4,175 results match your criteria speech technique

Ten Years of Research on Automatic Voice and Speech Analysis of People With Alzheimer's Disease and Mild Cognitive Impairment: A Systematic Review Article.

Front Psychol 2021 23;12:620251. Epub 2021 Mar 23.

Faculty of Psychology, University of Salamanca, Salamanca, Spain.

The field of voice and speech analysis has become increasingly popular over the last 10 years, and articles on its use in detecting neurodegenerative diseases have proliferated. Many studies have identified characteristic speech features that can be used to draw an accurate distinction between healthy aging among older people and those with mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer's disease. Speech analysis has been singled out as a cost-effective and reliable method for detecting the presence of both conditions. Read More

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Association between acoustic speech features and non-severe levels of anxiety and depression symptoms across lifespan.

PLoS One 2021 8;16(4):e0248842. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Institute of Electronics and Informatics Engineering of Aveiro, University of Aveiro, Aveiro, Portugal.

Background: Several studies have investigated the acoustic effects of diagnosed anxiety and depression. Anxiety and depression are not characteristics of the typical aging process, but minimal or mild symptoms can appear and evolve with age. However, the knowledge about the association between speech and anxiety or depression is scarce for minimal/mild symptoms, typical of healthy aging. Read More

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Curriculum Vocabulary Learning of Fourth Graders Using the Vocabulary Scenario Technique.

Lang Speech Hear Serv Sch 2021 Apr 7:1-13. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Student Success Initiatives, Inc., Anna Maria, FL.

Purpose The purpose of this study was to determine if a direct, explicit method of teaching vocabulary with the Vocabulary Scenario Technique - General Education 16 Encounter (VSTGE16) protocol would yield gains in the vocabulary knowledge of fourth grade students in a general education classroom. Two research questions examined whether fourth grade students receiving VST-GE16 instruction with 16 instructor-led encounters per word, eight words taught per week for 90 min a week over 4 weeks demonstrated greater gains on a multiple-choice synonym test and a fill-in-the-blank words-in-context test than fourth grade students taught the same number of words, in the same time frame, using a vocabulary teaching method typically employed by a fourth grade teacher. Method The study was a quasi-experimental design, with a pretest and posttest multiple-choice synonym and fill-in-the-blank words-in-context measures administered. Read More

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Myeloarchitectonic Asymmetries of Language Regions in the Human Brain.

Cereb Cortex 2021 Apr 7. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Guangdong-Hongkong-Macau Institute of CNS Regeneration and Ministry of Education CNS Regeneration Collaborative Joint Laboratory, Jinan University, Guangzhou 510632, China.

One prominent theory in neuroscience and psychology assumes that cortical regions for language are left hemisphere lateralized in the human brain. In the current study, we used a novel technique, quantitative magnetic resonance imaging (qMRI), to examine interhemispheric asymmetries in language regions in terms of macromolecular tissue volume (MTV) and quantitative longitudinal relaxation time (T1) maps in the living human brain. These two measures are known to reflect cortical myeloarchitecture from the microstructural perspective. Read More

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Bilobed PMMC in Females: Our Challenging yet Meritorious Experience.

Indian J Surg Oncol 2021 Mar 8;12(1):39-47. Epub 2020 Oct 8.

Department of Surgical Oncology, Gujarat Cancer and Research Institute, Ahmedabad, Gujarat India.

The gold standard reconstructive options for full-thickness defect of the oral cavity after resection of malignant lesions are the free flaps. But in developing nations due to resource constraints, it cannot be offered to all. Hence, pectoralis major myocutaneous (PMMC) flap as bilobed flaps is most commonly used. Read More

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Relative efficacy of veria and mastoidectomy techniques of cochlear implantation in preservation of sound-induced saccular responses.

Int J Audiol 2021 Apr 2:1-9. Epub 2021 Apr 2.

Department of Audiology, All India Institute of Speech and Hearing, Mysuru, India.

Objective: Cochlear implantation (CI) is a safe technique to give hearing sensation to a person with hearing impairment. The present study aimed to compare the two surgical approaches of CI, mastoidectomy and veria, for their effects on saccular function assessed using cervical vestibular-evoked myogenic potential (cVEMP).

Design: Multiple group time series design. Read More

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Modeling of Recommendation System Based on Emotional Information and Collaborative Filtering.

Sensors (Basel) 2021 Mar 12;21(6). Epub 2021 Mar 12.

National Program of Excellence in Software Center, Chosun University, Gwangju 61452, Korea.

Emotion information represents a user's current emotional state and can be used in a variety of applications, such as cultural content services that recommend music according to user emotional states and user emotion monitoring. To increase user satisfaction, recommendation methods must understand and reflect user characteristics and circumstances, such as individual preferences and emotions. However, most recommendation methods do not reflect such characteristics accurately and are unable to increase user satisfaction. Read More

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A Mixed Methods Research Study of Parental Perception of Physical Activity and Quality of Life of Children Under Home Lock Down in the COVID-19 Pandemic.

Front Psychol 2021 15;12:649481. Epub 2021 Mar 15.

Faculty of Psychology and Speech Therapy, Department of Clinical Psychology, Psychobiology and Methodology, University of La Laguna, Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Spain.

Household confinement due to the rapid spread of the pandemic caused by COVID-19 has brought very significant changes, such as the forced stay-at-home of children due to the closure of schools. This has meant drastic changes in the organization of daily life and restrictions on their activities, including exercise, which could affect the quality of life of the children due to its importance. In order to study the relationship between physical activity and psychological well-being of minors, a study has been carried out with Mixed Methods Research, combining survey methodology with transversal design with qualitative methodology using discourse analysis. Read More

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Cochlear Implantation in Chronic Otitis Media with and without Cholesteatoma: Surgical Considerations and Auditory Outcomes.

ORL J Otorhinolaryngol Relat Spec 2021 Mar 30:1-6. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

Department of Otolaryngology, Faculty of Medicine, Medipol University, Istanbul, Turkey.

Introduction: Cochlear implant (CI) surgery is a safe and standardized procedure in the presence of normal temporal bone anatomy. However, in the surgery of patients with chronic otitis media (COM), the surgeon may encounter several problems. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of COM with and without cholesteatoma on surgical and auditory outcomes of CIs. Read More

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Vocal cord dysfunction detected by a three-dimensional image of dynamic change in respiratory resistance in a patient with difficult-to-treat asthma: a case report.

J Asthma 2021 Apr 14:1-5. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Department of Molecular and Internal Medicine, Graduate School of Biomedical and Health Sciences, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima, Japan.

Introduction: Vocal cord dysfunction (VCD) often coexists with asthma and exacerbates respiratory symptoms. A noninvasive method could be considered beneficial for the detection and follow-up of VCD complicated by asthma. Here, we report a case of VCD complicated by asthma, highlighting the effectiveness of colored three-dimensional (3-D) imaging of respiratory impedance using a broadband frequency forced oscillation technique (MostGraph). Read More

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Systemic methylprednisolone for hearing preservation during cochlear implant surgery: A double blinded placebo-controlled trial.

Hear Res 2021 May 28;404:108224. Epub 2021 Feb 28.

Department of Surgery - Otolaryngology, The University of Melbourne, Royal Victorian Eye and Ear Hospital, 32 Gisborne St RVEEH, Melbourne East 3002,Victoria, Australia; Cochlear Implant Clinic, Royal Victorian Eye and Ear Hospital, 32 Gisborne St, Melbourne East 3002, Australia.

Aim: To assess whether a single, peri-operative, high dose of methylprednisolone can improve the preservation of residual acoustic hearing following cochlear implantation (CI).

Methods: This was a double blinded placebo-controlled trial, performed in a tertiary academic centre. The hypothesis was that methylprednisolone would improve the preservation of hearing, and lower electrode impedances. Read More

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High-resolution spherical directivity of live speech from a multiple-capture transfer function method.

J Acoust Soc Am 2021 Mar;149(3):1507

Acoustics Research Group, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Brigham Young University, N284 Eyring Science Center, Provo, Utah 84602, USA.

Although human speech radiation has been a subject of considerable interest for decades, researchers have not previously measured its directivity over a complete sphere with high spatial and spectral resolution using live phonetically balanced passages. The research reported in this paper addresses this deficiency by employing a multiple-capture transfer function technique and spherical harmonic expansions. The work involved eight subjects and 2522 unique sampling positions over a 1. Read More

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Retrosigmoidal placement of an active transcutaneous bone conduction implant: surgical and audiological perspectives in a multicentre study.

Acta Otorhinolaryngol Ital 2021 Feb;41(1):91-99

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, University of Pavia, Foundation IRCCS Policlinico "San Matteo", Pavia, Italy.

Introduction: The retrosigmoidal (RS) placement of the Bonebridge system (BB) has been advocated for cases of unfavourable anatomical or clinical conditions which contraindicate transmastoid-presigmoidal positioning. However, these disadvantageous conditions, combined with the considerable dimensions of the implant, may represent a challenge, especially for surgeons with no skull base experience. Moreover, the literature reports only limited experience concerning RS implantation of the BB system. Read More

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February 2021

Short-Term Voice Improvement after Repeated Office-Based Platelet-Rich Plasma PRP Injection in Patients with Vocal Fold Scar, Sulcus, and Atrophy.

J Voice 2021 Mar 18. Epub 2021 Mar 18.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Loma Linda Health University, Loma Linda, California; Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Drexel University College of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Introduction: Improving the voice of patients with vocal atrophy, scar, and sulcus vocalis remains challenging. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is an autologous biological suitable for regenerative medicine. Office-based injections of PRP may serve as a source of improved wound healing. Read More

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Planning when to say: Dissociating cue use in utterance initiation using cross-validation.

J Exp Psychol Gen 2021 Mar 18. Epub 2021 Mar 18.

Department of Psychology of Language.

In conversation, turns follow each other with minimal gaps. To achieve this, speakers must launch their utterances shortly before the predicted end of the partner's turn. We examined the relative importance of cues to partner utterance content and partner utterance length for launching coordinated speech. Read More

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Generative Adversarial Phonology: Modeling Unsupervised Phonetic and Phonological Learning With Neural Networks.

Gašper Beguš

Front Artif Intell 2020 8;3:44. Epub 2020 Jul 8.

Department of Linguistics, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA, United States.

Training deep neural networks on well-understood dependencies in speech data can provide new insights into how they learn internal representations. This paper argues that acquisition of speech can be modeled as a dependency between random space and generated speech data in the Generative Adversarial Network architecture and proposes a methodology to uncover the network's internal representations that correspond to phonetic and phonological properties. The Generative Adversarial architecture is uniquely appropriate for modeling phonetic and phonological learning because the network is trained on unannotated raw acoustic data and learning is unsupervised without any language-specific assumptions or pre-assumed levels of abstraction. Read More

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Development of language and arithmetic skills: risk and protective factors. Comparative cross-sectional study.

Sao Paulo Med J 2021 Mar 12. Epub 2021 Mar 12.

MD, PhD. Assistant Professor, Department of Neuroscience and Behavioral Sciences, Faculty of Medicine of Ribeirão Preto, Universidade de São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto (SP), Brazil.

Background: In a literate society, linguistic/arithmetic performance is highly valued. Based on defined risk factors, strategies for promotion of better performance can be developed.

Objective: To ascertain the risk and protective factors relating to development of language and arithmetic. Read More

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Paediatric dentists' knowledge of behavioural management principles in Tamil Nadu, India.

Eur J Paediatr Dent 2021 ;22(1):75-79

Lecturer, Department of Speech, Hearing & Communication, NIEPMD, Chennai, India.

Aim: Behaviour management is one of the essential skills of paediatric dentists. Appropriate use of behavioural principles helps the child in developing the skills and behaviours necessary to willingly undergo dental care, not hindered by undue anxiety or fear. However, very little is known about the knowledge of principles regarding behaviour management among paediatric dentists. Read More

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Short lingual frenulum: From diagnosis to laser and speech-language therapy.

Eur J Paediatr Dent 2021 ;22(1):71-74

Università degli Studi "G. d´Annunzio" di Chieti-Pescara.

Aim: To evaluate the effects of tongue frenulectomy performed with two therapeutic approaches: Laser frenulectomy and combined laser and speech-language therapy.

Materials And Methods: The study involved 180 patients (90 males and 90 females) aged between 6 and 12 years. After examination and data collection, the patients were stratified according to three degrees of severity: mild, moderate and severe. Read More

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A Hybrid Machine-Learning-Based Method for Analytic Representation of the Vocal Fold Edges during Connected Speech.

Appl Sci (Basel) 2021 Feb 27;11(3). Epub 2021 Jan 27.

Department of Communicative Sciences and Disorders, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA.

Investigating the phonatory processes in connected speech from high-speed videoendoscopy (HSV) demands the accurate detection of the vocal fold edges during vibration. The present paper proposes a new spatio-temporal technique to automatically segment vocal fold edges in HSV data during running speech. The HSV data were recorded from a vocally normal adult during a reading of the "Rainbow Passage. Read More

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February 2021

Inflammation at the Tissue-Electrode Interface in a Case of Rapid Deterioration in Hearing Performance Leading to Explant After Cochlear Implantation.

Otol Neurotol 2021 Apr;42(4):e445-e450

Clinical and Experimental Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Institute for Life Sciences, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK.

Objective: The reasons for soft failure after cochlear implantation require investigation. This study proposes a method to study and characterize the tissue response to the array in a case of soft failure in a person undergoing reimplantation.

Case: The woman in her 50s, with an underlying autoimmune condition, received a cochlear implant using hearing preservation technique after developing profound hearing loss more than 2 kHz with a moderate loss of less than 500 Hz over a 10-year period. Read More

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An investigation to choose the proper therapy technique in the management of autism spectrum disorder.

J Comp Eff Res 2021 Apr 12;10(5):423-437. Epub 2021 Mar 12.

Department of Radiology, Brain Health Imaging Institute, Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, NY 10065, USA.

Autism spectrum disorder is a class of neurological disorders that affect the development of brain functions. This study aims to evaluate, compare and rank the therapy techniques used in the management of autism spectrum disorder using multicriteria decision-making approaches. Fuzzy PROMETHEE and fuzzy TOPSIS approaches were used. Read More

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Initial Method for Characterization of Tympanic Membrane Drug Permeability in Human Temporal Bones .

Front Neurol 2021 23;12:580392. Epub 2021 Feb 23.

Eaton-Peabody Laboratories, Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Massachusetts Eye and Ear, Boston, MA, United States.

Acute otitis media is the most common reason for a visit to the pediatrician, often requiring systemic administration of oral antibiotics. Local drug therapy applied to the middle ear could avoid side effects associated with systemic antibiotic administration, however in the majority of patients this would require drugs to diffuse across an intact tympanic membrane. Experimental methods for testing trans-tympanic drug flux in human tissues would be highly valuable to guide drug therapy development for local drug delivery to the middle ear. Read More

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February 2021

Evaluation of Velopharyngeal Closure Ratio by a New Semi-Automatic Detection Method Based on Nasopharyngoscopy With Image Processing Method.

J Craniofac Surg 2021 Mar-Apr 01;32(2):512-516

Department of Cleft Lip and Palate, West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China.

Abstract: The goal of this study is to develop and validate a novel semi-automatic detection method (SADM) under nasopharyngoscopy based on the image processing technique, which can assist the evaluation of the velar closure ratio (VCR). After the development of the SADM, 72 patients were enrolled. The reliability of SADM was evaluated by repeated measurements. Read More

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Effectiveness of the Socket Shield Technique in Dental Implant: A Systematic Review.

J Prosthodont Res 2021 Mar 9. Epub 2021 Mar 9.

Research Planning and Promotion Committee, Japan Prosthodontic Society.

Purpose: Dental implant therapy is a common clinical treatment for missing teeth. However, the esthetic result is not as satisfactory as expected in some cases, especially in the anterior maxillary area. Poor esthetic results are caused by inadequate preparation of the hard and soft tissues in this area before treatment. Read More

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Efficacy of Jellow app as an adjunct to stimulation therapy in improvement in language and quality of life in patients with chronic Broca's Aphasia.

Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol 2021 Mar 10:1-7. Epub 2021 Mar 10.

Department of ENT, PGIMER, Chandigarh, India.

Stimulation approach is a therapy technique to improve language production using auditory and visual stimulation. Jellow app is a mobile app designed for compensating for impaired language skills and may be used in the intervention of persons with aphasia. The study aimed to determine the benefits of using the Jellow app as a facilitator of stimulus therapy to improve language and psychosocial domains in chronic Broca's Aphasia. Read More

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Effect of Volitional Effort on Submental Surface Electromyographic Activity During Healthy Swallowing.

Dysphagia 2021 Mar 9. Epub 2021 Mar 9.

The University of Canterbury Rose Centre for Stroke Recovery and Research, Christchurch, New Zealand.

The effortful swallowing technique aims to compensate for or rehabilitate impaired swallowing by using maximal volitional effort to behaviorally modify aspects of swallowing physiology. Given that swallowing is a submaximal task, swallowing at submaximal levels has recently been suggested as a more task-specific therapeutic technique. The aim of this study was to investigate differences in muscle activity during minimum, regular, and maximum effort swallowing of different boluses and across different ages, with the goal of characterizing the task specificity of minimum effort and maximum effort swallowing. Read More

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Residual Neural Network precisely quantifies dysarthria severity-level based on short-duration speech segments.

Neural Netw 2021 Feb 24;139:105-117. Epub 2021 Feb 24.

Instituto de Biociências, Letras e Ciências Exatas, Unesp - Univ Estadual Paulista (São Paulo State University), Rua Cristóvão Colombo 2265, Jd Nazareth, 15054-000, São José do Rio Preto - SP, Brazil. Electronic address:

Recently, we have witnessed Deep Learning methodologies gaining significant attention for severity-based classification of dysarthric speech. Detecting dysarthria, quantifying its severity, are of paramount importance in various real-life applications, such as the assessment of patients' progression in treatments, which includes an adequate planning of their therapy and the improvement of speech-based interactive systems in order to handle pathologically-affected voices automatically. Notably, current speech-powered tools often deal with short-duration speech segments and, consequently, are less efficient in dealing with impaired speech, even by using Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs). Read More

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February 2021

X-Vectors: New Quantitative Biomarkers for Early Parkinson's Disease Detection From Speech.

Front Neuroinform 2021 19;15:578369. Epub 2021 Feb 19.

Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering, PERFORM Center, Concordia University, Montreal, QC, Canada.

Many articles have used voice analysis to detect Parkinson's disease (PD), but few have focused on the early stages of the disease and the gender effect. In this article, we have adapted the latest speaker recognition system, called x-vectors, in order to detect PD at an early stage using voice analysis. X-vectors are embeddings extracted from Deep Neural Networks (DNNs), which provide robust speaker representations and improve speaker recognition when large amounts of training data are used. Read More

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February 2021

Concepts, Beliefs, and Traditional Treatment for Childhood Seizures in a Quilombola Community in Northeastern Brazil: Analysis by the Discourse of the Collective Speech.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Feb 15;18(4). Epub 2021 Feb 15.

Department of Nursing, Universidade Regional do Cariri, 1161 Coronel Antônio Luíz St, Crato, CE 63105-010, Brazil.

Background: Non-pharmacological therapy related to traditional, magical, and/or religious treatments for managing recurrent and non-recurrent seizures in children persists in several traditional communities. The research aims to investigate the concepts, beliefs, and types of traditional treatments used for cases of seizures in children reported by residents of a quilombola community.

Methods: The research took place in the quilombo community Sítio Arruda, Ceará, northeastern Brazil. Read More

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February 2021