool to comprehensively measure health-friendly activities of corporations or organisations.

BMJ Open 2021 Jul 19;11(7):e048768. Epub 2021 Jul 19.

Family Science and Social Work, Miami University, Oxford, Ohio, USA.

Objectives: We developed the Health-Friendly Activity Index (HFAI) to comprehensively measure the health-friendly activities of corporations or organisations. We validated the developed tool and reported on its use as an assessment tool to improve consumers' health-related outcomes.

Design: This was a cross-sectional study. Read More

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Mini-transverse incision using a novel bush-hook versus conventional open incision for treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome: a prospective study.

J Orthop Surg Res 2021 Jul 19;16(1):462. Epub 2021 Jul 19.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, The General Hospital of Jizhong Energy Xingtai Mining Group, NO.202 Bayi Street, Xingtai, Hebei, People's Republic of China.

Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the outcomes of a mini-transverse incision with a bush-hook versus a conventional open incision for carpal tunnel release (CTR).

Methods: This was a prospective study. The decision to receive either technique (mini-transverse incision with a bush-hook or conventional open incision) was primarily based on patients' choice. Read More

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Home/community-based interventions to improve function in persons with mild cognitive impairment/early dementia.

Geriatr Nurs 2021 Jul 16;42(5):1109-1124. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing, 525 N. Wolfe St. Room 422, Baltimore, MD 21205 USA.

Persons with mild cognitive impairment/early dementia have a possible 20-year trajectory of disability and dependence with little information on the effectiveness of interventions to improve function. This review investigates the literature of home/community-based interventions for physical and executive function in persons with mild cognitive impairment/early dementia. A 2007-2020 systematic literature search was conducted through PubMed, CINAHL Plus with Full Text and PsycINFO. Read More

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The association between social media use for health related information and compliance with breast and cervical cancer screenings.

Res Rep (Montgomery, Ala.) 2020 7;4:e1-e14. Epub 2020 May 7.

Division of Preventive Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 1717 11th Ave. South, Birmingham, Alabama 35205, United States.

There is a need to investigate the impact of social media use on patient compliance with important health screenings due to the inconsistency of research findings on the effect of using social media on cervical cancer screenings. This study assessed associations between social media use and adherence in women at risk for breast and cervical cancer to mammograms and Pap smear screenings. A total of 6695 respondents from the Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS) 5 Cycle 1 and 2 datasets were used for data analysis. Read More

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Risk of Introduction of Classical Swine Fever Into the State of Mato Grosso, Brazil.

Front Vet Sci 2021 1;8:647838. Epub 2021 Jul 1.

Department of Veterinary Population Medicine, Center for Animal Health and Food Safety, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN, United States.

Classical swine fever (CSF) is considered one of the most important diseases of swine because of the far-reaching economic impact the disease causes to affected countries and regions. The state of Mato Grosso (MT) is part of Brazil's CSF-free zone. CSF status is uncertain in some of MT's neighboring States and countries, which has resulted in the perception that MT is at high risk for the disease. Read More

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