165,882 results match your criteria statistically difference


Comparing respiratory polygraphy with pulse transit time analysis versus overnight polysomnography in the diagnosis of obstructive sleep apnoea in children.

Sleep Med 2021 Mar 1;81:457-462. Epub 2021 Mar 1.

FHKAM(Otolaryngology), Department of Otolaryngology, Tuen Mun Hospital, Hong Kong.

Objective: Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome in children is associated with significant morbidity. Polysomnography is the main diagnostic tool but is time consuming and requires skilled manpower to supervise the patient overnight and hence long referral to diagnosis time. However, there are limitations and underestimation of the apnoea hyponea index (AHI) with alternative home sleep apnoea testing (HSAT), such as type 3 respiratory polygraphy (RP). Read More

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The effect of warm salt water foot bath on the management of chemotherapy-induced fatigue.

Eur J Oncol Nurs 2021 Apr 3;52:101954. Epub 2021 Apr 3.

Istanbul University-Cerrahpasa Florence Nightingale Faculty of Nursing, Department of Internal Medical Nursing, Istanbul, Turkey. Electronic address:

Purpose: Several studies have shown that the warm water bath can be a beneficial approach in the management of fatigue. This experimental study was conducted to evaluate the effect of warm salt water foot bath in the management of chemotherapy-induced fatigue.

Methods: This randomized controlled trial was perfomed between November 2017-February 2018. Read More

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Prediction of minimum postmortem submersion interval (PMSI) based on eukaryotic community succession on skeletal remains recovered from a lentic environment.

Forensic Sci Int 2021 Apr 14;323:110784. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Department of Forensic Science, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23284, United States. Electronic address:

Although recent studies explored using microbial succession during decomposition to estimate the postmortem interval (PMI) and postmortem submersion interval (PMSI), there is currently no published research using aquatic eukaryotic community succession to estimate the minimum postmortem submersion interval (PMSI). The goals of this study were to determine whether eukaryotic community succession occurs on porcine skeletal remains in a lentic environment, and, if so, to develop a statistical model for PMSI prediction. Fresh porcine bones (rib N = 100, scapula N = 100) were placed in cages (10'' x 10'') attached to floatation devices and submerged in a fresh water lake (Crozet, VA), using waterproof loggers and a YSI Sonde to record temperature and water quality variables, respectively. Read More

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Right ventricular lead location and outcomes among patients with cardiac resynchronization therapy: A meta-analysis.

Prog Cardiovasc Dis 2021 Apr 14. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Division of Cardiology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC 27710, United States of America; Duke Clinical Research Institute, Durham, NC 27710, United States of America.

Background: Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) has been demonstrated to improve heart failure (HF) symptoms, reverse LV remodeling, and reduce mortality and HF hospitalization (HFH) in patients with a reduced left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (LVEF). Prior studies examining outcomes based on right ventricular (RV) lead position among CRT patients have provided mixed results. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials and prospective observational studies comparing RV apical (RVA) and non-apical (RVNA) lead position in CRT. Read More

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Evaluation of sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) levels in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease.

Int Urol Nephrol 2021 Apr 17. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Konya Training and Research Hospital, University of Health Sciences, Konya, Turkey.

Purpose: Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is the most common genetic kidney disease and the majority of patients have a PKD-1 or PKD-2 mutation. Sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) has roles in cellular aging, antioxidant activity, cellular proliferation. In an experimental study, inhibition of SIRT1 was found to delay renal cyst development in ADPKD. Read More

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Effectiveness of intranasal steroids on rhinitis symptoms, sleep quality, and quality of life in patients with perennial allergic rhinitis.

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2021 Apr 17. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Faculty of Medicine, Minia University, Minia, Egypt.

Purpose: Evaluate the impact of perennial allergic rhinitis (PAR) on the health-related quality of life (HRQL) and measure performance issues that are of major concerns for PAR patients, as well as determining the effect of intra-nasal steroids (INS) on PAR and associated congestion, sleep complaints, and daytime sleepiness.

Methods: This study was a cross-sectional study. A total of 78 PAR patients underwent otorhinolaryngological examination and skin test. Read More

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The prevalence of screened trichotillomania in medical students of Saint-Joseph University.

Encephale 2021 Apr 13. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Psychiatry department, Hôtel-Dieu de France, Faculty of Medicine, Université Saint-Joseph de Beyrouth, BP, 166830 Beirut, Lebanon.

Objectives: Our study aims to determine the prevalence of trichotillomania among medical students. Furthermore, we aim to determine the perception of trichotillomania in this population.

Methods: Our study is a cross-sectional study that aims to determine the prevalence and the perception of trichotillomania among medical students in, compared to a control population. Read More

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Impact of Reported Donor Ejection Fraction on Outcome after Heart Transplantation.

Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2021 Apr 16. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Department of Cardiac Surgery, University Hospital, Duesseldorf, Germany.

Objectives:  The global shortage of donor organs has urged transplanting units to extend donor selection criteria, for example, impaired left ventricular function (LVF), leading to the use of marginal donor hearts. We retrospectively analyzed our patients after orthotopic heart transplantation (oHTX) with a focus on the clinical outcome depending on donor LVF.

Methods:  Donor reports, intraoperative, echocardiographic, and clinical follow-up data of patients undergoing oHTX at a single-center between September 2010 and June 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. Read More

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Lessons Learned After 760 Neurointerventions via the Upper Extremity Vasculature: Pearls and Pitfalls.

Neurosurgery 2021 Apr 16. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Department of Neurological Surgery, Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.

Background: The radial approach has been gaining more widespread use by neurointerventionalists fueled by data from the cardiology literature showing better safety and overall reduced morbidity.

Objective: To present our institution's experience with the radial approach for neuroendovascular interventions in 614 consecutive patients who underwent a cumulative of 760 procedures.

Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed and identified neuroendovascular procedures performed via the upper extremity vasculature access site. Read More

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Postoperative Admission of Adult Craniotomy Patients to the Neuroscience Ward Reduces Length of Stay and Cost.

Neurosurgery 2021 Apr 16. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Department of Neurosurgery, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, USA.

Background: The neurointensive care unit (NICU) has traditionally been the default recovery unit after elective craniotomies.

Objective: To assess whether admitting adult patients without significant comorbidities to the neuroscience ward (NW) instead of NICU for recovery resulted in similar clinical outcome while reducing length of stay (LOS) and hospitalization cost.

Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical and cost data of adult patients undergoing supratentorial craniotomy at a university hospital within a 5-yr period who had a LOS less than 7 d. Read More

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The Validity of the Koos Classification System With Respect to Facial Nerve Function.

Neurosurgery 2021 Apr 16. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Department of Neurological Surgery, The University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA.

Background: The Koos classification of vestibular schwannomas is designed to stratify tumors based on extrameatal extension and compression of the brainstem. Our prior study demonstrated excellent reliability. No study has yet assessed its validity. Read More

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The effect of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) on wound healing, adhesion, and hemostasis after endoscopic sinus surgery in patients with nasal polyposis.

Am J Otolaryngol 2021 Mar 29;42(5):103010. Epub 2021 Mar 29.

Prof. Dr. Cemil Tascioglu City Hospital, Otorhinolaryngology Department, Turkey.

Purpose: Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is one of the most common chronic diseases seen worldwide. Endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) has become a widely accepted procedure for medically refractory chronic rhinosinusitis and nasal polyps. Prevention of revision surgery often depends on good wound healing and less adhesion formation. Read More

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Literature Review of Primary versus Patching versus Eversion as Carotid Endarterectomy Closure.

J Vasc Surg 2021 Apr 13. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Division of Vascular Surgery, Albany Medical College, 391 Myrtle Avenue, Suite 5, Albany, NY 12208. Electronic address:

Background: The type of closure after carotid endarterectomy (CEA), whether primary, patching or eversion resulting optimal results remains somewhat controversial. This article compares the results of randomized controlled trials (RCT) and systematic/meta-analysis of the various types of closure.

Methods: We conducted a PubMed literature review search comparing CEA with primary closure versus CEA with patching versus eversion CEA over the past three decades with an emphasis on RCTs and previously reported systematic/meta-analysis and large multicenter observational studies (VQI data) or recent single large study center. Read More

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Evaluation of the Quality, Educational Value and Utility of the Videos on YouTube for Laparoscopic Low Anterior Resection.

Am Surg 2021 Apr 16:31348211011102. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Health of Science University, 536164Ankara City Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.

Background: Minimally invasive surgery is a rising trend in colorectal surgery and is on its way to becoming the gold standard due to the benefits it provides for patients. This study aims to test the efficacy for educational purposes by evaluating the videos published on YouTube (www.youtube. Read More

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The effect of nursing interventions to instill hope on the internalized stigma, hope, and quality of life levels in patients With schizophrenia.

Perspect Psychiatr Care 2021 Apr 16. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Department of Psychiatric Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Ataturk University, Erzurum, Turkey.

Purpose: This study was conducted to determine the effect of nursing interventions to instill hope on the internalized stigma, hope, and quality of life.

Methods: The study was conducted as a quasi-experimental study with the experimental and control groups and repeated measurements. The data were collected using the Personal Information Form, Internalized Stigma Scale in Mental Illnesses (ISMI), Herth Hope Index (HHS), and Quality of Life Scale (QLS) for schizophrenia patients. Read More

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The effects of therapeutic touch on spiritual care and sleep quality in patients receiving palliative care.

Perspect Psychiatr Care 2021 Apr 16. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Department of Surgical Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, Aksaray University, Aksaray, Turkey.

Purpose: This study was conducted to investigate the effect of therapeutic touch (TT) on spiritual care and sleep quality in patients receiving palliative care.

Design And Methods: The research was conducted on 73 inpatients receiving palliative care in a training and research hospital. Data were collected with Socio-Demographic Status Questionnaire, Spirituality and Spiritual Care Rating Scale (SSCRS), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). Read More

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In vitro effects of curcumin on proinflammatory cytokines and expression of their genes in minor salivary gland tissue of patients with Sjogren's syndrome.

Rheumatol Int 2021 Apr 16. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Department of Clinical Immunology and Rheumatology, Christian Medical College and Hospital, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, 632004, India.

Curcumin reduces disease severity and ameliorates lupus-like/Sjögren's Syndrome-like disease in mice model. The immunological basis of these effects is largely unknown. This study examined the effects of curcumin on pro-inflammatory cytokines secreted by minor salivary glands in patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS). Read More

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Bleeding risk of image-guided percutaneous catheter drainage of pyogenic liver abscess in patients with coagulopathy.

Abdom Radiol (NY) 2021 Apr 16. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Department of Radiology, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, No. 36, Sanhao Street, Heping District, Shenyang, 110004, China.

Objective: Percutaneous catheter drainage (PCD) is the mainstream treatment for pyogenic liver abscess (PLA). However, in some patients with severe coagulopathy, there may increase the risk of bleeding complications related to PCD. Therefore, this study was aimed to evaluate the incidence of bleeding complications of PCD in PLA patients complicated with coagulopathy. Read More

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Mobile Health Intervention Promoting Physical Activity in Adults Post Cardiac Rehabilitation: Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial.

JMIR Form Res 2021 Apr 16;5(4):e20468. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Departments of Medicine and Epidemiology & Biostatistics, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, United States.

Background: Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is an exercise-based program prescribed after cardiac events associated with improved physical, mental, and social functioning; however, many patients return to a sedentary lifestyle leading to deteriorating functional capacity after discharge from CR. Physical activity (PA) is critical to avoid recurrence of cardiac events and mortality and maintain functional capacity. Leveraging mobile health (mHealth) strategies to increase adherence to PA is a promising approach. Read More

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The association between electrocardiographic data and obesity in children and adolescents.

Minerva Pediatr (Torino) 2021 Apr 16. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Department of Pediatric Endocrinology, Dicle University Hospital, Diyarbakır, Turkey.

Background: There are not enough studies investigating the relationship between obesity and ECG abnormalities in children and adolescents. This study aims to investigate the relationship between obesity and electrocardiographic data in children and adolescents for early diagnosis to prevent arrhythmia or sudden death in later stages of life.

Patients And Methods: A total of 65 children and adolescents with obesity applied to our pediatric endocrinology outpatient clinic with nonspecific complaints and without any known chronic illnesses; 76 healthy children and adolescents were included in the study. Read More

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Length-weight growth analysis up to 12 months of age in three groups according to the dietary pattern followed from pregnant mothers and children during the first year of life.

Minerva Pediatr (Torino) 2021 Apr 16. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Unicusano University, Rome, Italy.

Background: The aim of the present study is to analyse the length-weight growth up to 12 months of age in three groups considering the respective dietary pattern followed from the pregnant mothers and from the infants during the first year of the life. Moreover, the cultural inference of vegetarianism has been studied.

Methods: Between September 2017 and May 2018, more than 100 mothers have been proposed to participate in this study. Read More

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Radiologic evaluation of the fossa navicularis: incidence, morphometric features, and clinical implications.

Surg Radiol Anat 2021 Apr 16. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Department of Dentomaxillofacial Radiology, Faculty of Dentistry, Gaziantep University, Gaziantep, Turkey.

Introduction: The aim of this study was to determine the incidence and morphometric and morphological characteristics of fossa navicularis (FN) on cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) images of healthy adults MATERIALS AND METHODS: CBCT images of 900 individuals (450 males, 450 females, over the age of 18) admitted to Gaziantep University, Dentistry Faculty were retrospectively examined. The incidence and shape of FN were determined. Transverse diameter (TDFN), sagittal diameter (SDFN), depth in transverse section (DFNT), depth in sagittal section (DFNS), and the shortest distance between the deepest point of FN and intracranial cavity (FNI) were measured. Read More

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Contrast enhanced ultrasound quantitative parameters for assessing neoadjuvant chemotherapy response in patients with locally advanced breast cancer.

Br J Radiol 2021 Apr 16:20201160. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Department of Pathology, Vardhman Mahavir Medical College and Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, India.

Objectives: To evaluate the role of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) quantitative parameters in predicting neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) response in patients with locally advanced breast cancer (LABC).

Methods: 30 patients with histologically proven LABC scheduled for NACT were recruited. CEUS was performed using a contrast bolus of 4. Read More

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Comparison of Laboratory and Radiological Findings of Pregnant and Non-Pregnant Women with Covid-19.

Rev Bras Ginecol Obstet 2021 Mar 15;43(3):200-206. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Kartal Training and Research Hospital, University of Health Sciences, Istanbul, Turkey.

Objective:  Covid-19 became a pandemic, and researchers have not been able to establish a treatment algorithm. The pregnant population is also another concern for health care professionals. There are physiological changes related to pregnancy that result in different laboratory levels, radiological findings and disease progression. Read More

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[The frequency of performing vascular anastomoses determines the learning curve in a retrospective analysis of 212 participants of the Munich course of microsurgery].

Handchir Mikrochir Plast Chir 2021 Apr 15;53(2):125-129. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Klinikum der Universität München, LMU München Abteilung für Hand-, Plastische und Ästhetische Chirurgie.

Objective: Microsurgical courses are a widely accepted and common method of acquiring microsurgical skills outside of the operation theatre. In-vivo models are often used to prepare surgeons for vascular microsurgery in patients. Although microsurgical courses are commonly offered and attended, the learning curve acquired in such courses remains elusive. Read More

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What might cervical vestibular-evoked myogenic potential abnormalities mean in essential tremor?

Neurol Sci 2021 Apr 15. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Department of Neurology and Clinical Neurophysiology, Ege University Medical School, Bornova, 35100, Izmir, Turkey.

Aim/background: Essential tremor (ET) is one of the most common movement disorders. However, its pathogenesis is unclear. Human vestibular reflexes are essential not only for gait and posture but also for goal-directed voluntary movements. Read More

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Gastrointestinal defect closure using a novel through-the-scope helix tack and suture device compared to endoscopic clips in a survival porcine model (with video).

Endosc Int Open 2021 Apr 12;9(4):E572-E577. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Division of Gastroenterology & Hepatology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, United States.

Endoscopic resections are associated with bleeding and perforation and may be managed with through-the-scope (TTS) clips, over-the-scope clips and endoscopic suturing. The aim of this preclinical study was to compare technical success of closure using a novel TTS tissue helix tack and suture device (X-Tack) to TTS clips in a porcine model. Four subjects underwent 40 mucosal resections, diameter range 25-50 mm, in the stomach (n = 24) and colon (n = 16). Read More

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Changes in Maxillary Sinus Mucosal Thickening following the Extraction of Teeth with Advanced Periodontal Disease: A Retrospective Study Using Cone-Beam Computed Tomography.

Authors:
Zheng Cao Jie Yuan

Biomed Res Int 2021 23;2021:6688634. Epub 2021 Mar 23.

Dental Clinic of Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, China.

Objectives: To explore the alterations in maxillary sinus mucosal thickening after extracting teeth with severe periodontal disease using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT).

Methods: 30 patients with severe periodontal disease of maxillary posterior teeth that needed to be extracted and who were radiographically diagnosed with mucosal thickening (MT) in the maxillary sinus participated in the study. CBCT scans were taken before tooth extraction and 2-29 months after tooth extraction. Read More

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Management of Oral Mucositis in Children With Malignant Solid Tumors.

Front Oncol 2021 30;11:599243. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

Unità di Oncologia Pediatrica, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario Gemelli IRCCS, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Rome, Italy.

Introduction: In recent years, the use of intensive regimens for the treatment of pediatric cancer has led to a marked improvement in patient survival. However, these treatments are associated with an increase in toxic effects. Among these side effects, mucositis (inflammation of the oral cavity) significantly affect the success of treatment. Read More

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Probiotics Can Further Reduce Waist Circumference in Adults with Morbid Obesity after Bariatric Surgery: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.

Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2021 1;2021:5542626. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

The Center of Gastrointestinal and Minimally Invasive Surgery, Affiliated Hospital of Southwest Jiaotong University, The Third People's Hospital of Chengdu, Chengdu, China.

Whether probiotics could be used as an adjunct to bariatric surgery is controversial. This meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the effects of probiotics on body weight, body mass index (BMI), percentage of the excess weight loss (%EWL), waist circumference (WC), and C-reactive protein (CRP) in adults with obesity after bariatric surgery (BS). PUBMED, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Central Registry of Controlled Trials were searched from the earliest record to March 2020. Read More

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